Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 44

Wiki Loves Monuments: World's largest photography competition in Pakistan.

Photograph a monument, help Wikipedia and win!

List of state leaders in 2015


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also

List of state leaders in 2014

Events of 2015

State leaders by year

List of religious leaders in 2015

List of sovereign states in 2015

List of international organization leaders in 2015

List of colonial governors in 2015

List of foreign ministers in 2015

This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2015.
Contents
[hide]

1 Africa

2 Asia

3 Europe

4 North America

5 Oceania

6 South America

7 Footnotes

8 See also

9 External links

Africa[edit]

Algeria

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria (1999present)

Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal, Prime Minister of Algeria (2014


present)

Angola

Benin

President Yayi Boni, President of Benin (2006present)

Prime Minister Lionel Zinsou, Prime Minister of Benin (2015


present)

Botswana

President Ian Khama, President of Botswana (2008present)


Burkina Faso

President Michel Kafando, Interim president of Burkina Faso (2014


present)

Prime Minister Yacouba Isaac Zida, Acting Prime Minister of Burkina


Faso (2014present)

Burundi

President Jos Eduardo dos Santos, President of Angola (1979


present)

President Pierre Nkurunziza, President of Burundi (2005present)


Cameroon

President Paul Biya, President of Cameroon (1982present)

Prime Minister Philmon Yang, Prime Minister of Cameroon (2009


present)
Cape Verde

President Jorge Carlos Fonseca, President of Cape Verde (2011


present)

Prime Minister Jos Maria Neves, Prime Minister of Cape


Verde (2001present)

Central African Republic

Head of State Catherine Samba-Panza, Head of State of the


Transition of the Central African Republic (2014present)

Prime Minister Mahamat Kamoun, Prime Minister of the Central


African Republic (2014present)

Chad

President Idriss Dby, President of Chad (1990present)

Prime Minister Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet, Prime Minister of


Chad (2013present)

Comoros

President Ikililou Dhoinine, President of the Comoros (2011present)


CongoBrazzaville (Republic of the Congo)

President Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of the


Congo (1997present)
CongoKinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

President Joseph Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of


the Congo (2001present)

Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo, Prime Minister of the


Democratic Republic of the Congo (2012present)

Cte d'Ivoire

President Alassane Ouattara, President of Cte d'Ivoire (2010


present)

Prime Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan, Prime Minister of Cte


d'Ivoire (2012present)

Djibouti

President Ismal Omar Guelleh, President of Djibouti (1999present)

Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed, Prime Minister of


Djibouti (2013present)
Egypt

President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, President of Egypt (2014present)

Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab, Prime Minister of Egypt (2014


present)

Equatorial Guinea

President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of


Equatorial Guinea (1979present)

Prime Minister Vicente Ehate Tomi, Prime Minister of Equatorial


Guinea (2012present)

Eritrea

President Isaias Afewerki, President of Eritrea (1991present)[1]


Ethiopia

President Mulatu Teshome, President of Ethiopia (2013present)

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of


Ethiopia (2012present)

Gabon

President Ali Bongo Ondimba, President of Gabon (2009present)

Prime Minister Daniel Ona Ondo, Prime Minister of Gabon (2014


present)

The Gambia

President Yahya Jammeh, President of the Gambia (1994present)


Ghana

President John Dramani Mahama, President of Ghana (2012


present)
Guinea

President Alpha Cond, President of Guinea (2010present)

Prime Minister Mohamed Said Fofana, Prime Minister of


Guinea (2010present)
Guinea-Bissau

President Jos Mrio Vaz, President of Guinea-Bissau (2014


present)

Prime Minister

1.

Domingos Simes Pereira, Prime Minister of GuineaBissau (20142015)

2.

Baciro Dj, Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau (2015)

Kenya

President Uhuru Kenyatta, President of Kenya (2013present)


Lesotho

Monarch Letsie III, King of Lesotho (1996present)

Prime Minister

1.

Tom Thabane, Prime Minister of Lesotho (20122015)

2.

Pakalitha Mosisili, Prime Minister of Lesotho (2015present)

Liberia

President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia (2006present)


Libya

Head of State
1.

Nouri Abusahmain, Chairman of the New General National


Congress of Libya (20132014, co-claimant 2014present)

2.

Aguila Saleh Issa, Chairman of the House of Representatives of


Libya (co-claimant 2014present)

Prime Minister
1.

Abdullah al-Thani, Prime Minister of Libya (co-claimant 2014


present)
1.

Omar al-Hasi, Prime Minister of Libya (co-claimant 2014


2015)

2.

2.

Khalifa al-Ghawi, Acting Prime Minister of Libya (co-claimant


2015present)

Madagascar

Head of State Hery Rajaonarimampianina, President of


Madagascar (2014present)

Prime Minister

3.

1.

Roger Kolo, Prime Minister of Madagascar (20142015)

2.

Jean Ravelonarivo, Prime Minister of Madagascar (2015


present)

Malawi

4.

President Peter Mutharika, President of Malawi (2014present)


Mali

President Ibrahim Boubacar Keta, President of Mali (2013present)

Prime Minister

5.

1.

Moussa Mara, Prime Minister of Mali (20142015)

2.

Modibo Keita, Prime Minister of Mali (2015present)

Mauritania

President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, President of Mauritania (2009


present)

Prime Minister Yahya Ould Hademine, Prime Minister of


Mauritania (2014present)

6.

Mauritius

President
1.

Rajkeswur Purryag, President of Mauritius (20122015)

2.

Monique Ohsan-Bellepeau, Acting President of


Mauritius (2015)

3.

Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, President of Mauritius (2015


present)

Prime Minister Sir Anerood Jugnauth, Prime Minister of


Mauritius (2014present)

7.

Mayotte (French overseas collectivity)

Prefect Seymour Morsy, Prefect of Mayotte (2014present)

Head of the Government

8.

1.

Daniel Zadani, President of the General Council of


Mayotte (20112015)

2.

Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani, President of the


Departmental Council of Mayotte (2015present)

Morocco

Monarch Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999present)

Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane, Prime Minister of


Morocco (2011present)

Western Sahara (self-declared, partially recognised state)


1.

President Mohamed Abdelaziz, President of the Sahrawi Arab


Democratic Republic (1976present)

2.

Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Oumar, Prime Minister of the


Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (2003present)

Mozambique

2.

President
1.

Armando Guebuza, President of Mozambique (20052015)

2.

Filipe Nyusi, President of Mozambique (2015present)

Prime Minister
1.

Alberto Vaquina, Prime Minister of Mozambique (20122015)

2.

Carlos Agostinho do Rosrio, Prime Minister of


Mozambique (2015present)

Namibia

President
1.

Hifikepunye Pohamba, President of Namibia (20052015)

2.

Hage Geingob, President of Namibia (2015present)

3.

Hage Geingob, Prime Minister of Namibia (20122015)

2.

Saara Kuugongelwa, Prime Minister of Namibia (2015


present)

President Mahamadou Issoufou, President of Niger (2011present)

Prime Minister Brigi Rafini, Prime Minister of Niger (2011present)


Nigeria

5.

President
1.

Goodluck Jonathan, President of Nigeria (20102015)

2.

Muhammadu Buhari, President of Nigeria (2015present)

Rwanda

President Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda (2000present)

Prime Minister Anastase Murekezi, Prime Minister of


Rwanda (2014present)

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (British overseas


territory)

7.

Governor Mark Andrew Capes, Governor of Saint Helena (2011


present)
So Tom and Prncipe

President Manuel Pinto da Costa, President of So Tom and


Prncipe (2011present)

Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada, Prime Minister of So Tom and


Prncipe (2014present)

8.

9.

1.

Niger

4.

6.

Prime Minister

Senegal

President Macky Sall, President of Senegal (2012present)

Prime Minister Mohamed Dionne, Prime Minister of Senegal (2014


present)
Seychelles


10.

President James Michel, President of Seychelles (2004present)


Sierra Leone

11.

President Ernest Bai Koroma, President of Sierra Leone (2007


present)
Somalia

President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of Somalia (2012


present)

Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, Prime Minister of


Somalia (2014present)

Somaliland (unrecognised secessionist state)


1.

Puntland (self-declared autonomous state)


1.

President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud, President of


Somaliland (2010present)

President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, President of Puntland (2014


present)

South Africa

President Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa (2009present)


South Sudan

President Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of South Sudan (2005


present)[2]
Sudan

President Omar al-Bashir, President of Sudan (1989present)


Swaziland

Monarch Mswati III, King of Swaziland (1986present)

Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini, Prime Minister of


Swaziland (2008present)

Tanzania

President Jakaya Kikwete, President of Tanzania (2005present)

Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda, Prime Minister of Tanzania (2008


present)
Togo

President Faure Gnassingb, President of Togo (2005present)

Prime Minister

2.

1.

Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu, Prime Minister of Togo (20122015)

2.

Komi Slom Klassou, Prime Minister of Togo (2015present)

Tunisia

President Beji Caid Essebsi, President of Tunisia (2014present)

Prime Minister

3.

1.

Mehdi Jomaa, Head of Government of Tunisia (20142015)

2.

Habib Essid, Head of Government of Tunisia (2015present)

Uganda

President Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda (1986present)

Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda, Prime Minister of


Uganda (2014present)

4.

Zambia

5.

President
1.

Guy Scott, Acting President of Zambia (20142015)

2.

Edgar Lungu, President of Zambia (2015present)

Zimbabwe

President Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe (1987present)

Asia[edit]

Afghanistan

President Ashraf Ghani, President of Afghanistan (2014present)

Chief Executive Officer Abdullah Abdullah, Chief Executive Officer of


Afghanistan (2014present)
Bahrain

Monarch Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain (1999


present)

Prime Minister Prince Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa, Prime Minister


of Bahrain (1970present)[3]

Bangladesh

President Abdul Hamid, President of Bangladesh (2013present)

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (2009


present)

Bhutan

Monarch Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, King of Bhutan (2006


present)

Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay, Prime Minister of Bhutan (2013


present)

Brunei

Monarch Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei (1967present)[4]

Prime Minister Hassanal Bolkiah, Prime Minister of Brunei (1984


present)

Cambodia

Monarch Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (2004present)

Prime Minister Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia (1985


present)[5]

China (People's Republic of China)

Communist Party Leader Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the


Communist Party of China (2012present)

President Xi Jinping, President of China (2013present)

Premier Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council of China (2013


present)

East Timor

President Taur Matan Ruak, President of East Timor (2012present)

Prime Minister

1.

Xanana Gusmo, Prime Minister of East Timor (20072015)

2.

Rui Maria de Arajo, Prime Minister of East Timor (2015


present)

India

President Pranab Mukherjee, President of India (2012present)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India (2014


present)

Indonesia

President Joko Widodo, President of Indonesia (2014present)


Iran

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of


Iran (1989present)

President Hassan Rouhani, President of Iran (2013present)

Iraq

President Fuad Masum, President of Iraq (2014present)

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, Prime Minister of Iraq (2014


present)

Israel

President Reuven Rivlin, President of Israel (2014present)

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel (2009


present)

Palestine[6] (non-state administrative authority)


1.

President Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian


National Authority (2005present)

2.

Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah, Prime Minister of the


Palestinian National Authority (2013present)

Japan

Monarch Akihito, Emperor of Japan (1989present)

Prime Minister Shinz Abe, Prime Minister of Japan (2012present)

Jordan

Monarch Abdullah II, King of Jordan (1999present)

Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour, Prime Minister of Jordan (2012


present)

Kazakhstan

President Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan (1990


present)[7]

Prime Minister Karim Massimov, Prime Minister of


Kazakhstan (2014present)

North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)

Communist Party Leader Kim Jong-un, First Secretary of the


Workers' Party of Korea (2012present)

De facto Head of State Kim Jong-un, First Chairman of the National


Defence Commission of North Korea[8] (2011present)

De jure Head of State Kim Yong-nam, Chairman of the Presidium of


the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea (1998present)

Premier Pak Pong-ju, Premier of the Cabinet of North Korea (2013


present)

South Korea (Republic of Korea)

President Park Geun-hye, President of South Korea (2013present)

Prime Minister
1.

Chung Hong-won, Prime Minister of South Korea (2013


2015)

2.

Lee Wan-koo, Prime Minister of South Korea (2015)

3.

Choi Kyoung-hwan, Acting Prime Minister of South


Korea (2015)

4.

Hwang Kyo-ahn, Prime Minister of South Korea (2015


present)

2.

Kuwait

Monarch Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of


Kuwait (2006present)

Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, Prime


Minister of Kuwait (2011present)

3.

Kyrgyzstan

President Almazbek Atambayev, President of Kyrgyzstan (2011


present)

Prime Minister

4.

1.

Djoomart Otorbaev, Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (2014


2015)

2.

Temir Sariyev, Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (2015present)

Laos

Communist Party Leader Choummaly Sayasone, General Secretary


of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (2006present)

President Choummaly Sayasone, President of Laos (2006present)

Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong, Chairman of the Council of


Ministers of Laos (2010present)

5.

Lebanon

President Tammam Salam, Acting President of Lebanon (2014


present)

Prime Minister Tammam Salam, President of the Council of Ministers


of Lebanon (2014present)

6.

Malaysia

Monarch Abdul Halim, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (2011


present)

Prime Minister Najib Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia (2009


present)

7.

Maldives

President Abdulla Yameen, President of the Maldives (2013


present)

8.

Mongolia

President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, President of Mongolia (2009


present)

Prime Minister Chimediin Saikhanbileg, Prime Minister of


Mongolia (2014present)

9.

Myanmar

10.

President Thein Sein, President of Myanmar (2011present)


Nepal

President Ram Baran Yadav, President of Nepal (2008present)

Prime Minister Sushil Koirala, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014


present)

11.

Oman

Monarch Qaboos bin Said al Said, Sultan of Oman (1970present)

Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al Said, Prime Minister of


Oman (1972present)

12.

Pakistan

President Mamnoon Hussain, President of Pakistan (2013present)

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan (2013


present)

13.

Philippines

14.

President Benigno Aquino, President of the Philippines (2010


present)
Qatar

Monarch Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (2013


present)

Prime Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al


Thani, Prime Minister of Qatar (2013present)

15.

Saudi Arabia

Monarch

16.

1.

Abdullah, King of Saudi Arabia (20052015)

2.

Salman, King of Saudi Arabia (2015present)

Prime Minister
1.

Abdullah, Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia (20052015)

2.

Salman, Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia (2015present)

Singapore

President Tony Tan, President of Singapore (2011present)

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of


Singapore (2004present)

17.

Sri Lanka

President
1.

Mahinda Rajapaksa, President of Sri Lanka (20052015)

2.

Maithripala Sirisena, President of Sri Lanka (2015present)

Prime Minister
1.

D. M. Jayaratne, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (20102015)

2.

Ranil Wickremesinghe, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (2015


present)

18. Syria

Syrian Arab Republic


1.

President Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria (2000present)

2.

Prime Minister Wael Nader al-Halqi, Prime Minister of


Syria (2012present)

Syrian Interim Government (partially recognised rival


government)
1.

President
1.

Hadi al-Bahra, President of the Syrian National


Coalition (20142015)

2.

Khaled Khoja, President of the Syrian National


Coalition (2015present)

2.

Prime Minister Ahmad Tu'mah, Acting Prime Minister of the


Syrian National Coalition (2014present)

Taiwan (Republic of China)

President Ma Ying-jeou, President of Taiwan (2008present)

Premier Mao Chi-kuo, President of the Executive Yuan of the


Taiwan (2014present)

Tajikistan

President Emomalii Rahmon, President of Tajikistan (1992present)

Prime Minister Kokhir Rasulzoda, Prime Minister of Tajikistan (2013


present)

Thailand

Monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand (1946present)

Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, Prime Minister of


Thailand (2014present)

Turkey

President Recep Tayyip Erdoan, President of Turkey (2014


present)

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutolu, Prime Minister of Turkey (2014


present)

Turkmenistan

President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of


Turkmenistan (2006present)
United Arab Emirates

President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the


United Arab Emirates (2004present)

Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime


Minister of the United Arab Emirates (2006present)

Uzbekistan

President Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1990present)[9]

Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Prime Minister of


Uzbekistan (2003present)
Vietnam

Communist Party Leader Nguyn Ph Trng, General Secretary of


the Communist Party of Vietnam (2011present)

President Trng Tn Sang, President of Vietnam (2011present)

Prime Minister Nguyn Tn Dng, Prime Minister of Vietnam (2006


present)

Yemen

Head of State
1.

Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, President of Yemen (20122015, coclaimant 2015present)

2.

Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, President of the Revolutionary


Committee of Yemen (co-claimant 2015present)

Prime Minister Khaled Bahah, Prime Minister of Yemen (20142015,


co-claimant 2015present)

Europe[edit]

Albania

President Bujar Nishani, President of Albania (2012present)

Prime Minister Edi Rama, Prime Minister of Albania (2013present)

Andorra

Monarchs

French Co-Prince Franois Hollande, French Co-Prince of


Andorra (2012present)

Co-Prince's Representative Thierry Lataste[10] (2015


present)

Episcopal Co-Prince Archbishop Joan Enric Vives


Siclia, Episcopal Co-Prince of Andorra (2003present)

Co-Prince's Representative Josep Maria Mauri (2012


present)

2.

Prime Minister

Antoni Mart, Head of Government of Andorra (20112015)

Gilbert Saboya Suny, Acting Head of Government of


Andorra (2015)

Antoni Mart, Head of Government of Andorra (2015present)

Armenia

President Serzh Sargsyan, President of Armenia (2008present)

Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan, Prime Minister of Armenia (2014


present)

3.

Austria

President Heinz Fischer, Federal President of Austria (2004


present)

Chancellor Werner Faymann, Federal Chancellor of Austria (2008


present)

4.

Azerbaijan

President Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan (2003present)

Prime Minister Artur Rasizade, Prime Minister of Azerbaijan (2003


present)

Nagorno-Karabakh (unrecognised, secessionist state)

President Bako Sahakyan, President of NagornoKarabakh (2007present)

Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan, Prime Minister of NagornoKarabakh (2007present)

Belarus

President Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus (1994


present)

Prime Minister Andrei Kobyakov, Prime Minister of Belarus (2014


present)

Belgium

Monarch Philippe, King of the Belgians (2013present)

Prime Minister Charles Michel, Prime Minister of Belgium (2014


present)
Bosnia and Herzegovina

2.

Head of State Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Serb member Mladen Ivani (2014present, Chairman of the


Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina 20142015)

Croat member Dragan ovi (2014present, Chairman of the


Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2015present)

Bosniak member Bakir Izetbegovi (2010present)

Prime Minister

Vjekoslav Bevanda, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of


Bosnia and Herzegovina (20122015)

Denis Zvizdi, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia


and Herzegovina (2015present)

High Representative Valentin Inzko, High Representative for Bosnia


and Herzegovina (2009present)
Bulgaria

President Rosen Plevneliev, President of Bulgaria (2012present)

Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (2014


present)

3.

Croatia

4.

President

Ivo Josipovi, President of Croatia (20102015)

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi, President of Croatia (2015


present)

Prime Minister Zoran Milanovi, Prime Minister of Croatia (2011


present)
Cyprus

President Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus (2013present)


Northern Cyprus (unrecognised, secessionist state)

President

Dervi Erolu, President of Northern Cyprus (2010


2015)

Mustafa Aknc, President of Northern Cyprus (2015


present)

Prime Minister

zkan Yorgancolu, Prime Minister of Northern


Cyprus (20132015)

mer Kalyoncu, Prime Minister of Northern


Cyprus (2015present)

Czech Republic
1.

President Milo Zeman, President of the Czech Republic (2013


present)

2.

Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka, Prime Minister of the Czech


Republic (2014present)

Denmark
1.

Monarch Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark (1972present)

2.

Prime Minister

2.

Helle Thorning-Schmidt, Prime Minister of Denmark (2011


2015)

Lars Lkke Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark (2015


present)

Estonia
1.

President Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of Estonia (2006


present)

2.

Prime Minister Taavi Rivas, Prime Minister of Estonia (2014


present)

3.

Finland
1.

President Sauli Niinist, President of Finland (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister

Alexander Stubb, Prime Minister of Finland (20142015)


4.

Juha Sipil, Prime Minister of Finland (2015present)

France
1.

President Franois Hollande, President of France (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister Manuel Valls, Prime Minister of France (2014


present)

5.

Georgia
1.

President Giorgi Margvelashvili, President of Georgia (2013


present)

2.

Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili, Prime Minister of Georgia (2013


present)

3.

Abkhazia (partially recognised secessionist state)

President Raul Khadjimba, President of Abkhazia (2014


present)

Prime Minister

2.

Beslan Butba, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (20142015)

Shamil Adzynba, Acting Prime Minister of


Abkhazia (2015)

Artur Mikvabia, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (2015


present)

South Ossetia (partially recognised secessionist state)

President Leonid Tibilov, President of South Ossetia (2012


present)

Prime Minister Domenty Kulumbegov, Prime Minister of South


Ossetia (2014present)

Germany
1.

President Joachim Gauck, Federal President of Germany (2012


present)

2.

Chancellor Angela Merkel, Federal Chancellor of Germany (2005


present)

Greece
1.

President

2.

2.

Karolos Papoulias, President of Greece (20052015)

Prokopis Pavlopoulos, President of Greece (2015present)

Prime Minister

Antonis Samaras, Prime Minister of Greece (20122015)

Alexis Tsipras, Prime Minister of Greece (2015)

Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou, Prime Minister of


Greece (2015present)

Hungary
1.

President Jnos der, President of Hungary (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister Viktor Orbn, Prime Minister of Hungary (2010


present)

3.

Iceland
1.

President lafur Ragnar Grmsson, President of Iceland (1996


present)

2.

Prime Minister Sigmundur Dav Gunnlaugsson, Prime Minister of


Iceland (2013present)

4.

Ireland
1.

President Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland (2011present)

2.

Prime Minister Enda Kenny, Taoiseach of Ireland (2011present)

5.

Italy
1.

2.

6.

President

Giorgio Napolitano, President of Italy (20062015)

Pietro Grasso, Acting President of Italy (2015)

Sergio Mattarella, President of Italy (2015present)

Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, President of the Council of Ministers of


Italy (2014present)
Latvia

1.

President

2.

7.

Andris Brzi, President of Latvia (20112015)

Raimonds Vjonis, President of Latvia (2015present)

Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma, Prime Minister of Latvia (2014


present)
Liechtenstein

1.

Monarch Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1989present)

2.

Regent Hereditary Prince Alois, Regent of Liechtenstein (2004


present)

3.

Prime Minister Adrian Hasler, Head of Government of


Liechtenstein (2013present)

8.

Lithuania
1.

President Dalia Grybauskait, President of Lithuania (2009present)

2.

Prime Minister Algirdas Butkeviius, Prime Minister of


Lithuania (2012present)

9.

Luxembourg
1.

Monarch Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (2000present)

2.

Prime Minister Xavier Bettel, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (2013


present)

10.

Macedonia
1.

President Gjorge Ivanov, President of Macedonia (2009present)

2.

Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, President of the Government of


Macedonia (2006present)

11.

Malta
1.

President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca, President of Malta (2014


present)

2.

Prime Minister Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister of Malta (2013


present)

12.

Moldova
1.

President Nicolae Timofti, President of Moldova (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister

3.

Iurie Leanc, Prime Minister of Moldova (20132015)

Chiril Gaburici, Prime Minister of Moldova (2015)

Natalia Gherman, Acting Prime Minister of Moldova (2015)

Valeriu Strele, Prime Minister of Moldova (2015present)

Transnistria (unrecognised, secessionist state)

President Yevgeny Shevchuk, President of Transnistria (2011


present)

Prime Minister Tatiana Turanskaya, Prime Minister of


Transnistria (2013present)

Monaco
1.

Monarch Albert II, Prince of Monaco (2005present)

2.

Prime Minister Michel Roger, Minister of State of Monaco (2010


present)

Montenegro
1.

President Filip Vujanovi, President of Montenegro (2003present)[11]

2.

Prime Minister Milo ukanovi, Prime Minister of


Montenegro (2012present)

Kingdom of the Netherlands


1.

Monarch Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands (2013present)

2.

Netherlands (constituent country)

3.

Prime Minister Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the


Netherlands (2010present)
Aruba (constituent country)

4.

see under North America


Curaao (constituent country)

5.

see under North America


Sint Maarten (constituent country)

see under North America

Norway
1.

Monarch Harald V, King of Norway (1991present)

2.

Prime Minister Erna Solberg, Prime Minister of Norway (2013


present)

Poland
1.

2.

2.

President

Bronisaw Komorowski, President of Poland (20102015)

Andrzej Duda, President of Poland (2015present)

Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of


Poland (2014present)
Portugal

1.

President Anbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal (2006present)

2.

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho, Prime Minister of


Portugal (2011present)

3.

Romania
1.

President Klaus Iohannis, President of Romania (2014present)

2.

Prime Minister

4.

Victor Ponta, Prime Minister of Romania (2012present)

Gabriel Oprea, Acting Prime Minister of Romania (2015)

Russia
1.

President Vladimir Putin, President of Russia (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Chairman of the Government of


Russia (2012present)

5.

San Marino
1.

Captains-Regent

Gian Franco Terenzi and Guerrino Zanotti, Captains-Regent


of San Marino (20142015)

6.

Serbia
1.

President Tomislav Nikoli, President of Serbia (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister Aleksandar Vui, Prime Minister of Serbia (2014


present)

3.

Kosovo (partially recognised secessionist state under nominal


international administration)

President Atifete Jahjaga, President of Kosovo (2011present)

Prime Minister Isa Mustafa, Prime Minister of Kosovo (2014


present)

UN Special Representative Farid Zarif, Special Representative


of the UN Secretary-General for Kosovo (2011present)

Slovakia
1.

President Andrej Kiska, President of Slovakia (2014present)

2.

Prime Minister Robert Fico, Prime Minister of Slovakia (2012


present)

Slovenia
1.

President Borut Pahor, President of Slovenia (2012present)

2.

Prime Minister Miro Cerar, Prime Minister of Slovenia (2014


present)

Spain
1.

Monarch Felipe VI, King of Spain (2014present)

2.

Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, President of the Government of


Spain (2011present)

Andrea Belluzzi and Roberto Venturini, Captains-Regent of


San Marino (2015present)

Sweden
1.

Monarch Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (1973present)

2.

Prime Minister Stefan Lfven, Prime Minister of Sweden (2014


present)
Switzerland

1.

Federal Council[12] Doris Leuthard (2006present), Eveline WidmerSchlumpf (2008present), Ueli Maurer (2009present), Didier
Burkhalter (2009present), Johann Schneider-Ammann (2010
present), Simonetta Sommaruga (2010present, President of the
Swiss Confederation 2015present), Alain Berset (2012present)
Ukraine

1.

President Petro Poroshenko, President of Ukraine (2014present)

2.

Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, Prime Minister of Ukraine (2014


present)

United Kingdom
1.

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom (1952present)

2.

Prime Minister David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United


Kingdom (2010present)

3.

Isle of Man (British Crown dependency)

Lieutenant Governor Adam Wood, Lieutenant Governor of the


Isle of Man (2011present)

Chief Minister Allan Bell, Chief Minister of the Isle of


Man (2011present)

4.

Guernsey (British Crown dependency)

5.

6.

Lieutenant-Governor

Peter Walker, Lieutenant-Governor of Guernsey (2011


2015)

Sir Richard Collas, Acting Lieutenant-Governor of


Guernsey (2015present)

Chief Minister Jonathan Le Tocq, Chief Minister of


Guernsey (2014present)
Jersey (British Crown dependency)

Lieutenant-Governor Sir John McColl, Lieutenant-Governor of


Jersey (2011present)

Chief Minister Ian Gorst, Chief Minister of Jersey (2011


present)
Gibraltar (British overseas territory)

Governor Sir James Dutton, Governor of Gibraltar (2013


present)

Chief Minister Fabian Picardo, Chief Minister of Gibraltar (2011


present)

Vatican City
1.

Monarch Pope Francis, Sovereign of Vatican City (2013present)

2.

President of the Governorate Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello, President


of the Governorate of Vatican City (2011present)

3.

Holy See (sui generis subject of public international law)

Secretary of State Cardinal Pietro Parolin,[13] Cardinal Secretary


of State (2013present)

North America[edit]

Anguilla (British overseas territory)

Governor Christina Scott, Governor of Anguilla (2013present)

Chief Minister

1.

Hubert Hughes, Chief Minister of Anguilla (20102015)

2.

Victor Banks, Chief Minister of Anguilla (2015present)

Antigua and Barbuda

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda (1981present)

Governor-General Sir Rodney Williams, Governor-General of


Antigua and Barbuda (2014present)

Prime Minister Gaston Browne, Prime Minister of Antigua and


Barbuda (2014present)

Aruba (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Governor Fredis Refunjol, Governor of Aruba (2004present)

Prime Minister Mike Eman, Prime Minister of Aruba (2009present)

The Bahamas

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of the Bahamas (1973present)

Governor-General Dame Marguerite Pindling, Governor-General of


the Bahamas (2014present)

Prime Minister Perry Christie, Prime Minister of the Bahamas (2012


present)

Barbados

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados (1966present)

Governor-General Sir Elliott Belgrave, Governor-General of


Barbados (2012present)

Prime Minister Freundel Stuart, Prime Minister of Barbados (2010


present)

Belize

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Belize (1981present)

Governor-General Sir Colville Young, Governor-General of


Belize (1993present)

Prime Minister Dean Barrow, Prime Minister of Belize (2008


present)

Bermuda (British overseas territory)

Governor George Fergusson, Governor of Bermuda (2012present)

Premier Michael Dunkley, Premier of Bermuda (2014present)

British Virgin Islands (British overseas territory)

Governor John Duncan, Governor of the British Virgin


Islands (2014present)

Premier Orlando Smith, Premier of the British Virgin Islands (2011


present)

Canada

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada (1952present)

Governor General David Johnston, Governor General of


Canada (2010present)

Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada (2006


present)

Cayman Islands (British overseas territory)

Governor Helen Kilpatrick, Governor of the Cayman Islands (2013


present)

Premier Alden McLaughlin, Premier of the Cayman Islands (2013


present)

Costa Rica

Cuba

Communist Party Leader Ral Castro, First Secretary of the


Communist Party of Cuba (2011present)

President Ral Castro, President of the Council of State of


Cuba (2008present)

Premier Ral Castro, President of the Council of Ministers of


Cuba (2008present)

Curaao (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Governor Lucille George-Wout, Governor of Curaao (2013


present)

Prime Minister

1.

Ivar Asjes, Prime Minister of Curaao (20132015)

2.

Ben Whiteman, Prime Minister of Curaao (2015present)

Dominica

President Charles Savarin, President of Dominica (2013present)

Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit, Prime Minister of Dominica (2004


present)

Dominican Republic

President Luis Guillermo Sols, President of Costa Rica (2014


present)

President Danilo Medina, President of the Dominican


Republic (2012present)
El Salvador

Grenada

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Grenada (1974present)

Governor-General Dame Ccile La Grenade, Governor-General of


Grenada (2013present)

Prime Minister Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada (2013


present)

Guatemala

President
1.

Otto Prez Molina, President of Guatemala (20122015)

2.

Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre, Acting President of


Guatemala (2015present)

Haiti

President Michel Martelly, President of Haiti (2011present)

Prime Minister

1.

Florence Duperval Guillaume, Acting Prime Minister of


Haiti (20142015)

2.

Evans Paul, Prime Minister of Haiti (2015present)

Honduras

President Salvador Snchez Cern, President of El Salvador (2014


present)

President Juan Orlando Hernndez, President of Honduras (2014


present)
Jamaica

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica (1962present)

Governor-General Sir Patrick Allen, Governor-General of


Jamaica (2009present)

Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller, Prime Minister of


Jamaica (2012present)
Mexico

Montserrat (British overseas territory)

Governor
1.

Adrian Davis, Governor of Montserrat (20112015)

2.

Alric Taylor, Acting Governor of Montserrat (2015)

3.

Elizabeth Carriere, Governor of Montserrat (2015present)

Premier Donaldson Romeo, Premier of Montserrat (2014present)


Nicaragua

President Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua (2007present)


Panama

President Juan Carlos Varela, President of Panama (2014present)


Saint Barthlemy (French overseas collectivity)

Prefect Philippe Chopin, Prefect of Saint Barthlemy (2011present)

President of the Territorial Council Bruno Magras, President of the


Territorial Council of Saint Barthlemy (2007present)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983present)

Governor-General

President Enrique Pea Nieto, President of Mexico (2012present)

1.

Sir Edmund Lawrence, Governor-General of Saint Kitts and


Nevis (20132015)

2.

Samuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton, Governor-General of


Saint Kitts and Nevis (2015present)

Prime Minister
1.

Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and


Nevis (19952015)

2.

Timothy Harris, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and


Nevis (2015present)

Saint Lucia

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Lucia (1979present)

Governor-General Dame Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of


Saint Lucia (1997present)

Prime Minister Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (2011


present)

Saint Martin (French overseas collectivity)

Prefect Philippe Chopin, Prefect of Saint Martin (2011present)

President of the Territorial Council Aline Hanson, President of the


Territorial Council of Saint Martin (2013present)

Saint Pierre and Miquelon (French overseas collectivity)

Prefect Jean-Christophe Bouvier, Prefect of Saint Pierre and


Miquelon (2014present)

President of the Territorial Council Stphane Artano, President of the


Territorial Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (2006present)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Vincent and the


Grenadines (1979present)

Governor-General Sir Frederick Ballantyne, Governor-General of


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2002present)

Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and


the Grenadines (2001present)

Sint Maarten (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Governor Eugene Holiday, Governor of Sint Maarten (2010present)

Prime Minister Marcel Gumbs, Prime Minister of Sint


Maarten (2014present)

Trinidad and Tobago

President Anthony Carmona, President of Trinidad and


Tobago (2013present)

Prime Minister
1.

Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Prime Minister of Trinidad and


Tobago (20102015)

2.

Keith Rowley, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (2015


present)

Turks and Caicos Islands (British overseas territory)

Governor Peter Beckingham, Governor of the Turks and Caicos


Islands (2013present)

Premier Rufus Ewing, Premier of the Turks and Caicos


Islands (2012present)

United States of America

President Barack Obama, President of the United States (2009


present)

Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of the United States)


1.

Governor Alejandro Garca Padilla, Governor of Puerto


Rico (2013present)
United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States)

1.

Governor
1.

John de Jongh, Governor of the United States Virgin


Islands (20072015)

2.

Kenneth Mapp, Governor of the United States Virgin


Islands (2015present)

Oceania[edit]

American Samoa (unorganised, unincorporated territory of the United


States)

Governor Lolo Letalu Matalasi Moliga, Governor of American


Samoa (2013present)
Australia

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia (1952present)

Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove, Governor-General of


Australia (2014present)

Prime Minister Tony Abbott, Prime Minister of Australia (2013


present)

Christmas Island (external territory of Australia)

Administrator Barry Haase, Administrator of Christmas


Island (2014present)

Shire President Gordon Thomson, Shire president of Christmas


Island (2013present)

Cocos (Keeling) Islands (external territory of Australia)

Administrator Barry Haase, Administrator of Cocos (Keeling)


Islands (2014present)

Shire President Aindil Minkom, Shire president of Cocos


(Keeling) Islands (2011present)

Administrator Gary Hardgrave, Administrator of Norfolk


Island (2014present)

Chief Minister Lisle Snell, Chief Minister of Norfolk


Island (20132015)

Executive Director Peter Gesling, Executive Director of Norfolk


Island (2015present)

Fiji

President Ratu Epeli Nailatikau, President of Fiji (2009present)

Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, Prime Minister of Fiji (2007


present)

French Polynesia (French overseas collectivity)

High Commissioner Lionel Beffre, High Commissioner of the


Republic in French Polynesia (2013present)

President douard Fritch, President of French Polynesia (2014


present)

Guam (Insular area of the United States)

Governor Eddie Calvo, Governor of Guam (2011present)


Kiribati

Norfolk Island (self-governing territory of Australia)

President Anote Tong, President of Kiribati (2003present)


Marshall Islands

President Christopher Loeak, President of the Marshall


Islands (2012present)
Micronesia

2.

President

Manny Mori, President of Micronesia (20072015)

Peter M. Christian, President of Micronesia (2015present)

Nauru

President Baron Waqa, President of Nauru (2013present)

3.

New Caledonia (French sui generis collectivity)

High Commissioner Vincent Bouvier, High Commissioner of New


Caledonia (2014present)

Head of Government

4.

Cynthia Ligeard, President of the Government of New


Caledonia (20142015)

Philippe Germain, President of the Government of New


Caledonia (2015present)

New Zealand

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand (1952present)

Governor-General Sir Jerry Mateparae, Governor-General of New


Zealand (2011present)

Prime Minister John Key, Prime Minister of New Zealand (2008


present)

Cook Islands (Associated state of New Zealand)

Queen's Representative Tom Marsters, Queen's Representative


of the Cook Islands (2013present)

Prime Minister Henry Puna, Prime Minister of the Cook


Islands (2010present)

Niue (associated state of New Zealand)

Premier Toke Talagi, Premier of Niue (2008present)

Administrator Jonathan Kings, Administrator of Tokelau (2011


present)

Head of Government
1.

Kuresa Nasau, Head of Government of Tokelau (2014


2015)

2.

Siopili Perez, Head of Government of Tokelau (2015


present)

Northern Mariana Islands (Commonwealth of the United States)

Governor Eloy Inos, Governor of the Northern Mariana


Islands (2013present)
Palau

President Tommy Remengesau, President of Palau (2013present)


Papua New Guinea

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Papua New Guinea (1975present)

Governor-General Sir Michael Ogio, Governor-General of Papua


New Guinea (2011present)

Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, Prime Minister of Papua New


Guinea (2011present)

Pitcairn Islands (British overseas territory)

Governor Jonathan Sinclair, Governor of the Pitcairn Islands (2014


present)

Mayor Shawn Christian, Mayor of the Pitcairn Islands (2014


present)

Tokelau (dependent territory of New Zealand)

Samoa

Head of State Tufuga Efi, O le Ao o le Malo of Samoa (2007


present)

Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, Prime Minister of


Samoa (1998present)
Solomon Islands

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of the Solomon Islands (1978present)

Governor-General Sir Frank Kabui, Governor-General of the


Solomon Islands (2009present)

Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare, Prime Minister of the Solomon


Islands (2014present)

Tonga

Monarch Tupou VI, King of Tonga (2012present)

Prime Minister Akilisi Pohiva, Prime Minister of Tonga (2014


present)

Tuvalu

Monarch Elizabeth II, Queen of Tuvalu (1978present)

Governor-General Sir Iakoba Italeli, Governor-General of


Tuvalu (2010present)

Prime Minister Enele Sopoaga, Prime Minister of Tuvalu (2013


present)

Vanuatu

President Baldwin Lonsdale, President of Vanuatu (2014present)

Prime Minister

2.

Joe Natuman, Prime Minister of Vanuatu (20142015)

Sato Kilman, Prime Minister of Vanuatu (2015present)

Wallis and Futuna (French overseas collectivity)

Administrator Superior Michel Aubouin, Administrator Superior of


Wallis and Futuna (2013present)

President of the Territorial Assembly Mikaele Kulimoetoke, President


of the Territorial Assembly of Wallis and Futuna (2014present)

South America[edit]

Argentina

President Cristina Fernndez de Kirchner, President of


Argentina (2007present)

Bolivia

Brazil

President Dilma Rousseff, President of Brazil (2011present)


Chile

President Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile (2014present)


Colombia

President Juan Manuel Santos, President of Colombia (2010


present)
Ecuador

President Rafael Correa, President of Ecuador (2007present)


Falkland Islands (British overseas territory)

Governor Colin Roberts, Governor of the Falkland Islands (2014


present)

Chief Executive Keith Padgett, Chief Executive of the Falkland


Islands (2012present)

Guyana

President
1.

Donald Ramotar, President of Guyana (20112015)

2.

David A. Granger, President of Guyana (2015present)

Prime Minister
1.

Sam Hinds, Prime Minister of Guyana (19992015)

2.

Moses Nagamootoo, Prime Minister of Guyana (2015


present)

Paraguay

President Evo Morales, President of Bolivia (2006present)

President Horacio Cartes, President of Paraguay (2013present)


Peru

President Ollanta Humala, President of Peru (2011present)

Prime Minister

1.

Ana Jara, President of the Council of Ministers of


Peru (20142015)

2.

Pedro Cateriano, President of the Council of Ministers of


Peru (2015present)

Suriname

President Dsi Bouterse, President of Suriname (2010present)


Uruguay

President
1.

Jos Mujica, President of Uruguay (20102015)

2.

Tabar Vzquez, President of Uruguay (2015present)

Venezuela

President Nicols Maduro, President of Venezuela (2013present)

1.

Jump up^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.

2.

Jump up^ South Sudan only became independent in 2011.

3.

Jump up^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.

4.

Jump up^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.

5.

Jump up^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister in 199398.

6.

Jump up^ Palestinian Authority renamed itself State of Palestine on 6


January 2013 (move not recognized by Israel). Do not confuse with
State of Palestine, proclaimed on 15 November 1988 by
thePalestinian National Council (PNC) in Algeria, which remains a
putative state in fact ineffective despite partial international
recognition.

7.

Jump up^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.

8.

Jump up^ Kim was referred to as supreme leader in 2011, and then
appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission in
2012, having been de facto leader of the state throughout.

Footnotes[edit]

9.

Jump up^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.

10. Jump up^ "Decret del 05.01.2015 pel qual es nomena al Sr. Thierry
Lataste com a Representant Personal del Coprncep Francs". Butllet
Oficial del Principat dAndorra. 14 January 2015. Retrieved21
July 2015.
11. Jump up^ Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
12. Jump up^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective
head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council,
the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in aprimus
inter pares capacity for one year.
13. Jump up^ Parolin was archbishop, and therefore only pro
tempore Cardinal Secretary of State until 22 February 2014.

See also[edit]

List of countries

Portale Storia

Rulers

CIDOB Foundation

External links[edit]

Categories:

2015

Lists of state leaders by year

2015 in international relations

Lists of current office-holders

Navigation menu

Create account

Not logged in

IP talk

IP contributions

Log in

Read
Edit
View history

Article
Talk

Go

Main page

Contents

Featured content

Current events

Random article

Donate to Wikipedia

Wikipedia store
Interaction

Help

About Wikipedia

Community portal

Recent changes

Contact page
Tools

What links here

Related changes

Upload file

Special pages

Permanent link

Page information

Wikidata item

Cite this page


Print/export

Create a book

Download as PDF

Printable version
Languages

Bn-lm-g

etina

Deutsch

Franais

Magyar

Norsk bokml

Polski

Romn

Shqip

Edit links

This page was last modified on 10 September 2015, at 17:05.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional


terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit
organization.

Privacy policy

About Wikipedia

Disclaimers

Contact Wikipedia

Developers

Mobile view