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CONTENTS:-

SR. NO.

DESCRIPTION

DESIGN DATA

CALCULATIONS FOR MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS

BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN

INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER

VERIFICATION OF UNSTIFFENED SHELL FOR EXTERNAL PRESSURE

DESIGN OF ROOF

CALCULATION OF ROOF STIFFENER

TANK STABILITY AGAINST UPLIFT DUE TO INTERNAL PRESSURE

STABILITY OF TANK AGAINST WIND LOADS


9.1

RESISTANCE TO SLIDING

10

SEISMIC CALCULATION

11

ANCHORAGE FOR UPLIFT LOAD CASES

12

ANCHOR CHAIR CALCULATION

13

WEIGHT SUMMARY

14

FOUNDATION LOADING DATA

15

EVALUATION OF EXTERNAL LOADS ON TANK SHELL OPENINGS


AS PER P.3 OF API 650, ADD. 4, 2005

16

VRV AND VENTING CALCULATIONS

(PENDING)

17

DESIGN OF LIFTING TRUNNION

(PENDING)

1)

DESIGN DATA

Design Code

API STANDARD 650


TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998
ADDENDUM 4, DECEMBER 2005
APPENDICES: J, M & S
"Process Equipment Design"

Flat Roof Design

By Lloyd E. Brownell & Edwin H. Young


Item No.

TK-66202

Description

EJECTORS HOT WALL

Material

:
Dc

Density of Contents
Specific Gravity of Contents

SA 240 TYPE 316


=

980

kg/m3

0.980

Material's Yield Strength @ Design Temperature

Fym

166.67

Design Temperature

TDSN

130

Operating Temperature

TOPR

80

Design Internal Pressure

Pi

ATM

kPa

High Liquid Level

Hl

1.600

(HLL)

Design Liquid Level

HL1

1.900

(As Per PIPVESTA002)

Allowable Design Stress @ Design Temperature

Sd

148.33

MPa

(Table S-2)

Allowable Hydrostatic Stress @ Ambient Temperature

St

186.00

MPa

(Table S-2)

Bottom

mm

Shell

mm

Roof

mm

Structure

mm
degree (Flat Roof)

MPa

(As Per Table S-5)

C
C
0

Corrosion Allowance

Slope of Tank Roof

Inside Diameter of Tank

Di

1.800

Outside Diameter of Tank

Do

1.812

Nominal Tank Diameter = Di + Bottom Shell Thickness

1.806

Height of Tank

1.900

Wc

0.348

kN

(Assumed)

W ra

10

kN

(Nozzles, Insulation, Railing/Platform)

(Assumed)

Wsa

14

kN

(Nozzles, Insulation, Ladder & Partition Plates)

155

kph

Modulus of Elasticity @ Design Temperature

Live Load on Roof

Lr

Weight of Top Curb Angle


Weight of Roof Attachments
Weight of Shell Attachments
Design Wind Velocity

2)

185000 MPa
1.20

kPa

(Table S-6)
(PIP VESTA002, 3.2.D)

CALCULATIONS FOR MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS

As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall
not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
Design Shell Thickness

td

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

tt

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)


(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm


tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm
G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored

0.980

D = Nominal Dia. of Tank


HL1 = Design Liquid Level

1.806

1.900

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

mm

148.33

MPa

St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition

186.00

MPa

E = Weld Joint Efficiency

0.85

(Table S-4)

Shell Course
W1

1.900 m

HL1

1.900 m

Design Shell Thickness

td

0.110 mm

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

tt

0.090 mm

Shell Thickness Provided

t1

6.00

mm

Total Shell Weight (Uncorroded)

5.08

kN

Total Shell Weight (including partition plates) (Corroded)

5.08

kN

Thk.

Cross-sectional Area of the Top Curb Angle

780

mm2

Weight of Top Curb Angle (Uncorroded)

0.35

kN

Weight of Top Curb Angle (Corroded)

0.35

kN

Width of course

(Including Curb Angle)

Design Height for Shell Course

az
Shell Course

Top Curb Angle

3)

Shell Width, m

1.90

Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)

6.00

Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)

6.00

Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)

5.08

Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)

5.08

(Formed Section)

65

65

BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN


As per API 650, Appendix S, Clause S.3.1
All bottom plates shall have minimum nominal thickness of 5 mm, exclusive of any corrosion allowance.
Required Bottom Plate Thickness
Used Bottom Plate Thickness

tb

tb

mm

tb used

6.00

mm

5+ CA mm

*Weight of Bottom Plate (Uncorroded)

137.82

kg

1.35

kN

*Weight of Bottom Plate (Corroded)

137.82

kg

1.35

kN

*Including 50mm Projection Outside of Bottom Shell Course


As per API 650, Appendix J, Clause J.3.2
All bottom plates shall have a minimum nominal thickness of 6 mm.
Required Bottom Plate Thickness
Used Bottom Plate Thickness

tb

mm

tb used

6.00

mm

Weight of Bottom Plate (Uncorroded)

137.82

kg

1.35

kN

Weight of Bottom Plate (Corroded)

137.82

kg

1.35

kN

4)

INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS


Maximum Unstiffened Height
As per API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.9.7
The maximum height of the unstiffened shell shall be calculated as follows:
H1 = 9.47 t (t /D)3/2 (190/V)2
As Ordered Thickness of Top Shell Course

6.00

Nominal Tank Diameter

1.806 m

Design Wind Speed

Maximum Height of the Unstiffened Shell

H1

517.01 m

0.9585

495.58 m

Modification Factor as per S.3.6.7

Modulus Of Elasticity at Design Temp.

155

mm
kph

Modulus Of Elasticity at 40 C
o

*Maximum Height of the Unstiffened Shell (Modified As Per S.3.6.7)

H1

Transformed Shell Height


As per API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.9.7.2
Transposed width of each shell course
W tr = W x (tuniform/tactual)5/2
W = Actual Width of Each Shell Course, mm
tuniform = As Ordered Thickness of top Shell Course, mm

6.00 mm

tactual = As Ordered Thickness of Shell Course for Which Transposed Width is Being Calculated (mm)
Shell Course
Thickness of Shell Course
W tr1 = W 1 x (ttop/t1)5/2

Transformed Height of Tank Shell

t1

6.00

W tr1

1900 mm

Htr

1900 mm

1.90

[As Htr < H1, Intermediate Wind Girders are not required]

5)

VERIFICATION OF UNSTIFFENED SHELL FOR EXTERNAL PRESSURE


Need not to be evaluated as the design external pressure is zero. As per Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1.i, design external
pressure shall not be less than 0.25 kPa. The tanks designed as per API 650 can sustain this minimum pressure.

mm

6)

DESIGN OF ROOF
Roof Plate Thickness Verification for Structurally Stiffened Flat Roof
Methodology:
Consider a strip of roof plate 1 in. wide located at the outer periphery of the
flat roof, and disregard the support offered by the shell. This strip is considered to be essentially
a straight, flat, continuous, uniformly loaded beam, the controlling bending moment is equal to
wl2 / 12 and occurs over the supporting stiffeners and wl 2 / 24 occurs at the midspan.
Mmax = -wl2 / 12 = -p(1)l2 / 12 = -pl2 / 12

Over supporting rafters

Mmax = -wl2 / 24 = -p(1)l2 / 24 = -pl2 / 24

At midspan

where l = length of beam (strip) between stiffeners, inches, p = unit load, psi.
Introducing the stress resulting from flexure,
f=M/z
For a rectangular beam,
z = bt2 / 6
where b = width of beam, inches, and, t = thickness of beam, inches.
a = Di

For this case, b = 1.0 in.

l=b

Hence, z = t / 6
2

f = pl2 / 2t2
l = t * SQRT ( ( 2 * f ) / p )
t = l / SQRT ( ( 2 * f ) / p )
Ref. "Process Equipment Design" By Lloyd E. Brownell & Edwin H. Young
Chapter 4, Section 4.3 (Roof Design)
Allowable Stresses for Roof Plate Material
Assumed Roof Plate Thickness

mm

0.2362 in.

Allowable Design Stress @ Design Temperature

148.33

MPa

21513 psi

Loadings & Critical Combinations


kPa

psi

lb/in.

Dead Load

DL

4.40

0.64

0.64

Live Load

Lr

1.20

0.17

0.17

External Pressure

Pe

0.00

0.00

0.00

Internal Pressure

Pi

0.00

0.00

0.00

Load Combination 1

p = DL + Lr + Pe

5.60

0.81

0.81

Load Combination 2

p = DL + Pi

4.40

0.64

0.64

MID

ENDS

UNIT

Length of beam (strip) between stiffeners

25.67

25.67

in.

Load Combination 1

0.812

0.812

lb/in.

Induced Bending Moment

22

45

lb-in.

Thickness of the beam (strip)

0.236

0.236

in.

Section Modulus

0.009

0.009

in.3

Allowable Bending Stresses

Fb

21513

21513

psi

Allowable Bending Moment

Mallow

200

200

lb-in.

Check Adequacy Against Load Combination 1 ( D L + Lr + Pe )

M < Mallow

[Satisfactory]

(Fb = Sd)

[ Table S - 5 ]

Check Adequacy Against Load Combination 2 ( D L + Pi )


MID

ENDS

Length of beam (strip) between stiffeners

25.67

25.67

in.

Load Combination 2

0.638

0.638

lb/in.

Induced Bending Moment

18

35

lb-in.

Thickness of the beam (strip)

0.236

0.236

in.

Section Modulus

0.009

0.009

in.3

Allowable Bending Stresses

Fb

21513

21513

psi

Allowable Bending Moment

Mallow

200

200

lb-in.

M < Mallow

UNIT

[Satisfactory]

Stresses in Roof Plate Segment Between the Stiffeners


Ref. Table 11.4, Formulas for Flat Plates With Straight Boundaries and Constant Thickness
Case no. 8. Rectangular plate, all edges fixed (Uniform loading over entire plate)
Smax = ( 2 q b2 ) / t2
a/b
1

1.2

1.4

(At center)
1.6

1.8

2.000

0.468

0.4872

0.4974

0.500

0.1386 0.1794 0.2094 0.2286 0.2406

0.2472

0.250

0.0138 0.0188 0.0226 0.0251 0.0267

0.0277

0.028

0.3078 0.3834 0.4356

1.800 m

a = Longer Dimension

0.652 m

b = Shorter Dimension

a/b
2

2.76

0.25

( See Table Above )

Check Plate Stresses Against Load Combination 1 ( D L + Lr + Pe )


(p = q = DL + Lr + Pe)

Total Design Load

5.60

kPa

In Shorter Direction

Smax =

17 MPa

<

148.33 MPa

[Satisfactory]

In Longer Direction

Smax =

126 MPa

<

148.33 MPa

[Satisfactory]

Check Adequacy Against Load Combination 2 ( D L + Pi )


(p = q = DL + Lr + Pe)

Total Design Load

4.40

kPa

In Shorter Direction

Smax =

13 MPa

<

148.33 MPa

[Satisfactory]

In Longer Direction

Smax =

99 MPa

<

148.33 MPa

[Satisfactory]

(Fb = Sd)

7)

CALCULATION FOR ROOF STIFFENER

Flange
55 mm

Breadth

6 mm

Thk.
Web

94 mm

Depth

6 mm

Thk.

Roof Plate
Reference for Centroid Calculation

Built up Tee Section

Table for Centroid Calculation


Plate

AY

564

47

26508

564

97.0

54708

1128

81216

Centroid

72 mm

Table for Moment of Inertia Calculation


b

Ic

mm

mm

mm

94

415292

55

990

Yc

A x Yc2

I = Ic + A x Yc2

mm

mm

mm4

564

25.00

352500

767792

330

25.00

206250

207240

A
4

mm

Moment of Inertia of Built Up Tee Section

975032 mm4

Section Modulus

Zprov'd

34823 mm3

Span of Stiffener

1.80 m

Self Weight of Stiffener

0.16 kN

Weight of Roof Plate Within Stiffined Section

0.55 kN

Weight of Roof Attachments

10.00 kN

Live Load on Roof

1.41 kN

6.73 kN/m

Mmax

2.7 kN-m

Zreq'd

Total Design Load Per Unit Length

(Approx.)
(Nozzles, Insulation, Railing/Platform)

Considering simply supported end conditions for the stiffener,

27270 mm3

[As Zreq'd < Zprov'd, The stiffener design is adequate]


8)

TANK STABILITY AGAINST UPLIFT DUE TO INTERNAL PRESSURE


Need not to be evaluated as the design internal pressure is zero in our case.

W x a2 / 8
Mmax / (0.6 x Fym)

9)

STABILITY OF TANK AGAINST WIND LOAD

(ASCE 7-05)

Wind velocity

155

kph

Roof Height Above Shell

HR

0.04

Shell Height

1.90

Height of Tank Including Roof Height

HT

1.94

Effective Wind Gust Factor

0.85

ASCE 7-05,6.5.8.1

Force Co- Efficient

Cf

0.80

By Interpolation (ASCE 7-05, Fig. 6-21)

Wind Directionally Factor

Kd

1.3

Velocity Pressure Exposure Co-Eff.

Kz

0.85

Topo Graphic Factor

Kzt

Importance Factor

1.15

Design Wind Pressure

qz

43

m/s

Considering 40 mm Thk. Insulation @ Roof

600-58H-0010
ASCE 7-05, Chapter 6, Table 6-3

600-58H-0010

0.613 x Kz x Kzt x Kd x V2 x I/1000


1.440 kN/m2

ASCE 7-2005, Chapter 6, Eq. 6-15, Clause 6.5.10

Effective Tank Diameter (De)

600-58H-0010

Insulation Thickness

40

(OD + 2 x insulation Thk.) x Kd

2.460

(OD + 2 x insulation Thk.) + 0.6

2.492

De

2.492

600-58H-0010

Effective Area Projected

Ae

4.83

m2

600-58H-0010

Design Wind Load

P1

Greater of

mm

Effective Projected Area (Ae = De x H)

qz x G x Cf x Ae
4.73

Unanchored tanks shall satisfy both of the following conditions:


Case 1:

0.6 Mw + MPi < MDL / 1.5

Case 2:

Mw + 0.4MPi < ( MDL + MF ) / 2


Mw

P1 x H / 2

MPi

Pi x A X D / 2

MDL

(Weight of shell + roof + bottom) x D / 2

Mw

MPi

0 kN-m

MDL

6.9 kN-m

MF

4.6 kN-m

3387

ft-lbs

For no fluid in the tank

Case 1:

<

[Satisfactory]

Case 2:

<

[Unsatisfactory]

[Anchorage against wind pressure is required]

kN

ASCE 7-05, Chapter 6, Eq. 6-28, Clause 6.5.15

9.1)

Resistance To Sliding:

API 650 3.11.4

The wind load pressure on projected area

0.86 kN/m2

18.0 psf

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

This pressure is for wind velocity of 120 mph (190 kph), for all other wind velocities the pressure shall be adjusted in proportion of ratio (V/190) 2

Tank OD

Do

Design Wind Velocity

155

0.666

Wind Pressure on vertical plane surfaces

0.86

kN/m2

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

Wind Pressure on vertical conical surfaces

1.44

kN/m

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

Projected area of roof

0.036 m2

Projected area of shell

4.73

Vf

Velocity Factor

Fwind

=
=

Ffriction

=
=

(V/190)2

1.812 m
kph

m2

Vf (Wind Pressure on Roof x Projected Area of Roof + Wind Pressure on Shell x Projected Area of Shell)
2.74 kN

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

Maximum of 40% of Weight of Tank


12.27 kN

[Anchorage against sliding is not required]

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.11.4)

10)

Stability Calculations Against Seismic Load (As per API 650 Addendum Four 2005 )
D

1.806

Nominal dia of Tank

1.900

Maximum design product level

D/H

0.95

H/D

1.05

Corroded thickness of bottom plate

Site Class
tb

6.00

mm

Corroded thickness of 1st shell course

ts

6.00

mm

Over turning ring wall moment


Mrw
For Site class 'E'

sqrt{[Ai(WiXi+WsXs+WrXr)]2 + [Ac(WcXc)]2}

As per API 650 E.6.1.5

2.5 x Q x Fa x So ( I / Rwi )

As per Equation E-4

As per API 650 E.4.9.1


Ai

Acceleration-based site coefficient

Fa

2.5

Scaling Factor

Q
Ss

0.1

S1

0.04

So

0.4 X Ss

0.04

From Table E-1


As per API 650 E.4.9.1

As per E.4.2.c

Rwi

From Table E-4

1.25

600-58H-0010

Ai

0.08

As per Equation E-4

As per Equation E-6, For seismic design categories E & F,


0.5S1(I/Rwi)
Ai

As per Equation E-6

0.006

Condition staisfied
Wi

Effective impulse weight of the liquid

Wi

(1-0.218D/H)Wp

Wp

Weight of content based on design specific gravity of the product

When D/H <1.33

Wi
When D/H < 1.33

As per Equation E-14

46.48

KN

46482

36.85

KN

36850

As per E-6.1.2.1
Xi

Height from the bottom of the shell to the center of action of the lateral Siesmic force
related to impulsive liquid force

Xi
Ws

(0.5-0.094D/H)H

0.78

=
=

Xs

=
=

Wr

=
=

Xr

=
=

As per Equation E-17


m

Total Weight of Shell and appurtenances (Uncorroded)


30

KN

Height from the bottom of the tank shell to center of gravity


1.28

Total Weight of fixed tank roof including framing (Uncorroded)


0.00

KN

Height from the top of the shell to the roof and roof appurtenances center of gravity
0.00

Tc

Natural peroid of the convective (sloshing ) mode of behaviour of the liquid, seconds

Tc

1.8 x Ks x sqrt (D)

Ks

Sloshing peroid cofficient

Ks

=
=

0.578
sqrt (tanh (3.68H/D))
0.58

As per Equation E-2a


As per Equation E-3

As per E 4.8.2

Therefore
Tc
TL
When TC < TL

1.40

As per E.4.8.2

As per E.4.9.1

As per E.4.9.1
2.5 x Q x Fa x So x (Ts /Tc) x (I/Rwc) Ai

Ac

As per Equation E-7

Ts
S1

(FvS1) / (FaSs)

0.04

Fv
Rwc

3.5

From Table E-2

From Table E-4

Ts

0.56

Ac

0.06

Where

Wc

Effective Convective (sloshing)portion of the liquid Weight

0.23 x (D/H) Tanh (3.67 H/D) x Wp

=
=
Xc

As per API 650 E-2

10.15

KN

10153

As per Equation E-15

Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the center of action of lateral siemic force related

[1-{Cosh((3.67 x H/D)-1)/((3.67 x H/D) Sinh((3.67 x H/D))}] x H

to convective liquid force


=

1.70

As per Equation E-18

Therefore Ring Wall Moment


Mrw
=

5.40

KN-m

5404

N-m

3985

ft-lbs

Resisting force to be adequate for tank stability J<1.54


Anchorage Ratio J

Mrw
D2(wt(1-0.4Av)+wa)

Where

0.14 x SDS

2.5 x Q x Fa x So

0.3

0.035

Av
SDS
Av
wa

As per API 650 E.6.2.1.1.1


As per API 650 E.6.1.3
From Equation E-4

99 x ta x (Fy x H x Ge)^0.5 1.28 x H x D x Ge

As per API 650 E.6.2.1.1

Where
Ge

ta

Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effects

G x (1-0.4 x Av)

0.97

As per API 650 E-2

Corroded thickness of the bott. plate under the shell extending at the distance L from the inside of the shell

ta

6.00

mm

wa

10391

N/m

wa

4.2

N/m

wa
wt

wrs

wt

4.2

0.004
KN/m
[(Ws/D)+wrs)]

N/m

As per API 650 E.6.2.1.1

Roof load acting on the tank shell (Uncorroded)

0.000

KN/m
N/m

5.37

KN/m

Therefore

5373

N/m

Anchorage Ratio J

0.312

<

1.54

Condition staisfied Tank is self anchored


As Anchors Are Being Provided, The Tank Will Be Considered As Mechanically Anchored

10.1)

Shell Compression In Mechanically Anchored Tanks

=
10.2)

As per API 650 E.6.2.2.2

1.26

Mpa

Allowable Longitudinal Membrane Compression Stress in Tank Shell


Calculating value of

As per API 650 E.6.2.2.3

G x H x D2
t2
=

0.17

When GHD2 / t2 is less than 44, then


Fc
=
{(83x ts)/(2.5 x D)} + 7.5 x sqrt(G x H)
Where
GXH
0.5 X Fty

1.862

83.335

Fc

121

Therefore,
Mpa

As c < Fc Condition staisfied

10.3)

Seismic Base Shear

(As Per E.6.1)

V
Vi

Total Design Base Shear (N)

Design Base Shear Due to Impulsive Component (N)

Vc

Design Base Shear Due to Convective Component (N)

Vi

Ai(Ws+Wr+Wf+Wi)

Vi

5260.44 N

Vc

AcW c

Vc

635.113 N

Sqrt(Vi2 + Vc2)

5298.65 N

5.29865 kN

<

0.5 x Fty

11)

ANCHORAGE FOR UPLIFT LOAD CASES, PER API 650 TABLE 3-21B
P
Pt

Test Pressure

ATM

kPa

0.00

in. of water

0.00

kPa

0.00

in. of water

Dead Load of Shell Minus Any CA and Any Dead Load Other Than Roof
W1

Weight of shell (Corroded)

5424.58 N
1219.5 lbs

Dead Load of Shell Minus Any CA and Any Dead Load Including Roof Plate
Acting on the Shell Minus Any CA
W2

Weight of shell (Corroded) + Weight of Roof (corroded)

6807.7 N

1530.43 lbs

Dead Load of the Shell Using As Built Thicknesses and Any Dead Load Other Than
Roof Plate Acting on the Shell Using As Built Thickness
W3

Weight of Shell

5424.6 N

1219.5 lbs

Yield stress for Anchor Bolts


Fy

th

D
MS

1.806 m

5.92 ft

5.404 kN-m

3985 ft-lbs

36000 psi
6 mm

SA 307 Gr. B
=

0.23622 in.
(From Seismic Calculation)

Table 3 - 21
NET UPLIFT FORMULA, U
(lbf)

UPLIFT LOAD CASES

*Fy For Anchor Bolts


(PSI)

Design Pressure

((P - 8th) x D2 x 4.08) - W1

-1490.05

15076

Test Pressure

((Pt - 8th) x D2 x 4.08) - W1

-1490.05

15076

Wind Load

(4 x Mw / D) - W2

756.36

15076

Seismic Load

(4x Ms/D) -W 2

1160.79

15076

Design Pressure +Seismic

((P-8th) x D x 4.08) + (4 x Ms/D)-W1

1201.17

15076

Design Pressure + Wind

((P-8th) x D x 4.08) + (4 x Mw/D)-W1

796.74

15076

UPLIFT LOAD CASES

tb = U / N

Ar = tb/Fall

lbs

in.2

mm2

Design Pressure

-373

-0.025

-15.94

Test Pressure

-373

-0.025

-15.94

Wind Load

189

0.013

8.09

Seismic Load

290

0.019

12.42

Design Pressure + Seismic

300

0.020

12.85

Design Pressure + Wind

199

0.013

8.52

U = Net Uplift Load


N = No. of Anchor Bolts
Ar = Required Bolt Area

As per API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.1.1.3


Design Tension Load Per Anchor

4MW/dN - W/N

Bolt Circle Diameter (BCD)

No. of Anchor Bolts


Weight of shell plus roof supported by the shell less 0.4 times the force due to internal pressure
Design Tension Load Per Anchor

N
W

=
=
=

Required Bolt Area


Provided Bolt Area

Consider M30 Bolt

2.000 m
4 Nos.
6 kN
200 lbs

Areq.

13 mm2

Aprov.

539 mm2

(Uncorroded Root Area)

443 mm2

(Corroded Root Area)

[Area of the anchor bolt provided is sufficient]


12)

ANCHOR CHAIR CALCULATIONS

P
e

As Per AISI E-l, Volume ll, Part Vll

Jmin

Top Plate Thickness

Top Plate Thickness Calculations:


C = [P(0.375g-0.22d)/Sf]0.5

Top Plate Thickness

Stress At Point

25

ksi

Distance From Outside of

0.98

in.

(AISI E-1)

Top Plate to Edge Of Hole


g

Distance between Gusset Plates

3.94

in.

Anchor Bolt Diameter (corroded)

1.06

in.

0.45

kips

Design Load or Max. Allowable


=

Anchor Bolt Load or 1.5 Times


Actual Bolt Load, whichever is
lesser

Top Plate Thickness Calculated

0.151 in.

3.8

mm

Used Top Plate Thickness

0.551 in.

14

mm

[Top Plate Thickness Is Adequate]

Anchor Chair Height Calculations:


Sind.

Reduction Factor

Top Plate Width

6.00

in.

Anchor Chair Height

6.00

in.

Nominal Shell Radius

35.55

in.

Shell Thickness

0.472

in.

Bottom Plate Thickness

0.236

in.

Anchor Bolt Eccentricity

3.74

in.

Sall.

Allowable Stress

21.51

ksi

0.9849

Sind.

0.409

(Pe/t2)[{1.32*Z/(1.43*a*h2/Rt)+(4ah2)0.333}+{0.031/(Rt)0.5}]

(including repad)

1/[{.177am(m/t)2/(Rt)0.5}+1]

ksi

[Anchor Chair Height Is Adequate]


Jmin

Gusset Plate Thickness Calculations:

0.04 ( h - C ) or 1/2"

Gusset Plate Thickness

Gusset Plate Thickness Provided

[Gusset Plate Thickness Is Adequate]

13)

WEIGHT SUMMARY
Empty

3282 kg

Weight of Working Fluid

3990 kg

Operating Weight

7272 kg

Weight of Test Fluid

4835 kg

Test Weight (Full of water)

8117

kg

(Considering HLL = 1600mm)

0.218 in.
14 mm

=
=

5.5 mm
0.551 in.

14)

FOUNDATION LOADING DATA

The self weight of roof and live load will be transferred to tank shell
Live load transferred to foundation
Live Load on roof

Lr

1.20

kN/m2

Area of Roof

Ar

2.60

m2

Total Live Load

WL = Lr x Ar

3.12

kN

Circumference of Tank

C=xD

5.69

Live Load transferred to Foundation

LL = WL / C

0.55

kN/m

Self Weight of Roof + Stiffeners

Wr

1.38

kN

Self Weight of Bottom Plate

Wb

1.35

kN

Self Weight of Shell

Ws

5.42

kN

Self Weight of shell Attachments

Wa

24.02

kN

Total Dead Load acting on shell

Wr + Ws + Wa

30.83

kN

Dead Load Transferred to Foundation

W d = DL

5.42

kN/m

Dead load transferred to foundation

Operating & Hydrostatic Test Loads


Wr + Ws + Wa + Wb = 32.18

kN

3282

kgs

Weight of Fluid in Tank at Operating Conditions

W f = 39.13

kN

3990

kgs

Weight of Water in Tank at Hydrotest Conditions

W w = 47.41

kN

4835

kgs

Uniform Load Operating Condition = (Self wt.+ Fluid)/Area

Wo = 28.02

kN/m2

Uniform Load Hydrotest Condition = (Self wt.+ Water)/Area

Wh = 31.07

kN/m2

Self Weight of Tank

Wind Load Transferred to Foundation


Base Shear due to wind load

Fw

4.73

kN

Reaction due to wind load

Rw

0.45

kN/m

Moment due to wind load

Mw

4.59

kN-m

Reaction due to seismic load

Rs

0.52

kN/m

Moment due to seismic load

Ms

5.40

kN-m

Base Shear due to seismic load

FS

5.30

kN

Seismic Load Transferred to Foundation

Summary of Foundation Loading Data


Dead load, shell, roof & ext. structure loads

DL =

Live load

LL =

0.55

kN/m

Uniform load, operating condition

Wo =

28.02

kN/m2

Uniform load, hydrotest load

W h=

31.07

kN/m2

Base shear due to seismic

FS=

5.30

kN

Reaction due to seismic load

Rs =

0.52

kN/m

Moment due to seismic load

Ms =

5.40

kN-m

Base shear due to wind

Fw =

4.73

kN

Reaction due to wind

Rw =

0.45

kN/m

Moment due to wind load

Mw=

4.59

kN-m

Note :

5.42

Consider 15-20% variation in weight while designing the foundation

kN/m

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED


THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH
CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 1
As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank
diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm.
The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
t

Design Shell Thickness

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)


(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm


tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm

6.5159
4.8451

G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored


D = Nominal Dia. of Tank
HL1 = Design Liquid Level

=
=

mm
mm

1
14.008

=
=

12
0

m
mm

=
St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition
=

145

MPa

195

E = Weld Joint Efficiency

0.85

MPa
Table S4

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

0.85

Design Shell Thickness

td

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

tt

=
=
=
=

The designed thickness of the course

Width of course

W1

(including curb angle)

HL1

Design Height for Shell Course

Shell Plates Weight Summary


Shell Course
Shell Width, m
Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)
Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)
Shell Internal Diameter
m
Shell External Diameter
m
Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di
Do
D

12

6.515851

mm

4.84512

mm

mm

1
2.00
8.00
8.00
2.75
2.75
14
14.016
14.008

CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 2


As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank
diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm.
The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
Design Shell Thickness

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

=
=

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)
4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)
(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm

5.3989

mm

tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm

4.0146

mm

G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored


D = Nominal Dia. of Tank
HL1 = Design Liquid Level

=
=

1
14

=
=

10
0

m
mm

=
St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition
=

145

MPa

195

E = Weld Joint Efficiency

0.85

MPa
Table S4

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

0.85
Width of course

W1

(including curb angle)

HL1

Design Height for Shell Course


Design Shell Thickness

td

Hydrostatic Test Thickness


c
Shell External Diameter

tt

=
=
=
=

10

5.398945

mm

4.0146

mm

m
m

The designed thickness of the course 1

Shell Plates Weight Summary


Shell Course
Shell Width, m
Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)
Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)
Shell Internal Diameter
m
Shell External Diameter
m
Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di
Do
D

6 mm

1
2.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
14.012
14.006

CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 3


As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank
diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm.
The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
Design Shell Thickness

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

=
=

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)
4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)
(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm

4.2858

mm

tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm

3.1868

mm

G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored


D = Nominal Dia. of Tank
HL1 = Design Liquid Level

=
=

1
14

8
0

m
mm

=
St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition
=

145

MPa

195

E = Weld Joint Efficiency

0.85

MPa
Table S4

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

=
=

0.85
Width of course

W1

(including curb angle)

HL1

Design Height for Shell Course


Design Shell Thickness

td

Hydrostatic Test Thickness


c
Shell External Diameter

tt

=
=
=
=

4.285761

mm

3.186848

mm

m
m

The designed thickness of the course 3

Shell Plates Weight Summary


Shell Course
Shell Width, m
Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)
Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)
Shell Internal Diameter
m
Shell External Diameter
m
Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di
Do
D

1
2.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
14.012
14.006

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED


THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH
CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 4
As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank
diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm.
The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
Design Shell Thickness

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

=
=

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)
4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)
(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm

2.6591

mm

tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm

2.3591

mm

G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored


D = Nominal Dia. of Tank
HL1 = Design Liquid Level

=
=

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

=
=

=
St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition
=
E = Weld Joint Efficiency

1
14

6
0

m
mm

173

MPa

195

MPa
Table S4

0.85

0.85
Width of course

W1

(including curb angle)

HL1

Design Height for Shell Course


Design Shell Thickness

td

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

tt

=
=
=
=

2.659096

mm

2.359095

mm

The designed thickness of the course

Shell Plates Weight Summary


Shell Course
Shell Width, m
Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)
Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)
Shell Internal Diameter
m
Shell External Diameter
m
Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di
Do
D

1
2.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
14.012
14.006

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED


THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH
CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 5
As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank
diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm.
The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
Design Shell Thickness

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

=
=

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)
4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)
(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm

1.7261

mm

tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm

1.5313

mm

G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored


D = Nominal Dia. of Tank
HL1 = Design Liquid Level

=
=

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

=
=

=
St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition
=
E = Weld Joint Efficiency

1
14

4
0

m
mm

173

MPa

195

MPa
Table S4

0.85

0.85
Width of course

W1

(including curb angle)

HL1

Design Height for Shell Course


Design Shell Thickness

td

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

tt

=
=
=
=

1.72608

mm

1.531342

mm

The designed thickness of the course

Shell Plates Weight Summary


Shell Course
Shell Width, m
Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)
Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)
Shell Internal Diameter
m
Shell External Diameter
m
Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di
Do
D

1
2.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
14.012
14.006

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED


THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH
CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 6
As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank
diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm.
The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed
by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2)
Design Shell Thickness

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

=
=

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA


(Sd) (E)
4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)
(St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm

0.7931

mm

tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm

0.7036

mm

G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored


D = Nominal Dia. of Tank
HL1 = Design Liquid Level

=
=

CA = Corrosion Allowance
Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition

=
=

=
St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition
=
E = Weld Joint Efficiency

1
14

2
0

m
mm

173

MPa

195

MPa
Table S4

0.85

0.85
Width of course

W1

(including curb angle)

HL1

Design Height for Shell Course


Design Shell Thickness

td

Hydrostatic Test Thickness

tt

=
=
=
=

0.793064

mm

0.70359

mm

The designed thickness of the course

Shell Plates Weight Summary


Shell Course
Shell Width, m
Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded)
Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded)
Shell Weight, kN (Corroded)
Shell Internal Diameter
m
Shell External Diameter
m
Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di
Do
D

1
2.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14
14.012
14.006

Table S4

BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN

ACCORDING TO THE API 650 CLAUSE 5.4.1 ALL BOTTOM PLATES SHALL HAVE NOMINAL
MINIMUM THICKNESS OF 6 MM (0.236 INCH) EXCLUSIVE OF ANY CORROSION ALLOWANCE
AND SHELL HAVE MINIMUM NOMIAL WIDTH OF 1800 MM.
TOP WIND GIRDER
ACCORDING TO API 650 CLAUSE 5.9.6.1 THE REQUIRED SECTION MODULUS OF
STIFFENING RING SHALL BE DETERMINED BY THE FOLLOWING EQUATION
Z=(D H2/17)* (V/190)
WHERE Z= REQUIRED MINIMUM SECTION MODULUS
D= NOMINAL TANK DIAMETER
=
14.008 METERS
H2 HIGHT OF THE TANK
=
12 METERS
V= DESIGN SPEED OF THE WIND (3-SEC GUST)
165 KM/HOUR
Z

104.4589

cm

cm

INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS


according to clause 5.9.7.1 of API 650, the maximum hight of the unstiffened shel shall be
calculated as follows:
as
H1 = 9.47 * t * ((t/D))^0.5 * (190/V)
WHERE
H1= VERTICAL DISTANCE IN M, BETWEEN THE INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER AND
TOP ANLE OF THE SHELL (meters)
H1
=
21.12045
m
t = AS ORDERED THICKNESS UNLESS OR OTHER WISE SPECIFIED OF THE
THINNEST SHELL COURSE(mm)
t
=
6
mm
D = NOMINAL SHELL DIAMETER (m)
=
14.008
m
V = DESIGN WIND SPEED (3- sec - gust)
=
165 km/hr
H1

21.12045 meters

TRANSFORMED SHELL
acoording to the clause no: 5.9.7.2 after calculating the maximum hight of the unstiffened shell
H1 is detrmined the hight of the transformed shell has to be determined accorging to the following
method:
(A)
with the following equation change the actual width with each of the shell course into transposed
width of eachshell course having the top shell thickness

Wtr = W((tuniform)/(t actual))^(5/2)


where
Wtr = transposed width of the the each shell course (mm)
=
mm
W = actual width of th shell course (mm)
=
mm
t uniform = as ordered thickness of the thinest shell course (mm)
=
mm
t actual = as ordered thickness of the shell course for which transposed width has to be calculated
=
mm

For course 1 having thickness 8 mm recommended


Wtr = W((tuniform)/(t actual))^(5/2)
Wtr
W
t uniform
t actual

=
=
=
=

974.2786
2000
6
8

mm
mm
mm
mm

all courses from 2 to 6 having thickness of 6 mm recommended


Wtr
W
t uniform
t actual

=
=
=
=

2000
2000
6
6

mm
mm
mm
mm

b. Add the transposed widths of the courses. The sum of the transposed widths of the courses
widths of the courses will give the hight of the transpormed shell
H transfmd =
10974.28
mm
10.97428 meters
as the transformed hight is smaller than the hight of the unstiffened shell there is no need to have
a stiffner ring or intermediate wind girder is not required

TANK CONICAL ROOF