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ElecctricalEnggineering:EExercise:1

1
1.

In the circuit shown


s
below what is the outtput voltagge (Vout) in
n Volts if a
a silicon
transsistorQandanidealopamparreused?

a)15

2.

Thettransferfunction

b)0.7
7

c)+0.7

d)+15

V2 ( s )
oftheccircuitshownbelowis
V2 ( s )

a)

0.55s + 1

s +1

b)

3s + 6

s+2

c)

s+2

s +1

d)

s +1

s+2

3.

ming zero initial con


ndition, the responsee y(t) of the system
m given bellow to a
Assum
unitsstepinputu(t)is

t2
c) u (t )
2

d)etu(t)

a)u(tt)

4.

Theimpulseressponseofasystemissh(t)=tu(t).Foran
ninputu(t1),theoutputis

t2
a) u (t )
2

(t 1) 2
c)
1
u (t 1)
2

5.

Whicchoneoftthefollowingstatem
mentsisNO
OTTRUEforacontin
nuoustimecausal

b)tu(tt)

t (t 1)
u (t 1)
2

b)

t2 1
d)
u (t 1)
2

andsstableLTIssystem?

a) Allthepole
A
esofthesyystemmustlieontheeleftsideo
ofthecoaaxis.

b) Zerosofthe
esystemcanlieanyw
whereinth
hesplane.

A
esmustliewithin|s|=1.
c) Allthepole

d) Alltheroot
A
tsofthecharacteristicequatio
onmustbeelocated onthelefttsideof
th
hejaxis.

6.

Twosystemsw
withimpulseresponseesh1(t)andh2(t)areconnected
dincascad
de.Then
theo
overallimpulserespo
onseoftheecascadedsystemisgivenby

a)pro
oductofh1(t)andh2(t)

ndh2(t)
b)sumofh1(t)an

c)con
nvolutiono
ofh1(t)and
dh2(t)

d)subtrractionofh2(t)fromh1(t)

7.

A source vs(t) = V cos100t has an internal impedance of (4 + j3). If a purely


resistiveloadconnectedtothissourcehastoextractthemaximumpoweroutof
thesource,itsvalueinshouldbe

a)3

b)4

c)5

d)7

8.

A singlephase load is supplied by a singlephase voltage source. If the current


flowingfromtheloadtothesourceis10150Aandifthevoltageattheload
terminalsis10060V,thenthe

a)loadabsorbsrealpoweranddeliversreactivepower.

b)loadabsorbsrealpowerandabsorbsreactivepower.

c)loaddeliversrealpoweranddeliversreactivepower.

d)loaddeliversrealpowerandabsorbsreactivepower.

9.

A singlephase transformer has noload loss of 64 W, as obtained from an open


circuit test. When a shortcircuit test is performed on it with 90% of the rated
currents flowing in its both LV and HV windings, the measured loss is 81 W. The
transformerhasmaximumefficiencywhenoperatedat

a)50.0%oftheratedcurrent.

b)64.0%oftheratedcurrent.

c)80.0%oftheratedcurrent.

d)88.8%oftheratedcurrent.

10.

ThefluxdensityatapointinspaceisgivenbyB=4xax+2kyay+8azWb/m2.The
valueofconstantkmustbeequalto

a)2

b)0.5

c)+0.5

d)+2

11.

ntinuousraandomvariableXhaasaprobabilitydenssityfunctio
onf(x)=ex ,0<x<
Acon
.Th
henP{X>1
1}is

b)0.5

a)0.3
368

2
c)0.632

d)1.0

12.

Theccurlofthegradiento
ofthescalaarfielddefinedbyV==2x2y+3yy2z+4z2xiss

a)4xyyax+6yzaay+8zxaz

b)4ax+6ay+8aaz

c)(4xxy+4z2)ax+(2x2+6yyz)ay+(3y2+8zx)az

d)0

13.

Inthefeedbacknetworkkshownbeelow,ifthefeedbackfactork isincreaseed,then
the

a)inp
putimpedaanceincreasesando
outputimp
pedancedeecreases.

b)inp
putimpedaanceincreasesando
outputimp
pedancealssoincreasees.

c)inp
putimpedaancedecreeasesando
outputimp
pedanceallsodecreasses.

d)inp
putimpedaancedecreeasesando
outputimp
pedancein
ncreases.

14.

edanceof the permaanent maggnetmovin


ngcoil (PM
MMC)voltmeteris
Theiinput impe
infinite.Assumingthatth
hediodesh
howninth
hefigureb
belowisideeal,thereadingof
thevvoltmeterinVoltsis

b)3.15
5

a)4.4
46

c)2.23

d)0

15.

TheB
Bodeploto
ofatransfeerfunction
nG(s)issh
howninthefigurebeelow.

Theggain(20logg|G(s)|)iss32dBand8dBat1rad/san
nd10rad/ssrespectivvely.The
phaseeisnegativveforall
.ThenG(ss)is

a)

399.8

b)

39.8

s2

c)

32

d)

32

s2

16.

hes,onesw
witchbeinggatthegro
oundfloorandthe
Abullbinastairrcasehasttwoswitch
otherroneatth
hefirstfloo
or.ThebullbcanbetturnedONandalsoccanbeturnedOFF
byan
nyoneoftheswitcheesirrespecctiveoftheestateoftheotherswitch.Theelogicof
switcchingofthe
ebulbreseembles

a)anANDgate

b)aanORgate

c)anXORgate

d)aaNANDgatte

17.

a periodic signal v(tt) = 30 sin


n100t + 10cos
1
300tt + 6 sin (500t + /4),

the
For a
fundaamentalfrrequencyin
nrad/sis

a)100

b)300
0

c)500

18.

d signal with
w
a maxximum freequency of
o 5 kHz is to be sampled.
s
A baandlimited

d)1500

According to th
he samplin
ng theorem
m, the sam
mpling frequency in kHz whicch is not
validis
b)12

c)15

d)20

a)5

19.

Consider a delta connecction of resistors and its equ


uivalent sttar connection as

show
wnbelow.IIfallelemeentsoftheedeltacon
nnectionarrescaledb
byafactork,k>0,
theeelementsofthecorreespondingstarequivalentwillb
bescaledb
byafactorof

a)k2

20.

Theaangledinttheswingeequationo
ofasynchronousgen
neratoristhe

a) Anglebetw
A
weenstatorrvoltageandcurrentt.

b)k

c)1/k

d) k

Angulardisplacementtoftherottorwithreespecttoth
hestator.
b) A

c) Angular
A
dissplacemen
nt of the stator mm
mf with respect
r
to
o a synchrronously
ro
otatingaxiis.

d) Angular
A
displacemen
nt of an axis fixed to the rotor with respecct to a
syynchronou
uslyrotatin
ngaxis.

21.

Leakaagefluxinaninductiionmotoris

a)Flu
uxthatleakksthrough
hthemach
hine

b)Flu
uxthatlinkksbothstatorandrotorwindin
ngs

c)Flu
uxthatlinkksnoneoftthewindin
ngs

d)Flu
uxthatlinkksthestato
orwindinggortherottorwindinggbutnotb
both

22.

Threee moving iron type voltmeteers are connected as


a shown below. Vo
oltmeter
readiings V, V1 and V2, as
a indicateed. The correct relaation amo
ong the vo
oltmeter
readiingsis

V1

a) V =

c)V=V1V2

23.

Squarerootofi,where i = 1 ,are

V2

b)V
V=V1+V2

d)V
V=V2V1

a)i,i



3
3
b) cos + i sin ,cos + i sin
4
4
4
4

3
3

c) cos + i sin ,cos + i sin


4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
d) cos + i sin ,cos + i sin
4
4
4
4

24.

GivenavectorfieldF=y2xaxyzayx2az,thelineintegral F d1evaluatedalong
asegmentonthexaxisfromx=1tox=2is

a)2.33

b)0

25.

2 2 x1 0
Theequation
= has
1 1 x2 0

a)nosolution

c)Nonzerouniquesolution

26.

A strain gauge forms one arm of the bridge shown in the figure below and has a

c)2.33

d)7

x 0
b)onlyonesolution 1 =
x2 0

d)multiplesolutions

nominalresistancewithoutanyloadasRs=300 .OtherbridgeresistancesareR1
=R2=R3=300.Themaximumpermissiblecurrentthroughthestraingaugeis20
mA. During certain measurement when the bridge is excited by maximum
permissible voltage and the strain gauge resistance is increased by 1% over the
nominalvalue,theoutputvoltageV0inmVis


27.

Intheecircuitsh
hownbelo
ow,thekneeecurrentoftheideealZenerd
diodeis10
0mA.To
maintain 5V accross RL, the
t minimum value of RL in
and thee minimum
m power
ratinggoftheZe
enerdiodeinmWresspectivelyare

a)125and125

b)1
125and25
50

c)250and125

d)2
250and25
50

28.

transfer function
o
f
o a dc mo
of
otor is giveen as
The openloop

( s )
10
=
. When
Va ( s) 1 + 10s

connected in feedback
f
a shown below, th
as
he approximate valu
ue of Ka that
t
will
reducce the tim
me constan
nt of the closed loo
op system
m by one hundred times
t
as
comp
paredtoth
hatoftheo
openloopsystemis

a)1

b)5

c)10

d)100

29.

In th
he circuit shown
s
below, if thee source voltage
v
VS = 1005
53.13 V then the
TheveninsequivalentvoltageinVo
oltsasseen
nbytheloadresistan
nceRLis

c)8000

c)800
90

a)10090

30.

ThreeecapacitorsC1,C2,aandC3whosevaluessare10FF,5F,and
d2Frespectively,

d)10060

have breakdow
wnvoltagessof10V,5
5V,and2V
Vrespectivvely.Forth
heintercon
nnection
show
wn, the maximum
m
s
safe
voltaage in Vo
olts that can
c
be ap
pplied acrross the
comb
bination and the co
orrespondiing total charge
c
in C stored
d in the effective
e
capaccitanceacrrosstheteerminalsarrerespectivvely

a)2.8
8and36

b)7and119 c)2.8aand32

d)7and80

31.

Avoltage1000sintVoltsisapplieedacrossYYZ.Assumingideald
diodes,theevoltage
meassuredacrossWXinV
Voltsis

b)(sint+|siint|)/2

a)sin
nt

c)(sin
nt|sin
nt|)/2

32.

Thesseparately exciteddccmotorin
nthefigureebelowhasaratedarmaturecurrent

d)0
0forallt

of20
0Aandaratedarmaturevoltaggeof150V
V.Anidealchopperswitchingat5kHz
is used to con
ntrol the armature
a
voltage. Iff La = 0.1 mH, Ra =
= 1 , neeglecting
armaaturereacttion,thedu
utyratioo
ofthechop
ppertoobttain50%o
oftherated
dtorque
attheeratedspe
eedandth
heratedfieeldcurrenttis

a)0.4
4

33.

Foraapowersyystemnetw
workwith nnodes,ZZ33ofitsb
busimpedaancematrixisj0.5

b)0.5

c)0.6

d)0.7

per unit.
u
The voltage att node 3 is 1.3
10 per unit. If a
a capacitorr having
reacttanceof j3.5perunitisnow addedto thenetwo
orkbetweeennode3 andthe
referencenode
e,thecurreentdrawnbythecap
pacitorperrunitis

a)0.325100

b)0.32580

c)0.371100

d)0.43380

34.

A dielectric slab with 500 mm 500 mm crosssection is 0.4 m long. The slab is
subjected to a uniform electric field of E = 6ax + 8ay kV/mm. The relative
permittivityofthedielectricmaterialisequalto2.Thevalueofconstant0is8.85
1012F/m.TheenergystoredinthedielectricinJoulesis

a)8.851011

35.

1
Amatrixhaseigenvalues1and2.Thecorrespondingeigenvectorsare and
1

b)8.85105

c)88.5

d)885

1
2 respectively.Thematrixis

2
1
b)

2 4

1 1
a)

1 2

1 0
c)

0 2

0 1
d)

2 3

36.

z2 4
v z 2 + 4 dz Evaluatedanticlockwisearoundthecircle|zi|=2,where i = 1 ,is

a)4

37.

Theclockfrequencyappliedtothedigitalcircuitshowninthefigurebelowis1kHz.

b)0

c)2+

d)2+2i

IftheinitialstateoftheoutputQoftheflipflopis0,thenthefrequencyofthe
outputwaveformQinkHzis

a)0.2
25

b)0.5

c)1

d)2

38.

Intheecircuitsh
hownbelow
w,Q1hasn
negligibleccollectortoemittersaturation
nvoltage
andtthedioded
dropsneglligiblevoltageacrosssitunderfforwardbiias.IfVcciss+5V,X
and Y
Y are digittal signals with 0 V as logic 0 and Vcc as
a logic 1, then the Boolean
expreessionforZZis

Y
b) XY

c) XY

d) XY

a)XYY

39.

Intheecircuitsh
hownbelow
wtheopaampsareid
deal.ThenVoutinVoltsis

a)4

b)6

c)8

d)10

40.

The signal
s
flow
w graph forr a system
m is given below.
b
Thee transfer function
thisssystemis

a)

s +1

5ss + 6 s + 2

b)

s +1

s + 6s + 2

c)

s +1

s 2 + 4s + 2

d)

5s 2 + 6 s + 2

Y ( s)
for
U ( s)

41.

Theimpulseresponseof acontinuo
oustimesyystemisgivenbyh(tt)=(t1
1)+(t
3).Th
hevalueoffthesteprresponseaatt=2is

a)0

b)1

42.

Two magneticaallyuncoup
pledinducttivecoilsh
haveQfactorsq1and
dq2attheechosen

c)2

d)3

operaatingfrequ
uency.Theeirrespectiiveresistan
ncesareR1andR2.W
Whenconn
nectedin
series,theirefffectiveQfaactorattheesameoperatingfreequencyis

a)q1R1+q2R2

c)(q1R1+q2R2)/(R1+R2)d)q1R2+q
q2R1

43.

arrangemeent consissts of an ideal transformer and


The following
f
a
an atttenuator

b)q
q1/R1+q2 /R2

which
hattenuattesbyafacctorof0.8.AnacvolltageVWX1 =100VisappliedaccrossWX
to geet an open
n circuit voltage VYZ1 across YZ.
Y Next, an
a ac voltaage VYZ2 = 100V is
appliedacross YZtoget anopencircuitvoltaageVWX2aacrossWX.Then,VYZ1/VWX1,
VWX2/VYZ2arerrespectively,

d80/100
a)125/100and

b)1
100/100an
nd80/100

c)100/100and100/100

d)8
80/100and
d80/100

44.

belowisin
nitiallyoff andistrigggeredwithasingle pulseof
ThyristorTinthefigureb

1
100
100
L=
h 10 s. Itt is given that
t
A
latching
width
H aand C =
H . Assuming

and holding
h
cu
urrents of the thyristtor are bo
oth zero an
nd the inittial chargee on C is
zero,Tconducttsfor

s
b)50

c)100
s

a)10s

d)200s

45.

pole inducction moto


or, supplieed by a slightly unb
balanced threephase 50 Hz
A 4p
sourcce, is rotaating at 14
440 rpm. The electrrical frequ
uency in Hz
H of the induced
negattiveseque
encecurren
ntinthero
otoris

a)100

46.

Afun
nctiony= 5x2+10x isdefined overano
openintervvalx=(1, 2).Atleasstatone

b)98

pointtinthisintterval,

c)52

d)48

dy
isexactly
dx

a)20

47.

When
ntheNew
wtonRaphssonmethodisapplieedtosolvetheequattionf(x)=xx3+2x

b)25

c)30

d)35

1=0,thesolutionattheendoftheefirstiteraationwithttheinitialgguessvalueasx0=
1.2iss

a)0..82

9
b)0.49

c)0.705
5

d)1.69

C
Common
DataQue
estions
C
CommonD
DataforQu
uestions48
8and49:
In
n the figurre shown below, the chopperr feeds a resistive load from a battery source.
isswitchedat250kHz,withadutyratio
M
MOSFETQ
oof0.4.Alllelementssofthecirrcuitare
assumedto
obeideal.

48.

TheaaveragesourcecurreentinAmpsinsteadyystateis

a)3/2
2

49.

TheP
PEAKTOPEAKsourcecurrentrrippleinAm
mpsis

a)0.9
96

b)5/3

c)5/2

44
b)0.14

c)0.192
2

d)15/4

d)0.288

C
CommonD
DataforQu
uestions50
0and51:
Thestatevaariableformulationo
ofasystem
misgivenaas
x1 2 0 x1 1
x = 0 1 x + 1 u ,
2
2

x
x1 (0) = 0, x2 (0) = 0 and
a y = [1 0] 1
x2

50.

Thessystemis

a)Co
ontrollablebutnotob
bservable

b)No
otcontrollaablebutob
bservable

observablee
c)Bothcontrollableando

othnotcon
ntrollableaandnotob
bservable
d)Bo

51.

Therresponseyy(t)toaunitstepinpu
utis

1 1
a) e 2t
2 2

1
1
b)1 e 2t e t
2
2

c) e 2tt e t

d)1 e t

LinkedAn
nswerQuestions
StatementforLinked
dAnswerQ
Questions5
52and53::
In
at all busses are eq
n the follo
owing netw
work, the voltage magnitudes
m
qual to 1 p.u.,
p
the
voltage phaase angles are very small, and
d the line resistancees are neglligible. All the line
reeactancesareequaltoj1.

52.

buses2and3are
Thevvoltagephaaseanglesinradatb

a)2=0.1,3=
=0.2

0.1
b)2=0,3=0

c)2=0.1,3=0.1

=0.2
d)2=0.1,3=

53.

If thee base impedance and


a the lin
netoline base voltaage are 10
00 and 100 kV,
respeectively,th
hentherealpowerinMWdelliveredby thegenerratorconneectedat
theslackbusis

0
a)10

b)0

c)10

d)20

dAnswerQ
Questions5
54and55::
StatementforLinked
nverter(VSI)shown inthefigu
urebelow isswitcheedtoprovidea50
TheVoltageeSourceIn
polarity off Vo and
H squarewave ac output
Hz,
o
volttage (vo) across
a
an RL
R load. Reference
R
reeferenced
directionoftheoutputcurrenttioareindiicatedinthefigure. Itisgiven thatR=
3,L=9.55mH.

54.

Intheeinterval whenV0<<0andi0 >0thepaairofdevicceswhich conductsttheload


curreentis

a)Q1
1,Q2

55.

Appropriate traansition i.e., Zero Voltage


V
Sw
witching (ZZVS)/Zero Current Sw
witching

b)Q3,Q4

c)D1,D
D2

4
d)D3,D4

(ZCS))oftheIGB
BTsduringturnon/tu
urnoffis

a)ZV
VSduringtu
urnoff

duringturn
non
b)ZVSd

c)ZCSSduringtu
urnoff

d)ZCSd
duringturn
non

KeyforExercise:1
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.

Q.NO. Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.

B
D
B
C
C
C
C
B
C
A
A
D
A
A
B
C
A
A
B
D
D
D
B
B
D
C
B

C
C
C
D
D
D
C
D
A
B
B
C
A
B
C
B
C
B
B
C
B
C
A
A
Markstoall
Markstoall
D
Markstoall