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English department 2nd year LFU Lebanese

French university

Types of short
Detective short story: it is type of fiction in
which a detective or other professional, solves a
crime or series of crimes. It can take the form of a
novel or short story. The purpose of this type of
story is to solve and to create a feeling of
resolution with the audience.
The main plot, or key events in detective short
story focuses of the crime that needs solving. The
protagonist or central character is the detective,
and the rest of the characters are usually suspects.
Gothic fiction: it largely known by the subgenre
of gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature
romanticism. It is origin is attributed to English
author Horace Walpole.
Ghost story: may be any piece of fiction or drama
that includes ghost, or simply takes as a premise
the possibility of ghosts or characters belief in

them. The ghost may appear of it is own accord to

be summoned by magic linked to the ghost is the
idea of hauntings where a supernatural entity is
tied to a place, object or person.
Colloquially the term ghost story can refer to any
kind of scary story, in a narrow sense, the ghost
story has been developed as a short story format
within genre fiction. It is a form of supernatural
fiction and specifically of weird fiction and is often
a horror story. While ghost story are often explicitly
meant to be scary, they have been written to serve
all sorts of purposes from comedy to morality tales.
Ghost often appear in a narrative a sentinels or
prophets of things to come. Belief in ghosts a found
in all cultures around the world, and thus ghost
stories may be passed down orally or in written
Science fiction: is a genre of fiction dealing with
imaginative content such as futuristic settings,
futuristic science and technology, space travel,
faster than light travel, parallel universe. It usually
eschews the supernatural and unlike related genre
of fantasy, it is imaginary elements are largely
plausible within scientifically established context of
the story. Science fiction and other inn orations,
and has been called literature.

Fable: is a literary genre a succinct fictional story,

in prose or verse that features animals, mythical
creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of
nature that are anthropomorphized ( given human
qualities) such as verbal communication and that
illustrates or leads to an interpretation of moral
lesson which may at the end be added explicitly as
a pithy maxim.
A fable differs form a parable in that the letter
excludes animals, plants, inanimate objects, and
forces of nature as actors that assume speech or
other powers of human kind.
Historical fiction: it is a type of story and
literature told in a rarity of
stories which
are based on real life historical events and set in
historical time and place.
The characters all behave in realistic ways. auf the
characters may be fictional or some may be real
while others are fictional. The character also may
be fictitious but based on a person who actually
The setting is considered the most important
element in historical fiction time! An authentic
period in history place a real historical place.

Conflict: the main characters are involved in a

conflict or dilemma that is realistic to the time
Plot: is based on real events that are mixed with
fictional events. These events. Makes sense at the
Dialogue: words spoken by the characters reflect
the knowledge and thoughts of the people at the
Description: descriptions of the characters, events
and places are very vivid. Any historic fictional
that may be unfamiliar to the reader is explained
by the writer.