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EM

Mandirilnvestment
Borneo

QualitySystemProcedure
577-03
QSPRevisionNo. :0
EffectiveDate: FebruaryL4,2OL4

Prepared by:

Riban

Date: tr'ebruary14,2O1.4

Reviewed by:

Hendra Wijaya

ll

6-F^N
Approved by:

Date: tr'ebruary 14, 2014

[/

Hendra
Date: February 14,2014

Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


INDEX
1.0

Scope

2.0

Personnel

3.0

Equipment

4.0

Detecting Media

5.0

Safety

6.0

Testing Procedures, General

7.0

Surface Preparation

8.0

Magnetisation

9.0

Application of Detecting Medium

10.0

Viewing and Interpretation

11.0

Marking and Recording

12.0

Acceptance Standards

13.0

Reporting

14.0

Demagnetisation

15.0

Cleaning

16.0

References

Appendix I

Test Techniques (typical)

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

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Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


1.0

Doc. Id No.
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SCOPE
This procedure provides guidance to PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment personnel using Magnetic Particle Examination
methods whenever compliance with API specification 6A, API specification 16A & API specification 6D.

2.0

PERSONNEL
Personnel performing magnetic particle testing shall be qualified and certified in accordance with PT. Borneo Mandiri
Investment, Operating Procedure BMI-WI-577-02 Written Practice for the Qualification and Certification of Personnel or
in accordance with the American Society for Non Destruction Testing document No. SNT-TC-1A.
Or equivalent level of certification obtained from an internationally recognized independent organization such as PCN
or CSWIP.

3.0

4.0

EQUIPMENT
3.1

Whether fixed or portable, the equipment must comply with the requirements of ASTM E-709, Clause 6.

3.2

ASME V Clause T-760 and E-70, clause 7 specifies the equipment and lighting, calibration and control tests,
which should be carried out.

DETECTING MEDIA
Magnetic Flaw Detection Inks and Powders shall comply with the requirements of and ASTM E-709 clause 8.0.
Magnetic Inks shall not be mixed unless they are of the same type and specification and supplied by the same
manufacturer. Magnetic Ink shall be discarded when it becomes discoloured or contaminated to an extent which will
adversely affect distribution, concentration or definition. Where magnetic inks are used the solid content shall be
between 1.2% and 2.4% by volume (colour contrast) or 0.1% and 0.4% by volume (Fluorescent).).

5.0

SAFETY
All Magnetic Particle Consumable shall be stored handled and distrosed of as per manufactures recommendations. The
particular hazards to be safe-guarded against are fire (e.g. due to overheating), electric shock and toxic materials
(evaporation of aerosol propellant, overheated lead contact pads giving off vapour, etc). These hazards may be
compounded by use within confined spaces. Care should be taken to ensure all materials are used in accordance with
the manufacturers instructions.

6.0

TESTING PROCEDURES : GENERAL


The tests will consist of the processes specified in the Test Techniques Sheet (Appendix I) and will include component
details, extent of examination coverage, surface preparation, magnetisation equipment, detection medium, viewing,
marking and recording of the indications, demagnetisation and cleaning, followed by report on Magnetic Particle
Examination Report Form (Typical).

7.0

SURFACE PREPARATION
7.1

All areas to be examined shall be properly prepared and cleaned and must be free of grease, loose rust, thick
or loose scale, spatter and paint except where permitted by Paragraph 8.2. below. The materials used for
cleaning purposes shall be compatible with the component material under test.

7.2

Painted parts may be subjected to Magnetic Particle Examination where the paint forms a thin, coherent
coating, tightly adhering to the surface and of a maximum thickness of 50 m. Where painted surfaces are to
be examined, the requirements of ASTM E-709 Clause 9 must be met.

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


8.0

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MAGNETISATION
8.1

Magnetisation may be induced by any one of the under mentioned techniques provided that the levels of
magnetism are greater than or equal to those specified in the appropriate paragraph for the method of
magnetisation being used. Two separate examinations are to be performed in each area of interest with the
lines of flux during the second examination to be applied approximately 90 to those of the first examination.
All examinations shall be carried out with sufficient overlap to ensure 100% coverage of the designated area.
Appendix 1, and will comply with the requirements of Article 7 Clause T-770 and ASTM E-709 Clauses 8 - 12
and as appropriate.
T-773
T-774
T-775.1
T-775.2
T-776

8.2

9.0

10.0

Prod Technique
Coil Technique
Contact Current Flow Technique
Central Conductor Technique
Magnetic Flow Technique (Yoke).

The adequacy and direction of the magnetic field shall be verified using a magnetic field indicator, with the
exception of the magnetic flow (yoke) technique whereby direction only may be verified. The adequacy of
magnetic flow equipment shall be verified using the lift test detailed in ASME V Article 7 T-762.

APPLICATION OF DETECTING MEDIUM


9.1

The detecting medium shall be applied during magnetisation and shall cease at least 5 seconds before
magnetisation is terminated, to allow indications to form.

9.2

Dry Powder, when used, must be applied in such a way as to ensure no disturbance of the indications. Dry
powder may be used on surface temperatures up to 600F.

9.3

Magnetic ink shall be allowed to flow on to the component with very little pressure, so that the particles will
adhere to a flaw indication without being washed off. After inking, the component shall be allowed to drain in
order to improve the contrast of flaw indications. Magnetic ink may be used on surface temperatures up to
135 F. Contrast aids may be used where considered necessary.

VIEWING AND INTERPRETATION


10.1

Each entire surface under examination shall be viewed before proceeding to the next stage in the testing
procedure and viewing shall be carried out after each excitation. Magnification of detail may be obtained by
the use of low-power magnifier. Care shall be taken to ensure that Magnetic indications are not disturbed
after magnetisation has stopped and before indications have been inspected and recorded.

10.2

When viewing using colour contrast inks or powders the area under examination shall be illuminated by
daylight or artificial light to a level of not less than 500 lux.
As a guide this would be achieved by using either an 80 watt fluorescent tube at a distance of approximately 1
metre or a 100 watt pearl lamp at a distance of about 0.2 metres.
Viewing shall be such that glare is avoided during inspection.

10.3

When using fluorescent inks or powders, the area under examination shall be darkened and the inspection of
the test surface shall be carried out under black light conditions. The minimum light level shall be 1000 micro
watt/cm2 at a minimum of 380mm from the examination surface and shall be checked at least once during a
work period.
Prior to viewing at least 5 minutes shall be allowed for the black light source to warm up and for the inspectors
eyes to become dark-adapted.

10.4

The precise dimensions of an indicated flaw cannot be accurately determined, deep cracks being likely to give
stronger indications than shallow cracks and all cracks having more sharply defined lines than other flaw
indications.

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


11.0

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MARKING AND RECORDING


11.1

Where necessary for repair procedures, the positions of flaws may be marked on the tested surface by a
method which will not adversely affect that surface.

11.2

Indications shall be recorded and reported (see paragraph 13 below) according to classification.
"Linear Indications" - indications in which the length is more than three times the width - where not able to be
further classified shall be treated as cracklike flaws;
"Rounded indications" - indications that are circular or elliptical with a length equal to or less than three times
the width.
"Inclusions" (Intermittent and aligned) - shall be treated as linear indications.
"Cracks and Cracklike Flaws" - position, size, orientation and type;
"Non-Relevant Indications" - due to spurious effects, eg magnetic writing, changes in section, manufacturing
marks, boundaries etc. Must be stringently tested prior to confirmation as Non Relevant. Wherever
practicable, these indications shall be dressed and retested for confirmation as Non-Relevant.

12.0

ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS
Acceptance/Rejection criteria will be as requested from the client based on the construction code and/or Client
Specification of the items being manufactured. ; May consist of:
- As per section 7.4.2.2.8 of API specification 6A for surface NDE ferromagnetic materials

- As per section 7.4.2.2.12 of API specification 6A for weld NDE - surface

- As per section 7.5.1.8.3.1 of API specification 16A for surfaces other than pressure contact (metal to metal) sealing
surfaces:

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure

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- As per section 7.5.1.8.3.2 of API specification 16A for pressure contact (metal to metal) sealing surfaces:

- As per section 7.5.1.12.2 of API specification 16A for weld NDE Surface (other than visual)

- As per para 6.3 & 6.4 of ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 1 Appendix 6,
A. Only indications which have any dimension greater than 1.5mm (1/16 in.) shall be considered relevant,
B. All surfaces to be examined shall be free of :
1) Relevant linear indications
2) Relevant rounded indications greater than 5.0 mm (3/16 in.)
3) Four or more relevant rounded indications in a line separated by 1.5mm (1/16 in.) or less, edge to edge
13.0

REPORTING
All test carried out in accordance with this procedure shall be the subject of a written report which will be made on the
appropriate form (typical).

14.0

DEMAGNETISATION
With some components, demagnetisation after test may be necessary but this will only be carried out where specifically
requested by the client and included in the contract. Pre-test and Post-test demagnetisation will be carried out to one of
the techniques detailed in Article 7 - Clause T-755 and ASTM E-709 Clause 18 and specified on the procedures
sheet(s).

15.0

CLEANING
On completion of Magnetic Particle Examination operations, unless otherwise agreed between the contracting parties,
all tested components will be cleaned to remove all traces of detecting media.

16.0

REFERENCES
This procedure is based upon the requirements of:
API specification 6A Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment
API specification 16A Specification for drill through
API specification 6D Specification for pipeline valves
ASME Section V, Article 7 - Magnetic Particle Examination
ASTM E-709 - Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Examination

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


APPENDIX I
Test Techniques (Typical)

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

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QSP-577-03
DATE
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Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


APPENDIX I
Test Techniques (CONTD)

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

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DATE
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Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


APPENDIX I
Test Techniques (CONTD)

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

Doc. Id No.
QSP-577-03
DATE
14-02-14

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Magnetic Particle Inspection Procedure


APPENDIX I
Test Techniques (CONTD)

PT. Borneo Mandiri Investment

Doc. Id No.
QSP-577-03
DATE
14-02-14

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