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Rule 3 - General definitions

Vessel

Rule 3 (a)

Every water craft including:


Non-displacement craft
WIG craft
Seaplanes
Used or capable of being used as a means of
transportation on water
www.synfo.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Types of Vessels
Every description of water craft used as a means of
transportation on water
Merchant vessels
Pleasure craft
Large and small vessels
Fast or slow vessels
Non-conventional vessels

Dredgers
Non-displacement craft
Seaplanes
Dredgers
Etc.

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2000 - 2009 Heikki Helen

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Vessel propelled by machinery


Vessel capable of using her machinery
immediately
Vessel using her own machinery (e.g. not that of
a tug)

www.staevenstil.nu

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

General Cargo Ship

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www.trans-inst.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Oil Tanker

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indonetwork.net

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Oil Tanker
- VLCC
Oil Tanker - VLCC
Oil
Tanker
Tanker
--VLCC
-VLCC
VLCC
OilOil
Tanker

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industry.bnet.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Bulk carrier

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www.british-shipping.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Gas tanker

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www.anthonyveder.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

LNG Tanker

www.lngpedia.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Chemical Tanker

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www.nykline.co.jp

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Chemical Tanker

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www.anthonyveder.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Handymax Bulker

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www.mol.co.jp

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Ore Carrier

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www.mol.co.jp

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Container Ship

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www.ships-info.info

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Fruit Ship

Dole.com

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Car Carrier

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www.ships-info.info

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Heavy Lift Carrier

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www.beluga-group.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Large Motor Yacht

www.esp-av.com

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Small Motor Yacht

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www.sprungmann-yachting.de

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Navy Ships

www.thenee.eu

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Hovercraft

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www.wired.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Power-driven vessel

Rule 3 (b)

Jetfoil

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www.marine-marchande.net

Rule 3 - General definitions


Sailing vessel

Rule 3 (c)

Vessel propelled by sails


If fitted with an engine, engine may not be
running at all (even with propeller not engaged)

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Sailing vessel

Rule 3 (c)

Sailing Vessel

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Daniel

Rule 3 - General definitions


Sailing vessel

Rule 3 (c)

Small Sailing Yacht

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Sailing vessel

Rule 3 (c)

Large Sailing Yacht

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www.nolimitsyachts.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Rule 3 (d)

Vessel engaged in fishing


When fishing with apparatus restricting her
manoeuvrability

Vessel NOT engaged in fishing


Fishing with trolling lines or other apparatus not
affecting the manoeuvrability
Pole and line fishing vessels
Yachts fishing with short lines
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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

At sea, the main fishing vessels encountered


are:
Side trawlers
Beam trawlers
Stern trawlers
Drift net fishers
Seine net fishers
Long line fishers
For details on fishing methods, see Rule 26

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Side Trawler

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www.hmsbacchante.co.uk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Stern Trawler

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www.greenpeace.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Russian Factory Trawler

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www.greenpeace.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Beam Trawler

Beam Trawler

www.fao.org

www.turboned.nl

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Drift Net Fishing

www.kaiho.mlit.go.jp

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Longline

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www.afma.gov.au

www.photolib.noaa.gov

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel NOT engaged in fishing

Rule 3 (d)

Trolling

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Seaplane

Rule 3 (e)

Seaplane

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www.flyingthefish.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Seaplane

Rule 3 (e)

Seaplane
Seaplane

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www.gigharborwaterfrontchoices.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Rule 3 (f)

Vessel not under command

Through exceptional circumstance


Unable to manoeuvre
As required by the Rules
Unable to keep out of the way

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel not under command (NUC)

Rule 3 (f)

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www.menkent.dk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Rule 3 (f)

Vessel entirely not under command

Engine breakdown
Rudder breakdown
Sailing vessel that has become becalmed
Etc.

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel not under command (NUC)

Rule 3 (f)

Vessel on Fire

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travel.webshots.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel not under command (NUC)

Rule 3 (f)

Vessel on Fire

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lankadailynews.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Rule 3 (f)

Vessel partially not under command


Difficulty in keeping the course due to adverse
weather
Forced to heave to secure cargo which has
begun to move
Etc.

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel not under command (NUC)

Rule 3 (f)

NUC in heavy weather

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http://nourishingobscurity.blogspot.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel not under command (NUC)

Rule 3 (f)

Yacht NUC in heavy weather

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52sails.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Rule 3 (g)

Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre


Vessel which from the nature of her work:
Is restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
As required by the Rules and
Is unable to keep out of the way

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Rule 3 (g)

Examples

Buoying or beacon ships


Lighthouse tenders
Cable ships
Dredgers
Survey vessels
Salvage vessels
Supply vessels
Aircraft-carriers in operation
Mineclearence ships
Towing vessels unable to deviate from her course
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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (i)

Buoying or Beacon Ship


Buoy and Beacon Ship

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www.mvcapedonsociety.org.au

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (i)

Buoyage or Beacon Vessel

www.damen.ro

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (i)

Lighthouse Tender

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (i)

Cable Layer

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www.ship-technology.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (i)

Pipe-Laying Vessel

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myweb.tiscali.co.uk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Research Vessel
www.jamstec.go.jp

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
DREDGING

Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Dredging is an excavation activity or operation usually carried out at least partly


underwater, in shallow seas or fresh water areas with the purpose of gathering
up bottom sediments and disposing of them at a different location
(www.wilkipedia.org)
The main types of dredgers are:
Bucket dredgers
Trailing suction hopper dredgers
Cutter suction hopper dredgers
Split hopper dredgers
Backhoe dredgers
Stone dumping and Fallpipe vessels
Floating cranes
Reclamation dredgers

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www.iadc-dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Suction Dredger
A stationary dredger used to mine
for sand. The suction pipe is pushed
vertically into a sand deposited. If
necessary water jets help to bring
the sand up. It is loaded into
barges or pumped via pipeline
directly to the reclamation area

Trailing Suction Hopper Dredger


A self propelled ship which fills its
hold or hopper during dredging,
while following a pre-set track. The
hopper can be emptied by o bottom
doors or valves (dumping) or by
pumping its load ashore. This kind
of dredger is mainly used in open
water: rivers, canals, estuaries and
the open sea.

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Cutter Suction Dredger


A stationary dredger which
makes use of a cutter head to
loosen the material to be
dredged. It pumps the dredged
material via a pipeline ashore or
into barges. While dredging the
cutter head describes arcs and is
swung around the spudpole
powered by winches. The cutter
head can be replaced by several
kinds of suction heads for special
purposes, such as environmental
dredging.

Reclamation Dredger
A stationary dredger used to
empty hopper barges. A suction
pipe is lowered into the barge.
Extra water can be added by
water by water jets to facilitate
the suction process. The dredged
material is pumped by pipeline
ashore, to a reclamation area, or
to a storage depot.

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Bucket Dredger

www.hrsms.org

Bucket dredgers raise bottom sediments to the surface. The buckets are
attached to a chain and graded according to size (200 to 1,000 litres). Bucket
dredgers are held in place by anchors. These days, this classic vessel is
mainly used on environmental dredging projects. (www.boskalis.com/
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vervolg_vloot.php?pageID=123)

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Trailing Suction Hopper Dredger

Rule 3 (g) (ii)

A hopper dredger is a self propelled ship which fills its hold or hopper during
dredging, while following a pre-set track. The hopper can be emptied by bottom
doors or valves (dumping) or by pumping its load ashore. This kind of dredger is
mainly used in open water: rivers, canals, estuaries and the open sea.

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www.dcsc.tudelft.nl

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Trailing Suction Hopper Dredger

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www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Trailing Suction Dredger

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www.cedd.gov.hk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Cutter Dredger
Cutter Hopper Dredger

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www.medcodredging.com
www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Split Hopper Dredgers

Rule 3 (g) (ii)

www.boschrexroth.com

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www.southchinashipyard.com

www.floatingplantservices.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Backhoe Dredger

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www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Cutter Suction Dredger

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www.boksalis.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Split Barge

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www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Grab Dredger

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www.boksalis.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

D.P. Side Stone Dumping Vessel

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www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Water Injection Dredger

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www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Lifting Vessel

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www.dredging.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Fallpipe Vessel

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www.boksalis.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (ii)

Underwater Operations

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (iii)

Vessels Engaged in Replenishment

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www.carter-hall.navy.mil

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (iii)

Transferring persons

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www.destroyersonline.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (iii)

Transferring Provisions or Caqrgo

destroyermen.blogspot.com

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (iv)

Launching or Recovery of Aircraft

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www.topnews.in

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (v)

Mine Clearance Operations

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http://admin.royalnavy.mod.uk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre
Rule 3 (g) (vi)

Difficult Towing Operation

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel constrained by her draught

Rule 3 h

Power-driven vessel
Draught in relation to water depth restricts her
manoeuvrability
Not applicable to sailing vessels

www.scubadoctor.com.au

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel constrained by her draught

Rule 3 (h)

www.southamptonvts.co.

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel Underway

(Rule 3 (I))

Not at anchor
Not made fast to the shore
Not aground

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel at anchor is NOT Underway

Rule 3 i

Vessel at Anchor

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www.bobleroi.co.uk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel made fast to the shore is NOT
Underway Rule 3 i
Vessel Moored

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nl.wilkipedia.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessel aground is NOT Underway

Rule 3 i

Verssel Aground

www.explorermagazin.de

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Underway and:
Making way though the water
Moving with regard to the water (vessel can be
stopped with regard to the bottom when there is
current)

Not making way through the water


Stopped with regard to the water (vessel can move
with regard to the bottom when there is current)
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Rule 3 - General definitions


Conclusion
A vessel can be:
Not underway
Underway and making way through the water
Underway and not making way through the water

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Underway and not making way through the
water

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www.allproducts.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Length and breadth of a vessel

(Rule 3 j)

LOA = Length over all


Beam = Breadth

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www.globalsecurity.org

Rule 3 - General definitions


Vessels in sight of one another

(Rule 3 k)

When one can be observed visually from the other


It doesnt apply to vessels observing one another on the
radar

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en.ce.cn

Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (k)

Visibility restricted by:


Fog
Mist
Falling snow
Heavy rainstorm
Sandstorms or
Any other similar cause

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (l)

Fog - Mist

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www.simsl.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (l)

Visibility restricted on Sb-side

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flickr.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (l)

Snowstorm

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (l)

Rainstorm

www.varimeteo.net

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Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (l)

Rainstorm

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www.usscusk.com

Rule 3 - General definitions


Restricted visibility

Rule 3 (l)

Sandstorm

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www.bbc.co.uk

Rule 3 - General definitions


Wing-in-Ground (WIG) craft

Rule 3 (m)

Multimodal craft
Flying in close proximity to the surface
Utilizing surface-effect action

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Rule 3 - General definitions


WIG-craft

Rule 3 (m)

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en.wikipedia.org