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# 1.

Direct cost such as piping and instrumentation, and indirect cost for plant construction are not part
of the fixed capital investment
Select one:
a. True
b. False

## 2. The main purpose of process design is to;

Select one:
a. create new material wealth to satisfy human needs
b. produce raw materials for the plant
c. achieve separation of materials
d. search for alternative processes

3. In any design problem, the reason for an allowance for a design factor is:
Select one:
a. to make the design operate safely
b. to make the design perform at its optimum
c. to make the design meet design specification
d. none of the above

## 4. Which of the following is TRUE about Continuous processes?

Select one:
a. Continuous processes are used when small quantities of material are to be processed
b. Fouling is less severe with continuous processes than with batch processes.
c. Continuous processes are possible without quality instrumentation

d. The nonproductive period is greater for continuous processes than that of batch processes.

5. In any design problem, if Nv is the number of possible design variables and Nr is the number of
design relationships then if Nv-Nr=0, this implies that;
Select one:
a. There is no solution to the design problem
b. Optimization of the problem is feasible
c. Problem is not well formulated
d. The problem is not a true design problem

6. In any design problem, Fixed or Rigid constraints are those constraints the designer
Select one:
a. must live with outside his influence
b. the designer has control over
c. can manipulate in order to arrive at the best results
d. must negotiate with an external body such as EPA

7. If a property costs \$150,000 at the time of purchase and the yearly depreciation charge is
\$15,000, the book value at the end of the first year is
Select one:
a. \$165,000
b. \$27,000
c. \$135,000
d. \$75,000

8.
Book value is the same as Market value of a property
Select one:
a. True
b. False

## 9. All of the following are external constraints EXCEPT

Select one:
a. Major safety considerations
b. Process reactor conversions
c. Effluent specifications
d. Product specification

## 11. Fixed capital Investment is principally

Select one:
a. the amount of capital required to start the plant
b. capital needed to purchase and install the manufacturing plant facilities
c. the amount of money required to design the chemical process plant
d. the amount of money required to operate the plant

12. Depreciation is considered to be part of manufacturing cost in the same way as raw material
cost
Select one:
a. False
b. True

13. A small plant was set up to produce a specialty chemical. The product is to be sold for \$120/kg.
The total product cost consist of a fixed overhead of \$7,000 plus a production cost of \$50/kg of
product. How many kilograms must be produced to break-even.
Select one:
a. 200kg
b. 50kg
c. 150 kg
d. 100 kg

14. A project with an investment of \$91,000 gives an annual cash flow of \$34,000 and no
depreciation. What is the pay-back time of the investment in years?
Select one:
a. 2.7
b. 5
c. 10
d. 37.4

## 15. Which of the following describes degree of freedom in a process design?

Select one:
a. the difference between the number of variables involved in a design and the number of design
relationships
b. It is the sum of the number of design variables and the number of design relationships
c. it is the difference between the number of variables involved in a simultaneous equation and the
number of design equations.

d. the difference between the number of design variables and the number of simultaneous equations

## 16. Plant attainment is defined as the percentage of the available hours in a

Select one:
a. year that the plant is shutdown
b. week that the plant operates
c. day that the plant operates
d. year that the plant operates

17. What is the breakeven point ( units/year) for a process plant making 2000000 units per year of
products with direct production cost of \$1million per year? The selling price per unit of product is
\$1.2. Assume 100% capacity production and other fixed charges amounts to \$700,000.
Select one:
a. 1200000
b. 1000000
c. 100,000
d. 800,000

18. In equipment design, the length /diameter ratio of a vessel should lie in the range
Select one:
a. 1-6m
b. 2-5m
c. 1-4m

d. 2-7m

## 19. Which of the following statements describe the design activity?

Select one:
a. all of the above
b. the synthesis of ideas to achieve a desired goal
c. devising a new sales plan for a company
d. the intellectual activity that produces material goods

20. A continuous process is one that is designed to operate in the following manner.
Select one:
a. 24 hours a day, 5 days a week and throughout 365 days a year
b. 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and throughout 365 days a year
c. 20 hours a day, 5days a week and throughout 365 days a year
d. 20 hours a day, 7 days a week and throughout 365 days a year