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# A Beginners Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition

Example 8.1

by: TBQ

Given: A 40 ft long, simply support W 18x35 beam supports a point load, P, at mid-span. The
Given: A 40 ft long, simply support W 18x35 beam supports a point load, P, at mid-span. The
Section

W18X35

Steel

A992

d
tw

17.7 in

rts

0.3 in

ho

0.425 in

Aw

Span

40 ft

tf

Fy

50 ksi

bf/2tf

7.06

h/tw

53.5

Shear

Flexure

Zx

66.5 in3

1.00

0.90

Sx

57.6 in3

1.50

1.67

Ix

510 in4

Iy

15.3 in4

ry

1.22 in

J
Cw

0.506 in4
1140

Wanted: Ignoring the self weight of the beam, determine the maximum load, P s,eq, that the beam can support for
Wanted: Ignoring the self weight of the beam, determine the maximum load, P s,eq, that the beam can support for
the given conditions:
the given conditions:
a. The beam has full lateral support of the compression flange
a. The beam has full lateral support of the compression flange
b. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends as quarter points only.
b. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends as quarter points only.
c. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends and mid-point only.
c. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends and mid-point only.
d. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends only.
d. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends only.
Solution:

Results Summary
Table of Ps,eq (kips)
part
a
b
c
d

Flexure
LRFD
19.69
17.78
1.91
0.59

ASD
19.91
17.98
1.93
0.60

Shear
LRFD
251.53
251.53
251.53
251.53

ASD
254.88
254.88
254.88
254.88

Deflection
TL
15.41
15.41
15.41
15.41

LL Only
17.12
17.12
17.12
17.12

Controlling P
LRFD
15.41
15.41
1.91
0.59

## Compute the Composite Load Factors:

D
L

33.3%
33.3%

LRFD
LC-1

0.467

ASD
LC-1

33.3%

LC-2
LC-3
LC-4
Controlling

1.100
1.267
0.900
1.267

LC-2
LC-3
LC-4
Controlling

The only limit state that varies with laterally unsupported length is LTB. This means that for all parts of the problem
strength, flexural plastic strength, and FLB are the same. So compute those first.

Shear Strength
kv
sqrt(kvE/Fy)
Cv
Vn
LRFD:

5
53.85
1.00
159.3 kips

Vn
Pu,max

159.3
318.60

ft-k

ASD:

Vn /

106.2

Pa,max

212.40

Ps,eq

Ps,eq
251.53 k
254.88
Note: The shear limit state does not control the problem! See the Flexural Calculations

## Deflection Limit States

Total Load Deflection: Consider ASD LC-4
CLF
0.833
Limit: = L/
240
=
2.00 in
Pmax =
12.84 kips
Ps,eq
15.41 k

Mp = FyZx =

277.1 ft-k

CLF
0.5
Limit: = L/
360
Pmax =
8.56
Ps,eq

17.12

p
9.15
r
class

24.08
Compact

Mn

277.1 ft-k

## Compute the Moment Diagram points needed to compute C b

quarter pnt

M
(ft-k)
0
1.25
2.5
3.75
5
6.25

P
P
P
P
P
P

Moment Diagram
12
Moment/P (ft-k)

Support

X
(ft)
0.00
2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
12.50

10
8
6
4
2
0

Moment Diagram

mid pnt

quarter pnt

Support

15.00
17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
32.50
35.00
37.50
40.00

7.5
8.75
10
8.75
7.5
6.25
5
3.75
2.5
1.25
0

Problem
Sub span
Start
End
Laterally unsupported length:

Moment/P (ft-k)

12

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

(a)
(a.)
0.0
0.0
0.0

10
8
6
4
2
0
0.00

5.00

10.00

15.00

(b.1)
0.0
10.0
10.0

(b)
(b.2)
10.0
20.0
10.0

(b.3)
20.0
30.0
10.0

(b.4)
30.0
40.0
10.0

(c.)
(c.1)
0.0
20.0
20.0

Moment Modifier, Cb
Mmax

0.000

5.000

10.000

10.000

5.000

10.000

MA

0.000

1.250

6.250

6.250

1.250

2.500

MB

0.000

2.500

7.500

7.500

2.500

5.000

MC

0.000

3.750

8.750

8.750

3.750

7.500

Cb

1.000

1.667

1.250

1.250

1.667

1.667

Lb
0
10.0

10.0

10.0

10.0

20.0

Lp

4.31

4.31

4.31

4.31

4.31

4.31

Mr

168.0

168.0

168.0

168.0

168.0

168.0

Lr

12.4

12.4

12.4

12.4

12.4

12.4

Mn w/o Cb

277.1

200.2

200.2

200.2

200.2

16.1

Mn w/ Cb
Equation

277.1
F2-1

277.1
F2-2

250.2
F2-2

250.2
F2-2

277.1
F2-2

26.8
F2-3

Controlling, Mn
Mn

part (a)

Controlling Mn
LRFD:

277.1

277.1

250.2

250.2

277.1

26.8

277.1 ft-k

Mn

249.4

ft-k

Pu,max

24.94

ASD:

Mn /

165.9

Pa,max

16.59

20.00
25.00
X (ft)

Ps,eq

19.69

Ps,eq

19.91

Moment diagrams

Controlling Mn
LRFD:

Mn
Pu,max
Ps,eq

(ft-k)
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4

Moment Diagrams
Example 8.1a
300.00
250.00
200.00
150.00
100.00
50.00
0.00
0.00

X (ft)

250.2 ft-k
225.2
22.52
17.78

Mn /

149.8

Pa,max

14.98

Ps,eq

17.98

ft-k

ASD:

Moment diagrams
X
(ft)
0.00
2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
10.00
12.50
15.00
17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
30.00
32.50

Mu
(ft-k)
0.00
28.15
56.30
84.45
112.60
112.60
140.75
168.89
197.04
225.19
197.04
168.89
140.75
112.60
112.60
84.45

Mn
(ft-k)
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
249.4
225.2
225.2
225.2
225.2
225.2
225.2
225.2
225.2
225.2
249.4
249.4

Moment Diagrams
Example 8.1b
300.00
250.00
M om ent (ft-k)

part (b)

Mn

Mu
(ft-k)
0.00
31.17
62.34
93.52
124.69
155.86
187.03
218.20
249.38
218.20
187.03
155.86
124.69
93.52
62.34
31.17
0.00

M om ent (ft-k)

X
(ft)
0.00
2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
12.50
15.00
17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
32.50
35.00
37.50
40.00

200.00
150.00
100.00
50.00
0.00
0.00

X (ft)

Mo

100.00
50.00

35.00
37.50
40.00
part (c)

Controlling Mn
LRFD:

part (c)

56.30
28.15
0.00

Mn

24.1

ft-k

Pu,max

2.41

Ps,eq

1.91

Mn

X (ft)

26.8 ft-k

Controlling Mn
LRFD:

249.4
249.4
249.4

0.00
0.00

Mn /

16.1

Pa,max

1.61

Ps,eq

1.93

Mn /

5.0
0.50
0.60

ASD:

8.4 ft-k
7.5

ft-k

ASD:

Pu,max

0.75

Pa,max

Ps,eq

0.59

Ps,eq

1.51 in
17.28 in
5.31 in2

## beam can support for

e beam can support for

y.

Controlling Ps,eq
ASD
15.41
15.41
1.93
0.60

0.333

LRFD
ASD
TL Defl
TL Defl
TL Defl
TL Defl
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure

0.667
0.667
0.833
0.833

## eans that for all parts of the problem, shear

ft-k
k

k
Flexural Calculations

=

1.33 in

kips
k

Moment Diagram

Moment Diagram

15.00

20.00
25.00
X (ft)

(c.2)
20.0
40.0
20.0

(d)
(d.)
0.0
40.0
40.0

10.000

10.000

ft-k

2.500

5.000

ft-k

5.000

10.000

ft-k

7.500

5.000

ft-k

1.667

1.316

20.0

40.0

ft

4.31

4.31

ft

168.0

168.0

ft-k

12.4

12.4

ft

16.1

6.4

ft-k

26.8
F2-3

8.4
F2-3

ft-k

26.8

ft-k
k

30.00

8.4 ft-k

35.00

40.00

45.00

Moment Diagrams
Example 8.1a

Mu

X (ft)

ft-k
k
k

Moment Diagrams
Example 8.1b

X (ft)

Mu

X (ft)

ft-k
k
k

ft-k
k
k

## A Beginners Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition

Example 8.2

by: TBQ

Given: A 40 ft long, simply support W 18x35 beam supports a uniformly distributed load, w, along the
Given: A 40 ft long, simply support W 18x35 beam supports a uniformly distributed load, w, along the
Section

W18X35

Steel

A992

d
tw

17.7 in

rts

0.3 in

ho

0.425 in

Aw

Span

40 ft

tf

Fy

50 ksi

bf/2tf

7.06

h/tw

53.5

Shear

Flexure

Zx

66.5 in3

1.00

0.90

Sx

57.6 in3

1.50

1.67

Ix

510 in4

Iy

15.3 in4

ry

1.22 in

J
Cw

0.506 in4
1140

Wanted: Ignoring the self weight of the beam, determine the maximum load, w s,eq, that the beam can support for
Wanted: Ignoring the self weight of the beam, determine the maximum load, w s,eq, that the beam can support for
the given conditions:
the given conditions:
a. The beam has full lateral support of the compression flange
a. The beam has full lateral support of the compression flange
b. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends as quarter points only.
b. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends as quarter points only.
c. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends and mid-point only.
c. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends and mid-point only.
d. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends only.
d. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends only.
Solution:

Results Summary
Table of ws,eq (kips/ft)
part
a
b
c
d

Flexure
LRFD
0.984
0.755
0.0743
0.0257

ASD
0.996
0.763
0.0751
0.0260

Shear
LRFD
6.29
6.29
6.29
6.29

ASD
6.37
6.37
6.37
6.37

Deflection
TL
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62

LL Only
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68

Controlling
LRFD
0.62
0.62
0.07
0.03

## Compute the Composite Load Factors:

D
L
S

33.3%
33.3%
33.3%

LRFD
LC-1
LC-2

0.467
1.100

ASD
LC-1
LC-2

LC-3
LC-4
Controlling

1.267
0.900
1.267

LC-3
LC-4
Controlling

The only limit state that varies with laterally unsupported length is LTB. This means that for all parts of the problem
strength, flexural plastic strength, and FLB are the same. So compute those first.

Shear Strength
kv
sqrt(kvE/Fy)
Cv
Vn
LRFD:

5
53.85
1.00
159.3 kips

Vn
wu,max

159.3
7.97

ft-k

ASD:

klf

Vn /

106.2

wu,max

5.31

ws,eq

ws,eq
6.29
klf
6.37
Note: The shear limit state does not control the problem! See the Flexural Calculations

## Deflection Limit States

Total Load Deflection: Consider ASD LC-4
CLF
0.833
Limit: = L/
240
=
2.00 in
wmax =
0.51 klf
ws,eq
0.62
klf

Mp = FyZx =

277.1 ft-k

CLF
0.5
Limit: = L/
360
wmax =
0.34
ws,eq

0.68

p
9.15
r

24.08
Compact

class
Mn

277.1 ft-k

## Compute the Moment Diagram points needed to compute C b

quarter pnt

M
(ft-k)
0
46.88
87.50
121.88
150.00
171.88
187.50

P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Moment Diagram
250
Moment/P (ft-k)

Support

X
(ft)
0.00
2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
12.50
15.00

200
150
100
50
0
0.00

5.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

25.00

mid pnt

quarter pnt

Support

17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
32.50
35.00
37.50
40.00

196.88
200.00
196.88
187.50
171.88
150.00
121.88
87.50
46.88
0.00

Problem
Sub span
Start
End
Laterally unsupported length:

(a)
(a.)
0.0
0.0
0.0

Moment/P (ft-k)

250

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

200
150
100
50
0
0.00

5.00

10.00

15.00

(b.1)
0.0
10.0
10.0

(b)
(b.2)
10.0
20.0
10.0

(b.3)
20.0
30.0
10.0

(b.4)
30.0
40.0
10.0

(c.)
(c.1)
0.0
20.0
20.0

Moment Modifier, Cb
Mmax

0.000

150.000

200.000

200.000

150.000

200.000

MA

0.000

46.875

171.875

171.875

46.875

87.500

MB

0.000

87.500

187.500

187.500

87.500

150.000

MC

0.000

121.875

196.875

196.875

121.875

187.500

Cb

1.000

1.523

1.061

1.061

1.523

1.299

Lb
0
10.0

10.0

10.0

10.0

20.0

Lp

4.31

4.31

4.31

4.31

4.31

4.31

Mr

168.0

168.0

168.0

168.0

168.0

168.0

Lr

12.4

12.4

12.4

12.4

12.4

12.4

Mn w/o Cb

277.1

200.2

200.2

200.2

200.2

16.1

Mn w/ Cb

277.1
F2-1

277.1
F2-2

212.4
F2-2

212.4
F2-2

277.1
F2-2

20.9
F2-3

Equation

Controlling, Mn
Mn

277.1

277.1

212.4

212.4

277.1

20.9

Mn
LRFD:

249.4

191.1

18.8

wu,max

1.25

0.96

0.094

ws,eq

0.984

0.75

0.074

20.00
25.00
X (ft)

ASD:

Mn /

165.9

127.2

12.5

Pa,max

0.83

0.64

0.063

ws,eq

1.00

0.76

0.075

w, along the
w, along the

1.51 in
17.28 in
5.31 in2

## beam can support for

e beam can support for

y.

Controlling
ASD
0.62
0.62
0.08
0.03

0.333
0.667

LRFD
ASD
TL Defl
TL Defl
TL Defl
TL Defl
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure

0.667
0.833
0.833

## eans that for all parts of the problem, shear

ft-k
klf

klf
Flexural Calculations

1.33 in

klf
klf

Moment Diagram

15.00

20.00

25.00

30.00

35.00

40.00

45.00

15.00

20.00
25.00
X (ft)

(c.2)
20.0
40.0
20.0

30.00

(d)
(d.)
0.0
40.0
40.0

200.000

200.000 ft-k

87.500

150.000 ft-k

150.000

200.000 ft-k

187.500

150.000 ft-k

1.299

1.136

20.0

40.0

ft

4.31

4.31

ft

168.0

168.0

ft-k

12.4

12.4

ft

16.1

6.4

ft-k

20.9
F2-3

7.2
F2-3

ft-k

20.9

7.2 ft-k

6.5

ft-k

0.0325

k/ft

0.0257

k/ft

35.00

40.00

45.00

4.3

ft-k

0.0216

k/ft

0.0260

k/ft

## A Beginners Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition

Example 8.3

by: TBQ

Given: A floor system spans 20 ft and supports a dead load of 75 psf and a live load of 50 psf.
Given: A floor system spans 20 ft and supports a dead load of 75 psf and a live load of 50 psf.

Steel
Span
Fy

A992

D
L

20 ft

75 psf
50 psf

50 ksi

Wanted: Select a I shaped section to use as a floor joist. Specify the section and spacing that
Wanted: Select a I shaped section to use as a floor joist. Specify the section and spacing that
provides the least weight per sqft of floor area. The final joist spacing is to be between 2 ft and 6 ft
provides the least weight per sqft of floor area. The final joist spacing is to be between 2 ft and 6 ft
and should be on a 3" increment.
and should be on a 3" increment.

Solution:

Solution Summary
Size
LRFD
ASD

M12.5X12.4
M12.5X12.4

Spacing
(ft)
5.75
5.75

% Capacity Used
Shear
Flexure
21.5%
23.7%

79.0%
87.3%

TL

LL

99.9%
99.9%

59.9%
59.9%

## Compute the loads in terms of plf/(ft width of floor system)

D
L
S

75.00 plf/ftw
50.00 plf/ftw
0.00 plf/ftw

LRFD
LC-1
LC-2
LC-3
LC-4
Controlling

105.0
170.0
140.0
140.0
170.0

plf/ftw
plf/ftw
plf/ftw
plf/ftw
plf/ftw

ASD
LC-1
LC-2
LC-3
LC-4
Controlling

Compute the Shear & Moment in terms of ft-lb/(ft width of floor system)
LRFD

ASD

Vu

req'd Vn

1700 lb/ftw
1

Mu

req'd Mn

8500 ft-lb/ftw
0.9

Deflection Limits
TL defl <= L /
spacing/Ix <=
LL defl <= L /
spacing/Ix <=

1.70 ft-k/ftw

9.44 ft-k/ftw

240.00
360.00

Vu

req'd Vn

1250 lb/ftw
1.5

Ma

req'd Mn

6250 ft-lb/ftw
1.67

1.88 ft-k/ftw

10.44 ft-k/ftw

=
1.00 in
4
0.0644 (ft/in ) <- solved Act < Allow for spacing/Ix, the two unknown
=
0.67 in
4
(ft/in
)
<- solved Act < Allow for spacing/Ix, the two unknown
0.1074

The beam will have full lateral support of the compression flange from the floor system
Method 1: The hunt & peck method manually insert section sizes until you think that you have
found the best option.
Selection

Section
wt/ft
d
tw

LRFD

ASD

M12.5X12.4 M12.5X12.4
12.4
12.4
plf
12.5
12.5
in
0.155

0.155

h/tw

in

74.8

74.8

Ix

89.3

89.3

in4

Sx

14.2

14.2

in3

Zx

16.5

16.5

in3

bf/2tf

8.22

8.22

Shear Strength
kv

sqrt(kvE/Fy)

53.85

53.85

Cv

0.78

0.78

Vn

45.49

45.49

kips

Max Spacing
LRFD
ASD

26.76
24.26

26.76
24.26

ft
ft

## Flexural Plastic Strength

Mp = FyZx =
68.8

68.8

ft-k

Flexural Strength

## Flange Local Buckling

9.15

9.15

24.08

24.08

41.42
Compact

41.42
Compact

ft-k

68.75

68.75

ft-k

7.28
6.6

7.28
6.6

ft
ft

5.755
9.591

5.755
9.591

ft
ft

Mr = .7FySx =
class
Mn
Max Spacing
LRFD
ASD

Deflection Limits
Max Spacing
TL
LL Only

Controlling Spacings
LRFD

Spacing
Use:
wt/sqft

5.75
5.75
2.157

5.75
5.75
2.157

ft
ft
psf

Spacing
Use:
wt/sqft

5.75
5.75
2.157

5.75
5.75
2.157

ft
ft
psf

ASD

Method 2: The brute force approach. From the AISC Shapes database, select ALL I shapes and their properties needed to co

On one line, compute Mn, FLB criteria, spacing, and wt/ft2. Copy the formula down so that you do it for all sections
on the spacing column. Delete all spacings less than 2 ft and more than 6 ft. Resort the remaining table on wt/ft, t
All sections that meet the criteria:
Size
M12.5X12.4
M12.5X11.6
M12X10.8
W12X14
M12X11.8
M12X10
W10X19
W10X17
W10X15
M10X9
W10X12
M10X7.5
M10X8
W8X21
W8X24
W8X18
W8X15
W8X13
S8X18.4
S8X23
W6X25
W6X16
W6X20

wt
12.4
11.6
10.8
14.0
11.8
10.0
19.0
17.0
15.0
9.0
12.0
7.5
8.0
21.0
24.0
18.0
15.0
13.0
18.4
23.0
25.0
16.0
20.0

Table Continued
Shear
kv
Size
M12.5X12.4
M12.5X11.6
M12X10.8
W12X14
M12X11.8

5
5
5
5
5

d
12.5
12.5
12
11.9
12
12
10.2
10.1
10
10
9.87
10
10
8.28
7.93
8.14
8.11
7.99
8
8
6.38
6.28
6.2

tw

bf/2tf

h/tw

Ix

Zx

0.155
0.155
0.16
0.2
0.177
0.149
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.157
0.19
0.13
0.141
0.25
0.245
0.23
0.245
0.23
0.271
0.441
0.32
0.26
0.26

8.22
8.29
7.30
8.82
6.81
9.03
5.09
6.08
7.41
6.53
9.43
7.77
7.39
6.59
8.12
7.95
6.37
7.84
4.71
4.91
6.68
4.98
8.25

74.8
74.8
69.2
54.3
62.5
74.7
35.4
36.9
38.5
58.4
46.6
71
65
27.5
25.9
29.9
28.1
29.9
22.9
14.1
15.5
19.1
18.7

89.3
80.3
66.7
88.6
72.2
61.7
96.3
81.9
68.9
39
53.8
33
34.6
75.3
82.7
61.9
48
39.6
57.5
64.7
53.4
32.1
41.4

16.5
15.0
13.2
17.4
14.3
12.2
21.6
18.7
16.0
9.2
12.6
7.8
8.2
20.4
23.1
17.0
13.6
11.4
16.5
19.2
18.9
11.7
15.0

LRFD
sqrt(kvE/Fy)

Cv

Vn

53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85

0.78
0.78
0.86
1.00
0.95

45.49
45.49
49.31
71.40
60.39

Spacing
26.76
26.76
29.00
42.00
35.53

ASD

Deflection

Spacing TL Space
24.26
5.755
24.26
5.175
26.30
4.298
38.08
5.710
32.21
4.653

M12X10
W10X19
W10X17
W10X15
M10X9
W10X12
M10X7.5
M10X8
W8X21
W8X24
W8X18
W8X15
W8X13
S8X18.4
S8X23
W6X25
W6X16
W6X20

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85
53.85

0.78
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.83
0.91
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

42.09
76.50
72.72
69.00
47.10
56.26
32.54
38.55
62.10
58.29
56.17
59.61
55.13
65.04
105.84
61.25
48.98
48.36

24.76
45.00
42.78
40.59
27.71
33.09
19.14
22.68
36.53
34.29
33.04
35.06
32.43
38.26
62.26
36.03
28.81
28.45

22.45
40.80
38.78
36.80
25.12
30.00
17.35
20.56
33.12
31.09
29.96
31.79
29.40
34.69
56.45
32.67
26.12
25.79

3.976
6.206
5.278
4.440
2.513
3.467
2.127
2.230
4.853
5.330
3.989
3.093
2.552
3.706
4.170
3.441
2.069
2.668

TL Defl
TL Defl

75.0
125.0
75.0
112.5
125.0

plf/ftw
plf/ftw
plf/ftw
plf/ftw
plf/ftw

## so that you do it for all sections. Then sort the table

rt the remaining table on wt/ft, then choose

Flexure
Sx

Mp

14.2
12.8
11.1
14.9
12.0
10.3
18.8
16.2
13.8
7.8
10.9
6.6
7.0
18.2
20.9
15.2
11.8
9.9
14.4
16.2
16.7
10.2
13.4

68.75
62.50
55.00
72.50
59.58
50.83
90.00
77.92
66.67
38.42
52.50
32.38
34.17
85.00
96.25
70.83
56.67
47.50
68.75
80.00
78.75
48.75
62.50

LRFD
FLB
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact

Mr

Mn

41.42
37.33
32.38
43.46
35.00
30.04
54.83
47.25
40.25
22.72
31.79
19.25
20.27
53.08
60.96
44.33
34.42
28.90
42.00
47.25
48.71
29.75
39.08

68.75
62.50
55.00
72.50
59.58
50.83
90.00
77.92
66.67
38.42
52.11
32.38
34.17
85.00
96.25
70.83
56.67
47.50
68.75
80.00
78.75
48.75
62.50

LRFD
LL Space
9.591
8.625
7.164
9.516
7.755

Spacing
5.75
5.17
4.30
5.71
4.65

ASD

Spacing
7.28
6.62
5.82
7.68
6.31
5.38
9.53
8.25
7.06
4.07
5.52
3.43
3.62
9.00
10.19
7.50
6.00
5.03
7.28
8.47
8.34
5.16
6.62

Spacing
6.587
5.988
5.269
6.946
5.709
4.870
8.623
7.465
6.387
3.681
4.993
3.102
3.273
8.144
9.222
6.786
5.429
4.551
6.587
7.665
7.545
4.671
5.988

use
5.75
5.00
4.25
5.50
4.50

wt/ft2
2.16
2.32
2.54
2.55
2.62

ASD
use
5.75
5.00
4.25
5.50
4.50

wt/ft2
2.16
2.32
2.54
2.55
2.62

5.75
5.17
4.30
5.71
4.65

6.627
10.343
8.797
7.400
4.189
5.779
3.544
3.716
8.088
8.883
6.649
5.156
4.253
6.176
6.949
5.736
3.448
4.447

3.98
6.21
5.28
4.44
2.51
3.47
2.13
2.23
4.85
5.33
3.99
3.09
2.55
3.71
4.17
3.44
2.07
2.67

3.75
6.00
5.25
4.25
2.50
3.25
2.00
2.00
4.75
5.25
3.75
3.00
2.50
3.50
4.00
3.25
2.00
2.50

2.67
3.17
3.24
3.53
3.60
3.69
3.75
4.00
4.42
4.57
4.80
5.00
5.20
5.26
5.75
7.69
8.00
8.00

3.98
6.21
5.28
4.44
2.51
3.47
2.13
2.23
4.85
5.33
3.99
3.09
2.55
3.71
4.17
3.44
2.07
2.67

3.75
6.00
5.25
4.25
2.50
3.25
2.00
2.00
4.75
5.25
3.75
3.00
2.50
3.50
4.00
3.25
2.00
2.50

2.67
3.17
3.24
3.53
3.60
3.69
3.75
4.00
4.42
4.57
4.80
5.00
5.20
5.26
5.75
7.69
8.00
8.00

## A Beginners Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition

Example 8.4

by: TBQ

Given: From the Dormitory building, drawing BLDG S1, the beam on grid 8 between grids E & G.
Given: From the Dormitory building, drawing BLDG S1, the beam on grid 8 between grids E & G.
Span

13.50 ft

D, floor
D, Int. wall

60 psf
15 psf

L, room
L, corr

50 psf
100 psf

## Interior wall height

10.67 ft
Flexure
0.90
1.67

Shear
1.00
1.50

Wanted: Considering only the flexural limit state, select a section for the following conditions:
Wanted: Considering only the flexural limit state, select a section for the following conditions:
A. Select a doubly symmetric I shaped section (W, M, S, or HP)
A. Select a doubly symmetric I shaped section (W, M, S, or HP)
B. Select a rectangular HSS section
B. Select a rectangular HSS section
C. Select a Channel.
C. Select a Channel.

Solution:
Solution Summary
Part(A.)
Part(B.)
Part(C.)

LRFD
ASD
LRFD
ASD
LRFD
ASD

Section
W12X16
W12X16
HSS14X4X3/16
HSS14X4X3/16
C12X20.7
C12X20.7

wt/ft
16.00
16.00
22.12
22.12
20.70
20.70

% Capacity Used
Shear
30.1%
31.9%
17.1%
18.1%
17.1%
18.1%

Flexure
92.8%
99.0%
80.1%
85.5%
72.8%
77.7%

TL
78.5%
78.5%
59.0%
59.0%
62.6%
62.6%

## The W section is the best choice in this case.

Given the conservative approximation of load calcs, use the member if within 3% of requirements.
The objective is to find the maximum moment on simple span with two different magnitudes of uniform load.

You can use whatever means that you want to, but I devised my own system that uses superposition. It takes up
a lot of space in the spreadsheet but seems to work.
Note that the tributary area calcs are approximate and a bit conservative around grid F (some of the Corr. LL goes
the beam on grid F). Depending on the spacing of the supported joists, you may want to analysis the beam as
supporting a series of point loads, however, since we don't know the precise layout of the joists, the uniform load
approximation will be close enough.
Do the structural analysis:

W1
W2
W3

Between
Grid E&F
Grid F&G

Trib width
(ft)
9.67
12.00
6.42

Start
(ft)
0.00
6.33
6.33

wD
(plf)
740.0
1265.0

wL
(plf)
483.3
1585.0

Finish
(ft)
6.33
13.50
13.50

Floor
Int wall
(plf)
(plf)
580.0
160.0
720.0
160.0
385.0

L
A
B

13.50 ft
0.00 ft
6.33 ft

LRFD LC-2
ASD LC-2
R1
R2
EI*Theta1
EI*defl(ms)

740.0
1.2
1
0
3.587
1.099
-3.91E+01
-2.49E+05

Live
483.3
1.6
1
0
2.343
0.718
-2.56E+01
-1.63E+05

LRFD LC-2 at x =
ASD LC-2 at x =
0 at x =

7.61
7.61
0.00

Snow
0
0.5
0
0
0.000
0.000
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
ft, V =
ft, V =
ft, V =

W
(plf)
1661.3
1223.3
0.0

Total
(k)
10.52
7.75
0.00

k-in^2
k-in^3
-2.468 k, M =
-1.817 k, M =
0.000 k, M =

## General Case of uniform partially distributed load

L
A
B

13.50 ft
6.33 ft
7.17 ft
1265.0

Live
1585.0

Snow
0

W
(plf)

Total
(k)

LRFD LC-2
ASD LC-2
R1
R2
EI*Theta1
EI*defl(ms)

1.2
1
0
2.406
6.659
-6.28E+01
-5.19E+05

1.6
1
0
3.015
8.344
-7.87E+01
-6.51E+05

LRFD LC-2 at x =
ASD LC-2 at x =
0 at x =

7.61
7.61
7.61

0.5
0
0
0.000
0.000
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
ft, V =
ft, V =
ft, V =

4054.0
2850.0
0.0

29.05
20.43
0.00

k-in^2
k-in^3
2.536 k, M =
1.783 k, M =
0.000 k, M =

Analysis Summary: Superimpose results from the two partially distributed load analysis

Total
(k)
39.58
28.17

LRFD LC-2
ASD LC-2

Shear
R1
(k)
15.77
11.35

Midspan Deflection:

Midspan
Moment
(ft-k)
68.36
48.61

x
(ft)
7.61
7.61

Deflection Limits

TL : EI*defl(ms) -1582000.78
LL Only : EI*defl(ms) -813454.42

part (A):

R2
(k)
23.81
16.82

TL defl <= L /
LL Only defl <= L /

240.00
360.00

=
=

## Doubly Symmetric I shaped section

Steel
Fy

A992
50 ksi

Select a Section:
Assume that Plastic Strength will control, select a section, then check FLB.
LTB is not an issue since the section has full lateral support of the compression flange from the floor.

FLB limits:
From SCM
Zx Tables
LRFD
ASD

W12X16
W12X16

Section Properties
wt
(plf)
16.0
16.0

Design
Moment
(ft-k)

9.15

Actual Zx
(in3)
20.1
20.1

Req'd Mn

Min
Req'd Zx

(ft-k)

(in )
3

bf/2tf

Sx

7.53
7.53

(in3)
17.1
17.1

## Mn calculations (P & FLB)

Mp
Mr
(ft-k)

(ft-k)

d
(in)
12
12

Mn
(ft-k)

LRFD
ASD

69.92
49.64

77.69
82.90

18.65
19.90

83.75
83.75

49.88
49.88

83.75
83.75

Given the conservative approximation of load calcs, use the member if within 3% of requirement
Design

Req'd/Act
Req'd Vn

sqrt(kvE/Fy)

Vn

LRFD
ASD

Shear
(k)
23.81
16.82

(k)
23.81
25.23

5
5

53.85
53.85

(k)
79.20
79.20

Act/Allow

LRFD
ASD

TL Defl
(in)
0.530
0.530

78.5%
78.5%

Shear
(in3)
30.1%
31.9%

## LL Only Defl Act/Allow

(in)
0.272
60.5%
0.272
60.5%

Good
Good

You can also use the brute force (exhaustive search method), however, since plastic strength controls,
handy for homing in on the best section quickly.
part (B):

Rectangular HSS
Steel
Fy

## Note that it is a fairly simple spreadsheet exercise to extrac

from the AISC shapes database and reorder them by Zx. T

46 ksi

## to facilitate the quick selection of the best member in this c

Select a Section:
Assume that Plastic Strength will control, select a section, then check FLB.
LTB is not an issue since the section has full lateral support of the compression flange from the floor.

FLB limits:
From SCM
Area Tables
LRFD
ASD

HSS14X4X3/16
HSS14X4X3/16

Section Properties
wt
(plf)
22.1
22.1

h
(in)
14.00
14.00

Req'd Mn

Min
Req'd Zx

(ft-k)
77.69
82.90

(in3)
20.27
21.63

Design

LRFD
ASD

Moment
(ft-k)
69.92
49.64

28.12

b
(in)
4.00
4.00

t
(in)
0.1875
0.1875

Actual Zx
(in3)
25.3
25.3

## Mn calculations (P & FLB), SCM F7

Mp
Mr
be
(ft-k)
96.98
96.98

(ft-k)
74.75
74.75

4.000
4.000

The Rect. HSS sections are very sensitive to FLB! You will need to be able to compute Mn for compact
I used a brute force method to find the lightest section (computed req'dMn/Actual Mn for each, deleted
Design

Req'd/Act

Req'd Vn

sqrt(kvE/Fy)

Vn

LRFD
ASD

Shear
(k)
23.81
16.82

(k)
23.81
25.23

5
5

53.85
53.85

(k)
139.08
139.08

Act/Allow

LRFD
ASD

TL Defl
(in)
0.398
0.398

59.0%
59.0%

Shear
(in3)
17.1%
18.1%

(in)
0.205
45.5%
0.205
45.5%

Good
Good

## part (C.): Channel

Steel
Fy

A992
50 ksi

Select a Section:
Assume that Plastic Strength will control, select a section, then check FLB.
LTB is not an issue since the section has full lateral support of the compression flange from the floor.

FLB limits:
From SCM
Area Tables
LRFD
ASD

C12X20.7
C12X20.7

9.15

Section Properties
wt
(plf)
20.7
20.7

Actual Zx
(in )
25.6
25.6

bf/tf

Sx

5.87
5.87

(in )
21.5
21.5

d
(in)
12
12

Note a C10x20 worked for flexure for LRFD, but failed in deflection
Design

LRFD
ASD

Moment
(ft-k)
69.92
49.64

Req'd Mn

Min
Req'd Zx

(ft-k)
77.69
82.90

(in3)
18.65
19.90

Mn calculations (P)
Mp
Mn
(ft-k)
106.67
106.67

(ft-k)
106.67
106.67

Compact
Compact

You can also use the brute force (exhaustive search method), however, since plastic strength controls,
handy for homing in on the best section quickly.
Design

LRFD
ASD

Req'd/Act

Shear
(k)
23.81
16.82

Req'd Vn

sqrt(kvE/Fy)

Vn

(k)
23.81
25.23

5
5

53.85
53.85

(k)
101.52
101.52

TL Defl

Act/Allow

Shear
(in3)
23.5%
24.9%

## LL Only Defl Act/Allow

LRFD
ASD

(in)
0.423
0.423

62.6%
62.6%

Good
Good

(in)
0.217
0.217

48.3%
48.3%

.
G.

LL
60.5%
60.5%
45.5%
45.5%
48.3%
48.3%

% of requirements.

## Controlling Limit State

Flexure
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure
Flexure

es superposition. It takes up

## F (some of the Corr. LL goes to

nt to analysis the beam as
f the joists, the uniform load

Floor
(plf)
483.3

Corr.
(plf)
1200.0

385.0

wD
wL
(plf)
(plf)
740.0
483.3
880.0
1200.0
385.0
385.0

ing load cases will be LC-2 for both LRFD and ASD

R1
(k)
8.054
5.930
0.000

R2
(k)
2.468
1.817
0.000

Midspan
Moment
(ft-k)
16.66
12.27
0.00

14.54 ft-k
10.70 ft-k
0.00 ft-k

R1
(k)

R2
(k)

Midspan
Moment
(ft-k)

7.712
5.421
0.000

21.342
15.004
0.000

51.70
36.35
0.00

55.38 ft-k
38.93 ft-k
0.00 ft-k

Moment
at x
(ft-k)
69.920 <--- change "x" until this is at max. value
49.639 <--- change "x" until this is at max. value

0.68 in
0.45 in

24.08

tw
(in)
0.22
0.22

## SCM B4.1 Case 1

h/tw

Ix

49.4
49.4

(in4)
103
103

Req'd/Act
Moments

Compact
Compact

92.8%
99.0%

Good
Good

r if within 3% of requirements.

Good
Good

Good
Good

## spreadsheet exercise to extract all the HSS sections

ase and reorder them by Zx. This has been done

35.15

b/t

Sx

Aw

Ix

20
20

(in )
19.5
19.5

(in )
5.04
5.04

(in4)
137
137

Req'd/Act
Seff

Mn

Moments

18.51
18.51

(ft-k)
96.98
96.98

80.1%
85.5%

Compact
Compact

Good
Good

## le to compute Mn for compact, non-compact and slender flanges.

n/Actual Mn for each, deleted those that don't work, then sorted by weight)

Good
Good

Good
Good

24.08

tw
(in)
0.282
0.282

h/tw

Ix

39.00
39.00

(in4)
129
129

Req'd/Act
Moments
72.8%
77.7%

Good
Good

Good
Good

Good
Good

Example 8.4(b)

by: TBQ

## Problem 8.4, part (b), LRFD, Brute force method!

Steel A500 Gr B, Rect HSS
Fy
46 ksi

from the AISC shapes database reordered by Area. This has been done
to facilitate the quick selection of the best member in this case

Select a Section:
LTB is not an issue since the section has full lateral support of the compression flange from the floor.

FLB limits:
Design

LRFD

Moment
(ft-k)
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

28.12

Min

From SCM

Req'd Mn

Req'd Zx

Area Tables

(ft-k)
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

(in )
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS14X4X3/16
HSS2X1X1/8
HSS2-1/2X1X1/8
HSS2X2X1/8
HSS2X2X1/8
HSS2X1X3/16
HSS2-1/2X1-1/2X1/8
HSS3X1X1/8
HSS2-1/4X2X1/8
HSS2-1/2X2X1/8
HSS2-1/4X2-1/4X1/8
HSS3X1-1/2X1/8
HSS2-1/2X1X3/16
HSS2X1-1/2X3/16
HSS2-1/2X2-1/2X1/8
HSS3-1/2X1-1/2X1/8
HSS3X2X1/8
HSS2X2X3/16
HSS2-1/2X1-1/2X3/16
HSS3X1X3/16
HSS3-1/2X2X1/8
HSS3X2-1/2X1/8
HSS2-1/4X2X3/16
HSS3X3X1/8
HSS4X2X1/8
HSS2-1/4X2-1/4X3/16
HSS2-1/2X2X3/16
HSS3X1-1/2X3/16
HSS4X2-1/2X1/8
HSS2-1/2X1-1/2X1/4
HSS2X2X1/4
HSS2-1/2X2-1/2X3/16

35.15

Section Properties
wt
(plf)
22.1
2.2
93.1
2.6
2.6
3.0
93.1
3.0
93.1
93.1
93.1
3.5
93.1
3.7
93.1
4.3
3.9
4.3
93.1
4.3
4.3
4.3
93.1
4.7
4.7
93.1
93.1
4.9
5.2
93.1
5.4
93.1

h
(in)
14.00
2.00
18.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
18.00
3.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
3.00
18.00
2.00
18.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
18.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
18.00
3.00
4.00
18.00
18.00
3.00
4.00
18.00
2.00
18.00

b
(in)
4.00
1.00
6.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
6.00
1.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
1.50
6.00
1.50
6.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
6.00
1.00
2.00
2.50
6.00
3.00
2.00
6.00
6.00
1.50
2.50
6.00
2.00
6.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS3-1/2X1-1/2X3/16
HSS3X2X3/16
HSS3-1/2X3-1/2X1/8
HSS4X3X1/8
HSS5X2X1/8
HSS5X2-1/2X1/8
HSS2-1/2X2X1/4
HSS2-1/4X2-1/4X1/4
HSS3X1-1/2X1/4
HSS3-1/2X2X3/16
HSS3X2-1/2X3/16
HSS4X4X1/8
HSS5X3X1/8
HSS6X2X1/8
HSS3X3X3/16
HSS4X2X3/16
HSS2-1/2X2-1/2X1/4
HSS3-1/2X1-1/2X1/4
HSS3X2X1/4
HSS4-1/2X4-1/2X1/8
HSS5X4X1/8
HSS6X3X1/8
HSS7X2X1/4
HSS4X2-1/2X3/16
HSS3-1/2X2X1/4
HSS3X2-1/2X1/4
HSS3-1/2X3-1/2X3/16
HSS4X3X3/16
HSS5X2X3/16
HSS5X5X1/8
HSS6X4X1/8
HSS7X3X1/8
HSS8X2X1/8
HSS2-1/2X2-1/2X5/16
HSS3X2X5/16
HSS3X3X1/4
HSS4X2X1/4
HSS5X2-1/2X3/16
HSS5-1/2X5-1/2X1/8
HSS6X5X1/8
HSS7X4X1/8
HSS8X3X1/8
HSS4X4X3/16
HSS5X3X3/16
HSS6X2X3/16
HSS3X2-1/2X5/16
HSS4X2-1/2X1/4
HSS10X2X1/8
HSS6X6X1/8
HSS7X5X1/8

4.3
5.6
4.3
5.6
5.6
6.0
93.1
93.1
6.2
4.3
6.2
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.9
6.9
93.1
4.3
7.1
10.5
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.5
4.3
7.9
4.3
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
93.1
8.4
8.8
8.8
8.8
14.8
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.4
9.4
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.9
9.9
9.9

2.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
18.00
18.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
3.00
4.00
18.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
4.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
18.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
3.00
4.00
10.00
6.00
7.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
2.50
6.00
6.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
4.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
6.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
2.50
2.00
2.50
2.00
3.00
2.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
6.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
2.50
4.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
2.50
2.50
2.00
6.00
5.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS8X4X1/8
HSS3-1/2X3-1/2X1/4
HSS4X3X1/4
HSS5X2X1/4
HSS3X3X5/16
HSS4X2X5/16
HSS4-1/2X4-1/2X3/16
HSS10X3X1/8
HSS5X4X3/16
HSS6X3X3/16
HSS7X2X3/16
HSS10X3-1/2X1/8
HSS5X2-1/2X1/4
HSS10X4X1/8
HSS7X7X1/8
HSS4X2-1/2X5/16
HSS5X5X3/16
HSS6X4X3/16
HSS7X3X3/16
HSS8X2X3/16
HSS3X3X3/8
HSS4X2X3/8
HSS4X4X1/4
HSS5X3X1/4
HSS6X2X1/4
HSS3-1/2X3-1/2X5/16
HSS4X3X5/16
HSS5X2X5/16
HSS5-1/2X5-1/2X3/16
HSS8X8X1/8
HSS6X5X3/16
HSS7X4X3/16
HSS8X3X3/16
HSS4X2-1/2X3/8
HSS4-1/2X4-1/2X1/4
HSS5X4X1/4
HSS6X3X1/4
HSS7X2X1/2
HSS6X6X3/16
HSS10X2X3/16
HSS7X5X3/16
HSS8X4X3/16
HSS9X3X3/16
HSS3-1/2X3-1/2X3/8
HSS4X3X3/8
HSS5X2X3/8
HSS4X4X5/16
HSS5X3X5/16
HSS6X2X5/16
HSS9X9X1/8

9.9
4.3
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.7
10.7
10.7
10.7
11.1
11.3
11.6
11.6
11.6
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.1
12.1
12.2
12.2
12.2
4.3
12.7
12.7
14.8
13.3
13.3
13.3
13.3
13.4
10.5
13.9
13.9
13.9
14.5
14.5
14.5
14.5
14.5
4.3
14.6
14.6
14.8
14.8
14.8
15.0

8.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
10.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
10.00
5.00
10.00
7.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
3.00
4.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
8.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
4.00
3.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
6.00
10.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
9.00

4.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
3.50
2.50
4.00
7.00
2.50
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
8.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.50
3.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
6.00
2.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
9.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS5X5X1/4
HSS6X4X1/4
HSS7X3X1/4
HSS8X2X1/4
HSS10X3X3/16
HSS10X3-1/2X3/16
HSS4-1/2X4-1/2X5/16
HSS5X4X5/16
HSS6X3X5/16
HSS7X7X3/16
HSS10X4X3/16
HSS12X2X3/16
HSS8X6X3/16
HSS9X5X3/16
HSS4X4X3/8
HSS5X3X3/8
HSS6X2X3/8
HSS5-1/2X5-1/2X1/4
HSS6X5X1/4
HSS7X4X1/4
HSS8X3X1/4
HSS10X5X3/16
HSS12X3X3/16
HSS10X2X1/4
HSS6X6X1/4
HSS7X5X1/4
HSS8X4X1/4
HSS9X3X1/4
HSS5X5X5/16
HSS6X4X5/16
HSS7X3X5/16
HSS8X2X5/16
HSS8X8X3/16
HSS10X6X3/16
HSS12X4X3/16
HSS9X7X3/16
HSS4-1/2X4-1/2X3/8
HSS5X4X3/8
HSS6X3X3/8
HSS10X3X1/4
HSS5-1/2X5-1/2X5/16
HSS6X5X5/16
HSS7X4X5/16
HSS8X3X5/16
HSS4X4X1/2
HSS5X3X1/2
HSS10X3-1/2X1/4
HSS14X4X3/16
HSS9X9X3/16
HSS10X8X3/16

15.6
15.6
15.6
15.6
15.8
16.5
10.5
16.9
16.9
17.1
17.1
17.1
17.1
17.1
17.2
17.2
17.2
14.8
17.3
17.3
17.3
18.4
18.4
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.1
19.1
19.1
19.6
19.7
19.7
19.7
10.5
19.7
19.7
20.7
14.8
21.2
21.2
21.2
21.5
21.5
21.5
22.1
22.2
22.2

5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
10.00
3.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
9.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
4.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
10.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
9.00
3.00
5.00
6.00
10.00
4.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
4.00
5.00
10.00
14.00
9.00
10.00

5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
3.50
3.00
4.00
3.00
7.00
4.00
2.00
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
5.00
3.00
2.00
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
7.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
3.50
4.00
9.00
8.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS12X6X3/16
HSS5X5X3/8
HSS6X4X3/8
HSS7X3X3/8
HSS8X2X3/8
HSS10X4X1/4
HSS12X2X1/4
HSS7X7X1/4
HSS8X6X1/4
HSS9X5X1/4
HSS6X6X5/16
HSS10X2X5/16
HSS7X5X5/16
HSS8X4X5/16
HSS9X3X5/16
HSS10X5X1/4
HSS12X3X1/4
HSS14X6X3/16
HSS16X4X3/16
HSS10X10X3/16
HSS12X8X3/16
HSS5-1/2X5-1/2X3/8
HSS6X5X3/8
HSS7X4X3/8
HSS8X3X3/8
HSS4-1/2X4-1/2X1/2
HSS5X4X1/2
HSS6X3X1/2
HSS10X3X5/16
HSS10X6X1/4
HSS12X4X1/4
HSS8X8X1/4
HSS9X7X1/4
HSS10X3-1/2X5/16
HSS10X2X3/8
HSS6X6X3/8
HSS7X5X3/8
HSS8X4X3/8
HSS9X3X3/8
HSS7X7X5/16
HSS10X4X5/16
HSS12X2X5/16
HSS8X6X5/16
HSS9X5X5/16
HSS5X5X1/2
HSS6X4X1/2
HSS7X3X1/2
HSS10X8X1/4
HSS12X6X1/4
HSS9X9X1/4

22.2
22.3
22.3
22.3
22.3
22.4
22.4
22.4
22.4
22.4
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
24.1
24.1
24.7
24.7
24.7
24.8
14.8
24.9
24.9
24.9
10.5
24.9
24.9
25.4
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
26.5
27.4
27.4
27.4
27.4
27.4
27.5
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
28.3
28.3
28.3
29.2
29.2
29.2

12.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
6.00
10.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
14.00
10.00
12.00
4.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
3.00
5.00
6.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
10.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
7.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
9.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
10.00
12.00
9.00

6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
4.00
2.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
6.00
2.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
5.00
3.00
6.00
4.00
10.00
8.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
3.00
6.00
4.00
8.00
7.00
3.50
2.00
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
7.00
4.00
2.00
6.00
5.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
8.00
6.00
9.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS14X4X1/4
HSS10X5X5/16
HSS12X3X5/16
HSS12X12X3/16
HSS10X3X3/8
HSS12X3-1/2X5/16
HSS10X3-1/2X3/8
HSS6X5X1/2
HSS7X4X1/2
HSS8X3X1/2
HSS8X8X5/16
HSS10X6X5/16
HSS12X4X5/16
HSS9X7X5/16
HSS10X4X3/8
HSS7X7X3/8
HSS8X6X3/8
HSS9X5X3/8
HSS10X10X1/4
HSS12X8X1/4
HSS14X6X1/4
HSS16X4X1/4
HSS10X5X3/8
HSS6X6X1/2
HSS7X5X1/2
HSS8X4X1/2
HSS9X3X1/2
HSS12X10X1/4
HSS9X9X5/16
HSS14X4X5/16
HSS10X8X5/16
HSS12X6X5/16
HSS12X3-1/2X3/8
HSS10X6X3/8
HSS12X4X3/8
HSS8X8X3/8
HSS9X7X3/8
HSS12X12X1/4
HSS14X10X1/4
HSS16X8X1/4
HSS18X6X1/4
HSS20X4X1/4
HSS10X3-1/2X1/2
HSS10X10X5/16
HSS14X6X5/16
HSS16X4X5/16
HSS12X8X5/16
HSS10X4X1/2
HSS7X7X1/2
HSS8X6X1/2

29.2
29.7
29.7
29.8
30.0
30.8
31.2
31.7
31.7
31.7
31.8
31.8
31.8
31.8
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.6
32.6
32.7
32.7
35.1
35.1
35.1
35.1
35.1
36.0
36.0
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.3
37.6
37.6
37.6
37.6
39.4
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.2
40.3
40.3
40.3
40.4
41.9
41.9
41.9

14.00
10.00
12.00
12.00
10.00
12.00
10.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
9.00
10.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
10.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
12.00
9.00
14.00
10.00
12.00
12.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
9.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
10.00
10.00
14.00
16.00
12.00
10.00
7.00
8.00

4.00
5.00
3.00
12.00
3.00
3.50
3.50
5.00
4.00
3.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
7.00
4.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
10.00
9.00
4.00
8.00
6.00
3.50
6.00
4.00
8.00
7.00
12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
3.50
10.00
6.00
4.00
8.00
4.00
7.00
6.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS9X5X1/2
HSS6X6X5/8
HSS8X4X5/8
HSS10X8X3/8
HSS12X6X3/8
HSS9X9X3/8
HSS14X4X3/8
HSS12X10X5/16
HSS10X10X3/8
HSS12X8X3/8
HSS14X6X3/8
HSS16X4X3/8
HSS10X6X1/2
HSS12X4X1/2
HSS8X8X1/2
HSS9X7X1/2
HSS12X12X5/16
HSS14X10X5/16
HSS16X8X5/16
HSS18X6X5/16
HSS20X4X5/16
HSS10X4X5/8
HSS7X7X5/8
HSS8X6X5/8
HSS9X5X5/8
HSS12X10X3/8
HSS10X8X1/2
HSS12X6X1/2
HSS14X4X1/2
HSS9X9X1/2
HSS14X14X5/16
HSS20X8X5/16
HSS16X12X5/16
HSS12X12X3/8
HSS14X10X3/8
HSS16X8X3/8
HSS18X6X3/8
HSS20X4X3/8
HSS10X6X5/8
HSS12X4X5/8
HSS8X8X5/8
HSS9X7X5/8
HSS10X10X1/2
HSS12X8X1/2
HSS14X6X1/2
HSS16X4X1/2
HSS16X16X5/16
HSS20X12X5/16
HSS14X4X5/8
HSS10X8X5/8

41.9
42.1
42.1
42.7
42.7
42.7
42.7
44.6
47.8
47.8
47.9
47.9
48.7
48.7
48.7
48.7
48.8
48.9
48.9
48.9
48.9
50.6
50.6
50.6
50.6
52.9
55.5
55.5
55.5
55.5
57.3
57.3
57.4
58.0
58.1
58.1
58.1
58.1
59.1
59.1
59.1
59.1
62.3
62.3
62.3
62.3
65.8
65.8
67.6
67.6

9.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
9.00
14.00
12.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
9.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
10.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
12.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
9.00
14.00
20.00
16.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
16.00
20.00
14.00
10.00

5.00
6.00
4.00
8.00
6.00
9.00
4.00
10.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
6.00
4.00
8.00
7.00
12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
4.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
9.00
14.00
8.00
12.00
12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
6.00
4.00
8.00
7.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
16.00
12.00
4.00
8.00

69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92
69.92

77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69
77.69

20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27
20.27

HSS12X6X5/8
HSS9X9X5/8
HSS14X14X3/8
HSS16X12X3/8
HSS20X8X3/8
HSS12X10X1/2
HSS12X12X1/2
HSS14X10X1/2
HSS16X8X1/2
HSS18X6X1/2
HSS20X4X1/2
HSS14X6X5/8
HSS16X4X5/8
HSS10X10X5/8
HSS12X8X5/8
HSS16X16X3/8
HSS20X12X3/8
HSS14X14X1/2
HSS16X12X1/2
HSS20X8X1/2
HSS14X10X5/8
HSS16X8X5/8
HSS18X6X5/8
HSS12X12X5/8
HSS16X16X1/2
HSS20X12X1/2
HSS14X14X5/8
HSS16X12X5/8
HSS20X8X5/8
HSS16X16X5/8
HSS20X12X5/8

67.6
67.6
68.2
68.3
68.3
69.1
75.9
75.9
75.9
75.9
75.9
76.1
76.1
76.1
76.1
78.4
78.4
89.6
89.6
89.6
93.1
93.1
93.1
93.1
103.0
103.0
110.0
110.0
110.0
127.0
127.0

12.00
9.00
14.00
16.00
20.00
12.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
14.00
16.00
10.00
12.00
16.00
20.00
14.00
16.00
20.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
12.00
16.00
20.00
14.00
16.00
20.00
16.00
20.00

6.00
9.00
14.00
12.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
10.00
4.00
10.00
8.00
16.00
12.00
14.00
12.00
8.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
12.00
16.00
12.00
14.00
12.00
8.00
16.00
12.00

## ange from the floor.

SCM B4.1 Case 12
Mn calculations (P & FLB), SCM F7
t
(in)
0.1875
0.1250
0.6250
0.1250
0.1250
0.1875
0.6250
0.1250
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
125.0000
0.6250
0.1875
0.6250
0.1875
0.1250
0.1875
0.6250
0.1875
0.1875
0.1250
0.6250
0.1250
0.1250
0.6250
0.6250
0.1875
0.1250
0.6250
0.2500
0.6250

Actual Zx
(in )
25.3
0.366
135
0.475
0.475
0.48
135
0.728
135
135
135
0.895
135
0.639
135
0.797
1.06
0.797
135
0.989
0.797
1.23
135
1.4
1.66
135
135
1.24
1.88
135
0.964
135

b/t

Sx

Mp

Mr

be

Seff

20
5.62
7.33
9.93
9.93
2.75
7.33
5.62
7.33
7.33
7.33
9.93
7.33
5.62
7.33
8.49
14.2
8.49
7.33
2.75
8.49
18.6
7.33
22.9
14.2
7.33
7.33
5.62
18.6
7.33
5.58
7.33

(in )
19.5
0.28
103
0.383
0.383
0.35
103
0.545
103
103
103
0.706
103
0.495
103
0.641
0.867
0.641
103
0.713
0.641
1.03
103
1.19
1.32
103
103
0.945
1.54
103
0.747
103

(ft-k)
96.98
1.40
517.50
1.82
1.82
1.84
517.50
2.79
517.50
517.50
517.50
3.43
517.50
2.45
517.50
3.06
4.06
3.06
517.50
3.79
3.06
4.72
517.50
5.37
6.36
517.50
517.50
4.75
7.21
517.50
3.70
517.50

(ft-k)
74.75
1.07
394.83
1.47
1.47
1.34
394.83
2.09
394.83
394.83
394.83
2.71
394.83
1.90
394.83
2.46
3.32
2.46
394.83
2.73
2.46
3.95
394.83
4.56
5.06
394.83
394.83
3.62
5.90
394.83
2.86
394.83

4.000
-4.205
-9.089
0.236
0.236
-22.322
-9.089
-4.205
-9.089
-9.089
-9.089
1.500
-9.089
-6.307
-9.089
-1.119
1.977
-1.119
-9.089
-22.322
-1.119
2.500
-9.089
3.000
1.977
-9.089
-9.089
-6.307
2.500
-9.089
-8.556
-9.089

18.51
-0.53
-7.35
0.16
0.16
-4.89
-7.35
-0.69
-7.35
-7.35
-7.35
###
-7.35
-1.26
-7.35
-0.09
0.79
-0.09
-7.35
-7.42
-0.09
0.91
-7.35
1.03
1.22
-7.35
-7.35
-1.79
1.39
-7.35
-2.31
-7.35

Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact

0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250
0.6250
0.6250
0.2500
0.1875
0.1875
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250
0.1875
0.1875
0.6250
0.1875
0.2500
0.3125
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250
0.1875
0.1875
0.2500
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250
0.6250
0.3125
0.2500
0.2500
0.1875
0.3125
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.3125
0.2500
0.1250
0.1250
0.1250

0.797
1.48
0.797
2.11
2.37
2.65
135
135
1.51
0.797
1.73
2.56
2.93
3.19
1.97
2.34
135
0.797
1.83
2.9
3.5
3.87
4.13
2.67
0.797
2.16
0.797
3
3.37
4.07
4.56
4.93
5.19
135
2.11
2.48
2.94
3.79
5.59
5.24
5.73
6.11
3.67
4.21
4.58
2.51
3.38
7.65
5.92
6.53

8.49
8.49
8.49
22.9
14.2
18.6
7.33
7.33
3.44
8.49
11.4
31.5
22.9
14.2
14.2
8.49
7.33
8.49
5.58
7.31
31.5
22.9
14.2
11.4
8.49
7.73
8.49
14.2
8.49
40.1
31.5
22.9
14.2
7.33
3.87
9.88
5.58
11.4
10.7
40.1
31.5
22.9
20
14.2
8.49
5.59
7.73
14.2
48.7
40.1

0.641
1.18
0.641
1.76
1.86
2.14
103
103
1.12
0.641
1.41
2.2
2.41
2.47
1.64
1.83
103
0.641
1.42
2.3
2.97
3.14
3.16
2.15
0.641
1.72
0.641
2.47
2.6
3.52
3.81
3.95
3.93
103
1.59
2.01
2.25
3.01
4.57
4.48
4.73
4.83
3.1
3.41
3.49
1.94
2.66
5.7
5.15
5.52

3.06
5.67
3.06
8.09
9.09
10.16
517.50
517.50
5.79
3.06
6.63
9.81
11.23
12.23
7.55
8.97
517.50
3.06
7.02
11.12
13.42
14.84
15.83
10.24
3.06
8.28
3.06
11.50
12.92
15.60
17.48
18.90
19.90
517.50
8.09
9.51
11.27
14.53
21.43
20.09
21.97
23.42
14.07
16.14
17.56
9.62
12.96
29.33
22.69
25.03

2.46
4.52
2.46
6.75
7.13
8.20
394.83
394.83
4.29
2.46
5.41
8.43
9.24
9.47
6.29
7.02
394.83
2.46
5.44
8.82
11.39
12.04
12.11
8.24
2.46
6.59
2.46
9.47
9.97
13.49
14.61
15.14
15.07
394.83
6.10
7.71
8.63
11.54
17.52
17.17
18.13
18.52
11.88
13.07
13.38
7.44
10.20
21.85
19.74
21.16

-1.119
-1.119
-1.119
3.000
1.977
2.500
-9.089
-9.089
-21.376
-1.119
1.474
4.000
3.000
1.977
2.966
-1.119
-9.089
-1.119
-8.556
-4.598
4.000
3.000
1.977
1.474
-1.119
-2.824
-1.119
2.966
-1.119
4.592
4.000
3.000
1.977
-9.089
-22.077
0.413
-8.556
1.474
1.632
4.592
4.000
3.000
4.000
2.966
-1.119
-10.649
-2.824
1.977
4.845
4.592

-0.09
0.04
-0.09
1.55
1.74
1.96
-7.35
-7.35
-9.28
-0.09
0.95
1.88
2.16
2.35
1.47
0.29
-7.35
-0.09
-3.40
-1.99
2.57
2.85
3.03
1.52
-0.09
-0.77
-0.09
2.23
0.66
2.81
3.34
3.62
3.80
-7.35
-11.77
0.71
-4.33
2.22
2.44
3.63
4.19
4.47
2.73
3.12
1.16
-5.37
-0.74
5.59
3.75
4.53

Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Slend.

0.1250
0.1875
0.2500
0.2500
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.1250
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1250
0.2500
0.1250
0.1250
0.3125
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.3750
0.3750
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.1875
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.1250
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.3750
0.3125
0.2500
0.2500
0.5000
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.3750
0.3750
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.1250

7.02
0.797
3.81
4.27
2.9
3.43
2.9
8.8
5.05
5.59
5.95
9.37
4.83
10
8.13
3.97
5.89
6.6
7.14
7.51
3.25
3.84
4.69
5.38
5.84
0.797
4.51
5.05
5.59
10.7
7.62
8.33
8.87
4.48
2.9
6.49
7.19
7.64
8.63
11.1
9.52
10.2
10.8
0.797
5.12
5.71
5.59
6.42
6.95
13.6

31.5
8.49
9.88
5.58
7.31
3.87
7.31
22.9
20
14.2
8.49
27.2
7.73
31.5
57.3
5.59
25.7
20
14.2
8.49
5.6
2.73
14.2
9.88
5.58
8.49
7.31
3.87
10.7
66
25.7
20
14.2
4.16
7.31
14.2
9.88
5.58
31.5
8.49
25.7
20
14.2
8.49
5.6
2.73
10.7
7.31
3.87
74.6

5.73
0.641
3.07
3.23
2.3
2.56
2.3
6.83
4.22
4.47
4.49
7.4
3.76
7.97
7.09
3.07
5.03
5.46
5.65
5.61
2.52
2.8
3.9
4.29
4.37
0.641
3.57
3.74
4.57
9.34
6.44
6.81
6.94
3.38
2.3
5.35
5.66
5.67
7.42
8.19
7.96
8.27
8.35
0.641
3.97
4.14
4.57
5.03
5.11
11.9

26.91
3.06
14.61
16.37
11.12
13.15
11.12
33.73
19.36
21.43
22.81
35.92
18.52
38.33
31.17
15.22
22.58
25.30
27.37
28.79
12.46
14.72
17.98
20.62
22.39
3.06
17.29
19.36
21.43
41.02
29.21
31.93
34.00
17.17
11.12
24.88
27.56
29.29
33.08
42.55
36.49
39.10
41.40
3.06
19.63
21.89
21.43
24.61
26.64
52.13

21.97
2.46
11.77
12.38
8.82
9.81
8.82
26.18
16.18
17.14
17.21
28.37
14.41
30.55
27.18
11.77
19.28
20.93
21.66
21.51
9.66
10.73
14.95
16.45
16.75
2.46
13.69
14.34
17.52
35.80
24.69
26.11
26.60
12.96
8.82
20.51
21.70
21.74
28.44
31.40
30.51
31.70
32.01
2.46
15.22
15.87
17.52
19.28
19.59
45.62

4.000
-1.119
0.413
-8.556
-4.598
-22.077
-4.598
3.000
4.000
2.966
-1.119
3.500
-2.824
4.000
5.023
-10.649
5.000
4.000
2.966
-1.119
-12.723
-45.104
3.954
0.413
-8.556
-1.119
-4.598
-22.077
1.632
5.155
5.000
4.000
2.966
-23.385
-4.598
3.954
0.413
-17.111
6.000
-1.119
5.000
4.000
2.966
-1.119
-12.723
-45.104
1.632
-4.598
-22.077
5.255

5.13
-0.09
1.28
-5.09
-1.99
-15.77
-1.99
6.43
3.74
4.13
1.79
6.84
-0.55
7.25
4.78
-6.99
4.34
4.88
5.27
2.54
-7.72
-39.56
3.49
2.01
-5.68
-0.09
-2.35
-19.57
2.44
5.89
5.61
6.15
6.53
-19.87
-1.99
4.82
2.92
-31.07
6.34
4.42
7.00
7.54
7.92
-0.09
-10.21
-49.89
2.44
-2.50
-23.15
7.08

Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.

0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.1875
0.1875
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3125
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.1875
0.1875
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.2500
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.5000
0.5000
0.2500
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875

7.61
8.53
9.22
9.68
12.8
13.7
2.9
7.79
8.61
11.9
14.6
15.5
13
13.8
6.39
7.34
7.93
5.59
9.87
10.8
11.5
16.3
17.5
14.4
11.2
12.4
13.3
14
9.16
10.3
11.1
11.6
15.7
18
19.6
16.9
2.9
8.96
9.9
16.7
5.59
11.9
13.1
13.9
7.7
8.83
17.9
25.3
20
21.4

18.5
14.2
9.88
5.58
14.2
17.1
7.31
10.7
7.31
37.2
20
8.49
31.5
25.7
8.46
5.6
2.73
10.7
18.5
14.2
9.88
25.7
14.2
5.58
22.8
18.5
14.2
9.88
14.2
10.7
7.31
3.87
43
31.5
20
37.2
7.31
8.46
5.6
9.88
10.7
14.2
10.7
7.31
5.6
3.45
12
20
48.7
43

6.41
6.96
7.19
7.12
9.87
10.7
2.3
6.32
6.69
10.3
11.6
11.2
10.9
11.4
5.13
5.65
5.71
4.57
8.25
8.72
8.88
13.2
13.3
10.5
9.54
10.2
10.6
10.7
7.62
8.27
8.54
8.43
13.6
14.9
15.3
14.4
2.3
7.17
7.57
12.7
4.57
9.85
10.4
10.6
5.97
6.57
13.8
19.5
17.4
18.3

29.17
32.70
35.34
37.11
49.07
52.52
11.12
29.86
33.01
45.62
55.97
59.42
49.83
52.90
24.50
28.14
30.40
21.43
37.84
41.40
44.08
62.48
67.08
55.20
42.93
47.53
50.98
53.67
35.11
39.48
42.55
44.47
60.18
69.00
75.13
64.78
11.12
34.35
37.95
64.02
21.43
45.62
50.22
53.28
29.52
33.85
68.62
96.98
76.67
82.03

24.57
26.68
27.56
27.29
37.84
41.02
8.82
24.23
25.65
39.48
44.47
42.93
41.78
43.70
19.67
21.66
21.89
17.52
31.63
33.43
34.04
50.60
50.98
40.25
36.57
39.10
40.63
41.02
29.21
31.70
32.74
32.32
52.13
57.12
58.65
55.20
8.82
27.49
29.02
48.68
17.52
37.76
39.87
40.63
22.89
25.19
52.90
74.75
66.70
70.15

5.000
3.954
0.413
-8.556
2.966
3.500
-4.598
1.632
-4.598
6.721
4.000
-1.119
6.000
5.000
-2.310
-12.723
-45.104
1.632
5.000
3.954
0.413
5.000
2.966
-8.556
6.000
5.000
3.954
0.413
4.943
1.632
-4.598
-22.077
7.033
6.000
4.000
6.721
-4.598
-2.310
-12.723
0.413
1.632
4.943
1.632
-4.598
-16.964
-42.558
2.469
4.000
7.268
7.033

5.65
6.31
3.99
-6.36
9.43
10.08
-1.99
3.59
-2.44
8.47
10.70
6.79
9.49
10.16
-0.77
-12.45
-59.98
2.44
7.31
7.97
5.22
11.92
12.83
-6.38
8.27
9.15
9.79
6.62
6.82
4.94
-2.17
-29.69
10.50
13.15
14.35
12.05
-1.99
-0.41
-14.45
8.19
2.44
8.87
6.51
-1.70
-18.29
-61.17
11.53
18.51
12.66
14.42

Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Slend.

0.1875
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.2500
0.2500
0.1875
0.1875
0.1875
0.1878
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3125
0.5000
0.5000
0.3125
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500

23.7
10.6
11.9
12.8
13.4
19
20.1
15.5
16.9
18.1
13.6
17.5
15
16.1
16.9
21.3
22.9
30.1
31.7
24.8
27.8
5.59
13.8
15.1
16.1
2.9
10.9
12.1
20.3
23.6
25.6
20.5
22.2
21.7
20.3
15.8
17.5
18.8
19.7
18.9
23.1
24.5
20.6
22
13.1
14.6
15.8
28.1
31.1
26.2

31.5
11.3
8.46
5.6
2.73
14.2
5.58
27
22.8
18.5
17.6
3.87
14.2
10.7
7.31
18.5
9.88
31.5
20
54.5
43
10.7
11.3
8.46
5.6
7.31
5.6
3.45
7.31
22.8
14.2
31.3
27
9.03
2.73
14.2
11.3
8.46
5.6
21.1
10.7
3.87
17.6
14.2
7.75
5.6
3.45
31.3
22.8
35.6

19.4
8.68
9.43
9.73
9.56
14.9
14.5
13.3
14.2
14.7
11.4
12.5
12.3
12.8
12.8
17.2
17.2
24.3
24.2
21.6
23.4
4.57
11.3
11.9
12.1
2.3
8.49
8.95
15.3
19.4
19.9
17.7
18.7
16.6
14.3
13.2
14.1
14.7
14.7
16
18
17.4
17.1
17.7
10.4
11.3
11.6
23.8
25.2
22.7

90.85
40.63
45.62
49.07
51.37
72.83
77.05
59.42
64.78
69.38
52.13
67.08
57.50
61.72
64.78
81.65
87.78
115.38
121.52
95.07
106.57
21.43
52.90
57.88
61.72
11.12
41.78
46.38
77.82
90.47
98.13
78.58
85.10
83.18
77.82
60.57
67.08
72.07
75.52
72.45
88.55
93.92
78.97
84.33
50.22
55.97
60.57
107.72
119.22
100.43

74.37
33.27
36.15
37.30
36.65
57.12
55.58
50.98
54.43
56.35
43.70
47.92
47.15
49.07
49.07
65.93
65.93
93.15
92.77
82.80
89.70
17.52
43.32
45.62
46.38
8.82
32.55
34.31
58.65
74.37
76.28
67.85
71.68
63.63
54.82
50.60
54.05
56.35
56.35
61.33
69.00
66.70
65.55
67.85
39.87
43.32
44.47
91.23
96.60
87.02

6.000
2.814
-2.310
-12.723
-45.104
3.954
-8.556
7.000
6.000
5.000
6.000
-22.077
4.943
1.632
-4.598
5.000
0.413
6.000
4.000
7.457
7.045
1.632
2.814
-2.310
-12.723
-4.598
-16.964
-42.558
-4.598
6.000
3.954
8.000
7.000
-0.853
-45.104
5.931
2.814
-2.310
-12.723
7.000
1.632
-22.077
6.000
4.943
-5.571
-16.964
-42.558
8.000
6.000
8.822

17.31
5.51
0.20
-16.19
-79.41
13.95
-5.73
11.40
12.44
13.31
10.12
-35.40
11.12
8.28
-1.02
15.65
11.83
21.96
18.51
14.94
18.88
2.44
7.40
1.06
-17.68
-1.99
-22.78
-73.86
-0.13
17.27
18.76
15.02
16.23
7.43
-97.84
11.79
9.54
2.17
-18.93
13.99
12.45
-40.28
15.28
16.25
-5.69
-26.93
-86.21
20.52
22.77
18.89

Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Slend.
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Slend.

0.2500
0.3125
0.3125
0.1875
0.3750
0.3125
0.3750
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.3750
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.2500
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.2500
0.5000
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000

33.2
26
27.9
36
23.7
29.6
25.3
17.2
18.8
20
25.1
28.8
31.3
27.1
27
22.1
24.1
25.7
32.7
36.6
39.6
41.7
30.4
19.8
21.9
23.5
24.6
42.1
32.1
40.6
34.4
38.1
34.7
33.8
36.7
29.4
31.8
47.6
52.4
56.4
59.4
61.5
31.9
40.1
48.6
51.1
44.9
34.1
27.9
30.5

14.2
14.2
7.31
66
5.6
9.03
7.03
7.75
5.6
3.45
24.5
17.6
10.7
21.1
8.46
17.1
14.2
11.3
39.9
31.3
22.8
14.2
11.3
9.9
7.75
5.6
3.45
39.9
27.9
10.7
24.5
17.6
7.03
14.2
8.46
19.9
17.1
48.5
39.9
31.3
22.8
14.2
4.53
31.4
17.6
10.7
24.5
5.6
12.1
9.9

25.4
20.8
20.7
31.5
17.6
22.4
19.2
13.7
14.5
14.6
21.4
23.5
24.1
22.6
20.8
18.6
19.8
20.5
28.3
30.6
31.7
31.6
24.1
16.1
17.3
17.9
18
36
27.6
30.9
29
30.7
26
27.4
28
24.9
26.4
41.4
44.3
46.1
46.5
45.8
23.7
34.5
38.7
38.5
37.4
25.8
23
24.6

127.27
99.67
106.95
138.00
90.85
113.47
96.98
65.93
72.07
76.67
96.22
110.40
119.98
103.88
103.50
84.72
92.38
98.52
125.35
140.30
151.80
159.85
116.53
75.90
83.95
90.08
94.30
161.38
123.05
155.63
131.87
146.05
133.02
129.57
140.68
112.70
121.90
182.47
200.87
216.20
227.70
235.75
122.28
153.72
186.30
195.88
172.12
130.72
106.95
116.92

97.37
79.73
79.35
120.75
67.47
85.87
73.60
52.52
55.58
55.97
82.03
90.08
92.38
86.63
79.73
71.30
75.90
78.58
108.48
117.30
121.52
121.13
92.38
61.72
66.32
68.62
69.00
138.00
105.80
118.45
111.17
117.68
99.67
105.03
107.33
95.45
101.20
158.70
169.82
176.72
178.25
175.57
90.85
132.25
148.35
147.58
143.37
98.90
88.17
94.30

3.954
4.943
-4.598
7.732
-12.723
-0.853
-6.458
-5.571
-16.964
-42.558
8.000
6.000
1.632
7.000
-2.310
7.000
5.931
2.814
9.170
8.000
6.000
3.954
2.814
0.874
-5.571
-16.964
-42.558
9.170
9.000
1.632
8.000
6.000
-6.458
5.931
-2.310
8.000
7.000
9.681
9.170
8.000
6.000
3.954
-26.665
10.000
6.000
1.632
8.000
-16.964
5.097
0.874

24.25
19.13
2.28
19.86
-19.92
11.40
-4.84
-6.05
-30.76
-98.23
18.48
21.26
17.45
19.98
5.14
16.48
17.88
14.57
22.42
26.69
28.94
30.40
17.47
5.77
-6.07
-34.24
-109.91
28.98
23.60
23.29
25.30
28.09
-2.95
24.97
9.11
21.82
23.60
29.98
36.20
41.02
43.27
44.70
-70.94
29.34
35.74
29.96
32.96
-40.22
17.04
10.35

Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact

0.5000
0.6250
0.6250
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.3750
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.3125
0.3125
0.3125
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.3125
0.3125
0.6250
0.6250

32.5
23.2
27.4
40.5
44.8
37.8
47.8
51.7
47.2
53
57.3
60.2
43
46.7
37.5
40.5
58.6
64.6
69.4
73.1
75.6
40.3
33.1
36.1
38.5
61.1
51.9
57.4
61
48.4
80.5
98.6
87.7
69.2
76.3
82.1
86.4
89.3
51.3
55.5
44.7
48.3
60.7
68.1
73.6
77.3
106
122
73.1
62.2

7.75
7.33
3.88
19.9
14.2
22.8
8.46
31.4
25.7
19.9
14.2
8.46
9.9
5.6
14.2
12.1
38.2
31.4
24.5
17.6
10.7
3.88
9.05
7.33
5.61
25.7
14.2
9.9
5.6
16.4
45.1
24.5
38.2
31.4
25.7
19.9
14.2
8.46
7.33
3.88
10.8
9.05
18.5
14.2
9.9
5.6
52
38.2
3.88
10.8

25.5
18.4
20.5
33.9
35.9
32.2
36
44
40.4
43.7
45.3
45
34.3
34.9
31.2
33
50.7
54.3
56.4
57
56
29.9
26.7
28.5
29.6
51.6
42.7
45.2
45.3
40.6
69.9
78.6
74.4
59.5
63.9
66.3
66.9
65.7
40.2
40.8
36.5
38.7
51.2
55.6
57.4
56.9
92.3
101
53.3
50.5

124.58
88.93
105.03
155.25
171.73
144.90
183.23
198.18
180.93
203.17
219.65
230.77
164.83
179.02
143.75
155.25
224.63
247.63
266.03
280.22
289.80
154.48
126.88
138.38
147.58
234.22
198.95
220.03
233.83
185.53
308.58
377.97
336.18
265.27
292.48
314.72
331.20
342.32
196.65
212.75
171.35
185.15
232.68
261.05
282.13
296.32
406.33
467.67
280.22
238.43

97.75
70.53
78.58
129.95
137.62
123.43
138.00
168.67
154.87
167.52
173.65
172.50
131.48
133.78
119.60
126.50
194.35
208.15
216.20
218.50
214.67
114.62
102.35
109.25
113.47
197.80
163.68
173.27
173.65
155.63
267.95
301.30
285.20
228.08
244.95
254.15
256.45
251.85
154.10
156.40
139.92
148.35
196.27
213.13
220.03
218.12
353.82
387.17
204.32
193.58

-5.571
-9.089
-43.962
8.000
5.931
9.000
-2.310
10.000
10.000
8.000
5.931
-2.310
0.874
-16.964
7.908
5.097
11.302
10.000
8.000
6.000
1.632
-43.962
-1.635
-9.089
-21.114
10.000
7.908
0.874
-16.964
9.000
11.878
8.000
11.302
12.000
10.000
8.000
5.931
-2.310
-9.089
-43.962
3.512
-1.635
10.000
7.908
0.874
-16.964
12.301
11.302
-43.962
3.512

-5.12
-15.66
-125.60
29.95
33.06
27.91
14.08
37.83
34.76
39.07
42.15
20.05
16.27
-44.86
27.94
25.11
41.00
47.15
50.77
53.56
45.79
-155.78
2.54
-18.44
-61.17
44.88
38.54
23.52
-48.17
36.17
52.51
71.92
61.56
50.70
56.01
60.32
63.33
34.98
-19.55
-184.29
20.28
6.81
45.17
50.48
32.10
-50.15
64.83
85.46
-211.13
29.67

Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Slend.
Compact
Compact

0.6250
0.6250
0.3750
0.3750
0.3750
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.3750
0.3750
0.5000
0.5000
0.5000
0.6250
0.3125
0.6250
0.6250
0.5000
0.5000
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250
0.6250

68.8
58.1
95.4
104
117
78.8
89.6
98.8
106
112
115
88.7
92.9
73.2
82.1
126
144
124
135
152
120
129
135
109
164
188
151
165
185
200
230

7.33
12.5
37.1
31.4
19.9
18.5
22.8
18.5
14.2
9.9
5.6
7.33
3.88
14.2
10.8
42.8
31.4
27.1
22.8
14.2
14.2
10.8
7.33
17.7
31.4
22.8
21.1
17.7
10.8
24.5
17.7

53.4
47.9
82.5
87.7
92.6
65.9
76.2
81.8
84.9
85.6
83.8
68.3
67.3
60.8
66.1
109
120
106
113
119
98.2
102
103
91.4
141
155
128
136
144
171
188

263.73
222.72
365.70
398.67
448.50
302.07
343.47
378.73
406.33
429.33
440.83
340.02
356.12
280.60
314.72
483.00
552.00
475.33
517.50
582.67
460.00
494.50
517.50
417.83
628.67
720.67
578.83
632.50
709.17
766.67
881.67

204.70
183.62
316.25
336.18
354.97
252.62
292.10
313.57
325.45
328.13
321.23
261.82
257.98
233.07
253.38
417.83
460.00
406.33
433.17
456.17
376.43
391.00
394.83
350.37
540.50
594.17
490.67
521.33
552.00
655.50
720.67

-9.089
7.132
13.429
12.000
8.000
10.000
12.000
10.000
7.908
0.874
-16.964
-9.089
-43.962
9.885
3.512
14.048
12.000
14.000
12.000
7.908
9.885
1.756
-9.089
12.000
16.000
12.000
14.000
12.000
3.512
16.000
12.000

-19.00
37.40
67.69
75.95
85.57
58.50
66.17
73.17
78.36
53.26
-50.10
-16.79
-236.31
54.56
40.72
83.95
105.20
91.17
99.50
111.57
88.96
30.36
-7.35
80.95
120.17
138.17
111.89
122.20
101.59
147.83
170.12

Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Slend.
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Non C.
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact
Compact

Req'd/Act
Mn

Moments

(ft-k)
96.98
1.40
517.50
1.82
1.82
1.84
517.50
2.79
517.50
517.50
517.50
3.43
517.50
2.45
517.50
3.06
4.06
3.06
517.50
3.79
3.06
4.72
517.50
5.37
6.36
517.50
517.50
4.75
7.21
517.50
3.70
517.50

80.1%
5537.3%
15.0%
4266.7%
4266.7%
4222.2%
15.0%
2783.9%
15.0%
15.0%
15.0%
2264.4%
15.0%
3171.6%
15.0%
2542.9%
1911.9%
2542.9%
15.0%
2049.2%
2542.9%
1647.7%
15.0%
1447.6%
1220.9%
15.0%
15.0%
1634.4%
1078.0%
15.0%
2102.3%
15.0%

3.06
5.67
3.06
8.09
9.09
10.16
517.50
517.50
5.79
3.06
6.63
9.15
11.23
12.23
7.55
8.97
517.50
3.06
7.02
11.12
12.44
14.84
15.83
10.24
3.06
8.28
3.06
11.50
12.92
10.76
16.10
18.90
19.90
517.50
8.09
9.51
11.27
14.53
21.43
13.90
20.13
23.42
14.07
16.14
17.56
9.62
12.96
29.33
14.37
17.36

2542.9%
1369.4%
2542.9%
960.5%
855.1%
764.8%
15.0%
15.0%
1342.2%
2542.9%
1171.5%
848.8%
691.7%
635.3%
1028.8%
866.1%
15.0%
2542.9%
1107.5%
698.8%
624.3%
523.7%
490.7%
759.0%
2542.9%
938.3%
2542.9%
675.6%
601.4%
722.3%
482.4%
411.1%
390.5%
15.0%
960.5%
817.2%
689.3%
534.7%
362.6%
558.9%
385.9%
331.7%
552.2%
481.4%
442.5%
807.4%
599.6%
264.9%
540.5%
447.4%

24.54
3.06
14.61
16.37
11.12
13.15
11.12
33.73
19.36
21.43
22.81
35.92
18.52
34.61
18.31
15.22
22.58
25.30
27.37
28.79
12.46
14.72
17.98
20.62
22.39
3.06
17.29
19.36
21.43
22.56
29.21
31.93
34.00
17.17
11.12
24.88
27.56
29.29
30.86
42.55
36.49
39.10
41.40
3.06
19.63
21.89
21.43
24.61
26.64
27.13

316.5%
2542.9%
531.9%
474.6%
698.8%
590.9%
698.8%
230.3%
401.3%
362.6%
340.6%
216.3%
419.6%
224.5%
424.3%
510.5%
344.1%
307.1%
283.8%
269.9%
623.6%
527.8%
432.1%
376.7%
347.0%
2542.9%
449.4%
401.3%
362.6%
344.3%
266.0%
243.3%
228.5%
452.4%
698.8%
312.3%
281.9%
265.3%
251.7%
182.6%
212.9%
198.7%
187.7%
2542.9%
395.8%
354.9%
362.6%
315.7%
291.6%
286.4%

29.17
32.70
35.34
37.11
49.07
52.52
11.12
29.86
33.01
32.45
55.97
59.42
45.98
52.90
24.50
28.14
30.40
21.43
37.84
41.40
44.08
62.48
67.08
55.20
42.93
47.53
50.98
53.67
35.11
39.48
42.55
44.47
40.26
63.31
75.13
46.20
11.12
34.35
37.95
64.02
21.43
45.62
50.22
53.28
29.52
33.85
68.62
96.98
48.51
55.26

266.3%
237.6%
219.8%
209.4%
158.3%
147.9%
698.8%
260.2%
235.4%
239.4%
138.8%
130.8%
169.0%
146.9%
317.2%
276.1%
255.6%
362.6%
205.3%
187.7%
176.2%
124.3%
115.8%
140.7%
181.0%
163.4%
152.4%
144.8%
221.3%
196.8%
182.6%
174.7%
193.0%
122.7%
103.4%
168.2%
698.8%
226.2%
204.7%
121.4%
362.6%
170.3%
154.7%
145.8%
263.2%
229.5%
113.2%
80.1%
160.1%
140.6%

82.96
40.63
45.62
49.07
51.37
72.83
77.05
59.42
64.78
69.38
52.13
67.08
57.50
61.72
64.78
81.65
87.78
104.74
121.52
57.25
72.36
21.43
52.90
57.88
61.72
11.12
41.78
46.38
77.82
90.47
98.13
73.75
85.10
83.18
77.82
60.57
67.08
72.07
75.52
72.45
88.55
93.92
78.97
84.33
50.22
55.97
60.57
100.29
119.22
72.40

93.6%
191.2%
170.3%
158.3%
151.2%
106.7%
100.8%
130.8%
119.9%
112.0%
149.0%
115.8%
135.1%
125.9%
119.9%
95.1%
88.5%
74.2%
63.9%
135.7%
107.4%
362.6%
146.9%
134.2%
125.9%
698.8%
185.9%
167.5%
99.8%
85.9%
79.2%
105.3%
91.3%
93.4%
99.8%
128.3%
115.8%
107.8%
102.9%
107.2%
87.7%
82.7%
98.4%
92.1%
154.7%
138.8%
128.3%
77.5%
65.2%
107.3%

127.27
99.67
106.95
76.14
90.85
113.47
96.98
65.93
72.07
76.67
96.22
110.40
119.98
103.88
103.50
84.72
92.38
98.52
85.95
129.94
151.80
159.85
116.53
75.90
83.95
90.08
94.30
111.09
123.05
155.63
131.87
146.05
133.02
129.57
140.68
112.70
121.90
114.92
138.78
198.42
227.70
235.75
122.28
143.74
186.30
195.88
172.12
130.72
106.95
116.92

61.0%
77.9%
72.6%
102.0%
85.5%
68.5%
80.1%
117.8%
107.8%
101.3%
80.7%
70.4%
64.7%
74.8%
75.1%
91.7%
84.1%
78.9%
90.4%
59.8%
51.2%
48.6%
66.7%
102.4%
92.5%
86.2%
82.4%
69.9%
63.1%
49.9%
58.9%
53.2%
58.4%
60.0%
55.2%
68.9%
63.7%
67.6%
56.0%
39.2%
34.1%
33.0%
63.5%
54.0%
41.7%
39.7%
45.1%
59.4%
72.6%
66.4%

124.58
88.93
105.03
155.25
171.73
144.90
183.23
184.47
180.93
203.17
219.65
230.77
164.83
179.02
143.75
155.25
157.16
229.29
266.03
280.22
289.80
154.48
126.88
138.38
147.58
234.22
198.95
220.03
233.83
185.53
201.27
377.97
235.99
247.99
292.48
314.72
331.20
342.32
196.65
212.75
171.35
185.15
232.68
261.05
282.13
296.32
248.50
327.60
280.22
238.43

62.4%
87.4%
74.0%
50.0%
45.2%
53.6%
42.4%
42.1%
42.9%
38.2%
35.4%
33.7%
47.1%
43.4%
54.0%
50.0%
49.4%
33.9%
29.2%
27.7%
26.8%
50.3%
61.2%
56.1%
52.6%
33.2%
39.0%
35.3%
33.2%
41.9%
38.6%
20.6%
32.9%
31.3%
26.6%
24.7%
23.5%
22.7%
39.5%
36.5%
45.3%
42.0%
33.4%
29.8%
27.5%
26.2%
31.3%
23.7%
27.7%
32.6%

263.73
222.72
259.47
369.64
448.50
302.07
343.47
378.73
406.33
429.33
440.83
340.02
356.12
280.60
314.72
321.79
509.26
475.33
517.50
582.67
460.00
494.50
517.50
417.83
587.71
720.67
578.83
632.50
709.17
766.67
881.67

29.5%
34.9%
29.9%
21.0%
17.3%
25.7%
22.6%
20.5%
19.1%
18.1%
17.6%
22.8%
21.8%
27.7%
24.7%
24.1%
15.3%
16.3%
15.0%
13.3%
16.9%
15.7%
15.0%
18.6%
13.2%
10.8%
13.4%
12.3%
11.0%
10.1%
8.8%

## A Beginners Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition

Example 8.5

by: TBQ

Given: A continuous beam over two spans as shown, is subjected to a uniform dead load of 2.4 kips/ft and a
Given: A continuous beam over two spans as shown, is subjected to a uniform dead load of 2.4 kips/ft and a
uniform live load of 1.8 k/ft. The beam has full lateral support. Use F7 electrodes to fillet weld the cover plate
uniform live load of 1.8 k/ft. The beam has full lateral support. Use F7 electrodes to fillet weld the cover plate
to the beam flanges.
to the beam flanges.
Span1
Span2

D
L
Steel
Fy

13.50 ft
15.00 ft

Shear
1.50

Flexure
1.67

2.4 klf
1.8 klf
A992
50 ksi

Wanted: Select the lightest W section that will satisfy the flexure criteria for positive moment. Add cover plates to
Wanted: Select the lightest W section that will satisfy the flexure criteria for positive moment. Add cover plates to
satisfy the flexure criteria for negative moment.
satisfy the flexure criteria for negative moment.
Solution:

## Note: This solution uses ASD

Compute the moment envelope using moment distribution and influential superposition.
Other methods can be used, if you are more comfortable with them.
Apply unit load to each span and find the corresponding moment information.

Span
1/L
Joint
DF
FEM
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO

Span AB
13.50
0.074074
1
A
1.000
15.188
-15.188
3.997
3.997
-3.997
1.998
1.998
-1.998
0.999
0.999
-0.999
0.500
0.500
-0.500
0.250

B
0.526
-15.188
7.993
-7.594
-14.788
3.997
-1.998
-12.789
1.998
-0.999
-11.790
0.999
-0.500
-11.291
0.500
-0.250

Span BC
15.00
0.066667
0
B
0.474
0.000
7.194
0.000
7.194
3.597
-1.799
8.993
1.799
-0.899
9.892
0.899
-0.450
10.341
0.450
-0.225

Units
ft
k/ft
C
1.000
0.000
0.000
3.597
3.597
-3.597
1.799
1.799
-1.799
0.899
0.899
-0.899
0.450
0.450
-0.450
0.225

ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k

Span
1/L
Joint
DF
FEM
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO

Span AB
13.50
0.074074
0
A
1.000
0.000
0.000
-4.934
-4.934
4.934
-2.467
-2.467
2.467
-1.234
-1.234
1.234
-0.617
-0.617
0.617
-0.308

Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Reactions

0.250
-0.250
0.125
0.125
-0.125
0.062
0.062
-0.062
0.031
0.031
-0.031
0.016
0.016
5.951

-11.041
0.250
-0.125
-10.916
0.125
-0.062
-10.854
0.062
-0.031
-10.822
0.031
-0.016
-10.807
7.549

10.566
0.225
-0.112
10.679
0.112
-0.056
10.735
0.056
-0.028
10.763
0.028
-0.014
10.777
0.719

0.225
-0.225
0.112
0.112
-0.112
0.056
0.056
-0.056
0.028
0.028
-0.028
0.014
0.014
-0.719

ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k

Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Balance
CO
Sum
Reactions

-0.308
0.308
-0.154
-0.154
0.154
-0.077
-0.077
0.077
-0.039
-0.039
0.039
-0.019
-0.019
-1.096

w/o Plates
+Mn /
(ft-k)
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83
82.83

-Mn /
(ft-k)
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83

Start

End

x
(ft)
0
1.35
2.7
4.05
5.4
6.75
8.1
9.45
10.8
12.00
12.00
12.15
12.79
13.5
0
0.66
1.5
1.50
1.50
3
4.5
6
7.5
9
10.5
12
13.5
15

x
(ft)
0
1.35
2.7
4.05
5.4
6.75
8.1
9.45
10.8
12
12
12.15
12.79
13.5
13.5
14.16
15
15.00
15.00
16.5
18
19.5
21
22.5
24
25.5
27
28.5

LC 1
(ft-k)
-0.016
7.107
12.406
15.883
17.538
17.370
15.380
11.567
5.931
-0.608
-0.608
-1.526
-5.711
-10.807
-10.777
-10.301
-9.698
-9.698
-9.698
-8.619
-7.540
-6.461
-5.382
-4.302
-3.223
-2.144
-1.065
0.014

AB
BA
D
11.65
20.75

LC 2
(ft-k)
0.019
-1.461
-2.941
-4.422
-5.902
-7.382
-8.862
-10.343
-11.823
-13.139
-13.139
-13.303
-14.007
-14.783
-14.820
-9.422
-3.215
-3.215
-3.215
6.141
13.246
18.101
20.706
21.062
19.167
15.022
8.627
-0.017

D
(ft-k)
0.01
13.55
22.72
27.51
27.93
23.97
15.64
2.94
-14.14
-32.99
-32.99
-35.59
-47.32
-61.42
-61.43
-47.34
-30.99
-30.99
-30.99
-5.95
13.69
27.94
36.78
40.22
38.26
30.91
18.15
-0.01
Peak:

BC
22.095

CB
13.905

Lower
(ft-k)
-0.02
10.92
17.42
19.55
17.30
10.68
-0.31
-15.68
-35.42
-57.73
-57.73
-62.28
-82.82
-107.48
-107.51
-82.84
-54.23
-54.23
-54.23
-21.46
0.12
16.31
27.09
32.48
32.46
27.05
16.23
-0.04
-107.51

Upper
(ft-k)
0.04
26.34
45.05
56.10
59.50
55.24
43.33
23.76
-3.46
-32.99
-32.99
-35.59
-47.32
-61.42
-61.43
-47.34
-30.99
-30.99
-30.99
5.11
37.54
60.52
74.05
78.13
72.76
57.95
33.68
0.02
78.13

Upper
Lower

22.36
9.68

36.31
20.75

38.67
22.10

Design Shear, Va

38.67 k

Req'd Vn = Va

58.00 k

25.63
12.61

k
k

## Select the base section for peak positive moment

Select the section for Ma
78.13 ft-k
Req'd Mn = Ma
130.48 ft-k
Req'd Zx
31.3 in3
From SCM pg 3-18, use

Shear Strength

W14x22

wt/ft

22

lb/ft

kv

53.85

d
tw

13.7

in

sqrt(kvE/Fy)

0.23

in

Cv

1.00

h/tw

53.3

Vn

94.53

Ix

199

in4

Req'd Vn / Vn

0.61

Good

Sx

29

in3

Zx

33.2

in3

bf

in

tf

0.335

in

bf/2tf

7.46

## Design the cover plates

Design Moment, Ma
Req'd Mn
Req'd Mn for cover plates

107.51 ft-k
179.54 ft-k
41.20 ft-k

Req'd Z
t
(in)
0.125

0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
Zx,PL
Mn,PL
Req'd/Allo

Compact Criteria
(SCM Table B4.1b, Case 18)

9.89 in3
b.compute
(in)
5.722
2.836
1.874
1.393
1.105
10.463

b.use
(in)
5.75

3
1.875
1.5
1.125

b/t

(b/t)/ p

46
12
5
3
1.8

1.71
0.44
0.19
0.11
0.07

in3

43.59 ft-k
0.945 Good

## Design weld of cover plates to beam

max size fillet weld, amax

0.1875 in

No Good
Good
Good
Good
Good

26.97

0.1875 in
0.1875 in

Use, a
FEXX

70 ksi

rn

## Compute Shear flow

Q
V
I
q
Weld capacity
spacing of 1" welds
strength
buckling

5.23125
58.00
272.0
1.12

in3
k
in4
k/in of cover plate

## 11.14 k/in per pair of welds

9.98 in O.C.
10.92 in O.C.

Use 1" long, 3/16" fillet welds spaced 9" in O.C. along both sides of ea. cover plate.
Determine the length of the plates
Added basic W section capacity to table and graph above then solved for locations of intersection using goal seek.

Start
End

Req'd
(ft)
12.79
14.16

## Dist btwn inflection pnt

Plate strength, FyApl =
req'd dbl weld length =
min requ'd length
Use Length

Use
(ft)
12
15
1.37 (ft)
37.5 kips
3.37 in
1.93 ft
3.00

## Use 4" of 3/16" on ea. Side of each

end of the cover plate.

## ft centered on the support

Final Design:
See section drawing.
Plate to be centered on middle support.

er plates to
ver plates to

B
0.526
0.000
-9.868
0.000
-9.868
-4.934
2.467
-12.336
-2.467
1.234
-13.569
-1.234
0.617
-14.186
-0.617
0.308

Span BC
15.00
0.066667
1
B
0.474
18.750
-8.882
9.375
19.243
-4.441
2.220
17.023
-2.220
1.110
15.913
-1.110
0.555
15.358
-0.555
0.278

Units
ft
k/ft
C
1.000
-18.750
18.750
-4.441
-4.441
4.441
-2.220
-2.220
2.220
-1.110
-1.110
1.110
-0.555
-0.555
0.555
-0.278

ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k

15.080
-0.278
0.139
14.941
-0.139
0.069
14.872
-0.069
0.035
14.837
-0.035
0.017
14.820
8.487

-0.278
0.278
-0.139
-0.139
0.139
-0.069
-0.069
0.069
-0.035
-0.035
0.035
-0.017
-0.017
6.513

w/Plates
Req'd/Act +Mn /
(ft-k)
0.00
82.83
0.13
82.83
0.21
82.83
0.24
82.83
0.21
82.83
0.13
82.83
0.00
82.83
0.19
82.83
0.43
82.83
0.70
82.83
0.70
108.94
0.75
108.94
1.00
108.94
1.30
108.94
1.30
108.94
1.00
108.94
0.65
108.94
0.65
108.94
0.65
82.83
0.26
82.83
0.00
82.83
0.20
82.83
0.33
82.83
0.39
82.83
0.39
82.83
0.33
82.83
0.20
82.83
0.00
82.83

-Mn /
(ft-k)
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-108.94
-108.94
-108.94
-108.94
-108.94
-108.94
-108.94
-108.94
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83
-82.83

ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k
ft-k

150.00

100.00

50.00
Moment (ft-k)

-14.494
-0.308
0.154
-14.648
-0.154
0.077
-14.726
-0.077
0.039
-14.764
-0.039
0.019
-14.783
1.096

0.00
0

10

15

20

-50.00

-100.00

-150.00

Location, X (ft)

25

Flexural Strength
Flexural Plastic Strength
Mp = FyZx =
138.3

ft-k

9.15

24.08

Mr = .7FySx =

84.58

class
Mn
Req'd Mn / Mn

ft-k

Compact
138.33

ft-k

0.943

Good

20

X (ft)

25

30

D
Lower
Upper
+Capaci
ty
Capacity
+Cap.
w/PL

## A Beginners Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 14th edition

Example 8.6

by: TBQ

Given: A W18x35 is to be used as a transfer girder to transfer a column load over an opening as shown. The
Given: A W18x35 is to be used as a transfer girder to transfer a column load over an opening as shown. The
supporting wall is a 10 inch thick concrete wall with a 28-day compressive strength, f'c, of 4,000 psi. Use the
supporting wall is a 10 inch thick concrete wall with a 28-day compressive strength, f'c, of 4,000 psi. Use the
preferred steel for all steel components.
preferred steel for all steel components.
Beam Size W18x35
Steel Types
Fy

Item
W section
Plate
f'c

(ksi)
50
36

A992
A36
3000 psi
Shear

Wall t
Column d

1.50

10 in
8 in

## Wanted: Design bearing plates for the following conditions:

Wanted: Design bearing plates for the following conditions:
a. Size the bearing plate at point A for a reaction force equal to 75% of the shear capacity of the W18x35.
a. Size the bearing plate at point A for a reaction force equal to 75% of the shear capacity of the W18x35.
b. Size the bearing plate at B for a load equal to 125% of the shear capacity of the W18x35. Assume that the
b. Size the bearing plate at B for a load equal to 125% of the shear capacity of the W18x35. Assume that the
supported column length along the beam is 8".
supported column length along the beam is 8".
c. Size the bearing plate at point B for a reaction force equal to 50% of the shear capacity of the W18x35.
c. Size the bearing plate at point B for a reaction force equal to 50% of the shear capacity of the W18x35.
Solution:
Solution Summary: Calculations follow
Part
a
b
c

N
(in)
10.00
22.50
5.00

B
(in)
4.75
6.00
4.00

t
(in)
0.625
2
0.625

d
tw

Part (a)

17.7
0.3

in

Shear Strength
kv

in

sqrt(kvE/Fy)

h/tw

53.5

0.827

in

bf

in

tf

0.425

in

Req'd Rn

119.5 k = 75% Vn

Compute req'd N

5
53.85

Cv

1.00

Vn

159.30

## Web Local Yielding

Solve SCM Eq J10-3 for lb

Web Crippling
Solve SCM Eq J10-5 for lb

lb >=

temp. #

5.90 in

Equation
J10-5a
J10-5b
lb > =

51.60
N
(in)
13.09
10.70

N/d
0.739
0.605

## DON'T USE THIS ONE!!!

J10-5b

10.70 in

The available wall width is 10" so bearing stiffeners are required, but not part of this problem.
Use N:
Req'd / Act

10 in
1.070 No Good, Use bearing stiffeners

## Compute req'd plate width, B

Since the bearing plate is the full width of the wall, A1 = A2 in SCM Eq J8-2,
Equation J8-2 becomes equation J8-1 when A1 = A2.
N1 =

10 in

N2 =

10 in
4.69 in

Req'd B >=
Use B:
Req'd / Act

4.75 in
0.986 Good

## Compute req'd plate thickness, t

(B-C)/2 =
1.548 in
t >=
0.579 in
9.259 / 16 inch

Part (b)

Use t:
Req'd / Act

0.625 in
0.926 Good

Req'd Rn

199.1 k = 125% Vn

Compute req'd N
Web Local Yielding
Solve SCM Eq J10-2 for lb

Web Crippling
Solve SCM Eq J10-5 for lb

lb >=

temp. #

9.14 in

Equation
J10-5a
J10-5b
lb > =
Use N:
Req'd / Act

22.5 in
0.988 Good

51.60
N
(in)
28.45
22.22
22.22 in

N/d
1.607
1.255

J10-5b

## Determine plate width, B

This plate is not bearing on concrete.
Selection of the plate width will depend more on matching sizes being joined.
In this case we know the dimension of the column relative to beam span but not across the section.
It is unlikely that the width will be more than the beam flange.
Use B:

6 in

## Compute req'd plate thickness, t

(N-C)/2 =
7.450 in
t >=
1.810 in
28.954 / 16 inch
14.47679 / 8 inch
7.238395 / 4 inch
Use t:
2 in
Req'd / Act
0.905 Good
Part (c)

Req'd Rn

79.7 k = 50% Vn

Compute req'd N
Web Local Yielding
Solve SCM Eq J10-3 for lb

Web Crippling
Solve SCM Eq J10-5 for lb

lb >=

temp. #

3.24 in

Equation
J10-5a
J10-5b
lb > =

51.60
N
(in)
5.41
4.94

N/d
0.306
0.279

## DON'T USE THIS ONE!!!

J10-5b

4.94 in

The available wall width is 10" so bearing stiffeners are required, but not part of this problem.
Use N:
Req'd / Act

5 in
0.988 Good

## Compute req'd plate width, B

Place the plate in the center of the wall
Since the bearing plate is not the full width of the wall, A1 < A2 in SCM Eq J8-2,
N1 =

5 in

N2 =

10 in
3.12 in

Req'd B >=
Use B:
Req'd / Act

4 in
0.781 Good

## Compute req'd plate thickness, t

(B-C)/2 =
1.173 in
t >=
0.552 in
8.828 / 16 inch

Use t:
Req'd / Act

0.625 in <--- B chosen so that t comes out same thickness as for part (a)
0.883 Good

35.
x35.
hat the
that the

35.
x35.