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Best Friends are Forever

People go through friends like women go through shoes. They try them on,
them for a while, and then throw them out. But there is always that one pair
that a women keeps no matter how many times she has worn them. That pair
becomes like a part of her. A best friend is like a womans favorite pair of
shoes; the one that can never be worn out.
Some friends can be worn out. When trust is lost between two friends, that
relationship is tossed. Someone who is not trustworthy is not friend worthy. A
friend should not sneak around behind a friend's back. A good friend should
be straight forward and honest with their friends.
Best friend are always there for each other. When they are bored and have
nothing to do, they will be there to entertain each other. If they are having a
bad day and need to cry, they will be a shoulder to cry on. If you are looking
to have fun, they will know where the party is. Whenever you need someone
to run to, their door is always open. Life can not be complete if you do not
have someone to do these things.
Only once in your life does someone find a true best friend that can always
be trusted and that is always there. Sometimes the connection is so strong it
is empowering; together the two can rule the world. Also the way the two
connect is so odd, some kind of out-of-this world force, the way they seem to
read each others minds. This kind of friendship is so rare and should never
be taken for granted if found. Best friends are for ever; and they never go out
of style.

What qualities define a friend? How much can you trust them, if you get
along with them most of the time. Those are only two examples of what a
good friend should be there are many more. People have a wide range of the
type of friends that they have as well. Here is what a friend means to me.
There are many different levels of friends out there. Your best friends who you
can tell anything in the world to your not so great friends that you dont see
or talk to often. It is always a good idea to have best friends because you can
fall back on them when you have rough times, and have memorable times
with them as well. If you are lucky enough to have a childhood friend that is
something special. Growing up with someone as your friend puts that special
bond between the two of you that can never be broken. Of course there are
bad friends out there too. The ones that will share your secrets with others,
and talk about you behind your back. This will happen to everyone so do not
be worried.
As there are many different levels of friends there are also many different
levels of trust. Who to trust with your secrets that no one else needs to know?
Best friends of course because there is no one better. As for the rest of the
friends how much trust is given should be dependant on if they have shown
that they can be trusted.


A family is a connection among a group of people that provides guidance

through trustworthy acceptance, security based on concepts of love and
respect, as well as stress that stems from authoritative conflict and
conformity. Imagine a world with no families. You are born into society from
another person and then sent away to fend for yourself in an unpredictable
world. How you survive? Would you have someone to guide you through the
early years of your life until you were able to take care of yourself? If this
were the case, the person who guided you could then be considered a family
member. However, if the person was more like a formal teacher that was
there solely to give guidance and not love or affection until you reached a
certain age, then it could be more plausible that a world without families
could exist. But would society have an empty space where the trust and
reliance on families would exist, or would people eventually grow to establish
their own close groups, similar to what we now refer to as friendships, that
would fill the emotional significance that a family embodies? Families are a
necessity in society. Whether or not some people wish that they were not a
part of their family, they would still seek the comfort and security that a
family provides. .

Importance of Education
Education is an effort of the senior people to transfer their knowledge to the
younger members of society. It is thus an institution, which plays a vital role
in integrating an individual with his society and in maintaining the
perpetuation of culture. Emile Durkheim defines education as the influence
exercised by the adult generation upon those who are not yet ready for adult
He further maintains that society can survive only if there exists among its
members a sufficient degree of homogeneity. The homogeneity is
perpetuated and reinforced by education. A child through education learns
basic rules, regulations, norms and values of society.
Education thus is an essential prerequisite of modernization. It enables
people to know the world beyond their own surroundings and transforms
them to become rationalist and humanist in outlook and world view.
However, it has to be kept in mind that the education has got modernized
and in turn is contributing to the process of modernization of the Indian
The traditional education system of India was quite different from the
contemporary one. In traditional Indian society, the number of educational
institutions was too small and the content of education was esoteric and
essentially related with religion, philosophy, metaphysics and scriptural
The education was confined to the twice-born castes and the upper classes.
The organizational structure was ascriptive and hereditary. The lower castes,
particularly the scheduled castes, were denied education. Even today, the
Madrassah education among Muslims is largely based on religion, philosophy
and scriptural messages. Shishu Mandirs also have religion and tradition as
parts of curriculum.
Modern education is exoteric, open and liberal. The world-view is scientificrational; the theme consists of freedom, equality, humanism and denial of
faith in dogma and superstitions. The course contents are rationalistic and in
tune with the needs of the present-day society.

Science and technology, grammar and literature, social philosophy, history

and culture, geography and ecology, agriculture and horticulture comprise
the vast range of subjects which are taught in schools, colleges and
The modern education lays emphasis on the subjects like freedom,
nationality, law, human rights, democracy and scientific world view. The other
parts of education are the co-curricular and extra-curricular activities, which
are often organized for total personality development of a student.The
modern education is change-oriented and, therefore, courses are modified
time and again corresponding to the changes taking place in society at large
so as to keep pace with the needs of the changing situations in the wake of
fast-changing industrial society.

Global Warming

One of the biggest problems facing the world today is global warming. Many
scientists believe that our production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse
gases is having a heating effect on the atmosphere, and this could be very
dangerous for human life. This essay will examine the problem of global
warming and suggest some ways of solving the problem.
Many problems could result from global warming. One of the biggest
problems is rising sea level. This could result in the flooding of low lying
coastal areas and cities, such as Egypt, the Netherlands, and Bangladesh.
Some countries might even disappear completely! Another problem caused
by global warming is changes in weather patterns. Many areas of the world
are experiencing increased hurricanes, floods, and other unusual weather. A
third problem associated with global warming is the effect on animals. Fish
populations could be affected, while some insects which spread disease
might become more common.
There are several things we can do to solve the problem of global warming.
One solution is to stop producing C02. We can do this by switching from oil,
coal and gas to renewable energy. Another solution is to plant more trees.
Trees absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, which is not a greenhouse
gas. A third solution is to use less energy and to recycle more products.
Generating electricity is one of the main sources of carbon dioxide. If we use
less electricity, we will produce less C02.
In conclusion, if we make small changes now in the way we live, we can avoid
huge changes in the future. Scientists, governments and individuals must
work together to overcome this threat.
The greenhouse effect and global warming are issues that are talked about by
geologists all the time. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that keeps
the earth at temperatures that are livable. Energy from the sun warms the
earth when its heat rays are absorbed by greenhouse
gasses and become trapped in the atmosphere. Some of the most common
greenhouse gasses are water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane. If there
were no greenhouse gasses, very few rays would be absorbed and the earth
would be extremely cold. When too many rays are absorbed, the earth?s
atmosphere starts to warm, which leads to global warming. Global warming
can lead to many problems that affects the environment in which we live.
In order to talk about global warming, we must first learn what causes the
greenhouse effect. A lot of the rays from the sun are absorbed by water vapor
that is naturally in our atmosphere. Water vapor accounts for 80 percent of
natural greenhouse warming. The remaining 20 percent is due to other
gasses that are present in very small amounts (Murck, Skinner and Porter
488). Carbon dioxide is also a big absorber of the suns heat rays. Humans

can cause a lot of carbon dioxide to be released. Every time we burn fossil
fuels, we release more carbondioxide. Emissions from cars also increase the
amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. If there is more carbon dioxide
in the atmosphere more rays from the sun are absorbed. This will cause the
atmosphere and the earths temperature to warm. The warming of the earth
will cause the oceans to become warmer. When they heat up, more water is
evaporated, causing more carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere.
Once this process starts, it is extremely hard to control. If the temperature
keeps rising, more carbon dioxide will be released.
Another greenhouse gas is methane: Methane absorbs infrared radiation 25
times more effectively than carbon dioxide, making it an important
greenhouse gas despite its relatively low concentration (490). There have
been many studies on how methane is released into the atmosphere.
Methane in the atmosphere is generated by biological activity related to
ricecultivation, leaks in domestic and industrial gaslines, and the digestive
process of domestic livestock, especially cattle (490).
An environmental effect of global warming is the fact that higher
temperatures will lead to a change in the water cycle. Some places may
experience more rain. Warmer temperatures will cause a greater amount of
evaporation from lakes, rivers, and oceans. In some areas this could begood,
and in others it could be considered bad. In northern regions of the United
States, anincrease in the temperature and amount of rain could actually
extend the growing season of crops. This would in turn mean more money for
farmers in the northern region. It could also hurt some farmers. Too much rain
is bad for some crops. Certain areas will actually get less rain, which would
lead to more droughts and have a negative impact on crops. Warm and wet
weather is usually a factor that promotes tropical storms. Global warming
would lead to tropical storms appearing with greater frequency. More rain will
also force plant life to adjust. Forests and plant life migrate naturally, but
scientists say that global warming would cause them to migrate at a much
faster rate. If the climate changes the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change says, some forest species in North America will shift by as much as
300 miles to the north. If a region is getting more rain and plants on
theborder of that region need rain to survive, they will naturally begin
growing in the new region.
The Environmental Media Services Organization has found that the
greenhouse effect could drive global temperatures up as much as 6 degrees
by the year 2100 - an increase in heat comparable to the 10 degree warming
that ended the last ice age. If a ten degree warming was the factor that
ended the ice
age, imagine what another warming by about that same amount could do.
Scientists believe that a warming of only 6 degrees would cause glaciers to
melt at a high rate. This would cause an increase in the level of the oceans.

According to the article Turning up the Heat: How Global Warming Threatens
Life in the Sea,? coastal cities and islands would be in danger of flooding if
the ocean levels rose: Only a 1-cm rise in sea level can erode a full 1 meter of
beach (Berntson and Mathews-Amos . Sea ice would also be susceptible to
melting, which would raise the water level even more.
Global warming will not just make sea levels rise, it will also affect sea life.
Corals are intolerant of temperatures just a few degrees warmer than usual
(ibid.). Small increases in the temperature can kill corals. There have been
problems with corals dying in the past few years because of increased water
temperatures. Other marine life may migrate northward or southward
because the waters are warmer. The warm water would make them think that
they were in their natural habitat, when they were actually migrating toward
the poles. Food would be scarce in their new habitat.
Patterns of the circulation of sea water are disturbed by global warming.
Cold water moves along the sea floor towards the equator and warm water
around the equator moves toward the poles across the surface of the ocean.
It is known as thermohaline circulation. It is a very important process
concerning ocean life. This circulation process brings oxygenated water to the
sea floor. If this did not happen, water along the sea floor would become
depleted of the oxygen organisms need to survive (ibid.).
Fish, such as salmon, are also sensitive to the temperature of the water.
During the summer when the water is warm, salmon have a higher metabolic
rate. During the winter months, their metabolism slows down, which is good
because less food is available. With global warming and increased water
temperatures, salmon would have a higher metabolic rate, even if it were
during the winter. Less food would be available for them and many salmon
would die.
Another impact of global warming will be that some diseases are likely to
be spread more easily. Mosquitoes are a major carrier of tropical diseases.
They are commonly known for carrying malaria, cholera, and dengue fever.
Malaria outbreaks are usually confined to where the minimum winter
temperature reaches no lower than 16 [degrees Celsius], according to the
World Wide Fund for Nature, an independent conservation organization.
Scientists are beginning to notice that malaria outbreaks are occurring
outside these places. They are attributing this to increased temperatures
from global warming. Places such as California, Texas, Florida, Michigan, and
New York have had more cases of malaria. People from these states know
that the summers have been very hot and humid lately. Malaria mosquitoes
thrive in hot and humid weather.Increased temperatures and more rain in
some areas will cause hot and humid weather, which will allow for
mosquitoes to migrate to new places and spread the disease. A study
suggests that malaria transmission would increase from 45% of the globe to
60%, if atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases reach concentrations

equivalent to a doubling of CO2 since the industrial revolution (ibid.). Cholera

and dengue fever are also carried by mosquitoes and thrive in warm and
moist climates. As with malaria, more cholera and dengue fever outbreaks
would occur because of migrating mosquitoes.
As stated earlier, the warming of the oceans will increase the amount of
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and will make global warming a problem of
increasing severity. There are other ways that this happens too. As the
weather becomes warmer, more organic matter in the ground will be
decomposed. This causes carbon dioxide to be released into the
atmosphere: ?If average temperatures would rise by .3 degrees C per decade,
soils will release an amount of CO2 equal to nearly 20 percent of the
projected amount released by combustion of fossil fuels? (Murck, Skinner and
Porter 495 ). Gas hydrates will also decompose with warmer temperatures.
Gas hydrates are icelike solids in which molecules of gas, mainly methane,
are locked in the structure of water? and are usually found in frozen soil or in
ocean sediments (495). Scientists have found that ?gas hydrates worldwide
hold a total of 10,000 billion metric tons of carbon, twice the amount
contained in all the known coal, gas, and oil reserves on the land? (495).
When temperaturesincrease, frozen soil will melt and release gas hydrates,
and hydrates from ocean sediment will also break down. Because of this,
more methane and carbon will be released into the atmosphere, making the
greenhouse effect even stronger. This will damage our environment even
Global warming is becoming a major problem as we move to the 21st
century and beyond. When more greenhouse gasses like carbon dioxide and
methane are released, they trap heat raysand keep them in our atmosphere.
This causes an increase in temperature. Increases in temperature can do a lot
of damage, even in small increases. Only a few degrees ended the ice age
thousands of years ago. Another warming like that can have huge
environmental effects. Changes in temperature will upset water cycles. Some
areas will get more precipitation, some will get less. A warming of a few
degrees would cause glaciers and sea ice to melt. This would lead to ocean
levels rising and would damage coastal cities and islands. It would also cause
a disruption in different species living in the ocean and increase the levels of
some disease,especially ones carried by mosquitoes, which thrive in warm
climates. In order to stop global warming, much has to be done. Although it is
very difficult to reverse once the process is started, global warming has to be
stopped if we want to live like we are now. Emission of fossil fuels by humans
is a big factor in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Controlling
these emissions is one of the first of many steps that we must take in order to
combat global warming. If it is not controlled, problems such as the
aforementioned ones, along with others, will definitely disrupt our living


Biggest Evil in our Society

Corruption is one of the deadly, undesirable and wicked sins that has been
imposed on the innocent man by some hungry looking monsters. It is
omnipresent, almost like a distorted, antithetical version of God for the
present times. It doesnt sound euphonious when we hear that it has not only
led to the malfunctioning of the administrative system and poor law and
order, but also some serious causes like poverty and redtapism, which has
led to the societys disability. It has distorted all values and made mincemeat
of morality, truth and virtue. It has entered into every single aspect of our
lives becoming all-pervasive just similar to the air we breathe. It is growing
massively in huge proportions and there is barely any sphere of social,
political, economic and even religious activity that is free from graft, fraud
and corruption of some kind. It is now regarded as a fact of life and an evil
which is inseparable with which we have to live with throughout.
It happens as much as in the daylight, as it is done behind the closed doors. It
is under every stone we turn and every door we open. Thus, it is this
corruption that can be considered as a deadly sin in our society and it is a
shame that we are being evasive and denying this fact by considering it as a
habit and a part of our lives.
Human beings are full of temptations. After all human beings are human
beings. And in fact, gold and cash acts as a bait to these politicians and
officials who are fond of bribe in any way. They just need something to avoid
the itching on their hands. But the stink lies not only in the prevalence of the
lure of gold, but in the hypocrisy that accompanies it.
Its really disheartening when a corrupt person after taking a bribe, talks
about the high moral standards and urges people to follow the principles and
ideologies of Mahatma Gandhi, and remain honest, true and just in whatever
they do. Such hypocrisy complexes the offence, but the ministers, politicians
and officials are getting callous and do not pay any heed. Sadly, just like one
of the evil characters like Raavan in the human mythology Ramayana, there
are plenty of greed addicts that are prevalent in the society which are
pushing humanity into a medieval sort of decadence. Everyone now a days,
from government officials to the judiciary people to the private corporate
gurus, all are thirsting for personal profits.
The energetic youth today can be one source that can actually uproot the
very weed of corruption. It can act like a vanarsena and attack with full force
the authorities which play the major culprit feeding this malady. Positive
reforms should be brought out, so that we not only dream but also work


together actively hand in hand towards developing a nation that is free from
the evil called CORRUPTION.

Road safety
Everyday many people are involved in road accidents. Some are killed. Many
more are injured or maimed. So it is important for us to learn to use the roads
properly and safely. No sane person would like to be involved in an accident.
As the roads are very busy nowadays, we should be very careful when
crossing one. It is safer to use a pedestrian crossing or an overhead bridge
whenever one is available. Never cross a road by dashing across it. That is
inviting trouble. If there are no crossings, then we must look carefully right
and left and cross only when it is safe to do so.
Some of us take the bus to school. It is important that we do not try to get on
or off a bus while it is still moving. I tried to get on a moving bus once. It
dragged me a short distance and nearly ran over me. I was lucky to escape
with only some scratches on my legs. Also we must not fool around while in
the bus. A suddenly lurch can send us knocking our heads against something
Using a bicycle can be dangerous too. We must pay attention on the road and
never cycle too far out to the middle of the road. We must obey all traffic
rules. Also we must make sure our bicycles are in good condition with
working brakes, lights etc
These are some things we can do to avoid accidents. However there is no
guarantee that we will never be involved in one. The important thing is to
stay alert at all times while using the roads. We must know what is happening
around us. In that way we can take necessary action to avoid danger
whenever we see one. Road safety is very much up to how we use the roads.
Use them carefully and we may be able to use them for a long time. Use
them carelessly and we may never be able to use them again.


Benefits of Travelling

Many people ponder what they should do for a vacation and I realized a lot of
people dont seem to share my views about traveling. I believe its very
important to see the world and different cultures. It lets us open our minds to
new things and we get to experience life in exiting different ways.
Traveling gives us the opportunity to disconnect from our regular life. You get
to forget your problems/issues for a few weeks, it can also help you figure
things out that you would not have understood without the distance traveling
can give you. We all have crazy schedules, work and a family to take care of,
going away alone or with some friends can give you distance and perhaps
even make you realize how important these people are for you generic viagra
100mg. Like the saying says: we never know what we have until we lose it.
Another great benefit is the relaxation you get to do. Its nice to live life to its
fullest and enjoy a stress free time with yourself. Going on vacation lets us
recharge our batteries by disconnecting us from our regular life. When we
come back we feel invigorated and we are happy to be back in our day to day
routine. Its a very good stress remover that has a lot more to give than most
people are willing to accept.
Traveling increases our knowledge and widens our perspective. To view new
customs, different ways of living is fantastic for the mind. It gives us a new
perspective about life and especially our life, it can help us change some of
our habits or even create new ones. When I travel I usually make it a point to
try new food, some cultures dont have fries in their diet and they are all
skinny, others use spices to give taste and not oils or fats. Discovering
different values and ways to get by in life is really interesting. You also need
to visit exotic new places and discover what this wonderful world has to offer.
New experiences increase our resourcefulness by living situations you would
never encounter at home, this is great experience for you when you come
back to your routine. I have noticed that people who traveled a lot in life were
ready to embrace change and have a natural ability of overcoming problems
that others would frown upon.
When traveling with friends or family it creates memories for a lifetime.
These memories will create a bond that nothing can erase no matter what
happens with the friendship/relationship. It can also give a new perspective
on the relationship and cement the bond forever. It also gives nice stories to
tell people afterwards, you can create photo albums about your trips and
when you feel nostalgic you can take an hour of your life and experience the
trips again by looking at your pictures.


Its never been this cheap to travel. With soaring oil prices the cheap travel
era might be coming to an end. However there are still many budget airlines
fighting for your dollar right now. With the internet and all the new
technology, you can plan your trip exactly the way you want it. You can
choose your budget, the duration of the trip and what you want to do. I
suggest to read travel blogs and see what others are experiencing, you can
save yourself a few hurdles by reading about their trip.
If you have some time off I suggest to take that trip and experience what life
has to offer. Dont wait or tell yourself there will be a better time to go. Take
the risk, the opportunity and buy your plane ticket right now and leave. When
you come back you wont be sorry that you left, on the contrary you will be
thinking of your next trip the second you come back from the airport.
Feel free to let me know how traveling helped you out, what new experiences
you lived and how they helped you in your life.


Music in my life

I was inspired to write this article just so I could express how much music
means to me and how empty my lif would be without it.
Music is one of the most important and powerful things in my life. My life
without melodies and harmonies would be totally empty. Listening to and
playing different tunes helps me to de-stress, relax and it can also help to
motivate me in trying times. I love listening to music while on my way to
school, as I feel it helps me to prepare for the day that waits. I think it is like
the memoirs to my life as it has been there throughout everything with me.
When I was younger, I didnt have the great love for musical as I do now. I
mainly listened to whatever was playing in the background or what my
parents were listening to. I didnt have much of a care for musical
compositions. There was sometimes a little bit of pop music thrown in to the
mix here and there, but thats really all I liked back then. Whether I was in the
car, the house, or anywhere else there was sure to be some Beatles, Buddy
Holly, or the Dubliners constantly playing somewhere in the background. At
the time I didnt care for that genre of music much, but now as Im older, I
enjoy it as it allows me to reminisce on memories from times of my
childhood. Once I hit my teenage years music became my life and gradually
started to inhibit my soul.
I believe music has the ability to convey all sorts of emotion. Whether the
emotion is joy and happiness or sadness and despair through rhythms,
harmonies and the lyrics music shows it. The song A little bit longer by Nick
Jonas is such an emotional and inspiring song that when I hear it, I always
come close to tears, especially when I watch it being played live. The effect
that music can have on our emotions is tremendous, as it can bring people to
floods of tears or bursts of laughter.
The musical images that music and song are able to create are amazing.
Music has the ability to transport me back in time just like a time machine. It
lets me revisit lost and forgotten moments in life. Songs can paint a picture,
for example in classical and country music where a story is being told. The
music in classical music tells a story without lyrics which is an immensely
powerful thing. I feel that this applies to the saying music imitates life and
life imitates music.
Recently song writing has wandered its way into my life. I believe there is no
better way to express myself than through song. After a bad day, its nice to
be able to sit down and write about it. It can make all your problems just
disappear and float away. Listening to other musical artists that I like gives


me inspiration. My guitar teacher also points me in the right direction and

gives me guidance as I need it. I love to just sit with my guitar and make up
random lyrics about past experiences or what Im going through at the
I started learning how to play the guitar last year and within the past few
months I have fallen completely and utterly in love with it. Once I start
playing, I find it extremely hard to put the guitar down again. Its very
addictive and can also be distracting sometimes. It distracts me from my
homework since my guitar sits right next to my desk. Playing guitar is one of
the only things in my life in which I dont feel pressurized to do well in. I think
this is because I have a great teacher and she doesnt push me to the music
This past summer my grandma taught me how to play the piano. I had always
heard stories about how my great grandfather, her father, was brilliant at the
piano. He would sit at the piano for hours on end playing different well known
songs as making up his own little tunes. He had taught my grandma how to
play and I felt it was about time that I learnt. So when I was staying with my
grandma and grandpa during the summer, I asked her to teach me. She was
delighted to and now its something nice that we can both do together and
bond over.
I believe music effects people in many different ways. To me music is more
than just something to listen to or play, its something to feel. Music is
extremely important in my life. I think it brings me closer to my friends and
family. I also feel that it helps me to get through things. For example, I
remember doing the twenty six kilometre gaisce hike and the whole way
along the hike we sang songs. Music is an immensely powerful thing and has
a huge place in my life right next to my heart.



War is, without argument the worst collective experience of humanity. It has
created new nations on the rubbles of destroyed cities and humans dead.
It involves mass killing without humane feelings even if short and swift. Our
recent experience with Kargil, which was not even not even a full-fledged
war, reopened the sordidness of military action.
Wars, when prolonged like the World Wars, result in human brutality, mass
extermination of races and intolerable atrocities on innocent civilians. All
rules are kept on the backburner and what matters is victory or defeat. The
21st Century has seen the development of weapons, controlled by
computerized systems, with pin-point accuracy and a million-fold increase in
powers of destruction compared to our previous wars.
Weapons and tactics have undergone total transformation in the last
millennium but no deterrent has managed to quell human conflict. It may
look totally different has managed to quell human conflict. It may look totally
different for the war-mongers but no the common man it gives the same
results death and destruction. The totally of wars since 1945 right from
Nagasaki and Hiroshima to iraq and Afganistan continue to grow without
respite. The irony of the new millennium is that improvement in technology
and scientific advancement have given us more options, leaving us with our
major drawback, our primitive human failing the fear of the other.
The core reasons for fighting wars are about proving superiority, hegemony,
competition for dominating the region or the world and for economic survival.
The recent wars, to preserve the efficacy of the democratic system, may be a
phase which is temporary.
The US military historian and analyst Colonel Macgregor states this explicitly,
We did not fight Hitler just because he was a Nazi or the fight against Stalin
was not because he was a Communist. Similarly the US ambassador to NATO
asserted, Our shared values of freedom, democracy, the rule of law, respect
for human rights are themselves every bit as much worth depending as our
territory. This may be applicable for the war on Iraq or Afghanistan but vital
interests are of primary importance. Otherwise why has NATO kept allot from
Kashmir, Africa, Chechenay or Algeria inspite of terrorism and absolute
human suffering. Examples of Bosnia, Kosovo and East Timor are now
exceptions but do raise our expectations for intervention in cases of
upholding human rights.
The situation has drastically changed today with hand-held missiles capable
of bringing down aircraft. The US faced this situations in Somalia and
Afghanistan. Even very back in 1993, the US experienced the result of new


weapons, in the hands of hurriedly formed mercenary and militia. The

ragged, underfed and ill uniformed militia was capable of bringing down
helicopters and kill marines, wrecking a super-power campaign in Somalia.
The civil war in Somalia was further intensified due to their intervention. The
bloodshed in Algeria continued in 1998 but the NATO and other super-powers
including France just sat back and twiddled their thumbs.
Serbia also proved a point by creating a human crisis which could not be
solved by the forces of NATO, It had to find its own solution to the problem.
Intervention in Yugoslavia or Iraq has not been able to subdue the rulers
there and even after carpet bombing and unleashing their might the NATO
powers could not reach a conclusion.
From these results, it has been proved that self-imposed political limitations
on the amount of force to be used, can simply leave problems unresolved.
The future holds more terror with smaller States like North Korea going in for
nuclear weapons and States like Pakistan passing on technology to other
Islamic states. Lybia under Colonel Gaddafi had been seeking this technology
at any price and the day is not far off when Islamic militants will be able to
get together a makeshift weapon. Major powers will be facing the paradox of
yet more asymmetric warfare by small adversaries wielding outsize weapons
capable of atomic explosions and chemical warfare.
India had this situation at Kargil when they faced a few hundred mercenaries,
terrorists and Pakistani militia, entrenched at the heights. The result was that
it took us 50 days of all out effort leaving is with 407 dead and 584 wounded,
with six missing. It was only after the Air Force was put into substantial use
that we succeeded in our efforts to recapture the god-forbidden heights.
Air campaigns alone today, can bring about drastic results and with precision
air power alone serve as an effective and peacemaking lever. The surrender
and demise of the Taliban Government in Afghanistan was activated by the
non-stop aerial bombing by US fighter bombers. The terrain and the weather
would have made any other mode a long drawn process with casualties
shooting sky high.
Experts are of differing opinions on the strategy to be adopted in the face of
threats from rogue States and fanatical groups like Islamic fundamentalists as
well as peacekeeping tasks that stop short of full-fledged war. In todays
context, arms proliferation has speeded up. The right computer chip in an
adaptable missile aboard an off-shore trawler or a pick-up truck, makes a
formidable weapon of mass destruction, launched by a small but implacable
The call by US today of a space shield and an anti-missile defence are
prompted not by fear of a superpower like the erstwhile Soviet Union, but

countries like Libya, Iraq, North Korea or the master of all terrorists Osama
Bin Laden. The latter could not be cowed down even after near destruction of
Afghanistan. All the US monitors and technology could not stop the 9/11
terror of the towers being destroyed. The pace of ware between nuclear
powers has receded, but these terror annihilations by groups. Can they be
stopped? Its a different kind of war now, but as destructive or even more
than earlier, for humanity.

Qualities Of A Good Leader

An efficient leader is defined as a person who is followed by the others.
Besides that, a leader has to know about the human nature, and be able to
direct people reducing the group's doubts about succeeding. Some people
believe that a leader is born that way and there is no way, practicing or
studying, to create a leader. They are wrong because inside of each and
every one of us there is a leader waiting to be awake and holding on an
opportunity to come out. A leader is capable of influencing and inspiring the
people around him to voluntarily commit towards accomplishing a certain
goal. There are different types of leadership people who specialize in trying to
understand this important phenomenon. The only kind of leadership in which
a person communicates true self are by way resonates with other people.
This behavior is highly individual and situational for both the leader and
follower and therefore there are a huge variety of ways in which effective
leadership occurs. On top of that, when we think about the characteristic of a
leader, we often think of leaders that are dynamic, which makes each of us to
follow. We could take an example, such as Hitler. He did not have the values
that we should follow, but he had that inspiration for the country to follow. If
we also stop to think about the leaders today, we do not get the same vision
of a leader that has a dynamism that is hard to resist, but rather a leader that
has a good quality. The characteristics of a leader are not behaviors that will
be new to those that strive to master them. Developing a good leadership
skills take time, just like perfecting an idea or delivering on a project. Without
an investment of time, very few people will have the skills to become the
great leaders. Thus, there are many types of characteristic of being a good
and efficient leader. A good leader is confident in doing everything.
In order to lead and set direction a leader needs to appear confidently as a
person and in the leadership role so that this person inspires confidence in
others and brings out the trust and best efforts of the team to complete their
work well. A leader who conveys confidence towards the proposed objective
inspires the best effort from team members. Believing in their abilities is an
essential way of a good leader. The next character of an efficient and good
leader is responsible leader. A leader influences people and has a lot of power


to move his team and followers. An irresponsible leader can create a disaster
if he does not act responsibly. A leader must know that he is responsible for
the team's achievements. If his team fails, he must have the courage of
taking responsibility for that, and should then take steps to solve it. He also
should not blame his team members unnecessarily if they have failed.
Honesty is also one of the characters of an efficient and good leader. People
nowadays want to trust their leader. The best way to gain trust in a leader is
through the honest and trustworthy. In order to gain that attribute of honesty,
you must go out of your way to display that honesty as an individual. When
you don't admit that something didn't work, you are making a mistake. When
you are honest you turn into an influence to other people. A good leader, as
well as keeping the main goal in focus, is able to think analytically. Not only
does a good leader view a situation as a whole, but is able to break it down
into sub parts for closer inspection. While keeping the goal in view, a good
leader can break it down into manageable steps and make progress towards
it. No one likes a slack leader. It goes without saying that the best performer
or the person who is most passionate and committed should be made the
leader. This ensures that a level of professionalism is maintained, and that no
one starts taking it easy at any point in time.
It's easy to get carried away with a position of power, so the best leaders are
those who use their power for the betterment of everyone, not abuse their
power for their own personal betterment. Furthermore, effective
communication is also one of the characteristic of a good and efficient leader.
He should be able to put across what needs to be done and how. At the same
time, he should be willing to accept relevant suggestions from his
subordinates. He should have the ability to listen, question, analyze and
observe effectively. He should believe that actions speak louder than words. A
leader who constantly changes his or her tune will confuse the team
members and this will lower their productivity. A leader must therefore be
consistent in his actions, his words, and in his thoughts as well. Leaders who
are biased never make good leaders, so he should be completely neutral and
should display consistency that amazes everyone. Thus, an efficient and good
leader must also know how to co -operate with his team. He should get to
know his team members should not appear as an overly strict and rigid
personality. Finally as a good and efficient leader, a leader must have
passion. They should not make the necessary courageous and difficult
decisions and carry them into action. So, the people around the world should
give respect for all the leaders. Thus, we also should encourage the leaders
by giving importance to them and also become their followers.
I have seen so many people struggle in life to succeed. They do everything
possible to be a successful person. For them, success depends only on the
amount of hard work they can put into their work. Besides that, a successful


person is somebody who has been able to start a project and see it to the end
and should also have guided quiet a number of people to bring their own
projects to completion. A successful person also who is able to achieve an
aim, fame, wealth or social position. Thus, there are some qualities that I feel
justified in calling an individual a successful person. The first qualities that I
found in a successful person are they work on themselves and never quit.
Most of the successful people work on their personality, their leadership
skills, management skills, and every other detail of life. When a relationship
or business deal goes sour, they assume they can learn from it and they
expect to do better next time. Successful people don't tolerate flaws and they
fix themselves in a position. Besides that, they are self -reliant and take
responsibility in their work. Successful person they don't worry about blame,
and they don't waste time complaining. They make decisions and move on.
Sometimes they are criticized for taking this to extremes. Extremely
successful person take the initiative and accept the responsibilities of
success. The next qualities of a successful person are they know how to
separate what is important and what is not important. We have so many
decisions to make every day. We sometimes lose our mind of what day it is
because of the number of things that we think about every day. When we are
able to separate what is important from what is not, we will find ourselves
accomplishing the goals more fast and find ourselves doing more of what we
want to do rather than things we have to do. On top of that, they also make
decisions and take action. Either it is right or wrong action, they do accept it.
Successful person are also an open minded and are willing to learn.
They take the time to study and learn what is necessary to improve their
skills. They are open to thoughts, suggestions, solutions, new information and
change rather than thinking they already know everything, that there is
nothing much to learn. They are also a positive person.Successful people
don't let negative events alter their ego. They see the glass half full and not
half empty. They are known as the ones who raise the positiveness among
others. Those around them want to stay with them because they make them
feel better. Furthermore, they never criticize others and never complain about
others. Successful people don't criticize others when they are not listening,
because otherwise people among them will recognize them as persons who
tend to talk behind others. Everyone is able to complain about things. Bad
things happen and complaining about them it's not a good solution to stop
them to happen. If they're wrong, they are admitting to be wrong as a sign of
superiority, and that's what successful people do. Trustworthy are also plays
important roles for a successful person. We have know that ourselves clearly
and trust ourselves at all situation. And at the meanwhile, don't forget to
improve ourselves from work, books and others. We also need to focus on
what we want and focus on our goal and know what we want in detail.
Successful person are also leaders and thinkers.


They don't follow the pack. They are innovative and quick to offer solutions
when an issue arises. They are very fast-thinkers. Successful people read
books a lot. Books that will help them get ahead, become motivated, and
improve their lives. They know that college or university is not the end of
their learning. It may just be the beginning. Besides, successful person also is
a good thinker. They solve problems, they never lack ideas for building an
organization, and they always have hope for a better future. Good thinkers
rarely find themselves at the mercy of ruthless people who would take
advantage of them or try to deceive them. They also rule themselves under
an oppressive ruler or in other difficult circumstances.
Successful people are the best time managers. They carefully check out the
time frame within which they have to achieve their objectives. No matter
what comes in their way, they do not stop from sticking to these timelines.
Either it's their family, friends or commitments they do not compromise on
their schedule and will manage in completing all planned activities within the
time planned. They precaution not to be interrupted and if such
circumstances arise, they go ahead with what they had originally planned.
This shows that they are focused in accomplishing great tasks. The next
qualities of a successful person are how the goal is or the route to achieving
it, they never give up. They face every obstacle head on. Success is
everywhere. People who earn their respect and reputation are successful, and
people can reach their goal by their endeavor are also successful. Success is
a happiness of every one's life. Thus, these are the qualities that I feel
justified in calling an individual as a successful person.


Dream is something that all of us need to have. It is our vision. Dream

is what you want to do for your future. I believe that having a great dream, is
a must to us. And I have a big dream. Next year, I will confront a big
examination, SPM. It is very necessary for us get a good result from this
exam. This is our future.
My dream is to be great neurosurgeons. I know it is not simple at all.
But I know I can achieve it. I feel like this is my destiny. This is why I came to
this world. I do not know when or how I am going to achieve this. But it will
not be easy. I am constantly studying in school right now. I cannot give up
even if I fail. There is a saying that failure is the greatest teacher. I know in
order to pursue my dream, I will face failure. This cannot be stopped. Even


Albert Einstein and Sir Isaacs Newton faced failure when they are trying to
create a great formula that is remained to be used till today.
I got influence when I watched a drama titled Brain. It is a very
great drama. To me, brain is most powerful thing in this world. The human
brain is the center of the human nervous system. It has the same general
structure as the brains of other mammals, but is larger than expected on the
basis of body size among other primates. It controls everything that we do.
Brain is a very interesting and unique thing to study about. I would
like to perform a surgery on brain. It will be hard, but I am ready because I
always am. I will make a lot of money. I will buy my parents a house and they
can rest comfortably in the house without doing any difficult works. They had
gone through a lot in order to raise me and my sisters. I can always make a
research on how to make a good but affordable surgery. It is very crucial
because nowadays, the surgery especially on brain is costly. Not all people
can afford this.
There is not much brain surgery in conducted in Malaysia because
there are not many specialists here. If someone need to undergone
neurosurgery, they will fly overseas where the facilities is said to be more
perfect. In 10 years from now, Malaysia will change to well develop country.
So the facilities here will be more perfect. More brain surgery can be
conducted here.
Like I said before, it is very important to have a big dream. It is not
wrong. Even if you cannot achieve if, just make it as your vision. Dream can
help you to prepare to face this challenging world. What am I going through
now is just the start. I just find the keys. I am still trying to open the door.
When I finally did, I will not hesitate.

How Technology Affects our Worlds

Technology is the present world. It affects peoples daily lives. Whether it
inspires somebody to be the master at videogames or makes somebody a
computer hacker. It has changed the generation of teenagers/young adults
rapidly. It has made the generation more greedy, ignorant, and lazy. For
instance, my parents did not have fancy cell phones or high-tech computers
back then because it was never created. They only had a bike and ball until it
was worn out. They never thru a fit for not getting what they wanted or sat at
home, playing videogames for numerous hours. They would ALWAYS be

outside, whether the weather was hot or cold, playing soccer or having a
snowball fight with their friends. And when they didnt want to go outside,
they sat down, read a book, played cards, or even drank hot cocoa. Now a
day, its all about getting an ipod touch or a phone with a touch screen. Soon,
people will have chairs that will fly around to get a soda from the fridge so
they dont have to get their butt up and walk. Though there seems to be
more negative influence of technology, there may still be some silver lining.
Technology is taking over our world. People dont realize what it is doing. In
the music industry for instance, when a new song comes out by a famous
rockstar wearing a metal jacket with no shirt on and multiple piercings,
people end up coming to school dressed the same way. They would say to
their parents, Its the new style at school, and their parents would say,
Okay wear it but, if you get in trouble dont blame it on me. Parents arent
even strict anymore. If my parents even thought about doing a style like that,
their parents would kill them. Its the same thing with a rapper, if they get
grills and get gold chains around their neck, so many people would do the
same EXACT thing. However, music can have a positive effect on people also.
It may inspire people to do what they want the most. It may also
communicate important messages to the public and can also illicit emotions
and memories that we always remember every time we hear a specific song.
Technology also affects the computer world and cell phone world. Individuals
can now hack into other peoples lives or cyber-bully someone. You could hurt
or be hurt by people over the internet or by a simple text message. You can
also have unlimited access to inappropriate content no matter your age. The
internet has also poisoned teenagers minds. Some people are on computer
games for decades. People on myspace or facebook stay on the computer
so they are updated on EVERY SINGLE THING thats happening in other
individuals lives or are posting the daily drama. Drama is already an
unnecessary problem in the world and it can now be spread over technology.
You could start drama over a text message or even the internet where it will
spread everywhere. On the other hand, there are some pros for internet and
cell phones. They are great communication tools with family and friends.
Also, with the new 3G tool on some cell phones you can use the internet
anywhere. So if you have no internet on your computer, you could just use
your cell phone for whatever you need. Or if you get stranded or lost
somewhere, all you have to do is pull out your cell phone for navigation.
Computers and cell phones are good tools for everyone to use, but it doesnt
need to be used for the above reasons.
As discussed, there are many cons to technology, but there are some pros
too. It could be useful for peoples lives and it could be used to hurt peoples
lives. The way technology should be used is as a tool and for helpful reasons,
and should not be used for hours of laziness. overall, technology influences
every aspect of peoples lives.


What Makes a Good Teacher

There are many things which make a teacher great and they all can`t be
defined.However i`ve always considered several of them essential.In my
opinion a good teacher is someonewho first of all creates interest in
studying,doesn`t underestimate the children,has equal expectations of
siccess from everyone and last but not least likes his job.
A good teavher always has a sense of purpose.He chooses very carefully the
teaching programme and adjusts it to the needs of his students.Children
always come first and that`s why the decision he makes are based on how
they will affect them.He shares experience with other teachers and thus is
always learning new things.
It is very important for a teacher to be a good communicator.He doesn`t just
stand in front of the class and lecture but tries to establish a dialogue and
tofind the best group activities in which every child to be
involved.Discussion,peer-to-peer coaching are the things which make the
process of teaching more interesting and challenging so that all students
attend classes and participate actively.
The good teacher works with all students.A friend of mine told me how her
maths teacher tolerates only students who are good at mathematics or those
who have special interest in the subject.Towards the rest of the class my
friend says she`s very exacting.She gives homeworks and tests without
bothering to ask about difficulties.She doesn`t try to explain it and as a result
many students keep getting bad marks.
I firmly believe teachers shouldn`t forget that all students no matter of their
colour,race or gender have equal ability to study.Different students have
different learning systems.Some can learn things easily while others need to
spend more time over a given task.That`s why it is advisable for a teacher to
know his students individually so that he can remember what kind of
problems they have and find the right way to help them.
There`s no doubt that teachers have immense influence on their
students.That`s why it is their responsibility to find the best approach of
teaching and make classes more amusing and interesting.


Change the World?

There is, of course, no end to the magnificence and horror in the human
drama. Across the continents, humanity rises to every challenge, sinks to any
depth. We cherish each heartbeat and murder at will. We bless natures
miracles, yet trash the hood.
We accept this polarity as human nature and we move on in our glassy
essence. All the while our righteousness lords over other life; yet we beseech
gods for mercy. Our angers flare to violence and we demand justice. We covet
ceaselessly, give generously. Our wallowing is legion, yet we take art and
science to Olympian heights.
So how do we best come to terms with this marble and mud of our
existence, most immediately in the glare of last Tuesdays horrific assault on
civilization? One answer is to pay finer attention to two questions: How
deeply do I care about our common future? How do I actually make a
positive difference?
Ben Okri, of Nigeria, of Africa, of Earth, observes: There was not one among
us who looked forward to being born. We disliked the rigours of existence, the
unfulfilled longings, the enshrined injustices of the world, the labyrinths of
love, the ignorance of parents, the fact of dying, and the amazing
indifference of the living amidst the simple beauties of the universe. We
feared the heartlessness of human beings, all of whom are born blind, few of
whom ever learn to see.
We each need to shout humbly and confidently to Mr. Okri: Yes! I hear you. I
feel that indifference and fear it. I must care as deeply as my time permits,
my breath testament to my opportunity. My life must count!
Of course, it already counts: we change the world everyday. Just by engaging
in life, we make a difference. As a gregarious species that enjoys getting
along well, most of those differences are positive, driven by our intelligence,
our natural empathy for others, our desire to laugh, and the myriad
satisfactions of helping make things better.
Even when, or especially when, crisis intervenes in our life, we can create
moments of grace, moments that reveal a wide range of selfless participation
with each other, including not least acts of incredible courage and sacrifice.
Though we cant change human nature, we can change human nurture. Most
easily, we can pay closer attention to our moral compass, to our interactions
each day and rarely do we need someone else to tell us how.
It comes down to reconsidering the ethical stands we take with each other
and with all life. We might not have the moral vision of Vaclav Havel or the
moral courage of Nelson Mandela, but we can foster ethical awareness and
leadership in ourselves.
Without presumption or attitude, but merely to ameliorate, we each must be
a moral guardian of this homearth. Unless we learn to respect and care for
each other as neighbors, unless we come to terms with the increasing


vulnerability of life on Earth, true progress will remain an illusion, mired in the
quicksand of greed, violence and selfish intent.
Are we watching our lives in a movie, sitting too close to the screen? Do we
see only red and yellow pixels, flashed by mongers of news or commerce?
Are we becoming too numb to absorb a larger reality?
So many people live in relentless poverty. So many are unwilling refugees. So
many suffer needlessly, die as children. Each one is our neighbor, born free,
deserving human rights. They must be invisible no longer. Every danger,
every loss, every injustice in their lives affects us all.
Think of those known and unknown who sacrificed for you. Think of those who
inspire you. Use the powerful images that work for you. One of mine is the
tuxedoed cellist, Vedran Smailovic, in Sarajevo in 1992. He braved sniper fire
in the marketplace each day for 22 days to play Albinonis Adagio in G minor
to honor the 22 people who were killed there by mortar fire while they were
queuing for bread.
Positive change is simply the currency and responsibility of individuals, of you
and me. This is our saving grace. We just need to be even more attentive and
curious, even more on the lookout for that one, tiny, quick, wonderfully
private, unnoticed moment when you alone create a smile, lend a hand,
unfurl a brow, still a cry, or calm a nerve in someone else.
Thats power! In fact thats humanitys most powerful force for positive
change and you can do it with a wink, as quick as the beat of a butterflys
wing. Who knows what transpires from those moments; but it does indeed
change the world.
It also changes us, for it is an inward flow, not just outward. The more positive
energy you give, the more you get; its the same need, the same compliment,
as breathing in and breathing out.
So breathe this earth! Soar its surface! Know its people! Engage this planet,
your fragile home, and all its sentient beings in the essential connection of
good intent.