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# Reg. No.

## B.E. DEGREE MODEL EXAMINATION, APRIL 2013

DATE : 17.04.2013

Fourth Semester
Mechanical Engineering
ME2254 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
Time : Three hours

## Maximum : 100 marks

Part A - (10 x 2 = 20)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Define Stress.
State the relationship between Youngs modulus and Modulus of rigidity.
Define (a) Shear force and (b) Bending moment at a section.
Draw the shear stress distribution for solid circular section.
Write down the equation for Wahl factor.
Write the torsional Equation.
How will you get the point of maximum deflection?
Give the magnitude of deflection for a simply supported beam subjected to uniformly
distributed load over the entire length.
9. Differentiate between thin cylinder and thick cylinder.
10. On a principal plane, ----------------- stress is zero.

PART B (5X16=80)

11.a.) A metallic bar 250mm x 100mm x 50mm is subjected to forces as shown in figure -1. Find
the change in volume taking E = 2 x 105 N/mm2 and Poissons ratio = 0.25. Also find the change
that should be made in the 3MN load, in order that there should be no change in the volume of
the bar.

Fig.1
(OR)
11.b) The load P is applied on the bars as shown in figure 2. Find the safe load P if
the stresses in brass and steel are not to exceed 60N/mm 2 and 120N/mm2

respectively. E for steel = 200kN/mm2, E for brass = 100kN/mm2. The copper rods
are 40mm x 40mm in section and the steel rod is 50mm x 50mm in section. Length
of steel rod is 250mm and copper rod is 150mm.
P

Fig. 2

150m
m
Copper
rod

Copper
rod
Steel rod

100m
m

12.a)Draw the SF and BM diagram for the beam shown in figure-3 Find the maximum values
and their positions. Give the values at important points in the diagram.
2

2 KN
B
C

Fig. 3

4m

(OR)
12.b) A cast iron bracket subjected to bending has the cross section of I form with unequal
flanges (fig.4). Find the position of the neutral axis and moment of inertia of the section about
the neutral axis. If the allowable stress in tension is 250 N/mm2 and in compression is
175N/mm2, Calculate maximum sagging moment that can be taken by the beam.
200 mm

50

200

50

Fig.4
50
125m

13.a) A solid circular shaft transmits 75kW power at 200 r.p.m. Calculate the shaft diameter, if
the twist in the shaft is not to exceed one degree in 2m length of shaft and shear stress is not to
exceed 50 N/mm2. Assume the modulus of rigidity of the material of the shaft as 100kN/mm2.

(OR)
13.b) It is required to design a close coiled helical spring which shall deflect 10mm under an
axial load of 100 N at a shear stress of 90 N/mm2. The coil mean diameter is 10 times the wire
diameter. Find the diameters and the length of wire. C = 80kN/mm2.
14.a) A simply supported loaded beam ABCD is shown in fig.5, calculate (i) Slope at A and B
(ii) deflection at C and D. Assume EI = 2.1 X 104 kN-m2
20

10
A

C
2

D
2m

Fig. 5
(OR)

14.b)

(i) Derive the Eulers critical load for column of length l with uniform cross
section for support condition one end fixed and other end free, subjected to a axial
(ii) For what length of a mild steel bar of 50mm diameter used as column the
Eulers theory is applicable if the ultimate compressive strength is 350N/mm 2
and E = 210 GPa, when both ends are hinged.

15.a)A thin cylindrical shell 1000mm long, 200mm in external diameter, thickness of metal
10mm is filled with a fluid at atmospheric pressure. If an additional 25cm3 of the fluid is pumped
into the cylinder, find the pressure exerted by the fluid on the wall. Take E = 2 x 105N/mm2and
Poissons ratio = 0.3. Find also the hoop stress induced.
(OR)
15.b) A point in a strained material is subjected to stresses shown in figure-6. Using Mohrs
circle method, determine the normal and tangential stresses across the oblique plane. Check the
25 N/mm2

35 N/mm2

Oblique Plane
65 N/mm2

45

65 N/mm2

Fig.6

25 N/mm2

35 N/mm2