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PT6A SERIES ENGINE TESTING

PREPARED BY : JOKO ISMIYANTO

PT. NUSANTARA TURBIN & PROPULSI


2013

PT6A SERIES ENGINE TESTING


TABLE OF CONTENT

1. ENGINE TEST FLOW CHART

. 3

2. TEST REQUIREMENT AND PROCEDURE MATRIX

.. 5

3. LIST OF PT6A PARAMETER AND SYMBOL

.. 6

4. TEST PROCEDURE SEQUENCE

.. 7

5. ENGINE TEST OPERATING CONDITION LIMIT

.. 9

6. ENGINE MOTORING, STARTING AND SHUT DOWN

.. 10

7. RUN IN PROCEDURE

.. 12

8. ACCESSORIES GEARBOX (AGB) VIBRATION SURVEY

.. 13

9. REDUCTION GEARBOX (RGB) VIBRATION CHECK

.. 15

10. ACCELERATION AND BODIE CHECK

.. 16

11. TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION

.. 21

12. ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)

.. 26

13. CONTROL SETTING : MAXIMUM NG ADJUSTMENT

.. 56

14. CONTROL SETTING : MINIMUM FUEL FLOW CHECK

.. 60

15. POST TEST RUN CHECK

.. 64

16. UNUSUAL OIL CONDITION

.. 66

PT6A series engine testing


ENGINE TEST PROCESS FLOW CHART
START
INSPEKSI VISUAL DAN
CEK KELENGKAPAN
DOKUMEN

QI TC17-002

ENGINE &
DOKUMEN
KOMPLIT

TIDAK

KONTAK
PPC

YA
PREPARASI ENGINE &
FASILITAS

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

CHECK ENGINE & FASILITAS TEST :


CEK KEWAJARAN NILAI ZERO
READING PARAMETER
CEK SISTEM PROTEKSI
CEK FUNGSI KONTROL DYNO

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

FASILITAS
TEST
NORMAL

TIDAK

KONTAK
FUNGSI
ETS

YA
TEST ENGINE

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

EVALUASI
HASIL TEST

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

PT6A series engine testing


ENGINE TEST PROCESS FLOW CHART

A
BELLMOUTH & EXHAUST
CHECK

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

DE-PREPARASI ENGINE

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

LENGKAPI DOKUMEN
TEST

QI TC17-002 dan
OVERHAUL MANUAL

KONTAK PPC

FINISH

PT6A series engine testing


TEST REQUIREMENT & PROCEDURE MATRIX
PARAGRA
F NO.
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
10A
10D
10E
10G
10H
10I
10J
11A

PROCEDURE

GAS
POWER
ENGINE GENERATO SECTIO
R
N
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

General
Consumable material
Special tools
Fixtures, equipment and supplier tools
Engine test equipment
Symbols
Preparation for test
Engine motoring, starting & shut down
LIMITS
Preliminary check
AGB vibration survey
Acceleration and Bodie check
TT5 trim determination
Acceptance check / performance check
Acceptance Value
Control setting : Minimum Governor check
Control setting : Propeller Governor maximum
11B speed
X
X
Control setting : Underspeed fuel governing
11C check
X
X
11D Control setting : Maximum NG adjustment
X
X
11E Control setting : Minimum Fuel Flow Check
X
X
12
Post test run check
X
X
13
Unusual oil condition
X
14
Preservation
X
X
15
Removal of test equipment
X
X
X
18
Final check
X
X
X
19
Power section run in
X
Note : The vibration survey requirement applies only to engine being tested following
overhaul or repair requiring balancing of the compressor rotor assembly

PT6A series engine testing


LIST OF PT6A PARAMETER AND SYMBOL
During static condition / engine not running / zero reading ,
the normal reading for parameters are listed below:
SYMBOLS

PARAMETER NAME

COMPUTER

OHM

DYNOSP
WFPPH
NGPER

Wf

NG
NFPER
NF
TT11
TT12
TT13
TT14
TT1A
TT5
TT71
TT72
TT73
TT74
TT75
TT76
TT77
TT78
TT7A
TFUEL
TOILIN
TOILSC
PBARO
PS1
PS3
PGEAR
MOP
POILSC
TORQ2
TORQ2S
DELP
VBGEA
TORQ1
THETA
THETAR
DELTA

Ng
Nf

Tt1
Tt5

Tt7
Tf

Pam
Psn
Ps3
Prgb

Pam
P

TH
RTH
DEL

Dyno speed
Fuel flow
Gas generator speed in percent
Gas generator speed in radian per minute
Power turbine speed in percent
Power turbine speed in radian per minute
Engine inlet temperature no 1
Engine inlet temperature no 2
Engine inlet temperature no 3
Engine inlet temperature no 4
Engine inlet temperature average
Interturbine temperature
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 1
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 2
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 3
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 4
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 5
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 6
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 7
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature no. 8
Engine exhaust nozzle temperature average
Fuel temperature
Oil temperature
Scavenge Oil temperature
Ambient Barometric Pressure
Test cell static pressure
Compressure discharge static pressure
Reduction Gearbox Static Pressure
Main Oil Pressure
Scavenge Oil pressure
Engine Torquemeter Pressure
Engine Torquemeter Static Pressure
Delta TORQ2 - TORQ2S
Gearbox vibration
Dyno torque
THETA
THETA (AKAR THETA)
DELTA (PBARO (inHg)/29.921)

NORMAL VALUE @ ZERO


READING
VALUE
UNIT
0
0
0

rpm
pph
%

0
0
0
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
70 - 87
13.3 - 13.5

rpm
%
rpm
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
deg f
psia

same with pbaro


0
0
0
0
0
0
TORQ2 - TORQ2S
0
0
0.92 - 1.053
1.01 - 1.03
0.905 - 0.918

psia
psig
psig
psig
psig
psig
psig
psig
G's
ft lbs

PT6A series engine testing


IF ASSUMED THAT ENGINE TREATED AS OVERHAUL AND COMPRESSOR ROTOR HAVE
BEEN BALANCING, THEN TEST PROCEDURE SEQUENCE IS:

START
ENGINE MOTORING,
STARTING & SHUTDOWN

RUN-IN PROCEDURE

1.
2.
3.

PRELIMINARY CHECK :
OBTAIN NF/RTH = 33000 RPM
PERFORM 2 FEATHERING OPERATION
OIL PRESSURE CHECK

AGB VIBRATION SURVEY

RGB VIBRATION CHECK

ACCELERATION & BODIE


CHECK

TT5 TRIM
DETERMINATION

A
7

PT6A series engine testing


IF ASSUMED THAT ENGINE TREATED AS OVERHAUL AND COMPRESSOR ROTOR HAVE
BEEN BALANCING, THEN TEST PROCEDURE SEQUENCE IS:

A
ACCEPTANCE CHECK /
PERFORMANCE

MINIMUM GOVERNOR
CHECK

PROPELLER GOVERNOR
MAXIMUM SPEED

UNDERSPEED FUEL
GOVERNING CHECK

MAXIMUM NG
ADJUSTMENT

MINIMUM FUEL FLOW


CHECK

POST TEST RUN CHECK

PRESERVATION

FINISH
8

PT6A series engine testing


ENGINE TEST OPERATING CONDITION LIMIT
LIMIT
PT6A-21
PT6A-27/28 PT6A-25
38,100
38,100
38,100
Steady State
(101.7%)
(101.7%)
(101.7%)
NG (rpm)
38,500
38,500
38,500
Acceleration
(102.75%)
(102.75%) (102.75%)
34,200
34,200
34,200
Steady State
(103.6%)
(102.9%)
(103.6%)
NF (rpm)
36,300
36300
36,300
Acceleration*
(110%)
(109.2%)
(110%)
Start
1350
1440
1350
TT5 (deg F) Steady State (trimmed)
1283
1380
1283
Steady State (untrimmed)
1325
1400
1325
Steady State
92
125
94
delP (inHg)
Acceleration*
94
127
94
NOTE : Rundown time on the compressor from ground-idle must not be < 20 seconds
*2 second time limit
PARAMETE
R

MAXIMUM OPERATING
CONDITION

SUPPLEMENTARY LIMITATION
PARAMETER
Fuel pressure @ engine inlet all time including transient
Oil temperature for all running except transient
Scavenge oil b ack pressure @ engine outlet
Maximum permitted difference between individual inlet temp.
indication
Maximum permitted difference between average Tt7 thermocouple
reading between each exhaust nozzle assembly
Maximum permitted difference between thermocouple within a
given nozzle
Maximum operating vibration limit
Maximum acceptance vibration limit

LIMIT
5 - 20 psig
140 - 160 deg F
20 - 50 psig
8:F
60:F
100:F
100 G's
70 G's

PT6A series engine testing


ENGINE MOTORING, STARTING & SHUT DOWN
WET MOTORING RUN
IF FIRE CONDITIONS OCCURS WITHIN ENGINE DURING
MOTORING RUN , IMMEDIATELY CLOSE FUEL SHUTOFF VALVE
AND CONTINUE MOTORING ENGINE

ALLOW SUFFICIENT STARTER COOLING PERIOD BETWEEN


MOTORING CYCLES AND ENGINE START; REFER TO STARTER
MANUFACTURERS LIMITS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.

DRY MOTORING RUN


This procedure is used to remove internally trapped fuel and fuel vapor, or if
there is evidence of fire within the engine. Air passing through the engine
serves to purge fuel/fuel vapor from the combustion section, power turbine and
exhaust system.

ENGINE STARTING
ALLOW SUFFICIENT STARTER COOLING PERIOD BETWEEN
MOTORING CYCLES AND ENGINE START; REFER TO STARTER
MANUFACTURERS LIMITS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.
THE ENGINE MUST START AND REACH IDLE WITHIN 35 SECONDS OF INITIATION OF THE START.
THE FIRST START OF THE DAY CAN SOMETIMES TAKE LONGER; THEREFORE, THE START TIME
MUST BE CORRECTED TO COMPENSATE FOR LONG TIME TO LIGHT. FOR TTL GREATER THAN 3
SECONDS: TTI MODIFIED = TTI RECORDED - (TTL 3 SECONDS). IF THIS REQUIREMENT IS NOT
ACHIEVED, check the FCU pneumatic system for leaks. If no leaks are found, replace the
FCU.

IF Tt5 OBSERVED EXCEEDS 1440F OR CONTINUOUS FLAME ISSUES


FROM EXHAUST, SHUT OFF START CONTROL LEVER IMMEDIATELY.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RELIGHT ON RUNDOWN; WAIT UNTIL THE
ENGINE COMES TO REST, THEN IMPLEMENT A DRY MOTORING CYCLE
TO COOL THE ENGINE

10

PT6A series engine testing


ENGINE MOTORING, STARTING & SHUT DOWN
SHUT DOWN

IF A FIRE OCCURS IN THE ENGINE AFTER SHUTDOWN, DO A DRY


MOTORING RUN IMMEDIATELY

For normal shut down, allow engine to run at ground idle for at least
one minute to stabilize at minimum running temperatures.

11

PT6A series engine testing


RUN-IN PROCEDURE
NOTE : This procedure is to be done after scheduled or unscheduled
overhaul/repair has been completed.
1)

Do a wet motoring run followed with a dry motoring run.

2)

Start the engine and run at ground-idle 19750 500 rpm Ng


(propeller testing) or rotate dynamometer controller to obtain 5000
rpm Nf or maximum available (dynamometer testing) for 5 minutes.

3)

Record Ng, Nf, Tt1, Tt5, del P, oil pressures and oil temperatures.

12

PT6A series engine testing


AGB VIBRATION SURVEY
NOTE: 1. The vibration survey requirement applies only to engines being tested
following overhaul or repair requiring balancing of the compressor rotor
assembly.
NOTE: 2. Do the vibration survey using the following procedures and the ACES
Operators Manual. Personnel must be familiar with the Analyzer prior to
performing these operations.
CAUTION: DO NOT EXCEED ENGINE OPERATING LIMITS. ENGINE
OPERATING LIMITS SUPERSEDE ANY INSTRUCTION IN ACES
ANALYZER PROCEDURE.

ACCELERATION SURVEY
1)

Select Acceleration Survey from the menu on the analyzer.

2)

Set power control lever to GROUND-IDLE.

3)

Set propeller control lever to 33000 rpm Nf.

4)

Ng Sweep:
a)

Press Enter on the analyzer to start recording.

b)

Accelerate slowly at a rate of 5000 rpm/min from GROUND-IDLE


to max available Ng without exceeding any operating limits.
Reduce to GROUND-IDLE.

c)

Press Enter on the analyzer to stop recording.

13

PT6A series engine testing


AGB VIBRATION SURVEY
SHUTDOWN SURVEY
1)

Select shutdown Survey from the menu on the analyzer.

2)

Press Enter on the ACES Analyzer to start recording. Shut down


engine from idle.

3)

End vibration survey after engine reaches 0 rpm and a sync error
appears on the ACES Analyzer; then press Enter on the ACES
Analyzer to stop recording.

1ENg VIBRATION ACCEPTANCE LIMIT


a.

From the plots produced above, ensure that 1ENg vibration level
does not exceed the following limits:
GROUND-IDLE to max Ng ; 0.5 cm/sec
Shutdown from GROUND-IDLE to 5000 rpm Ng; 0.5 cm/sec

14

PT6A series engine testing


RGB VIBRATION CHECK
NG SWEEP
1)

Set Nf to 33000 +100/-0 rpm.

2)

Carry out a slow acceleration (4,000 rpm/min.) from ground idle to


maximum attainable Ng, do not exceed any operating limit.

3)

Carry out a slow deceleration (4,000 rpm/min.) from maximum


attainable Ng to ground idle.

4)

Record Ng, Nf, torque and vibrations at the highest vibration peak
from steps (2) and (3).

NF SWEEP
1)

Set Nf to 33000 +100/-0 rpm.

2)

Increase power to a torque of 80 3 in. Hg

3)

Carry out a slow deceleration (4,000 rpm/min.) from 33000 +100/-0


rpm to 24,500 rpm. Engine torque must be kept at 80 3 in. Hg
during deceleration.

4)

Carry out a slow acceleration (4,000 rpm/min.) from 24,500 rpm to


33000 +100/-0 rpm. Engine torque must be kept at 80 3 in. Hg
during acceleration.

5)

Record Ng, Nf, torque and vibrations at the highest vibration peak
from steps(3) and (4).
15

PT6A series engine testing


ACCELERATION & BODIE CHECK
ACCELERATION CHECK
1)

If engine response is sluggish, or acceleration rate is too slow, check


P3 and fuel system pneumatic control tubes and connectors for
leakage or obstruction, before any fuel control adjustments are
made

2)

Position power control lever maximum stop on console to limit


torque to 86.3 in.Hg.(PT6A-21 engines) or 108.6 in.Hg. (PT6A-27/-28
engines) or maximum obtainable without exceeding engine
operating limits. Lock stop on console.

3)

Rotate dynamometer controller to give 32000 rpm Nf (97% for


PT6A-25, 96% for PT6A-27/28).

4)

Record Ng, Nf, Tt1 and P.

5)

Decrease power control lever to flight-idle 23600 100 rpm Ng.

6)

Slam accelerate from flight-idle to T.O. timed to 97.5% of take-off


Ng. Slam decelerate to ground-idle (19750 500).

NOTE: The time taken to move power control lever in checks (5) through
(6) must not exceed 1.0 second, engine should respond smoothly during
acceleration and deceleration.

16

PT6A series engine testing


ACCELERATION & BODIE CHECK
NOTE: The time taken to move power control lever in checks (5) through
(6) must not exceed 1.0 second, engine should respond smoothly during
acceleration and deceleration.

7)

Acceleration time must fall within range specified

CAUTION: MAXIMUM ADJUSTMENT ON FCU ACCELERATION DOME TO


MEET ACCELERATION TIME IS THREE CLICKS CLOCKWISE OR
COUNTERCLOCKWISE.

8)

If necessary, adjust engine acceleration by rotating FCU acceleration


dome one detent at a time, using minimum number to obtain
satisfactory acceleration. Rotate dome clockwise to decrease (faster
acceleration) and counterclockwise to increase (slower acceleration)
acceleration time.

17

PT6A series engine testing


ACCELERATION & BODIE CHECK

9)

For example, the inlet screen temp. (TT1) during the day is 80: F,
then the acceleration time limits are :
low limit = 2.42 + 0.35 = 2.77 seconds
hi limit = 3.44 + 0.35 = 3.79 seconds

18

PT6A series engine testing


ACCELERATION & BODIE CHECK
BODIE CHECK
1)

Rotate FCU acceleration dome three detents clockwise to increase


fuel flow.

2)

Run engine for not less than one minute at maximum stop without
exceeding operation limit (Ref. step (2) preceding) to achieve
stabilization.

3)

Slam decelerate to 32000 Ng (85%), then without dwelling at lower


speed, slam accelerate to maximum stop. Repeat to 26000 Ng
(70%); again slam to maximum stop. Reduce Ng to GI.

4)

If engine is stall and surge free on completion of bodie checks, reset


acceleration dome to original position (three detents
counterclockwise).

5)

If engine stall or surge is experienced during checks, rotate


acceleration dome one detent counterclockwise and repeat bodie
check.

6)

If surge is still evident, check compressor bleed valve operation..

7)

If bleed valve is functioning correctly, the dome may be reset a


further twodetents, a bodie check being implemented after each
detent adjustment..

19

PT6A series engine testing


ACCELERATION & BODIE CHECK
BODIE CHECK continued
8)

When surge is eliminated, reset dome three detents counter


clockwise from surge-free setting.

9)

After satisfactory completion of bodie check following adjustment,


recheck acceleration time (Ref. steps (5) and (6) ACCELERATION
CHECK preceding).

10) Following acceptable acceleration and bodie checks, if scribe marks


do not align, remove seal and lockwire on FCU acceleration dome.
Holding adjusting screw with an Allen wrench, loosen adjuster
locknut. Turn dome to re-align scribe marks, then tighten locknut,
lockwire and seal. lockwire dome tab.

20

PT6A series engine testing


TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION
1)

Start engine, and advance power control and propeller control


levers (propeller testing) or rotate dynamometer controller until
engine is operating at observed power of 550 10 SHPCEG (PT6A-21
engines) or 680 10 SHPCEG (PT6A-27/-28 engines) or maximum
power obtainable without exceeding engine operating limits and at
an NFC equal to 33000 rpm but not to exceed 34200 rpm (NF
observed).

2)

Run engine for 5 minutes at this power setting to obtain


stabilization. Annotate log sheet; Tt5 Trim Determination and record
set of readings.
Nf, Ng, Pam or Baro, Psn or P1000, Ps3, p, SG, Tf, Tsg, Tt1, Tt5, Tt7

3)

Determine trim value from readings in step (2), preceding. Process


Data with Program PWC83020.

4)

With results obtained in step (3) preceding, calculate trim to


suppress TT5/TH to a value T5D/TH - 60 10 F (PT6A-21/-27/-28
engines) or T5D/TH - 65 5 F (PT6A-28 Piper engines only).
Tt5 Trim Determination (example):
TT5/TH = 1753R
T5D/TH = 1733R
T5D/TH - 60 = 1733 - 60 = 1673R
del T5/TH trim = 1753 1673 = 80

5)

Trim value obtained in step (a) preceding is for a 59F day. To trim
engine, this value should be denormalized as follows:
del T5/TH x TH = del T5.

21

PT6A series engine testing


TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION continued
6)

Select appropriate class of trim harness (P/N 3013604 or P/N


3031417) (Ref. Table703).

7)

Install selected trim harness (Ref. Final Assembly), and record class
in log sheet.

8)

Start engine and run at take-off power (Ref. step (1), preceding).

9)

After allowing for stabilization of readings, make sure that selected


trim reduces Tt5 by the required value. If you are using program
PWC83020, check the T5 trim check box and the output screen will
state if the trim is good or not. Should it be necessary, install
another class of trim and recheck.

22

PT6A series engine testing


TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION continued
TABLE 703, Trim Harness Classification
3031417

5% @ 70F Approx. Ohms

Approx. Range F

3013604

Class 10

3.75 to 3.95

-208 to -200

Class 11

3.95 to 4.20

-200 to -190

Class 12

4.20 to 4.45

-190 to -180

Class 13

4.45 to 4.75

-180 to -171

Class 14

4.75 to 5.10

-171 to -161

Class 15

5.10 to 5.50

-161 to -151

Class 16

5.50 to 5.90

-151 to -142

Class 17

5.90 to 6.40

-142 to -132

Class 18

6.40 to 6.90

-132 to -123

Class 19

6.90 to 7.66

-123 to -114

Class 20

-114 to -104

Class 25

-104 to - 91

Class 1

Class 30

10.5

- 91 to - 80

Class 2

Class 35

12

- 80 to - 71

Class 3

Class 40

14

- 71 to - 61

Class 5

Class 45

16

- 61 to - 51

Class 7

Class 50

19

- 48 to - 45

Class 10

Class 55

24

- 40 to - 35

Class 20

Class 60

30

- 34 to - 28

Class 30

Class 65

43

- 25 to - 20

Class 40

Class 70

72

- 15 to - 10

Class 50

Class 75

110

- 9 to - 6

Class 60

23

PT6A series engine testing


TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION continued
FLOW CHART OF TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION
START

1. Run engine to maximum power obtainable, NFC =


33000 rpm, don't exceed operating limit.
2. Stabilize for 5 minutes.
3. Take fullset reading
install trim harness
TSG, SG, LHV, Ng, Nf, Pbaro,
Psn, P3, Tt5, Torq1, delP,
Wf,Tfuel, Tt1, Tt7

Input to and process


with Program Drp
PWC83020

1. Run engine to TAKEOFF or maximum power


obtainable, NFC = 33000 rpm, don't exceed
operating limit.
2. Make sure that selected trim reduces Tt5 by the
required value.

SELESAI

TT5TH AND T5DTH

NOTE :
TH = (Tt1+459.688)/518.688

example :
delT5TH = TT5TH - (T5DTH - 60)

delT5 = delT5TH x TH

TH = 1.05,
TT5TH = 1753 R,
T5DTH = 1733 R,
delT5TH = 1753 - (1733 - 60) = 80,
delT5 = 80 x 1.05 = 84,
lookup table 703, p/n : 3031417
trim class = class 30, -91 to -80

delT5

LOOKUP TABLE 703

TRIM
CLASS

24

PT6A series engine testing


TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION continued
EXAMPLE OF TT5 TRIM DETERMINATION

The data from left column above, taken from fullset @ takeoff. The data will process
with DRP program PWC83020.
The output from program are :
THETA
= (ENGINE INLET TEMP + 459.688)/518.688
= (85.93 + 459.688)/518.688 = 1.05
T5D/THETA
= 1723.8 deg R
CORR.TT5 (TT5/THETA) = 1752.4 deg R
With refer to flow chart, then :
(T5D/THETA ) - 60
= 1723.8 60 = 1663.8
DELTA TT5/ THETA TRIM = CORR.TT5 (TT5/THETA) (T5D/THETA) 60
= 1752.4 1663.8 = 88.6
DELTA TT5 DENORMALIZE = DELTA TT5/ THETA TRIM X THETA
= 88.6 X 1.05 = 93.03 = 93
LOOKUP TO TABLE 703 93 CLASS 25 OR CLASS 30

25

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
Before we move deeply to Acceptance Check, better if we have a good
understanding on several important parameter which were used for
determine the result of acceptance check .
The parameter which mentioned above are SHPCEG, NGC, WFC, SFC and
TT5C.

26

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
SHPCEG BLOCK DIAGRAM
TORQ3
(static torq press)

psig

del P
(torq2 - torq3 x 2.036)
SHP
(del P x NF / KONSTAN)

TORQ2
(torqmeter press)

psig

NF
(power turbine speed)

rpm

KONSTAN
PT6A-27 = 5272
PT6A-25 = 5183

SHPCEG
(SHP / DELTA / sqroot THETA)

PBAR
(ambient press)

psia

DELTA
(pbar / standard press)
standard press
(14.696 psi)
sq root THETA
(theta ^ 0.5)

THETA
(tt1 avg + 459.688) / 518.688

TT1 avg
(engine inlet temp)

deg F

TT5C or TT5TH BLOCK DIAGRAM


TT5 DEG R
(tt5 + 459.688)

TT5
(interturbine temp)

deg F

THETA
(tt1 avg + 459.688 / 518.688)

TT1 AVG
(engine inlet temp)

deg F

TT5C or TT5TH
(TT5 DEG R / THETA )

27

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
WFC BLOCK DIAGRAM

CORR SPGRAV
(spgrav-1.2875)/(ftsamp+1164)x(tfuel-ftsamf)+spgrav

FTSAMP
(fuel sample temp)

deg F

SPGRAV
(fuel spec. gravity)

psig

TFUEL
(fuel temp)

deg F

WFGPM
(fuel flow)

gpm

WFPPH
(wfgpm x 499.68 x corr spgrav)

WFC
(wfpph / DELTA x sqroot THETA)

PBAR
(ambient press)

psia

DELTA
(pbar / standard press)
standard press
(14.696 psi)
sq root THETA
(theta ^ 0.5)

THETA
(tt1 avg + 459.688) / 518.688

TT1 avg
(engine inlet temp)

deg F

SFCC BLOCK DIAGRAM


SHPCEG
(corr shp engine)

hp

WFC
(corr WF)

pph

SFCC
(shpceg / wfc)

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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
NGC BLOCK DIAGRAM
sq root THETA
(theta ^ 0.5)

THETA
(tt1 avg + 459.688) / 518.688

TT1 avg
(engine inlet temp)

deg F

NGC
(ng / sqroot THETA)

NG
rpm
(gas producer speed)

TT7C BLOCK DIAGRAM


THETA
(tt1 avg + 459.688) / 518.688

TT1 avg
(engine inlet temp)

deg F

TT7 AVG
(engine exhaust nozzle temp)

deg F

TT7AC
(TT7A DEG R / THETA)

TT7A DEG R
(tt7 avg + 459.688)

PS3C BLOCK DIAGRAM


PBAR
(ambient press)

psia

DELTA
(pbar / standard press)
PS3C
(PS3 / DELTA )

standard press
(14.696 psi)
PS3
(compressor discharge press)

psig

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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
PROCEDURE
CAUTION : DO NOT EXCEED ENGINE OPERATING LIMITS
1)

Run to following powers at Nf/RTH equal to 33000 rpm, but not to


exceed 34200 rpm (observed).

2)

Record readings for each of the power setting points :

3)

PT6A-21 or PT6A -25 engines: :

4)

5)

a)

550 SHP/DELRTH or maximum power obtainable.

a)

495 SHP/DELRTH.

PT6A-27/28 engines: :

a)

680 SHP/DELRTH or maximum power obtainable.

a)

620 SHP/DELRTH.

From readings obtained in steps (3) or (4) preceding, process data with
program PWC83020. Plot the best straight line across the normalized
values of Wf, Tt5 and Ng against shp on engine performance graph.
(Ref. Fig. 711).
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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
PROCEDURE

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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE
1)

Enter curve at 550 shp (PT6A-21 engines) or 680 shp (PT6A-27/-28


engines) and record corresponding values for SFC, Tt5 and Ng for takeoff power in corrected engine performance block.

2)

Check parameters determined in step (1) against required parameters


(Ref. Table 704).

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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

34

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

35

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

36

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

37

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

38

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

39

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

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PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE VALUE

41

PT6A series engine testing


ACCEPTANCE CHECK (PERFORMANCE)
ACCEPTANCE CHECK performance calculation example

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PT6A series engine testing

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PT6A series engine testing

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PT6A series engine testing

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PT6A series engine testing

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PT6A series engine testing

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