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Indian Sta~ndard

SI UNITS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

FOR THE

USE OF THEIR MULTIPLES AND OF CERTAIN

OTHER UNITS

(Second Revision)

UDC

006.057.5

Q BIS 1994

BU-REAU

MANAK

November 1994

BHAVAN,

OF

IN~DIAN

9

BAHADUR

NEW

DELHI

STA~NDARDS

SHAH

ZAFAR

MARG

110002

Price

Group

Basic Standards

NATIONAL

Sectional

Committee,

MSD 1

FOREWORD

This Indian Standard (Second Revision) which is identical with IS0 1000 : 1992 SI units and

recommendations

for the use of their multiples and of certain other units, issued by the International

Organization

for Standardization

(ISO), was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the

recommendation

of the Basic Standards Sectional Committee

(MSD 1) and approval of the

Management and Systems Division Council.

The text of the IS0 Standard has been approved as suitable for publication as Indian Standard without

deviations.

Certain conventions

are, however, not identical to those used in Indian Standards.

Attention is particularly drawn to the-following:

a)

is to use full point ( ) as the decimal marker.

b)

read as Indian Standard.

This standard

In this second

revision,

a)

they should be

the following

changes

Quantities and units from IS 1890 (Parts 9, 10, 12, and 13)/ISO 31 (Parts 9, 10, 12 and 13)

have been added to Annex A (Normative) giving examples of decimal multiples and submultiples of SI units and of some other units which may be used. A cross reference to the item

numbers of relevant standard has been made.

b)

c)

Committee for Weights and Measures

concerning the status of supplementary

units has been incorporated.

by new definition.

(CIPM)

in 1980

In the adopted standard, normative references appear to certain International Standards for which

Indian Standards also exist. The corresponding

Indian Standards which are to be substituted in their

place are listed below along with their degree of equivalence for the editions indicated:

In terna tional

Standard

Corresponding

Indian Standard

Degree of

Equivalence

IEC 27-l

: 1971

and signs used in electric technology :

Part 1 General guidance on symbols

and subscripts (first revision)

Technically

equivalent

IS0 31-l

: 1992

units: Part 1 Space and time (first

revision)

Identical

units: Part 2 Periodic and related

phenomena (second revision)

Identical

units: Part 3 Mechanics

(second

revision)

Identical

units and symbols: Part 4 Heat (first

revision)

Technically

equivalent

units: Part 5 Electricity and magnetism

(first revision)

Identical

I) Under Revision

(Continued

on third cover)

IS 10005: 1994

IS0 1000:1992

Indian Standard

SI UNITS

USE OF THEIR IViJLTlPLES AND OF CERTAIN

OTHER UNITS

(Second Revision)

International Standards.

Scope

This International

of currently

valid

Standard

Letter symbols to be used in elec- Part 1: General

clauses 3, 4 and 6);

System

trical technology

of Units) (in

b) recommends selected decimal multiples and submultiples of St units for general use and gives

certain other units which may be used with the

International System of Units (in clauses 5 and 7,

and annex A);

quotes the definitions

nex B).

Normative

registers

SI units

System of Units (Systeme

International dunites), with the international abbreviation SI, was adopted by the 11 th General Conference

on Weights and Measures (Conference G&kale

des

Poids et Mesures, CGPM) in 1960.

reference

The following

standard contains provisions which,

through reference in this text, constitute provisions

of this International Standard. At the time of publication, the edition indicated was valid. All standards are

subject to revision, and parties to agreements based

on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent

edition of the standard indicated below. Members of

base units

which together

3.1

supplementary

units

system of SI units.

Base wits

The International

System of Units

seven base units listed in table 1.

is based on the

1) Full InformatIon about the lnrernational System of Units IS given in a publication by the InternatIonal Bureau of Weights ana

Measures (Bureau lnternationai des Poids et Mesures, BIPM): Le Sysr&ne lnremarional dlJnir6s (SO, irkluding an authorized

English transiation.

2) 5th edition. currently

being revised.

IS looo5: 1994

IS0 MOO : 1992

Table 1 -

SI

for example the SI unit for angutar velocity can be

written as radian per second (rad/s).

base units

SI base unit

Base quantity

Name

length

metre

mass

kilogram

kg

time

second

ampere

thermodynamic

temperature

kelvin

amount of substance

mole

mol

luminous

candela

cd

electric

current

intensity

units

in terms of other derived units having special names;

for example, the SI unit for electric dipole moment is

usually expressed as C - m instead of A. s - m.

Symbol

SI units

with the kernel symbol to which it is directly attached, forming with it a new symbol (for a decimal

multiple or sub-multiple)

which can be raised to a

positive or negative power, and which can be combined with other unit symbols to form symbols for

compound units.

6.

supplementary

EXAMPLES

=

(JO-* m)3

10b6m3

ps-

(lo-6s)-

106s-

1 mm*/s

(10m3 m)*/s

lo-

symbols exist; those approved by the CGPM are listed

in tables 2 and 3.

m*/s

write nm for nanometre, not mFm.

The SI units radian and steradian are called supplementary units. They are dimensionless

derived

units (more precisely, derived units of dimension one)

with special names and symbols. Although the coherent unit for plane angle and for solid angle is expressed by the number 1, it is convenient to use the

special names radian (rad) and steradian (sr) respec-

NOTE 1

for mass, the kilogram, contains the name of the SI prefix

kilo. Names of the decimal multiples and sub-multiples

Df the unit of mass are formed by adding the prefixes to the

word

Mg).

note 1 in clause

of

and symbols of multiples (decimal multiples and submultiples) of the SI units.

base units. Their symbols are obtained by means of

the mathematical signs of multiplication

and division;

for example, the SI unit for velocity is metre per second (m/s).

however,

Multiples

4 about the base unit the kilogram.

gram,

e.g. milligram

IS 10005 : 1994

IS0 1000: 1992

Table 2 -

SI derived unit

Derived quantity

Spatial name

Symbol

and St derived units

plane angle

radian

rad

1 rad = 1 m/m = 1

solid angle

steradian

sr

1 sr=l

frequency

hertz

Hz

1 Hz = 1 s-l

force

newton

1 N = 1 kg - m/s2

pressure,

stress

Pascal

Pa

1 Pa = 1 N/m2

energy.

work,

quantity

joule

1 J=l

power,

radiant flux

watt

1 W = 1 J/s

electric charge,

quantity of electricity

coulomb

1 C=l

A-s

eiectric potential,

potential difference,

tension,

electromotive

force

volt

1 V=l

W/A

capacitance

farad

1 F=l

C/V

electric resistance

ohm

1 Q = 1 V/A

electric conductance

siemens

1 s = 1 a-

magnetic

flux

weber

Wb

1 Wb=l

magnetic

flux density

tesla

1 T=l

inductance

henry

1 H = 1 Wb/A

Celsius temperature

degree Celsiusl)

1 CF~

luminous

lumen

Im

1 Im = 1 cd asr

lux

IX

1 lx = 1 lm/m2

m2/m2=1

N-m

of heat

illuminance

flux

V.s

Wb/m2

1) Degree Celsius is a special name for the unit kelvin for use in stating values of Celsius temperature.

also note6 concerning the kelvin in annex B.)

(See

IS 19905 : 1994

IS0 1000: 1992

Table 3 -

I

human health

SI derived unit

.Derived quantity

Special name

Symbol

and SI derived units

becquerel

Bq

1 Bq = 1 s-

absorbed dose,

specific energy imparted,

kerma,

absorbed dose index

gray

GY

1 Gy = 1 J/kg

dose equivalent,

dose equivalent index

sievert

sv

1 Sv = 1 J/kg

activity

(of a radionuclide)

Table

4 -

5.2

The multiple can usually be chosen so that the

numerical values will be between 0,l and 1 000. In

the case of a compound unit containing a unit to the

second or third power, this is not always possible.

Sl prefixes

PWfiX

Factor

Name

Symbol

yotta

zetta

exa

peta

Y

2

E

P

lOI2

log

lo6

lo3

tera

T

G

M

k

lo2

10

10-l

lo-*

hecto

deca

deci

centi.

1o-3

1o-6

Or:*

10

milli

micro

nano

pica

lo-l5

1o-l8

lo-*

1o-24

femto

atto

zepto

yocto

1018

1o15

giga

mega

kilo

EXAMPLES

I,2 x lo4 N

can be written

as

12 kN

0,003 94 m

can be written

as

3,94 mm

1 401 Pa

can be written

as

1,401 kPa

3,l x 10-8s

can be written

as

31 ns

in a discussion of such values within a given context,

it will generally be better to use the same multiple for

all items, even if some of the numerical values will

then be outside the range 0,l to 1 000. For certain

quantities in particular applications, the same multiple

is customarily

used; for example, the millimetre

is

used for dimensions in most mechanical engineering

drawings.

h

da

d

C

m

CI

n

P

5.3

The number ~of prefixes used in formrng compound units should be limited as far as is compatible

with practical usage.

f

a

2

Y

5.4

Errors in calculations can be avoided more easrly

if all quantities are expressed in SI units, powers of

10 being used instead of prefixes.

unit symbols

6.1

Unit symbols shall be printed in roman (upright)

type (irrespective of the type used in the rest of the

text), shall remain unaltered in the plural, shail be

written without a final full stop (period) except for

normal punctuation, e.g. at the end of a sentence, and

shall be placed after the complete numerical value in

multiple (decimal

multiple or sub-multiple) of an SI unit is governed by

convenience, the multiple chosen for a particular- application being the one which will lead to numerical

values within a practical range.

4

IS 10005 : 1994

IS0 1uw: 1992

the expression

for a quantity,

leaving a space

tween the numerical value and the unit symbol,

be-

SI units and their multiples

letters except that the first letter is written in upper

case when the name .of the unit is derived from a

proper name.

7.1

There are certain units, outside the SI, recognized by the CIPM as having to be retained because

of their practical importance (see tables 5 and 6).

EXAMPLES

7.2

some of the units given in tables 5 and 6; for example,

millilitre, ml. (See also annex A, column 6.)

metre

second

ampere

Wb

weber

7.3

In a limited number of cases, compound units

are formed with the units given in tables 5 and 6 together with SI units and their multiples; for example,

kg/h; km/h. (See also annex A, columns 5 and 6.)

NOTE 4

There are some other units outside the SI which

are recognized by the CIPM for temporary use. They are

given in column 7 of the table in annex A and marked by

an asterisk (*).

6.2

When a compound unit is formed by multiplication of two or more units, this should be indicated

in one of the following ways:

Table 5 -

Units

used with

the SI

Unit

Quantity

N-m,

NOT5

Nm

Name

:ime

is used instead of a half-high dot.

Symbol

Definition

minute

min

1 min = 60 s

hour

1 h = 60 min

day

1 d=24h

degree

minute

I = (l/60)

second

1 = (l/60)

provided that special care is taken when the symbol for one

of the units is the same as the symbol for a prefix, e.g. mN

is used only for millinewton,

not for metre newton.

olane angle

by another, this should be indicated in one of the following ways:

volume

litre

I, L)

1 I=1

mass

tonnes)

1 t=103kg

m

S

m/s,

footing. The CIPM will, however, make

on the development of the use of the two

in order to see if one of the two may

pressed.

m - s-l.

sign or a division

sign on the same line unless

parentheses are inserted to avoid any ambiguity.

In

complicated cases negative powers or parentheses

shall be used.

guage.

dm3

an equal

a survey

symbols

be sup-

IS 10005: 1994

IS0 1000 : 1992

Table 6 -

Units used with the SI, whose values in SI units are obtained

experimentally

Unit

Quantity

Symbol

Name

energy

electronvolt

mass

unified atomic

mass unit

eV

Definition

The electronvolt is the kinetic energy

acquired by an electron in passing

through a potential difference of 1 volt

in vacuum:

1 eV 2: 1,602 177 x lo-J.

The unified atomic mass unit is equal

to l/12 of the mass of an atom of the

nuclide *C:

1 u z 1,660 540 x lo-* kg.

IS 10005: 1994

IS0

1000

: 1992

Annex A

(normative)

Examples of -decimal multiples and sub-multiples of SI units and of some

other units which may be used

For a number of commonly used quantities, examples of decimal multiples and sub-multiples of SI units, as well

as of some other units which may be used, are given in this annex. It is suggested that the selection shown, while

not intended to be restrictive, will none the less prove helpful in presenting values of quantities in an identical

manner in similar contexts within the various sectors of technology. For some needs (for example, in applications

in science and education), it is recognized that greater freedom will be required in the choice of decimal multiples

and sub-multiples of SI units than is exemplified in the list which follows.

Item No.

In IS0 31:

1992

Quantity

SI unit

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

by the ClPM as having to be

retained, and for spocisl cases

some of their combina-tlons with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units -given in

column 5

units used in special fields

1-l

angle,

b rad

(radian)

(plane angle)

mrad

1 gon=--rad

200

If the radian is not used, the cnits

(degree)

1 -cad

180

degrea are preferable to minute

and second for most applications.

For the units degree, minute and

second for plane angle, there

shall be no space between the

numerical value and the unit

symbol.

,

(minute)

lL-&

I,

(secon:~

1 e60

prad

1-2

solid angle

Eteradian)

l-3.1

length

1 nautical mile*

(exactly)

km

= 1 852 m

Retre)

cm

mm

pm

nm

temporary use.

IS loo05 : 1994

IS0 1000: 1992

ltom No.

in IS0 31:

1992

Quantity

SI unit

Selection

of

multiples

end eubmultlples

ofthrSI

unit

by the CIPM es having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multlples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

1

I-4

area

volume

km2

dm2

cm2

mm2

a* (are), 1 a = lo2 m2

m2

t-5

units used in special fields

temporary use.

l

m3

dm3

hi

1 hl = IO- m3

decimetre (dm3) and advised

I, L

(litre)

1 I=

10V3m3=

1 dm3

for high-precision measurements.

cl

1 cl E 10T5 m3

ml

1 ml = 10m6 m3 =

1 cm3

cm3

1) to table 5.

mm3

l-7

time

and year (a) are in common use.

The definitions of month and year

often need to be specified.

d

(day)

1 d=24h

(exactly)

h

(hour)

1 h = 60 min

(exactly)

ks

min

(minute)

1 min = 60 s

(exactly)

Gecond)

ms

c1s

ns

l-8

angular

velocity

rad/s

I-10

velocity

m/s

km/h

1 km/h =

0,514 444 m/s

For the hour, see item No. 1-7.

&

temporary use.

mm/h

l-11.1

accteleration

m/s

l

m/s2

IS 10905:

IS0

Item No.

in IS0 31:

1992

Quantity

by the CIPM as having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

Part 2: Periodic

2-3.1

SI unit

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

1000:

1994

1992

units used-in special fields

THz

GHz

MHz

kHz

frequency

HZ

(hertz)

2-3.2

2-4

-1

rotational

frequency

angular

frequency

rad/s

per minute (r/min) and revolutions per second (r/s) are

widely used for rotational frequency in specifications on rotating machinery. (See also IEC

27-l .)

For the minute, see item l-7.

min-

Part 3: Mechanics

3-1

mass

Mg

t

(tonne)

1 t=103kg

See footnote

2) to table 5.

kg

(kilogram)

g

mg

Pg

3-2

3-5

volumic

mass,

density,

mass density

lineic mass,

linear density

3-7

moment

inertia

3-8

momentum

38.1

force

of

Mg/m3 or

kg/dm3

or g/cm3

t/m3 or kg/l

kg/m3

g/ml

For the tonne, see item No. 3-1.

g/f

1 tex = IO-

kg/m

mglm

kg/m = 1 g/km

filaments.

kg-m

kg - m/s

MN

kN

N

(newton)

mN

PN

IS iow5

: 1994

Is0

1000: 1992

Item No.

in IS0 31:

1992

-1

Quantity

SI unit

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

3-l 1

moment of

momentum,

angular

momentum

3-12.1

moment

force

by the CIPM as heving to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

unlts given in

column 5

units used in special fields

kg - m*/s

MN.m

kN . m

of

N.m

mN-m

PN Bm

3-15.1

(exactly)

GPa

MPa

kPa

hPa

pressure

1 mbar = 1 hPa

Pa

(Pascal)

field of fluid pressure.

mPa

PPa

l

Recognized by the CIPM for

temporary use.

3-15.2

GPa

MPa

kPa

normal stress

Pa

3-23

3-24

viscosity,

(dynamic

viscosity)

Pa . s

kinematic

viscosity

m2/s

P (poise)

1 cP= 1 mPa.s

mPa.s

names for CGS units. They and

their multiples and sub-multiples

shall not be used together with

SI units.

St (stokes)

1 cSt = 1 mm*/s

mm*/s

3-25

3-26.1

and

3-26.2

surface

tension

N/m

mN/m

EJ

PJ

TJ

GJ

MJ

kJ

energy.

work

J

(joule)

mJ

lb

IS looo!5:1994

IS0

hction

ltom No.

n IS0 21:

1992

1

l-27

Si unit

Quantity

of

multiples

and submultiples

OfthoSl

unit

by the CIPMas havingto be

rotalnod,and for specialcases

someof theircombinations

with

SI units

Unit8

Multiploaor

rub-multiplesof

units *on in

column6

1990 : 1992

Romrrksand informationabout

units uwd in specirlfields

GW

MW

kW

power

W

(watt)

mW

PW

art 4~ Heat

l-1

thermodynamic

temperature

K

(kelvin)

I-2

Celsius

temperature

C

(degree

Celsius)

I

I

l-3.1

66

equal to the difference (T - TO)

between two thermodynamic

temperatures T and To, where

To =-273.15 K (exactly).

For the definition and the use of

the degree Celsius (C), see

note6 under the definition of the

kelvin in annex B.

linear

expansion

coefficient

K-l

heat

4-2.

EJ

PJ

TJ

GJ

MJ

kJ

J

mJ

67

kW

W

4-9

thermal

conductivity

W/(m 8Kl

618.1

coefficient

of heat

transfer

W/(m2 - K)

4-2.

4-11

thermal

insulance

m2. K/W

4-2.

Cl6

heat capacity

J/K

4-2.

kJ/K

4-2.

11

IS 10005 : 1994

IS0 1000: 1992

item No.

n IS0 31:

1992

Ouantity

1

I-16.1

massic heat

capacity

I-16

entropy

619

massic

entropy

1-21.2

massic

thermodynamic

energy

art 5: Electricity

i-l

Si unit

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the Si

unit

J/M - K)

by the CiPM as having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

St units

Units

Muitipies or

rub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

kJ/(kg- K)

4-2.

kJ/K

4-2.

kJ/(kg

. K)

4-2.

J/K

J/M - K)

units used in special fields

J/kg

and magnetism

electric

current

kA

A

(ampere)

mA

PA

nA

PA

5-2

electric

charge,

quantity of

electricity

A-h

1 A-h3,6 kC

kC

C

(coulomb)

ClC

nC

PC

5-3 k

6-4

volumic

charge,

volume

density of

charge,

charge

density

C/mm3 or

GC/m3

MC/m3 or

C/cm3

kc/m3

C/m3

mC/m3

PC/m3

areic charge,

surface

density of

charge

MC/m or

C/mm

C/cm2

kc/m2

C/m2

mC/m2

PC/m

12

IS 10005:1994

IS0 1000:1992

item No.

in IS0 31:

1992

5-5

SI unit

Quantity

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

electric field

strength

by the CIPM as having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

MV/m

kV/m or

V/mm

V/cm

V/m

mV/m

Hm

5-6.1

electric

potential

5-6.2

potential

difference,

tension

5-6.3

electromotive

force

5-7

electric flux

density

MV

kV

V

(volt)

mV

IJJ

C/cm*

kc/m*

C/m*

mC/m*

G/m*

5-8

electric flux

MC

kC

C

mC

5-9

capacitance

F

(farad)

mF

PF

nF

PF

5-10.1

permittivity

F/m

pF/m

nF/m

pF/m

5-13

electric

polarization

C/cm*

kc/m*

C/m2

mC/m*

G/m*

5-14

electric dipole

moment

units-used in special fields

C-m

.

IS 10005:1994

IS0

1000:1992

Item No.

in IS0 31:

1992

1

5-15

5-16

Selection

of

multiples

SI unit

Quentity

andsubmultiples

ofthesl

unit

areic electric

current,

electric

current

density

lineic electric

current,

linear electric

current

density

5-17

magnetic

field

strength

5-18.1

magnetic

potential

difference

by the CIPM as heving to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

MA/m2 or

A/mm2

A/cm2

kA/m2

A/m2

kA/m or

A/mm

A/cm

A/m

kA/m or

A/mm

A/cm

A/m

5-19

5-20

kA

A

mA

magnetic flux

density,

magnetic

induction

T

(tesla)

magnetic flux

Wb

(weber)

mT

PT

nT

mWb

5-21

magnetic

vector

potential

kWb/m

gblmm

Wb/m

522.1

selfinductance

5-22.2

mutual

inductance

5-24

permeability

H

(henn/)

mH

VH

nH

PH

H/m

PHjm

nH/m

5-27

magnetic

moment,

electromagnetic

moment

A-m

14

units used in special fields

IS 10005: 1994

IS0 1000 : 1992

Item No.

n IS0 31:

1992

1

i-20

SI unit

Quantity

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

by the ClPM as having to be

retainad, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

unlts given in

column 5

units used in special fields

kA/m or

A/mm

magnetization

A/m

i-29

magnetic

polarization

IEC

magnetic

!7-1:1971, dipole

tern 88)

moment

i-33

T

mT

N - m*/A

&b-m

GCI

MCI

kn

resistance (to

direct

current)

Ehm)

mTL

w

i-34

conductance

(of direct

current)

kS

S

(siemens)

mS

PS

j-38

Gf2.m

Mn.m

kf2.m

resistivity

n-mm*

ii-_.(=

is also used.

a-m

R-cm

ma-m

paam

Warn

5-37

MS/m

kS/m

conductivity

S/m

5-38

reluctance

H--l

5-39

permeance

5-44.1

impedance,

(complex

impedance)

MQ

kn

SL

mn

5-44.2

modulus of

impedance,

(impedance)

544.3

resistance

5-44.4

reactance

15

lo-n.m

=pn.rr

IS 10005:1994

IS0 -1000:1992

Item No.

n IS0 31:

1992

1

-45.1

SI unit

Quantity

2

admittance,

(complex

admittance)

i-45.2

modulus of

admittance,

(admittance)

i-45.3

conductance

i-45.4

susceptance

i-49

active power

Selaction

of

multiples

and submultiplas

of-the SI

unit

4

by the CIPM as having to ba

ratainrd, and for spatial cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

units used in special fields

kS

S

mS

ClS

TW

GW

MW

kW

(W), apparent power in volt amPeres (V - A) and reactive power

in vars (var).

W

mW

CIW

nW

i-52

TW.h

GW-h

active energy

TJ

MW-h

GJ

kW.h

MJ

W-h

1 W.h=

3,6 kJ

(exactly)

kJ

J

#art 6: Light and related electromagnetic

i-3

wavelength

radiations

A* (angstrom), I A

IO- nm = 10e4 pm

m

pm

nm

radiant

energy

6-10

radiant

power,

radiant

energy flux

radiant

intensity

W/sr

6-13

m =

l

Recognized by the CIPM for

temporary use.

pm

6-7

= IO-~

16

IS 10005:1994

IS0 1000:1992

item No.

n IS0 31:

1992

Quantity

Si unit

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

b14

radiance

W/(sr - m*)

i-15

radiant

exitance

W/m*

i-16

irradiance

W/m*

i-29

luminous

intensity

cd

(candela)

i-30

luminous

S-31

quantity

light

6-32

luminance

cd/m*

6-33

luminous

exitance

lm/m*

6-34

illuminance

flux

lx

(lux)

6-35

light

exposure

lx * s

636.1

luminous

efficacy

lm/W

Part7: Acoustics

s

ms

Ps

7-2

frequency

MHz

kHz

HZ

7-5

wavelength

m

mm

7-6

volumic

mass,

mass density,

density

Im - h

1 Im-h=

3 600 Im . s

(exactly)

of

period,

periodic time

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

units used in special fields

Im

(lumen)

Im - s

7-l

by the CiPM es heving to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinatfons with

SI units

kg/m3

IS 10005 : 1994

IS0 1000 : 1992

Hem No.

n IS0 31:

1992

1

-9.1

Quantity

SI unit

-3

2

static

pressure

Selection

of

multiples

end rubmultiples

of the SI

unit

by the CIPM as having to~be

retained, end for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

units used In special fields

Pa

mPa

PPa

r-9.2

(instantaneous)

sound

pressure

r-11

(i;;;;Tneous)

m/s

mm/s

particle

velocity

r-13

(instantaneous)

volume flow

rate

m3/.s

r-14.1

velocity of

sound

mls

1-16

sound power

kW

W

mW

FW

PW

r-17

sound

intensity

W/m*

mW/m*

pW/m*

pW/m*

7-18

acoustic

impedance

Pa ms/m3

.

mechanical

impedance

N - s/m

surface

_

density of

mechanical

impedance

Pa - s/m

dB.(decibel),

1 dB = 10-l B

IS 10005 : 1994

IS0

item No.

in IS0 31:

1992

SI unit

Quantity

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

by the CIPM as having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

1000 : 1992

units used in special fields

B

dB

7-28

sound

reduction

index

7-29

equivalent

absorption

area of a

surface or

object

m2

7-30

reverberation

time

8-7

molar

thermodynamic

energy

kJ/mol

J/mol

8-8

molar heat

capacity

J/(mol - K)

4-2.

8-9

molar entropy

J/(mol - K)

4-2.

813

concentration

of 8,

amount-ofsubstance

concentration

of B

8-18

8-39

mol/dm3

or

kmol/m3

mol/l

mol/m3

molality of

solute B

mol/kg

diffusion

coefficient

m*/s

mmol/kg

19

IS 10005 : 1994

IS0

1000 : 1992

tern No.

1 IS0 31:

1992

1

-41

SI unit

Quantity

by the CPM as having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations with

SI units

thermal

diffusion

coefficient

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

Unlts

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

units given in

column 5

units used in special fields

m2/s

I-28.2

mass defect

kg

tnified

atomic

mass unit),

1 uz

1,660 540 x

IO- kg

1-33

activity

Ci+ (curie),

1 Ci = 3.7 x IO Bq (exactly)

MBq

kBq

Bq

b-34

j-37

massic

activity,

specific

activity

l

Recognized by the CIPM for

temporary use.

MBq/kg

kBq/kg

Bqlkg

d

h

half-life

a (year)

For the hour and the day, see

item 1-7.

ms

art 10: Nuclear reactions and ionizing radiations

so-1

reaction

energy

J

GeV

WleV

keV

eV

(electronvolt),

1 eVk:

1,602 177 x

lo-J

10-51.2

absorbed

dose

rad* (rad),

1 rad = lo-

GY

mGy

Gy

temporary use.

lo-52

dose

equivalent

sv

rem* (rem),

1 rem = lo-

mSv

Sv

l

Recognized by the CIPM for

temporary use.

20

IS 10009: 1994

IS0 1000 : 1992,

ltem No.

in IS0 31:

SI unit

Quantity

1992

IO-58

exposure

Selection

of

multiples

and submultiples

of the SI

unit

by the CIPM as having to be

retained, and for special cases

some of their combinations wlth

SI unlta

Units

Multiples or

sub-multiples of

unlts.given In

column 5

units used in special fields

7

R (rontgen),

1 R = 2,58 x 10p4 C/kg (exactly)

C/kg

mC/kg

temporary use.

Part 12: Characteristic

12-1

12-8

numbers

Reynolds

number

Mach number

powers of 10 may be used, e.g.

Re= 1,32 x lo3

13-17

density of

states

item 1O-l.

eVi/m3

J-/m3

see

13-20

Hall

coefficient

m3iC

13-21

thermoelectromotive

force

Thomson

coefficient

V/K

gap energy

13-24

13-28.2

mV

4-2.

mV/K

item 1O-l.

fJ

aJ

see

eV

13-38.1

Curie

temperature

4-2.

I

21

IS lwo!5: 1994

IS0 1000.: 1992

Annex B

(informative)

Definitions of the base units of the international system of units

metre: The metre is the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of l/299 792 458

of a second.

[17th CGPM (1983), Resolution I]

kilogram: The kilogram is the unit of mass; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram.

[3rd CGPM (1901)]

second: The second is the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods-of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium-133 atom.

[13th CGPM (1967), Resolution l]

ampere: The ampere is that constant current which, if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite

length, of negligible circular cross-section, and placed 1 metre apart in vacuum, would produce between these

conductors a force equal to 2 x Leo_newton per metre of length.

[CIPM (1946), Resolution 2 approved by the 9th CGPM (1948)]

kelvin: The kelvin, unit of thermodynamic temperature, is the fraction l/273,16 of the thermodynamic temperature

of the triple point of water.

[13th CGPM (1967), Resolution 4)

NOTES

5 The 13th CGPM(1967, Resolution 3) also decided that the unit kelvin and its symbol K should be used to express an interval

or a difference of temperature.

6 In addition to the thermodynamic temperature (symbol T), expressed in kelvins, use is also made of Celsius temperature

(symbol r) defined by the equation t-T-To,

where TO= 273,15 K by definition. To express Celsius temperature, the unit

degree Celsius, which is equal to the unit kelvin, is used; in this case, degree Celsius is a special name used in place

of kelvin. An interval or difference of Celsius temperature can, however, be expressed in kelvins as well wasin degrees

Celsius.

mole: The mole is the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as there are

atoms in 0,012 kilograms of carbon-l 2. When the mole is used, the elementary entities must be specified -and

may be atoms, molecules, ions, electrons, other particles, or specified groups of such particles.

[14th CGPM (1971), Resolution 33

candela: The candela is the luminous intensity, in a given direction, of a source that emits monochromatic radiation

of frequency 540 x 1012 hertz and that has a radiant intensity in that direction of l/683 watt per steradian.

[16th CGPM (1979), Resolution 31

22

(Continued

corresponding

Indian Standard

Degree of

Equivalence

units and symbols: Part 6 Light and

related electromagnetic radiations

Technically

equivalent

units: Part 7 Acoustics (first revision)

Identical

units: Part 8 Physical chemistry and

molecular (first revision)

Identical

units: Part 9 Atomicand nuclear physics

(first revision)

Identical

IS0 31-10:

1992

units: Part 10 Nuclear reactions and

ionizing radiation (first revision)

Identical

ISl890(Pattll):

1994Quantitiesand

units: Part 11 Mathematical signs and

symbols for use in the physical science

and technology (second revision)

Identical

IS1890(Part12):1994Quantitiesand

units: Part 12 Characteristic number

(first revision)

Identical

units and symbols: Part 13 Solid state

physics

Technically

equivalent

and other units in systems

with

limited characteristics for information

processing

Identical

In term tional

Standard

) Under Revision.

Stumfurds Act, 1986 to promote

harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods

and attending to connected matters in the country.

Copyright

BIS has~the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form

without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use, in the course of

implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or grade designations.

Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications), BIS.

Review of Indian Standards

Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Standards are also

reviewed periodically; a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that

no changes are needed; if the review indicates that changes are needed, it is taken up for revision. Users

of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by

referring to the latest issue of BIS Handbook and Standards Monthly Additions.

This Indian Standard has been developed from Dot No. MSD 1(89)

Amendments

Amend No.

Text Affected

Date of Issue

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Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110002

Telephones : 3310131,33113

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