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PHYSICS

SAMPLE PAPERS

CLASS XI

Half Yearly Examination 2013-14


Physics

Date : 25-08-2013
Duration : 3 hrs.

(Theory)

Max. Marks : 70

CLASS
XI

General Instructions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

1.

All questions are compulsory.


Questions numbered 1 to 8 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each.
Questions numbered 9 to 18 are short answer questions and carry 2 marks each.
Questions numbered 19 to 27 are also short answer questions and carry 3 marks each.
Questions numbered 28 to 30 are long answer questions and carry 5 marks each.
Use of calculators is not allowed.

In P

a
V b constant, P and V refer to pressure and volume, while a and b
V2

are constants. Find the dimensions of a and b.


2.

A body moves with constant speed in a circle. Does it possess a constant or a


variable acceleration?

3.

Find the angle between the vectors ( 2i 3j 6k ) and ( 4i 6j 12k ).

4.

Distinguish between Distance and Displacement.

5.

At which point in the path of a projectile, is the velocity and acceleration


perpendicular to each other.

6.

Define one Steradian.

7.

If the percentage error in the measurement of radius and length of a cylinder


are 2% each, then find the percentage error in its surface area and Volume.

8.

Why do action and reaction forces cannot cancel each other?

9.

If acceleration a = k t, find the displacement in t second, considering the initial


velocity to be zero at the origin.

10. Find the component of i j along 2i - j .


2

11. If x = 6t and y = (8t + 6t ) represent the position of a projectile on the move, find
the angle and velocity of projection. Also find the time at which the velocity will
be along the X- axis only.
12. A car covers first half of the distance in a straight line with a speed of 40km/h
and the second half it covers with speed 60km/h and 80km/h for equal length.
Find the average velocity in the journey.

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13. What are the limitations of dimensional analysis.


14. If

a 2 b1/2
P 1/3 is to be calculated when the % error in a, b, c and d are 1%, 2%, 3%
c d

and 4% respectively, find the % error in P?

15. If the velocity of a car moving in a straight line is given by V= 4t 2 +5t +7, find
(i)
The displacement in 2 sec and
(ii)

Acceleration at t = 2

16. Why do we bank a curved track?


17. What is the significance of the following:
(i)

Area under Force displacement graph.

(ii)

Area under the Force time graph.

18. Give the location of the centre of mass of mass of a (i) sphere, (ii) cylinder, (iii)
ring, and (iv) cube, each of uniform mass density. Does the centre of mass of a
body necessarily lie inside the body?
19. If l = (2.0 0.1) cm and b = ( 12.3 0.2) cm are the length and breadth of a rectangle,
find the error involved in the measure of its (i) area (ii) Perimeter.
-2

20. A car accelerating with 5 ms along a straight high-way from rest begins to
deaccelerate after 20s and comes to rest in another 100m length. Calculate
(i)

the Maximum velocity

(ii)

Displacement in the straight line.

(iii) Draw velocity-time graph for the same.


21. From the top of a tower 100m height, a ball of mass 2kg is dropped. Prove that the
energy possessed at any point during the fall is 2000joule.
22. (i)

(ii)

If x = 3tn, prove that

d 2x
is independent of t for n <= 2
dt 2

Evaluate from x = 0 to x =/2, the integral of 2x3 + cos 2x

23. Four particles of mass m1 = 1kg, m2 = 2kg, m3 = 3kg, m4 = 4kg, are located at the
corners of a rectangle as shown in figure. Find the positon of centre of mass.
Y
m4

m3

b
m1

m2

24. Volume of water flowing through a capillary tube per second is dependent on the
pressure gradient (p/l), radius (r) and the coefficient of viscosity of the liquid.
Derive the relation.
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25. A ball is thrown up vertically with a speed of 25m/s. Simultaneously another ball
is dropped from a height of 130m with the same speed and in the same Vertical
line. When and where do they meet?
26. What is meant by elastic collision? Show that in case of two dimensional elastic
collision of two bodies of equal masses with one moving with a velocity v and the
other at rest, after the collision they will move at right angles.
27. Three masses 5Kg, 4Kg and 2Kg are at the vertices of an equilateral triangle of
side a with the 5Kg at the origin. Locate the centre of mass.
28.

What is the acceleration of the block and the trolley system


shown in fig, if the coefficient of kinetic friction between the
trolley and the surface is 0.04? What is the tension in the
2
string? Take g = 10 ms . Neglect the mass of the string.
OR

trolley
20 kg

3kg
30 N

Distinguish between uniform and non-uniform circular motion. Derive a relation


-2
of centripetal acceleration. For a body slowing down at the rate of 5 ms when its
1
velocity is 20ms in a circle of radius 2m, find the acceleration.
29. (a)
(b)

Proving that the path of a projectile is a parabola, find the time taken to
reach the maximum height.
Show that for two complementary angles of projection of a projectile thrown
with the same velocity, the horizontal ranges are equal.
OR

(a)

A mass is projected horizontally from a tower of height h with a velocity u.


As it traverses, prove that the path is a parabola.

(b)

If t is the time taken to reach the ground, find the velocity at a time t/2.

(c)

Find the velocity when it lands on the ground.

30. Derive the three equations of motion graphically or otherwise. Give the condition
under which the equations of motion are applicable.
OR
(a)

What is relative velocity? Write an expression for the same.

(b)

Rain is falling vertically with a speed of 30 ms . A woman rides a bicycle


1
with a speed of 10 ms in the north to south direction. What is the relative
velocity of rain with respect to the woman? What is the direction in which
she should hold her umbrella to protect herself from the rain?

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Hints/Solutions to Half Yearly Examination 2013-14


Physics

Date : 25-08-2013
Duration : 3 hrs.

(Theory)

Max. Marks : 70

1.

CLASS
XI

a
2 = [P]
V

[a] = [PV 2 ]
= [ML1T2][L3]2 = [ML5T2]
[b] = [V] =[L3]
2.
3.

It possesses variable acceleration.



A.B
cos
| A || B |
=1
180

4.

Distance is a scalar quantity whereas displacement is a vector quantity.


Displacement can be zero, positive or negative, whereas distance can never be
negative.

5.

At the topmost point of the projectile, velocity and acceleration are perpendicular
to each other.

6.

Solid angle subtended at the centre of a sphere by a surface of the sphere equal
in area to that of a square, having each side equal to the radius of the sphere.

7.

surface area

radius

Volume of cylinder = r h

V
2r h
100

100 6%
V
h
r
Surface area = 2rh

S
r h
100

100 4%
S
h
r
8.

Action and reaction forces donot cancel each other because they do not act on
the same body.

-(4)-

9.

a = kt
v=
v=

adt
ktdt

kt 2
c
v=
2
At t = 0, v = 0
So

k 02
c
0=
2

c=0
v=

kt 2
2

s = vdt
s=

kt 2
kt 3
dt
2
6

kt 3
6

10. Let a = ^
i ^
j

b = 2^
i

a .b

a .b

^
j

a projection of b on a

b projection of a on b

^
j .(2^
i -j^ ) 2^
i ^
j projection of a on b

(2 + 1) = 5 projection of a on b

3
Projection of a on b
5

^i

Component of (^
i j^ )

3 (2^
i j^ ) 3 ^ ^
^
^
(2
i

j
)

(2i j )
along
5
5
5

11. x = 6t
Velocity along x-axis vx =

dx
=6
dt

y = 8t + 6t2
Velocity along y-axis vy =
At

dy
= 8 + 12t
dt

t = 0,vx = 6 and vy = 8 + 12t = 8


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Velocity projection =

v x 2 vy 2

= 62 82
= 36 64 = 100 = 10 m/s
tan =

vy
vx
1

8 4
=
6 3

= tan

12. Average velocity

Vavg

13. (i)
(ii)

total displacement
total time taken

l l l

2
4 4

50.526 km / h
l
l
l

2 40 4 60 4 80

The method doesnt give any information about the dimensionless constant.
It fails to derive relationship which involve trignometric, logarithmic or
exponential function.

(iii) It fails when a physical quantity is the sum or difference of two or more
quantities.
14. % error in P = 2 (1%) +

1
1
(2%) +
(3%) + 1 (4%)
2
3

= 2 + 1 + 1 + 4 = 8%
15. (i)

4t 3 5t 2

s = vdt (4t 5t 7)dt =


+7t
3
2
2

=
(ii)

a=

32
+ 10 + 14 = 34.67 units
3
dv
d

(4t 2 5t 7)
dt dt

= 8t + 5 = 8 2 + 5 = 21 units
16. The component of the normal reaction can provide the necessary centripetal
force and thus reduce the dependence on coefficient of friction.
17. (i)

work done (ii) Impulse

18. (i)

Geometrical center

(ii)

Center of its axis

(iii) Center of ring


(iv)

Point of intersection of the diagonals

No, it is not necessary that center of mass of the body lies inside the body lies
inside the body.
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19. (i)

2
A

A
l b

=
A
l
b
A
0.1 0.2

=
24.6
2.0 12.3
A = 24.6 (0.05 + 0.01626)
A = 1.63 cm
(ii)

P=l+b+l+b
P = l + b + l + b= 0.1 + 0.2 + 0.1 + 0.2 = 0.6 cm.

20. (i)

Maximum velocity (vmax) = u + at


= 0 + 5 20 = 100 m/s

100 m/s

v = u + 2as

Velocity

(ii)

0 = (100) + 2a (100)
2a =

1002
100

2a = 100
a = 50 m/s

20s

Diplacement in acceleration,
s = ut +

1 2
1
at = 0 t +
5 202
2
2

t
Time

2s

= 1000 m
Total displacement = 1000 m + 100 m
= 1100 m
v = u + at
0 = 100 50 t
t=

100
= 2s
50

Hence, v t graph is as shown.


21. Let the ball drop through a distance x from the top.
At point P,
2

v = u + 2gx [u = 0]

A
x

v = 2gx
L = 100

1
1
K.E. at P = mv2 = m22gx = mgx
2
2
P.E. of P =mg (100 x)

O C
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Total Energy at P = mgx + mg (100 x)


=
=

100 mg
100 2 10 = 2000 J

This proves that energy at any point P is 2000 J.


22. (i)

x 3t n

dx
n 3t n 1
dt

d 2x
n (n 1)3t n 2
2
dt

d 2x
0 for n 2
dt 2

(ii)

4
32

23. r cm 0.5a i 0.7b j


C

p
24. V k r
l
a b

L3T 1 ML1T 1 L ML2T 2


b

volume
L3T 1
time
ML1T 1

M 0L3T 1 M a c La b 2cT a 2c
a = 1, b = 4, c = 1

kr 4 p
l

25. Thrown Up: X = 25 t gt

Dropped down: 130 x = 25t + gt


Solve to get, 130 = 50t t

130
Sec = 2.6 s and x = 31.2 m from ground
50

26. Write the law and as discussed in class the derivation of velocity of rocket may
be shown.
4kg
Y
27.

x cm

4a
,
11

ycm

2 3
a
11

5kg

Or
xcm

5a
,
11

ycm

3
a
11

28. a = 0.96 m/s2, T = 27.12 N

5kg

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2kg

2 kg

4kg

29. (i)

The horizontal distance covered by the body in time t is

x ut

x
u

The vertical distance travelled by the body in time t is given by

s ut

1 2
at
2
1 2 1 2
gt gt
2
2

or

y 0t

or

or

y kx 2

(ii)

2
2 t
v u u u g
2

[For vertical motion, u = 0]

t u

1 x
g
g 2 x2
2 u
2u

therefore, trajectory is parabola

2
x

2
y

(because at time = t/2, vy = 0 + gt/2)

(iii) v u 2 g 2t 2 .
OR
(a)

Do as discussed in class

(b)

Do as discussed in class

(c)

v2
Centripetal acceleration ac =
r
Tangential acceleration at = 5 m/s2
ac =

202
= 200 m/s2
2

anet = ac 2 at 2
=

2002 25 = 200.062 m/s2

30. Derive as discussed in class


OR
Define relative velocity.

Vertical

Here

OA v W velocity of woman cyclist

= 10 ms , due south

OB v R velocity of rain
= 30 ms1, vertically downward

OC vW

A vW
v W
N
O
10m/s 10m/s C

v RW v R v W
vR

= Opposite velocity of the woman cyclist.


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30m/ s

OD v R v W v RW

v RW OD OC 2 OB 2 102 302

10 10 31.6 ms 1
If OD makes angle with the vertical, then

tan

BD OC 10

0.3333 or
OB OB 30

1826'

The woman should hold her umbrella at 1826 ' with the vertical in the direciton
of her motion i.e., towards south.

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