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# Absolute Value Inequalities

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Solving an absolute value inequality problem is similar to solving an absolute value equation.

## Start by isolating the absolute value on one side of the inequality

symbol, then follow the rules below:
If the symbol is > (or >) :

(or)
If a < 0, all real numbers
will satisfy
.

## Think about it: absolute value is always

positive (or zero), so, of course, it is greater than
any
negative number.

## are x > a or x < - a.

If the symbol is < (or < ) :

(and)
If a < 0, there is no
solution to
.

## are x < a and x > - a.

Also written: - a < x < a.

## Think about it: absolute value is always

positive (or zero), so, of course, it cannot be less
than a negative number.

R E M E M B E R:
When working with any absolute value inequality,
you must create two cases.
If <, the connecting word is "and".
If >, the connecting word is "or".

x<a

x > -a

## Case 1: Write the problem without

the absolute value sign, and solve the
inequality.

## Case 2: Write the problem without

the absolute value sign, reverse the
inequality, negate the value NOT
under the absolute value, and solve
the inequality.

## Your graphing calculator can be used to solve absolute value

http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algtrig/ATE2/absinequal.htm

## How to use your

TI-83+ graphing
calculator with
absolute value
inequalities.
Click calculator.

09/09/2013

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Solve:
Case 1:

Case 2:

or

## Note that there are two parts to the

solution and that the connecting
word is "or".

x < 15 or x > 25

Solve:
Case 1:

Case 2:

and

## Note that there are two parts to the

solution and that the connecting
word is "and".

Solve:
Case 1:

Case 2:

and

## Note that the absolute value is

isolated before the solution begins.

## also written as:

http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algtrig/ATE2/absinequal.htm

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## Separate a compound inequality into two

separate problems.

Solve:
Case 1:

or

Case 2:

Case 1:

x > 4 or x < -6

Case 2:

and

-8 < x < 6

4<x<6

## Example 5: (all values work)

Solve:
Case 1:

or

Case 2:

x > -7 or x < -1

Example 6:

Absolute value is
ALWAYS positive
(or zero), so it is
always > -3.
All values work!

## (no values work)

Solve:

http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algtrig/ATE2/absinequal.htm

Absolute value is
ALWAYS positive

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## Absolute Value Inequalities

Case 1:

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Case 2:

(or zero). It is
NEVER < -6.
No values work!

and
x < -7 and x > 5 ???
(the empty set)

Example 7:

(word problem)
The absolute value

## At the Brooks Graphic Company, the average starting

salary for a new graphic designer is \$37,600, but the actual
salary could differ from the average by as much \$2590.
a.) Write an absolute value inequality
to describe this situation.

## represents the set of all points x

that are less than b units away
from a.

b.)
Case 1:

## b.) Solve the inequality to find the

range of the starting salaries.
and
Case 2:

Solution: a.)
|the difference between the average and the salary| < \$2590

http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algtrig/ATE2/absinequal.htm

09/09/2013