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U.S. Bicycling Participation Benchmarking Study Report Conducted by Breakaway Research Group Commissioned by

U.S. Bicycling Participation Benchmarking Study Report

Conducted by Breakaway Research Group Commissioned by PeopleForBikes Released March 2015

Benchmarking Study Report Conducted by Breakaway Research Group Commissioned by PeopleForBikes Released March 2015

This report is privileged and confidential information. This report is for you and your company’s private knowledge and may not be copied, published, reproduced, used or divulged to others in whole or in part without the express written consent of Breakaway Research Group.

The Breakaway Research Group name may not be used in any paid advertising in support of a product or service, or point of view without review and approval by Breakaway Research Group. Breakaway Research Group must review and approve all press releases and other documents prepared to assist in the public dissemination of all survey and research data. Breakaway Research Group will complete its review within 48 hours of receipt and usually within less than 24 hours. Contact Jennifer Boldry at 303-466-3811 or Jennifer.Boldry@breakawayresearchgroup.com.

within less than 24 hours. Contact Jennifer Boldry at 303-466-3811 or Jennifer.Boldry@breakawayresearchgroup.com. 2

2

Table of Contents

Advisory Board……………………………………………………….4

Background and ObjecHves…

Methodology……….…………………………………………………6 ExecuHve Summary…………………………………………………7 Detailed Findings

5

………………………………

Overall…………………………………………………………………………18 By Age…………………………………………………………………………31 By Gender and Region…………………………………………………40 By Income and Ethnicity………………………………………………49 By Bicyclist Type………………………………………………………… 58

•   By Bicyclist Type………………………………………………………… 58 3

3

Advisory Board

Special thanks go to the following for consulHng on methodology:

thanks go to the following for consulHng on methodology: •   Ralph Buehler: Associate Professor, Urban

Ralph Buehler: Associate Professor, Urban Affairs & Planning, Virginia Tech Charles Chancellor: Associate Professor, Department of Parks, RecreaHon, and Tourism Management, Clemson University Jennifer Dill: Professor, Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies & Planning, Portland State University Susan Handy: Professor, Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California at Davis Kevin Krizek: Professor, Programs in Environmental Design & Environmental Studies, University of Colorado Anne Lusk: Research ScienHst, Harvard School of Public Health Nancy McGuckin: Travel Behavior Analyst Chris Monsere: Associate Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Portland State University Elliot Rossen: ExecuHve Vice President, Market OpportuniHes and InnovaHon, GfK Consumer Experiences North America Dean Runyan: President, Dean Runyan and Associates Elaine Zanubo: Vice President of Methods and AnalyHcs, Naxion

4

Background and Objectives

PeopleForBikes works to get more people riding bikes more ocen. Accurate informaHon on bicycling parHcipaHon is essenHal in evaluaHng our overall work and the effecHveness of our key projects. Previous research on bicycling parHcipaHon has been hampered by a variety of methodological limitaHons (e.g., types of bicycling measured, context of parHcipaHon quesHons, etc.). This new parHcipaHon research, which was commissioned by PeopleForBikes and conducted by Breakaway Research Group, is designed to address these limitaHons and standardize how parHcipaHon in bicycling is measured and tracked over Hme.

parHcipaHon in bicycling is measured and tracked over Hme. •   Key project objecHves are as

Key project objecHves are as follows:

Provide a reliable staHsHcal metric for bicycling parHcipaHon among those ages 3+ in the U.S. Develop a methodological approach that can be applied in specific locaHons to quanHfy parHcipaHon and the impact of investments in infrastructure Track bicycling parHcipaHon rates over Hme to measure the return-on- investment of programs designed to increase parHcipaHon

5

Methodology

A 10-minute online survey was conducted in November/ December 2014

A total of 16,193 U.S. adults ages 18+ completed the survey Adults with children ages 3-17 in their homes also reported on a total of 8,858 children This sample provides an overall margin of error +/- less than 1% at a 95% level of confidence

Bicycling parHcipaHon was measured in the context of 10 acHviHes including leisure acHviHes, chores, and sports* The sample was weighted to represent the U.S. populaHon ages 3+ for gender, age, region, ethnicity, and income

To control for response bias, those who reported having visited a ficHonal website were terminated from the survey**

a ficHonal website were terminated from the survey** 6 *Research suggests that asking about a single

6

*Research suggests that asking about a single acHvity inflates reported parHcipaHon whereas asking about an acHvity like bicycling in the context of more than 25 other acHviHes arHficially reduces reported parHcipaHon. **Pre-test results revealed that 58% of those who report having visited a ficHonal website report having parHcipated in all acHviHes, compared to only 5% of those who didn’t report having visited a ficHonal website. These results indicate that the ficHonal website metric is an effecHve indicator of response bias.

Executive Summary

Executive Summary 7

7

Executive Summary

Thirty-four percent or 103.7 million Americans (ages 3 and older) rode a bicycle in the past year

 

Participating 1+ Days

Participating 6+ Days

 

%

# (in millions)

%

# (in millions)

All Bicycling

34%

103.7

24%

72.9

Of those who rode, about half rode twice a month or less ocen

those who rode, about half rode twice a month or less ocen   Bicycling Occasional (1-24)
 

Bicycling

Occasional (1-24)

54%

Moderate (25-103)

32%

Committed (104+)

14%

Mean

54.21

Median

20.00

8

Executive Summary

Thirty-two percent or 95.5 million Americans (ages 3 and older) rode a bicycle for recreaHon in the past year

 

Participating 1+ Days

Participating 6+ Days

 

%

# (in millions)

%

# (in millions)

Recreation

32%

95.5

21%

63.5

Of those who rode for recreaHon, nearly 60% rode twice a month or less ocen

for recreaHon, nearly 60% rode twice a month or less ocen   Recreation Occasional (1-24) 59%
 

Recreation

Occasional (1-24)

59%

Moderate (25-103)

31%

Committed (104+)

10%

Mean

43.20

Median

15.00

9

Executive Summary

Ficeen percent or 45.1 million Americans (ages 3 and older) rode

a bicycle for transportaHon in the past year

 

Participating 1+ Days

Participating 6+ Days

 

%

# (in millions)

%

# (in millions)

Transportation

15%

45.1

9%

27.1

Of those who rode for transportaHon, more than 60% rode twice

those who rode for transportaHon, more than 60% rode twice a month or less ocen  

a month or less ocen

 

Transportation

Occasional (1-24)

64%

Moderate (25-103)

25%

Committed (104+)

11%

Mean

40.23

Median

10.00

10

Executive Summary

Traveling to and from social events and running errands are the most common types of transportaHon trips

Americans (ages 3 and older) who rode for transportaHon took a median of two trips per week traveling to and from social events and one trip per week running errands

took a median of two trips per week traveling to and from social events and one

11

Executive Summary

Among Americans (ages 3 and older) who rode:

The median number of minutes spent riding per day was 30 (on a typical riding day)

Among Americans (ages 18 and older) who didn’t ride:

Only 12% have never ridden a bicycle Twenty-nine percent say they are likely to ride in the future Forty-four percent say they are unlikely to ride in the future

say they are likely to ride in the future •   Forty-four percent say they are

12

Executive Summary

Bicycling is perceived as a convenient way to travel and many adults say they would like to ride more ocen

Ficy-four percent report bicycling is convenient and 53% would like to ride more ocen

However, concerns about traffic pose a significant barrier

Ficy-two percent are worried about being hit by a motor vehicle

Improved infrastructure is a key component of safety

Forty-six percent of adults would be more likely to ride if bicycles were physically separated from cars Only 31% are saHsfied with the bike lanes, paths, and trails available to them Twenty-nine percent find it easy to connect bicycling with public transit

Availability of a working bicycle also poses a challenge

Availability of a working bicycle also poses a challenge •   Forty-eight percent of adults don’t

Forty-eight percent of adults don’t have a working bicycle in their household

13

Key Insights

Bicycling parHcipaHon is substanHally higher than previously esHmated

Discrepancies with previous research are likely to due methodological differences (see next slide)

 

Type of

Days Defining

Ages

Number of

Participation %

Participation #

Bicycling

Participation

activities

(in millions)

PeopleForBikes

           

Benchmark (2014)

All Types

1+

3+

10

34%

103.7

Physical Activity Council (PAC; 2014)

Recreation

1+

6+

120

16%

46.6

Best PFB

           

Comparison (2014)

Recreation

1+

6+

10

31%

88.6

National Sporting Goods Association (NSGA; 2014)

Recreation

6+

7+

50

12%

35.6

Best PFB

           

Comparison (2014)

Recreation

6+

7+

10

19%

55.6

Best PFB             Comparison (2014) Recreation 6+ 7+ 10 19% 55.6

14

Methodological Differentiators

Bicycling parHcipaHon is defined very broadly to include any type of riding that takes place outside

Including recreaHonal riding and riding for transportaHon

Bicycling parHcipaHon is measured in the context of 10 acHviHes

Research suggests that measuring bicycling parHcipaHon within the context of a single acHvity inflates esHmates of parHcipaHon and asking in the context of more than 25 acHviHes arHficially reduces esHmates

The list of acHviHes sets a broad cogniHve framework that includes leisure acHviHes, sports, transportaHon, and chores PosiHve response bias is controlled through reports of visits to a ficHonal website ParHcipaHon esHmates met criteria for external validaHon

ParHcipaHon esHmates met criteria for external validaHon •   The Pew Research Center esHmates 76% of

The Pew Research Center esHmates 76% of adults read at least one book in the past year In comparison, 74% of adults who completed this survey said that they read a book at least one day in the past year

15

Key Insights

Thirty percent of those who rode in the past year did so fewer than six days

These infrequent riders represent the best opportunity for increasing parHcipaHon frequency

Twenty-nine percent of adults rode a bicycle at least once in the past 12 months

Another 21% didn’t ride in the past year but intend to do so in the future

This group represents the best opportunity for increasing bicycling parHcipaHon

Thirty-one percent didn’t ride in the past year and are unlikely to ride in the future

ride in the past year and are unlikely to ride in the future •   These

These results are consistent with the Portland State University findings that 33% of the populaHon belong to the “no way no how” group (Geller, 2009)

16

Key Insights

More than half of Americans (ages 18 and older) would like to bicycle more ocen and perceive bicycling as a convenient mode of transportaHon

Concern about motor vehicle traffic is a key barrier that infrastructure improvements can address

Infrastructure improvements will have the biggest impact on underserved populaHons such as young adults, females, and non- whites

Availability of an operaHonal bicycle is also a key barrier suggesHng opportunity for bike-share programs, bike libraries, etc.

opportunity for bike-share programs, bike libraries, etc. •   Programs that increase access will have the

Programs that increase access will have the biggest impact on older adults, women, adults with low income, and Blacks

17

Detailed Findings: Overall

Detailed Findings: Overall 18

18

The key Jinding is located in this header

How to read slides in the detailed findings sec2ons

Data charts and tables are located in the middle of the slide

charts and tables are located in the middle of the slide QuesHon text and unweighted base

QuesHon text and unweighted base sizes are located in the footer

Related findings of interest are described in call- out boxes

19

Thirty-four percent of Americans ages 3+ rode a bicycle in the last year

Percent Participating at Least Once in the Past 12 Months

Watched T.V.

Consumed a beverage with caffeine

Read a book

Visited a social media website

Used any kind of public transportation

Ran or jogged outside

Visited a museum of any type

Worked at home after hours

85% 76% 75% 41% 40% 40% 39% 34%
85%
76%
75%
41%
40%
40%
39%
34%

96%

Twenty-four percent rode six or more days in the past year

Rode a bicycle
Rode a bicycle
rode six or more days in the past year Rode a bicycle Q1. In the past

Q1. In the past 12 months, how many days have you parHcipated in the following acHviHes? Base: All (25,051)

20

Of those who rode, 30% rode fewer than six days

Of those who rode, 30% rode fewer than six days Bicycling Frequency 30% 32% 14% 14%

Bicycling Frequency

30%
30%
rode, 30% rode fewer than six days Bicycling Frequency 30% 32% 14% 14% 3% 7% Q1.
32% 14%
32%
14%

14% 3% 7%

Q1. In the past 12 months, how many days have you parHcipated in the following acHviHes? Base: Those who rode a bicycle at least once in the past 12 months (11,233)

Rode 1-5 daysrode a bicycle at least once in the past 12 months (11,233) Rode 6-12 days Rode

Rode 6-12 daysat least once in the past 12 months (11,233) Rode 1-5 days Rode 13-18 days Rode

Rode 13-18 daysin the past 12 months (11,233) Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 19-24 days Rode

Rode 19-24 daysmonths (11,233) Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 25-103 days Rode 104+

Rode 25-103 daysmonths (11,233) Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24 days Rode 104+

Rode 104+ daysmonths (11,233) Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24 days Rode 25-103

Mean: 54.21 Median: 20.00

21

Of those who rode, most rode for recreation

Of those who rode, most rode for recreation RecreaHon Both 57% 36% TransportaHon 8% Q4. How
RecreaHon Both 57% 36%
RecreaHon
Both
57%
36%

TransportaHon

8%

Q4. How many of those days did you parHcipate in each of the following types of bicycling? Base: All (25,051)

22

Of those who rode for recreation, one- third rode six days or fewer

who rode for recreation, one- third rode six days or fewer Recreational Bicycling Frequency 33% 14%

Recreational Bicycling Frequency

33%

14%
14%
31% 10%
31%
10%

4% 7%

Rode 1-5 daysRecreational Bicycling Frequency 33% 14% 31% 10% 4% 7% Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode

Rode 6-12 daysBicycling Frequency 33% 14% 31% 10% 4% 7% Rode 1-5 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24

Rode 13-18 days33% 14% 31% 10% 4% 7% Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 19-24 days Rode

Rode 19-24 days31% 10% 4% 7% Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 25-103 days

Rode 25-103 daysRode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24 days Rode 104+ days Mean:

Rode 104+ days6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24 days Rode 25-103 days Mean: 43.20 Median: 15.00 Q4.

Mean: 43.20 Median: 15.00

Q4. How many of those days did you parHcipate in each of the following types of bicycling? Base: Those who ride for recreaHon (10,540)

23

Of those who rode for transportation, 40% rode six days or fewer

who rode for transportation, 40% rode six days or fewer Transportation Bicycling Frequency 40% 14% 25%

Transportation Bicycling Frequency

40%
40%
14%
14%
25% 11%
25%
11%

4% 6%

Rode 1-5 daysTransportation Bicycling Frequency 40% 14% 25% 11% 4% 6% Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode

Rode 6-12 daysBicycling Frequency 40% 14% 25% 11% 4% 6% Rode 1-5 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24

Rode 13-18 days40% 14% 25% 11% 4% 6% Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 19-24 days Rode

Rode 19-24 days25% 11% 4% 6% Rode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 25-103 days

Rode 25-103 daysRode 1-5 days Rode 6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24 days Rode 104+ days Mean:

Rode 104+ days6-12 days Rode 13-18 days Rode 19-24 days Rode 25-103 days Mean: 40.23 Median: 10.00 Q4.

Mean: 40.23 Median: 10.00

Q4. How many of those days did you parHcipate in each of the following types of bicycling? Base: Those who ride for transportaHon (4,478)

24

Riding to social events and running errands are the most common

Percent Participating in a Typical Week

are the most common Percent Participating in a Typical Week Traveling to and from social, recreation,

Traveling to and from social, recreation, or leisure activities

Running errands or shopping

Traveling to and from work or school

Traveling to and from public

transportation

Escorting children to and from school or daycare

Other type of transportation bicycling

46% 32% 19% 24%
46%
32%
19%
24%

63%

70%

Q5. During a typical week, how many of the following types of transportaHon-related bicycle trips/rides do you take? Base: Those who ride for transportaHon (4,478)

25

Eighty-eight percent of adults who didn’t ride in the past year have ridden

Ever Ridden a Bike

12% 88%
12%
88%
in the past year have ridden Ever Ridden a Bike 12% 88% Q12. Have you ever

Q12. Have you ever ridden a bicycle? Base: Adults 18+ who have not ridden a bicycle within the last 12 months (10,463)

YesHave you ever ridden a bicycle? Base: Adults 18+ who have not ridden a bicycle within

NoHave you ever ridden a bicycle? Base: Adults 18+ who have not ridden a bicycle within

26

Twenty-nine percent of those who didn’t ride this year intend to do so

Intent to Ride a Bicycle in the Future

27% 17% 26% 20% 9%
27%
17%
26%
20%
9%
to Ride a Bicycle in the Future 27% 17% 26% 20% 9% Extremely Unlikely Unlikely Neutral
to Ride a Bicycle in the Future 27% 17% 26% 20% 9% Extremely Unlikely Unlikely Neutral

Extremely Unlikely

in the Future 27% 17% 26% 20% 9% Extremely Unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Extremely Likely Q13.

Unlikely

Future 27% 17% 26% 20% 9% Extremely Unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Extremely Likely Q13. How likely

Neutral

27% 17% 26% 20% 9% Extremely Unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Extremely Likely Q13. How likely are

Likely

17% 26% 20% 9% Extremely Unlikely Unlikely Neutral Likely Extremely Likely Q13. How likely are you

Extremely Likely

Q13. How likely are you to ride a bicycle in the future? Base: Adults 18+ who have not ridden a bicycle within the last 12 months (10,463)

27

Nearly half of adults don’t have access to an operational bicycle

half of adults don’t have access to an operational bicycle Access to an Operational Bicycle 52%

Access to an Operational Bicycle

52%
52%
48%
48%

Q15. How many operaHonal adult bicycles does your household own? Base: Adults 18+ (16,193)

NoBicycle 52% 48% Q15. How many operaHonal adult bicycles does your household own? Base: Adults 18+

YesBicycle 52% 48% Q15. How many operaHonal adult bicycles does your household own? Base: Adults 18+

28

Bicycling is perceived as convenient but concern about trafJic is a barrier

Perceptions about Bicycling (% selecting 4 or 5)

Bicycling is a convenient way to get from one place to another

I would like to ride a bicycle more often

I worry about being hit by a motor vehicle when riding a bicycle in my area

I would be more likely to ride a bicycle if motor vehicles and bicycles were physically separated by a barrier

I am familiar with the bicycle lanes, paths, and trails in my area

I typically wear a helmet when I ride a bicycle

I worry about my personal safety when riding a bicycle in my area (e.g. being mugged, etc.)

I am satisfied with the number and condition of the bike lanes, paths, and trails in my area

It is easy to combine bicycling and public transit in my area

is easy to combine bicycling and public transit in my area I feel more safe riding

I feel more safe riding a bicycle now than I did five years ago

Q16. Please indicate how much you agree with the following statements. Base: Adults 18+ (16,193)

46% 45% 40% 35% 31% 29% 17%
46%
45%
40%
35%
31%
29%
17%

54%

53%

52%

29

Those who rode in the last year feel safer than those who didn’t relative to Jive years ago

Perceptions about Bicycling (% selecting 4 or 5)

44% 38% 43% 28% 38% 26% 37% 36% 34% 13%
44%
38%
43%
28%
38%
26%
37%
36%
34%
13%

I would like to ride a bicycle more often

Bicycling is a convenient way to get from one place to another

I am familiar with the bicycle lanes, paths, and trails in my area

I would be more likely to ride a bicycle if motor vehicles and bicycles were physically separated by a barrier

I worry about being hit by a motor vehicle when riding a bicycle in my area

I am satisfied with the number and condition of the bike lanes, paths, and trails in my area

It is easy to combine bicycling and public transit in my area

I worry about my personal safety when riding a bicycle in my area (e.g. being mugged, etc.)

when riding a bicycle in my area (e.g. being mugged, etc.) I feel more safe riding

I feel more safe riding a bicycle now than I did five years ago

50% 63% 63% 56% 51% 54% 29%
50%
63%
63%
56%
51%
54%
29%

74%

Non-Riders

Riders

44% of those who didn’t ride in the last year would like to do so more ocen

Q16. Please indicate how much you agree with the following statements. Base: Adults 18+ who rode a bicycle in the past 12 months (5,730)

30

Detailed Findings by Age

Detailed Findings by Age Throughout this secHon, green/red highlighHng indicates values that are staHsHcally higher/lower

Throughout this secHon, green/red highlighHng indicates values that are staHsHcally higher/lower than the total at a 95% level of confidence.

31

The percentage of people who rode declines by age

Q1. In the past 12 months, how many days have you participated in the following activities? Percent Summary

     

Age

 

Total

3 to 9

10 to 17

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

25051

4334

4524

3235

3232

3236

3249

3241

Ridden a bicycle

34%

60%

55%

42%

36%

32%

27%

19%

Watched T.V.

96%

94%

95%

94%

95%

95%

97%

97%

Worked at home after hours

39%

62%

93%

28%

38%

35%

31%

20%

Visited a social media website

75%

14%

70%

94%

92%

88%

81%

72%

Read a book

76%

74%

86%

83%

79%

73%

68%

72%

Ran or jogged outside

40%

59%

60%

68%

56%

39%

24%

15%

Used any kind of public transportation

41%

31%

41%

57%

47%

44%

39%

33%

Visited a museum of any type

40%

53%

52%

39%

44%

38%

30%

34%

Consumed a beverage with caffeine

85%

46%

73%

88%

91%

91%

92%

92%

44% 38% 30% 34% Consumed a beverage with caffeine 85% 46% 73% 88% 91% 91% 92%

32

Among those who rode, frequency declines with age

Q1. In the past 12 months, how many days have you participated in the following activities? Bicycling (base bicyclists)

     

Age

 

Total

3 to 9

10 to 17

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

11233

2814

2689

1488

1331

1195

1045

671

Ridden 1-5 days

30%

12%

17%

39%

40%

36%

36%

36%

Ridden 6-12 days

14%

12%

12%

13%

14%

16%

15%

14%

Ridden 13-18 days

3%

3%

4%

3%

4%

2%

3%

5%

Ridden 19-24 days

7%

9%

7%

8%

7%

7%

8%

3%

Ridden 25-103 days

32%

44%

39%

28%

26%

28%

26%

28%

Ridden 104+ days

14%

21%

20%

10%

9%

10%

12%

14%

39% 28% 26% 28% 26% 28% Ridden 104+ days 14% 21% 20% 10% 9% 10% 12%

33

Participation in recreational and transportation riding declines with age

Q4. How many of those days did you participate in each of the following types of bicycling? Base All

 
     

Age

 

Total

3 to 9

10 to 17

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

25051

4334

4524

3235

3232

3236

3249

3241

Recreational riders 1+

32%

59%

51%

36%

32%

29%

24%

17%

Transportation riders 1+

15%

11%

25%

27%

19%

16%

12%

7%

36% 32% 29% 24% 17% Transportation riders 1+ 15% 11% 25% 27% 19% 16% 12% 7%

34

Among those who rode for recreation, frequency declines with age

Q4. How many of those days did you participate in each of the following types of bicycling? Recreation Riding (base recreational bicyclists)

     

Age

 

Total

3 to 9

10 to 17

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

10540

2788

2506

1313

1219

1111

974

629

Ridden 1-5 days

33%

14%

21%

47%

46%

39%

40%

38%

Ridden 6-12 days

14%

11%

13%

16%

15%

16%

15%

16%

Ridden 13-18 days

4%

4%

4%

4%

5%

6%

3%

5%

Ridden 19-24 days

7%

9%

8%

7%

5%

6%

8%

4%

Ridden 25-103 days

31%

43%

39%

21%

24%

27%

26%

28%

Ridden 104+ days

10%

20%

15%

6%

5%

6%

7%

9%

43% 39% 21% 24% 27% 26% 28% Ridden 104+ days 10% 20% 15% 6% 5% 6%

35

Those 25 to 34 are particularly infrequent transportation riders

Q4. How many of those days did you participate in each of the following types of bicycling? Transportation Riding (base transportation bicyclists)

     

Age

 

Total

3 to 9

10 to 17

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

4478

518

1304

882

637

518

390

229

Ridden 1-5 days

40%

41%

29%

41%

46%

43%

38%

41%

Ridden 6-12 days

14%

18%

14%

13%

13%

14%

17%

15%

Ridden 13-18 days

4%

6%

4%

4%

5%

5%

5%

2%

Ridden 19-24 days

6%

6%

7%

4%

6%

6%

5%

7%

Ridden 25-103 days

25%

23%

32%

28%

21%

21%

24%

21%

Ridden 104+ days

11%

7%

13%

10%

9%

11%

11%

14%

32% 28% 21% 21% 24% 21% Ridden 104+ days 11% 7% 13% 10% 9% 11% 11%

36

Older transportation riders are most likely to run errands by bike

Q5. During a typical week, how many of the following types of transportation-related bicycle trips/rides do you take? Percent Summary

     

Age

 

Total

3 to 9

10 to 17

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

4478

518

1304

882

637

518

390

229

Traveling to and from work or school

46%

55%

49%

62%

52%

40%

33%

23%

Traveling to and from public transportation

32%

43%

29%

40%

39%

33%

27%

14%

Escorting children to and from school or daycare

19%

41%

23%

20%

19%

20%

10%

9%

Running errands or shopping

63%

47%

50%

63%

67%

68%

73%

70%

Traveling to and from social, recreation, or leisure activities

70%

81%

82%

71%

68%

66%

62%

60%

Other type of transportation bicycling

24%

27%

21%

23%

20%

25%

24%

31%

66% 62% 60% Other type of transportation bicycling 24% 27% 21% 23% 20% 25% 24% 31%

37

Young adults who didn’t ride are least likely to have ever ridden a bike

However, young adults who didn’t ride in the past year are more likely to intend to ride in the future than their older counterparts

Q12. Have you ever ridden a bicycle?

 
     

Age

 

Total

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

10463

1747

1901

2041

2204

2570

Yes

88%

85%

85%

87%

89%

89%

No

12%

15%

15%

13%

11%

11%

Q13. How likely are you to ride a bicycle in the future?

 
     

Age

 

Total

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

10463

1747

1901

2041

2204

2570

Extremely Unlikely

27%

16%

15%

19%

24%

39%

Unlikely

17%

16%

13%

13%

17%

20%

Neutral

26%

33%

28%

32%

28%

21%

Likely

20%

22%

26%

26%

22%

15%

Extremely Likely

9%

14%

18%

10%

9%

5%

Topbox

30%

36%

44%

36%

30%

19%

15% Extremely Likely 9% 14% 18% 10% 9% 5% Topbox 30% 36% 44% 36% 30% 19%

38

Infrastructure is most likely to impact young adults

Q16. Please indicate how much you agree with the following statements. Topbox Summary

 
     

Age

 

Total

18 to 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

55+

Unweighted Base

16193

3235

3232

3236

3249

3241

Bicycling is a convenient way to get from one place to another

54%

55%

54%

52%

57%

52%

I worry about being hit by a motor vehicle when riding a bicycle in my area

52%

50%

53%

53%

54%

51%

I am familiar with the bicycle lanes, paths, and trails in my area

45%

46%

44%

44%

46%

44%

am satisfied with the number and condition of the bike lanes, paths, and trails in my area

I

31%

32%

32%

28%

30%

31%

worry about my personal safety when riding a bicycle in my area (e.g. being mugged, etc.)

I

35%

38%

37%

38%

37%

31%

It is easy to combine bicycling and public transit in my area

29%

35%

32%

30%

29%

24%

I

would like to ride a bicycle more often

53%

55%

61%

59%

55%

44%

would be more likely to ride a bicycle if motor vehicles and bicycles were physically separated by a barrier

I

46%

50%

53%

49%

47%

40%

I feel more safe riding a bicycle now than I did five years ago

17%

29%

25%

19%

15%

10%

I typically wear a helmet when I ride a bicycle

40%

31%

45%

39%

39%

43%

25% 19% 15% 10% I typically wear a helmet when I ride a bicycle 40% 31%

39

Detailed Findings by Gender and Region

Detailed Findings by Gender and Region 40 Throughout this secHon, green/red highlighHng indicates values that are

40

Throughout this secHon, green/red highlighHng indicates values that are staHsHcally higher/lower than the total at a 95% level of confidence.

The percentage of people who rode is highest among men

Q1. In the past 12 months, how many days have you participated in the following activities? Percent Summary

   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

25051

12684

12367

6067

6489

6331

6164

Ridden a bicycle

34%

39%

30%

30%

36%

34%

37%

Watched T.V.

96%

95%

96%

96%

96%

96%

95%

Worked at home after hours

39%

42%

36%

36%

35%

42%

39%

Visited a social media website

75%

71%

78%

76%

77%

72%

75%

Read a book

76%

70%

81%

76%

74%

75%

78%

Ran or jogged outside

40%

44%

36%

36%

34%

43%

44%

Used any kind of public transportation

41%

42%

39%

56%

34%

35%

44%

Visited a museum of any type

40%

39%

40%

41%

38%

38%

42%

Consumed a beverage with caffeine

85%

84%

86%

85%

88%

84%

84%

40% 41% 38% 38% 42% Consumed a beverage with caffeine 85% 84% 86% 85% 88% 84%

41

Among those who rode, frequency is highest in the South

Q1. In the past 12 months, how many days have you participated in the following activities? Bicycling (base bicyclists)

   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

11233

6234

4999

2658

3177

2583

2815

Ridden 1-5 days

30%

27%

33%

32%

28%

27%

33%

Ridden 6-12 days

14%

13%

14%

14%

14%

13%

15%

Ridden 13-18 days

3%

3%

3%

4%

4%

3%

3%

Ridden 19-24 days

7%

7%

7%

7%

8%

7%

6%

Ridden 25-103 days

32%

33%

30%

32%

34%

33%

29%

Ridden 104+ days

14%

16%

12%

11%

12%

17%

14%

32% 33% 30% 32% 34% 33% 29% Ridden 104+ days 14% 16% 12% 11% 12% 17%

42

Participation is highest among men for both transportation and recreation

Q4. How many of those days did you participate in each of the following types of bicycling? Base All

   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

25051

12684

12367

6067

6489

6331

6164

Recreational riders 1+

32%

36%

28%

28%

33%

32%

33%

Transportation riders 1+

15%

19%

11%

13%

18%

12%

18%

36% 28% 28% 33% 32% 33% Transportation riders 1+ 15% 19% 11% 13% 18% 12% 18%

43

Among those who rode for recreation, frequency is highest in the South

Q4. How many of those days did you participate in each of the following types of bicycling? Recreation Riding (base recreational bicyclists)

   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

10540

5783

4757

2508

2983

2453

2596

Ridden 1-5 days

33%

31%

36%

35%

33%

30%

38%

Ridden 6-12 days

14%

14%

15%

16%

15%

13%

16%

Ridden 13-18 days

4%

4%

4%

4%

5%

4%

4%

Ridden 19-24 days

7%

7%

7%

6%

8%

7%

6%

Ridden 25-103 days

31%

32%

29%

31%

31%

33%

27%

Ridden 104+ days

10%

11%

9%

8%

8%

14%

9%

days 31% 32% 29% 31% 31% 33% 27% Ridden 104+ days 10% 11% 9% 8% 8%

44

The frequency of transportation riding is highest among men

Q4. How many of those days did you participate in each of the following types of bicycling? Transportation Riding (base transportation bicyclists)

   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

4478

2824

1654

1015

1324

898

1241

Ridden 1-5 days

40%

36%

45%

38%

38%

42%

40%

Ridden 6-12 days

14%

15%

14%

16%

14%

13%

15%

Ridden 13-18 days

4%

4%

5%

5%

4%

4%

4%

Ridden 19-24 days

6%

7%

5%

6%

7%

6%

5%

Ridden 25-103 days

25%

27%

22%

28%

25%

23%

25%

Ridden 104+ days

11%

12%

9%

7%

11%

12%

11%

25% 27% 22% 28% 25% 23% 25% Ridden 104+ days 11% 12% 9% 7% 11% 12%

45

Those in the West are especially likely to use a bike for commuting

Q5. During a typical week, how many of the following types of transportation-related bicycle trips/rides do you take? Percent Summary

   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

4478

2824

1654

1015

1324

898

1241

Traveling to and from work or school

46%

47%

45%

46%

42%

45%

51%

Traveling to and from public transportation

32%

33%

31%

36%

28%

32%

35%

Escorting children to and from school or daycare

19%

19%

19%

19%

16%

21%

20%

Running errands or shopping

63%

66%

58%

65%

65%

60%

64%

Traveling to and from social, recreation, or leisure activities

70%

71%

68%

73%

69%

70%

70%

Other type of transportation bicycling

24%

24%

23%

25%

22%

26%

23%

73% 69% 70% 70% Other type of transportation bicycling 24% 24% 23% 25% 22% 26% 23%

46

Those in the Northeast are least likely to have ever ridden a bike

Those in the Northeast and Midwest who didn’t ride are less likely to intend to ride in the future than those in other regions

Q12. Have you ever ridden a bicycle?

 
   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

10463

4787

5676

2683

2473

2788

2519

Yes

88%

88%

87%

84%

90%

88%

88%

No

12%

12%

13%

16%

10%

12%

12%

88% No 12% 12% 13% 16% 10% 12% 12% Q13. How likely are you to ride

Q13. How likely are you to ride a bicycle in the future?

 
   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

10463

4787

5676

2683

2473

2788

2519

Extremely Unlikely

27%

23%

30%

30%

29%

25%

26%

Unlikely

17%

18%

16%

18%

16%

16%

18%

Neutral

26%

27%

26%

24%

25%

27%

28%

Likely

20%

21%

20%

18%

21%

22%

19%

Extremely Likely

9%

10%

9%

9%

9%

10%

10%

Topbox

30%

31%

29%

28%

30%

31%

29%

47

Infrastructure is a particular challenge for females and those in the South

Q16. Please indicate how much you agree with the following statements. Topbox Summary

 
   

Gender

 

Region

 
 

Total

Male

Female

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Unweighted Base

16193

8092

8101

4061

4061

4036

4035

Bicycling is a convenient way to get from one place to another

54%

55%

53%

53%

54%

53%

55%

worry about being hit by a motor vehicle when riding a bicycle in my area

I

52%

49%

54%

50%

46%

56%

54%

I

am familiar with the bicycle lanes, paths, and trails in my

45%

49%

41%

41%

46%

43%

50%

area

am satisfied with the number and condition of the bike lanes, paths, and trails in my area

I