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Gordon Fee

type.[5]

Gordon Donald Fee (born 1934) is an AmericanCanadian Christian theologian and an ordained minister
of the Assemblies of God (USA). He currently serves as
Professor Emeritus of New Testament Studies at Regent
College in Vancouver, Canada.[1]

In 2012, Fee announced that he is retiring as general editor of the New International Commentary on the New
Testament series due to the fact that he has been diagnosed with Alzheimers Disease.

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Biography

Fee was born in 1934 in Ashland, Oregon, to Donald Horace Fee (19071999) and Gracy Irene Jacobson (1906
1973). He has one older sister, Donna Mae. His father
was an Assemblies of God minister who pastored several churches in Washington state. Fee received his B.A.
and M.A. degrees from Seattle Pacic University and his
Ph.D. from the University of Southern California.[2] On
April 21, 2010, Fee was awarded an honorary Doctor of
Divinity degree from Northwest University in Kirkland,
Washington, where Fee has taught in the past and where
a building is named for his father, Donald Fee. After
teaching briey at Wheaton College in Illinois and for several years at Vanguard University of Southern California,
Fee taught at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in
South Hamilton, Massachusetts from the Fall of 1974 until 1986. He then moved to Regent College where he is
now professor emeritus.[2]

2.1 Christian egalitarianism

Fee is considered a leading expert in pneumatology and


textual criticism of the New Testament.[3] He is also the
author of books on biblical exegesis, including the popular introductory work How to Read the Bible for All Its
Worth (co-authored with Douglas Stuart), the sequel,
How to Read the Bible, Book by Book, How to Choose
a Translation for all its Worth (co-authored with Mark
L. Strauss) and a major commentary on 1 Corinthians as
well as numerous other commentaries on various books
in the New Testament. In the 1990s, he succeeded F.F.
Bruce to become the editor of the notable evangelical
commentary series, the New International Commentary
on the New Testament of which his commentaries on 1
Corinthians and Philippians are a part.

Fee is a Pentecostal; nevertheless, he has disagreed with


some long held and deeply cherished Pentecostal beliefs. Specically, he has questioned article 7 of the
Assemblies of God Statement of Fundamental Truths,
which articulates a classical Pentecostal understanding of
baptism in the Holy Spirit as subsequent to and separate from Christian conversion. In Baptism in the Holy
Spirit: The Issue of Separability and Subsequence, Fee
writes that there is little biblical evidence to prove the traditional Pentecostal doctrinal position.[7]

He discovered that Codex Sinaiticus in Gospel of John


1:1-8:38 and in some other parts of this Gospel does not
represent the Alexandrian text-type but the Western text-

dimension with gifts, miracles, and evangelism


(along with fruit and growth), was a normal
part of their expectation and experience.[9]

Fee is a Christian egalitarian and was a contributing editor


to the key Christian egalitarian book Discovering Biblical
Equality: Complementarity without hierarchy (2004). His
above mentioned commentary consistently translates the
generic men as men and women with an explanatory
footnote. He is also a member of the board of reference
for Christians for Biblical Equality, a group of evangelical Christians who believe the Bible teaches complete
equality between men and women and that all Christians,
regardless of gender must exercise their God-given gifts
with equal authority and equal responsibility in church,
home and world.[6]

2.2 Pentecostal distinctives

On the other hand, he maintains that the Pentecostal experience itself can be defended on exegetical grounds as a
thoroughly biblical phenomenon.[8] Fee believes that in
the early church, the Pentecostal experience was an exFee is a member of the CBT (Committee on Bible pected part of conversion:
Translation) that translated the New International Version
(NIV) and its revision, the Todays New International VerThe crucial item in all this for the early
sion (TNIV).[3] He also serves on the advisory board of
church
was the work of the Spirit; and [the emthe International Institute for Christian Studies.[4]
powerment for life], the dynamic empowering

Fee believes the Spirits empowerment is a necessary element in the life of the Church that has too often been
neglected.[10] It is this neglect, Fee argues, that led early
Pentecostals to seek the presence and power of the Spirit
in experiences which they identied as baptism in the
Holy Spirit.[11]

EXTERNAL LINKS

[7] Gordon D Fee. Baptism in the Holy Spirit: The Issue of


Separability and Subsequence, Pneuma: The Journal of
the Society of Pentecostal Studies 7:2 (Fall 1985), p. 88.
[8] Fee (1985), Baptism in the Holy Spirit, 91.
[9] Fee (1985), Baptism in the Holy Spirit, 97.
[10] Fee (1985), Baptism in the Holy Spirit, 95-96.

2.3

Opposition to prosperity theology

[11] Fee (1985), Baptism in the Holy Spirit, 98.

He is a strong opponent of the prosperity gospel and published a 1985 book entitled The Disease of the Health and
Wealth Gospels.[12]

[12] See his booklet entitled The Disease of the Health and
Wealth Gospels, Regent College Publishing, January 1,
1985, ISBN 1-57383-066-6.

5 External links

Works
The First Epistle to the Corinthians, NICNT 1987,
904 pages. ISBN 978-0-8028-2507-0
Gods Empowering Presence: The Holy Spirit in the
Letters of Paul, BSIS, 1994. ISBN 0-943575-94-X
Pauls Letter to the Philippians, NICNT, 1995, 543
pages. ISBN 978-0-8028-2511-7
Pauline Christology: An Exegetical-Theological
Study. Baker Academic, 2007, 744 pages, ISBN
978-0-8010-4625-4
The First and Second Letter to the Thessalonians,
NICNT, 2009, 400 pages. ISBN 978-0-8028-63621
1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, NIBC, 1988, 332 pages.
ISBN 0-943575-10-9
How to read the Bible for all its worth Zondervan
1981

References

[1] Gordon Fee online, accessed June 4, 2011.


[2] Christianbook.com, Meet Gordon Fee, August 2008, accessed June 4, 2011.
[3] Committee on Bible Translation, Gordon Fee Biography,
accessed June 4, 2011.
[4] International Institute for Christian Studies, Board of Advisors, accessed June 4, 2011.
[5] Gordon D. Fee, Codex Sinaiticus in the Gospel of John: A
Contribution to Methodology in Establishing Textual Relationships, Studies in the Theory and Method of New Testament Textual Criticism, Wm. Eerdmans Publishing 1993,
pp. 221-243.
[6] Christians for Biblical Equality, Leadership and Our Mission and History, accessed June 4, 2011.

Gordon Fee and Basic Rules for New Testament Exegesis

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