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Platos political thought: the

beginning of a divisin
between theorein and praxis
in political endeavor.

Knowledge as virtue

different philosophical Streams

Idealism- Plato
Realism- Aristotle
Empirism- Hume, Locke
Rationalism- Kant

The world as A copy

Allegory of the cave


Make a drawing of the
described cave in Platos
text
What does the following
items symbolized:
The cave
The chains
The shadows
The men passing along
The sight capacity

The light
The outside world
The liberated prisoner
The sun

who is the liberated prisoner?

I think that he would rather suffer anything


than entertain these false notions and live in
this miserable manner.
What was the other prisoners reaction when he
returns to the cave?

the power of knowledge


Which is the conversin that Plato is telling about?
What should be the main virtue for Plato?
How is this related to the administration of the State?
Then, I said, the business of us who are the founders
of the State will be to compel the best minds to attain
that knowledge which we have already shown to be
the greatest of allthey must continue to ascend
until they arrive at the good; but when they have
ascended and seen enough we must not allow them
to do as they do now.

Personal happiness
You have again forgotten, my friend, I said, the
intention of the legislator, who did not aim at making
any one class in the State happy above the rest; the
happiness was to be in the whole State, and he held
the citizens together by persuasion and necessity,
making them benefactors of the State, and therefore
benefactors of one another; to this end he created
them, not to please themselves, but to be his
instruments in binding up the State.

A whole regime based on


knowledge

When you have acquired the habit, you will


see ten thousand times better than the
inhabitants of the den, and you will know
what the several images are, and what they
represent, because you have seen the beautiful
and just and good in their truth

Which is the ladder of knowledge

science
understanding
belief
perception

The main purpose of the state


Well, I said, and you would agree (would you not?) that what
has been said about the State and the government is not a mere
dream, and although difficult not impossible, but only possible
in the way which has been supposed; that is to say, when the
true philosopher kings are born in a State.
How will they proceed? They will begin by sending out into
the country all the inhabitants of the city who are more than
ten years old, and will take possession of their children, who
will be unaffected by the habits of their parents; these they will
train in their own habits and laws, I mean in the laws which
we have given them.

Totalitarism
A golden parent will sometimes have a silver
son, or a silver parent a golden son. And God
proclaims as a first principle to the rulers, and
above all else, that there is nothing which they
should so anxiously guard, or of which they
are to be such good guardians, as of the purity
of the race.

Chariots allegory
The importance of nous
immortality
self-movent and telos
For the body which is moved from without is
soulless; but that which is movedfrom within
has a soul, for such is the nature of the soul.

The humans

semantic network

Write in a piece of paper what would be the


steps a soul most seek to nourish from
knowledge, fall and go back.

Knowledge for the souls


The divine intelligence, being nurtured upon
mind and pure knowledge, and the
intelligence of every soul which is capable of
receiving the food proper to it, rejoices at
beholding reality, and once more gazing upon
truth, is replenished and made glad, until the
revolution of the worlds brings her round
again to the same place.

For a man must have intelligence of universals,


and be able to proceed from the many particulars
of sense to one conception of reason;this is the
recollection of those things which our soul once
saw while following Godwhen regardless of
that which we now call being she raised her head
up towards the true being

For a man must have intelligence of universals,


and be able to proceed from the many particulars
of sense to one conception of reason;this is the
recollection of those things which our soul once
saw while following Godwhen regardless of
that which we now call being she raised her head
up towards the true being

Repercusiones del Mito del auriga

Justice

Common properties
that the guardians were not to have houses or
lands or any other property; their pay was to
be their food, which they were to receive from
the other citizens, and they were to have no
private expenses; for we intended them to
preserve their true character of guardians.

Mariage
Had we not better appoint certain festivals at which we will bring
together the brides and bridegrooms, () num ber of weddings is a
matter which must be left to the discretion of the rulers, whose aim
will be to preserve the average of population? There are many other
things which they will have to consider, such as the effects of wars
and diseases and any similar agencies, in order as far as this is
possible to prevent the State from becoming either too large or too
small.
Certainly, he replied.
We shall have to invent some ingenious kind of lots which the less
worthy may draw on each occasion of our bringing them together,
and then they will accuse their own ill-luck and not the rulers.
To be sure, he said.
And I think that our braver and better youth, besides their other
honours and rewards, might have greater facilities of intercourse
with women given them; their bravery will be a reason, and such
fathers ought to have as many sons as possible.

Men and women


You agree then, I said, that men and women are to have a
common way of life such as we have describedcommon
education, common children; and they are to watch over
the citizens in common whether abiding in the city or
going out to war; they are to keep watch together, and to
hunt together like dogs; and always and in all things, as
far as they are able, women are to share with the men?
And in so doing they will do what is best, and will not
violate, but preserve the natural relation of the sexes.

Yes, I said, Glaucon, and of our governesses


too; for you must not suppose that what I have
been saying applies to men only and not to
women as far as their natures can go.

Fragmento de: Plato. The Republic. iBooks.

The power of love

Body, soul and reincarnation

The reason why the souls exhibit this exceeding eagerness


to behold the plain of truth is that pasturage is found
there, which is suited to the highest part of the soul; and
the wing on which the soul soars is nourished with this
Knowledge as remembrance
Anamnesis
Metempsychosis

Sight, beauty and knowledge

Gods and love


The followers of Zeus desire that their beloved should have
a soul like him; and therefore they seek out some one of a
philosophical and imperial nature, and when they have
found him and loved him, they do all they can to confirm
such a nature in him, and if they have no experience of such
a disposition hitherto, they learn of any one who can teach
them, and themselves follow in the same way. And they
have the less difficulty in finding the nature of their own
god in themselves, because they have been compelled to
gaze intensely on him; their recollection clings to him, and
they become possessed of him, and receive from him their
character and disposition, so far as man can participate in
God

Love as impulse
The symposium or dinner party
Phaedrus- love as virtue
Pausanias- different types of eros
Eryximachus- nature, medicine
Aristophanes- spheres
Socrates- Diotima

Love is the love of beauty

Wants and have not


Why is love between mortal and immortal?
Poros and Penia
inheritance

When a man loves the beautiful,


what does he desire?'

love of the everlasting possession of the good


Write the ascendant path of love

He who from these ascending under the


influence of true love, begins to perceive that
beauty, is not far from the end. And the true
order of going, or being led by another, to the
things of love, is to begin from the beauties of
earth and mount upwards for the sake of that
other beauty, using these as steps only, and
from one

He who from these ascending under the influence of


true love, begins to perceive that beauty, is not far
from the end. And the true order of going, or being led
by another, to the things of love, is to begin from the
beauties of earth and mount upwards for the sake of
that other beauty, using these as steps only, and from
one going on to two, and from two to all fair forms,
and from fair forms to fair practices, and from
fairpractices to fair notions, until from fair notions he
arrives at the notion of absolute beauty, and at last
knows what the essence of beauty is.

What can Plato say to us today?