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ZAPATA COMBINADA

4.5

5.75

Datos:
Resistencia del terreno =
Coeficiente de balasto =
fc =
210
fy =
4200
Col. L* B =
50

1.20 kg/cm2
9000 tn/m3
kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
cm

Col. 5

Col.7

Col.8

Pd (Tn) =
Pl (Tn) =
Psx (Tn) =
PLsy (Tn) =

45.28
24.75
12.97
15.13

Pd (Tn) =
Pl (Tn) =
Psx (Tn) =
PLsy (Tn) =

101.06
55.13
28.87
33.69

Pd (Tn) =
Pl (Tn) =
Psx (Tn) =
PLsy (Tn) =

Mdx (Tn-M)=
Mlx (Tn-M)=
Msx (Tn-M)=
Mdy (Tn-M)=
Mly (Tn-M)=
Msy (Tn-M)=

3.25
2.28
8.13
3.97
2.78
9.93

Mdx (Tn-M)=
Mlx (Tn-M)=
Msx (Tn-M)=
Mdy (Tn-M)=
Mly (Tn-M)=
Msy (Tn-M)=

3.25
2.28
8.13
3.97
2.78
9.93

Mdx (Tn-M)=
Mlx (Tn-M)=
Msx (Tn-M)=
Mdy (Tn-M)=
Mly (Tn-M)=
Msy (Tn-M)=

1.- Dimensionamiento en Planta:

Az =

Az =

P1+P2+P3+P4

45.20

m2

Incrementamos Az en 10% por accin del Momento


Az =

49.72

m2

2.- Anlisis longuitudinal


a.- Sin Considerar Sismo
R
P1
M1

P2
M2

P3
M3

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
M1 (Tn-m) =

70.03
5.53

R (Tn) =
Xco =

471.66
8.19

P2 (Tn)=
M2 (Tn-m) =

156.19
5.53

Tn
m

L=

P3 (Tn) =
M3 (Tn-m)=

Az =
49.72 =
B=
B=
16.00

A.- Cargas de gravedad mas sismo longuitudinal


R
P
M
Ms
Ps

P
M
Ms
Ps

P
M
Ms
Ps

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
M1 (Tn-m) =
Ms1 (Tn-m) =
Ps1 (Tn)=

70.03
5.53
8.13
12.97

P2 (Tn)=
M2 (Tn-m) =
Ms2 (Tn-m) =
Ps2 (Tn)=

156.19
5.53
8.13
28.87

P3 (Tn) =
M3 (Tn-m)=
Ms3 (Tn-m) =
Ps3 (Tn)=

B.- Cargas de gravedad mas sismo transversal


R
P
M
Ms
Ps

P
M
Ms
Ps

P
M
Ms
Ps

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
M1 (Tn-m) =
Ms1 (Tn-m) =
Ps1 (Tn)=

70.03
6.75
9.93
15.13

P2 (Tn)=
M2 (Tn-m) =
Ms2 (Tn-m) =
Ps2 (Tn)=

156.19
6.75
9.93
33.69

P3 (Tn) =
M3 (Tn-m)=
Ms3 (Tn-m) =
Ps3 (Tn)=

3.- Verificaion de Presiones


Presion Considerando nicamente momentos longuitudinales
=
=

P
M
10.27

Tn/ m2

< 12 tn/m2
(Correcto)

Presion Considerando nicamente momentos transversales

1 = 3 =
2 = 4 =

11.21
9.34

Tn/m2 <
Tn/m2 <

12 (Tn/m2)
12 (Tn/m2)

b.- Considerando los Efectos Sismicos


b.1.- Direccin Longitudinal
Caso de Momentos Sismicos Anti - Horario
R
P1
Ml1
Mt1

P2
Ml2
Mt2

P3
Ml3
Mt3

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
Ml1 (Tn-m) =
Mt1 (Tn-m) =

57.06
-2.60
6.75

P2 (Tn)=
Ml2 (Tn-m) =
Mt2 (Tn-m) =

Xco =

7.93

127.32
-2.6
6.75

P3 (Tn) =
Ml3 (Tn-m)=
Mt3 (Tn-m) =

Este valor no coincide con el C.G de la zapata e =

0.07

Presin Considerando momentos degravedad transversales:

1 =

9.11

Tn/m2 <

1.3t =

15.6 Tn/m2

2 =
3 =
4 =

9.50
7.25
7.63

Tn/m2 <
Tn/m2 <
Tn/m2 <

1.3t =
1.3t =
1.3t =

15.6 Tn/m2
15.6 Tn/m2
15.6 Tn/m2

Caso de Momentos Sismicos Horario


R
P1
Ml1
Mt1

P2
Ml2
Mt2

P3
Ml3
Mt3

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
Ml1 (Tn-m) =
Mt1 (Tn-m) =

83.00
13.66
6.75

P2 (Tn)=
Ml2 (Tn-m) =
Mt2 (Tn-m) =

Xco =

8.06

185.06
13.66
6.75

P3 (Tn) =
Ml3 (Tn-m)=
Mt3 (Tn-m) =

Este valor no coincide con el C.G de la zapata e =

0.06

Presin Considerando momentos degravedad transversales:

1
2
3
4

=
=
=
=

10.85
15.36
8.99
13.49

Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2

<
<
<
<

1.3t
1.3t
1.3t
1.3t

=
=
=
=

15.6
15.6
15.6
15.6

Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2

b.2.- Direccion Transversal


Caso de Momentos Sismicos Anti - Horario
R
P1
Ml1
Mt1

P2
Ml2
Mt2

P3
Ml3
Mt3

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
Ml1 (Tn-m) =

54.90
5.53

P2 (Tn)=
Ml2 (Tn-m) =

122.5
5.53

P3 (Tn) =
Ml3 (Tn-m)=

Mt1 (Tn-m) =

-3.18

Mt2 (Tn-m) =

Xco =

8.02

-3.18

Mt3 (Tn-m) =

Este valor no coincide con el C.G de la zapata e =

0.02

Presin Considerando momentos degravedad transversales:

1
2
3
4

=
=
=
=

7.67
7.56
8.55
8.44

Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2

<
<
<
<

1.3t
1.3t
1.3t
1.3t

=
=
=
=

15.6
15.6
15.6
15.6

Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2

Caso de Momentos Sismicos Horario


R
P1
Ml1
Mt1

P2
Ml2
Mt2

P3
Ml3
Mt3

Xco
P1 (Tn)=
Ml1 (Tn-m) =
Mt1 (Tn-m) =

85.16
5.53
16.68

P2 (Tn)=
Ml2 (Tn-m) =
Mt2 (Tn-m) =

Xco =

8.00

189.88
5.53
16.68

P3 (Tn) =
Ml3 (Tn-m)=
Mt3 (Tn-m) =

Este valor no coincide con el C.G de la zapata e =

0.00

Presin Considerando momentos degravedad transversales:

1
2
3
4

14.79
14.80
10.18
10.19

=
=
=
=

Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2

<
<
<
<

1.3t
1.3t
1.3t
1.3t

=
=
=
=

15.6
15.6
15.6
15.6

Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2
Tn/m2

4.- Presiones Amplificadas y Presion de Diseo


Resumen de Presiones (amplificadas)
a.- Por Cargas de Gravedad
b.- Por Cargas de Gravedad + Sismo longitudinal
c.- Por Cargas de Gravedad + Sismo Transversal
Presin Asumida :

Presion de diseo:
=

19.20

5.- Diseo de Zapata


Chequeo de Rigidez

Tn/m2

=
=
=
1.91

kg/cm2

h >=

0.69
0.70

Adoptamos h =

6.- Diagrama de Esfuerzo Cortante y Momento de Flexin:


Pu1

0.25

Pu2

4.5

Pu3

5.75

88.35

5.25

82.32
128.99

DMF

1.98

161.15

198.4

177.89

188.58

172.46

198.32

15.84

DMC

99.59

7.- Cargas Amplificadas


Wu =
Pu1 =
Pu2 =
Pu3 =
P u4 =

63.34
103.75
231.33
245.49
118.03

Tn/m
Tn
Tn
Tn
Tn

8.- Determinacin del Peralte d


d=

61.73

cm

9.- Verificacin por Cortante


Seccin Crtica a una distancia d de la cara de la columna
Cortante Actuante
198.32
x

128.85
5.25- X
x=

198.32
3.18
Vud =

3.18 m.
Vud
2.31
144.23

Tn

132.99

Tn

Corte Tomado por el Concreto


Vc =

10.- Verificacin Por Punzonamiento


Seccin crtica a una distancia d/2 de la cara de la columna

Columna 01
dl =
dt =
m=
n=
b0 =
A0 =

61.73
59.19
80.87
109.19
270.92
8829.65

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2

Corte actuante por punzonamiento

Vup =

86.80

Tn

Corte tomado por el concreto

Bc =

Vcp =

226.60

Tn

Verificacin:

Columna 02
dl =
dt =
m=
n=
b0 =
A0 =

61.73
59.19
111.73
109.19
332.65
12199.80

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2

Corte actuante por punzonamiento

Vup =

207.91

Tn

Corte tomado por el concreto

Bc =

Vcp =

278.23

Tn

Verificacin:

Columna 03
dl =
dt =
m=
n=
b0 =
A0 =

61.73
59.19
111.73
109.19
332.65
12199.80

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2

Corte actuante por punzonamiento

Vup =

222.07

Tn

Corte tomado por el concreto

Bc =

Vcp =

278.23

Tn

Verificain:

Columna 04
dl =
dt =
m=
n=
b0 =
A0 =

61.73
59.19
80.87
109.19
270.92
8829.65

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2

Corte actuante por punzonamiento

Vup =

101.08

Tn

Corte tomado por el concreto

Bc =

Vcp =
Verificain:

226.60

Tn

11.- Diseo por Flexin


Determinacin del Refuerzo Longuitudinal
b
fc
fy
d

=
=
=
=

330.00
210
4200
61.73

cm
kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
cm

Refuerzo Longitudinal
Acero Mnimo
As min =
As min =

0.0018 * b * d
36.67

cm2

Espaciamiento Asumiendo N 5
s=

17.82

cm

Usar 1 N 5 @ 0.18 m
Acero Positivo
Mu =
As =

128.99
57.17

Tn-m
cm2

Espaciamiento Asumiendo N 8
s=

29.27

cm

Usar 1 N 8 @ 0.18 m
Acero Negativo
Mu =
As =

198.4
89.67

Tn-m
cm2

Espaciamiento Asumiendo N 8
s=

18.66

Usar 1 N 6 @ 0.18 m

12.- Refuerzo Transversal

cm

50 cm

1.4

19.20

3.30 m

Mu
d
b
As
a
As min

=
=
=
=
=
=

18.81
59.19
100
8.55
2.01
10.65

tn-m
cm
cm
cm2
cm
cm2

Espaciamiento Asumiendo N 5
s=

18.58

cm

Usar 1 N 5 @ 0.20 m

11 N8

3 N8

3 N8

10 N8

ZAPATA COMBINADA

5.75

5.25

Col.8

Col.9
107.25
58.5
30.64
35.75

Pd (Tn) =
Pl (Tn) =
Psx (Tn) =
PLsy (Tn) =

51.56
28.13
14.73
17.19

3.45
2.42
8.63
4.17
2.92
10.43

Mdx (Tn-M)=
Mlx (Tn-M)=
Msx (Tn-M)=
Mdy (Tn-M)=
Mly (Tn-M)=
Msy (Tn-M)=

3.10
2.17
7.75
3.82
2.67
9.55

0.1 Ps
0.15 Ps
0.2 Ps

P4
M4

165.75
66.39

L*B
16.00 * B
3.11
3.30

P4 (Tn) =
M4 (Tn-m) =

79.69
31.92

m
m

P
M
Ms
Ps

165.75
5.87
8.63
30.64

P4 (Tn) =
M4 (Tn-m) =
Ms4 (Tn-m) =
Ps4 (Tn) =

P
M
Ms
Ps

79.69
5.27
7.75
14.73

165.75
7.09
10.43
35.75

P4 (Tn) =
M4 (Tn-m) =
Ms4 (Tn-m) =
Ps4 (Tn) =

79.69
6.49
9.55
17.19

(Correcto)
(Correcto)

P4
Ml4
Mt4

135.11
-2.76
7.09

(Correcto)

P4 (Tn) =
Ml4 (Tn-m) =
Mt4 (Tn-m) =

64.96
-2.48
6.49

(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)

P4
Ml4
Mt4

196.39
14.5
7.09

P4 (Tn) =
Ml4 (Tn-m) =
Mt4 (Tn-m) =

94.42
13.02
6.49

(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)

P4
Ml4
Mt4

130
5.87

P4 (Tn) =
Ml4 (Tn-m) =

62.50
5.27

-3.34

(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)

Mt4 (Tn-m) =

-3.06

P4
Ml4
Mt4

201.5
5.87
17.52

P4 (Tn) =
Ml4 (Tn-m) =
Mt4 (Tn-m) =

(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)
(Correcto)

1.74
1.91
1.85

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

96.88
5.27
16.04

Pu4

5.25

0.25

128.99

1.98

128.85

15.59

Tn/m2

3 N8