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FALL 2015

MBA Semester 2
Q1. Explain the liquidity decisions and its important elements. Write complete
information on dividend decisions.
Liquidity decisions
The liquidity decision is concerned with the management of the current assets, which is a
pre-requisite to long-term success of any business firm.This is also called as working capital
decision. The main objective of the current assets management is the trade-off between
profitability and liquidity, and there is a conflict between these two concepts. If a firm does

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Q2. Explain about the doubling period and present value. Solve the below given
Under the ABC Banks Cash Multiplier Scheme, deposits can be made for periods
ranging from 3 months to 5 years and for every quarter, interest is added to the
principal. The applicable rate of interest is 9% for deposits less than 23 months and
10% for periods more than 24 months. What will be the amount of Rs. 1000 after 2
Doubling period
A very common question arising in the minds of an investor is how long will it take for the
amount invested to double for a given rate of interest. There are 2 ways of answering this
1. One way is to answer it by a rule known as rule of 72. This rule states that the period Get

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Q3. Write short notes on:

a) Operating Leverage
b) Financial leverage
c) Combined leverage
a) Operating Leverage
Operating leverage arises due to the presence of fixed operating expenses in the firms
income flows. It has a close relationship to business risk. Operating leverage affects

business risk factors, which can be viewed as the uncertainty inherent in estimates of future
operating income.

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Q4. Explain the factors affecting Capital Structure. Solve the below given problem:
Given below are two firms, A and B, which are identical in all aspects except the
degree of leverage employed by them. What is the average cost of capital of both
Details of Firms A and B

Net operating income EBIT

Interest on debentures I
Equity earnings E
Cost of equity Ke
Cost of debentures Kd
Market value of equity S =
Market value of debt B
Total value of firm V

Firm A
Rs 1,00,000
Rs. 1, 00, 000
Rs. 6, 66, 667

Firm B
Rs 1,00,000
Rs 25,000
Rs. 75, 000
Rs. 5,00, 000

Rs. 6, 66, 667

Rs. 2, 50, 000

Rs. 7, 50, 000

Factors Affecting Capital Structure

Capital structure should be planned at the time a company is promoted. The initial capital
structure should be designed very carefully. The management of the company should set a
target capital structure, and the subsequent financing decisions should be made with a view

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Q5. Explain all the sources of risk in capital budgeting with examples.
Solve the below given problem:
An investment will have an initial outlay of Rs 100,000. It is expected to generate cash
inflows. Cash inflow for four years.

Cash Inflow

If the risk free rate and the risk premium is 10%,

a) Compute the NPV using the risk free rate
b) Compute NPV using risk-adjusted discount rate.

Sources of risk
The five different sources of risk are:

Project-specific risk

Competitive or competition risk

Industry-specific risk

International risk

Market risk

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Q6. Explain the objectives of Cash Management. Write about the Baumol model with
their assumptions.
Objectives of Cash Management
The major objectives of cash management in a firm are:

Meeting payments schedule

Minimizing funds held in the form of cash balances

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