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Bulletin No.

A1480
October 15, 2003

CENTRICAST
CL-1520
Piping Systems

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


PRODUCT
CENTRICAST CL-1520 pipe is
manufactured with high-strength glass
fabrics and a highly resilient formulation of corrosion resistant vinyl ester
resin. An inner liner of 50 mils of 100%
pure resin provides excellent corrosion
resistance. It is recommended for most
highly chlorinated or acidic mixtures up
to 175F and many other chemicals
up to 200F. Pipe and fittings are available in 112" through 14" diameters with
static pressure ratings up to 150 psig, with
higher pressure ratings in smaller sizes.
CENTRICAST CL-1520 pipe comes in 20
nominal or exact lengths.

EXTERNAL BARRIER
CL-1520 has a resin-rich corrosion barrier on the outside surface
which provides superior resistance
to exterior corrosion. CL-1520 also contains a UV inhibitor for protection
against fiber blooming caused by

ultraviolet radiation. Smith Fibercast


warrants CENTRICAST CL-1520 pipe and
fittings against reduction of physical and
corrosion ratings due to ultraviolet
exposure for a period of 15 years.

Refer to Chemical Resistance Guide,


Manual No. E5615 for proper application.

BENEFITS

A socket joining system connection is available for easy field assembly.


Fittings are equipped with consistent,
predetermined socket dimensions and
positive landing areas for the mating pipe
ends. Only thorough sanding of the pipe
O.D. and the mating fittings socket is
required prior to applying adhesive.
Adhesive joints are assembled using a
patented, high strength adhesive with
the same chemical and temperature
capabilities as the pipe and fittings.

The excellent chemical resistance


of CL-1520 fiberglass reinforced pipe
means a longer service life than pipe
made of traditional materials, especially
in acids and mixtures of chemicals.
The longer life means a reduction in
maintenance and replacement costs.
Compared to metallic piping systems, CL-1520 pipe can be installed
easier and faster, and heavy equipment
is seldom required. A considerable
savings on total installed cost may be
achieved because less labor and auxiliary equipment is required.
CL-1520 pipe offers the advantage
of light weight. For example, 4" CL1520 pipe weighs 1.70 lbs. per ft.
compared to 10.79 lbs. per ft. for 4"
Schedule 40 stainless. Therefore, a
20 ft. length of CL-1520 pipe weighs
only 34 lbs. while the same length of
Schedule 40 weighs 216 lbs. or six
times the weight of CL-1520 pipe.

FIELD JOINING

DISTRIBUTION

CL-1520 pipes easy-to-fabricate


joining system provides user friendly field fabrication with standard
contractor hand tools. The positive
stops in the fittings allow easy fabrication of complex pipe spools where
close tolerances are required. See
Manual No. F6080, Pipe Installation
Handbook, for installation instructions
and proper fabrication for your particular application.

Smith Fibercast has a network of


stocking distributors across the U.S.
as well as representatives and distributors in many other parts of the
world. These distributors are supported by a staff of experienced technical personnel at the home offices and
by highly trained, strategically located field personnel.

FITTINGS
Compatible vinyl ester fittings are
manufactured with the same chemical/
temperature capabilities as the pipe.
Depending on the particular part and size,
fittings will be compression molded,
contact molded, filament wound, or
hand fabricated.

JOINING METHODS

RECOMMENDED SERVICES
CENTRICAST CL-1520 vinyl ester
resin pipe is excellent for many chemical and slurry applications including
strong acids, chlorine and oxidizing
agents that corrode traditional metal pipe.

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


PIPE PROPERTIES
General Specifications and Dimensional Data*
Nominal
Pipe
Size
(In.)

1 12
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
*

Nominal
I.D.
(In.)
(mm)

1.52
2.00
3.12
4.12
6.21
8.15
10.3
12.3
13.5

Nominal
O.D.
(In.)
(mm)

38.6 1.90
50.7 2.38
79.2 3.50
105.0 4.50
158.0 6.63
207.0 8.63
261.0 10.75
312.0 12.75
343.0 14.00

48.3
60.3
88.9
114.0
168.0
219.0
273.0
324.0
356.0

Nominal
Wall
Thickness
(In.)
(mm)

0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.21
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
5.3
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1

Reinforcement
Thickness
(In.)
(mm)

0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.15
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18

3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.8
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6

Nominal
Weight
(Lbs./Ft.) (kg/m)

0.67
1.00
0.86
1.28
1.30
1.94
1.70
2.53
2.79
4.16
4.17
6.21
5.23
7.78
6.23
9.26
6.85 10.19

Capacity
(Gal./Ft.) (Cu. Ft./Ft.)

0.09
0.16
0.40
0.69
1.57
2.71
4.30
6.14
7.46

0.013
0.022
0.053
0.093
0.210
0.362
0.575
0.821
0.997

All values are nominal. Tolerances or maximum/minimum limits can be obtained from Smith Fibercast.

ASTM D2997 Designation Codes:


112 - 4

RTRP-22BT-4556

RTRP-22BT-4555

RTRP-22BT-4554

10 - 12

RTRP-22BT-4553

14

RTRP-22BT-4552

Pipe Lengths Available


Size
(In.)

Mechanical properties cell


classifications shown are
minimum. Actual classifications may be higher for some
sizes.

112 - 14

Length (Ft.)

20*

* Pipe is offered in random or


exact lengths. Random lengths
are from 15.0 to 20.4 feet long.

Pressure Ratings for Uninsulated Piping Systems (1)(2)


Nominal

Maximum External Pressure(6)

Max. Internal Pressure @ 175F (psig)

Pipe

Socket

Flanged

Other

Size

Pressure

Pressure

Pressure

(In.)

Fittings(3)

Fittings(4)

Fittings(5)

112
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14

300
275
200
150
150
150
150
150
125

300
200
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

NA
125
125
100
100
100
75
75
NA

(1) Static pressure ratings, typically created with use of a gear pump, turbine pump, centrifugal pump, or multiplex pump having 4 or more
pistons, or elevation head.
(2) Reduce pressure ratings by 30% for 175 to 200F operating temperatures. For compressible gasses, insulated and/or heat traced piping systems, consult the factory for pressure ratings. CENTRICAST CL-1520
pipe and vinyl ester fittings can be used in drainage and vent systems
up to 200F. Heat cured adhesive joints are highly recommended for
all piping systems carrying fluids at temperatures above 120F.

@ 75F

@150F

650
380
130
50
30
25
16
10
7

579
268
74
33
21
17
13
8
5

@ 175F

491
227
63
28
17
14
11
7
4

(3) Socket elbows, tees, reducers, couplings, flanges and nipples joined
with WELDFAST CL-200 adhesive.
(4) Flanged elbows, tees, reducers, couplings and nipples assembled at factory.
(5) Laterals, crosses, saddles and grooved nipples.
(6) Ratings shown are 50% of ultimate. 14.7 psi external pressure is equal
to full vacuum.
NA = Not available at time of printing.

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


Average Physical Properties(1)
Property

Nominal Size
@ 75 F/ @ 24 C
psi
MPa

Nominal Size
@ 150 F/ @ 66 C
psi
MPa

Nominal Size
@ 175 F/ @ 80 C
psi
MPa

30,000
7,500

210
52

26,000
6,500

180
45

25,000
6,250

170
43

2.6E+06

17900

2.3E+06

15900

2..2E+06

15200

Axial Tensile ASTM D2105


Ultimate Stress
Design Stress
Modulus of Elasticity

Poissons Ratio

0.15

0.15

0.15

Axial Compression ASTM D695


Ultimate Stress
Design Stress
Modulus of Elasticity

32,000
8,000

220
55

30,000
7,500

200
52

22,000
5,500

150
38

3.1E+06

21400

2.7E+06

18600

2.6E+06

17900

40,000
5,000

280
34

35,000
4,375

240
30

33,000
4,125

230
28

3.3E+06

22800

2.9E+06

20000

2.8E+06

19300

Beam Bending ASTM D2925


Ultimate Stress
Design Stress
Modulus of Elasticity (long term)

Hydrostatic Burst ASTM D1599


Ultimate Hoop Tensile Stress
Hoop Tensile Modulus of Elasticity

30,000

200

26,000

180

25,000

170

2.4E+06

17000

2.1E+06

14500

2.0E+06

13800

11,690

81

Hydrostatic Design ASTM D2992,


Procedure B Hoop Tensile Stress
Static 50 Year @ 175F

Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion


ASTM D696

Non-Insulated Pipe:
Insulated Pipe:

8.4 x 10-6 in./in./F


9.2 x 10-6 in./in./F

15.2x10-6 mm/mmC
16.6x10-6 mm/mmC

Thermal Conductivity

0.07 BTU/(ft)(hr)(F)

0.04 W/(m)(C)

Specific Gravity (Density)

152 (0.055 Lb/in.3)

(1.52 g/cm3)

Hazen-Williams Flow Factor

C-150
1.7 x 10-5 Feet

Surface Roughness
Mannings n

0.009

(1) Stress and modulus values can be interpolated between temperatures shown. Consult the factory for Modulus of Elasticity values between 175F and 200F.

Properties of Pipe Sections Based on


Minimum Reinforced Walls
Size
(In.)

Reinforcement
End Area (In.2)

Reinforcement
Moment of Inertia (In.4)

112
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14

0.72
0.92
1.38
1.79
3.05
4.78
5.98
7.11
7.82

0.29
0.58
1.96
4.26
16.00
42.60
83.50
140.00
187.00

Reinforcement
Total Wall
Section Modulus (In.3) End Area (In.2)
0.30
0.49
1.12
1.90
4.83
9.88
15.50
22.00
26.70

1.02
1.30
1.98
2.57
4.23
6.32
7.92
9.43
10.40

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


Recommended Operating Ratings(1)
Axial
Tensile Loads
Max. (Lbs.)
Size
(In.)

Axial Compressive
Loads

Bending
Radius
Max. (Lbs.)(2)
Min. (Ft.)
Entire
@
@
Temp.
75 F 175F(1)(2) Range

Torque
Max.
(Ft.Lbs.)
Entire
Temp.
Range

Parallel Plate Loading(3)


@ 5% Deflection & 75F
ASTM D2412
Stiffness
Pipe
Hoop
Factor
Stiffness Modulus
In.3Lbs./In.2 (psi)
x 106 (psi)

@
75 F

@
175F(1)

112

5,400

4,500

5,800

4,000

52

125

366

3,545

2.0

6,900

5,700

7,300

5,000

65

203

366

1,738

2.0

10,300

8,600

11,000

7,600

96

466

458

642

2.5

13,400

11,200

14,300

9,800

124

790

458

294

2.5

22,900

19,100

24,400

16,800

182

2,013

788

156

2.8

35,800

29,800

38,200

26,300

237

4,115

1,264

113

2.6

10

44,800

37,400

47,800

32,900

296

6,473

1,458

66

3.0

12

53,300

44,400

56,900

39,100

351

9,178

1,652

45

3.4

14

58,600

48,800

62,500

43,000

385

11,108

1,652

34

3.4

(1) Consult the factory for design recommendations above 175F.


(2) Compressive loads are for short columns only. Buckling loads
must be calculated when applicable.

(3) Burial calculations must be based on 5% deflection as shown in


table above.

SUPPORTS
4 Avoid point contact loads.
5 Avoid excessive bending. This applies to handling, transporting, initial layout, and final installed position.
6 Avoid excessive vertical run loading. Vertical loads
should be supported sufficiently to minimize bending
stresses at outlets or changes in direction.

The following engineering analysis must be performed to


determine the maximum support spacing for the piping system. Proper pipe support spacing depends on the temperature and weight of the fluid carried in the pipe. The support
spacing is calculated using continuous beam equations and
the pipe bending modulus derived from long-term beam
bending tests. The following tables were developed to ensure
a design that limits beam mid-span deflection to 12 inch and
bending stresses to less than or equal to 1/8 of the ultimate
bending stress. Any additional weight on the piping system
such as insulation or heat tracing requires further consideration. Restrained (anchored) piping systems operating at elevated temperatures often result in guide spacing requirements that are more stringent than simple unrestrained piping systems. In this case, the maximum guide spacing will
dictate the support/guide spacing requirements for the system. Pipe support spans at changes in direction require special attention. Supported and unsupported fittings at
changes in direction are considered in the following tables
and must be followed to properly design the piping system.

Maximum Support Spacing


for Uninsulated Pipe*
Continuous Spans of Pipe (Ft.)
Specific Gravity=1.0, Deflection=12

There are six basic rules to follow when designing piping


system supports, anchors, and guides:
1 Do not exceed the recommended support span.
2 Support valves and heavy in-line equipment independently . This applies to both vertical and horizontal piping.
3 Protect pipe from external abrasion.

Nom.
Pipe Size
(In.)

Temperature
75F

150F

175F

112
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14

16.4
17.6
19.9
21.4
24.7
27.7
29.4
30.8
31.6

15.8
17.0
19.2
20.7
23.9
26.8
28.5
29.8
30.6

15.7
16.9
19.1
20.5
23.7
26.5
28.2
29.5
30.3

Consult factory for spans above 175F or for insulated pipe


support spacing.

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


Support Spacing vs. Specific Gravity
Specific
Gravity

3.00

2.00

1.50

1.25

1.00

0.75

Gas/Air

Multiplier

0.76

0.84

0.90

0.95

1.00

1.07

1.40

Example: 6 pipe @ 150F with 1.5 specific gravity fluid, maximum support spacing = 22.5 x 0.9 = 20.2 ft.

Piping Span Adjustment Factors


With Supported Fitting at Change in
Direction

Piping Span Adjustment Factors


With Unsupported Fitting at
Change in Direction
Span Type

Type of Span

Factor

Adjustment Factor

Continuous interior or fixed end spans

1.00

Continuous interior or fixed end spans

1.00

Second span from simple supported


end or unsupported fitting

0.80

Span at supported fitting or span adjacent


to a simple supported end

0.80

c+d

Sum of unsupported spans at fitting

< 0.75*

Simple supported end span

0.67

Simple supported end span

0.67

*For example: If continuous support span is 10 ft., c + d must not


exceed 7.5 ft. (c = 3 ft. and d = 4.5 ft. would satisfy this condition).

THERMAL EXPANSION
Four methods are as follows:

To determine the effects of expansion and contraction


within a piping system, it is necessary to know the following:

1. Direction Changes
2. Restrained End
Installation

1. The design temperature conditions,


2. The type and size of pipe,
3. The layout of the system, including dimensions and the
thermal movements, if any, of the terminal points.
4. The limitations on end reactions at terminal points as
established by equipment manufacturers.
5. The temperature changes for expansion are calculated by
subtracting the installation temperature (temperature at
time of final tie in) from the maximum design temperature. Temperature changes for contraction are calculated
by subtracting the minimum design temperature from
the installation temperature.

3. Mechanical Expansion Joints


4. Expansion Loops

Guides, mechanical expansion joints, and expansion


loops are installed in straight pipe lines that are anchored at
both ends.
The experience of users of Smith Fibercast piping systems
has shown that if direction changes cannot be used to
accommodate thermal expansion and contraction, then
guide spacing is usually the most economical method.

Expansion and contraction of above ground fiberglass


pipe may be handled by several different methods.

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


Unrestrained
Thermal Expansion
Uninsulated Pipe(1)
Change in
Temperature
(F)

Restrained Thermal Expansion


Pipe Compressive End Loads
Uninsulated Pipe(1)

Pipe Change
in Length
(In./100 Ft.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200

Allowable
Bending Moment
90 Elbow

Nominal
End
Nominal
End
Pipe Size Loads Pipe Size Loads
(in)
(Lbs./F)
(in)
(Lbs./F)

0.25
0.50
0.76
1.01
1.26
1.51
1.76
2.02

Nominal Allowable Nominal Allowable


Pipe Size Moment Pipe Size Moment
(in)
(FtLbs.)
(in)
(FtLbs.)

112

18.8

124.4

112

150

2,850

23.9

10

155.6

225

10

4,500

35.8

12

185.1

475

12

6,500

46.5

14

203.5

650

14

10,000

79.5

1,650

(1) Consult the factory for thermal expansion and


compressive end loads of insulated pipe.

Maximum Guide Spacing for Restrained Thermal End Loads (Feet)


Nominal
Pipe Size
(In.)

25

50

75

Temperature Change F*
100

125

150

175

200

1 2

10.8

7.6

6.2

5.4

4.8

4.4

4.1

3.8

13.7

9.7

7.9

6.8

6.1

5.6

5.2

4.8

20.5

14.5

11.8

10.2

9.2

8.4

7.7

7.2

26.5

18.8

15.3

13.3

11.9

10.8

10.0

9.4

39.3

27.8

22.7

19.7

17.6

16.1

14.9

13.9

51.3

36.3

29.6

25.6

22.9

20.9

19.4

18.1

10

64.2

45.4

37.1

32.1

28.7

26.2

24.3

22.7

12

76.3

54.0

44.1

38.2

34.1

31.2

28.8

27.0

14

83.9

59.3

48.4

41.9

37.5

34.3

31.7

29.7

*Note: Temperature Change = Maximum Fluid Temperature - Installation Temperature.

Expansion Loop Minimum Leg Length (Feet)


Total Deflection to be Absorbed (inches)
Size (In.)

1/2

112
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14

2.6
2.9
3.5
4.3
5.3
6.5
7.3
7.9
7.3

3.6
4.0
4.9
6.1
7.5
9.3
10.3
11.1
10.3

2
5.1
5.7
6.9
8.7
10.5
13.1
14.6
15.7
14.6

3
6.3
7.0
8.5
10.6
12.9
16.0
17.9
19.3
17.9

4
7.2
8.1
9.8
12.3
14.9
18.5
20.6
22.3
20.7

8.1
9.0
11.0
13.7
16.7
20.7
23.1
24.9
23.1

8.9
9.9
12.0
15.0
18.3
22.7
25.3
27.3
25.3

9.6
10.7
13.0
16.2
19.7
24.5
27.3
29.4
27.4

Note: Multiply expansion loop minimum leg length by 1.414 for directional change contilever leg length.

8
10.2
11.4
13.9
17.3
21.1
26.2
29.2
31.5
29.2

10

10.8
12.1
14.7
18.4
22.4
27.8
30.9
33.4
31.0

11.4
12.8
15.5
19.4
23.6
29.3
32.6
35.2
32.7

CENTRICAST CL-1520 Pipe


TESTING
See Section 3 of Smith Fibercast Manual No. F6080, Pipe
Installation Handbook: Hydrostatic Testing and System Start
Up.
Whenever possible, Smith Fibercast piping systems
should be hydrostatically tested prior to being put into
service. Care should be taken when testing, as in actual

installation, to avoid water hammer. All anchors, guides


and supports must be in place prior to testing the line.
Test pressure should not be more than 112 times the
working pressure of the piping system and never exceed 112
times the rated operating pressure of the lowest rated component in the system.

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
Fluid (Water) Hammer
When flow suddenly starts or stops, by pump startup or by
a quick closing valve, a high pressure surge can be created.
The maximum pressure surge in psig caused by water hammer can be calculated by multiplying the fluid velocity in
ft./sec. times the constant listed in this table. The instantaneous
peak pressure for the system will equal the water hammer surge
plus the pressure in the system at the time the water hammer
occurred.
Fluid hammer high pressure surge can be significantly
reduced by controlling pump startup and valve closure
rates.

Fluid (Water) Hammer


Constants(1)
Nominal
Nominal
Pipe Size
Pipe Size
(in)
Constants
(in)
Constants
112

40.5

24.6

37.2

10

22.3

31.8

12

20.6

28.5

14

19.7

25.6

(1) Constants
are valid for
water at 75F.

It is the policy of Smith Fibercast to improve its products continually. In accordance with that policy, the right is
reserved to make changes in specifications, descriptions, and illustrative material contained in this bulletin as conditions warrant. The information contained herein is general in nature and is not intended to express any warranty of
any type whatsoever, nor shall any be implied.

P.O. Box 968 25 South Main Sand Springs, OK 74063


(800) 331-4406 or (918) 245-6651 Fax: (Local/International) (918) 245-7566 Fax: (800) 365-7473
2700 West 65th Street Little Rock, AR 72209
(501) 568-4010 Fax: (501) 568-4465
http://www.smithfibercast.com
and Trademarks of Varco I/P Inc.
Copyright 2003, Varco L.P.

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