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Design Quality

Welcomes

Arrangements

Introductions

Martin Brown
fairsnape
fairsnape@gmail.com
Design Quality

Introductions / Endorsement Criteria

Background and References

Value VE and VM

Collaborative Design

Building Information Management

Evaluation

Procurement

Bringing it Together - Action Plans

Conclusions
Design Quality
Design Quality

The design should be creative, imaginative, sustainable and capable of meeting


delivery objectives. Quality in design and construction utilising the best of modern
methods will ensure that the project meets the needsof all stakeholders, both
functionally and architecturally
• The client will produce a clear brief before design commences

• Designers will be selected according to ability and quality, together with other
criteria appropriate to the scale and complexity of the project
• Every opportunity will be taken to encourage visionary designs, including art sculpture
and to provide opportunities for emerging designers and artists
Design Quality

• The design must suit the practical, functional and operational


requirements of the building and meet both the client’s and users’ needs, to
ensure that whole-life value is delivered by addressing buildability,
maintainability and usability, whilst driving health and safety throughout
• Project briefs will specify performance criteria to encourage innovation in
order to deliver cost-effective solutions, taking advantage of opportunities
for standardisation, prefabrication, off-site manufacture and adopting
modern logistics principles
• The design will be tested using third party design reviews and other tools for
assessing design quality

• IT-based collaborative tools and communication technologies will


be exploited
Design Quality
Design Sustainability

Economic - Fit for purpose

Social - Fit for people

Environmental - Fit for planet


Design Quality

What is good design?


Design Quality

Background

Design Quality Indicator (DQI)

Be Valuable

RIBA

CABE

CEEQual

Defence Estates DEEP

Feedback-Feedforward
Design Quality

Be Valuable
www.constructingexcellence.org.uk
Design Quality
“The industry formerly known as construction”
CONSULT

DEVELOP
MANAGE LIFE
CYCLE

DESIGN

CONSTRUCT
Design Quality
Design Quality Indicator (DQI)

www.dqi.org.uk
Design Quality

CABE

The Case for Good Design

Firmness: buildings should be soundly built and durable

Commodity: buildings should work – they should be fit


for the purpose for which they are designed

Delight: buildings should be good looking – their design


should please the eye and the mind.
Design Quality

CABE
Design Quality

CEEQUAL
www.ceequal.com

promotes improved sustainability in project specification, design and construction

demonstrates the commitment of the civil engineering industry to environmental quality


assesses performance across 12 areas of environmental and social concern

provides a checklist of appropriate action for project teams.


Design Quality
Design Quality
Design Quality

What is are the


implications of design
guides?

What do we need to do?


Design Quality

Whole life value

Operation and
Maintenance
Business Costs Business Value
Construction
250 – 2,500 ?
1 5 200
Design 0.1

Process Push

User Pull
Design Quality

Who is responsible for Design Quality?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Design Quality

IT-based collaborative tools and communication technologies will be exploited

ICT Based: eg

CAD
BIM
Web based: eg
Project Collaborative Extranets
BIW
Google Wave
4Projects
Woobius
Second Life
You Can Plan

Live Demos
Design Quality
Building Information Modelling
Design Quality
Online AEC collaboration (c. 2000s)

Online file management


 Fewer interoperability issues
 Less paper
 Latest information available to all
 Complete record of project
 Full information audit trail
 Single central repository of information
 Greater re-use of information (eg: for H&S
File, standards, tendering, defects mgmt,
O&M, etc)

 But nearly all still 2D


 Heavy reliance on CAD
Design Quality
Building Information Modelling
Design Quality

Issues raised by BIM

• Education and training


• Investment in hardware/software
• Standards
• Project procurement
• Intellectual property
• Contracts
• Risk – insurance
• Regulations
Design Quality
Building Information Modelling
Design Quality
Building Information Modelling
Design Quality

What is are the implications of


ICT and BIM?

What do we need to do?


Design Quality

Whole Life Costs


Design Quality

What are the


implications of life cycle
design?

What do we need to do?


Design Quality

What are the implications of


whole life value?

What do we need to do?


Design Quality
Value

Value defined

Value Management

Value Engineering
Design Quality

Value Engineering
Value Management

Introduction Overview
and Application

Martin Brown
fairsnape
Design Quality

Value Engineering

concerned with achieving a given


function at minimum cost

“A disciplined approach directed


towards the achievement of
necessary function at minimum
costs without detriment to quality,
reliability, performance or delivery”
Design Quality

Origins of VE
• World war 2

• Scare materials

• If we cant get the materials then we must get the function

• US manufacturing industry, defence and construction

• Society of American Value Engineers 1959


Design Quality

Characteristics of VE
Traditional Stages of VE:

• Information

• Speculation

• Evaluation

• Development

• Recommendation
Design Quality

Fundementals of VE
• All share a common understanding

• Function is a characteristic that remains constant over time

• Each alternative solution provide the same level of performance

• An increased in value is achieved by a decrease in cost

• Choice between alternatives can be made on cost alone


Design Quality

Standard phases of VE
• Define and understand the nature of the problem

• Generate alternative ideas for solving problem

• Evaluate the feasibility of generated ideas

• Develop and test ideas judged to be the most suitable

• Determine best solution


Design Quality

VM / VE Sequence

VM 1 VM 2 VE VE

   

Design
Concept Feasibility Construction
Development
Design Quality

Objectives of VM1
• To ensure that the need for a new facility is thoroughly analysed
before the client is committed to build

• To establish clear project objectives and ensure they are


understood by all

• Identify performance criteria

• To provide insights into possible solutions

• To ensure descion making process is acountable


Design Quality

Objectives of VM 2
• To ensure choice of design is aligned to value for money criteria

• Verify project objectives remain valid

• Provide further insights to possible solutions

• To secure further and marginal value improvements

• Ensure decision making process remains accountable


Design Quality

Outline Methodoloy
VM1 VM2

1. Information 1. Information
2. Structuring objectives 2. Structuring objectives
3. Speculation 3. Assignment of Importance
4. Evaluation 4. Evaluation
5. Development 5. Sensitivity Analysis
6. Cost Value Reconciliation
7. Value Improvement
Design Quality

Objectives of VE
• To provide new insights about possible solutions

• Eliminate unnecessary costs

• Improve design buildbaility by considering construction implications


of the chosen design

• Reduce facilities operational costs by considering the maintenance


and life cycle cost implications of the chosen design
Design Quality VM - Value Hierarchy
HOW
WHY
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION

SECONDARY
FUNCTION
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION

ENABLING THE SECONDARY


FUNCTION

OBJECTIVE SECONDARY
FUNCTION
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION

ENABLING THE SECONDARY


FUNCTION

SECONDARY
FUNCTION
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION
Design Quality

Success Factors
• Performing VM at the right time

• Ensuring perceived needs are supported by ‘data’

• Ensuring that the right people are involved

• Ensuring that VM reflects the clients corporate objectives,

• Designers must be briefed to meet requirements of VM1 and have


fully costed design alternatives available at VM2
Design Quality

Key Benefits
• Need for new projects always verified and supported by data

• Objectives of each project are discussed and expressed explicitly

• Alternative solutions are always considered

• Outline design proposals are evaluated and selected on the basis


of defined performance criteria

• Decision making process is rational and accountable


Design Quality

VM/VE Exercises
•Design attractiveness
Design Quality •Suitable staff facilities
•Office accommodation
•Maintainability

VM Exercise •Customer facilities


•Cheerful decorations
•Operational efficency
Objectives for an out of town Retail •Convience of layout
Development from early stages of •Staff welfare provision
Value Management exercise. •Flexibility for retail space
•Red floor finish
Structure the objectives into a value •External façade
hierarchy (value tree) for the •Effiency of goods delivery
development. •Accessibility for customers
ENABLING THE SECONDARY

SECONDARY
FUNCTION
FUNCTION

•A successful retail development


ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION

ENABLING THE SECONDARY


•Low running costs
FUNCTION

OBJECTIVE SECONDARY
FUNCTION
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION
•Expansion of retial space
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION •Minimum sales area intrusions
SECONDARY
FUNCTION
ENABLING THE SECONDARY
FUNCTION
•Intenal space
•Provision for carparking
•Access by foot
Beware of red herrings in the form of •Efficient energy use
design detail which relate to later •Storage Space
design stages. •Separate customer / operation areas
•Provision for future expansion
Assign importance to objectives
•Expansion of carparking
•Clarity of entrance
Design Quality

VE Exercise
• What is the function

• Generate alternative
ideas for achieving the
function
Alternatives cost time Sustain Build- Life Sum
-ability ability cycle
• Evaluate the feasibility weighting
of generated ideas A
against cost, time, B
sustainability, C
buildability and life D
cycle (maint) issues
E

• Discuss ideas judged to


be the most suitable

• Determine best solution Alternative?


Design Quality

Who is responsible for Value Engineering / Value Management?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Design Quality

Evaluation

Post Occupancy Evaluation

Usability

End User Studies

Soft Landings
Design Quality

Post Occupancy Evaluation

Post Occupancy Evaluation involves systematic evaluation of


opinion about buildings in use, from the perspective of the
people who use them.

It assesses how well buildings match users' needs, and


identifies ways to improve building design, performance and
fitness for purpose
Design Quality

What are the implications of user


evaluations?

What do we need to do?


Design Quality

Procurement
Selection by Value

Early Involvement
Design Quality
Procurement Models

Historic Need Develop Procure Implement

Develop
Tranistional Need Procure
Implement

Develop
Asiprational Procure Need
Implement
Design Quality
Opportunity v Cost
Opportunity Cost

Brief Design Construct In Use

Project Life
Design Quality

How do we procure design?

What do we need to do?


Design Quality

Who is responsible for Design procurement?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Design Quality

Actions

Conclusions
Design Quality

Design Quality Endorsement Themes


Design Quality