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Chapter 1 Introduction of Industry

1.1 Company Profile

Chapter 2 Problem Definition and Process Modification

2.1 Literature Survey

2.2 Problem Definition
2.3 Expected Outcome

Chapter 3 Problem Analysis

3.1 Block Diagram

3.2 Description of Block Diagram

Chapter 4 The Outline of Solution

4.1 List of Component & Software

4.2 Description of Component
4.3 Software Description

Chapter 5 The outline of work to be carried in next semester

5.1 The work to be carried in next semester

5.2 Application
5.3 Advantages
5.4 Limitation

Chapter 6 Appendices

6.1 References


The completion of any inter disciplinary project depend upon coordinate and
combined efforts of several resources of knowledge creativity, skill, energy and
time. The work being accomplished now, we feel our most sincere urge to recall
and acknowledge through these lines, trying our best to give full credit wherever it
With deep sense of gratitude we should like to render our sincerest and heart full
thank to our project guide Ms.Chaxu Patel for devoting his valuable time and
guiding us to accomplishoue task. He literally inundated us with study material and
was ever receptive to our quires and suggestion. We shall also like to thank our
H.O.D Mr.Nilesh Patel for allowing us to under fate this project.
Last, we are thankful to almighty without blessings of whom we would have not
been able to accomplish this project and make it a great success.

Group Member Name



Micro controller based tachometer design makes use of 8051 micro

controller for interfacing to various hardware peripherals. Technology today is
seeing its heights in all the areas, especially in the area of Embedded Systems. It is
true that every electronic gadget that is used in daily life right from a PC keyboard
to be frigerator is an Embedded System. This itself shows how vastly the
technology is expanding .The current design is an embedded application which is
used to calculate the speed of the motor without the need of tachometer. In this
application IR frequencies are used to calculate the speed of the motor.
Photoelectric tachometer measures the rpm of most shop-floor tools and many
household machines without any mechanical or electrical interface by making use
of 8051 microcontroller. Tachometer is nothing but a simple electronic digital
transducer. Normally, it is used for measuring the speed of a rotating shaft. The
number of revolutions per minute (rpm) is valuable information for understanding
any rotational system.


Company Profile


DETAILED DESCRIPTION:The tachometer cop rises AT89C2051 microcontroller. Just point the light
sensitive probe tipatop the spinning shaft toward the spinning blade, disk or Chuck and
read the RPM position it such that the intensity of light reflected from the object s surface
changes as it rotates. The controller circuit counts the increases in the of such light
reflections sensed By it and thereby evaluators the RPM. Which the is display on the 4 digit
7 segment display. In this application IR frequencies are used to calculate the speed of the
motor. Place the tx and rx in such a way that the IR transmitter continuously generates the
infrared rays and the receiver receives it. To the motor shaft arrange one circular
arrangement having a small hole and position it exactly at the middle of tx and rx
arrangement in such a way that when the shaft rotates, only at one point the ir rays falls on
the rx. Now make the motor to run at some speed. As usual the IR receiver receives the IR
signals from the transmitter when the motor was running for every one complete rotation.
The IR receiver(TSOP)sends these data to the micro controller, the controller compares the
data and calculates the speed of motor. Speed(in rpm) was displayed on the display

EXPEXTED OUTCUM:For measuring rotation of RPM of any revolving machine, this project can become
the best option as it is made up of micro controller with very high accuracy. It has a
accuracy of 5 RPM in a 6000 RPM count. Also measured RPM in AC &DC motor Speed(in
rpm) was displayed on the display unit(LCD). This method of calculating speed is very
inexpensive and cheap when compared to the tachometers available in the market.