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URL

What is URL
URL is the abbreviation of Uniform Resource Locator. URL is the global address of documents and
other resources A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) (commonly informally referred to as a web

address, although the term is not defined identically[1]) is a reference to a web resource that
specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it. A URL is a specific
type of Uniform Resource Identifier (URI),[2] although many people use the two terms
interchangeably.[3] A URL implies the means to access an indicated resource, which is not true of
every URI. URLs occur most commonly to reference web pages (http), but are also used for file
transfer, email , database access , and many other applications.

Parts of a URL

The first part of the URL is called a protocol identifier and it indicates what protocol to use,

the second part is called aresource name and it specifies the IP address or the domain namewhere the resource
is located. The protocol identifier and the resource name are separated by a colon and two forward slashes.

URL is a URI

A URL is one type of Uniform Resource Identifier (URI); the generic term for all types of names and
addresses that refer to objects on the World Wide Web.

The term "Web address" is a synonym for a URL that uses the HTTP or HTTPS protocol.

The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) was developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1994 and the Internet
Engineering Task Force (IETF) URI working group. The URL format is specified in RFC 1738 Uniform
Resource Locators (URL).

HISTORY OF URL
Berners-Lee later expressed regret at the use of dots to separate the parts of the domain
name within URIs, wishing he had used slashes throughout,[8] and also said that, given the
colon following the first component of a URI, the two slashes before the domain name were
unnecessary.[9]

INERNET
ABOUT INTERNET
Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet
protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide. It began in California in
1969 [1] and began connecting to networks on other continents in 1988.
networks ("internet" is short for "internetworking")

[2]

It is a network of

[3]

Most traditional communications media, including telephony and television, are being
reshaped or redefined by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as Internet
telephony and Internet television. Newspaper, book, and other print publishing are adapting
to website technology, or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds. The entertainment
industry, including music, film, and gaming, was initially the fastest growing online segment.
The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of human interactions through instant
messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. Online shopping has grown exponentially
both for major retailers and small artisans and traders.Business-to-business and financial
services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries.

Histoy of internet
The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the United States
government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer
networks.[4] The primary precursor network, the ARPANET, initially served as a backbone
for interconnection of regional academic and military networks in the 1980s. The funding
of a new U.S. backbone by the National Science Foundation in the 1980s, as well as
private funding for other commercial backbones, led to worldwide participation in the
development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks. [5] The
linking of international and commercial networks from 1988 onwards marks the beginning
of the transition to the modern Internet,[6] and generated a sustained exponential growth
as generations of institutional, personal, and mobile computers were connected to the
network

WIFI
What is wifi
Wi-Fi is the name of a popular wireless networking technology that uses radio
waves to provide wireless high-speed Internet andnetwork connections. A
common misconception is that the term Wi-Fi is short for "wireless fidelity,"
however this is not the case. Wi-Fi is simply a trademarked phrase that
means IEEE 802.11x

How does wifi work


Wi-Fi works with no physical wired connection between sender and receiver by
using radio frequency (RF) technology, a frequency within the .
electromagnetic spectrum associated with radio wave propagation. When an RF
current is supplied to an antenna, an electromagnetic field is created that then is
able to propagate through space.
Wi-Fi is supported by many applications and devices including video game
consoles, home networks, PDAs,mobile phones, major operating systems, and
other types of consumer electronics

Who invented wifi


The Australian radio-astronomer Dr John O'Sullivan with his colleagues Dr Terrence Percival
AM, Mr Graham Daniels, Mr Diet Ostry, Mr John Deane

[4]

developed a key patent used in Wi-

Fi as a by-product of a Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research


Organisation (CSIRO) research project, "a failed experiment to detect exploding mini black
holes the size of an atomic particle".[5] In 1992 and 1996, CSIRO obtained patents[6] for a
method later used in Wi-Fi to "unsmear" the signal.[7]

USES AND MIS-USES OF


SOCIAL NET WORKING SITES
uses

Social Networks are Web-based services that allow people to construct a


public, or somewhat public, profile. Articulate a list of other users with whom
they share a connection with friends, family, etc. Social networks not only
allow people to meet and communicate with strangers, but they also let users
organize and visible their social networks. In many ways, social media has led
to positive changes in the way people communicate and share information
We can access information in better way . with the birth of the internet, every
single bit of information or knowledge a child or teen needs to learn is
compiled in a very large library called the World Wide Web. With social
networking, research is a thousand times easier and getting the information
you want may be done in minutes.
Social networking provides interactive involvement with other peoples. It
helps in improving the world awareness. It is quite usual to think that children
and teens are not that keen to knowing issues that shape the world. Politics,
social problems, population, health, and the economy are things that the
younger populace lacks interest in. But because of social networking, they
have no choice but to face the worlds problems and share their opinions. The
good thing about this is that their voices are given weight in issues where
adults are traditionally the prominent protagonists. With all this positive
effects social networking also lead to the hazards and adverse effects of it

Misuses

It may encourage exploitation and abuse which may lead to the very

antagonistic effects on the life of the peoples. We all know that social
networking is a product of technology and technology brings new kinds of
crime. While many people use it for wholesome, ethical, and healthy reasons .
Sometimes social networking will be responsible to behavioral tendencies and
consequences. The impact of social media and social networking sites on the
behavior of children and teens is very disturbing. Were not saying that social
media is bad in and of itself. The misuse of such technology is what makes it
bad.e are also many who utilize it to abuse and exploit others