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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST

1.

(a)

As technology continuous to advance, computers have become a part of everyday


life. Thus, many people believe people believe that computer literacy is vital to
success in todays world.
(i) Define IT.
[ 2 marks ]
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

(ii) State two (2) advantage of using mainframe computer


[ 2 marks ]
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

(b) Today, educators are turning to computers to assist with education.


(ii) Briefly explain one example application on Education field
[ 2 marks ]
_______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

2.

(a) A number is a mathematical object used to count, label, and measure.


(i) Define number system
[ 2 marks ]
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

(ii) Show the conversion number of decimal number 45780 to binary number
[ 3 marks ]

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST

(iii) Show the conversion of hexadecimal number FD3A to binary number


[ 4 marks ]

(iv) Show the conversion of binary number 10000111 to hexadecimal number .


[ 4 marks ]

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


3. a)

Computer System is a complete working computer that includes operating system,


software and hardware which are necessary to make the computer function.
(i) Illustrate the IPO Model
[ 3 marks ]

(ii) Convert the unit measurement given below.


[ 2 marks ]
(a) 1200 MB =
(b)
3 KB =

_______________ GB
_______________ bytes

(iii) How many bits would it take to represent the following phrase?
[ 1mark ]
I LOVE JOHORE
__________________________________________

b) Logic gates is an electronic circuit operates on one or more input signals to produce an
output signal.

(i) State the Boolean Expression of a circuit diagram above.


[ 3 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________
(ii) Draw the truth table to represent the logic gate diagram above.
[ 6 marks ]

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


4.

(a) System software is a program that could maintain the operation of the computer and its
devices.

(i) Based on the examples of software below, state the types of the system software for
them.
[ 2 marks ]
a) Embedded

=_________________________________________

b) File Compression Tools = _________________________________________

(ii) Provide user interface is on the function of OS. State two (2) types of user interface.
[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

b) Machine cycle is the operation performed by the CPU. Briefly explain two (2) last
operation consist in machine cycle.
[ 4 marks ]
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

c) Give two (2) example of pointing device other than mouse.


[ 2 mark ]
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
d) State the types of storage based on the explanation below.
[ 6 marks ]
Explanation
i. Storage devices that typically uses flash
memory to store data, instruction and
information
ii. Is a high capacity optical disc on which users
can read but not edit or erase
iii. Is the most common type of volatile memory
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Types of storage

2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


5.

(a) A computer network, or simply a network, is a collection of computers and other


hardware components interconnected by communication channels that allow sharing of
resources and information
(i) Define network topology?
[ 2 marks ]
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

(ii) The computer and device in this network share a single data path to transmit data,
information and instruction. What is the network topology described by this
statement ?
[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

(iii) Assume you have a small office with five computers and two printers. You want to
set up a local area network (LAN) using star network topology. Justify two (2)
reasons for your choice of the topology.
[ 4 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
(b) Networks may be classified according to a wide variety of characteristics, such as the
medium used to transport the data, communications protocol used, scale, topology, and
organizational scope.

i)

The most obvious difference between local area network (LAN), metropolitan area
network (MAN) and wide area network (WAN) is the area coverage. Explain that
statement
[ 2 marks ]
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________
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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST

6.

a) Internet has been the most useful technology of the modern times which helps us not
only in our daily lives, but also our personal and professional lives developments.

i)

Define internet
[ 2 marks ]

______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

(ii) Two type of internet connection are dial up connection and direct/broadband
connection. State two (2) differences between them
[4 marks]
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

(iii) Kind of connections that uses radio signals to provide high-speed Internet
connections to compatible devices. What is the Internet connection described by the
statement above ?
[ 2 marks ]
________________________________________________________________

(iv) Define IP address.


[2 marks ]
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

b) With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and
other multimedia, and navigate between them via hyperlinks.
i)

Define web browser.


[ 2 marks ]
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


ii) Give two (2) examples of web browser
[ 2 marks ]
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

iii) State two different type of navigation that user can use to surfing the web.
[ 2 marks ]
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

iv)

Suppose you are thinking to find information about nutrition tips and you want to
survey some choices. Which searching tool is better; subject directory or search
engine? Justify your choice of answer.
[ 3 marks ]
__________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

7.

(a) Email has become one of the driving forces behind connecting businesses to the Internet.

(i)

What is email ?
[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

(ii) What are the benefits of email.


[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


(iii) There are several types of web sites that are commonly used. Explain type of website
below:
[ 4 marks ]
TypeofWebsite

Explanation

Blog

Wiki

(iv) During typing message on electronic communication, you are not allowed to use all
capitals letter. Why?.
[ 1 marks ]
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
(v) Before posting to a discussion group, you should find the Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQ) document, read the FAQ, and read some of the existing posts to get
an idea of the tone and character of the group. Why you should do this?
[ 2 marks ]

8.

(a) Intellectual Property (IP) is refers to unique and original works such as ideas, inventions,
art, writing, processes, company and product names, and logos. Explain one importance of
Intellectual Property
[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
(b) Windows 7 licenses is one of example of Copyright. Describe the term of Copyright.
[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


(c) Every unprotected computer is susceptible to the computer security risk ; a computer virus,
worm, Trojan horse and spyware. Explain two type of computer security risk mentioned
above.
[ 2 marks ]
____________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
(d) How information theft can happen?
[ 2 marks ]
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(e) State two (2) process involved in cryptography.
[ 2 marks ]
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


SKEMA JAWAPAN
No
1ai
1aii
1bi

Answer Scheme
The use of computer hardware and software to store, retrieve and
manipulate information

Marks

i. Lots of processes, memory and channel


ii Enormous troughput
iii. Super Reliable
Distance learning delivery of education at one location while the
learning takes place at other location / the instructor and student in
physically separate locations but can communicate via video
conferencing, emails and bulletin board

J1
Choose any two

J2

J2
Choose any one

Self access learning Learning process using CD, DVD or via


internet
2ai
2aii

A set of numerals for representative numbers


1011001011010100

2aiii

1111110100111010

2aiv

87

J2
Final answer J1
Correct workflow J2
Final answer J1
Correct workflow
J3
Final answer J1
Correct workflow
J3

3ai)
Input

Process

Storage

a) ii
a) iii
b) i

a) 1.17 GB
b) 3072 bytes

13 characters * 8 bits = 104 bits


((A.B)+C)=Y
A.B
( A . B ) +C
( ( A . B )+. C ) = Y

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Output
Input & Output J1
Process J1
Storage J1

J1
J1
J1

J1
J1
J1

2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


b) ii
A
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

4. (a) i
(a) ii
(b)

(c)

(d)

5ai
5aii
5aiii

5bi
6ai

B
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1

C
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

A+B
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1

(A+B) . C
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1

Y
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0

a) Operating System
b) Utility Software

Command line
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Execute
ALU perform the actual operations

Store
the result are stored in memory

Trackball
Touch pad
Pointing stick
Pen input

*one column = J1

J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J2
J1
J2
Choose
any
correct answer

J2

a) SSD
b) CD ROM
c) RAM
Refer to layout of the computers and devices in a communication
network
Bus network topology
If one device fails, only that device is affected
Devices can be added to or removed from network with little
or no disruption
Easy to troubleshoot and isolate program
because Lan can cover limited geographical area, man cover
metropolitan area and wan cover large geographical area
A network of computer networks which operates world-wide using
a common set of communication protocol

J2
J2
J2
J2
J2
J2
Choose Any two

J2
J2

6aii
DialUpconnection
Pc or device must dialup and
connect to a service providers
computer via telephone line
before being connected to the
internet
Slowerspeedtechnology

6aiii
6aiv
6bi

DirectConnection
An always on type internet
connection in which th PC or
other device is continually
connectedtotheinternet

J1

Highspeedtechnology

Wi-Fi
J2
Number that uniquely identify each computer or device connected J2
to the internet
Application software that allow user to access webpage
J2

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST


6bii

Mozilla Firefox
Internet Explorer
Google Chrome
Safari
Opera

J1
Choose any two

6biii

Hypermedia
Hyperteks
Subject Directory
Because : Subject directory allow the user to find information that
categorized by subject. So its help we to make a decision to choice
which information are suitable to us.
Short for electronic mail is the transmission of messages and files
via a computer

J1

6biv

7ai
7aii

Reduce cost - economical transfer of messages anywhere in the


world, it is can reduce telephone bill./

J1
J2

J2
J2

Save time - Messages can be sent at any time across the world as
easily as across the office, to a group of people or a single recipient,
without the sender leaving their desk. /
Anywhere and anytime - The recipient can collect their mail when
they want, from wherever they are. Mobile users can collect their
mail whilst out visiting customers, or at other locations./
Directly get message - The person you are sending the message to
gets it directly, without passing through any third party./
Environmentally friendly- Unless requested, email messages
require no paper or resources other than storage space on a
computer disk drive. /
Any acceptable answer
7aiii

Blog : An informal website consisting posts or articles that can edit


only by the owner.

J2

Wiki : collaborative web site that allows user to create, add to,
modify or delete the web site content via their web browser
7aiv

Its not an acceptable behavior because its like you shouting to


others

J1

7av

To understand current issue or topic of discussion /


To avoid ask same question /
To cooperate with web organizer /
Any acceptable answer

J2
Choose any 1

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2014~Pra PSPM Kolej Matrikulasi Johor PST

8a

8b

8c

To protect any original work that created by individual


J2
person/company for example image, drawing, lyrics, publishing
Choose any 1
and so on
Preserve the features and processes that make things work. This lets
inventors profit from their inventions
J2
Legal term describing right given to creators for their literary and
artistic work.
Virus - is a potentially damaging computer program that affects, or
infects, a computer negatively by altering the way the computer
works without the users knowledge or permission.

J1
Choose any two

Worm - is a program that copies itself repeatedly, using up


resources and possibly shutting down the computer or network.
Trojan horse - is a program that hides within or looks like a
legitimate program.

8d
8e

Rootkit is a program that hides in a computer and allows someone


from a remote location to take full control of the computer
Occurs when someone steals personal or confidential information.
J2
Encryption
Decryption

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J1