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NORSOK STANDARD

DRILLING FACILITIES

D-001
Rev. 2, July1998

This NORSOK standard is developed by NTS with broad industry participation. Please note that
whilst every effort has been made to assure the accuracy of this NORSOK standard, neither OLF
nor TBL or any of their members will assume liability for any use thereof. NTS is responsible for
the administration and publication of this standard.
Norwegian Technology Standards Institution
Oscarsgt. 20, Postbox 7072 Majorstua
N-0306 Oslo, NORWAY
Telephone: + 47 22 59 67 00 Fax: + 47 22 59 67 29
Email: nts@nts.no Website: http://www.nts.no/norsok
Copyrights reserved

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

CONTENTS
FOREWORD
INTRODUCTION

2
2

1 SCOPE

2 NORMATIVE REFERENCES

3 DEFINITIONS AND ABREVIATIONS


3.1 Definitions
3.2 Abbreviations

4
4
4

4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Design Principles
4.3 Marking
4.4 Classification
4.5 Life cycle cost and Regularity
4.6 Process and Ambient Conditions
4.7 Testing and Commissioning Requirements
4.8 Simultaneous Operations
4.9 Layout Requirements
4.10 Emergency Power
4.11 Special Requirements for Production Drilling Installations
4.12 Special Requirements for MODUs

5
5
5
6
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
10
12

5 DRILLING SYSTEMS
5.1 Drilling Structures
5.2 Hoisting and Rotary Systems
5.3 Motion Compensating Systems - Special requirements for MODUs
5.4 Pipehandling Systems
5.5 Associated Equipment
5.6 Bulk Systems
5.7 Mud Mixing and Storage Systems
5.8 High Pressure Mud System
5.9 Mud Treatment Systems
5.10 Well Control Systems
5.11 Cementing System
5.12 Drilling Instrumentation

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13
16
16
17
18
20
21
23
25
27
34
35

6 DOCUMENTATION

38

ANNEX A - EXAMPLE SCHEMATIC FOR LAYOUT REQUIREMENTS


(INFORMATIVE)

40

ANNEX B - DRILLING PARAMETER REQUIREMENTS (NORMATIVE)

41

ANNEX C - DATA SHEET (NORMATIVE)

42

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FOREWORD
NORSOK (The competitive standing of the Norwegian offshore sector) is the industry initiative to
add value, reduce cost and lead time and eliminate unnecessary activities in offshore field
developments and operations.
The NORSOK standards are developed by the Norwegian petroleum industry as a part of the
NORSOK initiative and supported by OLF (The Norwegian Oil Industry Association) and TBL
(Federation of Norwegian Engineering Industries). NORSOK standards are administered and issued
by NTS (Norwegian Technology Standards Institution).
The purpose of NORSOK standards is to contribute to meet the NORSOK goals, e.g. by replacing
individual oil company specifications and other industry guidelines and documents for use in
existing and future petroleum industry developments.
The NORSOK standards make extensive references to international standards. Where relevant, the
contents of a NORSOK standard will be used to provide input to the international standardisation
process. Subject to implementation into international standards, the NORSOK standard will be
withdrawn.
Annex A is informative and B and C normative.

INTRODUCTION
The main objective of this NORSOK standard is to contribute to an optimisation of the design of
drilling facilities, their systems and equipment with respect to utilisation, operational efficiency, life
cycle cost and to stipulate acceptable safety levels.
Revision 2 of this standard is an overall improvement and expansion of the former D-DP-001
Drilling Facilities to cover both fixed and mobile offshore installations, and replace the following
NORSOK standards, all revision 1, December 1994:
D-SR-001
D-SR-002
D-SR-003
D-SR-004
D-SR-011
D-SR-012
D-SR-013
D-SR-014
D-SR-015
D-SR-021
D-SR-022
D-SR-023

Derrick/Mast and hoisting equipment


Rotary equipment
Pipehandling system
Drillfloor and substructure with equipment
Bulk
Mud mixing and storage
High pressure mud
Mud treatment
Cementing
Kill and choke manifold
BOP, diverter and drilling riser
Drilling instrumentation (draft standard - not issued)

The section on instrumentation is new, including Annex A, B and C.

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SCOPE

This standard describes the design, installation and commissioning principles and requirements for
the drilling facilities and their systems and equipment on fixed and mobile offshore installations.

NORMATIVE REFERENCES

The following standards include provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute
provisions of this NORSOK standard. Latest issue of the references shall be used unless otherwise
agreed. Other recognized standards may be used provided it can be shown that they meet or exceed
the requirements of the standards referenced below.
ANSI B 31.3
API RP 2R
API Spec 4F
API Spec 7
API Spec 8C

Process piping
Marine Riser
Drilling and well servicing structures
Rotary drilling equipment (replace with ISO 10424 when issued)
Drilling and production hoisting equipment (replace with ISO 13535
when issued)
API Spec 9A
Wire rope
API Spec16A
Drill Through Equipment (replace with ISO 13533 when issued)
API Spec 16C
Choke and kill system
API Spec 16D
Control systems for drilling well control equipment
API RP 16E
Design of control systems for drilling well control equipment
API Bull 16J
Comparison of marine drilling riser analysis
API RP 16Q Design, selection, operation and maintenance of marine drilling riser
systems
(replace with ISO 13624 when issued)
ASME VIII
Div. 1 and Div. 2, Pressure vessel code
BS 5500
Pressure vessels, accumulators and piping systems:
ISO 1000
SI units and recommendations for the use of their multiples of certain
other units
ISO 10423
Specification for valves, wellhead and christmas tree equipment
NACE MR-0175
For sour service
NORSOK I-001
NORSOK L-CR-001
NORSOK M-001
NORSOK N-001
NORSOK S-DP-001
NORSOK S-002
NORSOK S-DP-003
NORSOK Z-DP-002
NORSOK Z-010

Field Instrumentation
Piping and valves (will be renumbered L-001)
Material Selection
Structural design
Technical Safety (will be S-001)
Working Environment
Environmental Care (will be S-003)
Coding system
Installation of Electrical, Instrument & Telecommunication

NPD
NS 5820
TBK 1 - 2

Regulations relating to systematic followup of the working environment.


Suppliers documentation of equipment.
General rules for pressure vessels

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DEFINITIONS AND ABREVIATIONS

3.1
Definitions
Competent Person
Drilling Facilities

As defined in the EC Directives for Supply of Machinery


Structures containing systems and equipment required for drilling
operations.

3.2
Abbreviations
APV
Air pressure vessel
AWD
Analysis while drilling
BOP
Blow-Out Preventer.
CE
Eurpoean Conformity Assessment Mark.
CPU
Central Processing Unit
DDA
Drilling Data Acquisition system.
DIP
Drilling Instrumentation Package
DSC
Drill String Compensator
EEA
European economic area
FAT
Factory Acceptance Test
GUI
Graphical User Interface
HP/HT
High Pressure/High Temperature
HVAC
Heating. ventilation and air conditioning
I/O
Input / Output
LAT
Lowest Astronomical Tide
LCC
Life cycle cost
LMRP
Lower Marine Riser Package
MD
Measured Depth
ML
Mud Logging
MMI
Man Machine Interface
MODU
Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
MTBF
Mean Time Between Failure
MTTR
Mean Time To Repair
MWD
Measurement While Drilling.
NMD
Norwegian Maritime Directorate
NPD
Norwegian Petroleum Directorate
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
POSC
Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation
RPM
Revolutions Per Minute
SG
Specific Gravity
SI
Systme International d'Units
SWL
Safe Working Load
TLP
Tension Leg Platform
TSV
Tender Support Vessel
TVD
True Vertical Depth
VDU
Visual Display Unit
WITS
Wellsite Information Transfer Specification

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GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

4.1
Introduction
The drilling facilities shall be designed, built and equipped in compliance with applicable
regulations, this standard and other industry recognised standards such as those from API, ANSI,
ASME, BS, ISO, NACE, NORSOK and TBK referenced in clause 2 above. Materials shall be
selected according to NORSOK M-001 and piping and valves to L-CR-001.
The drilling facilities shall be designed to allow for easy and safe operation and maintenance, with
minimum manning levels.
The drilling facilities shall as a minimum include the following:

Derrick/mast or hoisting structure, drillfloor and substructure


Hoisting and rotary equipment
Pipehandling system
Drillfloor and substructure equipment
Bulk system
Mud mixing and storage system
High pressure mud system
Mud treatment system
Cementing system
Well control system
Tensioning and motion compensating systems, where applicable
Drilling data acquisition system

The drilling facilities will subject to range and type, require all of, or parts of the following utilities:

Main electrical power supply


Emergency power supply
Service, instrument- and bulk air
Contaminated drains (mud)
HVAC
Hydraulic power
Sea water, fresh water, hot water, high pressure wash down system.

The drilling facilities will subject to range and type, interface with all of or part of the following 3rd.
party equipment: Cementing , completion, diving / ROV, AWD, well logging and well testing.
Complexity of the systems and equipment, and the amount of equipment, shall be kept as low as
possible.
4.2
Design Principles
An overall objective for drilling and well activities will be the requirement that no single failure
shall entail a life threatening situation for the involved personnel, or significant damage to material
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and the environment. This applies both to operational errors and to failure in connection with
equipment used directly in operations, as well as equipment with auxiliary functions.
The objectives will constitute the basis for definition and revision of the acceptance criteria for risk
in connection with drilling and well activities, and for the choice of risk reducing measures.
System and equipment are to be protected against excessive loads and pressure.
Safety systems are to provide two independent levels of protection to prevent or minimise the
effects of a single malfunction or fault in the process equipment and piping system, including their
controls. The two levels of protection are to be provided by functionally different types of safety
devices to reduce the probability for common cause failures.
4.2.1 All equipment shall be located to ensure safe operation and, if located in hazardous
areas, shall be suitably protected for installation in such areas. Equipment in hazardous areas
shall be so protected that maximum surface temperature does not exceed 80% of the auto
ignition temperature of the explosive gas/air mixture. Where auto ignition temperature is
unknown, maximum temperature of 200C is to be applied.
The facilities shall be designed to minimise risks of personnel injuries, environmental hazards and
economic loss. Reference is made to NORSOK standards S-DP-001, S-002, S-DP-003 and NPD
Regulations relating to systematic follow-up of the working environment.
4.3
Marking
Equipment shall be marked with:
Manufacturer
Equipment Type No
Equipment Serial No.
SWL WP
Maximum voltage
All tag numbers to be according to NORSOK standard Z-DP-002 Coding system.
There shall be consistency between units used for marking and units displayed on instruments.
The provision implement the EEA Agreements relating to machinery and to simple pressure vessels.
The provision is not intended for manufactures, manufacturers authorised representatives or imports
of machinery or simple pressure vessels within the EEA area, but for users of such equipment at
work sites in petroleum activities offshore. In practice, the provision implies that machinery or
simple pressure vessels cannot be put into operation unless they have CE mark affixed.
Machinery placed on the market after 8 April 1995 shall be designed, manufactured and
documented in accordance with the requirements of the Machinery Regulations. The requirement
entails that the individual contractor, sub-contractor etc. must ensure that machinery taken into use
has received CE marking and that it is accompanied by a declaration of conformity.
By marketing (place on the market) is meant the first time a product, against payment or free of
charge, is placed at disposal with a view to distribution or use within the EEA. The Norwegian
Petroleum Directorate has in co-operation with other authorities, defined the following criteria for
when a product is considered placed on the market:
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When the right to dispose of the product passes over from a manufacture within the EEA area to
the next link in the chain of distribution.
When the equipment is imported from a country outside the EEA area, and the right to dispose
of the product passes over from importer to the next link in the chain of distribution.
When the equipment was offered and is available for direct sale from the manufacture or from
an importer and the purpose was to direct sale to users.
When a manufacturer or an importer takes into use equipment imported by himself.

The requirement contained in this section applies only to machinery comprised by the Machinery
Regulations. This entails that the requirement applies only to machinery used on fixed installations.
The reason for this is that Machinery Regulations are not applicable to seagoing ships and mobile
offshore units. Fixed installations, i.e. permanently placed installations, is a concept used in the
petroleum legislation in Norway.
The installation concept and the criteria for when an installation is to be regarded as fixed or mobile,
follow from superior petroleum legislation, ref. Section 1 of the Petroleum Act and Section 1 of the
Working Environment Regulations. The concept Fixed Installation is in itself not defined in this
legislation, but the criteria for when an installation is to be regarded as fixed follows from the legal
history.
Mobile units to be used in exploration drilling are to be considered mobile installations.
Production vessels or other mobile units to be used for production purpose, however, are normally
to be considered fixed installations, where the requirements to CE marking and declaration of
conformity are to be complied with.
Borderline cases may occur. In such cases, a specific discretionary evaluation must be carried out,
which among other things attaches importance of the installation, to how long the installation is
intended to carry out petroleum activities on the Norwegian continental shelf, and integration into
the total activities.
4.4
Classification
Two different ranges of drilling facilities, systems and equipment have been defined in Annex C in
order to assist specification and standardisation of drilling rigs:

NORSOK I
NORSOK II

- wells up to approximately 6.500 m MD


- wells up to approximately 10.000 m MD

For drilling rigs to be classified as NORSOK I or II, the design of the rig shall comply with the
provisions stipulated in Annex C.
4.5
Life cycle cost and Regularity
Regularity requirements shall be defined prior to detailed design, based on stability (MTBF/MTTR)
and service intervals. The service activities shall not interfere with the drilling activities. The service
intervals shall reflect the MTBF. LCC shall be defined for all vital parts in the drilling facilities.

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4.6
Process and Ambient Conditions
The drilling facilities shall be selected/designed to operate under ambient conditions prevalent in the
intended area of operation, and shall be able to handle all types of drilling and completion fluids
with mud return temperatures relevant for HPHT wells. The following values applies (typical)
unless otherwise specified:
Ambient temperature, structures: -20 C to + 40 C.
Ambient temperature, machinery: -10 C to + 40 C.
Humidity: 100%
4.7
Testing and Commissioning Requirements
The various vendors shall present a test procedure, including acceptance criterias, prior to the FAT
for their system or sub-system. This procedure shall describe all tests to be carried out during the
platform commissioning and start-up phase for the equipment as a stand alone unit.
At FAT the drilling equipment shall be tested as a complete system, with all subsystems integrated.
Loads and I/O shall be simulated and recorded.
During platform commissioning and start-up, the various drilling systems and their DIP shall be
utilised to verify the sensor data.
4.8
Simultaneous Operations
It shall be possible to perform maintenance work, internal movement and testing of BOP's on test
stump and x-mas trees, while normal drillfloor operations are ongoing.
The design shall allow for optimum simultaneous drilling, production, maintenance and well
intervention operations where applicable.
Simultaneous drilling and well intervention are often required in area covered by the drillfloor
envelope. If access is not obtained through conventional well bay design, alternative skid base
design shall be used.
For drilling facilities with dual derrick design, the design, layout and equipment shall allow for
optimum simultaneous drilling, well maintenance and well intervention operations.
4.9

Layout Requirements

4.9.1 General
All work areas in connection with drilling activities shall be arranged to ensure the safety of
personnel and operations, working environment and pollution control, in accordance with NORSOK
standards S-DP-001, S-002 and S-DP-003 and project safety goals.
The layout of the drilling facilities shall give due consideration to areas that may be critical to
dropped objects, especially in connection with materials and equipment handling.
The layout shall ensure that maintenance and service can be carried out in a safe and ergonomically
efficient way.

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4.9.2 Material Handling


The layout and design of the drilling facilities shall enable safe and efficient transport and handling
of materials. A material handling study shall be performed. For pipehandling reference is made to
5.4.
4.9.3 Workshops, Stores and Offices
Workshops for welders, electricians, instrument engineers, hydraulic engineers and mechanics with
necessary equipment shall be available, and be in areas with relevant classifications. The workshops
should be considered to be part of the platform facilities (i.e. share the use of platform workshops).
There shall be sufficient dry and heated stores for drilling equipment and spare parts. Relevant
transportation/handling facilities shall be provided.
The drilling offices shall have easy access to all areas of the drilling facilities, especially the drill
floor.
Office facilities for the following personnel should be available:
Mechanic/electrician
Maintenance supervisor/materialsman
Operators drilling supervisor/drilling engineer
Geologist/reservoir engineer
Drilling contractor
Service contractors
AWD facilities, shall be located close to the drillfloor and the mud treatment plant.
A combined mud laboratory including a workbench or desk shall be located close to the mud pits,
and be connected to the required utility systems including drains.
Coffee shops for smokers and non-smokers shall be available in addition to dressing room.
4.9.4 Completions and Intervention Equipment
Sufficient space shall be provided for equipment and operations for completion and intervention
equipment such as slick and braided wireline, electric logging, coiled tubing, snubbing, well
completion and well testing .
All necessary utilities shall be available close to the specific equipment, including temporary
communications equipment.
4.10
Emergency Power
In case of main power failure, emergency power is required to secure the well and associated
equipment.
The emergency power shall be sufficient to facilitate the following operations, not simultaneously,
but in relevant combinations:

Circulate mud at reduced rate


Mix and transfer mud as required
Move tubulars at limited speed

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Complete cement job


Rotate drill string at limited RPM/torque
Operation of pipe handling equipment at limited speed
Operate and recharge secondary well control equipment

4.11

Special Requirements for Production Drilling Installations

4.11.1 Layout Interfaces


The skidable part of the drilling facilities shall be installed on platform integrated skid beams,
extending to at least one platform edge to facilitate on/off loading of modules. The skid beams shall
be designed to suit all relevant load conditions. Ref. NORSOK standard N-001. The remaining parts
of the drilling facilities shall be located adjacent to the skidable structures.
The following dimensions shall be used to define the minimum deck area for the drilling facilities:

14 m between main lower skid beams (platform integrated), centre-centre, and


30 m x 16m available area of required strength for mud module/piperack.

The lower skidding structure shall adapt to the main skid beams that are 600 mm to 1000 mm wide
and top flanged levelled 200-500 mm above the deck level.
Contaminated drains from drill floor and substructure shall be collected and routed to a dedicated
slop tank system.
All uncontaminated drains from the drill floor and substructures shall be discharged to drain points
that are located in the main platform structure as shown on the principal sketch below:

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Uncontaminated drilled cuttings shall be discharged to a cuttings chute which is located in the
platform structure as proposed on the principal sketch.
Provisions shall be made for collection of drill cuttings from oil base mud, or cuttings otherwise
classified as contaminated, for subsequent disposal in compliance with environmental regulations.
Platform cranes shall give combined coverage of all areas for material movement, to and between
the various drilling facility lay-down areas, the piperack and the drill floor. The cranes shall also be
capable of providing adequate lifting capacity over all well slots.
4.11.2 Utility Interfaces
All utilities between the platform and the drilling facilities shall have dedicated interface
termination points outside the drilling facilities area. Platform systems shall be routed outside the
dedicated area for the drilling facilities. (See sketch above).

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The following utilities shall be supplied by the platform facilities to support the drilling facilities:

Main electrical power


Emergency power
Fire and gas control systems
Fire water
Emergency shutdown system
Sea, fresh and potable water (special consideration if TSV supported)
Drains
Un-interruptable electrical power supply
Instrument and plant air
Diesel (special consideration if TSV supported)
Telecommunications
Completion and Intervention equipment
Main data bus
CC TV (if applicable)
Bulk Brine (if applicable)
Bare oil (if applicable)

.and delivery rates to drilling facilities shall be consistent with transfer rates listed in Annex C.
For a wellhead platform concept the supply of utilities, safety and communication systems shall be
given due consideration.
4.11.3 Removable Drilling Facilities
Drilling facilities shall be removable, if required by operator, for re-use and enable efficient
mobilisation/demobilisation onto fixed production or wellhead platforms and tension leg platforms
in order to obtain a high degree of utilisation, and for optimum cost purposes.
4.12
Special Requirements for MODUs
The design, fabrication and installation of drilling facilities and systems on a MODU (e.g. Column
Stabilised Units, Drill Ships and Self-Elevating Units) shall be in compliance with NPD and other
relevant regulations.
The design, fabrication and installation of equipment for use on MODUs shall include consideration
of the dynamic loads which are introduced by the vessel and motions of the units where applicable.

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5.1

Drilling Structures

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

5.1.1 General
This paragraph describes the minimum requirements for the following main items and associated
equipment:
Derrick, mast or hoisting structure, drill floor and substructure complete, including access
ladders, gangways, working- and maintenance platforms as required, BOP handling facilities as
required, sufficient illumination capacity and quantity, piping as required, weather protection etc.
Crown Block(s) and Travelling Block(s) or Travelling Yoke
Guide rails
Draw works or other complete system for hoisting, including motors or hydraulic power packs as
applicable
Drilling line or other wire arrangements as applicable
Deadline Anchor(s) as applicable
Hoisting and travelling assembly control system(s)
Skid base support system when skidding of the substructure is required
5.1.2 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference chapter 4.6
Wind conditions: The system shall as a minimum be designed for unlimited operation with regards
to hookloads, setback loads, rotary loads and, where applicable, riser tension loads, for wind speeds
up to 30 m/s, 10 min mean, considering a reference height of 50 m above LAT, unless otherwise
specified.
The design basis shall be defined for the following load combinations:

Maximum wind speeds with full setbackload and, where applicable, riser tension load
Hook load
Snow and ice loads
Earthquake conditions
Platform accelerations, where applicable
Transport of modules: Module loads and permissible accelerations during offshore or onshore
transport

5.1.3

Functional Requirements

5.1.3.1 General
The system shall be designed to, and be capable of handling tubulars and heavy well control
equipment such as, but not limited to, in an efficient way:
Drill strings
Casing strings
Conductors
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High pressure risers and associated equipment


BOP stacks and x-mas trees
Marine risers where applicable
Any requirement for modularization shall be specified by the owner, specifying maximum module
sizes and weights.
The system design shall allow for performing wireline work, electric logging, coiled tubing and
snubbing unit operations at the drillfloor, considering space, height, equipment handling, access to
the equipment and weather protection.
Special requirements for MODUs: Drilling structures on MODUs, shall be designed for infield rig
moves with full setback loads, where applicable. Dynamic loads shall be included.
5.1.3.2 Derrick
The derrick, mast or hoisting structure shall be designed to withstand the loads and forces imposed
by the hookload, work winches, rotary loads and relevant environmental loads. In addition, the
structure can be used for support of pipehandling equipment, and support for racked tubulars on
setback areas. Ref. NORSOK N-001 Structural design.
Access in connection with operation and maintenance of equipment shall be catered for by suitable
and safe access from deck or installed work platforms. From current practice it follows that the
various work platforms in derricks (including platform for installation of casings) shall be
adequately equipped with safety devices and lift, stairs or ladders for safe access. Maximum
permissible height of a continuous ladder is 9 m. Where the climbing height exceeds 9 m, a rest
platform shall be arranged every 6 m. Access from ladder/lift to rest/work platforms shall be
adequately secured with self-close check port, a railing at least 1000 mm high and a toeboard with a
height of at least 100 mm.
Lubrication points with difficult access in the drilling area, such as sheaves, shall be routed to a
readily accessible area.
An escape arrangement leading away from the derrick to a safe area is required in addition to the
main access routes.
Equipment and components shall have independent securing devices to prevent falling down.
Sufficient number of hangoff points of required capacity underneath Crown Block platform for
hangoff line(s) for travelling assembly, manual rig tongs and work winches. All hang off points
and/or padeyes shall be properly marked with SWL, and the design shall ensure that SWL does not
exceed 20 % of the breaking load.
5.1.3.3 Drillfloor
The drillfloor structure shall be designed to withstand the loads and forces imposed by the
hookload, work winches, setback area(s), rotary loads and all installed equipment.
On fixed installations, the drilling rig shall be skiddable in both directions, and capable of skidding
with full setback.

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The worst combined case scenario with regards to loading conditions is:

Full setback load and


Full hookload or rotary load
All environmental loads

It shall be possible to handle and install conductors within rotary table limitations, and of longest
standard length for the actual size.
All manned working areas shall be weather protected.
It shall be possible to build stands in a safe and efficient manner while drilling.
It shall be possible to install a remote operated pipehandling system on the drillfloor if not installed
in the derrick.
The drillfloor shall in relevant areas be designed for dropped objects protection, i.e. to withstand the
impact from a falling 9 1/2" drillcollar stand from a height of 1,5 m.
The drill floor primary work area shall be covered with a non-skid material.
The setback area shall be covered with a material which prevents tool joint damage.
A heavy tool store with designated laydown area shall be provided. Efficient and safe handling of
tools between the tool store and the drillfloor shall be given due consideration.
Special requirements for MODUs: The worst combined case scenario with regards to loading
conditions is in survival weather / sea state:
Full setback load and
Full hookload or rotary load and
Full marine riser tensioner load
All relevant environmental loads
5.1.3.4 Substructure
The substructure shall be designed to form an adequate foundation for the derrick, mast or hoisting
structure and the drillfloor, and provide required elevations and handling space for BOPs and x-mas
trees etc.
The substructure shall be designed to withstand all combined loads from derrick, mast or hoisting
structure and drillfloor with full loadings as specified above, BOP handling loads, as well as
equipment installed in the substructure itself.
Substructures on fixed installations and TLP's shall be skiddable in minimum one direction.
Minimum height shall be 2,5 m in order to obtain a good utilisation of the area between the skid
beams. The system shall be capable of skidding with full setback. Hose and cable links between the
lower skidding structure and the stationary modules shall be designed to cover six well slot rows, or
12,5 m without disconnecting.

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Hose and cable links between the two skidding structures shall be designed to cover four well slot
rows, or 7,5 m without disconnecting.
5.2

Hoisting and Rotary Systems

5.2.1 General
This clause describes the requirements to hoisting and rotary systems including equipment such as:

Drawwork/Hoisting System
Crown Block/ Drill String Compensator /structural parts of compensators
Travelling Block/Yoke
Drilling Hook/Adapter
Rotary Swivels
Top Drive
Guide Dollies
Drill Line Spool and Anchor
Rotary Table
Control and Monitoring Systems

5.2.2 Process/Ambient Conditions


Reference chapter 4.6
5.2.3 Functional Requirements
The drawwork / hoisting system shall be equipped with an emergency stop device which in the
event of main brake / hydraulic/electrical system failure shall have the capability to stop and lower
the load safely. The emergency stop device shall be readily identified and easily accessible.
Kinetic energy and travelling assembly monitoring as well as crown- and floor saver shall be
provided.
Special requirements for MODUs
Rotary table opening consideration to be adressed relevant to marine riser size and water depth
capacity. Bushings to be of split type.
5.3

Motion Compensating Systems - Special requirements for MODUs

5.3.1 General
This paragraph describes the overall requirements for motion compensating equipment and systems
for mobile offshore drilling units, and TLPs etc.
The systems will include:
arine Riser Tensioners
Guideline Tensioners (where applicable)
Podline Tensioners (where applicable)
Idler Sheaves (where applicable)
Drill String Compensator, active or passive
NOTE-May also be part of Drawworks functions
Air Pressure Vessels
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Control Panels
High pressure compressors or hydraulic power packs.
SSTV Camera winch (where applicable)
5.3.2 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference chapter 4.6
5.3.3

Functional Requirements

5.3.3.1 Marine Riser and Guideline Tensioners


Marine riser tensioners are required to have a combined tension capability to keep the maximum
specified riser length, filled with mud of specific gravity 2,1 in tension, and with enough overpull to
lift the riser and LMRP in the event of an emergency unlatch situation.
The number of APVs, and the flow area of piping must be sufficient to where the tensioning activity
can take place at a rate corresponding to the MODUs motion characteristics, and without a
detrimental tension load fluctuation.
Required number of tensioners and combined tensioner force is subject to actual MODUs water
depth capability, and defined in each case.
4 each guideline tensioners and 2 each podline tensioners are normally required unless BOP is of
guidelineless design.
A minimum of one idler sheave to suit actual wire size will be required for each of the above
tensioners, subject to layout and wire routing.
Applied tension forces should act symmetrically around the well centre.
The riser tensioner system shall be designed to stay redundant in all operational and disconnect
conditions, with one tensioner line removed and still operating within 60% system utilisation. The
design shall be based on a dynamic riser analysis.
5.3.3.2 Drill String Compensator (DSC)
Drill string compensator shall be of active design, and may also be part of drawworks functions. It
should be possible to keep the subsea BOP stack within 0,5 meter variation with a rig heave of 4,0
meter.
5.4

Pipehandling Systems

5.4.1 General
The pipehandling systems includes:

Vertical Pipehandling Systems


Horizontal Pipehandling System
Horizontal to Vertical Pipehandling System

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5.4.2 Process/Ambient Conditions


Reference chapter 4.6
5.4.3 Functional Requirements
The drillfloor shall be unmanned and equipment remotely operated in normal drilling and tripping
operations. The Pipedeck Transportation System and the Pipedeck to / from Drillfloor
Transportation System shall be remote operated with the possibility for:
a)

Stowage, connection/disconnection and suspension of drillstring, collars and casings in the


rotary table
b) Transport of drillstring, collars, casings etc. to/from storage location to the drillfloor.
Average minimum capacities for the pipehandling system together with the hoisting system is 1450
m/h (60 ea 28,8 m stands of drillpipe).
An interlock system shall be installed to prevent collision between the main hoisting equipment, the
pipehandling equipment and structures.
5.5

Associated Equipment

5.5.1 General
This paragraph describes equipment typically located on the Drillfloor, in the Substructure or
Derrick of the drillling facilities on fixed, modularized, mobile or tension leg platforms, subject to
design and layout.
The associated equipment should comprise all, or part of, the following main items:

Drillers cabin
Work winches
Manrider winches
BOP handling equipment
X-mas tree handling equipment
Test stumps for BOP and x-mas trees
Casing basket
Pipe doping machine
Remotely operated slips
Mud bucket
Hydraulic catheads
Automatic mud bucket (Remotely operated)

NOTE: The drillfloor and substructure may accommodate other items/systems such as BOP control
system, mud treatment system, trip tank etc. These items/systems are described in other paragraphs.
5.5.2 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference chapter 4.6
5.5.3

Functional Requirements

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5.5.3.1 General
Access in connection with operation and maintenance of equipment shall be catered for by suitable
and safe access from deck or installed work platforms.
Equipment and components shall to the extent possible have independent securing devices to
prevent falling down.
5.5.3.2 Manrider Winches
Recognized solutions for detail design of winches for transport of personnel may be:
The pulling force of the winch is adjusted to about 1,5 kN with associated sealing of the
adjustment devices after testing/certification;
A wire with at least 10 mm diameter and with a safety factor against fracture of at least 10;
Two separate and independent brakes of which one is automatic;
Slack wire system
Derail protection on drum and wire sheaves
Adequate winding of wire on drum e.g. by installing an automatic winding device connected to
the gear/driving unit of the winch
Unobstructed view from operating position to the person who is transported
Limit switches and at least 3 turns left on the drum at maximum payout of wire
Manual locking of shackle
Emergency lowering /hoisting system in the event of power failure
Emergency stop device. If an unobstructed view from the operating position to the person being
transported cannot be achieved, the person transported should also have access to an emergency
device. A flagman may if applicable be used
Transport speed approximately 1 m/s. Soft and infinitely variable regulation of the speed shall
be possibleSecuring arrangement against uncontrolled lowering speed
Design in accordance with recognised standards
Materials documentation for all loadbearing elements with necessary certificates
NOTE: Winches for personnel installed on floating installations when work on moving equipment
may take place, must have the possibility to disconnect the automatic brake and be equipped to be
able to keep a constant pull at stop corresponding to about 1,5 kN.
5.5.3.3 Handling Equipment and work Winches
The equipment shall be designed to, and capable of handling tubulars and heavy well control
equipment in an efficient way such as, but not limited to:
BOP stacks and x-mas trees
Equipment on drillfloor and in substructure
Make up and break out drillstring components, casing, conductors, risers etc.
BOP and x-mas tree handling equipment capacities shall be defined for each type of installation,
since the required capacity may vary from 500 kN to in excess of 2500 kN.
The handling equipment shall preferably transport the BOP and x-mas tree to separate storage
positions where they can be reached by the platform crane.

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All relevant equipment shall have drip pans or gutters to avoid spillage of contaminated fluids.
Drillers Cabin
The layout of the drillers cabin shall ensure full operational control and view from the drillers
position to the various parts of the drilling area. The drillers cabin shall have an ergonomic layout
and shall be equipped with laminated glass, oil resistant wiper/cleaner and HVAC. The
roof/windows shall have strengthening/protection against falling objects.
5.6

Bulk Systems

5.6.1 General
The Bulk System shall be designed to receive, store and deliver required volume of bulk material to
the mud and cementing system. The system should comprise the following main items:

Dry bulk storage tanks


Bulk cement storage tanks
Bulk tank ventilation/regeneration system
Bulk transfer and dosing system
Loading stations
Field instruments
Surge tanks

5.6.2 Process/Ambient Conditions


Reference chapter 4.6
5.6.3 Functional Requirements
The system shall be designed for intermittent service.
The ventilation from receiving tank shall be short and have low flow resistance.
The bulk system shall include provisions to add or delete extra storage tanks to adjust the storage
capacity to accommodate the drilling program and supply frequency.
Bulk storage tanks shall be equipped with safety valves or rupture discs. Rupture discs can only be
used on bulk storage tanks in open areas. For bulk storage tanks in enclosed areas, safety valves
shall be used, and ventilated (through pipes) to open areas. Such enclosed areas shall similarly be
ventilated to avoid pressure build-up in the event of a fracture or leakage in the piping for the air
supply system.
Possibility for transfer of dry bulk between storage tanks shall be accommodated.
No bulk material shall evacuate with the transport air during normal operation. All vent.lines shall
go through dust cyclones with dust collector tank, or similar.
The cement and barite/bentonite systems shall be separate. A removable crossover to be installed in
special instances, shall be provided.
All valves used for loading, discharge, pumping and circulating purposes shall be remotely
operated.
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No valves, nozzles, etc. to be located inside bulk tanks in order to avoid entering of the tanks.
All bulk tanks shall have alarm (warning) for high level.
All bulk lines (also ventilation line) shall be built for low flow resistance, and with minimum length
to avoid pressure loss and material build up in pipes.
Due consideration should be given to maintenance and replacement of valves.
The design shall enable total emptying of tanks (max 1,5% rest), and easy access to valves and
instruments
It shall be possible to isolate individual tanks or section of the system for maintenance purposes.
Provisions shall be made for sampling.
Dedicated loading hose for :
Barite / bentonite
Cement
Fresh water / drill water
Portable water
Liquid mud
Diesel
Base oil
Special requirements for MODUs. Special bulk storage capacity considerations shall be given .
5.7

Mud Mixing and Storage Systems

5.7.1 General
This subclause describes the equipment and system for mud mixing and storage. The process of
storing, and the mixing of drilling fluids, is in principal as shown on the enclosed process flow
diagram. The system may comprise the following main items, and is subject to individual selection:

Base oil storage tank(s)


Mineral/synthetic oil based mud storage tank(s)
Brine storage tank(s)
Mud storage tanks(s)
Completion fluid storage tank(s)
Mud mixing and suction tanks
Pill/slug tanks
Chemical mixing tank
Agitators
Shear mixing units
Transfer and mixing pumps
Valves and piping
Suction- transfer- and mixing manifolds

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Open and closed drain system


Drain tank
Bulk dosing system
Chemical dosing system
Mud mixers
High rate mixer
Field instruments

5.7.2 Process/Ambient Conditions


Reference chapter 4.6
5.7.3 Functional Requirements
The total capacity of the mud, bulk and storage system shall be sufficient to replace 100% of any
hole volume including the riser if applicable. If this volume requirement exceeds the specified
volume in the table below, the necessary precautions should be taken to arrange for such volume of
tanks available. All valves in daily use shall be remotely operated. A control room for remote
operation of the mud and bulk systems shall be included, unless satisfactory working environment is
ensured by other means.
All tanks to be equipped with agitators with sufficient turnover rate to prevent settling of mud. For
the base oil/mineral/synthetic oil based mud storage tanks and the brine storage tank, the agitation
can be performed by pumps to give sufficient turnover rate if applicable. All tanks shall be designed
to avoid "corners and pockets" that causes solid material build-up. Stiffeners inside the tanks shall
be avoided. Tanks to be equipped with baffles when necessary. Material selection for tanks to be
considered (e.g. composit)
The mud tanks shall be completely covered and ventilated, and with access/inspection hatches. The
mud tank design shall ensure easy cleaning and easy access. An automatic cleaning system shall be
preferred. The tanks shall have sloping bottoms to secure complete emptying both to suction- and
closed drain manifold. Apparatus to collect samples of the mud shall be arranged without the need
of opening lids or hatches.
All tanks shall be equipped with a minimum of one level sensor.
One storage tank and the mixing tanks shall have mud shearing facilities.
The chemical dosing system shall consist of machinery that performs a totally enclosed feeding of
liquid and powder chemicals into the mud. The system shall be able to handle single sacks. If the
system is emptying big bags there should be equipment/machinery to handle the empty bags without
dust emission to the environment.
The dry bulk materials and all chemicals shall be transported, stored and mixed without any risk of
spillage or harmful exposure for personnel.
Two separate mixing lines shall be available simultaneously to facilitate the mixing of dry bulk
materials, powder additives and liquid additive in both the active and storage system. The manifolds
to- and from the mud tanks shall be arranged to perform transfer simultaneously with mixing.

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The mud mixers shall be arranged in a way, or be of a type that prevents overflow by the accidental
stoppage of the mixing pump. Precaution shall be taken to prevent overflow in the mud mixer in
case of incorrect operation of valves or pumps.
The high rate mixer shall, if installed, be of a design that mixes the barite into the fluids before it
enters the mud tanks.
The level monitoring system should be of load cell type and have a heave and list compensating
system when applicable.
Electrical equipment shall be zone certified.
An automatic cleaning system for mud tanks shall be considered.
Strainers in the suction lines outside the mud tanks shall be installed.
Each mud tank and pump shall have the possibility to be isolated from the system during
maintenance.
Due consideration shall be given to minimise the length of suction lines. The layout should also take
into consideration, that most of the mud mixers are sensitive to the outlet back pressure, and that
drilling fluid quite often accidentally exceeds the specified limits for viscosity.
The surge tanks with dust collecting system are to have the same design pressure as the bulk system
and shall be able to handle the maximum transfer capacities from the bulk system.
There shall be provisions to load one of the surge tanks directly from a supply vessel.
Special requirements for MODUs: Different mud mixing and storage capacities may apply.
5.8

High Pressure Mud System

5.8.1 General
The system should comprise of the following items:

High pressure mud pumps


Discharge manifold and lines
Drive motors
Pulsation dampener (suction and discharge)
Pop off safety valves
Super charge pumps
Local control panel
Field instruments
Utility systems
Liner spray system
Lube oil system
Cooling systems
Kicker hose on discharge line

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Vibration dampeners
Bleed off line
5.8.2 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference chapter 4. 6
5.8.3 Functional Requirements
The high pressure mud pumping system shall be capable of delivering all drilling and completion
fluids in normal use at the specified pressures and volumes. The system shall be designed for
continuous service, and have a regularity as high as possible.
The HP mud pumps and supercharge pumps shall be operated from the drillers cabin. The HP
shearing system shall be operated independently of the high pressure pumping to the well.
The HP mud pumps shall be equipped with lifting facilities for liner and suction/discharge module
change.
Each mud pump must be isolated from the system during maintenance.
Electrical equipment shall be zone certified.
The HP mud pump pop-off safety valve shall discharge to the active mud system. The pipe
downstream from the safety valve shall always be self drained. Possibility for flushing the
downstream pipe should be included.
Pressure bleed off line for each HP mud pump shall be provided.
The HP piping shall be sufficiently supported against vibrations caused by pump pulsations.
Minimum one rotary hose/stand pipe is required.
The HP mud pumps shall be located to allow gravity feed from mud tanks in case of failure of super
charge pumps. Super charge pumps shall have gravity feed bypass piping.
The drill floor standpipe manifold shall have a pressure bleed off facility via a manual choke to the
flowline return ditch. For purposes of reverse circulations the string contents without flowing
through the standpipe, there shall be a HP connection on the drill floor with a return line to the flow
ditch.
The HP mud pumps shall be located with emphasis on easy access and provision for change of
motors, main crank shaft, chains, liner and piston, fluid ends and valves. Drip pans and drains shall
be provided
Provisions for reverse circulation shall be available.
Strainers/screens are required to prevent larger particles from entering the drill string.
Due consideration shall be given to lifting appliances and work platforms for maintenance and
repair work on the pumps.
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Provisions shall be made to enable sectioning utilisation of the suction system as well as the
discharge system.
5.9

Mud Treatment Systems

5.9.1 General
This clause describes the design principles for mud treatment system and equipment. The system
shall consist of the following main items:

Mud return flow line


Distribution system to shakers
Mud return system from shakers
Shale shakers as required
De-gassers as required
Mud treatment tanks with agitators
Control system as required for the entire mud treatment system

The system may further have all, or parts of following equipment incorporated:
Gumbo trap
Centrifuges with feeding pumps
Desander(s)
Desilter(s)
Cuttings collecting system
Cuttings weighing system
Contaminated Drain/Injection system
Control room for shale shaker operator
Control room to be provided with sink and fresh water supply
5.9.2 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference chapter 4.6
Special considerations should be taken with regard to HTHP facilities.
5.9.3

Functional Requirements

5.9.3.1 General
Spaces and open/closed areas shall be adequately secured in order to avoid personnel being
subjected to substances hazardous to their health. Spaces containing shale shakers, drilling fluid
tanks, vapours and drilling fluid/gas separators, shall similarly be equipped to prevent exposure to
health hazardous gases and vapours.
All equipment with a noise level above 83 dBA (SPL) must be equipped with noise hoods or placed
in separate machine rooms. Required noise insulation must not hamper the access to equipment for
normal operation and maintenance (i.e. screen removal).
Electrical equipment shall be zone certified.

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The installation shall be equipped with shale shakers, desanders and desilters and centrifuges of
adequate number and quality to carry out reconditioning of the mud.
Consideration should be given to well completion fluids handling.
The distribution system from the flowline to the shakers must enable circulation without overflow at
the rates and conditions shown in Annex C whenever drilling.
5.9.3.2 Cuttings Control
The cuttings shall primarily be removed by the shale shakers with the possibility to operate with
coarse and fine mesh screens. Fines (low gravity solids) to be removed by the centrifuge system, if
installed. Cuttings will be gravity fed into a cuttings chute or to a conveyor system and thereafter to
a cuttings disposal system if applicable.
There shall be a distribution system to facilitate individual distribution to each shaker. The system
shall include the possibility for by-passing and dumping. It shall be possible to isolate each shaker
individually.
The mud return system shall collect clean mud from all shale shakers, and it is to be equipped with
required number of outlets to the mud treatment tanks. Adjustable gates for wave slapping/isolating
purposes and sample point for clean mud shall be included.
The shale shaker units shall include gas extraction/ventilation hoods to minimise gas/oil mist
entering the shaker room, and preferably include quick release arrangement for screen installation
and removal.
Shakers with variable speed, or dual motion, and variable screen angle should be considered for an
optimal versatility, and shaker screens of a wide range of mesh sizes should be available .
5.9.3.3 Fines Control
It is recommended to install equipment for removal of fines and weight material.
If centrifuges are installed, they shall be located with consideration of cuttings/fines/barite transport.
Centrifuges should be arranged such as to facilitate gravity feed of fines and weight material to the
cutting chute.
Two centrifuges with an adjustable speed for the bowl and screw are normally required, both shall
be capable of removing weighted material and fines. Access for sampling shall be provided.
A centrifuge system (centrifuge and feeding pumps) which is designed for total automatic as well as
manual operation should be considered.
5.9.3.4 Mud Tanks
The mud treatment tanks shall be completely covered and ventilated, with access for inspection and
maintenance.
All tanks shall be equipped with (minimum one) mud level sensors, process underflow and
overflow gate, and agitators necessary to prevent settling. Gravity feed from mud treatment tanks to
active/reserve mud system are recommended.
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5.9.3.5 De-gasser
The mud/gas separator system shall be designed to handle the maximum anticipated flow rates
likely to occur in the well. The degasser shall separate gas from the mud, and the vent shall be
routed to a safe area for gas discharge.
5.9.3.6 Maintenance and access
All required lifting- and special tools for maintenance shall be provided.
All equipment located in the shaker room shall be designed for minimum maintenance during
drilling, and provide easy access for shaker screen installation and removal. A separate rack for
spare screens shall be provided, in or close to the shaker room.
Ample access doors/hatches for removal/installation of major parts and replacement of shakers and
other main components must be available, and necessary lifting points, internal transport facilities
(normally monorails) of sufficient capacity shall be provided.
HP water cleaning and vacuum cleaning system with discharge to open/closed drain shall be
included.
5.9.3.7 Control System
The equipment and control system shall be arranged such as to minimise manual operation.
The mud treatment equipment shall as a minimum have start/stop controls and running indication
for shale shakers in drillers cabin as well as locally.
The treatment system shall be operated from a control station. The control station may be located by
the shakers, or in a separate office/cabin with direct or CCTV view of the shakers.
A combined control room, sound proofed and ergonomically laid out shall be arranged for cement
and mud system operations.
Special requirements for MODUs: The effect of rig motion shall be taken into consideration when
designing the mud distribution system to the shaker.
5.10

Well Control Systems

5.10.1 General
This paragraph describes the mechanical well control and associated equipment and systems . The
well control system shall comprise the following equipment:

BOPs - single or dual BOP system as required


Choke & kill system
Diverter system
Riser system
Wellhead connectors
Test stumps(s)
Control systems

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The BOP system shall furthermore be connected to a choke manifold system and a suitable diverter
system, where applicable.
Special Requirements for MODUs: During drilling with the Blow Out Preventer located on the
seabed, the following equipment and systems shall be incorporated:
Diverter system
Marine riser system with kill, choke and booster lines
Kill and choke lines from the BOP stack to be routed to the surface located kill/choke manifold
system.
5.10.2 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference chapter 4.6
5.10.3

Functional Requirements

5.10.3.1 Blow Out Preventer (BOP)


The BOP system shall as a minimum consist of:
One (1) annular preventer
One (1) shear ram preventer
Two (2) pipe ram preventers
Minimum one (1) Choke Line outlet
Minimum one (1) Kill Line outlet
One (1) wellhead coupling or connector
Minimum two manual gate valves
Minimum two remote hydraulic operated gate valves
Above valve arrangement applies to fixed installations where the BOP is readily accessible.
The internal diameter and pressure rating of the BOP components are to be specified to suit the
intended purpose and capacity of the installation.
Consideration shall be given to H2S protection on complete system.
Consideration shall be given to line ring gasket grooves with stainless steel or alternative inlay for
H2S protection.
The pipe rams shall be dimensioned to suit the actual tubular string.
The shear ram shall be capable of shearing the pipe body of the highest grade drillpipe in use, as
well as closing off the wellbore.
Shear and pipe ram preventers shall be fitted with a mechanical locking device in closed position.
Exposed parts of the well control system shall to necessary degree be protected to withstand heat in
connection with fires.
Testing of the BOP stack and system shall be possible in a safe and efficient manner on dedicated
test stump(s).

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The layout and arrangement of the BOP storage area shall give due consideration to safety and
working environment during operation and maintenance work.
Access in connection with operation and maintenance shall be catered for by suitable and safe
access from deck or installed work platforms.
Suitable BOP handling equipment shall be installed.
The position of the choke and kill line outlets should be arranged so that circulation for well control
can be carried out with the drill string suspended in the BOP and the shear ram closed.
Subsea BOPs for MODUs normally comprise of three main components:
Wellhead connector
BOP stack
LMRP
The LMRP shall be connected to the BOP stack by means of a remotely controlled hydraulic
connector.
The LMRP shall incorporate the disconnectable choke- and kill stabs and the pods for the BOP
Control System.
Testing of BOPs at the surface shall be possible with both BOP and LMRP connected.
Each of the Choke and Kill outlets on the BOP stack shall be fitted with two gate valves arranged in
series and installed close to the BOP. The valves shall be protected against damage from external
loads. One choke outlet should be located below upper annular in order to handle trapped gas
All of the gate valves shall be hydraulically operated and of remote control type. The valves shall be
of the "fail-safe" closing type, and shall be capable of closing under dynamic flow conditions.
The wellhead connector shall be hydraulically operated, and be remotely controlled.
For DP operated vessels dual shear rams should be given due consideration.
5.10.3.2 Choke and Kill System
The choke manifold shall as a minimum include:
3 chokes
Minimum one shall allow for remote control, and minimum one for manual operation
Operation of a remote controlled chokes shall take place from a suitable panel, which shall at least
indicate:

Drillstring pressure
Choke manifold pressure
Choke position indicators
Volume pumped
Drilling fluid pump rate

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In the case of manually operated chokes, the drillstring pressure and the choke manifold pressure
shall be displayed on or close to the manifold.
The manifold should also be fitted with a connection facility for an optional pressure gauge with
low increment readings.
Lines/hoses between the BOP stack and the choke manifold system shall, together with their
connections and valves on the high pressure side of the choke manifold, as a minimum have the
same working pressure rating as the BOP stack.
The choke manifold layout shall enable isolation of individual chokes for repair/service while choke
manifold is in operation.
The choke manifold shall furthermore be fitted with a valve on each of the outlet/inlet pipes, so that
lines to and from the manifold can be isolated.
Where high pressure/low pressure zones interfaces in the manifold system, two valves arranged in
series shall be installed.
Manifolds for 345 bar pressure rating or higher shall be equipped with at least two valves before
each of the chokes. The working pressure of the valves shall refer to the maximum working pressure
of the choke manifold.
A fixed piping arrangement shall in addition be connected to the burner booms and/or diverter lines
from discharge outlets on the choke manifold, if applicable.
If a burner head is connected to the air system of the installation, a non-return valve shall be fitted,
to prevent oil or gas ingress in the air system. A closed air system for burners to be considered.
The burner(s) and boom(s) shall be equipped with a sufficient cooling and heat shielding system to
prevent damage to the installation.
It shall be possible to ignite the burner(s) from a remote control facility.
The choke and kill manifold shall be connected to a mud gas separator of sufficient capacity. The
vent gases to an atmospheric mud/gas separator shall be conducted to at least 4 m above the top of
the derrick/ hoisting structure or to another safe area. The atmospheric mud/gas separator and
ventline shall be designed to withstand the pressure from 2,2 S.G. mud to the top of the ventline.
Ventline shall be minimum 254 mm (10") diameter.
For installations intended for HPHT operations, the choke manifold shall also be equipped with a
minimum 127 mm (5) overboard ventline, and the mud/gas separator shall have a liquid seal of at
least 6 m.
It shall be possible to interconnect a minimum of one outlet from the choke manifold, and an outlet
from the cement unit to the drilling fluid standpipe manifold .
Any connection from the cement manifold to either the choke manifold of standpipe manifold, shall
have a quick removable spool. A valve is not sufficient to ensure positive isolation.
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The layout and design of choke manifold system shall be given due consideration to accessibility in
order to enhance safety and working conditions during maintenance.
Required lifting points and work platforms shall be incorporated for operations and maintenance.
5.10.3.3 Diverter System
The diverter system shall include as follows (if applicable):

Diverter housing
Element
Inserts
Piping arrangement

The diverter shall have a suitable diverter piping arrangement leading to opposite sides of the
installation.
The diverter housing shall normally incorporate:
Hydraulic lockdown system for diverter element and inserts
Flowline arrangement for mud returns to treatment equipment and mud tanks, and flowline slope
shall be minimum 3 degrees (5-6 degrees on MODUS)
Fill-up line
The diverter system shall as a minimum be remotely operable from drillers position and main BOP
control unit, and be able to close around relevant drillstring dimensions.
A trip tank system of two tanks shall be provided. Two level controls with drill floor operated
interlock valves between tanks.
5.10.3.4 Riser System
Drilling risers will normally include one or more of the following:
High Pressure Riser
Low Pressure Riser
High pressure risers shall as a minimum have the same pressure rating and have the same internal
diameter as the relevant BOP.
Low pressure risers shall as a minimum have the same pressure rating as the diverter system, and as
a minimum have the same internal diameter as the relevant BOP.

Marine Risers for MODUs shall include:


Marine Riser
Telescopic Joint
Flexible Joints
Gas handler located below telescopic joint in deep water wells

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D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

High pressure risers shall be designed for maximum anticipated pressure, and internal diameter as
the relevant BOP.
Marine risers shall be of minimum same internal diameter as the BOP stack plus sufficient radial
clearance for running tools in max. anticipated weather conditions.
For units of considerable water depth, the capacity of booster line, dump valve and early kick
detection device should also be considered.
Marine risers shall as a minimum have the same pressure rating and have the same internal diameter
as the BOP stack, and of sufficient tensile load rating to withstand the tension applied by the riser
tensioners in accordance with the water depth capacity of the actual unit.
Marine riser sections shall have choke and kill line extensions with quick stab connectors
incorporated.
For water depth of more than 300 m a booster line shall also be included.
Flexible joints with minimum 10 deflection shall be installed at the top of the telescopic joint and
between the marine riser and LMRP.
5.10.3.5 Wellhead Connectors
Ref section 5.10.3.1 BOP
5.10.3.6 Test Stumps
BOP test stump(s) shall be available for testing purposes in the BOP storage area.
They shall be of required type and pressure rating to suit the wellhead connector on actual BOP
stack(s) and shall be fitted with valves and drain piping to slop tanks.
5.10.3.7 BOP Control System
This section describes the control system required for remote control of the BOP stack on fixed and
mobile installations.
The control system shall consist of the following:
Control panels which clearly indicates (e.g. by means of lights for remote panel) whether the
functions are in open or closed position. Furthermore it shall indicate pressures (accumulator and
manifold) and volume (flow meter reading) for the functions and operations performed.
The control panels shall be equipped with a securing device against unintentional operation of
essential functions (e.g. shear ram, riser connection).
The panels to be equipped with alarms for:
Low accumulator pressure
Loss of power supply
Low levels of control fluid
The operation of the BOP system, including wellhead connection, where applicable, shall be
possible from the main BOP accumulator unit, and from the drillfloor. The control panels shall
NORSOK standard

Page 32 of 42

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

be independently connected to the main BOP accumulator unit. All functions shall be operated
independently from both the main BOP accumulator unit and remote panel on the drillfloor.
The main BOP accumulator unit shall be located in a safe area in order to avoid exposure in the
event of an uncontrolled well situation. Normally this will entail that the main BOP accumulator
unit cannot be located on the drillfloor.
Maximum response time when the BOP is located on a surface installation is 30 seconds. (In the
case of annular preventers exceeding 20", a response time of up to 45 seconds is acceptable).
Response time refers to the time it takes from the closing function is activated from the panel,
until the BOP function is in closed position.
The accumulator capacity for operating a BOP stack with associated systems shall have as a
minimum sufficient volumetric capacity to close, open and close all the installed BOP functions,
plus 25 per cent of the volume for one closing operation for each one of the said BOP rams.
As a minimum for dimensioning total accumulator volumes and capacities, Isotherm / Adiabatic
(Slow charge / fast operation) shall be included.
Accumulators shall have sufficient pressure capacity to enable cutting of the relevant drillstring.
There shall be sufficient remaining accumulator pressure to enable cutting of the drillstring after
having used a volume corresponding to as follows:
Closing and opening of one annular preventer;
Closing, Opening and Closing of one pipe ram preventer.
Alternatively a dedicated shear ram auxiliary pressure system ( Shear boost system ) may be
installed to meet the minimum requirements to cut the drillstring if the remaining accumulator
pressure is not sufficient to enable cutting after having performed operations as described above.
5.10.3.8 Special requirements for MODUs
With regard to floating offshore units with BOP located on the sea bed, there shall in addition be
sufficient remaining pressure to enable the LMRP to be disconnected after completion of cutting the
drillstring.
Pressure regulators in the system shall remain unaffected in the event of loss of power supply, e.g.
loss of compressed air.
1)
When calculating accumulator capacity for sub-sea BOPs, corrections shall be made for
hydrostatic pressure of the relevant sea water column, as well as for sea temperature.
2)
Maximum response time for closing of BOP when located on the seabed, can be up to 45
seconds. Response time refers to the time it takes from the closing function is activated from the
panel, until the BOP function is in closed position.
3)
When drilling with the BOP system installed on the seabed, an acoustic or an alternative
control system shall in addition be installed.
This system shall as a minimum be able to operate:
NORSOK standard

Page 33 of 42

Pag

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

Pipe ram preventers


Shear ram preventer
Marine Riser Connector
The accumulators for this system shall have sufficient capacity for closing off:
Two (2 ea.) pipe ram preventers
One (1) shear ram preventer
Opening of the riser connector
Plus 50 %.
The necessary loading pressure for the operation depth in question shall be used as basis for
calculating the capacity.
The acoustic accumulators shall have sufficient pressure for cutting the drillstring, after having
closed a pipe ram preventer.
In addition, the pressure shall be sufficient to carry out disconnection of the LMRP after cutting of
the drillstring has been completed.
A portable unit (which can be handled by one person) shall be available for operation of the above
mentioned functions in the event of evacuation from the platform;
5.11

Cementing System

5.11.1 General
This clause describes the equipment for the mixing and pumping of cement slurries used in the
formation of well bores, pressure testing of well head equipment and well control.
The system should normally comprise of the following main items:

Cement pumps
Transmissions
Prime movers (diesel or electric)
Mixing unit
Liquid additive proportioning and storage system
Emergency start system
Environmentally controlled and safe work area for operator
Tank, dry cement
Manifold and valves with a minimum of two outlets (high pressure)
Pop-off valves
Centrifugal pumps
Diesel day tank
Data Acquisition and transfer system for critical data
Remote control during pressure testing of equipment

5.11.2 Process/Ambient Conditions


Reference chapter 4.6

NORSOK standard

Page 34 of 42

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

5.11.3 Functional Requirements


The cementing system shall be designed for normal mixing and pumping of cement slurries,
pressure testing, well circulation, well killing and bullheading operations for intermittent services.
On installations where diesel driven cementing unit is classified as emergency circulating pump for
well control, mud supply shall be provided for during platform main power failure. On installations
where electric driven cementing unit is classified as emergency circulating pump for well control,
alternative power source for cementing unit and mud supply for same, shall be provided for.
The operation of necessary functions shall take place from a suitable control facility at a safe
distance from the high pressure equipment. Examples of necessary functions may be; gears/velocity,
stop/start and opening and closing of necessary valves.
The cement unit shall be connected to a data registration unit, measuring and recording the
following data during mixing and pumping.
Specific gravity
Pump pressure
Pump rates
Cumulative volume pumped
The cement unit shall be located with emphasis on easy access for operation, maintenance and
provision for change out of engine, transmission, pump parts and entire unit.
Mounting shall meet requirements to minimise transfer of vibration to surrounding structures and be
capable of restraining the unit in order to meet local area movement specification.
The manufacturer of the equipment shall provide detailed utility requirements.
Minimum requirements:

fresh water
mud
electrical power supply
instrument air
heating for environment
cement
high pressure service lines to rig floor and wellhead area

5.12

salt water
contaminated drains
rig air
diesel oil
base oil

Drilling Instrumentation

5.12.1 General
This clause describes functional, performance and operational requirements for the surface DIP
performing measurement and monitoring of drilling and well activities
The DIP should be able to provide an efficient means of monitoring drilling and well operations and
activities.
Whilst this description is intended to be used for the provision of an instrumentation package to the
drillfloor, the same requirements should apply for all sub-systems (e.g. mud room, cement unit).
Reference to Annex B for abbreviations of each drilling parameter.
NORSOK standard

Page 35 of 42

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Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

5.12.2 Product/Services
The DIP shall monitor and log parameters related to drilling and well activities. The system shall in
addition be designed to handle alarms, status and hours in operation for equipment as required in
NORSOK standards or recommendations from equipment suppliers. The DIP shall be designed to
interface with all required drilling control systems and relevant rig control systems (e.g dynamic
positioning, heave, weather data, etc.).
5.12.3

Functional Requirements

5.12.3.1 General
The MMI shall be designed in a user friendly way, with consistent use of presentation and
interaction methods. The working environment shall be in accordance with NORSOK standard-002
There shall be one dedicated display for each drilling related operation, e.g. (drilling, tripping in,
tripping out etc.). Alarm presentation shall not interfere with the display of process data.
The system shall continuously monitor all relevant volumes above and below the surface,
compensated for string/casing/liner volumes/displacement and heave, and produce parameters like
lag depth, circulation information, string compensated gain/loss during tripping, etc.
Expandability shall ensure that the DIP can be used as the main monitoring system for drilling
related parameters (e.g. machinery and process).
Prior to presenting and logging data, data shall be validated and quality checked.
Time based data logged shall be available online for three days.
For depth based data logged, the three last wells shall be available online.
Older data shall be available on off-line storage media, if required. Off-line historical data shall be
easily restorable to the system.
When a systematic error or error condition (e.g. change or bit depth due to incorrect tally)
necessitates editing of data, data recorded to the point of error shall not be overwritten.
The alarm system shall warn and guide the operator in the event of hazardous events. Every alarm
shall be distinct and self-explanatory. The alarm system should not be used for showing statuses and
messages.
Alarms shall be grouped according to which package that initiates them(e.g. all alarms related to the
top drive shall be contained in its own alarm group.)
It shall be possible to auto-inhibit alarms or alarm groups according to the operations being
performed. Manual inhibits of individual alarms or alarm groups shall also be possible. The system
shall clearly identify inhibited alarms. The auto inhibit philosophy and detailed description shall be
clearly defined during the design phase of the project.
Multiple alarms occurring at the same time shall be avoided (e.g. by defining alarm sequences and
dependencies between alarms). A historical alarm log shall exist for a minimum of 15 days where
all alarms and their change of status can be viewed. A print facility shall be available.

NORSOK standard

Page 36 of 42

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

System developments should migrate towards POSC standards as these become accepted by the
industry.
5.12.3.2 Maintenance Requirements
System design shall include diagnostics to identify faults in the entire instrument loop, including:
DDA/PLC
I/O module on local DDA/PLC
Signal (shorts, cable breaks) for parameters in Annex B
Sensor (dead, out of range) for parameters in Annex B
The parameters that are influenced by a fault, including calculated ones, shall be marked to notify
the operator.
5.12.3.3 Isolations and Sectioning
The different systems shall not be mixed within the same I/O card or be powered from the same
fuse. Duplicated I/Os shall have separate card and fusing.
There shall be segregation between the DIP and safety systems, i.e. fire and gas, shutdown systems,
BOP/choke control systems.
Critical instruments required for emergency drilling fluid circulation shall be designed to operate
independently of the control system.
5.12.3.4 Equipment/Schematic/Borderline
The DIP shall be computer based and shall include all sensors, data communication systems, data
storage and display units that are required. The package does not necessarily have to be only one
system. Where the package comprises more than one system, integration should be transparent to
users.
Reference Annex A.
5.12.3.5 Performance
Annex B details the minimum parameter requirements for monitoring and logging of drilling and
well activities.
The SI system of units, ref. ISO 1000 - SI units and recommendations for the use of their multiples
of certain other units, shall be used for all logging. End user to select units for displays. See
parameter list in Annex B for preferred units.
Installed spare capacity of I/O shall be at least 20% at FAT for each signal type, completely wired to
field terminals and with space for additional hardware components. Spare capacity on computers,
data acquisition system, disk and memory shall be at least 50%.
Scan rate for the data acquisition system shall be sufficient to achieve all display/parameter
requirements as listed in Annex B.
Standard components and accepted industry standards should be used to the extent possible.

NORSOK standard

Page 37 of 42

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Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

Selection and detailed location of instrumentation should be carried out in close co-operation with
all involved parties (e.g. service companies, at the earliest possible stage of the design process).
5.12.4 Regularity
Reference clause 4.5
5.12.5 Process/Ambient Conditions
Reference clause 4.6
5.12.6 Layout Requirements
Example in Annex A.
5.12.7 Interface Requirements
Interface between DIP and other systems such as machinery and process control systems, as well as
dedicated field instrumentation, should preferably be of databus type. The databus should be
dedicated to handle only the necessary signals for the drilling and well activities. The databus shall
be of a recognised industry standard such as Profibus, Fieldbus Foundation, Modbus, Fip-world or
similar. For interchange of well and drill data, WITS or equivalent industry standard should be used.
Interface to others (offices, Rig Data System, etc.) and instrumentation system in Driller's Cabin or
Drilling Sub-systems should preferably be via Network. The Network should be of a recognised
industry standard such as Ethernet or similar.
Field instrumentation shall be selected and installed according to NORSOK standard I-001 and Z010 .
Attention should be paid to clarify the strategy of interface communication and select the convenient
data bus and data net in the design phase. The responsibility for the co-ordination of this interfacing
shall be delegated by the customer at the contract stage.
5.12.8 Testing and Commissioning Requirements
At FAT the DIP shall be tested as a complete system, with all subsystems integrated. Load and I/O
shall be simulated. During platform commissioning and start-up, the DIP should be utilised to verify
the sensor data.
Reference also to chapter 4.7

DOCUMENTATION

This requirement applies to planning, engineering, construction, installation, operation and


maintenance of drilling equipment and installations
Equipment considered to be of major significance to the safety of personnel, well integrity and
installations shall be separately documented.
The following equipment is, inter alia, considered to be comprised by this category: and shall be
presented according to NS 5820:

NORSOK standard

Page 38 of 42

Drilling facilities
a)
b)
c)
ca)
cb)
cc)
cd)
ce)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)
u)
v)
w)
x)

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

substructure for derrick


derrick with shackles, bolts etc.
lifting gear in derrick such as:
hoist draw-work
crown block
travelling block
hook
swivel
topdrive
elevator
kelly with kelly cock arrangement
running tools
heave compensator
BOP with choke manifold
marine riser with suspension arrangement
wellhead riser
drillstring
test string
casings
lifting equipment/crane for BOP
deadline anchor for drilling wire
wire
testing equipment with piping arrangement
burner boom
high pressure piping systems (e.g. in connection with mud and cement system)
pressure vessels

NORSOK standard

Page 39 of 42

Pag

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

ANNEX A: EXAMPLE SCHEMATIC FOR LAYOUT REQUIREMENTS (INFORMATIVE)

RIG BASED PERMANENT DATA STORAGE FACILITY (if present)


LOCAL CONTROL
ROOMS

EXTERNAL
OFFICES

DATA STORAGE
HISTORICAL DATA

DRILLFLOOR

CEMENT UNIT

FIELD
SENSORS
ref chapter 5.4

MWD
DATA DISPLAY
2 WAY DATA XFER
VDU INPUT
DIRECT READING OF FIELD SENSORS IF REQUIRED
XFER TO WHICHEVER
IS MAIN DATA GATHERING SYSTEM
VDU

SEPARATE READING (in addition to main VDU)

NORSOK standard

MUDLOGGING UNIT (if present)


DATA STORAGE
HISTORICAL DATA

Drilling facilities

D-001
Rev. 2, July 1998

ANNEX B: DRILLING PARAMETER REQUIREMENTS (NORMATIVE)


1

2
Data
Item
Type
1
Reference
2
Reference
3
Reference
4
Reference
5
Reference
6
Drilling
7
Drilling
8
Drilling
9
Drilling
10
Drilling
11
Drilling
12
Drilling
13
Mud
14
Mud
15
Mud
16
Mud
17
Mud
18
Mud
19
Mud
20
Mud
21
Mud
22
Mud
23
Mud
24
Mud
25
Mud
26
Mud
27 Formation
28
MWD
29
MWD
30
MWD
31
MWD
32
Cement
33
Cement
34
Cement
35
Cement
36
Cement
37
Rig
38
Rig
39
Rig
40
Rig
41
Rig
42
Rig
43
Rig

PARAMETER
Well Name
Date
Time
Total Measured Depth
Bit Depth
Rate of Penetration
Block Position
Standpipe Pressure
Hookload
Weight on Bit
Rotary/Topdrive Speed
Rotary/Topdrive Torque
Pump Speed, per pump
Total Pump Speed
Total Pump Strokes
Mud Density In
Mud Density Out
Mud Flow In
Mud Flow Out
Volume for each Pit
Total Active Pit Volume
Total Pit Volume
Gain/Loss Flow
Gain/Loss Trip Tank Volume
Gain/Loss Active Volume
Trip Tank Volume
Total Gas from gas trap
Hole Inclination
Hole Azimuth
Toolface
True Vertical Depth
Cement Pump Pressure
Cement Flow In
Cement Density
Cement Pump Strokes, Total
Cement Volume Pumped
Cathead Tong Torque
Casing Make-up Torque
Casing Make-up Speed
Rig Heave
Compensator Movement
Ton-Km Drawworks
Ton-Km Riser Tensioner

ABBR.
WELL
DATE
TIME
TD
BMD
ROP
BPOS
SPP
HKLD
WOB
SRPM
STOR
PSPM
SPM
TSTK
MDI
MDO
MFLI
MFLO
PVOL
TACT
TVOL
FLGL
TTGL
AVGL
TTVO
TGAS
INC
AZI
TF
TVD
CPPR
CFLI
CDEN
CSTK
CVOL
CATT
CSGT
CSGS
HEAV
COMP
DTON
RTON

Remarks

NORSOK standard

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Separate
Redundant Extra for Historical Visible Audible Meas./
SI
Display Requirements
Meas. Syst.
VDU Reading (10) Sensors (2) Floater
Storage Alarm Alarm Calc. Units (4) Prefrd. Units
Min
Max
Resolution Accuracy (6)
V
H
V
H
C
yyyy:mm:dd
V
H
M
hh:mm:ss 00:00:00 23:59:59 00:00:01
1 sec/day
V
H
C
m
m
0
15000
0,05
H
C
m
m
0
15000
0,05
V
H
C
m/sec
m/hr
0
500
0,1
V
S
H
VA
AA
M
m
m
0
40
0,05
0,02
V
S
R
H
VA (3)
M
Pa
bar
0
420
1
0,25%
V
S
R
H
M
N
kN
0
6000
5
1,0%
V
S
H
C
N
kN
0
100
0,5
-1
rpm
0
200
1
0,5%
V
S
H
M
min
V
S
H
M
N-m
kN-m
0
100
0,5
1,0%
V
S
M
Hz
spm
0
150
1
0,5%
V
H
C
Hz
spm
0
600
1
V
S
VA
AA
C
stk
stk
0
1
V
H
M
kg/m3
sg
0,5
2,5
0,01
2,0%
V
H
M
kg/m3
sg
0,5
2,5
0,01
2,0%
V
S
H
C
m3/s
lpm
0
4500
5
V
S
R
H
M
m3/s
lpm
0
4500
10
5,0%
V
R
H
M
m3
m3
0
(5)
0,1
1,0%
V
H
C
m3
m3
0
(5)
0,1
V
C
m3
m3
0
(5)
0,1
V
H
VA
AA
C
%
%
-100
+100
1
V
S
H
VA
AA
C
m3
m3
(5)
(5)
0,02
V
H
VA
AA
C
m3
m3
(5)
(5)
0,1
V
S
R
H
VA
AA
M
m3
m3
0
10
0,02
0,5%
V
S
H
VA
AA
M
%
%
0
100
0,1
0,1%
V
H
M
radians
deg
0
180
0,02
0,02
V
H
M
radians
deg
0
360
0,02
(7)
V
H
M
radians
deg
0
360
0,02
(7)
V
H
C
m
m
0
9000
0,05
V
S (1)
H
M
Pa
bar
0
700
1
0,25%
V
S (1)
H
C
m3/s
lpm
0
3000
1
V
S (1)
H
M
kg/m3
sg
0,5
2,5
0,01
1,0%
V
S (1)
H
M
stk
stk
0
1
1,0%
V
S (1)
H
C
m3
m3
0
20
0,02
V
S
M
N-m
kN-m
0
200
1
2,0%
V
S
M
N-m
kN-m
0
50
0,2
1,0%
V
S
M
rpm
rpm
0
100
1
1,0%
V
F
M
m
m
-10
+10
0,05
5,0%
V
F
M
m
m
-5
+5
0,05
2,0%
V
C
Joules
ton-km
0
99999
1
V
F
C
Joules
ton-km
0
99999
1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

Ref separate requirements for cement contractor


Different type to main sensors; with deviation alarm
Ref. D-SR-001, 5.7
Basic data storage to be in SI units
Depends on tank volume

(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)

19
20
Display Update Data Value
Rate, secs (8) Displayed (9)
Actual
1/day
Actual
1
Actual
5
Max
5
Actual
5
Ave/Max
5
Ave
5
Ave/Max
1
Min/Ave/Max
5
Min/Ave/Max
1
Ave/Max
1
Ave/Max
10
Ave/Max
10
Ave/Max
20
Actual
30
Ave
30
Ave
10
Ave
5
Ave
5
Ave
5
Ave
10
Ave
5
Ave
5
Ave
5
Ave
5
Actual
5
Ave/Max
each new meas
Actual
each new meas
Actual
each new meas
Actual
10
Actual
5
Min/Ave/Max
5
Min/Ave/Max
20
Ave/Max
1
Actual
10
Actual
each new meas
Max.
0,1 (11)
Cross plot
0,1 (11)
Cross plot
5
Ave.
5
Ave.
60
Actual
60
Actual

21
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

Default is SI units
Depends on hole inclination
Sensor scan rate shall be fast enough to provide usable data
Vendor selectable combination of Act/Min/Ave/Max values measured during display update period
Separate reading can be as part of e.g. BOP panel or equivalent
Data storage resolution for production of cross plots

Page 41 of 42

Drilling facilities

ANNEX C - DATA SHEET (NORMATIVE)


DDS-001

Rev. 1

NORSOK standard

July 1998

Drilling facilities

Page 42 of 42

DATA SHEET
DRILLING FACILITIES
DDS-001
Rev. 1
July 1998

Operator:
Project:
Document No:
Date & Revision:

System/Equipment

Norsok I

Norsok II

Module size maximum


LxWxH
Module weight maximum
MT
Derrick/Mast /Hoisting Structure/Hoisting
equipment minimum static capacity:
Minimun setback capacity
Rotary table loading

4450 kN
3150 kN
4450 kN

5785 kN
4706 kN
5785 kN

Workshops requirement to be defined


Office sizes are proposed as follows
One desk:
Two desks:

8 m2
12-16 m2

8 m2
12-16 m2

2,2 SG
PV = 100 mPas
Min. 50C
All

2,2 SG
PV = 100 mPas
Min. 50C
All

0,80 - 1,60 SG
90% < 250 micron
PV < 100 mPas

0,80 - 1,60 SG
90% < 250
micron
PV < 100 mPas

4450 kN

5785 kN

3150 kN

4706 kN

NORSOK Classification selected

General

Process Conditions
Mud properties
Density:
Viscosity:
Return temperature:
Mud types:
Injection slurry properties (if applicable)
Density:
Grain size:
Viscosity:

Structures
Derrick/Mast /Hoisting Structure and
hoisting equipment minimum capacity
Minimum setback capacity

Page 1 of 7

Other

Rotary Table load rating


Conductor tensioners max load rating
(if applicable)
BOP Handling Equipment max load
rating
Padeyes/hangoff points for travelling
assemblies, min. SWL capacity
Padeyes/hangoff points for rig tongs, work
winches etc., min. SWL capacity

4450 kN
kN

5785 kN
kN

kN

kN

490 kN

490 kN

245 kN

245 kN

Lifting height

MODUs Special requirements


Marine riser tensioners maximum combined design load
Minimum marine riser tensioner:
Individual tensioner capacity:
Tensioner stroke length:
Guideline Tensioner maximum combined design load
Minimum pod and guideline tensioner:
Individual tensioner capacity:
Tensioner active work length:

kN

350 kN
12,2 m (40 ft)
kN

Minimum Drill String Compensator:


Load capacity
Stroke length
Telescopic joint minimum stroke length

kN

350 kN
12,2 m (40 ft)
kN

75 kN
12,2 m (40 ft)

75 kN
12,2 m (40 ft)

1900 kN
(200 mt)
7,6 m (25 ft)
12,2 m (40 ft)

1900 kN
(200 mt)
7,6 m (25 ft)
12,2 m (40 ft)

1500 kW

2250 kW

4450 kN
1 m/s
4450 kN
160 rpm

5785 kN
1 m/s
5785 kN
160 rpm

45 kNm
100 kNm
80 kNm
120 rpm

80 kNm
100 kNm
80 kNm
160 rpm

Hoisting and Rotary Systems


Minimum Drawwork power, or
equivivalent power for hydraulic hoisting
systems
Lifting capacity
[kN]
Lifting speed minimum
Topdrive minimum load rating
Topdrive max rpm at max cont. torque minimum
Topdrive max continous torque minimum
Topdrive breakout torque - min
Topdrive makeup torque - min
Topdrive/rotary speed at max. continous
torque

Page 2 of 7

Topdrive/rotary min. speed at max. torque


Topdrive/swivel max. speed
Topdrive/swivel pressure rating
Rotary Table minimum internal diameter

10 rpm
180 rpm
34,5 MPa
0,9525 m (37,5)

Rotary Table minimum load rating


Rotary Table - max rpm, minimum
Rotary Table max torque - minimum
Lifting height to be defined.

4450 kN
rpm
Nm
m

10 rpm
240 rpm
51,7 MPa
1,2573 m
(49,5)
5785 kN
rpm
Nm
m

Pipehandling Systems
Vertical Pipehandling System:
Fingerboard capacity 5 or 5 drillpipe
Fingerboard capacity 6 5/8 drillpipe
Fingerboard capacity 6 drillcollar
Fingerboard capacity 8 drillcollar
Fingerboard capacity 9 drillcollar
Total no. of stands proposed minimum
Lifting capacity - minimum
Minumum average drillpipe tripping speed

120 stands
100 stands
9 stands
9 stands
9 stands
238 stands
95 kN
60 stands /h

Horisontal Pipehandling System(s).


Tubular range handling capacity.
Lifting capacity - minimum
Handling capacity tubulars per hour, min:
30
20
13 3/8
9 5/8
7 or smaller
Iron Roughneck minimum tubular range
Iron Roughneck Make-up torque - min
Iron Roughneck Break-out torque - min

190 stands
130 stands
9 stands

9 stands
9 stands
338 stands
95 kN
60 stands /h

2 7/8 30
60 kN

2 7/8 30
60 kN

5
10
25
35
45

5
10
25
35
45

3 9
80 kNm
100 kNm

3 9
80 kNm
100 kNm

30 kN
1,5 kN

30 kN
1,5 kN

Associated Equipment
Min. capacities unless otherwise specified:
Work winches
Manrider winches

Page 3 of 7

Bulk Systems
Bulk transfer from boat cement,
barite/bentonite
Bulk transfer to surge tank cement and
barite/bentonite
Bulk storage tank capacity:
cement
barite/bentonite
Barite weight (bulk material)
Bentonite weight (bulk material)
Cement (bulk material)
Minimum design pressure

80 mt/h

80 mt/h

100 mt/h

100 mt/h

120 m3
180 m3
2,16 ton/m3
0,96 ton/m3
1,4 ton/m3
0,55 MPa (5,5
barg)
- 20 C
- 40 C

180 m3
240 m3
2,16 ton/m3
0,96 ton/m3
1,4 ton/m3
0,55 MPa (5,5
barg)
- 20 C
- 40 C

250 m3
400 m3

300 m3
500 m3

30 m3
20 m3
40 m3
5 x. 60 m3
2 x 15 m3
380 m3

40 m3
20 m3
60 m3
5 x 75 m3
2 x 15 m3
600m3

350 m3

450 m3

Completion fluid system


Brine storage tank (if applicable)

380 m3

600 m3

Additional system
Cutting slurry tank (if applicable)
Drain tank
Mud mix/transfer pump

60 m3
40 m3
220 m3/h

60 m3
40 m3
220 m3/h

Dew point bulk air


Dew point bulk air, rigs operating under
arctic conditions

Mud Mixing and Storage System


Min. capacities unless otherwise noted:
Base fluid system
Base oil storage tank (if applicable)
Drill water
Primary mud system
a) Mud mixing tanks
b) Chemical mixing tank
c) Mud suction tank
d) Mud Storage Tanks
e) Pill/slug tanks
Total volume: a)-e):
Secondary mud system
Mineral/synthetic oil based mud storage
tank (if applicable)

Page 4 of 7

Chemical dosing system


Feed rate dry powder
Feed rate liquid

0,05 1,5m3/h
0,1 2,0 m3/h

0,05 1,5m3/h
0,1 2,0 m3/h

15 t/h
45 t/h

15 t/h
45 t/h

220 m3/h
45 t/h barite

220 m3/h
45 t/h barite

220 m3/h
120 t/h barite

220 m3/h
120 t/h barite

2
300 m3/h at
260 bar

2
420 m3/h at
345 bar

345 bar
210 m3/h

517 bar
300 m3/h

Max Well return rate


Minimum shaker capacity
Degasser capacity
Desander(s) number and capacity optional
Desilter(s) number and capacity optional
Centrifuge capacity (at 2.000 G and 1,5 SG)
Treatment tank volume, per tank

320 m3/h
320 m3/h
320 m3/h

450 m3/h
450 m3/h
450 m3/h

20 m3/h
2-5 m3

20 m3/h
2-5 m3

Cuttings disposal system, average cap., if


installed
Cuttings disposal system, max cap., if
installed
Flow dimension
Flow capacities and screen size for typical
hole sections:
17,5 section (mesh 60)
12,25 section (mesh 100)
8,5 section (mesh 150)
Completion fluids (mesh 200)

10 m3/h

10 m3/h

20 m3/h

20 m3/h

16

16

320 m3/h
210 m3/h
135 m3/h
190 m3/h

450 m3/h
300 m3/h
150 m3/h
190 m3/h

Bulk dosing system


Feed rate bentonite
Feed rate barite
Mud mixer
Liquid
Powder
High rate mixer (if required)
Liquid
Powder

High Pressure Mud System


Min. number of HP and supercharge pumps
Design flowrate at given pressure:
(Continuous output at 85% of max.
capacity)
Max. operating pressure
Required flow rate at max. oper. pres.
(continuous output)

Mud Treatment Systems

Gumbo trap - optional


Page 5 of 7

Cuttings collecting system - optional


Cuttings weighing system - optional
Contaminated Drain/Injection system optional

Well Control Systems


Well Control Equipment Pressure rating minimum
BOP internal diameter - optional
No of Rams - minimum
Ram sizes - optional
No of Annular Preventer(s) - minimum
Annular Preventer(s) internal diameter as
for BOP
Annular Preventer pressure rating minimum
No of Choke/Kill outlets - minimum
Choke/kill valves pressure rating - min.
Trip tank capacity min
Trip tank pump capacity
Accuracy of volume variation measurement

345 barg

690 barg

210 barg

345 barg

2
345 barg
2 x 5 m3
100 m3/h
0,05 m3

2
690 barg
2 x 5 m3
100 m3/h
0,05 m3

35 bar
12" (305 mm)
14" (355 mm)

35 bar
12" (305 mm)
14" (355 mm)

Hydraulic Power (kW)

375

600

Max. Working Pressure (bar)

690

1035

28,6 m3/h
14,3 m3/h
N/A

40,2 m3/h
20,1 m3/h
13,4 m3/h

34,3m3/h
17,5 m3/h
N/A

45,0 m3/h
24,0 m3/h
14,0 m3/h

Diverter
Minimum pressure rating
Minimum diverter line size
Minimum flowline size

Cementing Systems

Number of pumps
Max. continous flowrate at:
345 barg
690 barg
1035 barg
Max. intermittent, (120 minutes) flowrate
at:
345 Barg
690 Barg
1035 Barg
Slurry Mixing Capacity:

Page 6 of 7

Max. bulk rate


Max. mix water rate
Max. S.G.
Mixing performance (Density)
Data Measurement
Emergency Starting (Diesel Engines)
Diesel Day Tank Capacity
Emergency circulation:
No. of pumps required (ie. 800 l/min at 203
barg)

1,8 mt/min
90 m3/h
2,5
1% of FS
1% of FS
6 attempts at
10 s periods
12 h at full load

1,8 mt/min
90 m3/h
2,5
1% of FS
1% of FS
6 attempts at
10 s periods
12 h at full load

Min. 1

Min. 1

Page 7 of 7