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Crime Prevention

Through Environmental
Design (CPTED)

IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE

Reka Bentuk Bandar Selamat

Panduan Pelaksanaan

Department of Town and Country Planning,


Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Malaysia
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

Published 31 August 2012

Copyright Unit Khas NKRA Bandar Selamat


Department of Town and Country Planning,
Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Malaysia
This Implementation Guide is prepared based on the recommendation of
NKRA Lab: Reducing Crime which was held on 5 October to 19 November
2009 to raise public safety. The Safe City Program consist of 3 Strategies and 15
Measures for crime prevention. This Implementation Guide supports Strategy
1: Environmental Design Initiatives and Measure 2: Crime Prevention through
Environmental Design (CPTED).

Unit Khas NKRA Bandar Selamat


Department of Town and Country Planning,
Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Malaysia
Jalan Cenderasari,
50646 KUALA LUMPUR
www.townplan.gov.my
03 2698 9211

iii
PROCEDURE FOR USE OF CRIME
PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL
DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE
This Manual is prepared to show the procedure for the use of the Implementation
Guide for Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED).
The Circular from the Secretary-General of the Ministry of Housing and Local
Government No. 5 Year 2009, Uniform Template for Document Check-list and Detailed
Check-list for Outside Technical Agencies for Development Approval Process through
One-Stop-Centre (OSC) has outlined several document check-lists and detailed
check-lists as guide and reference for applicants preparing development proposals
for Planning Permission proposals, Building Plans, Engineering Plans and Landscape
Plans.
This CPTED Implementation Guide is for reference during the planning, design and
implementation stages of a development proposal. This includes the design of the
layout plan, building plan, engineering plan, landscape plan, and issuance of the
Certicate of Completion and Compliance (CCC). The concept, guidelines and checklists in this Implementation Guide help the Local Authorities and technical agencies in
checking the development proposals, and ensure the applicant incorporates CPTED in
development proposals for crime prevention (refer Table 1).

iv

Development Type

General Guide (page)

Check List (page)

15
21
27 - 29
43 - 44
47
51
55
57

16 - 20
22 - 26
30 - 42
45 - 46
48 - 50
52 - 54
56
58 - 60

15
21
47

16 - 20
22 - 26
48 - 50

27 - 29

30 - 42

51

49
52 - 54

APPLICATION FOR PLANNING PERMISSION


a. Layout design
b. Building design
c. Access and pedestrian path
d. Landscape and elements of urban design
e. Car park
f. Lighting
g. Security devices
h. Management and maintenance
BUILDING PLAN APPLICATION
a. Layout design
b. Building design
c. Car park
APPLICATION FOR ROAD AND BUILDING PLAN
Access and pedestrian path
APPLICATION FOR STREET LIGHTING PLAN
a. Car park
b. Lighting

Development Type

General Guide (page)

Check List (page)

43 - 44
47 (v)

40 - 42
45 - 46
-

Installation of Lift / Escalator G11


a. Building design

21

26

Building G12
a. Building design

21

22 - 26

27 - 29

30 - 42

15
55

20
56

27 - 29

30 - 42

APPLICATION FOR LANDSCAPE PLAN


a. Access and pedestrian path
b. Landscape and elements of urban design
c. Car park
APPLICATION FOR CCC (Site Visit)

Sewerage Reticulation G14


a. Access and pedestrian path
Outdoor Electricity Supply System G16
a. Layout design
b. Security devices
Roads and Drainage G17
a. Access and pedestrian path
Street Lighting G18
a. Lighting

51

52 - 54

Telecommunication G20
a. Access and pedestrian path

7 & 29

33 - 36

Landscape G21
a. Landscape and elements of urban design
b. Management and maintenance

43 - 44
57

45 - 46
58 - 60

vi
CHART ON PROCESS OF USE

IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR CPTED

vii

LIST OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
CPTED CONCEPT
CPTED PRINCIPLES

3
4
5

Natural Surveillance
Natural Access Control
Territorial Reinforcement
Maintenance & Management
CPTED STRATEGY
CPTED USERS
DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS

8
9
10

Layout Design
Access and Pedestrian Path
Landscape and Elements of Urban Design
Car Park
Lighting
Security Devices
Management and Maintenance
GENERAL GUIDE AND CHECK LIST
Layout Design
Building Design
Access and Pedestrian Path
Landscape and Elements of Urban Design
Car Park
Lighting
Security Devices
Management and Maintenance

15
21
27
43
47
51
55
57

2
URBANIZATION

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION
Aim of Guide

Occurrences of Crime

This Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED)


Implementation Guide is prepared to support Measure 2:
Implementation of Environmental Design for Safe City under
Strategy 1: Environmental Design Initiatives, Safe City Program
2010.

Several studies which have been undertaken on victims abroad


have provided evidence that rapid urbanization seems to be the
major factor in increasing the the rate of crime. A crime will only
occur if three basic elements are present which are the criminal,
the victim and the environment/ situation which provide the
opportunity for the criminal.

This guide contains a summary of concepts, general guidelines


and a CPTED check-list. This check-list can be used as a guide
during the preparation and checking of development layout
plans and building plans as well as evaluating the progress and
implementation of projects on the site.

When is CPTED applicable?


Concepts and principles of CPTED should be incorporated at the
planning and designing of layout and building plans stage for
all types of developement. CPTED also can be implemented in
existing areas especially at areas which are unsafe and exposed to
crime.

Source: DSP Research and Consultancy, Netherlands, 2000 (pg. 4)


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

CPTED CONCEPT

CPTED CONCEPT
CPTED is based upon the idea that the detailed and eective
design of the physical environment can inuence human
behaviour from committing a crime as well as reducing the fear of
crime and the incidence of crime while increasing the quality of
the environment and the quality of life.
The concept of CPTED has been applied in the planning of cities
abroad such as New York, Glasgow, Adelaide, Melbourne, Seoul,
Singapore and others. Studies have proven that CPTED is eective
in reducing the crime rate as follows:

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

i. Reduction of crime on petty traders by as much as 50% for


petty thefts and 65% for robberies;
ii. An average of 15-100% reduction of drug sales, house breakins and other crimes within certain communities in the United
States of America and Canada;.
iii. Reduction of molestation crimes among school children;
iv. Increase in benets, productivity and quality of life of
community; and
v. Reduction of cost and resources through ecient design by
implementing natural strategies compared to management
and mechanical strategies (Source: Sinclair Knight Merz,
Nusajaya Security Training 2008).

CPTED PRINCIPLES

Natural surveillance for car parking areas

CPTED PRICIPLES
Source:

Adapted and modied from Crime


Prevention Through Housing Design,
edited by Paul Stollard 1989 (pg.48)

There are 4 universal principles in CPTED used by the international community as


below:

Natural Surveillance
The main aim of this principle is to increase the awareness of the public through eyes on
the street approach towards the criminal and subsequently reducing the condence of
the criminal to commit the crime.
Natural surveillance means the ability of the environment to create a clear and wide
opportunity for surveillance from various angles, whether indoors or outdoors, by the
residents or security guards through the design and location of windows, lobbies or
doors of buildings.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

CPTED PRINCIPLES

Natural Access Control

Territorial Reinforcement

Access control aims to prevent a person


from entering an area or premises where
he should not be. Access control can be
implemented through the use of doors
with security cards, fencing, landscaping
and other physical means.

The main aim of territorial enforcement


is to show ownership of an area. A clear
distinction between between public and
private territory can be marked out through
the use of physical elements such as fencing,
doorways, landscaping and others.
Boundary division with landscaping

Use of security card

Source: Adapted and modied from Crime Prevention Through Housing Design,
edited by Paul Stollard 1989 (pg.48)

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

CPTED PRINCIPLES

Back lanes which are not maintained

Drug addicts den in neglected public park

Abandoned houses can breed crime

Communication pole becomes a tool for criminals


to break into houses

Underground walkway which is not maintained

Overhead walkway with view obstructed by


advertisement and roong

Maintenance and Management


This principle emphasizes the need
to maintain and manage the area and
buildings regularly and continuously
by the management, occupants,
owners and community. The presence
of a deteriorated or abandoned site or
building can breed criminal activities
such as drug addiction and other antisocial activities.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

CPTED STRATEGY

CPTED STRATEGY
All the principles of CPTED can be implemented through 3 strategies which are:
i. Natural surveillance is facilitated through the design of space, provision of landscape
and windows or doors which face public areas.
ii. Mechanical surveillance is facilitated through the use of electronic and mechanical
equipment such as lighting, CCTV, security mirrors, security alarm and others; and
iii. Organised surveillance is facilitated through police patrol, security guards or residents
associations.
For the best design technique, these three strategies are implemented in an integrated
manner, with priority given to the natural surveillance strategy at the early stage of
environmental design to reduce the costs of rehabilitation of the area in the future.

Natural surveillance

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

CCTV which uses solar energy

Mechanical surveillance
(security mirror)

Organised surveillance

CPTED USER

CPTED USER
CPTED users comprise of citizens who reside in the designed
spaces as well as various agencies which are involved directly
during the preparation of the layout plans / building plans and
during progress evaluation and implementation of the project at
the site.
i. Public (Citizens)
The public are the main users and clients in the designed
spaces. The feedback from the residents regarding crime issues
can be the basis for environmental design.
ii. Designers (Town planners, Architects, Landscape
architects, Engineers, Surveyors, Interior designers)
All designers should refer to the CPTED Implementation Guide
when designing the layout or building plans for all types of
development.
iii. State Authorities (SAs), Local Authorities (LAs) and Local
Planning Authorities (LPAs) and Government Agencies
SAs, LAs, LPAs and the relevant government agencies
play an important role to ensure the implementation of
the CPTED concept especially in the process of granting
planning permission and approving building plans as well as
raising awareness of the community towards creating a safe
environment through CPTED.

iv. Royal Malaysian Police (RMP)


The RMP plays an important role as an advisor in the design of
the layout of a development so as to prevent the occurrence of
crime.
v. Non-Government Organisations (NGO) and Agencies
Non-government organisations and agencies as well as
residents apply the concept of CPTED to plan and to carry out
activities which can reduce crime such as education and public
awareness, establishing neighbourhood watch and so on.
vi. Developers
Developers play the role of incorporating the concept of
CPTED in all types of development.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

10

DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS

DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS
The seven development components
identied to implement the CPTED
concept:

Layout Design
i. Mixed Development
Mixed development consists of
residential, commercial, industrial and
public space development activities.
Mixed development is strongly
encouraged to create an active and
busy environment throughout the day.
Objectives:
Activate the area with various land
use activities such as residential
activities, shops, restaurants, oces,
public space, cultural activities,
recreational activities and so on
Create natural surveillance and
improve security in the area
especially in places at high risk of
crime; and
Increase the sense of belonging and
awareness of the community and
environment.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

ii. Activity Generation


Encourage activities that are allowed to
draw attention of the local community
such as night market, alfresco caf,
restaurants, sports and recreation, and
so on.
Objective:
Enhance safety of the surroundings
and natural surveillance through
the eyes on the street approach.

iii. Entrapment spot and dead end


Entrapment spots are spaces that are
deserted, isolated and surrounded.
Designs should avoid creation of
entrapment spots especially in car
parks, pedestrian walkways, dead-end
roads or backlanes.
Objective:
Prevent hideouts for criminals and
threats from criminals / intruders.

DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS

11

Clear view of space

iv. View of space


Provide clear, maximised and unobstructed
view of space at short and long distance,
especially for areas surrounding the
pedestrian walkways. Large pillars,
fences that are not transparent, poorly
maintained shrubs and other obstacles
near the pedestrian walkways can create
hideouts for criminals / intruders to
threaten or attack the public.

Avoid entrapment spots in the design

Objectives:
Facilitate the detection of criminals;
and
Reduce the fear of becoming a victim
of crime.

Source: Adapted and modied from Crime Prevention Through Housing Design,
edited by Paul Stollard 1989 (m.s.27)
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

12

DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS

Car Parks
The provision of parking areas should
emphasize on safety measures such as
car parking lots facing towards business
premises and has good lighting.
Objektives:
Increase safety and reduce criminal
incidents; and
Increase natural surveillance

Access and Pedestrian Walkways


Access includes roads and pedestrian
walkways consisting of tunnels, pedestrian
bridges and narrow lanes. Isolated and
narrow pedestrian tunnels are not allowed
in new development areas. However, for
existing pedestrian tunnels, overhead
bridges and narrow lanes, security
measures such as adequate lighting and
installation of safety mirrors must be
implemented. Use of clear signage as
direction indicator and reminder has to be
planned in an integrated manner so that
the user is not confused and is wary of the
surrounding area.
Objective:
Prevent or reduce road and pedestrian
walkways that are separated, quiet,
hidden and trapped.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

Soft Landscaping and Urban


Design Element
The use of soft landscaping (trees, shrubs,
tree fences and vegetation ground
cover) and elements of urban design /
hard landscaping covers all types manmade structures such as street furnitures,
pedestrian walkways, gazebos, foutains,
garden lamps, statues and so on, can be
used to determine public and private
boundaries by reference to the National
Landscape Guidelines 2008.
Objective:
Create an environment that is userfriendly, safe and attractive
Use as a barrier to prevent snatch
thefts; and
Acting as a border separator, junction
indicators, bend indicators and
directional guide.

DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS

13

Lighting

Management and Maintenance

The provision of bright lighting especially


at night allows an individual to be able
to see or be seen clearly. Bright lighting
can reduce public fear especially in car
parks, bus stops, ATM machines and so on.
Lighting should be at a level that allows a
persons facial features to be identied in
normal vision and assist the CCTV system
to monitor crime areas more eectively.

Areas belonging to residential, commercial,


industrial, infrastructure and utilities, and
places of public concentration which are
owned by the government, government
agencies, personal and private sectors
should be maintained regularly and
periodically to enhance the level of safety,
for example, pruning of lush trees, clearing
of bushes that obstruct lighting, CCTV and
public view, and also rehabilitation of areas
/ buildings that are abandoned.

Objectives:
Prevent existence of dark and dimmed
space; and
Enable criminals / intruders to be easily
recognised and identied.

Security Devices
Security devices include safety mirrors,
security alarm, CCTV and warning sign
boards.
Objective:
Provide reminder, awareness and
warning to the public to be vigilant.

Objectives:
Prevent existence of dilapidated and
abandoned area / buildings; and
Enhance safety level

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

14
GENERAL GUIDE

Mixed development which is suitable for


encouraging interaction among residents and
creating a sense of security
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

LAYOUT DESIGN

15

LAYOUT DESIGN
i. Design integrated layout for mixed
development. Development should be
contiguous and not separated to create
an active environment, with better natural
surveillance and population interaction
during the day and the night.
ii. Design layout of neighbourhood that has a
clear sight line and orderly.
iii. Diversify housing types to meet the needs
of the residents from various socioeconomic levels.
iv. Provide parks and public places in a
conspicuous location and within walking
distance according to Guidelines on
Community Facilities, 2000.
v. Potential places of crime should be seen
clearly by the user from adjacent buildings.

Parks and public places in front of the building increase the level of natural surveillance
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

16

CHECK LIST 1:
LAYOUT DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

LAYOUT DESIGN
i. Each neighborhood unit must have a 400 metres walking distance
from the neighbourhood centre.

Residential Area
Commercial Area

Layout design must be clear and orderly.

Industrial Area

Justication:

Public facilities

Establish a network of pedestrian walkways that are separated


from motor lanes, continuous and integrated.
Increase higher level of natural surveillance.
Create walkable community and enhance social cohesion.

Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education

Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare

Post Oce
Security
Religious

Town
Centre

High density development in


and around town centre

Source: David Prior, City of Melbourne, November 2006


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

Open Space

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 1:
LAYOUT DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

LAYOUT DESIGN
ii. Avoid marginalised, isolated and trapped space.
Dead end roads (cul-de-sac) shall be straight and not exceeding
75 m. This requirement does not conict with the planning standards
of 150 m and requirement of Uniform Building By Laws (UBBL) 91.4 m
for dead end roads.
Avoid public facilities such as childrens playgrounds, public toilets
and garbage depots in remote locations.
Justication:
Identify strangers easily.
Increase natural surveillance.
Enhance the quality of the environment.
Create a sense of belonging to the environment.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

17
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Design of dead end roads (cul-de-sac) not exceeding 75 m eases


identication of strangers
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

18

CHECK LIST 1:
LAYOUT DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

LAYOUT DESIGN
iii. Layout design has to create:
i. Natural surveillance.
ii. Promote visibility from dierent angles.

Create corner shop, stalls and mobile or permanent kiosks at


appropriate location of public conservation areas

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Designs that can improve natural surveillance

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 1:
LAYOUT DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

LAYOUT DESIGN
iv. Buildings should face the central parking area.

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

19
REMAKS

Residential Area

Justication:
Facilitates monitoring and surveillance of the public towards the
parking area that can be the location of thefts and burglaries.

Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall

Road

Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security

Road

Road

Religious

Central car parking area


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

20

CHECK LIST 1:
LAYOUT DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

LAYOUT DESIGN
v. Position of public toilets, prayer room, and other public use area must
be planned in an integrated and wholeness manner in the building as
well as not isolated and easily seen
Justication:
Increase natural surveillance from the public and avoid public toilets
from being the location of rape incident and abandoned babies.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

BUILDING DESIGN

21

BUILDING DESIGN

The design of the building facade that does not block the view

i. Building design should provide space that is open, unhidden


and with high visibility.
ii. Have a clear distinction between private, semi-private and
public space.
iii. Building fencing does not block the view to the public space.
iv. Ensure the design and location of elements such as dividing
wall, rubbish disposal places, low roof or tree branches does
not help with the criminal activities.
v. Develop dilapidated / abandoned areas with appropriate
activities to prevent being a criminal hideout.
vi. Create activities that encourage walking in areas of high and
medium density.
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

22

CHECK LIST 2:
BUILDING DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF BUILDING PLAN)

BUILDING DESIGN
i. Building design must:

Ensure doors, windows, house foyer of the residential property


faces the road, open space and car parking area.
Ensure doors, windows, house foyer of the building faces the road.
Avoid blind wall.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 2:
BUILDING DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF BUILDING PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

BUILDING DESIGN
ii. Length of car porch for a 2-storey house and above must not exceed
10 feet from the building line.
Justication:
Facilitates monitoring towards the gate from the main bedroom /
front of the upper level of the house

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

23
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare

Length of car
porch must not
exceed 10 feet
from the building

10

Post Oce
Security
Religious

10

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

24

CHECK LIST 2:
BUILDING DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF BUILDING PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

BUILDING DESIGN
iii. Ensure that fencing wall / separator wall does not exceed 5 feet.
Enclosed space allowed not exceeding 2 feet from ground level (refer
to gure below). Design of the fence should be transparent and
dicult to climb.

Residential Area

Justication:
Facilitate monitoring and viewing by neighbours/ residents/users

Public facilities

50% transparent

Commercial Area
Industrial Area

Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover

Enclosed
space 2 feet

Fence height
5 feet

Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 2:
BUILDING DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF BUILDING PLAN)

BUILDING DESIGN
iv. Emergency stairs or stairs to the car parking area inside the building
must be clearly visible from outside and inside of the building.
Justication:
Facilitate monitoring from the public and prevent the stairs from
becoming hiding location.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

25
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

26

CHECK LIST 2:
BUILDING DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF BUILDING PLAN)

BUILDING DESIGN
v. Elevator doors and walls must be transparent.
Justication:
Increase the visibility of the public from outside and inside of the
elevator to prevent incidence of crime.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS

Width of vehicle lane should be suitable with the level

27

Bright lighting along the road and needs of


development

ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS


i. Width of the road must comply with
existing guidelines adopted by the
Local Authority.
ii. Road network must be inter-connected
and has clear hierarchy. Dedicated
pedestrian walkway is separated from
motorised lanes.
iii. Ensure that new and existing roads
have connectivity so that there is no
separation between old and new areas.
iv. Ensure that the hierarchy and design
of the road is suitable to the type of
development and speed limit allowed.

v. Pedestrian walkway is not encouraged


to be connected to the dead end road.
vi. Provide lighting in dark areas along the
street and pedestrian walkway at the
appropriate distance and height.
vii. Maintenance of access and pedestrian
walkway regularly and constantly so
as to be in good and clean condition
to raise public condence that the said
area is well-maintained and safe to use. Pedestrian walkways which are safe, comfortable
and easily visible

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

28

ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS

viii. The provision of through road which


passes through residential area to the
surrounding area is not allowed.
ix. Access roads should be limited and
controlled (not exceeding 2 access points)
for each development (refer to Planning
Guidelines on Gated Community and
Guarded Neighbourhood for details).
x.
Provide connected pedestrian walkways
in residential areas, neighbourhood
centres, business area and areas of public
concentration for the comfort of the
pedestrians.
xi. Ensure pedestrian walkways are provided
on both sides of the road especially in
areas of public concentration.
xii. Provide pedestrian walkways that can be
visible directly from nearby premises and is
not obstructed by any structure.
xiii. Avoid space that is concealed, hidden and
space that can increase the potential for
crime on the pedestrian walkways.
xiv. Provide pedestrian walkways that can
obtain optimal natural lighting during the
day but comfortable to the users through
the provision of appropriate shade and
landscaping element.
xv. Bicycle lanes should be separated from
vehicle lanes (available next to the
pedestrian walkway but has a separate
lane).
xvi. Avoid design of telecommunication
service system that encourages
criminals to commit crime. For example,
telecommunication poles with steps.

Pedestrian walkways which are safe, comfortable and easily visible


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS

xvii. Overhead bridges are not covered by


any object such as signages, banners,
advertisement board, trees and
billboard, as well as having bright
lighting and a clear view.
xviii. Underground walkways are not
allowed to prevent criminal acts.
xix. Identify high prole zones (bank
activities, money changers, jewellers,
shops operating 24 hours) to ease
police monitoring and enable the
sharing of security devices (CCTV,
security alarm, trac calming).

Communication poles with steps

Trapped space in overhead bridge

29

Dedicated bicycle lanes

High prole zone


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

30

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

ACCESS
i. Sharp bends and steep gradients should be avoided.

Sharp bends are not allowed.


For steep corners, a set back of no less than 20 feet must be
provided.
For existing development, safety device has to be provided such
as safety mirror, trac signages and so on.
Landscaping plants that obstruct views of tight corners must be
pruned.

Justication:
Sharp corners will create entrapment spots that generate criminal
incidents.
Sucient setback will improve visibility ahead.

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health

Cutting Earth
Area

Education
Original Ground Level
Road Centre Line

Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce

Road Formation Level

Security
Religious
Setback
6.1 m (20 feet)

Source: Planning Guidelines for Development in Hilly and Highland Areas, 2009

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

ACCESS
ii. Road network system should have a clear view of space.
Justication:
Increase clarity of front view.
Increase the natural surveillance of road users towards criminal
incidents.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

31
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Clear front view of space

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

32

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

ACCESS
iii. Restrict access at backlanes and sidelanes of the building (existing
residential development).
Restrict access with the installation of temporary bollards and
guardrail.
Justication:
Improve the safety level of residents from burglary.
Restrict motor vehicle access

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library

Temporary Road
Bollards

Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

ACCESS
iv. For new development, the concept of terrace houses without
backlanes are encouraged through a number of alternatives:
a) Alternative 1: Without backlanes (Section 33 UBBL)

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

33
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area

Public facilities

Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet

b) Alternative 2: Backlane as a landscaped pedestrian walkway

Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education

Source: Draft Planning Guidelines for Backlane, 2010

Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Backlane as green area

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

34

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

ACCESS

Renovation of the back of the house up to the boundary lot is not


allowed
Encourage backlane / sidelane as green area
Utility lane as wide as 5 feet in front of the building
Residential road reserve a minimum of 50 feet
Length of a row of houses not exceeding 75 metres or (8 units of
houses in one row of terrace houses)

Justication:
Environment that is safer and of better quality
Fire safety can be improved.
Increase natural surveillance.
Enhance neighbourhood community cohesion.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare

Utility facilities in front of the house

Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

ACCESS
v. For existing commercial area (shop house / shop oce), buildings
converted to double frontage and street mall concept in backlanes
and sidelanes is encouraged.

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

35
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area

Ubah suai kepada double frontage

Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space

Jalan

Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge

Jalan

Community facilities
Health
Laluan pejalan kaki

Education
Community Hall
Public Library

Lorong belakang diubah suai menjadi Street mall

Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Back view of the shop


(Double Frontage)

Front view of the shop


(Double Frontage)
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

36

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

ACCESS
vi. Trac calming measures are provided to control the speed of trac
and safety of area such as road humps and speed table.
Justication:
Slow down the speed of vehicles in any incidence of crime.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

ACCESS
vii. Design of strata housing should provide one entrance and one
exit. The rst gate is used as the main entry and exit and the second
gate is used as an escape route which is opened in the event of an
emergency (refer to Planning Guidelines on Gated Community and
Guarded Neighbourhood).
For non-strata housing schemes, only two access roads for entrance
and exit are encouraged.
Justication:
More eective and ecient supervision of vehicle access.
Facilitate surveillance by CCTV.

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

37
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities

Health
Education

Community Hall
Public Library

Welfare

Post Oce

Security
Religious

Source: Planning Guidelines on Gated Community and


Guarded Neighbourhood, 2010

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

38

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS
viii. Pedestrian bridges and yovers are not obstructed by objects like
signages, banners, signboards, trees and outdoor signs.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS
vix. For new business development:

Row of shops are encouraged to use the concept of double


frontage, street mall and free standing building.
Five-foot way designed for row of shops is widened to 10 feet
for pedestrians. The pedestrian walkways must be levelled and
without any steps.
Design of row of shops without any ve-foot way is also
encouraged to provide pedestrian walkways of 10 feet wide (this
proposal does not conict with the guidelines of the National
Landscape Department, 2008 that is at a distance of 12 feet).
Encourage one-way streets in business areas.
Encourage high prole zones (bank activities, moneychangers,
goldsmith shops, 24 - hour convenience shops)

Justication:
Improve consumer safety.
Expand the views and improve the level of natural surveillance.
To facilitate police monitoring.
Encourage cost savings via sharing of safety equipment such as
CCTV, trac calming, security alarms and others.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

39
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Wide pedestrian walkways in front of shops


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

40

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS
x. Provide connected and uninterrupted pedestrian walkways in
residential areas, public facilities and communities of 1.52 metres
wide (5 feet) and unobstructed by any permanent structures.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS
xi. Pedestrian walkways should be separated from motorised lanes with
a buer zone or street furniture such as:
Bollard;
Railing;
Planting landscape; and
Kerb of 90 degrees
For existing developed areas, use of street furniture at pedestrian
walkways acts as an obstruction to snatch thefts.

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

41
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health

Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce

Height:
Railing is 1 m 1.1 m.
Bollard is 0.9 m.
Height should be tailored to
human scale.

Security
Religious

Setback:
Railing and bollard is placed
0.3 m from kerb.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

42

CHECK LIST 3:
ACCESS AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS
xii. Elements of urban design along pedestrian walkways buer zone
should not hinder public view.
Height of small plants (shrubs) and hedges, street furniture or railings
should not exceed 0.9 m (3).

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Source:

Adapted and modied from Crime Prevention Through


Housing Design, edited by Paul Stollard 1989 (pg.53)

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

LANDSCAPE AND ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN

43

Safe landscape

LANDSCAPE AND ELEMENTS


OF URBAN DESIGN
i.

Ensure the siting of street furniture provide comfort to users and


decreases the opportunities for crime.
ii. Plant hedges with a height of not more than 0.9 m (3) along
pedestrian walkways in areas requiring high natural surveillance.
This requirement does not conict with Section 36 of the Street,
Drainage and Building Act.
iii. Avoid planting of trees near to windows and roof of buildings.
iv. Avoid planting trees or plants that can cover doors and windows,
obstruct lightings, signboards, CCTV and other security systems.
v. Ensure signboards have bright colours with easily comprehensible
graphics and according to standards.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

44

LANDSCAPE AND ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN

vi. Locate signage at strategic locations such as main access,


entrances and at node of activities.
vii. Encourage the use of multi-functional street furniture. For
example, a lamp post could also be used for installation of
signage, CCTV and others.
viii. Use suitable structures and durable building materials that
are not easily vandalised.

Strategically located signboards that are easily visible, large, clear and brightly colored.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

CHECK LIST 4:
LANDSCAPE AND ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

LANDSCAPE
i. Elements of soft and hard landscape provided must:

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

45
REMAKS

Residential Area

Not obstruct sight line;


Comply with Guidelines of the National Landscape Department;
and
Take into account the height of matured trees.

Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities

Minimum height of lower branches of average or big tree should be


2.0 m (6) above ground.

Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space

Small plant (shrub) should not be higher than 0.9 m (3).

Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
2.0 m

Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce

0.9 metre
(3 feet)

Security
Religious

Trees should be pruned so as not to obstruct views, endangering


motorists and pedestrians.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

46

CHECK LIST 4:
LANDSCAPE AND ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN


ii. Signboard or signages provided must have:

Residential Area
Commercial Area

Information that is clear and easily read;


Regular and frequent maintenance;
Made of durable and vandal proof material; and
Does not obstruct view and pedestrian walkways.

Industrial Area
Public facilities

Jarak
Perletakan
Pandangan
(Jarak papan
Terhadap
tanda dari
Papan Tanda
lokasi sebenar) Yang Disyorkan

Kelebaran
Jalan

Saiz Ukuran
Papan Tanda
Minimum

30 m

1.1 mp

180-245 m

75 m

30 m dan 20 m

3 mp

100-180 m

60 m

20 m, 12.2 m
15.2 m

0.5 mp 0.7 mp

45 100 m

60 m

Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities

Source: Garis Panduan Perancangan Papan Iklan Luar, 2009

Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security

0.9 m

1.5 m

Religious

Signage at predestrian walkways


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CAR PARKING

Car park is within easy view from the Landscaping with plants in car parks should not hinder
street and nearby buildings.
public view.

47

Separate pedestrian walkways at car park areas.

CAR PARKING
i. The size of car parks provided must be
according to the specications of the
Local Authority.
ii. Car parks should be designed within
easy view from the street and nearby
buildings as well as optimising the use
of natural day-light.
iii. Car parks should be within reach from
nearby premises to enable easy natural
surveillance and convenience to the
user.
iv. Provide on-street car parking as a
pedestrian barrier from motorised
lanes.

v. Provide suitable element of urban


design such as soft landscaping
(shrubs) and hard landscaping
(bollards, railings, signages) as a buer
to separate motorist lanes or pedestrian
walkways with on-street car parks with
clear boundaries.
vi. Avoid hidden spots which can increase
the potential occurrence of crime in car
parking areas.
vii. Avoid provision of car parking areas
isolated from main human activities
and away from continuous and natural
surveillance of public.

viii.Provide security features such as CCTVs,


security mirrors, warning signs and
security guards in areas of weak natural
surveillance and security.
ix. Regular and continuous maintenance
of car parks to increase public
condence level.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

48

CHECK LIST
SENARAI
SEMAK
5: 5:
TEMPAT
CAR
PARKING
LETAK (DURING
KENDERAAN
CHECKING
(SEMASAOF
SEMAKAN
LAYOUT PELAN
PLAN) SUSUN ATUR)

CAR PARKING
i. Centralised car parking should be designed facing the building or
areas with high concentration of human activities.
Justication:
Increase natural surveillance and safety.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge

Example of car parks located within easy view from the street and nearby
buildings.

Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Centralised car parking area should have natural surveillance and be


within clear view from nearby buildings.
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 5:
CAR PARKING (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

CAR PARKING
ii. Car parks must be properly and adequately lit.
Justication:
Provide a sense of security to users and increase fear of oenders
to commit a crime.
Improve level of visibility of drivers and pedestrians to avoid
accidents.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

49
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

50

CHECK LIST 5:
CAR PARKING (DURING CHECKING OF LAYOUT PLAN)

CAR PARKING
iii. Motorcycle parking bays should be provided at areas wihin easy view,
main access routes and not isolated.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area

Motorcycle parking bays with locking system is encouraged.

Industrial Area

Justication:
Reduce incidences of motorcycle thefts.

Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

LIGHTING

51

LIGHTING
i. Provide adequate lighting to backlanes,
hidden and dark places.
ii. Ensure streets and pedestrian walkways
have optimum natural light during the
day.
iii. Provide adequate lighting during the
night so that the face of a person can
be seen from a distance of 10 m and
clearly recorded by CCTV.

Brightly lit areas with clear visibility

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

52

CHECK LIST 6:
LIGHTING (CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL OF STREET LIGHTING PLAN & SITE INSPECTION)

LIGHTING
i. Provide lighting on back and side lanes, front of buildings, pedestrian
bridges and bus-stops.
Justication:
Enable natural surveillance during the night.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 6:
LIGHTING (CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL OF STREET LIGHTING PLAN & SITE INSPECTION)

LIGHTING
ii. Bright and overlapping lighting should be provided to ensure the
face of a person is easily identiable at a distance of 10 metres (32
feet) and clearly recorded on CCTV.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

53
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities

Avoid dark spaces

Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Source: Draft on Lighting Implementation Guide, 2007

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

54

CHECK LIST 6:
LIGHTING (CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL OF STREET LIGHTING PLAN & SITE INSPECTION)

LIGHTING
iii. Lighting should be provided at existing entrapment areas.
Justication:
Increase the visibility and safety of the public.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce

Provide lighting to entrapment spot at night

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

Security
Religious

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

SECURITY DEVICES

55

SECURITY DEVICES
i. Security devices such as CCTV, panic button, security mirror
and warning signboard should be provided along pedestrian
walkways, at junctions or intersections between motorised lanes
and pedestrian walkways, places of high population, high prole
areas and crime prone areas as well as areas with weak natural
surveillance.
ii. Install security devices infrastructure around and inside the
building premises.

Security devices
Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

56

CHECK LIST 7:
SECURITY DEVICES (CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL OF LAYOUT PLAN & SITE INSPECTION)

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

SECURITY DEVICES
i. Security devices such as security alarm, emergency telephone, CCTV,
security mirror, panic button, warning signboard and information
should be provided accordingly:

Areas or places without clear visibility space;


Potential and existing areas exposed to crime;
Entrapment areas;
Population concentration areas; and
Security devices should be designed with durable materials that
cannot be easily vandalised.

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education

Security devices

Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE

Unoccupied and abandoned buildings should be fenced up

57

Unkempt residential and commercial premises

MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE


i. Ensure that all areas and public or private buildings are properly
managed and maintained.
i. Encourage planned monitoring such as security guards, rukun tetangga,
RELA, community policing to improve safety in an area.
iii. Ensure the design of the premises and surrounding areas do not require
regular maintenance and high cost.

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

58

CHECK LIST 8:
MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE (SITE INSPECTION)

MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE


i. Ensure that landscape plants and elements of urban design do not
require regular maintenance and high cost.
Justication:
The Local Authority or residents associations may maintain and keep
the surrounding areas in good order to create a sense of belonging.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Landscape with plants that require low maintenance


Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS

CHECK LIST 8:
MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE (SITE INSPECTION)

MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE


ii. Improved surveillance could be provided through rukun tetangga,
community policing or security services.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

59
REMAKS

Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

60

CHECK LIST 8:
MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE (SITE INSPECTION)

MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE


iii. Signages for housing estates, roads and buildings should be clearly
seen and easily read.

APPLICABLE TO LAND
USE ACTIVITY
Residential Area
Commercial Area
Industrial Area
Public facilities
Recreational Park/
Public/
Open Space
Public Transport
Terminal
Public Toilet
Flyover
Pedestrian Bridge
Community facilities
Health
Education
Community Hall
Public Library
Welfare
Post Oce
Security
Religious

Department of Town and Country Planning, Malaysia

APPLICATION
STATUS
( / X)

REMAKS