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Trismegistos Online Publications

- IV -

Rural Settlements of the Oxyrhynchite Nome


A Papyrological Survey
Version 2.0
May 2012

Compiled and Annotated by

Amin BENAISSA
University of Oxford

Kln / Leuven
2012 Trismegistos

Trismegistos Online Publications


http://www.trismegistos.org/top.php

Edited by

W. Clarysse, M. Depauw & H.J. Thissen

TRISMEGISTOS

Trismegistos Online Publications


- IV -

Rural Settlements of the Oxyrhynchite Nome


A Papyrological Survey
Version 2.0
May 2012

Compiled and Annotated by

Amin BENAISSA
University of Oxford

Kln / Leuven
2012 Trismegistos

The series Trismegistos Online Publications, edited by W. Clarysse (K.U.Leuven),


M. Depauw (K.U.Leuven) and H.J. Thissen (Universitt zu Kln), aims to provide
freely downloadable PDF-documents with scholarly tools based upon or
providing links to the Trismegistos database.

Contributors can send in manuscripts in Word format to


mark.depauw@arts.kuleuven.be. The editors will decide whether the manuscript
fits in the series and can be accepted for reviewing. An anonymous version of
the manuscript will then be sent to two or more peers for evaluation. On the
basis of their report the editors will take a decision whether to publish it in the
series or not. Authors will be given the anonymous notes of the reviewers and
can be asked to implement changes to their manuscript.

May 2012: Version 2.0


ISBN: 978-94-9060-404-2

T ABLE OF C ONTENTS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTRODUCTION

CATALOGUE

17

INDEX I: TOPARCHIES AND PAGI

458

INDEX II: ALPHABETICAL LIST OF TOPONYMS AND GRAPHIC VARIANTS

466

INDEX III: REVERSE INDEX OF TOPONYMS

478

INDEX IV: SETTLEMENTS CONNECTED TO THE APION ESTATE

487

INDEX V: ANCIENT SETTLEMENTS PLAUSIBLY IDENTIFIED


WITH MODERN SITES

491

MAPS

492

B IBLIOGRAPHY

The following works are cited in the introduction and the catalogue by the authors last
name and short title/journal reference only:
A. Benaissa, Critical notes on the toponymy of the Oxyrhynchite nome, ZPE 170
(2009) 18690
A. Calderini, S. Daris, Dizionario dei nomi geografici e topografici dellEgitto grecoromano + Supplementi (19352010)
M. Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite: toponymes et sites (ASP 21; Missoula 1979)
M. R. Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome: a Catalogue of the Toponyms (ASP 37; Atlanta
1998)
F. T. Gignac, A Grammar of the Greek Papyri of the Roman and Byzantine Periods. Vol.
I: Phonology (Milano [1976]); Vol. II: Morphology (Milano 1981)
F. Goma, R. Mller-Wollermann, W. Schenkel, Mittelgypten zwischen Samalut und
dem Gabal Abu Sir: Beitrge zur historischen Topographie der pharaonischen Zeit
(TAVO Beihefte ser. B no. 69; Wiesbaden 1991)
N. Gonis, Some Oxyrhynchite villages in the eighth century, CE 75 (2000) 12832
T. M. Hickey, A Public House but Closed: Fiscal Participation and Economic
Decision Making on the Oxyrhynchite Estate of the Flavii Apiones (Diss. Chicago 2001)
J. Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit:
Literaturrezeption (Frankfurt am Main 1990)

Studien

zur

Topographie

und

N. Litinas, Villages and place-names of the Cynopolite nome, AFP 40 (1994) 15764
R. Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni: terra, lavoro e propriet senatoria nellEgitto
tardoantico (Bari 2001)
F. Mitthof, Topographie und Grenzverlauf des nrdlichen Hermopolites in
sptrmischer Zeit: Ein neues Papyruszeugnis, APF 49 (2003) 20717
P. Pruneti, I del nomo Ossirinchite. Ricerca topografica, Aegyptus 55 (1975)
159244

P. Pruneti, I centri abitati dellOssirinchite: repertorio toponomastico (Pap.Flor. 9;


Firenze 1981)
P. Pruneti, Toparchie e pagi: precisazioni topografiche relative al nomo Ossirinchite,
Aegyptus 69 (1989) 11318
P. Pruneti, Ancora su toparchie e dellOssirinchite, Aegyptus 81 (2001) 2917
J. Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants in Roman Egypt: the Social Relations of
Agriculture in the Oxyrhynchite Nome (Oxford 1996)
J. Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland, in A. K. Bowman et al., Oxyrhynchus:
a City and its Texts (London 2007) 20517
S. Timm, Das christlich-koptische gypten in arabischer Zeit IVII (TAVO Beihefte ser.
B no. 41; 19842007)
K. Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen in Griekse transcriptie (Masters thesis,
Leuven 1988) downloadable from http://www.trismegistos.org/top.php
H. Verreth, A Survey of Toponyms in Egypt in the Graeco-Roman Period (Version 1.0;
2008) downloadable from http://www.trismegistos.org/top.php
J. Whitehorne, The pagan cults of Roman Oxyrhynchus, ANRW II 18.5 (1995) 305091
K.-Th. Zauzich, Einige unerkannte Ortsnamen, Enchoria 15 (1987) 16979
Papyri are usually cited according to the standard abbreviations in J. F. Oates et al.,
Checklist of editions of Greek, Latin, Demotic, and Coptic papyri, ostraca, and tablets
(BASP Suppl. no. 9; 5th ed., 2001); an up-to-date version of the Checklist is available
online at http://odyssey.lib.duke.edu/papyrus/texts/clist.html.
BL = Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus gypten IXII (1922
2009)

I NTRODUCTION

The primary goal of this publication is to provide a comprehensive and up-todate catalogue of the villages and hamlets of the Oxyrhynchite nome, the administrative
region of Graeco-Roman Egypt centred around the city of Oxyrhynchus (modern alBahnasa). Although the majority of Oxyrhynchite papyri were excavated from the
rubbish mounds of the city itself, they preserve the names of several hundred rural
settlements (villages, hamlets, farmsteads) from its wider territory. The principal
reference of Oxyrhynchite villages hitherto has been Paola Prunetis fundamental I
centri abitati dellOssirinchite. Since its publication almost three decades ago, however, a
great number of papyri attesting Oxyrhynchite settlements, both new and known, have
been published and various corrections have been made to some of the instances listed
in that work. For evidence postdating Prunetis catalogue, the thorough scholar has been
obliged to consult the (now five) Supplementi to Calderini-Daris, Dizionario dei nomi
geografici e topografici dellEgitto greco-romano, the Heidelberg WrterListen of recently
published papyri,1 and volumes VIIIXII of the Berichtigungsliste. Furthermore, some
important studies on the topography of the Oxyrhynchite nome have appeared in the
past two decades (see the Bibliography). It has seemed useful therefore to present a new
repertory of Oxyrhynchite settlements incorporating all these accretions as well as
contributing some new suggestions and corrections. It will hopefully facilitate further
study of the historical topography of the nome and aid papyrologists editing or studying
Oxyrhynchite texts. In view of the high turnout of Oxyrhynchite papyri, particularly in
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri series, a digital publication has been deemed preferable to a
printed book, as it will allow the catalogue to be revised and updated at regular intervals
in light of new papyri, studies, and corrections.
A secondary purpose of this work is to present synoptically the information
recoverable from the papyri about individual villages. This information is presented in
summary form under several categories (see below). But while every care has been taken

http://www.papy.uni-hd.de/WL/WL.html

to make the list of a settlements instances as accurate and comprehensive as possible,


this second part cannot be taken to be exhaustive and does not obviate the need to
reexamine the original publications for confirmation, greater details, and most
importantly context. It is meant to serve merely as a rough guide or index to the sources,
in order to allow papyrologists and historians to find references relevant to their
particular interests without the need to sift through all the instances of a village.
Like Prunetis above-cited work, this catalogue does not list every attested rural
toponym,2 but solely centri abitati. There are several criteria for identifying a
settlement in the papyrological record. The designation of a toponym, if given or
preserved, is usually the most obvious indication.3 The terms kome (village) and
epoikion (hamlet) are the standard and unambiguous designations of rural settlements.4
Toponyms genitivally dependent on the word topoi designate the centre of a district for
the collection of the grain tax and were relatively important villages.5 The terms chorion
and ktema are more ambivalent and are not by themselves sufficient to identify a
settlement, since they frequently qualify viticultural sites that were not necessarily
nucleated or permanent settlements.6 Other possible pointers of inhabited centres are
2

For other toponyms see the references in Verreth, Survey of Toponyms, or the more up-to-date entries

on the Trismegistos database: http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/index.php.


3

For an analysis of the percentages and chronological repartition of settlements designations, see Krger,

Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit 456.


4

In the Ptolemaic and early Roman periods, epoikia were essentially by origin tied or estate villages, as

opposed to the independent komai, although it is clear that some developed into independent settlements,
to be included in the Roman administrative lists of villages ..., or elevated to the status of kome, as was
Dositheou (Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland 210). In the late antique period epoikia
proliferate in the papyrological record and designate estate-owned hamlets that lacked the autonomous
administrative institutions of komai; see J. Banaji, Agrarian history and the labour organisation of
Byzantine large estates, in A. K. Bowman, E. Rogan (edd.), Agriculture in Egypt from Pharaonic to
Modern Times (Oxford 1999) 2067, and cf. Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 79.
5

See R. Boehm, Contribution ltude de ladministration romaine en gypte, Hermes 81 (1953) 4738.

On the meaning of chorion, see R. S. Bagnall, The date of P. Kell. I G. 62 and the meaning of ,

CE 74 (1999) 32933 (cf. esp. p. 332: the dominant sense was that of non-inundated land, primarily used
for growing tree crops of various sorts, but especially vineyards, and sometimes also containing farm
buldings or equipment), and Hickey, A Public House but Closed 3034. In the period following the
Islamic conquest, the word is used for most settlements in rural areas, especially in Middle Egypt,
having become a generic term for separate fiscal districts in the hinterland of the pagarchies (the old

the description of a person as from (apo) a certain place, the identification of a


toponym by membership to an administrative subdivision of the nome, and the
description of a toponym as under the administration of a functionary (e.g. a village
scribe or sitologos). Some toponyms whose status as settlements is uncertain are also
listed; see below under Name on how these are marked.
The chronological framework of the catalogue is the Graeco-Roman period
broadly defined, from the third century BCE to the eighth century CE. The catalogue is
based primarily on documentary sources of the period, essentially Greek papyri and
ostraca. Some tentative identifications of villages in the Demotic ostraca from
Oxyrhynchus (housed chiefly in Pisa) are also listed.7 Occasional literary instances are
signaled and, when appropriate, references are made to Timm, Das christlich-koptische
gypten, for late Coptic and Arabic literary sources.
The following is a brief explanation of the structure of the entries and the
categories of information abstracted from the papyri:
Name. The name of the settlement is usually given in its most common or (in the
case of Greek toponyms) its etymologically correct form. Toponyms that are fossilized
genitives, e.g. personal names or occupations genitivally dependent on a word like
epoikion or kome, are lemmatized as such ( sc. , the hamlet of Satyros;
sc. , the hamlet of (the) actuarius). When a toponym is attested
only in the genitive and it is unclear whether it is a fossilized genitive or not, or if the
nominative form is otherwise uncertain (e.g. , nom. or
?), the word is kept in the case in which it appears. The most frequent or
important graphic variants are lemmatized in the catalogue itself with cross-references;
others are given in Index II. For accentuation I have followed the rules laid down by W.
Clarysse, Greek accents on Egyptian names, ZPE 119 (1997) 17784 (Egyptian
toponyms without a Greek ending are not accented).
nomes)

(N.

Gonis,

BMCR

review

of

Falivene,

The

Herakleopolite

Nome,

in

http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/bmcr/2001/2001-02-13.html). On the sense of ktema as a walled enclosure


(often a vineyard) as opposed to the open fields, see D. Rathbone, Economic Rationalism and Rural
Society in Third-Century A.D. Egypt (Cambridge 1991) 33.
7

On these see Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987) 16979.

10

The following system of stars, placed before the toponym, is used to mark
doubtful Oxyrhynchite settlements:
* = the membership of the village in the Oxyrhynchite nome is uncertain.
** = the status of the toponym as a settlement is uncertain.
*** = both Oxyrhynchite membership and status as toponym are uncertain.
Trismegistos URL. Every toponym is given a unique number (Geo ID) and card
in the file Places of the online Trismegistos database.8 The URL under each lemma in
the catalogue corresponds to the relevant Trismegistos webpage, with a hyperlink
allowing easy transition from the catalogue to the database.
Instances. The instances of each settlement are listed in chronological order.
Entries in the Berichtigungsliste, where pertaining to the toponymn in question, and
significant graphic variants beyond common phonetic spellings (e.g. iotacims) are noted
between parentheses after the relevant instance. Dates should be assumed to be CE
unless explicitly marked BCE. If not otherwise indicated, dates are those given by the
Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden gyptens;9 one
should consult the relevant entry of HGV for references to the latest amendments of
editorial dates. The column after the date records the Greek designation of the
settlement where known (kome, epoikion, topoi, ktema, chorion; see above). The
following sigla are used for these designations:
< > = the designation is deduced from the gender of an accompanying article or
adjective.
[ ] = the designation is restored by the editor in a lacunose passage.
Uncertain instances. Highly uncertain instances, where the toponym is restored
on questionable grounds, or where its restoration is cautiously suggested in an editorial
note.
Delenda. Instances that were incorporated in Pruneti, I centri, or read
afterwards, but whose reading is no longer correct. Older (i.e. pre-Pruneti) delenda are
not listed.

8
9

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/index.php
http://www.rzuser.uni-heidelberg.de/~gv0/

11

Etymology/form. The proposed etymology of the toponym. Noteworthy forms


and morphological peculiarities are also occasionally noted.
Administrative subdivision. Up to 307/8 CE, the Oxyrhynchite nome was
divided into six administrative areas called toparchies: Upper (southernmost),
Western, Eastern, Middle, Thmoisepho, and Lower (northernmost). After 307/8 the six
toparchies were replaced by ten pagi, which were numbered in a roughly ascending
south-north sequence. The greater number of pagi means that the territories of most
toparchies were subsequently included under two or more pagi. For an overview of the
approximate layout, boundaries and sizes of these administrative subdivisions, see
Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 815. On the pagi see also P.Oxy. LV 3795
introd., Pruneti, Toparchie e pagi, eand., Ancora su toparchie e
dellOssirinchite. A list of the villages for which the toparchy and/or pagus is known is
presented in Index I.
Arabic/modern counterpart. For most of the proposed identifications of ancient
toponyms with modern ones I refer to Goma et al., Mittelgypten, except where other
scholars or I have disagreed or made suggestions not appearing therein. Many of the
identifications based solely on phonetic grounds are hypothetical and need to be
confirmed against the internal evidence provided by the papyri for the relative location
of the ancient settlement. Ancient settlements plausibly identified with modern sites are
listed in Index V and are plotted on the maps at the end of this publication.
Relative location. The location of the settlement relative to others on the basis of
the internal evidence of the papyri, or more general associations between villages.
Indications of geographical proximity range from the explicit qualification of a village as
near another to inter-village disputes to the presence of inhabitants of one village as
lessees of land in another (presumably neighbouring) village.10 Villages that were part of
the same prostasia (administrative district) of the extensive Apion estate are also
assumed to have been close enough together to be managed conveniently by a single
steward (pronoetes).11 For a schematic representation of the relationships between some
10
11

For the latter phenomenon, cf. the remarks of Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 268.
J. R. Rea, P.Oxy. LV p. 96; cf. also Hickey, A Public House but Closed 258. On the Apionic prostasiai,

see further Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 87102, 179.

12

villages, see also Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit 5053. More recently, G. Ruffini,
Social Networks in Byzantine Egypt (Cambridge 2008) ch. 2, has applied the tools of
social network analysis to investigate the pattern of ties between Oxyrhynchite villages
(in particular those connected with the Apion estate) in late antiquity.
Position in official lists of villages. The immediate villages listed before and after
the village in question in official or semi-official administrative lists and accounts (up to
the fourth century only; the order in estate accounts, lists, etc. of the later period is not
given). The order of villages in such lists does not necessarily correspond to a
geographical organization. However, villages that are fairly consistently named after one
another can often be assumed to have been relatively proximate, provided this can be
confirmed by other indications such as identifications with modern toponyms or other
documents closely associating the two places. See P.Wash.Univ. II 81 introd. pp. 8993
for further discussion of the issue.
Categories of associated lands. E.g. catoecic (katoikike), private (idiotike), royal
(basilike), public (demosia), uninundated (abrochos), confiscated, etc. For a good review
of the land category system of Roman Egypt and its development, particularly in
relation to the Oxyrhynchite nome, see Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants ch. 2
(with further bibliography).
Cultures/agricultural products. E.g. wheat, wine, barley, the various fodder
crops (chortos, arakos, chlora), vegetables, palm and other fruit trees, oil, cheese, etc. For
an overview of the crops grown in the Oxyrhynchite nome, see Rowlandson,
Landwoners and Tenants 1925. For more details on individual crops, see M. Schnebel,
Die Landwirtschaft im hellenistischen gypten (Mnchen 1925). Note that the
ubiquitous wheat is only signaled when it is explicitly attested as a crop (e.g. in leases);
documents such as sitologos receipts and grain accounts are ignored.
Associated kleroi. Kleroi were initially allotments granted to military settlers in
the early Ptolemaic period. The names of the early settlers eventually became
permanently linked with their allotments, so that even after the cleruchic system was
superseded, kleroi continued to function as topographical designations, particularly to
identify the location of a parcel of land in a villages territory. Only kleroi explicitly
associated with particular villages are listed. On kleroi of the Oxyrhynchite nome, see

13

Pruneti, I del nomo Ossirinchite. On Greek settlement in Ptolemaic


Oxyrhynchus, see further Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland 20811, and
on fossilized kleros names in general, see F. Zucker, Beobachtungen zu den
permanenten

Klerosnamen,

in

Studien

zur

Papyrologie

und

antiken

Wirtschaftsgeschichte Friedrich Oertel zum achtzigsten Geburtstag gewidmet (Bonn 1964)


1016.
Irrigation. E.g. canals, dikes, mechanai,12 lakkoi, irrigation work, etc. On the
vocabulary related to irrigation, see D. Bonneau, Le rgime administratif de leau du Nil
dans lgypte grecque, romaine et byzantine (Leiden 1993).
Topographical features. Buildings associated with the village, such as granaries,
houses, workshops, or other features such as harbours, threshing floors, streets,
dovecotes, etc. Note that granaries are listed only when they are explicitly attested, not
when they are merely implied e.g. by giro transfer of grain through sitologoi. On the
vocabulary of house architecture, see G. Husson, OIKIA: Le vocabulaire de la maison
prive en gypte daprs les papyrus grecs (Paris 1983), and R. W. Daniel, Architectural
Orientation in the Papyri (Pap.Colon. 34; Padeborn 2010).
Animals. E.g. donkeys, sheep, goats, oxen, etc.
Religion. E.g. Temples, priests, festivals, churches, monasteries, etc. See further
Whitehorne, The pagan cults of Roman Oxyrhynchus, and Timm, Das christlichkoptische gypten.
Officials. E.g. administrative and other officials, liturgists, police, village elders,
etc. For the first to fourth centuries, see in general N. Lewis, The Compulsory Public
Services of Roman Egypt2 (Pap.Flor. 28; Firenze 1997). For the late antique period, see
the useful excursus on Die Leitung der Drfer in G. Schmelz, Kirchliche Amtstrger in
sptantiken gypten nach den Aussagen der griechischen und koptischen Papyri und
Ostraka (Mnchen 2002) 296309.

12

Note that mechane can have either the strict sense of waterwheel or the extended one, common in the

late antique period, of articially irrigated plot of land; see P.Oxy. LV 3803 introd. and Bonneau, Le
rgime 222.

14

Occupations. E.g. traders, craftsmen, estate administrators, agricultural


labourers, etc. For the Imperial period, see most recently K. Ruffing, Die berufliche
Spezialisierung in Handel und Handwerk (Rahden/Westf. 2008).
Noteworthy landowners. Important landowners and estates, e.g. office-holding
Oxyrhynchites, Alexandrians, imperial estates, the aristocracy of late antiquity, etc. For
some such landowners of the early Roman period, see Rowlandson, Landowners and
Tenants (index), and A. K. Bowman in P.Thomas pp. 1117. I have not usually included
the evidence of private accounts in village granaries. For the Apion estate, whose large
archive dominates the papyrological evidence of Oxyrhynchus from the end of the fifth
to the beginning of the seventh centuries, see in general Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni
and Hickey, A Public House but Closed (both have appendices listing some Apionic
villages; for a more inclusive list see Index IV below).
Military. E.g. Ptolemaic military settlers, veterans, etc.
Taxes and other imposts. For the taxes of Roman Egypt up to the end of third
century, the standard reference work remains S. R. Wallace, Taxation in Egypt from
Augustus to Diocletian (Princeton 1938). Not listed are generic terms such as demosia,
argyrika/chrysika or embole.
Terms for which there is no standard English translation (e.g. chortos, mechane)
are reported only in Greek, transliterated phonetically in italic Roman letters (th = ; k =
; y = but // = au/eu/ou; ph = ; ch = ; no distinction between epsilon and eta,
omicron and omega). Proper names, with the exception of Oxyrhynchus and Latin
names, are usually transliterated in the same manner, but do not appear in italics (e.g.
Kallistratos, Sinkepha).
For very recent publications of papyri in journal articles that have not yet been
incorporated in the Sammelbuch, I have checked the standard papyrological journals
(Aegyptus 89, Anal.Pap. 21/22, APF 57, BASP 48, CE 86, Comunicazioni Vitelli 9,
JJP 40, Tyche 26, ZPE 180), but may have missed some publications in other journals
and volumes if they are not yet listed in the APF Urkundenreferate.
It is inevitable that a compilation of this kind will contain errors and
inaccuracies. Corrections and suggestions will be warmly welcomed. Editors of

15

Oxyrhynchite texts are also encouraged to signal relevant new publications to me for
future editions of the catalogue. Please email me at amin.benaissa@classics.ox.ac.uk.
The first version of this work was completed in the first year (2008/9) of a
Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at the Faculty of Classics, University of Oxford.
Revisions and updates for the second version were made during the tenure of a British
Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship in 201012 at the same Faculty. I am greatly indebted
to the Leverhulme Trust and the British Academy for their support. I also warmly thank
Prof. Alan Bowman for his advice and encouragement, Dr Nikolaos Gonis, Prof. Todd
Hickey and Dr Herbert Verreth for some corrections and additions, and the two
anonymous referees for their comments. Finally, I am very grateful to the editors of
Trismegistos Online Publications for accepting this work in their series.

16

C ATALOGUE

- A..k.tiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3413
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.8

VI/VII

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (name not preserved)]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2031]

** ( ) - Abak( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8
P.Giss. 57.10 ( () ( ))

VI/VII

Note: possibly a personal name of the man whom Phoibammon served as boethos.

** / - Abok/Pabok
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6168
PSI XII 1249.25 ()
PSI XII 1250(a).2 ()

265
265

ktema
ktema (8)

17

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy (deduced from the proximity to Chysis)


Relative location: near Chysis (Upper toparchy) [PSI 124950]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 124950]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Sarapion alias Apollonianos, gymnasiarchos and
bouleutes [PSI 124950]
Note: probably not a settlement, but the name of a viticultural site.

** - Agathammonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8828
P.Col. VII 191 .12

mid-IV

Note: line 1112 are read () . The editors do not offer


a translation of this puzzling passage, but they record in the index of
personal names. Pruneti, I centri s.v. = BL VIII 88, argues that che si tratta di una
indicazione locale (come ai rr. 3 e 8) sembra probabile: non quindi da escludere
lipotesi di una .

** - Agathinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9724
P.Dubl. 19.5 = P.Oxy. I 183 verso

263

ktema

Note: rather than a settlement this was probably the name of a viticultural site belonging
to a certain Agathinos (the editor translates with for the estate
of Agatheinus).

- Adaiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8305

18

P.Theon. 8.1
P.Mert. I 17.5 = P.Oxy. XIV 1685 ()
P.Theon. 25.1 = P.Wisc. I 22
SB XXVI 16570.27 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Graux II 29.10
P.Oxy. X 1285.86
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr. (; BL VIII 239)
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.29
P.Oxy. XIX 2235.2, 9, 21
P.Mich. XX 826.35
P.Oxy. LIX 4002.17 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1941.3
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.7, 8
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.4, 19, 30
P.Oxy. LV 3805.118
P.Oxy. I 136.16 (), 44 (<>)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2196.5
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.3
P.Princ. III 158.10
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.17
P.Oxy. I 139.15
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.8 n., 33

157
158
160
290
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
c. 346
c. 35575
IV/V
V
540/41
after 547
after 566
583
after 587
VI
VI
VI/VII
612
621

epoikion
epoikion

159

epoikion

kome
kome
<kome>
epoikion

kome
kome
kome
kome

kome

Uncertain instance:
P.Theon. 15.4 n.

Etymology: < Thracian/Macedonian personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus
Relative location: in the south-eastern corner of Eastern toparchy (cf. Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 11, 13). P.Oxy. 2235 concerns a dispute over whether a piece
of land belongs to the taxable territory of Adaiou or Terythis (Eastern toparchy; 4th
pagus), suggesting that the two villages were close neighbours. Adaiou is in the same
prostasia of the Apion estate as Matreou and Episemou (Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus)
[P.Oxy. 136, 2196]. Two men from Adaiou take under lease land in Oasitou, which
could imply relative proximity between the two settlements [P.Mert. 17].
Position in official lists of villages: between Phthochis and Phoboou [P.Graux 29];
between Posompous and Terythis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Terythis and Psobthis [P.Oxy.
1747]; between Terythis and Phthochis [SB 16570]
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 2235]

19

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2235]; wine [P.Oxy. 2044, 3960]; chortos
[P.Oxy. 4002]
Irrigation: waterwheel (trochos) [P.Theon 25]; mechane (called ) [P.Oxy.
1941]
Topographical features: bath-house (balaneion) of the Iulii Theones [P.Theon 15]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]
Officials: boundary inspector
(protophylax) [P.Oxy. 139]

(horiodeiktes)

[P.Oxy.

2235];

head-watchman

Occupations: estate prostates [P.Theon 25]; blacksmith(?) [P.Oxy. 989]; brick


manufacture [P.Oxy. 3805]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 136, 2196 (Serenus, who is also
deacon); P.Oxy. 1916 (Papnouthios)]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 1941]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Theon 8, 15, 25]; Apion estate [all instances
following P.Oxy. 2032]
Taxes and other imposts: annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]

- Aeianou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8318
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.26

VI/VII

epoikion

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025]

[ - Atha[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8323
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.41

VI

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate(?) [P.Oxy. 2055]

20

Note: inhabitants of this settlement, along with those of Kalybe, are accused of stealing
eight baukalia [P.Oxy. 2055].

- Athletou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8849
P.Oxy. XXVII 2478.14 + introd. ()

595

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) athlete.


Topographical features: orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy. 2478]
Occupations: enapographos pomarites [P.Oxy. 2478]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2478]
Note: cf. the Hermopolite epoikion in CPR IX 52.14 and SB XXII 15260.7
(mid-VII; see ZPE 142 (2003) 181).

* - Athek..
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8330
O.Wilck. 1091.3

180

Note: both the reading and the localization in the Oxyrhynchite nome are uncertain (cf.
Calderini, Dizionario s.v.).

- Athychis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8337
P.Princ. II 42.2, 7, 18, 25, 35, 37, 39
P.Oxy. XLI 2958.12

94/5
99

21

P.NYU II 52.7, 24 (see P.Oxy. 4889.16 n.)


P.Oxy. LXXII 4888.5
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.15, 16, 17
P.Oxy. XIX 2240.6, 11, [32], 39
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.14
P.CtYBR inv. 696.78 ([ ]|)
(see ZPE 172 (2010) 17980)
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.12
P.Haun. II 37.3
P.Oxy. X 1285.58 (BL I 334)
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.10, 44, 107, [131] (+ introd.)
SB XIV 12108.12
PSI VII 819.17

early II
176
176/7
211
21821
230/31 or 262/3
2536
III
III
III
III/IV
c. 311?

<kome> (25)

kome

kome

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Relative location: in the south of the Upper toparchy, near Chysis, with which it shared
sitologoi [P.Oxy. 2958]. Near Poynis [P.Oxy. 4889 with 16 n.]. On the left bank of the
canal of Apollophanes [SB 12108]. A man from Sinkepha (Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus)
takes under lease land around Athychis [P.CtYBR inv. 696]. Perhaps near Mermertha
(Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) given the association of both villages with a kleros of
Kodibithys [P.CtYBR inv. 696; cf. P.Oxy. LX 4091.13].
Position in official lists of villages: between Nesmimis and Sadalou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Sinkepha and Enteiis [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Sento and Taampemou,
Kesmouchis and Sko, Sinkepha and Isieion Tryphonos, Monimou and Chysis [P.Oxy.
3170]; before Senyris and Sinkepha [SB 12108]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2240, P.Princ. 42, PSI 819; cf. P.CtYBR
inv. 696.10]; arakos [P.Oxy. 2240]
Associated kleroi: of Kodibithys [P.CtYBR inv. 696]
Irrigation: well/cistern (krene) [P.Oxy. 2240]; canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB
12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Animals: oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]
Officials: archephodos [P.Oxy. 2240.32]; sitologoi (() [l. ]
[]) [P.Oxy. 2958]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3109]
Occupations: brick manufacture(?) [P.Oxy. 2240]
Noteworthy landowners: unknown large estate [P.Oxy. 2240]; Marcus Aurelius N.N.
alias nis [P.CtYBR inv. 696]

22

Military: veteran [PSI 819]


Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; cheirographia [P.Oxy. 2240]
Other: a freedman from this village is mentioned in P.Oxy. 3109.

(?) - Akakiou(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8357
PSI I 60.12 ([ ?])

595

epoikion

Delendum: PSI III 246.8 (526); see BL X 236.


Etymology: < personal name .
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [PSI 60]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 60]
Note: J. R. Rea, P.Oxy. LV 3804.211 n., considered both PSI instances doubtful. P.Oxy.
XVI 1911.138 (557) and 3804.11 (566) both mention an edaphos ,
which Rea hesitantly connects with the martyrium of Akakios in Constantinople.

- Akanthon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8855
P.Oxy. XLV 3250.9, 28
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.4

c. 63
V/VI

epoikion

Etymology: named after acacia groves (P.Oxy. LV 3805.48 n.). There are several
homonymous places in other parts of Egypt (see Verreth, A Survey of Toponyms 312).
Topographical features: a harbour of Akanthon and Lile (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) is
mentioned in P.Oxy. 3250.
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Wash.Univ. 102]

23

Note: cf. the edaphos in P.Oxy. XVI 1911.62 (557; see BL IX 62) and LV
3804.134 (566), and the mechane in SB XXII 15364.17 (582)
(see P.Oxy. 3804.134 n.).

- Akindynou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8857
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3407.8

IV

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Animals: bullocks (moschoi) [P.Oxy. 3407]
Occupations: estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3407]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3407]; bull-driver
(taurelates) [P.Oxy. 3407]

** - Akoubeei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8374
SB I 1945.1

V/VI

chorion(?)

- Akoutou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8375
P.Oxy. LVI 3863.4
P.Oxy. LVI 3865.30
P.Oxy. VIII 1137.2

V
V
562/3

kome
<kome>
ktema

Uncertain instance:
P.Mich. XX 821.9 (possibly a personal name)

c. 35575

24

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1137 the public dues of Akoutou are paid to the boethos of
Sarapionos Chairemonos (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), suggesting proximity between
the two localities (cf. P.Oxy. 3863.34 n.).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine is mentioned in P.Oxy. 3863, but
necessarily imply viticulture in the area.

does not

Religion: priests and deacons [P.Oxy. 3863]


Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 1137 (but he might alternatively belong to Sarapionos
Chairemonos)]; grammateus [P.Oxy. 1137 (but he might alternatively belong to
Sarapionos Chairemonos)]
Note: The plurality of priests and deacons suggests that it [Akoutou] was a fairly large
place (P.Oxy. 3863.34 n.).

- Akte
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8861
P.Oxy. L 3598.9
P.Kln IV 189.2

early IV
IV/V

Etymology: lit. headland, rugged riverbank.


Relative location: P.Kln 189 is an order to the eirenarchs of Seryphis (Western
toparchy; 3rd pagus) to send up a person from Akte to the city, suggesting that this place
was close to Seryphis.
Occupations: katamenios(?) [P.Oxy. 3598]

- Aktouariou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8279
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.78, 84
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.12, 39, 43, 67
P.Oxy. XVI 2012.2

540/41
c. 555?
590

25

PSI I 62.14, 29

613

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. XVI 1856.2 ([]<>)

VI/VII

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) actuarius (quartermaster).


Relative location: perhaps near Oxyrhynchus given its occurrence in P.Oxy. 1913, an
account dealing in large part with the Apion estates (cf.
Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 86, and see below s.v.). A person from the epoikion
Pilasienous gives surety for an enapographos georgos from Aktouariou, perhaps
indicating proximity between the two settlements [PSI 62]. Aktouariou is named with
Phatement in P.Oxy. 1913.67 (cf. also P.Oxy. 2012.1) and with Mega Eirenarcheion in
P.Oxy. 2012. A localization near Oxyrhynchus would throw further doubts on the
restoration of P.Oxy. 1856.2, since that village is mentioned alongside Herakloasianou
and Keuothis, the latter situated in the Cynopolite nome (cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 189).
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1913
enapographos georgos [PSI 62]

(Iulianus), 1856(?) (Ioseph)];

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

- Albinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8865
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.23

early IV

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Albinus.


Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus
Relative location: probably in the vicinity of Souis (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy.
3307.21]
Position in official lists of villages: between Strouthou and Psankerma [P.Oxy. 3307]

26

- Alexandreon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8398
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.40

VI/VII

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) Alexandrians.


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025]

- Alexoutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8406
P.Oxy. VII 1052.6, 16, 27

after 362

Etymology: < Greek female personal name .


Administrative subdivision: probabile una localizzazione di questo centro nella
o nella , poich gli altri villaggi che compaiono nel papiro appartengono
alluna o allaltra toparchia (Pruneti, I centri s.v.).
Cultures/agricultural products: balsam, wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]

** - Aletou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8407
PSI VII 799.27 (][] )

III

Note: the reading is uncertain according to the editor, and it is unclear whether this is a
place name.

[ ] - Alesiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8409

27

PSI I 59.7

596

epoikion

Occupations: enapographos georgos [PSI 59]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 59]

- Alkyoneos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8417
SB XXIV 16281.2 = P.Lond. V 1655.2
SB XX 15167.1 = VIII 9892 ()

364
VI

Occupations: georgoi [SB 15167]


Military: a military recruit supplied by an estate is from this village [SB 16281]
Note: the settlement is perhaps identical with , and/or
().

- Alkome
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8418
P.Oxy. XVI 1974.5

538

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1974]


Note: the settlement is perhaps identical with , and/or
().

- Alkonios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8876

28

P.Kln II 102.3 = SB XII 11239

418

epoikion

Note: the settlement is perhaps identical with , and/or


(); cf. P.Kln 102.3 n.

- Amatenes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8445
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).15

590

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2243(a) (P)]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]

- Ambikos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9734
SB XXII 15603.19 = P.Corn. 52+53

late III

Note: that this is probably a village is suggested by the words coupling with the epoikion
(probably in the Lower toparchy; see s.v.) in the same line; see P. J. Sijpesteijn,
Tyche 9 (1994) 222 (19 n.).

- Ambioutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8449
P.Iand. III 48.12, [30]
P.Oxy. I 137.11, 28
P.Oxy. VI 999 descr.

582
584
616/17

epoikion
epoikion

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Pangouleeiou, Margaritou and


Maeiouma [P.Oxy. 999], that is, in the border area of the former Eastern and Western
toparchies (see s.v. ).

29

Irrigation: mechane ( ) [P.Oxy. 137]


Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 999 (Stephanos)]; enapographos georgos
[P.Iand. 48, P.Oxy. 137]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

See below s.v. on P.Oxy. VII 1053.29

- Amita
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8458
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.76

528/543/558

epoikion

Etymology: < personal name .


Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2244]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2244]

See s.v.

- Amoule
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8475
SB I 1945.2
P.Oxy. VIII 1165.5 ( )

V/VI
VI

chorion(?)

30

Form: the form appears to be indeclinable; cf. the personal name , which also
appears in the indeclinable form in some documents (e.g. BGU II 408.4 [313],
O.Mich. I 462.3 [298]).
Animals: camels [P.Oxy. 1165]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 1165]
Other: paraphylake [P.Oxy. 1165]

- Amyntou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9406
P.Oxy. LV 3795.11
P.Wash.Univ. I 46.6 (; BL IX 372)
P.Oxy. VII 1053.29 ()14

early IV
V
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion13

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: 6th pagus
Occupations: pronoetes [P.Wash.Univ. 46]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1053]

- Amokos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8891
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.59, 60, 103

576/7?

epoikion

13

See ZPE 170 (2009) 190.

14

The editors read , which I correct to on the basis of a photograph of the papyrus (the

tentative correction in BL VIII 240 does not impose itself and is due to a misreading of the long
first stroke of nu, which is comparable to the nu of in line 16); for the interchange of eta and
upsilon, see Gignac, Grammar I 2624.

31

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Nekonthis, Aroures,


Kainon, Tancheo, Sypheos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989.
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2195]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2195]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

** ( ) - Andr( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8502
SB I 1973.3

chorion

Note: this village was resolved as () in the ed. princ., but perhaps it is better to
resolve () (see below s.v.).

- Androutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8510
PSI V 471.1

V/VI

Etymology: < Greek personal name .

- Anesneoutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8517
PSI I 80.5

VI?

32

[] - Annianou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8529
P.Oxy. XIX 2228.44

283 or 285

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Annianus.


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy (inferred from its proximity to Senao)
Relative location: [] (Western toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2228.45]
Animals: sheep (probata synmikta) [P.Oxy. 2228]; goats [P.Oxy. 2228]; ox [P.Oxy.
2228]; calf [P.Oxy. 2228]
Note: an epoikion of this name also existed in the Heracleopolite nome (SB XXVI
16442.8 [VI/VII], 16443.3 [V]).

- Anousias
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9409
P.Oxy. LVII 3914.56
SB XVIII 13598.10

519
VI/VII

epoikion/ktema

Relative location: the ergodioktes in P.Oxy. 3914 also doubles as that of Neophyton, so
that the two localities must have been close to one another; but the location of
Neophyton (there may have been several places with this name) within the nome is
unknown.
Occupations: ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 3914]; estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3914]

- Anta
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8536
P.Oxy. XVI 1932.8
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.84, 167 (cf. BL IX 190, XI 154)

5279 or 5424
557

ktema

33

P.Oxy. LV 3804.156

566

epoikion(?)

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: named together with Pekty (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) in P.Oxy.
1932. In the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Kisson, Trigyou, Loukiou,
Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern
part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (cf. P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). The Apionic
ergodioktes in P.Oxy. 1911 and 3804 also exercised his function over Trigyou, Tarousebt
and Nesos Leukadiou, which must have been close neighbours within this prostasia (cf.
P.Oxy. 3804.15762 n., 2212 n.).
Irrigation: mechane with lakkos said to be ()
[P.Oxy. 1911.167; on = approach, outskirts see P.Oxy. 3804.2212 n.]
Occupations: ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 1911.84, 3804]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

See s.v.

** - Antiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8544
SB I 1973.13

chorion

- Antipeles
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8548
P.Princ. III 158.15
P.Sijp. 37.10

VI
VII/VIII

chorion

Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]

34

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Princ. 158]


Note: probably identical with .

- Antipera Pela
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8549
P.Oxy. III 619.9, 11 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f.)
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.5, 9, 11 ( solum)
(see ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. III 495.5 (BL VIII 236)
P.Erl. 44.4, 5, 7, 1718, 2021, 22, 24, 25
( solum)
P.Col. X 272.1112 = SB XX 14312
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.42 (cf. BL V 79)
P.Oxy. XXVII 2473.16
P.Oxy. LXI 4117.8
P.Oxy. XIV 1637.33 ( solum)
P.Coll.Youtie II 68.8, 20
SB XIV 12181.i.18, ii. 20 (() solum)
P.Oxy. LVI 3856.16
SB IV 7350.30 = P.Berl.Mller 13v (BL VIII 63)
P.Oxy. XLV 3256.7
P.Oxy. XLV 3258.7
P.Oxy. XLV 3259.9
P.Oxy. XLV 3260.8

c. 147
c. 152
1829
II
204
218221
229
240
25661
266
III
III/IV
III/IV
317/18
319
319
323

<kome>

kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. XXVII 2474.38 n. ([] )
P.Mich. XV 733.1 n. ([)

III
548

Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy


Relative location: as its name indicates the village was opposite Pela, i.e. across from
the Bahr Yusuf and probably on its western bank (cf. P.Oxy. 1637.33 n.; Pruneti, I centri
31; P.Coll.Youtie 68.12 n.; Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 12). In P.Col. 272 a
person makes a declaration of uninundated land in Antipera Pela to the elders of Pela.
The lands of Antipera Pela probably reached the desert edge (Rowlandson, op. cit. 12,
with reference to the Nothern Desert canal mentioned in P.Coll.Youtie 68).

35

Position in official lists of villages: last after Paeimis [P.Oxy. 1659]


Categories of land: royal [P.Col. 272]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Col. 272]; private
[implied by P.Oxy. 2473, where land is assessed at both 1 and 2 artabas per aroura]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2473, 2474(?), 4117]; flax [P.Oxy. 3256,
3260, P.Coll.Youtie 68]
Associated kleroi: of Paidinos [P.Col. 272]; of Dionysios Soleus and another of Diokles
[P.Coll.Youtie 68]; of Rhodon and Agasikrates [P.Oxy. 2473]; of Sisines and Abdieus
[P.Oxy. 2474]; of Nikobios [P.Oxy. 3256]
Irrigation: Nothern Desert (oreinos boreinos) canal [P.Coll.Youtie 68]; reservoir
(limne) close to a cistern (lakkos) of Diogenis and within(?) the pool (charybdis) of
Pasinikos [P.Coll.Youtie 68]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelia Herakleidiaina, matrona stolata and daughter of
Herakleides, bouleutes of Alexandria [P.Coll.Youtie 68]; Theon, gymnasiarchos and
bouleutes [P.Oxy. 2473]; Aurelius Ptollion and Aurelius Apion alias Ammonios,
kosmetai [P.Oxy. 2473]; Aurelius Heron alias Sarapion, former gymnasiarchos and
prytanis [P.Oxy. 3256]; Aurelius Theon alias Zoilion [P.Oxy. 4117]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]
Other: in P.Oxy. 3856 the village is the source for the usual fuel ( )
for baths (chaff, straw, wood?).
Note: cf. also above s.v. , and P.Oslo II 26.89 (5/4 BCE) ( )
below s.v. .

- Apelle
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8584
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.27 ()
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.20 ([]())
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.81, 82
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.14, 23 (= SB XXIV 16324.21),
45, 72, 79, 82, 88, 89, 170, 173,
211 (frequently )
P.Oxy. LV 3804.84, 91, 116, 145, 152, 155,

late V
528/543/558
540/41
557

epoikion
epoikion

566

epoikion/ktema

epoikion/ktema

36

16061, 225, 264 ()


P.Oxy. XVI 1892.11, 46 ()
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.4 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.31 ()
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.12 ()
PSI III 179.15

581
VI
late VI
late VI
601 or 602

ktema

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Pakiak, Kisson, Trigyou, Loukiou,
Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern
part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (see P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). Apelle shares an
ergodioktes with Kisson in P.Oxy. 3804.155, implying that they were particularly close
neighbours within the prostasia. In P.Oxy. 1911.89 and 3804.161 there is mention of
land encroached by sand (psammochostos), suggesting that the village was close to the
desert edge. For other connections with Isieion Panga, cf. P.Oxy. 2032.8083. The
village is perhaps related to the (near Neslaitself near
Isieion Pangain the Upper toparchy) in SB XX 14464.9 (II); cf. also P.Oxy. XIV 1745 i
(early III) with BL VIII 249.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3804.34]
Irrigation: limne [P.Oxy. 1911.89]; mechane [P.Oxy. 1911.169 ( ),
173 ( ), P.Oxy. 1892.30 ( ), P.Oxy.
2244 ( ), PSI 179]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 1892.312, 2035]
Topographical features: oil-factory (geouchikon elaiourgeion) with stone-mill [P.Oxy.
3804.264]; dovecote [P.Oxy. 3804.31]
Animals: unspecified animal (zoon) bought from Apelle for use in the badistikon stablon
[P.Oxy. 3804.225]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911.72, 3804.145]; (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 1892, 3804.29,
PSI 179]
Occupations: brickmakers [P.Oxy. 1911.79, 3804.152]; Apionic ergodioktes [P.Oxy.
1911.82, 3804.155]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3804.225 (Theodoros)]; oil-worker
(elaiourgos) [P.Oxy. 3804.265]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2244, 3804.31, 34]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy.
3804.34]
Noteworthy landowners: most attestations relate to the Apion estate [certainly P.Oxy.
1911, 2032, 2207, 2244, 3804, PSI 179]
Taxes and other imposts: poll-tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 3804.30]

37

** - Api.ap
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9287
P.Col. X 289.10 ([ ]
)

331

Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Col. 289; cf. R. Mller-Wollermann, ZPE 96 (1993) 1234,
for a possible localisation]

** - Apionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8596
P.Oxy. II 287.6

23

komai [sic]

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Note: The genitive is perhaps a personal name rather than a toponym given
the plural komai.

- Apolloniados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9946
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.82

VI

* - Apollonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8616

38

P.Theon. 27.5
P.Harr. I 78.315
SB I 1945.3
P.Oxy. VI 893.2
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.14
P.Oxy. XVI 1867.2

161
453
V/VI
VI/VII
621
VII

epoikion
chorion(?)
kome
kome
(BL II 103)

Etymology: < Greek personal name or theonym .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3960]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) of Basilios and Libanos [P.Harr. 78]
Officials: epimeletes [P.Harr. 78]; meizon [P.Oxy. 893]
Occupations: linen-seller (othoniopoles) [P.Theon. 27]
Noteworthy landowners: it is not clear from P.Theon. 27 whether the Iulii Theones had
interests in this village. The Apion estate purchases wine from inhabitants of this village
[P.Oxy. 3960].
Taxes and other imposts: tax for maintenance of dikes [P.Harr. 78]
Note: this village is probably to be identified with the well-attested Cynopolite village of
the same name, on which see Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 1578.

See Miscellanea Toponomastica, ZPE (forthcoming 2012)


on P.Erl. 101.31, 43

* - Areos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8648

15

Nikolaos Gonis has kindly communiated to me the following correction to lines 45 from one of his

unpublished notes: () | [] | (for


see already BL II 79); cf. below s.v. for a place called ( ) in the Upper toparchy.

39

P.Oxy. XVI 1913.36


P.Oxy. XVI 1911.178
P.Oxy. LV 3804.244, 248
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.132

c. 555?
557
566
576/7?

kome
kome
kome
kome

337

kome

Uncertain instance:
SB VI 9270.2, 19 ([][], [])

Etymology: < Greek personal name or theonym .


Relative location: see Note below.
Cultures/agricultural products: fodder cultivation (all P.Oxy. documents record the
purchase of hayseed from the village by pronoetai of the Apion estate).
Noteworthy landowners: all P.Oxy. instances belong to the Apion archive, but there is
no indication that the estate had interests in this village.
Note: Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite 70, believes that this village is equivalent to its
homonymous counterpart in the Hermopolite nome. Cf. P.Oxy. 3804.244 n.: It might
well have been convenient to go southwards for the purchase of seed, since the portion
of the Apion estates here concerned lay in the south of the Oxyrhynchite nome (cf. also
246 n.).

See s.v. ()

- Arkisou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8950
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.62

VI

Relative location: mentioned alongside Pateo and Trene [P.Oxy. 2197].


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197]

40

() - Arkyonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8667
PSI I 80.13

VI?

Occupations: georgos [PSI 80]


Note: the settlement is perhaps identical with , and/or
.

- Aroures
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8673
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.39, 88, 94
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.7

576/7?
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) aroura.


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Nekonthis, Kainon,
Tancheo, Sypheos, Amokos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989.
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2195]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2195.88]; donation to the church for the feast day of St Gabriel
[P.Oxy. 2195.88]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 2195.42, 43]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2195.94]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025, 2195]

- Harpokra
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8674

41

SB XIV 12130.3, 9, 15
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.181, 185 (cf. BL XI 155), 187
P.Oxy. LVIII 3936.25 (BL X 156)
SB XXII 15487.23

V/VI
557
598
598

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]
Occupations: potters [P.Oxy. 1911]; estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3936 with BL X 156
(Pamouthios), SB 15487 (Pamouthios)]
Noteworthy landowners: P.Oxy. 1911 belongs to the Apion archive, but there is no
indication that the estate had interests in this village; Fl. Strategios paneuphemos [P.Oxy.
3936, SB 15487]

** - Harpocheos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8676
SB I 1973.2

- Artapatou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8687
P.Turner 24.7
SB XIV 11292.1
P.Oxy. XIV 1637.28, 29
SB XXVI 16570.62 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Corn. 36.7 (BL VIII 91)
P.Giss. I 101.11 ([)
P.Oxy. X 1285.[17], 110
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.2 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. LXXV 5062.5
P.Laur. III 70.7, 14
P.Harr. I 100.2

14854
II
25661
290
III
III
III
III

epoikion

late III
367
V

epoikion
epoikion

42

SB I 1945.4

V/VI

chorion(?)

Etymology: < Persian personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Arabic/modern counterpart: Burtubat al-Gabal (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 99).
Relative location: near Tholthis of the Middle toparchy [P.Oxy. 1637.28: ()
[]; mentioned with Philiska [P.Harr. 100]
Position in official lists of villages: between Sento and Plelo [P.Oxy. 1285]; last after
Herakleion [P.Corn. 36]; between Petenoureos and Senopotheos [SB 16570]; between
Plelo and Psobthis [Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1637]; reeds [P.Oxy. 1637]; wheat [P.Oxy.
1637]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Turner 24]; confiscated [P.Turner 24]
Associated kleroi: of Simias [P.Turner 24]
Topographical features: farmsteads (epoikia) [P.Oxy. 1637]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Giss. 101]; pronoetes [P.Laur. 70]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelia Herakleidiaina, matrona stolata, daughter of
Herakleides, bouleutes of Alexandria [P.Oxy. 1637]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition for meat [SB 16570]

- Artokopion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8692
P.Iand. III 51.18
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.8

VI
VI

Etymology: presumably named after a bakery.

43

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [both instances]

- Archibiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8704
P.Oxy. XLIX 3489.3031
P.Oxy. X 1285.64
SB XIV 12130.6, [19]

72/3
III
V/VI

epoikion

Delendum: P.Oslo III 114.5 (I/II); see P. J. Sijpesteijn, ZPE 68 (1987) 14041.
Etymology: < Greek personal name .
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy
Relative location: a lessee of land in Thmoithothis (Upper toparchy) is required to pay
rent at the threshing floor of Archibiou, suggesting that the two localities were near one
another (the lessee is from Peretnouis in the neighbouring Cynopolite nome) [P.Oxy.
3489].
Position in official lists of villages: between Senyris and Sinkepha [P.Oxy. 1285]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 3489]
Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]

** - Asklou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8728
P.Oxy. VI 922 .1

VI/VII

Etymology: < Greek personal name (?).


Animals: horses [P.Oxy. 922]

44

** [ - Askoub.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8729
SB I 1989(h)

chorion

- Aspida
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8731
P.Oxy. XVI 1832.2
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.15
P.Oxy. XVIII 2204.5
P.Oxy. LXIX 4755.10
P.Iand. III 51.4
P.Oxy. XVI 2029.2
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.12

V/VI
528/543/558
550/51 or 565/6
586
VI
VI
VI

<epoikion>

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: in the Apionic prostasia of Kyamon, Phna, Perouen and Spania
(former Lower toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2204]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2029 (called ) , 2244 (called
), 4755]
Animals: camels [P.Oxy. 2029]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1832 (mentioning its stolen holy treasures, )]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2029 (Apollos), 2207 (Paulos)]; phrontistes
[P.Oxy. 2029]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2244, 4755 (enapographoi)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2029, 2204, 2207, 2244, P.Iand. 51]; Fl.
Ioannes, vir gloriosissimus, son and heir of Euphemia [P.Oxy. 4755]

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 545 s.v. (add


P.Mich. inv. 4004.vi.11, ed. in BASP 46 (2009) 47)

45

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3036

- Hateriou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8749
P.Oxy. X 1322 descr.

413

epoikion

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1322]
Religion: priest (presbyteros) [P.Oxy. 1322]
Officials: boethos [P.Oxy. 1322]
Occupations: ampelourgos [P.Oxy. 1322]

- Aynchis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8765
P.Hib. II 248 fr.ii.12

c. 250 BCE

Position in official lists of villages: between Mermertha and Nesmimis (and therefore
probably in the Upper toparchy; see Pruneti, I centri s.v.) [P.Hib. 248]
Cultures/agricultural products: olive-oil [P.Hib. II 248]

*** - Achae
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11676
P.Harr. I 88.21 (provenance unknown)
P.Oxy. XVI 1978.3 (BL XI 157)

V
VI

46

*** - Achan
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8796
BGU VI 1241.6

late III BCE

kome

- Achila
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9771
P.Oxy. LV 3795.24

early IV

epoikion

Etymology: presumably the phonetic equivalent of the genitive of [personal name]


, cf. F. T. Gignac, Grammar ii 1618 (n. ad loc.).
Administrative subdivision: 4th pagus

47


- Baeioumou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3729
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.218

VI

ktema

Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197]; mechane ( []) [P.Oxy. 2197]


Occupations: gardener (kepouros) [P.Oxy. 2197]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197]

- Baki.
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3746
PSI VIII 953.13

567/8

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 953]

See s.v.

( ) - Basil( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3767
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.27

21821

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Position in official lists of villages: between Sinkepha and Nesmimis [P.Oxy. 1659]

48

Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]


Note: cf. also p. 39 n. 14.

** - Bassiados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8983
P.Oxy. XLII 3087.6 ( ) III/IV

- Bapheon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3784
P.Oxy. VII 1052.10 ([]), 12 (())

after 362

Etymology: lit. village/hamlet of (the) dyers.


Administrative subdivision: probabile una localizzazione di questo centro nella
o nella , poich gli altri villaggi che compaiono nel papiro appartengono
alluna o allaltra toparchia (Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1.).
Cultures/agricultural products: wool [P.Oxy. 1052]
Note: cf. also P.Mert. I 27.3 n.

- Belesiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3791
SB XXIV 16312.14
P.Harr. I 163.3 (BL XI 92)
P.Stras. VIII 800.1, verso

549?
VI
VI

epoikion
epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [SB 16312]

49

Irrigation: mechane (called ) [SB 16312]


Occupations: estate pronoetes16 (Theodoros) [P.Stras. 800]
Noteworthy landowners: domus divina (Justinian II) [SB 16312]

* - Berky
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3797
N.B.: Only the attestations of the sixth and seventh centuries are listed, when the village
appears to have belonged to the territory of Oxyrhynchus; prior to the fifth century it
belonged to the Hermopolite nome (see the literature in Verreth, A Survey of Toponyms
101 s.v., to which add Mitthof, APF 49 (2003) 2089).17 In the eighth century it belonged
to the Theodosiopolite nome; see the new edition and discussion of P.Bal. 355 by N.
Gonis, ZPE 142 (2003) 1769.
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.49
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.58
PSI VII 786.10. 27
P.Oxy. XIV 1720.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.23

540/41
c. 555?
581
VI
VI/VII

kome
kome
kome

Relative location: named together with Tapeklam in P.Oxy. 2025. P.Oxy. 3598.2 n.: On
the border of the Hermopolite and Oxyrhynchite nomes, on the West bank of the Nile.
In the same Apionic prostasia as Chysis (Upper toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2032].
Arabic/modern counterpart: Kom al-Rahib (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 97); less
plausibly al-Burgaya (cf. APF 49 (2003) 208 n. 4).
Religion: monks [P.Oxy. 1913, PSI 786]; monastery (oros) [PSI 786]

16

For the resolution () in P.Stras. VIII 800 verso, see G. Azzarello, N. Gonis, ZPE 171 (2009)

212.
17

Mitthof claims that the village shifted twice between the Hermopolite and the Oxyrhynchite in the

course of the fourth century, on the basis of P.Oxy. L 3598 (early IV) and XLVIII 3400 (c. 35965); but
these documents, though found at Oxyrhynchus, do not explicitly attribute Berky to the territory of this
city.

50

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032 (Abraamios;


)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1913, 2025, 2032]

* - Besiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3810
P.Bad. IV 97.20

VII/VIII

chorion

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Occupations: georgoi
Note: the Oxyrhynchite provenance of the document is uncertain (cf. line 30 with BL IX
14).

- Bto
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8997
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3429.7

IV

Note ad loc.: Metathesis for ? (see below s.v.).

51


** - Gaianou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3918
P.Oxy. VIII 1141.6

III

chorion

Etymology/form: may be the genitive of the name or an adjective from


like , etc. (editors note ad loc.).
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1141 the phrontistes of Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd
pagus) is ordered to issue wine for work on this chorion. Rather than a settlement it was
probably a vineyard in the area Seryphis. Cf. also Pruneti, I centri s.v.

- Garous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11677
P.Sijp. 37.13

VII/VIII

chorion

Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]

See s.v.

- Geronta
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3945
P.Oxy. XII 1448.10

after 324

epoikion

52

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: probably 8th pagus (see P.Oxy. 1448 introd.)
Position in official lists of villages: between Dositheou and Petrok( ) [P.Oxy. 1448]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

** () - Gerontiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3946
SB I 1945.5

V/VI

chorion(?)

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Note: cf. the edaphos in P.Oxy. LXVIII 4687.9 (441), said to be in the area of
Mermertha (former Upper toparchy). Cf. also the place-name ( ) in P.Lond. V
1763.9 (VII/VIII), but the provenance of the papyrus is unknown.

See s.v.

- Graeidos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3963
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.89, 123 (BL VIII 251), 138, 143,
153

before 566

epoikion

Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Papsau, Theou, Chenetorios,


Samakionos and Petne [P.Oxy. 1912]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine (neophyta choria) [P.Oxy. 1912.152]
Topographical features: mill [P.Oxy. 1912.95]

53

Religion: deacon [P.Oxy. 1912.90]


Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 1912.94]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1912.122]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912.96]

- Gymnasion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11678
P.Sijp. 37.4

VII/VIII

chorion

Etymology: lit. chorion of (the) gymnasia.


Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]

54


- Dareiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3990
P.Erl. 37.8

VI?

epoikion

Etymology: < Hellenized Persian personal name .


Occupations: phrontistes who is also an enapographos georgos [P.Erl. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: Flavia Anastasia, femina gloriosissima [P.Erl. 37 (see BL X 66)]

- Daphnou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3996
P.Oxy. XVI 2042.8

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2042]

* - Dachmon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3999
P.Oxy. XII 1517.18

272 or 278

- Deilou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4003

55

SB XII 10942.24

4 BCE

epoikion

Topographical features: threshing floors [SB 10942]


Note: it is unclear whether the terms of this elaborate land lease relate to land in the
vicinity of this epoikion. If so, one should include wheat, barley, arakos and chortos
among the agricultural products of the area, a pair of bulls among its animals, and an
apparently dried-up canal (dioryx) among its irrigation apparatus.

- Didoimeratos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4038
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.107

576/7?

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

[ - Dio.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9963
SB XIV 11265.3

before 240/41 (BL XI 213)

Officials: sitologos [SB 11265]


Note: in the edition the toponym was read as [; but Pruneti, I centri 42,
notes: dalla riproduzione fotografica [Aeg. 54 (1974) Tav. II], sembra che le tracce dopo
lomicron si adattino meglio a una lettura [.

- Diogenous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9443
P.Oxy. LV 3787.65

c. 31320?

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .

56

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy(?) (deduced from its proximity to


Taampeti)
Relative location: The place was presumably a small one in the vicinity of Tampetei (n.
ad loc.).
Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

- Dionysiados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=565
PSI VIII 948.2, 11, 13

345/6

ktema

484

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4696.8 n.

Etymology: < Greek female personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 948]
Note: for the Oxyrhynchite provenance of PSI 948, see Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1, and R.
S. Bagnall and K. A. Worp, Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt (2nd ed.; Leiden
2004) 57 n. 2 (cf. BL VII 238).

** - Dionysou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9793
SB XIV 11908.7 (cf. ZPE 151 (2005) 1413)
P.Oxy. XVII 2153.3

c. 260
III

ktema
chorion

Etymology: < Greek personal name or theonym .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2153, SB 11908]
Animals: oxen [P.Oxy. 2153]

57

Occupations: ampelourgos [SB 11908]; builder (oikodomos) [P.Oxy. 2153]; carpenter


(tekton) [P.Oxy. 2153]
Note: this was probably the name of a vineyard rather than a settlement.

- Dios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4093
SB XVI 13035.12, 26
P.Oxy. XIV 1735.6
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.9

341
IV
V/VI

epoikion
chorion
epoikion

Uncertain instance: see above, s.v. [


Etymology: lit. hamlet of Zeus.
Relative location: in SB 13035 two men from Dios farm land in the field of Kosmou,
suggesting perhaps that Dios was also in the territory of the former Lower toparchy (cf.
Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1735]
Occupations: ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1735]; ergatai [P.Wash.Univ. 102]; georgoi [SB
13035]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Wash.Univ. 102]

- Dioskoureion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4083
SB XIV 11908.12 (cf. ZPE 151 (2005) 1413)
P.Oxy. XIX 2241.11
SB III 6612.4

c. 260
283/4
365

ktema
epoikion

484

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4696.8 n.

58

Etymology: presumably named after a shrine of the Dioscuri.


Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus
Relative location: in the vicinity of Sinkepha (Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus) and near the
Bahr Yusuf [P.Oxy. 2241.10, 34, 53, SB 6612].
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2241]; chortos [P.Oxy. 2241]; lachanon
[P.Oxy. 2241]; wine [SB 11908]
Associated kleroi: of Herakleodoros [P.Oxy. 2241]; of Isokrates [P.Oxy. 2241]; of
Polydeukes [P.Oxy. 2241]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 2241.32]
Religion: see above under Etymology.
Occupations: irrigator (hydroparochos) [P.Oxy. 2241 (restored)]; cultivator (aroter)
[P.Oxy. 2241]; mechanarios [P.Oxy. 2241]; surveyor (geometres) of an ousia [P.Oxy.
2241.6]; ampelourgos [SB 11908]

* - Dionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3438
P.Oxy. XLI 2981.4

II

<kome?>

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Editors note ad loc.: Apparently ... a place on the way from Pacerce to Alexandria.

- Dositheou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2852
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.13
P.Bad. IV 74.14, 16
P.Iand. VI 108.6 descr.

92
138
c. 200

epoikion
epoikion

59

SB XXII 15738.2, 4
P.Oxy. XLII 3048.16
SB V 7814.8
P.Oxy. XII 1413.16
SB XXVI 16570.93 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.[46], 139
P.Oxy. LXI 4118.2
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.52
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.9, 13, 14
P.Oxy. LV 3795.28
P.Col. X 284.3 = SB XXII 15769
P.Oxy. LV 3787.1
P.Oxy. XVII 2124.6
P.Oxy. XII 1424.6
P.Oxy. LV 3790.8
P.Oxy. XII 1425.6
P.Oxy. LIV 3746.25
P.Oxy. XII 1448.5, 8
SB XVI 13035.43, 56, 59
SB XIV 12130.4, 10, 16
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.19, 78, 127
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.3

201/2
246
256
272
290
III
III (after 245)
III/IV
early IV
early IV
311
c. 31320?
316
31618
317/18
318
319
after 324
341
V/VI
576/7?
VI

epoikion
epoikion

kome

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy; 8th pagus
Relative location: probably near the western desert (P.Oxy. 3333 introd.). Near the
epoikion Petrok [P.Col. 284, P.Oxy. 3307]. Near Krariou [P.Oxy. 3307.15 with BL VIII
269], Skytalitidos [P.Oxy. 3307.17, 18], Sarapa [P.Oxy. 3307.20] and Teersais(?) [P.Oxy.
3787.3 with n. ad loc.].
Position in official lists of villages: between Isieion Tryphonos and Souis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Takona and Kosmou [P.Oxy. 1747]; last after Souis [P.Oxy. 3307]; between
Sinary and Takona [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: achyron [P.Bad. 74]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3048]; barley [SB
13035]; chortos [SB 13035]
Associated kleroi: of Attinos [SB 13035]; of Onesimos [SB 13035]
Topographical features: dovecote (peristereon) [SB 7814]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]

60

Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]
Officials: village elder (presbyteros) [P.Bad. 74]; archephodos [P.Iand. 108]; tax-collector
(of military clothing: ) [P.Oxy. 1424]; tesserarius
[P.Oxy. 1425]; collectors of corn-dues (apaitetai sitou) [P.Oxy. 2124]; desert guard
(eremophylax) [P.Oxy. 3333]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 4118]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 1425]; pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3048]; phrontistes
[P.Oxy. 3048]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 3048, SB 13035]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 3048]; slave [SB
15738.19]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1424, 1448]; epikephalaion poleos
[P.Oxy. 3787]; requisition of meat [P.Oxy. 3790, SB 16570]
Noteworthy landowners: Leonides, bouleutes [P.Oxy. 1413]; Calpurnia Herakleia alias
Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3048]; Imperial treasury (hierotaton tameion) [P.Oxy. 3307]; Aurelius
Theon son of Theon, Antinoite citizen and kosmetes and bouleutes of Oxyrhynchus [SB
7814]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]
Other: According to P.Bad. 74 Dositheou had to deliver hay (achyron) to support the
construction of the theatre in Antinoopolis. In P.Oxy. 4118 the komarchai of Dositheou
harbour a fugitive liturgist from Psobthis (presumably that of the Lower toparchy/9th
pagus).

61


[ - E..[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9965
P.Oslo III 101.8

163/4

Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) land [P.Oslo 101]

[ - E...[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11693
P.Oxy. LVII 3911.5

199

[ - E...[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9967
P.Oxy. VII 1053.30 (BL VIII 240)

VI/VII

Occupations: potamitai [P.Oxy. 1053 with BL VIII 240]

[ - E.....[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9966
SB XIV 12130.36

V/VI

Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]

62

- E...epouchia
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9968
P.Harr. I 137.18

II

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Harr. 137]

- E.ates
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11679
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4964.5

IV

epoikion

Occupations: ergates (requisitioned for work in Alexandria) [P.Oxy. 4964]


Note: the second letter of this toponym is uncertain; possibilities put forward by the
editor ad loc. include (an implausible place name) and (nu is
difficult).

See s.v.

See s.v.

** ( ) - Eir( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4147
SB I 1989 (f)

chorion

63

, - Eirenarcheion, Mega
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4149
P.Oxy. I 141.45 (. .)
P.Oxy. XVI 2012.2 (. .)
P.Oxy. XVI 1979.9 (. .) (see JJP 32 (2002) 30)

503
590
614

P.Sijp. 37.7 (. .)

VII/VIII

epoikion (15)
ktema (17)
chorion

Etymology: The name of the settlement seems to suggest the presence of a police station
in the area (N. Gonis, JJP 32 (2002) 30 [9 n.]).
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 141 the settlement occurs among two villages of the former
Thmoisepho toparchy (Kesmouchis, Sepho), suggesting that it lay in the same area.
Named with Aktouariou in P.Oxy. 2012.
Occupations: field-guards (agrophylakes) [P.Oxy. 141]; guard (phylax) [P.Oxy. 1979];
enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 1979]; ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Oxy. 141]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1979, 2012].

* - Eirenes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4150
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.6

V/VI

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek female personal name (less likely , peace).


Occupations: ergates [P.Wash.Univ. 102]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Wash.Univ. 102]
Note: perhaps identical with the epoikion of the same name attested in SB III 6612.11
(365), where it is described as part of the territory of the Hermopolite village Berky (and
therefore near the border with the Upper toparchy of the Oxyrhynchite nome), and
P.Oxy. LVIII 3955.6 (611), where the editor restores | [
.].

64

* [ - Eio.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4153
P.Giss. I 30.10

14061

kome

Note: the Oxyrhynchite provenance of this document is uncertain. Cf. also below s.v.
.

- Hekkaideka Arouron
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4155
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.48
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.24 (BL VIII 256)

528/543/558
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: lit. the hamlet of sixteen arouras.


Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2244]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025, 2244]
Note: given both hamlets connection with the Apion estate,
may be identical to below.

- Hekkaidekaton
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4157
P.Lond. III 775.10 p. 279 ()

567

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
SB XX 14642.6 = P.Wash.Univ. I 32
(cf. P. Pruneti, Aeg. 61 (1981) 120)

III/IV

65

Etymology: lit. sixteenth hamlet.


Irrigation: mechane [P.Lond. 775]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Lond. 775]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Lond. 775]
Note: given both hamlets connection with the Apion estate, may be
identical to above.

- Eleel
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4173
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.70

VI

Occupations: estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2027 (anonymous)]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate(?) [P.Oxy. 2027]

- Helikonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4177
SB XIV 11960.122
P.Oxy. XLII 3087.5
PSI VIII 948.718
P.Mich. XX 326.30 (())

II (2nd half)
III/IV
345/6
c. 35575

ktema

Administrative subdivision: 4th pagus


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 948]

18

For the Oxyrhynchite provenance of PSI 948, see Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1, and R. S. Bagnall and K. A.

Worp, Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt (2nd ed.; Leiden 2004) 57 n. 2 (cf. BL VII 238).

66

- Enteiis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2512
P.Princ. II 42.5, 9 (BL IX 218), 20, 31, 33
P.Oxy. III 616.3, 14 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 184)
P.Oxy. LXVII 4589.37, 423
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.23 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 189)
P.Oxy. XLI 2968.16
P.Oxy. XII 1510.4, 10 (see ZPE 174 (2010) 1578)
SB XII 11228.6, 1112, 24
P.Oxy. LXXII 4890.5, 6, 7, 9
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.15, 123
P.Daris inv. 226.4, 12, 14 (see SEP 1 (2004) 59)
P.Oxy. X 1285.68 (BL I 334)
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.[18], 41, 69, 135, introd.
()
P.Oxy. LXIII 4356.10
PSI VIII 945.21
SB XIV 12156.ii.6 ()
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2730.5
BGU XVII 2700.2

92/3
c. 162
1713
188
190
II/III
204
211
21821
225/6
III
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
IV

topoi

<kome>/topoi
<kome>
topoi

<kome>

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Relative location: P.Oxy. VIII 1112 mentions acacia trees on the embankment of
Enteiis and Thosbis, which are designated for purchase by the village elders of
Nesmimis, suggesting close proximity between these three villages of the Upper
toparchy (cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 189).
Position in official lists of villages: last after Chysis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Athychis
and Thosbis [P.Oxy. 1659.15]
Categories of land: private [P.Princ. 42.9 (BL IX 218)]; cleruchic [P.Princ. 42.9 (BL IX
218)]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 4356]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Princ. 42, SB 11228]; acacia trees [P.Oxy.
1112]; lentils [P.Oxy. 4356]; chortos [P.Oxy. 4356]
Associated kleroi: of Spokeus [SB 11228]; of Philetion [SB 11228]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 1112]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2730]
Topographical features: threshing floor [SB 11228]

67

Animals: pig [SB 12156]; ox [SB 12156]


Officials: komarches [BGU 2700]; epistates eirenes [BGU 2700]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 2730];
field-guard (pediophylax) [P.Oxy. 2730]; agents of the peace ( ) [P.Oxy.
2730]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 2730]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 616, 1510, 2968, 4589, 4890];
komogrammateus [P.Daris inv. 226]
Occupations: donkey driver [P.Oxy. 2730 (not certainly from Enteiis)]; secretary of
sitologos [P.Oxy. 1510]
Noteworthy landowners: Sarapion, gymnasiarchos [P.Oxy. 2730]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 12156]

See ZPE 174 (2010) 1578

See s.v. ( )

See BL VIII 156 on P.Kln III 141.11 and cf. below s.v.

- Episemou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2853
P.Oxy. XVIII 2188.5
P.Turner 25.8
PSI XIV 1408.12 (BL VIII 411)
P.Leid.Inst. 43.11
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.31
P.Oxy. XVII 2137.1112
P.Oxy. VII 1031.8
SB I 5806.6
SB I 1513.5 (BL II/2 114)

107
161
1914
II
21821
226
228
235
23955?

<epoikion>
<epoikion?>

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion

68

P.Harr. I 80.32
P.Oxy. IX 1192.2
P.Coll.Youtie II 125.6 (BL VIII 86)
P.Oxy. X 1285.55
P.Oxy. LX 4089.49
SB XVI 12523.5 = P.Med. I 86
P.Oxy. XVI 1878.5
P.Oxy. LV 3805.18, 85
P.Oxy. I 136.16, 43
P.Oxy. XVIII 2196.5
P.Oxy. LXX 4802.2, 9
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.12
P.Leid.Inst. 80A.ii.9

249
280
III
III
351
394
461
after 566
583
after 587
early VII
621
VII/VIII

<epoikion>
kome

kome
kome
kome
kome
chorion

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus


Position in official lists of villages: between Mermertha and Isieion Panga [P.Oxy.
1285]; last after Mermertha [P.Oxy. 1659]
Relative location: In P.Oxy. 1031 a farmer of public land in Sko (Upper toparchy) is
from Episemou, in P.Oxy. 2137 a lessee of land in Sko is likewise from Episemou, and in
SB 5806 the lessors of land around Sko (l. 14 with BL XII 183) are from Episemou: the
two villages must have been close neighbours; cf. also PSI 1408 with BL VIII 411 (
| [sc. ?]). Episemou is coupled with
Terythis (Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus) in SB 12523 and is in the same Apionic prostasia
as Adaiou (Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus) and Matreou [P.Oxy. 136, 2196]. These
indications suggest that it lay in the north-eastern corner of the Upper toparchy; see
further Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 11. In P.Turner 25 a man from Episemou
takes under lease fishing rights in Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus). The epoikion
Sekoundou was probably in the vicinity [P.Oxy. 4802.7].
Cultures/agricultural products: lentils [P.Oxy. 1192]; wheat [P.Oxy. 2188, PSI 1408];
wine [P.Oxy. 3960]; see also Note below.
Irrigation: see Note below.
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Harr. 80(?), P.Oxy. 2188]
Animals: donkeys [P.Coll.Youtie 125, SB 1513]
Officials: apaitetai annones [P.Oxy. 1192]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 136, 2196 (Serenus, who is also deacon)]; nonApionic (third-century) pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1192]; guard (phylax) [P.Oxy. 4802]

69

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 136, 2196, 3805, 3960, 4802
(pagarchoumene by the Apiones)]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; grain collected from Episemou by
the epimeletes of the military camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]
Note: since the beginning of the document is lost, it is unclear whether the terms of the
land lease P.Harr. 80 relate to land around Episemou (in whose threshing floor the rent
is to be paid). The lease mentions wheat, chlora, lachanospermon, acacia trees,
hydreumata, and a mechane.

- Eremos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4224
P.Oxy. II 240.2 (] )

37

<kome(?)> (6)

Etymology: lit. desert village.

- Hereseos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9455
SB XX 14399.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1771.6 (BL IX 188)

II/III
III/IV

kome

Etymology: un toponyme partir du nom du dieu Horus (M. Blume and H. Melaerts,
CE 65 (1990) 285 n. 23, with reference to W. Clarysse and J. Quaegebeur, SO 47 (1982)
6985, esp. 7781). I have accordingly printed the name with a rough breathing.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1771, mentioning jars of old wine labeled
() ]
Note: the kome in P.Oxy. XXXI 2577.3 (mid-III) cannot be identified with the
present village as it is now believed to refer to a village in the Prosopite nome; see D.
Hagedorn, ZPE 136 (2001) 1512.

70

- Erit
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4227
P.Ross.Georg. III 17.5

VI/VII

Note: for some instances of this village in Coptic and Arabic sources, see E. Amlineau,
La gographie de lgypte lpoque copte (Paris 1890) 159.

- Hermokratous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9056
P.Kln III 141.7

57/8

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: probably Middle toparchy (see P.Kln 141.8 n.)
Categories of land: hypologos [P.Kln 141]; confiscated [P.Kln 141]; former vineland
(chersos) [P.Kln 141]

- Herodou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4253
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.169, 181

577/6?

ktema (171)

Relative location: apparently in the Apionic prostasia of Nekonthis, which was in the
northern part of the nome [P.Oxy. 2195].
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2195.169 (called ), 170 (called ), 171 (called
)]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2195.170]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

71

Note: perhaps identical with the chorion (see below s.v.).

- Erotos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4256
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.61, 68, 87, 93, 120, 142
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.97
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.26 (BL VI 106)

576/7?
VI
VI

epoikion/ktema

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: In the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Nekonthis, Aroures,
Kainon, Tancheo, Sypheos, Amokos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989. Probably on the Bahr Yusuf to judge from the mention of
the ferryman and ferryboat in P.Oxy. 2195.73 (less likely the Nile, to which the Lower
toparchy did not have a frontage).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine(?) [P.Oxy. 2195.71 (see Hickey, A Public House
but Closed 261)]
Topographical features: bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 2195.72]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2195.62, 64]; church [P.Oxy. 2195.87]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 2195.71, 72]; ferryman (porthmarios) [P.Oxy. 2195.73];
brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2195.93]; ampelourgoi(?) [P.Oxy. 2195.71 (see Hickey,
A Public House but Closed 261)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195, 2207]

- Euangeliou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4265
SB XIV 12130.32
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.12

V/VI
540/41

72

P.Oxy. XVI 1916.28


P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.86, 93, 134, 139, 146
P.Iand. III 51.5
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.11
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.22
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. LXVII 4623.1
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.6

after 547
576/7?
VI
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
late VI

epoikion/ktema

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name (a rare form) or noun ,


the gospel.
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Nekonthis, Aroures,
Kainon, Tancheo, Sypheos, Amokos and Erotos [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989.
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2195.86, 4623 ( )]; priest [P.Oxy. 2195.135];
contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB 12130]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2195.134, 138, 139 (called )]; lakkos [P.Oxy.
2195.134, 138]
Animals: generic zoa (probably oxen) who had perished [P.Oxy. 2195.140]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916 (Phoibammon), 2032 (Anoup), 2034
(name unpreserved)]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2195.93]; potamites [P.Oxy.
2195.134]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2195.135, 139]; builder (oikodomos) and carpenter (tekton)
with overseer (epikeimenos) [P.Oxy. 2195.136, 137]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, all P.Oxy. instances]

- Eulogiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4278
P.Sakaon 44.8 = P.Thead. 17
P.Turner 44.8 (duplicate of P.Sakaon 44)

331/2
331/2

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: see Note below


Administrative subdivision: in the pagus of the praepositus Serenus [P.Turner 44]

73

Topographical features: the hamlet had gates (thyrai) [P.Sakaon 44, P.Turner 44]
Occupations: ampelourgos [P.Sakaon 44, P.Turner 44]; georgos [P.Sakaon 44, P.Turner
44]
Note: the hamlet was named after its owner Eulogios son of Nidas; cf. also the possibly
related in P.Oxy. XIX 2244.3 (VI), which was near
the Apionic settlement of Leonidou. Cf. M. Lewuillon-Blume, in Pap.Congr. XV 179.

()

See N. Gonis, ZPE 159 (2007) 271, on P.Wash.Univ. I 17.7,


and below s.v.

- Eunouchou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4282
P.Flor. I 65.4, 27

570/71

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) eunuch.


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Flor. 65]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Flor. 65]

** - Eutrygiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9070
P.Oxy. LI 3640.3

533

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 3640]

74

Topographical features: small orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy. 3640]; cf. the


in P.Oxy. XVI 1913.17 (c. 555?).
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3640]
Note: not certainly a toponym (see n. ad loc.).

- Eutychiados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4288
SB XVI 12484.7, 11, [21], 22 = P.Oxy. VI 996
P.Oxy. XVI 2019.4 (])

584
VI

epoikion/ktema

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Terythis and Theagenous (8th pagus)
[P.Oxy. 2019]. Perhaps near Megalou Moucheos [SB 12484].
Occupations: enapographos georgos [SB 12484]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2019, SB 12484]

** (?) - Ephemisias(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9833
P.Oxy. LXIII 4372.24, 45 (reading uncertain;
see 234 n.)

34199?

Etymology: It might originally have denoted a piece of land leased for a half share of the
crop (234 n.).
Administrative subdivision: 6th pagus

75

See s.v.

- Zoeila
P.Bibl.Univ.Giss. inv. 58.11
(see BASP 48 (2011) 1067)

590

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Bibl.Univ.Giss. inv. 58]
Noteworthy landowners: Flavia Anastasia, femina gloriosissima [P.Bibl.Univ.Giss. inv.
58]
Note: cf. the epoikion Zoeilou in SPP X 186.9 (provenance unknown; post 642).

( ) - Z.o( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9077
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.8

I BCE

Position in official lists of villages: between Seryphis(?) and Paeimis [P.Oxy. 3462]
Irrigation: work on a canal(?) [P.Oxy. 3462]
Editors note ad loc.: Perhaps ( ) = ()() might be intended, but the only
known villages of this name are in the Apollonopolite and Sebennyte nomes.

76


** - Elensaei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4338
P.Oxy. X 1252r.17 (]|), 25

after 294/5

Note: this place is designated a phrourion (fort) and its reading is not wholly certain.

- Hemiobelitou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9840
P.Oxy. LXIV 4441.ii.78, 13

316

epoikion

Administrative subdivision/Relative location: said to be near the village of Senekeleu


and therefore probably in the 3rd pagus [P.Oxy. 4441.ii.8]

- Hera Mousaiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11681
P.Sijp. 37.12

VII/VIII

chorion

Etymology: see Note below


Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Note: a man by the name of occurs in P.Oxy. XVI 2038.18 (VI/VII).

77

[ - Herakl[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11680
P.Laur. IV 159.4

426

<kome>/[kome]

- Herakla
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4342
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).23, 78, 80
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.55
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.9

590
VI
VI

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: palm trees [P.Oxy. 2243(a).27]
Irrigation: cistern/well (krene) [P.Oxy. 2197.57]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197.60]
Topographical features: aule [P.Oxy. 2197]; mill [P.Oxy. 2243(a).27]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2243(a).23]; church [P.Oxy. 2243(a).78]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2197]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2197.57, 60, 2243(a).25 etc.];
brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).80]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197, 2206, 2243(a)]
Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).26]
Note: according to Pruneti, I centri s.v., this village is perhaps identical with the earlier
attested epoikion (see below s.v. and cf. also Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni
94); on the variation between dental stem declension (-, -) and -stem Doric
declension (-, -) in the genitive and dative of nouns and names in -, see Gignac,
Grammar II 1618.

78

- Heraklatos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9085
P.Theon. 13.4

158

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Occupations: phrontistes [P.Theon. 13]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Theon. 13]
Note: probably identical with the later Apionic settlement ; see above s.v. with
Note.

- Herakleias
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3422
PSI VIII 948.8, 1919
P.Daris inv. 240.4 (ZPE 180 (2012) 2634)
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.6
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.3, 6, 13

345/6
IV
528/543/558
VI/VII

ktema
chorion

Etymology: < Greek female personal name .


Relative location: in the Apionic prostasia of Leonidou and Limeniados [P.Oxy. 1910;
mentioned immediately before Limeniados in P.Daris inv. 240]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Daris inv. 240, P.Oxy. 1910.13 (see BL XII 142),
PSI 948]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1910]

19

For the Oxyrhynchite provenance of PSI 948, see Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1, and R. S. Bagnall and K. A.

Worp, Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt (2nd ed.; Leiden 2004) 57 n. 2 (cf. BL VII 238).

79

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1910 (Ioannes)]; brickmakers (plintheutai)


[P.Oxy. 1910]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 1910]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910, 2244]

- Herakleidou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=777
P.Oxy. IV 838 descr.
PSI XIV 1409.8
PSI XV 1533.22
P.Oxy. XII 1537.5, 21
P.Oxy. XII 1528.1, 7
SB XXVI 16570.17 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.72
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.26
P.Oxy. XII 1430.7

136
1957
III (1st half?)
mid-III?
266/7?
290
III
III/IV
324

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
kome

Uncertain instance (see also Note below):


BGU XIII 2234.i.1 (see n. ad loc.)

218/19

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Position in official lists of villages: between Seryphis and Senokomis [P.Oxy. 1285]; last
after Syron [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Paeimis and Pela [SB 16570]
Categories of land: private, royal and hypologos [P.Oxy. 1537]
Topographical features: street [P.Oxy. 1537, PSI 1533 (public streetdemosia rhyme)];
vacant lot (psilos topos) in the southeastern part of the village [PSI 1533]; the perimetra
of the village are mentioned in P.Oxy. 1537.
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: tesserarius [P.Oxy. 1430]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 1430]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

80

Other: charcoal [P.Oxy. 1430]


Note: Pruneti, I centri s.v., suggests adding the epoikion Herakleidou in P.Bon. 14.1 (104
BCE), which was tentatively identified by the editor with the Arsinoite village of that
name. The characteristically Arisnoite personal name in line 5, however, does
not favour an Oxyrhynchite provenance for the papyrus.

- Herakleion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4345
P.Harr. II 194.910 (cf. n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. XII 1488.10
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.75
P.Oxy. LXXII 4891.3
SB IV 7443.8 ([]; cf. n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. X 1260.12
SB XXVI 16570.67 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Corn. 36.6
P.Oxy. X 1285.[9], 100
PSI Congr. XVII 26.2
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2020.21
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).11

183/4 or 215/16
II
21821
222
285
286
290
III
III
III
III/IV
c. 56788
590

<epoikion>
[kome]
kome
<epoikion>
<epoikion>
<epoikion>
epoikion
ktema
kome

Etymology: the village presumably draws its name from a temple of Herakles (cf.
Whitehorne, ANRW II 18.5 (1995) 3069).
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Relative location: on a waterway [P.Harr. 194: fishing; P.Oxy. 1488: fullers shop, a
trade requiring a large supply of running water (P.Harr. 194.910 n.)]. Near
Melanthiou and perhaps Peenno (Middle toparchy) [P.Harr. 194.910 with n. ad loc.].
In an Apionic prostasia comprising Senokomis (Western toparchy), Pesta, Notines
Paroriou and Taampemou (Eastern toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]
Position in official lists of villages: between Ophis and Seryphis [P.Oxy. 989]; between
Tanais and Nomou [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Toka and Takolkeilis [P.Oxy. 1659; SB
16570]; between Peenno and an uncertain village [P.Corn. 36]; first before Toka [PSI
Congr. XVII 26]

81

Cultures/agricultural products: barley [P.Oxy. 1260, PSI Congr. XVII 26, SB 7443]
Topographical features: workshop (ergasterion) [P.Oxy. 989, 1488 (not necessarily in
Herakleion)]; fullers shop (gnapheion) [P.Oxy. 1488]; lock-gate (thyra) for fishing
[P.Harr. 194]
Animals: fish [P.Harr. 194]; calf [SB 16570]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2243(a).15]; see also above under Etymology.
Officials: dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 1260]
Occupations: fuller [P.Oxy. 1488]; carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).19]; fishing
[P.Harr. 194]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; arkarika [P.Oxy. 2020]; requisition
of meat [SB 16570]

- Herakloasianou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4357
P.Oxy. XVI 1856.2

VI/VII

Relative location: named with Aktouariou(?) and Keuothis (Cynopolite nome, near the
border with the former Upper toparchy of the Oxyrhynchite nome) in P.Oxy. 1856.
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1856 (Ioseph)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1856]

** - Herodou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4360

82

SB I 1973.9

chorion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Note: perhaps identical with (see above s.v.).

83


[ ] [

See JJP 35 (2005) 96 on P.Oxy. X 1285.96 and cf. below s.v.


(under Uncertain instances)

See the full edition of P.Oxy. IV 794 descr. in ZPE 155


(2006) 2358 and cf. below s.v.

** [ - Th[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14022
P.Ant. III 199.19

II

- Thaesios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2971
PSI VII 819.3
c. 311?
P.Oxy. XVI 2007.4
early VI
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.36
528/543/558
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.1
VI
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.3, 189, 190, 206, 207 (BL VI 106) VI
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
late VI
P.Oxy. VIII 1147.19
late VI
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.18
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion
ktema
ktema

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian female personal name (Ta-is.t).


Relative location: possibly in the Apionic prostasia of Leonidou (which was probably in
the territory of the 7th pagus; see below s.v. ) [P.Oxy. 1910]. Perhaps near
Machausonos (see Note below).

84

Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]; various mechanai, lakkoi and


krenai are listed in P.Oxy. 2197.
Topographical features: oil-press (elaiourgeion) [P.Oxy. 2197.17]; horion (boundary
wall or Lat. horreum = granary?) [P.Oxy. 2197.18]; house [P.Oxy. 2197.25]
Religion: church(?) of St. Mary [P.Oxy. 2197.11]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1147 (anonymous), 1910 (Ioannes), 2007
(Ammonios)]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2007]; builders (oikodomoi) [P.Oxy.
2007]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2055, 2197.28 etc., 2244]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 1147, 1910, 2007, 2055, 2197, 2244]
Other: P.Oxy. 2055 lists 23 georgoi who had fled from Thaesios to the ktema
Machausonos belonging to the domus divina.
Note: Daris, Dizionario Suppl. 1 s.v. (p. 132), also includes T.Mom.Louvre 174.2 (II/III;
referred to there as CEML 174.2) as an attestation of the village, but this mummy label
probably stems from the Panopolite nome (see the HGV entry for the document), in
which case it would refer to a homonymous village in that nome.

** - Thakin
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4380
SB I 1989 i

chorion

- Thalassokaprou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4384
P.Oxy. XII 1448.20

after 324

Etymology: lit. hamlet (vel sim.) of (the) sea-boar (presumably a type of fish; cf. LSJ s.v.
II).
Administrative subdivision: probably in the 8th pagus (see P.Oxy. 1448 introd.)
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

85

* - Thalmaou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4388
P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.1, 15, 26, 36

565/66

Note: the above instances all relate to a boat-builder (naupeges) working on boats of the
Apion estate and said to be from this locality, but it is not clear whether it belonged to
the Oxyrhynchite nome. Cf. the village in the Hermopolite nome
(http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4391).

() - Thatysiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4409
P.Oslo III 114.9

I/II

epoikion

Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy


Relative location: presumably on the border with the Cynopolite nome (see Note
below).
Categories of land: catoecic (see Note below).
Note: the one aroura ceded by Paesis to Demetria [in P.Oslo 114] has by an odd
mistake been booked as belonging to the category of and situated in the
Cynopolitewhereas it really belonged to and was situated in the
Oxyrhynchite (P.Oslo 114 introd.).

- Theagenous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4414
P.Wisc. I 12.4, verso (BL VIII 201)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4928.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2019.4
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.

345
564
VI
VI

epoikion

86

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Terythis and Eutychiados [P.Oxy.
2019]
Occupations: irrigator (hydroparochos) [P.Wisc. 12]; ampelourgos [P.Wisc. 12]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 2019, 4928]

See BL X 258 under P.Stras. VIII 770v.8

* - Thelbo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4426
P.Oxy. IV 814 descr. ( )
P.Ryl. II 351 descr. ( [; BL XI 189)

17/18?
III

kome (BL XI 189)

Uncertain instance: P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2868.10 (147) ( ); see ZPE 170 (2009) 187.
Etymology: J. Yoyotte, MDAIK 16 (1958) 423 n. 3, cautiously suggests that could
corresponds to the Egyptian t-rbt-t, Le Grand Parc.
Occupations: shipwrights (paktonitai) [P.Oxy. 814]
Note: A village of the same name is also well attested in the Heracleopolite nome near
the border with the Oxyrhynchite; see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 712 s.v. and
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3058. It is unclear, however, whether
the above two instances refer to one and the same village (as Falivene suggests) or attest
an independent and homonymous village in the Oxyrhynchite nome.

87

- Thella
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4433
P.Oxy. XVI 1917.106

616/17?

Editors note: recalls the in [P.Oxy. XIV] 1745.4 (early III).

- Theou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4456
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.33, 95, 117, 123

before 566

epoikion

Etymology: lit. the hamlet of God.


Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Papsau, Chenetorios,
Samakionos, Graeidos and Petne [P.Oxy. 1912]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 1912.36]; church [P.Oxy. 1912.117]
Occupations: blacksmith (chalkeus) [P.Oxy. 1912.42]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy.
1912.122]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912]

See D. Hagedorn, ZPE 136 (2001) 1512 on P.Oxy. XXXI


2577

** (?) - Thessalon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9970
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.60 (.N. ())

III/IV

88

Note: it is unclear whether this is a toponym (so the editors) or an ethnic (CalderiniDaris, Dizionario II s.v.); cf. also Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1. If a toponym, it would have
been situated in the Lower toparchy.

** - Theonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4475
P.Oxy. VIII 1145.4

komai (sic)

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. IV 740.35 ([; cf. BL I 328)

c. 200/1

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Note: The genitive is perhaps a personal name rather than a toponym given the
plural komai; cf. similarly above s.v.

- Thmoithothis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7639
P.Hib. II 248 fr. 2.17 ()
P.Oxy. XLIX 3488.9 ([][])
P.Oxy. XLIX 3489.9
P.Oxy. IV 794.18 (= ZPE 155 (2006) 2358)
P.Princ. II 42.6, 22, 37 (BL IX 21819)

c. 250 BCE
70/71
72/3
85
92/3

Uncertain instance: SB I 1945.6 (V/VI). The editors read () and the village
is included below s.v. . W. Clarysse and N. Kruit, ZPE 82 (1990) 123 n. 2,
propose that should no doubt be supplemented in SB 1945, but this is not
based on an inspection of the document.
Etymology: T-mj-(n-)wtj, The new land of Thoth (Vandorpe, Egyptische
geografische elementen 95). ()- = T-mj indicates land formed by fluvial deposits;
see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6.

89

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Relative location: in P.Oxy. 3488 and 3489 lessees of land in Thmoithothis are from the
Cynopolite nome and are required to pay the rent in the threshing floors of Nigrou
(Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus) and Archibiou (Upper toparchy) respectively, suggesting
that these villages were relatively close to one another and near the Cynopolite border
(cf. Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 11 n. 14, who wonders, in view of the lack of
instances after the first century, whether the village was later transferred to the
Cynopolite nome).
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 794]
Cultures/agricultural products: olive-oil(?) [P.Hib. 248]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3488, 3489,
P.Princ. 42]; arakos [P.Oxy. 3488, 3489]
Associated kleroi: of Euphron son of Agathon [P.Oxy. 794]; of Peitholaos [P.Oxy. 3488];
of N.N. [P.Oxy. 3488]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 3488]

- Thmoinakomis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4504
P.Oxy. XLII 3047.[4], 44 (BL IX 199)
P.Oxy. LV 3805.67

245
after 566

Etymology: ()- = T-mj indicates land formed by fluvial deposits; see Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome 6. - = (n-)n-qmw, of Reeds?
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy
Relative location: within the administrative orbit of the village scribe of Phoboou
(Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), along with other Eastern toparchy villages
(Thmoinepsobthis, Osoronnophrios, Schoibis, Tychinnekotis) [P.Oxy. 3047].
Apparently near Nesos Tapetroniou [P.Oxy. 3805].
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 3047]; hypologos [P.Oxy. 3047]; uninundated
(abrochos) [P.Oxy. 3047]; artificially irrigated (epentlemene) [P.Oxy. 3047]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3047]
Religion: monastery of St. Phoibammon [P.Oxy. 3805]

90

Noteworthy landowners: Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3047]; Apion


estate [P.Oxy. 3805]

( )

See BL XI 77 under P.Erl. 48.28

- Thmoinepsobthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2909
P.Kln III 141.11
P.Minnesota 11.14 (see BASP 44 (2007) 512)
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.55, 59
P.Oxy. XLII 3047.9, 45
P.Oxy. XLII 3048.17
SB XXVI 16570.30 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
(see ZPE 170 (2009) 190)
P.Oslo II 61.6 ()
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.15, 51, 67, 99, [185]
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.12
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.37
PSI X 1106.8
PSI X 1107.8 (duplicate of PSI 1106)
P.Oxy. XVI 1853.2, 6

57/8
99/100
21821
245
246
290
III
III
III
III/IV
336
336
VI/VII

kome (15)

<kome>

kome
kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. X 1285.96 (see JJP 35 (2005) 96)
SB I 1945.6 (edd.: ())
P.Wash.Univ. II 103.6 ( [)

III
V/VI
VI

chorion(?)

Delendum: P.Princ. II 42.6, 22, 37; see BL IX 21819.


Etymology: T-mj-n-p-sbt, The new land of the wall/fort (Vandorpe, Egyptische
geografische elementen 92). ()- = T-mj indicates land formed by fluvial deposits;
see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6.
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus

91

Relative location: the villagers of Thomoinepsobthis attack Pinyris during a feast and
steal money from the villages estate overseer, suggesting that the two villages were close
neighbours [P.Oxy. 1853]. Within the administrative orbit of the village scribe of
Phoboou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), along with other Eastern toparchy villages
(Thmoinakomis, Osoronnophrios, Schoibis, Tychinnekotis) [P.Oxy. 3047].
Position in official lists of villages: last after Satyrou [P.Oxy. 1285]; last after
Tychinnekotis [P.Oxy. 1659]; last after Pakerke [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Satyrou and
Pakerke [SB 16570]; betwen Sarapionos Chairemonos and Lile [P.Wash.Univ. 81]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 3047]; private [P.Oxy. 3047]; monartabos [P.Oxy.
3047]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 3047]; artificially irrigated (epentlemene) [P.Oxy.
3047]; hypologos [P.Kln 141]; confiscated [P.Kln 141]; former vineland (chersos)
[P.Kln 141]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3047]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3048]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: tesserarius [PSI 1106]; komarchai [PSI 1106]; sitologoi [PSI 1106]
Occupations: pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3048]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3048]; georgos [P.Oxy.
3048]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 3048]
Noteworthy landowners: Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3047, 3048]; Apion
estate(?) [P.Oxy. 1853]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]

See s.v. (under Uncertain instances)

()

See s.vv. (under Note) and


(under Uncertain instances)

See T. Kruse, Der knigliche Schreiber und die


Gauverwaltung (Leipzig 2002) 57 n. 143. on P.Stras. IV
299r.21

92

- Thousbou Serapamonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2912
T.Varie 10.2

VII

kome

Etymology/form: the editor articulated the village name as ; for


the present division, see Miscellanea Toponomastica, ZPE (forthcoming 2012). Second
element < Greek personal name ().
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [T.Varie 10]
Topographical features: threshing floor (not certainly belonging to this village) [T.Varie
10]
Occupations: georgos [T.Varie 10]

* - Thyreos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4556
P.Oxy. XII 1517.16

272 or 278

[ - Tho[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9987
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2855.29

291

kome

Military: veteran [P.Oxy. 2855]

- Tholthis
Etymology: t-hl (meaning uncertain; see W. Clarysse, Enchoria 16 (1988) 15).

93

N.B: I have shown elsewhere that there is no good evidence for a Tholthis in the Eastern
toparchy (P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2868.10 (147) and P.Laur. IV 165.3 (305) are now delenda);
see ZPE 170 (2009) 187.
1) Middle toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9125
PSI I 40.4, 6
P.Oxy. III 630.2 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 193f.)
P.Mich. XVIII 786.36, 50, 96, 113
SB VI 9550.4, 6
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.12
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.62
P.Oxy. XIV 1637.28
P.Corn. 36.4
P.Oxy. X 1285.104
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.221
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.10 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)

129
161
167
175
176/7
21821
25661
III
III
III
III

<kome>

<kome>

Delendum: Pruneti, I centri s.v., also cautiously includes SB XII 11234.8 = P.Wisc. I 6,
but the name of the toparchy there is in a lacuna, and though [] would fit the
space, nothing excludes the restoration of in abbreviation or (cf. J. R.
Rea, ZPE 12 (1973) 263). The mention of fishing in this papyrus would actually be more
consonant with Tholthis of the Thmoisepho toparchy (see below under 2, Occupations).
But in lack for further evidence I include the instance below among the attestations of
uncertain toparchy.
Relative location: near Artapatou (Middle toparchy) [P.Oxy. 1637: ()
[]
Position in official lists of villages: between Senopotheos and Pou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Sento and Pakerke(?) [P.Oxy. 1659 (cf. BL VIII 248)]; between Senepta and
Nemera [Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Animals: lambs [PSI 40]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 630]; komogrammateus [SB 9550]; desert or prison guard
(eremophylax/desmophylax) [SB 9550]
Occupations: shepherd [PSI 40]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]

94

Note: in SB 9550 a man from Oxyrhynchus resides in this village.


2) Thmoisepho toparchy/8th pagus:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9124
P.Wrzb. 5.[3], 7
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2836.5
P.Oxy. XLIX 3474.13
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.89, 98
P.Oxy. XII 1578.2, 22
P.Oxy. XLIII 3105.18
SB XXVI 16570.76 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.123
PSI VIII 945.1
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.7
P.Oxy. XII 1448.6

31 BCE
50
197/8
21821
220 or 224
22935
290
III
III
early IV
after 324

<kome>

kome(?)

Position in official lists of villages: between Paomis and Kesmouchis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Palosis and Kesmouchis [P.Oxy. 1659.89], last after Sepho [P.Oxy. 1659.98];
between Kesmouchis and Souis [P.Oxy. 3307]; between Paomis and Sepho [SB 16570]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 3105.18]; royal [P.Oxy. 3474]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1578, 3747]; wine [implied by P.Oxy.
1578]
Associated kleroi: of Pyrrhias [P.Oxy. 2836]; of genes and others [P.Oxy. 3474]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: praktor sitikon [P.Oxy. 3105]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1578]; fishermen [P.Wrzb. 5]; ferryman (porthmeus)
[P.Wrzb. 5]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Oxy. 1578]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Note: the mention of fishing in SB XII 11234.8 = P.Wisc. I 6, which attests a Tholthis of
uncertain toparchy (listed below under 4), encourages an identification with Tholthis of
the Thmoisepho toparchy (cf. above under Occupations).
3) Lower toparchy/10th pagus:

95

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2409
N.B.: I have included in the following list all early and middle Ptolemaic instances of
Tholthis, even when the toparchy is not explicitly specified, since Tholthis of the Lower
toparchy is the only village attested in this period; see Pruneti, I centri 59, and eand.,
Aeg. 59 (1979) 102. For a study of the third-century BCE land leases from Tholthis, see J.
Bingen, ICS 3 (1978) 7480.
SB XII 11053 fr. A.2 ()
P.Hib. I 94.9 (), 11 (]),
19 ()
P.Hib. I 111.27, 28
P.Hib. I 127.2
P.Hib. II 236.2
P.Hib. I 130 descr.
P.Hib. I 53.5 ([)
P.Hamb. II 187.3 (BL VI 48)
P.Hib. I 52.2
P.Hib. I 62.9 ()
P.Stras. VII 661.3
SB XIV 11376.56 = P.Hib. I 89
SB XX 14429.4 = III 6095
SB XVIII 13255.16
SB XX 14430.5, 10, 22 (t-hl) = III 6094
P.Hib. I 90.4
BGU X 1976.2
SB XII 11061.4, 13 = P.Hamb. II 188
BGU X 1985.2
BGU XIV 2394.5
P.Frankf. 4.5, 6
P.Hamb. II 189.5, 29 (cf. BGU X 1958.5)
SB III 6303.4
BGU VI 1263.3
BGU VI 1264.6
BGU VI 1277.2, 9
BGU VI 1278.4, 18
BGU X 1943.3, 11, 23
BGU X 1959.8
BGU X 1969.[3], [6], 14, [18]
BGU XIV 2383.2, 10
BGU XIV 2393.6, 13
P.Frankf. 2.6, 38, 45
SB III 6283a.7, 12, [31], 39, b.10, 16 = P.Grad. 10
BGU VI 1265.5

267 BCE?
258/57 BCE
c. 250 BCE
c. 250 BCE
c. 250240 BCE
c. 247 BCE
246 BCE
246 BCE
c. 245 BCE
245 BCE
240 BCE
239 BCE
237BCE
231 BCE
230 BCE
222 BCE
221205 BCE
218 BCE
217/16 BCE
216/15 BCE
216/15 BCE
216/15 BCE
216/15 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
215/14 BCE
214/13 BCE

kome
[kome]

kome

kome

kome

96

BGU X 1944.[3, 10, 24, 32]


BGU X 1960.5
BGU XIV 2397.3, 17
SB III 6290.2 = P.Grad. 19 (] )
P.Frankf. 1.6, 20, 56
BGU X 1946.3
BGU X 1947 [fr. A+B.3], fr. D.4
BGU X 1948.5
BGU X 1961.2
BGU XIV 2396.45 = X 1962
BGU XIV 2398.3, 7, 20, 256
SB III 6288(d) = P.Grad. 15
SB XIV 11375.[4], 21, 25
BGU XIV 2399.[18, 23, 39], 42 (duplicate of SB
11375)
SB XVIII 13254.[1]
SB XX 14428.6
SB XX 14431.[2] = III 6094
P.Fuad Univ. (App. II) 139.10 (])
P.Wash.Univ. II 77.9, 23 = P.Vind.Worp. 2
P.Wash.Univ. II 78.ii.15, 16
P.Oxy. LXXI 4825.1, 8
P.Kln II 86.5
P.Bingen 65.2 (see 2, 34 nn.)
SB XXVI 16429.1
P.Matr. 1.4, 9
SB VI 9617.2
P.Leit. 1.12, [16?] = SB VIII 10192
P.Oxy. XLIV 3166.8, 13, 256
SB XX 14292.7
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.107
SB XXVI 16570.84 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.48, 141
P.Oxy. XII 1529.2
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.95
PSI Congr. XVII 26.12 (])
PSI I 90.5 (10th pagus; BL X 236)
P.Oxy. 1831.3, 15
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.16
P.Laur. II 47.420
P.Khalili I 1.18 = II.2 (() ()())21
20

214/13 BCE
214/13 BCE
214/13 BCE
214/13 BCE
213 BCE
213/12 BCE
213/12 BCE
213/12 BCE
213/12 BCE
213/12 BCE
213/12 BCE
212/11 BCE
212/11 BCE
212/11 BCE
III BCE
III BCE (2nd half)
III BCE (2nd half)
II BCE
21 BCE
I (1st half)
659
99
I
I/II
119/20
129
c. 160
187
c. 21425
21821
290
III
III
III
III
364
late V
VI
early VII
VIII

kome
kome
[kome]

kome
kome (7)
kome

kome

kome
kome
kome
chorion

Tholthis is named with some villages of the former Lower toparchy and others of the Heracleopolite

nome, which shared a border with this toparchy, hence the inclusion of this instance here (Pruneti, I
centri, places it among the instances of uncertain toparchy).

97

Uncertain instances:
BGU X 1953.2 ([), [3?]
BGU X 1945.23 n., 5 n.
SB III 6287.6 = P.Grad. 14 ([(?))
BGU X 1970.45 (])

221205 BCE
214/13 BCE
214/13 BCE
213/12 BCE

Arabic/modern counterpart: Tilt al-Kubra [P.Khalili I 1]; Tilt wal-Qulia (Goma et al.,
Mittelgypten 90)
Relative location: P.Oxy. 1831, in which the meizon of Tholthis writes to his
counterpart in Takona (Lower toparchy) about their respective shepherds dispute,
implies proximity of the two villages. The two villages are also coupled in P.Oxy. 2207,
and a shared border is suggested by P.Wash.Univ. 77. Near Mouchinaryo (Lower
toparchy), with whom it shared a komogrammateus [SB 9617]; cf. also P.Hib. 53.
Position in official lists of villages: last after Souis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Sesphtha and
Tychinphagon [P.Oxy. 1529]; between Psobthis and Sesphtha [P.Oxy. 1659]; between
Talao and Mouchintale [SB 16570]; after Psobthis [PSI Congr. XVII 26]
Categories of land: royal [P.Wash.Univ. 77]; ousiake [P.Matr. 1]; chersarakos [P.Hib.
130]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [BGU 12635, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1959, 1969,
2383, 2394, 2397, P.Frankf. 1, 2, 4, P.Hamb. 189, P.Hib. 90, P.Matr. 1, P.Wash.Univ. 77,
SB 6303, 11061]; arakos [P.Hib. 52, 53, P.Stras. 661, P.Wash.Univ. 77]; barley [PSI
Congr. XVII 26, SB 9617]; chortos [P.Hib. 53, SB 9617]; achyron [BGU 1264, SB 9617];
radish(?)-oil [SB 9617]; olyra [BGU 12778, 1944, 1970, 2393, 2394, P.Hib. 90]; chlora
[P.Stras. 661]; reeds [BGU 1264]
Associated kleroi: of Spokeus and Moschion [P.Wash.Univ. 77]; of Herakleides,
Archippos son of Philoxenos, Nestor, Athenaios, Pemneus, Machatas, Pakamis [P.Hib.
130]; of Apollonios [P.Hib. 53, 130]; of Kydreus [P.Hib. 53, 130]; of Ptolemaios [P.Hib.
52.26, 130]; of Kallipos [BGU 2397]; cf. also SB 11061, P.Hib. 90, P.Frankf. 1, 2, 4, BGU
1265, 1943, 1946, 1959, 2383, 2394.
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) [BGU 2398]
Topographical features: house with courtyard (aule) [P.Wash.Univ. 78]; house (oikema)
and vacant lot (psilos topos) [BGU 2398]; aule [BGU 2399, SB 11375]; other houses
[P.Hib. 236, SB 14292]; beershop (zytopoleion) [SB 14430]; threshing floor [P.Frankf.

21

See Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 12832.

98

1.36, 89, BGU 2397.8]; bath-house (balaneion) [SB 6283]; royal (i.e. state) granary [BGU
2383]
Animals: lambs [P.Kln 86, P.Oxy. 4825]; livestock (thremmata) [P.Oxy. 4825]; sheep
[P.Hib. 111, P.Kln 86, P.Wash.Univ. 77, SB 9617]; goat [P.Kln 86]; pigs [SB 9617,
16570]; calf [SB 16570]; oxen [SB 13254]; donkeys [P.Hib. 111, SB 6283]
Religion: rearer of ibises (ibioboskos) [SB 13254]; priest ( ) [P.Hib. 52];
chief-priest (archiereus) [P.Hib. 62]; BGU 1263.8 refers to a lessee of land in Tholthis as
a hierodoulos of Thoeris, but it is unclear whether one of temples of the goddess in
Oxyrhynchus or an unknown one in Tholthis is meant; distribution of alms (zakat) to
the poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Officials: phylakites (of the Lower toparchy) [P.Hib. 53, 236]; toparch(?) [P.Bingen
65.34 n.]; komogrammateus [P.Matr. 1 (of Tholthis and other villages of the Lower
toparchy), SB 9617 (of Tholthis and Mouchinaryo)]; archephodos [SB 16429]; meizon
[P.Oxy. 1831]
Occupations: shepherds [BGU 1943, P.Hib. 52, 53, P.Kln 86, P.Oxy. 1831]; demosios
georgos (who is also member of the catoecic cavalry) [P.Wash.Univ. 77]; slave who is
shepherd [P.Wash.Univ. 77]; beer-maker (zytopoios) [P.Hib. 94]; beer-seller (zytopoles)
[all SB XX instances relate to the beer-seller Ameneus]; rearer of ibises (ibioboskos) [SB
13254]; oil-seller (elaiopoles) [P.Hib. 53]; georgos [P.Hib. 52.32]; cobblers [P.Hamb.
187]; gnaphallopoles [P.Hamb. 187 (BL VI 49)]; syngraphophylax [BGU 1265, 1946,
2397]; field-guard (agrophylax) [P.Oxy. 1831]
Military: cleruchs [BGU 1265, 1278, 1943, 1945, 1959, 2394, 2397, P.Frankf. 1, 4,
P.Hamb. 189, SB 11061]; hippeus [SB 13254, P.Wash.Univ. 77]; Ptolemaic decurion
(dekanikos) [P.Hib. 90]; chiliarch [SB 6283]; pentacosiarch [BGU 1277, 2393]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [SB 14292]; Ptolemaios, ex-kosmetes
of Alexandria [SB 14292]; Apion estate [P.Laur. 47, P.Oxy. 2207]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisitions for Hadrians visit to
Egypt [SB 9617]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Note: in P.Oxy. 1831 the shepherds of Takona are said to have attacked those of Tholthis
and carried off some of their sheep. In P.Leit. 1 a man from Tholthis resides and is liable
for liturgies in Nemera.
4) Uncertain toparchy:
P.Oxy. VII 1061.28
SB XIV 12170.27
P.Schyen II 29.2
PSI VIII 947.26

22 BCE
31/2?
II (1st half)
185/6

99

P.Harr. II 224.8 ([)


P.Oxy. XLI 2985.3, 10
P.Oxy. XLI 2986.8
P.Oxy. IV 740.35
SB XII 11234.8 = P.Wisc. I 6
P.Erl. 101.7, 35
P.Oxy. XIX 2228.25b ()
P.Fuad Univ. (App. II) 118v.3
SB XIV 12025.7
P.Oxy. XXII 2346.11, 15, 18, 39, 41, 45
P.Oxy. IV 695 introd.
P.Oxy. XII 1512.1
P.Oxy. XVI 1948.5
SB I 1945.7
P.Lond. III 774.10, 17 (p. 280)
SB XVI 12485.5
PSI I 47.2
P.Erl. 140 descr.

II/III
II/III
II/III
c. 200/1
210/11
269/70
283 or 285
III
III
later III
III/IV
IV
471
V/VI
582
VI
VI?
Byz.

<kome>
<kome>
[kome]

chorion(?)
epoikion
kome
kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. XLVII 3365.32 = P.Coll. Youtie I 65
P.Oxy. XLII 3066.5 n. (?)

241
III

<kome>

Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 3365 (deduced from 1 artaba per aroura tax rate)]
Cultures/agricultural products: threshed straw (chortopatema) [P.Oxy. 2985, 2986];
chaff (achyron) [P.Oxy. 2985]; wine [P.Oxy. 2985]; wheat [P.Harr. 224, P.Oxy. 3365, SB
12025, 12170]; chlora [P.Harr. 224]; barley [P.Harr. 224]; beans [SB 12025]
Associated kleroi: of Loipos and Po [P.Oxy. 3365]
Irrigation: mechanai [P.Lond. 774]
Topographical features: granary [P.Oxy. 2346]; orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy. 2985]
Animals: donkey [P.Oxy. 2985]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 1061]; headmen (kephalaiotai) [PSI 47]; eirenarchoi
[PSI 47]; komarches [P.Erl. 101]; boethos [SB 12485]
Occupations: scribe (grammateus) [P.Oxy. 1948]; field-guards (agrophylakes) [PSI 47];
fishing [SB 11234]; enapographos georgos [P.Lond. 774]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulia Isidora, femina clarissima [P.Harr. 224]; Apion estate
[P.Lond. 774]; Apa Hor [SB 12485]

100

, - Tholthis, Mikra
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4562
P.Oxy. XVI 1985.7, 33 (see P.Oxy. LXX p. 133)

543

epoikion/ktema

Cultures/agricultural products: acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1985]


Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 1985]
Occupations: enapographos georgos who is also phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1985]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1985]
Note: perhaps identical with the Apionic epoikion Tholthis in P.Lond. III 774 (see above
s.v. 4); so Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1. It must have been distinct from Tholthis of
the Lower toparchy, since the latter is qualified as in P.Khalili I 1.18 = II.2
(VIII); see above s.v. 3.

See ZPE 174 (2010) 1567

- Thosbis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2911
PSI XV 1539.4
P.Oxy. IV 721.9 = W.Chr. 369
SB XXII 15351.13 = P.Oxy. I 165 descr.
(see ZPE 174 (2010) 1567)
P.Harr. I 74.31
P.Oxy. LXXII 4860.12
P.Oxy. LXXII 4873.3
P.Oxy. IV 728.23, 4, 6
P.Oxy. III 614 descr.
PSI VIII 947.19
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.23 (cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 189)
P.IFAO III 15.4, 22

late I BCE
13/14
81
99
122
132/3
142
179/80
185/6
188
II?

<kome>

topoi
kome
topoi

101

P.Ryl. II 391 descr.


P.Oxy. XIV 1659.16
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2795.8
P.Oxy. LVIII 3929.2, 5
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.10
P.Oxy. X 1285.52
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5015.3
SB XVIII 14067.5, 26
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.Oxy. LV 3787.20
P.Kln. V 233.3

II
21821
250
250
2536
III
III
mid-III
III/IV
c. 31320?
338

kome
kome
kome
kome

[kome]

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Relative location: P.Oxy. 721.9 mentions land that is
[][. P.Oxy. VIII 1112 mentions acacia trees on the embankment of Enteiis
and Thosbis, which are designated for purchase by the village elders of Nesmimis,
suggesting close proximity between these three villages of the Upper toparchy (cf. ZPE
170 (2009) 189). An inhabitant of Pleroutos takes under lease land around Thosbis
[P.Oxy. 2795].
Position in official lists of villages: between Petne (of the Upper toparchy) and Nigrou
[P.Oxy. 1285]; between Enteiis and Mermertha [P.Oxy. 1659]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 721 (also hypologos), SB 14067]; monartabos [P.IFAO
III 15]; catoecic [SB 15351]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [P.Oxy. 728]; acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1112]; wheat
[P.Oxy. 2795, SB 15351]
Associated kleroi: of Charixinos [P.Oxy. 728]; of Spartamos [P.Harr. 74]; of Ptolemaios
[SB 14067]; of Antipater [SB 15351]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 1112(?)]
Topographical features: granary [P.Oxy. 2795]
Animals: oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]
Religion: commissioners of sacrifices ( ) in the context of the
Decian persecution [P.Oxy. 3929]; certificate of sacrifice [P.Oxy. 3929]; church [P.Oxy.
3787 (Mermertha is also possible)]; deacon [P.Oxy. 3787 (Mermertha is also possible)];
five-day festivities (heortai) celebrated with music and dance (1317 Phaophi) [P.Oxy.
5015]

102

Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 614 (with boethos), 4873]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3109]; prostatai
[P.Oxy. 5015]; komogrammateus [PSI 1539]
Occupations: georgos [PSI 947]; baker (artokopos) [P.Kln 233]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Sarapion alias Dionysotheon, ex-gymnasiarchos and
bouleutes of Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 2795]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

103


* - Iatrou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4508
P.Oxy. LXIII 4372.8, 55

34199?

epoikion

early IV

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
T.Varie 31.11, 13, 17 ( / /)
Etymology: lit. the hamlet of (the) doctor.
Note: the Oxyrhynchite provenance for T.Varie 31 is uncertain (see P.Oxy. 4372.8 n.).
SB XXVI 16442.6 (VI/VII) mentions an epoikion Iatrou in a list of Heracleopolite
villages. It is unclear whether it should be identified with the village attested in P.Oxy.
4372.

[ - Ibion [
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=877
C.Pap.Jud. III 516.2 ( [ ] [)

II

Etymology: named after a sanctuary of ibises; on toponyms called Ibion (of N.N.), see
generally A. Calderini, Ibin nei nomi dei luogo dellEgitto greco-romano, in Mlanges
Maspero II/2 34555, and K. Vandorpe, Les villages des Ibis dans la toponymie tardive,
Enchoria 18 (1991) 11522.

- Ibion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=877

104

P.Oxy. XVII 2155.6


P.Oxy. VII 1071.5, 6
PSI VIII 953.73
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. I 158.1
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.9
P.Oxy. XVI 1917.4, 53, 125

IV
VI (1st half)
567/8
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
616/17?

<kome>

<kome>

Uncertain instances: PSI XII 1260.6 (III) may refer to the Hermopolite village Ibion; cf.
Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite 1224 s.v., and Pruneti, I centri 645 n. 2. Cf. also SB
XIV 12170.23 (31/2?) with ZPE 28 (1978) 258 (24 n.).
Etymology: see above, s.v. [
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1917]; wine [perhaps implied by P.Oxy.
2155.1011; PSI 953]
Religion: (Christian) priests [P.Oxy. 1917.5, 19, 23, 26, 36]; deacon [P.Oxy. 1917.5];
monk(?) [P.Oxy. 1917.11 (BL VII 142)]; priest and steward (oikonomos)
[P.Oxy. 1917.19], priest and steward [P.Oxy. 1917.26]
Officials: protokometai [P.Oxy. 1917.5, 15, 53]; eirenarchos [P.Oxy. 1917.28]; komarches
[P.Oxy. 2155]
Occupations: symmachos [P.Oxy. 1917.28]; oil-maker (elaiourgos) [P.Oxy. 1917.40];
agrelates (perhaps game-beater or Wildhter) [P.Oxy. 1917.41]; washer/cleaner
(niptes) [P.Oxy. 1917.39]; katamenioi (monthly workmen?) [P.Oxy. 2155]; plastopoioi
(moulders) [P.Oxy. 2155]; potter [P.Oxy. 2155]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 158, 998, 1908, 1917, PSI 953]
Note: it is unclear whether the above instances relate to the same village or whether they
are abbreviated writings for one or more of the villages called N.N.

- Ibion Ammoniou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=879
P.Oxy. III 492.3
PSI XV 1536.1
P.Kln III 150.6 (see 57 n.), 21 ()
SB XXVI 16570.97 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422

130
II
226 or 242
290

105

P.Oxy. LXXIV 5014.3, 28


SB XVI 13035.4

III
341

kome (8)

Uncertain instance: cf. the possibe place name mns in O.Pisa 20.ii.x+11, which
Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987) 171, relates to Ibion Ammoniou.
Etymology: see above, s.v. [; second element < Greek personal name .
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy
Position in official lists of villages: last after Souis [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [SB 13035]; barley [SB 13035]
Associated kleroi: of Demetrios and others [SB 13035]
Topographical features: house [P.Kln 150]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Religion: seven-day festival starting on 17 Pauni with musical performances [P.Oxy.
5014]
Officials: prostatai [P.Oxy. 5014]; archephodos [PSI 1536]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Noteworthy landowners: Serenus son of Saras, former archon [SB 13035]

- Ibion Antilochou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=881
SB X 10573.1722 ( )
P.Oslo II 26.8 ( )
22

10 BCE
5/4 BCE

The provenance of this papyrus is apparently the Fayum (see R. A. Coles, JEA 53 (1967) 121), but this

does not necessarily imply that the document itself originated in the Arsinoite nome (that one of the bulls
leased in it is named [78] is likewise not decisive); cf. Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 2 and
Calderini-Daris, Dizionario III p. 9 s.v. At any rate, an Ibion Antilochou in the Arisnoite is not otherwise
known.

106

Etymology: see above, s.v. [; second element < Greek personal name .
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Relative location: opposite (i.e. across a canal from) Pela [P.Oslo 26; cf. also the village
above]
Categories of land: former vineland (chersos) [P.Oslo 26]
Cultures/agricultural products: lentils [P.Oslo 26]; wheat [P.Oslo 26, SB 10573]
Topographical features: threshing floors [SB 10573]
Animals: bulls [SB 10573]
Occupations: public farmer (demosios georgos) [P.Oslo 26]

[ - Ibion K[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=888
P.Giss. 115 descr.

IV

Etymology: see above, s.v. [


Administrative subdivision: 9th pagus

- Ibion Kemeskouphios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9475
SB XX 15144.3, 5 ( )

after 4/5

Etymology: see above, s.v. [


Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy

107

- Ibion Takona
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9988
P.Oxy. XVII 2141.3 (BL VIII 254)

208?

Etymology: see above, s.v. [


Administrative subdivision: probably Lower toparchy, like Takona (see s.v.)
Relative location: near Souis (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) (see P.Oxy. 2141.34 n.).

This is a Heracleopolite village; see Falivene, The


Herakleopolite Nome 8990 s.v. (cf. also p. 202 n. 2).
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8105

- Ibion Chyseos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2851
P.Heid. VII 398.3 (Hermopolite)
P.Oxy. XIV 1724.13 (Hermopolite)
P.Oxy. XLIV 3174.5
P.Oxy. XII 1442.2
PSI Com9 4.4 (Comunicazioni Vitelli 9 (2011)
2022)
P.Oxy. XIV 1637.27
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2712.7 ( )
SB XX 14469.10 (Hermopolite)
SB XIV 12214.10 (Hermopolite)
P.Vindob. G 40254.923 (Hermopolite)
SB XXII 15492.2 = P.Lond. III 1311

1769
early III
229
252
256
25661
292/3
303
335?
IV (1st half)
VI/VII

kome

kome

Uncertain instance: BGU II 552 fr. A iii.2 (263); see Mitthof, APF 49 (2003) 212.
Etymology: see above, s.v. [
23

Published in APF 49 (2003) 217.

108

Administrative subdivision/Relative location: the village was near Chysis, i.e. at the
border of the Hermopolite and Oxyrhynchite nomes; see Drew-Bear, Le nome
Hermopolite 1312 s.v. It appears to have been part of the Oxyrhynchite nome (Upper
toparchy) only in the third century CE.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1724, 2712.9, PSI Com9 4]; wheat [P.Oxy.
2712]
Associated kleroi: of Hermophilos [P.Oxy. 1724]
Animals: pigs [SB 12214]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Heid. 398]; dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 1442, SB 14469]; praktor argyrikon
[P.Oxy. 3174]; protokometai [SB 15492]; gnoster [SB 14469]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelia Dioskouriaina, matrona stolata [P.Oxy. 2712; cf.
Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 112]; Aurelia Herakleidiaina, matrona stolata,
daughter of Herakleides, bouleutes of Alexandria [P.Oxy. 1637]; Aurelia Maxima
daughter of Ammonius, aste [P.Oxy. 1442]; Spartiates alias Chaeremon [PSI Com9 4]
Taxes and other imposts: one- and two-drachma tax [P.Oxy. 1442]; tax on vineland
(telesma ampelou) [PSI Com9 4]; requisition of meat [SB 12214]
Note: see also below s.v. .

- Iboitos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4597
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.36
P.Oxy. XVI 1913 col. i (see ZPE 123 (1998) 163)
P.Oxy. LV 3805.65

540/41
c. 555?
after 566

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Relative location: perhaps near Oxyrhynchus given its occurrence in P.Oxy. 1913, an
account dealing in large part with the Apion estates (cf.
Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 86).
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 3805]

109

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3805 (Phoibammon)]; brickmakers


(plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1913 col. i (see ZPE 123 (1998) 163)]; carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy.
1913 col. i (see ZPE 123 (1998) 163)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1913, 2032, 3805]

*** [] ( ) - Idy( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4598
P.Oxy. XII 1434.24

107/8

- Ieme
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3939
P.Kln III 141.11 (BL VIII 156)
57/8
PSI XIII 1322.15
118/19
P.Oxy. XLI 2968.17, 21
190
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.30, 32, 63, 78, 80, 102, 165,
c. 20012
166, 187, 207, 217, 223, 227, 233, 234, 235, 241 ()
SB XIV 11272.7 n. (])
211
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.65, 84
21821
P.Oxy. XII 1444.34 ()
249
SB XXVI 16570.46 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
290
P.Oxy. X 1285.98
III
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.61, 223
III
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.19
III
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr.
IV
P.Ryl. IV 715.7
V
P.Oxy. XVI 2040.18 ()
566/7
P.Oxy. LXIX 4757.14 ()
late VI

kome
kome
topoi

kome
kome

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; probably 7th pagus (see P.Oxy. LV


3795.12 n.)
Position in official lists of villages: first before Tanais [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Tanais
and Istrou [P.Oxy. 1659.65]; first before Nomou [P.Wash.Univ. 81, SB 16570; cf. also
P.Ryl. 715]

110

Categories of land: hypologos [P.Kln 141]; confiscated [P.Kln 141]; former vineland
(chersos) [P.Kln 141]
Associated kleroi: of Chares [PSI 1322]
Animals: pigs [SB 16570]
Officials: komarches [P.Oxy. 4757]; sitologos [SB 11272(?)]
Occupations: carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy. 3169.233]; enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4757]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulia daughter of Ploutarchos alias Sarapion [PSI 1322]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epiklasmoi [P.Oxy. 3169]; syntaxis
[P.Oxy. 3169]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]

** - Hierakos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4608
P.Erl. 93.1

II/III

ktema

198209

ktema(?)

Uncertain instance:
P.Rein. II 101.10
Etymology: < Greek personal name .
Note: apparently the name of a viticultural site rather than a settlement.

- Hiereon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4609
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2775.4 (
)
P.Oxy. XVI 2020.32
P.Oxy. VII 1072.14 (BL X 140)

late III

epoikion

c. 56788
VI

ktema

111

P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.71


P.Genova II 72.2 (BL X 279)
P.Oxy. XVI 2000.1, 4

VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: lit. the hamlet of (the) priests.


Relative location: possibly in the same Apionic prostasia as Pelous, Lykonos and Tlea
[P.Oxy. 2000]. Coupled with Partheniados in P.Oxy. 2197. Perhaps near Leukiou
(Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) [P.Oxy. 2197.76, 82].
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2775]; wine [P.Genova 72; cf. P.Oxy.
2197.75]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 1072, 2197.78, 80, 84]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2197.76]; krene
[P.Oxy. 2197.83]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 2775]; orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy.
2197.73]; houses [P.Oxy. 2197.74 etc.]; bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 2197.79]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 1072 (not certainly of this village), 2197.77]; church
[P.Genova 72 (BL X 279)]; see also above under Etymology
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2000 (Iustus)]; meizon [P.Oxy. 2000]; agent
(pragmateutes) of an estate belonging to the sacred treasury [P.Oxy. 2775]; phrontistes
[P.Genova 72]; ampelourgoi [P.Genova 72, P.Oxy. 2197.75]; baker (artokopos) [P.Oxy.
2197]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2197.74 etc.]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197]; estate formerly of Ammonios
now of the most sacred treasury (hierotaton tameion) [P.Oxy. 2775]; undefined ousia
[P.Genova 72]
Taxes and other imposts: arkarika [P.Oxy. 2020]
Note: see also below s.v.

- Hippeou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4640
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.29
SB I 1973.21 (( ))

528/543/558
?

epoikion
chorion

112

Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]


Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2244]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2244]

- Hipponamou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4639
P.Oxy. XLIX 3512.7, 29

492

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3512]


Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 3512]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Ioannes son of Martyrios, politeuomenos [P.Oxy. 3512]

- Isidorou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9480
P.Oxy. LV 3787.39

c. 31320?

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: It was presumably small and in the neighbourhood of Seneceleu
[Western toparchy; 3rd pagus] (P.Oxy. 3787.39 n.).
Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

- Isieion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=922

113

P.Hib. I 167 descr. ( [] )24


P.Oxy. XII 1488.28
P.Oxy. LVI 3874.4

c. 245 BCE
II
345/6?

Etymology: named after a sanctuary dedicated to the goddess Isis.


Note: it is unclear to which of the villages named N.N. (if any) these instances
relate.

- Isieion Ano
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4652
SB XIV 12170.25
P.Oxy. IV 732.2 (BL I 327)
SB XVI 13003.1213
P.Oxy. XII 1539.11
SB VIII 10207.3, 11 = P.Leit. 15
P.Oxy. VI 907.8 ( )

31/2?
150
178
179/80
II/III
276

topoi
kome

Etymology: see above s.v.


Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy
Relative location: the village must have been on the Bahr Yusuf (the Lower toparchy did
not have a frontage on the Nile), since in P.Oxy. 732 it is among the localities under the
jurisdiction of farmers of a tax on ferryboats. The specification indicates that it lay
in the southern part of the Lower toparchy (cf. below s.v. , also of the
Lower toparchy). P.Oxy. 907.8 refers to viticultural land (Middle
toparchy; 7th pagus) (sc. ?); cf. n. ad loc. and
Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 3.
Categories of land: private [SB 13003]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 907, SB 13003]; wine [P.Oxy. 907]
Associated kleroi: of Sogenes [SB 13003]

24

Non siamo di grado di stabilire se stia qui a indicare un santuario o un villaggio (Pruneti, I

centri s.v. n. 1).

114

Topographical features: oikopeda [SB 13003]


Officials: elders (presbyteroi) discharging the office of komogrammateus (of the village
Isieion Ano and other topoi of the Lower toparchy) [P.Leit. 15]; farmers (praktores) of
the tax on ferryboats [P.Oxy. 732]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 1539]
Taxes and other imposts: tax on ferryboats (phoros porthmidon) [P.Oxy. 732];
prostimon for change of land status [SB 13003]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Hermogenes alias Eudaimon, exegetes and prytanis
[P.Oxy. 907]

- Isieion Zapitou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2855
P.Oxy. VI 897.67

346

kome

Etymology: see above s.v.


Editors note ad loc.: : or or .

- Isieion Kato
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4653
SB XII 11167.6 = P.Oxy. III 627 descr.
P.Oxy. X 1285.[39], 132
P.Oxy. XII 1529.5
SB XXII 15603.25 = P.Corn. 52+53
P.Oxy. LXIX 4748.4
P.Oxy. XVI 1866.2
SPP VIII 1346.2, 5 (cf. BL VIII 453)
P.Laur. II 47.2
P.Sijp. 37.19
P.Khalili I 1.10 = II 2 ( ()())25

25

148
III
III
late III
307
VI/VII
VI/VII
early VII
VII/VIII
VIII

kome

chorion
chorion

See Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 12832.

115

Uncertain instances:
CPR XXII 3.5 ( ; see n. ad loc.)

VII/VIII

chorion

Etymology: see above s.v.


Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy
Arabic/modern counterpart: Salaqus(?) (Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland
208; cf. P.Khalili I 1.10, where the Arabic equivalent begins with Sal[).
Relative location: the specification indicates that the village lay in the northern
part of the Lower toparchy (cf. , also in the Lower toparchy, and see
P.Oxy. 4748.45 n.). In P.Oxy. 1866 a dispute between Spania and Kosmou is mediated
by Isieion Kato and Phebichis (Heracleopolite), suggesting relative proximity between
these villages. The close association between Isieion Kato and some villages of the
Heracleopolite nome (especially Phebichis) is also evident in SPP 1346 and P.Laur. 47.
CPR XXII 3 is an uncertain case because, according to its editor, the village was west of
Herakleopolis (assuming that the writers point of departure was the city), which is too
far north to allow an identification with the Oxyrhynchite Isieion Kato.
Position in official lists of villages: between Talao and Psobthis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Talao and Isieion Tryphonos [P.Oxy. 1529]
Animals: donkey [P.Oxy. 4748]; horses [SPP 1346]
Religion: distribution of alms (zakat) to the poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1866(?)]
Other: fugitives of the pagarchy are mentioned in CPR XXII 3, but it is unclear whether
these people fled from or to Isieion Kato (see editors introd.).

[ - Isieion Kerk[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4655
P.Giss. 115.ii.9

IV

Etymology: see above s.v.

116

Administrative subdivision: 9th pagus

- Isieion Nesla
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11682
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.15 (see n. ad loc.)

176/7

Etymology: see above s.v.


Administrative subdivision: presumably in the Uppert toparchy, like Nesla.

- Isieion Panga
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2854
P.Oxy. II 250.5 (BL I 319) ( )
P.Oxy. LXXI 4824.910 ( )
SB XX 14095.ii.78 = P.Oxy. II 357 descr.
( )
PSI IX 1029 verso (see introd.)
PSI VII 772.4 ( )
P.Kln XII 487.15 ( )
P.Amst. I 30.45
P.Thomas 12.2, 5, 17
P.Oxy. LXXI 4827.[8] (see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. XIV 1687.13, 21
P.Harr. I 71.17
P.Oxy. III 533.23
P.Oxy. VI 899.7
P.Col. X 265.16
P.Oxy. XII 1522.4
SB XXIV 16172.6, 29 = P.Oxy. VI 988
P.Oxy. VI 988v
P.Oxy. L 3565.1, 1213, 42
PSI VIII 880.910
P.Oxy. XII 1502v.1

61?
67
late I

kome
kome (16)

I?
98117
11738
mid-II
after 167/8
c. 173
184/5
189
II/III
200
20612
after 222
224
after 224
245
254/5
after 260

<kome>

kome

kome

kome (17)

kome
[kome]

117

PSI XIII 1330.8 = SB V 7991


PSI VII 807.67
P.Mich. XI 610.15
P.Oxy. X 1255.5
PSI IX 1071.910
P.NYU II 11.6
P.Oxy. X 1285.56
SB XVI 12534.2 = P.Oxy. I 169 descr.
PSI III 187.78
SB X 10216.7, [12]
P.Oxy. XII 1494.3 ([] solum)
P.Oxy. XLV 3255.89 = P.Coll.Youtie II 80
P.Oxy. I 103.7 (BL I 315)
P.Oxy. XLV 3257.7
P.Oxy. LIV 3758.100, 222
PSI V 469.89
P.Oxy. LVI 3874.15
P.Oxy. LX 4092.8, 16
PSI III 165.1, 5
P.Oxy. LXXII 4913.3
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.80
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.73 (BL XI 154)
P.Oxy. LV 3804.148
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.11
P.Oxy. VII 1053.22

after 272
280
282
292
296
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
early IV
315
316
318
325
334
345/6?
355
441/2
462
540/41
557
566
VI
VI
VI/VII

kome

kome

kome
chorion
kome

kome

Etymology: see above s.v.


Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 1st pagus
Relative location: near Nesla (Upper toparchy) [P.Oxy. 103, 3257, PSI 187, 469, SB
10216; in PSI 772 a person from Isieion Panga takes under lease land in Nesla]. Near
Pekty (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) [P.Oxy. 3255, PSI 187, 1071]. Near the epoikion
Patbonthis [P.Oxy. 4092]. In PSI 165 a farmer in Isieion Panga is ordered to disburse
wine to the guards of Kisson and Netneou, suggesting proximity between these three
localities. Near the western desert [P.Oxy. 988v, PSI 1330 (sanded land)].
Position in official lists of villages: between Episemou and Nesmimis [P.Oxy. 1285]
Categories of land: land belonging to the dekaprotia [P.Oxy. 1502, PSI 187]; private
[P.Oxy. 4827(?); see 78 n.]; royal [P.Oxy. 988v(?), 4827]; land belonging to the city of
Oxyrhynchus [PSI 1330]; hypologos [P.Oxy. 988v, P.Thomas 12]
Cultures/agricultural products: flax [P.Mich. 610, P.Oxy. 103, 3255, 3257, PSI 469];
chortos [P.Oxy. 1502, 4092, PSI 187, 1071, SB 10216]; barley [P.Oxy. 1687, 4913, SB

118

16172]; chlora [P.Oxy. 4827]; wheat [P.Oxy. 4827, 4913, SB 16172]; wine [P.NYU II 11,
PSI 165(?)]; achyron [P.NYU II 11]
Associated kleroi: of Theophilos and Herakleides [P.Oxy. 1502, 4827]; of Nikanor and
Drimakos [P.Oxy. 250 (called of Dorotheos), 1687]; of Herakleides [P.Thomas 12]; of
Archepolis [P.Oxy. 988v]
Irrigation: the great canal (megale dioryx) [P.Oxy. 988v]; another canal (dioryx) to the
west of the great canal [P.Oxy. 988v]; land damaged by Nile floods [P.Oxy. 1502];
irrigation work relating to vineyard [P.NYU II 11]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 2035, PSI 165];
pleurismos [P.Thomas 12]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 1255, SB 16172]; vacant lots (psiloi
topoi) in the eastern parts of the village with a dovecote (peristereon) and other
appurtenances [P.Oxy. 3565]; oikopedon [P.Oxy. 3758]; public granary [P.Oxy. 4827
(not necessarily of Isieion Panga)]; house with aithrion and courtyard (aule) in the
western part of the village [P.Col. 265]; street by the new bath (balaneion) in the
western part of the village [P.Col. 265]; vacant lots in the western part of the village
[P.Col. 265]; houses and vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Harr. 71]
Animals: goats and kids [P.Oxy. 4824, SB 14095]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804]
Officials: praktores argyrikon [P.Oxy. 533]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 1255, 2206]; dekaprotos
[P.Oxy. 1255, PSI 187, 807]; praktor stephanikon [P.Oxy. 1522]; meizon [P.Oxy. 2206];
laographoi [P.Oxy. 3565]; komogrammateus (of Isieion Panga and other villages)
[P.Thomas 12]; archephodos [SB 12534]
Occupations: stippotimetai [P.Oxy. 103 (BL VII 127)]; secretary (grammateus) of
praktores argyrikon [P.Oxy. 533]; georgos [PSI 165]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Themistokles alias Dioskourides, gymnasiarchos and
ex-prytanis [P.Oxy. 103]; Aurelia Eutropie, daughter of Theodoros alias Chairemon,
gymnasiarchos, prytanis and bouleutes [P.Oxy. 3255]; Aurelius Aniketos son of
Ploutarchos, ex-magistrate in charge of the conveyance of oxen and bouleutes [P.Oxy.
3565]; Aurelius Ploutarchos alias Ammonios, ex-gymnasiarchos and bouleutes [P.Mich.
610]; Phanias son of Sarapion alias Phanias, chief-priest of the temple of Hadrian in
Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 4827]; Aurelius Didymos son of Sarapion, ex-magistrate (arxas)
of Alexandria [PSI 1071]; city of Oxyrhynchus [PSI 1330]; house owned by Marcus
Aurelius Alkimos alias Hermias son of Hermias, Alexandrian and Roman citizen [P.Col.
265]; Fl. Iulianus, ex-curator [P.Oxy. 4092]; heirs of Ammonianos, ex-logistes [PSI 469
(BL IX 315)]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1053, 2032, 2035, 2206, 3804]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1522]

119

Other: P.Oxy. 3758 attests a Libyan immigrant (paroikos) laying claim to property in
Isieion Panga; Alexandrian lessee of land in Isieion Panga [P.Oxy. 4827]; a lessor of land
in Isieion Panga from Oxyrhynchus is a bearer of the busts of our lord Probus Augustus
and his Victory in the processions [P.Mich. 610].

- Isieion Pekysios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4668
P.Oxy. XII 1465.2 ( ), 5 () I BCE
Etymology: see above s.v. ; second element < Hellenized Egyptian personal
name .
Topographical features: threshing floors [P.Oxy. 1465]
Occupations: guard of the threshing floors (halonophylax) [P.Oxy. 1465]

- Isieion Tryphonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2856
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.4 ( ())
P.Oxy. VIII 1124.1011 ( )
PSI VIII 897.61 ( )
P.Oxy. VIII 1145 introd.
PSI VI 687.2 (() ())
P.Oxy. III 492.2 ( [])
SB XVI 13003.[12], 12 (BL XI 221)
SB XXIV 16009.34 = XIV 12180
P.Oxy. IV 719.10, 14 ( )
P.Oxy. LXV 4485.1
SB XIV 12040.3
P.Oxy. III 533.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.100, 112
P.Oxy. XLIII 3108.6
P.Oxy. XLII 3048.17

I BCE
26
93
I
I/II
130
178
186?
193
II
II
II/III
21821
c. 240
246

kome

120

P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.17


SB XIV 12111.1
P.Oxy. X 1285.[45], 138
P.Oxy. XII 1529.6, 12
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.[1], 46, 66, 108
PSI IX 1039.41
SB I 5692.4, 8, 1415
P.Oxy. XXII 2346.33
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.57 ()
P.Oxy. LV 3787.36 (see n. ad loc.)
P.Giss. 115 introd.
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.38(?) (() []
; cf. editors note ad loc.)

2536
274
III
III
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
III/IV
c. 31320?
IV
576/7?

kome

kome

Delendum: SB XVIII 13331.9 (190), newly edited as SB XX 14974.


Etymology: see above s.v. ; second element < Greek personal name .
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy; 9th pagus
Relative location: a person from Tryphonos Isieion sells land belonging to him in
Sinary (Lower toparchy) [PSI 897]; for another association of the two villages, cf. P.Oxy.
3462.
Position in official lists of villages: between Mouchinaryo and Dositheou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Isieion Kato and Koba [P.Oxy. 1529]; first before Sinary [P.Oxy. 1659.100], first
before Psobthis [P.Oxy. 1659.112]; last after Mouchintale [P.Oxy. 1747(?)]; between
Sinary and Pela [P.Oxy. 3462]
Categories of land: public [P.Oxy. 4485]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1124, 3048]
Irrigation: irrigation work [P.Oxy. 3462]; Mounthoteu canal (dioryx) [P.Oxy. 3462]
Topographical features: two houses in the southern part of the village, one with two
floors and an entrance and exit, the other with an aithrion, both on the public street
(demosia rhyme) [P.Oxy. 719]; threshing floors ( [])
[P.Oxy. 1124]; granary [P.Oxy. 2346, SB 12111]
Religion: pastophorisse (but apparently in Teis) [PSI 1039]
Animals: oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]

121

Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 3109]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 4485]; dekaprotos [SB 12111]
Occupations: pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3048]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3048]; georgos [P.Oxy.
3048, SB 12111]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 3048]
Noteworthy landowners: Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3048]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]

- Isichiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4675
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.45

576/7?

Form: probably a phonetic spelling for .

- Istrou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4680
P.Kln III 141.9
P.Harr. I 76.3 (BL IX 101)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4878.7
P.Oxy. LX 4059.10, 12
P.Oxy. III 630.11 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 193f.)
P.Mich. XVIII 786.6, 12, 17, 34, 64, 119
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.66
P.Oxy. XII 1444.22
P.Oxy. VI 907.8
SB XXVI 16570.50 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.[15], 108
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.83, 211
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.22
PSI VII 779.2
P.Oxy. LX 4089.21, 51
P.Wash.Univ. I 28.6

57/8
89
c. 135
159
c. 161
167
21821
249
276
290
III
III
III
III/IV?
351
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
<epoikion>

<kome>

122

Etymology: The name of [] of the Middle toparchy is the same as the Greek
name of the Russian river Don and of a settlement at its mouth. An in the
same toparchy was called , the name of the Danube and a settlement at the
mouth of the Danube. It may be that these place names reflect the presence of Thracian
immigrants in the area, compare in general V. Velkov, A. Fol, Les Thraces en Egypte
Grco-Romaine (P.Oxy. LVIII 3918.16 n.).
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 7th pagus
Relative location: P.Oxy. 907.8 refers to viticultural land
(sc. ? Isieion Ano was in the south of the Lower toparchy); cf. n.
ad loc. and Pruneti, I centri 6970 n. 3.
Position in official lists of villages: between Petne and Sento [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Ieme and Senepta [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Petne and Tanais [SB 16570]; between Petne
and N.N. [P.Wash.Univ. 81]
Categories of land: hypologos [P.Kln 141]; confiscated [P.Kln 141]; former vineland
(chersos) [P.Kln 141]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 907]; wine [P.Oxy. 907]
Irrigation: work on dikes [P.Harr. 76 with BL IX 101]; public dikes [P.Harr. 76]; lakkos
[P.Wash.Univ. 28]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: chomatepistatai [P.Harr. 76 with BL IX 101]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Mich. 786]; potamitai [P.Wash.Univ. 28]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Hermogenes alias Eudaimon, exegetes and prytanis
[P.Oxy. 907]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; grain collected from Istrou by the
epimeletes of the military camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]; anabolikon [PSI 779];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: two individuals from Oxyrhynchus reside in Istrou [P.Oxy. 4059]. PSI 779
mentions 853 arouras belonging to the territory of Istrou.

123

[ - Ischy[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9860
P.Oxy. LXII 4341.6

319

epoikion

Administrative subdivision: 7th pagus


Relative location: probably in the vicinity of Sepho (Thmoisepho toparchy; 7th pagus)
[P.Oxy. 4341.11]
Irrigation: work on dikes [P.Oxy. 4341]
Officials: chomatepistatai/logographoi(?) [P.Oxy. 4341 introd.]

** - Ioannou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4683
SB I 1945.8
O.Ashm.Shelt. 39.5

V/VI
VI?

chorion(?)
chorion

Etymology: < personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [O.Ashm.Shelt. 39]
Note: probably the name of a vineyard rather than a settlement.

- Ionthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4688
P.Oxy. LXXII 4868.6
P.Oxy. XLI 2968.19
P.Hamb. IV 253.7
P.Oxy. XII 1421.5 ()
SB XVI 13081.ii.13

122/3
190
early III
III
V/VI

kome
<kome?>

124

Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy (cf. P.Hamb. 253.4)


Relative location: perhaps near Pakerke (see P.Oxy. 4868.6 n.). Possibly near
Taampemou (Eastern toparchy) and Seryphis (Western toparchy) [P.Oxy. 1421
(officials of these villages are ordered by the strategus to transport acacia wood from
Ionthis to a harbour)]
Cultures/agricultural products: acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1421]
Note: cf. also above s.v.

125


[ ] (?) - .[..].....(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9989
P.Kln III 141.6 (see n. ad loc.)

57/8

[ ( ) - K[..( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9990
P.Theon 6.8 = P.Wisc. II 82

157

Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Theon 6]


Note: Pruneti, I centri s.v. [ n. 1, notes: Lappartenenza del documento allarchivio dei
Tiberii Iulii Theones pu far pensare a , che compare anche in altri due
papiri dello stesso archivio (P.Theon. 16.5, 22.2). But there are other possible villages
associated with the Iulii Theones and beginning with kappa, e.g. Kerkethyris.

[ - K..[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9991
P.Oxy. XVI 2042.16

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2042]

[ - K........[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9992

126

P.Oxy. XVI 2018.40

VI

ktema

[ ] - K.[...]....
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9481
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.2

VII/VIII

chorion

[ - Kaball[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9482
P.Oxy. LV 3795.6

early IV

Administrative subdivision: 3rd pagus

- Kathegetou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4693
P.Oxy. XVI 1913 col. i (see ZPE 123 (1998) 163)
P.Iand. III 51.16 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.33

c. 555?
VI
late VI

Etymology: lit. the hamlet (vel sim.) of (the) teacher.


Relative location: perhaps near Oxyrhynchus given its occurrence in P.Oxy. 1913, an
account dealing in large part with the Apion estates (cf.
Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 86).
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2035]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1913 col. i (see ZPE 123 (1998) 163)];
carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy. 1913 col. i (see ZPE 123 (1998) 163)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 1913, 2035]

127

- Kainon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4701
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.49

576/7?

epoikion

Etymology: New Hamlet.


Relative location: said to be and therefore probably in the territory of the
former Lower toparchy [P.Oxy. 2195]. In the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos,
Nekonthis, Aroures, Tancheo, Sypheos, Amokos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195].
Occupations: pomarites [P.Oxy. 2195.51]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

- Kainon Pomarion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14016
P.CtYBR inv. 1257.45 ([] [)
(see ZPE 172 (2010) 181)

IV/V

epoikion

Etymology: New Orchard.


Relative location: a man from Kainon Pomarion leases land to a person from Paeimis
(Western toparchy; 4th pagus), perhaps implying some proximity between the two
settlements (the location of the land is unknown) [P.CtYBR inv. 1257]

** - Kakema
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4713
SB I 1945.9

V/VI

chorion(?)

128

- Kalae
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9140
P.Wash.Univ. I 25.7

530

epoikion/ktema

Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Wash.Univ. 25 (see BL VIII 509)]


Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Phoibammon alias Lamason, vir spectabilis and comes
[P.Wash.Univ. 25 (see BL IX 371)]

** - Kalamia
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4717
SB I 1945.10

V/VI

chorion(?)

Etymology: Field of reeds.

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 978 s.v.


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4720

- Kallou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4745
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.8

after 547

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916 (Abraamios)]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1916]

See s.v.

129

- Kalpouniou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4749
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.103 (( ); BL VIII 248)
P.Mil. II 64.4 = SB VI 9503

21821
440

epoikion
epoikion

Form: perhaps a variant phonetic spelling of (see below s.v.); see ZPE 170
(2009) 188.
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Mil. 64]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Mil. 64]
Occupations: georgos [P.Mil. 64]; estate pronoetes [P.Mil. 64.17]
Noteworthy landowners: Arkadia, daughter of the emperor Arkadios [P.Mil. 64]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]

- Kalybe
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4750
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.30 (() ), 32
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.40
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.34, 37
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.18

528/543/558
VI
VI
VI/VII

epoikion

V/VI

[epoikion?]

[ktema]

Uncertain instance:
PSI III 180.1 (]; BL VII 232)

Etymology: vielleicht nach einer Htte benannt (Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit
274).

130

Relative location: mentioned together with Matreou, which was in the same area as
Episemou and Adaiou (i.e. near the border of the Upper and Eastern toparchies and of
the 3rd and 4th pagi), and Psaei [P.Oxy. 2197].
Irrigation: mechane and new lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197]; mechane (called ) [P.Oxy.
2244]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (anonymous)]; georgos [P.Oxy. 2197,
2244, PSI 180 (enapographos)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2031, 2197, 2244, PSI 180]
Note: inhabitants from Kalybe, along with those from Atha, are said to have stolen
eight baukalia in P.Oxy. 2055.

- Kalorias
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3388
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.28
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.145, 163
P.Princ. III 158.8 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.3
SB I 1989(e) (( ))

528/543/558
VI
VI
VI/VII
?

epoikion
ktema

VII/VIII

chorion

epoikion
chorion

Uncertain instance:
SPP X 198.4 (cf. Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1)

Relative location: mentioned together with Orthoniou and Perouen in P.Oxy. 2197
(Perouen was probably in the territory of the former Lower toparchy; see s.v.
).
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197]; mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2197, 2244]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025, 2197, 2244]

131

- Kame
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4759
P.Oxy. XVI 1972.10

560

ktema

Religion: priest [P.Oxy. 1972]


Note: cf. the edpahos of the same name in P.Oxy. XVI 1911.12830 (557; see BL IX 191)
and LV 3804.209 (566).

** - Kamilionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4762
SB I 1973.18 ()

chorion

Note: cf. the [ in P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.5 (Oxy.; VII/VIII).

- Karponiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4749
P.Oxy. XVI 2042.7

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2042]


ote: perhaps identical with (see above s.v.); cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 188.

[ - Kati.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9492
P.Oxy. LV 3795.4

early IV

epoikion

132

Administrative subdivision: 1st pagus

[ - Ke[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9993
P.Oxy. VI 899.7

200

Relative location: near Senekeleu (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) and probably in the
Western toparchy; Pruenti, I centri s.v. n. 1 = BL VIII 238, therefore suspects that the
village name might be [.

- Kegethis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4696
P.Oxy. XVI 1832.2
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.23 ()

V/VI
VI/VII

kome
kome

Relative location: apparently in the same Apionic prostasia as Leonidou (probably in


the territory of the 7th pagus; see below s.v. ) [P.Oxy. 1910]
Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 1832]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910]
Note: in P.Oxy. 1832 the meizon of Kegethis harbours a woman from Aspida alleged to
have stolen church property. In P.Oxy. 1832.2 n. the editors speculate that this village
may be identical to , which was in the Cynopolite nome.

- Kelchoupet
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9133
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.14

IV

epoikion

133

Administrative subdivision: probably in the 1st pagus (cf. P.Oxy. 4342.i.4)


Irrigation: work on dikes [P.Oxy. 4342]

** ( ) - Kera( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5206
SB I 1945.11

V/VI

chorion(?)

Note: perhaps identical with the following entry. A marginal jotting in A. S. Hunts copy
of SB I in the Sackler Library, Oxford, also suggests the possibility of reading ( ).

- Keramion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3434
P.NYU II 33.3
P.Erl. 93.12 (( ); () edd. )
P.Oxy. LXII 4343.24

II
II/III
IV

chorion

Etymology: presumably named after a pottery workshop.


Occupations: donkey-drivers [P.Erl. 93]; tailor (epetes) [P.Oxy. 4343]
Noteworthy landowners: unknown estate [P.Oxy. 4343]
Note: perhaps identical with the preceding entry.

[ - Kerk[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10233
PSI VII 870 fr. g.60

II/III

134

[ - Kerk[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1045
P.Oxy. XII 1449.62 (named with )

21316

Religion: representations (eikonidia) of Caracalla, Severus and Julia Domna [P.Oxy.


1449]

[ - Kerk[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10232
P.Oslo III 144.32

27275

[ - Kerke
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9994
P.Oxy. XXIV 2411.15

c. 173/4

kome

Etymology: - = (P-)grg, foundation (in honour of a deity) (see J. Yoyotte, RdE 14


(1962) 86).

- Kerkeeris
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2677
T.Varie 63 B.1 ()
SB I 1966

III/IV
VI

kome
kome

Etymology: *(P-)grg-(n-)Ist, the foundation in honour of Isis (Vandorpe, Egyptische


geografische elementen 181).
Relative location: apparently on a navigable waterway [SB 1966]

135

- Kerkethyris
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1075
P.Oxy. II 248.19 (BL VII 129)
P.Oxy. LVII 3903.25, 3904.212
SB XX 14409.viii.7, 17 = P.Oxy. VI 985 descr.
P.Stras. IV 244.8
P.Oxy. XLIV 3197.14
P.Oxy. III 503.6
P.Oxy. III 490.5, [9] (BL VIII 236)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4875.3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4876.2
P.IFAO III 18 fr. b.25
PSI XIV 1409.2
P.Oxy. XII 1449.62
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.35
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4961.14, 54
P.Oxy. XXII 2350.i.5, 9
P.Oxy. LXVII 4590.10, 12
SB XXVI 16570.14 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. LXIX 4747.67
P.Oxy. VII 1065 introd.
P.Oxy. X 1285.70
PSI VIII 945.23
P.Vars. 14 introd.
SB XIV 12108.19
P.Oxy. VII 1052.15, 24
SB XXIV 15955.8 ([])
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.32, 33, 37

80
99
c. 106?
10716
111
118
124
135
135
136?
1957
21316
21821
223
224
231
290
296
III
III
III
III
III/IV
after 362
540 or 541
VI

kome

kome
kome

<kome>

kome
kome (5 n.)
topoi
kome

kome
epoikion

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. VI 899.7 (see above s.v. [ )

200

SB XX 15072.1 (; Oxy. prov. uncertain)

VI/VII

Etymology: *(P-)grg-(n-)w.t-r, the foundation in honour of Hathor (Vandorpe,


Egyptische geografische elementen 182).
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Relative location: perhaps near Senekeleu (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) [P.Oxy. 3903
4]. Near Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) [P.Oxy. 4747 with 67 n.]

136

Position in official lists of villages: between Mouchinaxap and Alexoutos [P.Oxy. 1052];
first before Seryphis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between an uncertain village and Senekeleu [P.Oxy.
1659]; between Leukiou and Paeimis [SB 16570]; between Mouchinaxap and Seryphis
[SB 12108]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 248]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2350]; lachanospermon [P.Oxy. 2350];
wine(?) [P.Stras. 244]; wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]
Associated kleroi: of Ktesikles [P.Oxy. 248]; of Epimachos [P.Oxy. 248]; of Tarouthinas
and Parmenion [P.Oxy. 39034 (not certainly in the territory of Kerkethyris)]
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: farmstead (epaulis) in a state of ruin (sympeptokyia) with
tower (pyrgos), dovecotes (peristereai), aulai and other implements [P.Oxy. 248]; house
and court (aule) with four palm trees [P.Oxy. 503]; another house and court (aule)
[P.Oxy. 490]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Religion: representations (eikonidia) of Caracalla, Severus and Julia Domna [P.Oxy.
1449]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 39034]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 4590, 4875, 4876]
Occupations: slave [P.Oxy. 3197]; georgos [P.Oxy. 4590]
Noteworthy landowners: an ex-gymnasiarchos and exegetes (name not preserved)
[P.Oxy. 2350]; Iulii Theones [P.Oxy. 3197]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: a metron elaiourgikon of Kerkethyris is mentioned in P.Oxy. 2350.9.

- Kerkethonis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9153
P.Oxy. L 3589.4 ()

II

137

Etymology: *(P-)grg-(n-), the foundation in honour of Thonis (Vandorpe,


Egyptische geografische elementen 182). The second element probably does not refer to
Thonis, guardian of the Canopic mouth of the Nile, but to a cult title of Horus, see
P.Kln IV 202.1 n. (P.Oxy. 3589.24 n.).
Relative location: probably close to Senepsau (Western toparchy) and Sarapionos
Chairemonos (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) [P.Oxy. 3589.24 n.]
Cultures/agricultural products: chlora [P.Oxy. 3589]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3589]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 3589]

- Kerkemounis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1052
P.Hib. II 248 fr. 1 descr. ([)
SB XX 15144.4 (])
P.Oxy. IV 746.7
PSI IV 320.9
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2850.17
P.Oxy. LXXIV 4983.5, 6
P.Oxy. XLI 2959.12
P.Oxy. IV 837 descr.
P.Theon. 16.5
P.Theon. 22.23
P.Oxy. LXII 4336.3 ()
P.Wisc. I 9.8, [20]
P.Leid.Inst. 43.5
P.Worp 22.6
P.Mert. I 25.2
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.22 ([][())
SB XVIII 13131.12
SB XIV 12079.8
P.Oxy. X 1285.66
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.35, 105, 149
SB XIV 12108.17
P.Oxy. LXIX 4753.9
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.4
SB XVIII 13598.2 ()

c. 250 BCE
after 4/5
16
18
29
c. 76
99
117/18
159
160
c. 16971
183
II
II?
214
21821
230/31
258/9
III
III
III/IV
341
IV
VI/VII

kome (15)

topoi

topoi

Uncertain instance:

138

P.Theon 6.8 = P.Wisc. II 82 (see s.v. [ ( ))

157

Etymology: *(P-)grg-(n-)Imn, the foundation in honour of Amun (Vandorpe,


Egyptische geografische elementen 182).
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 1st pagus
Relative location: a villager from Pankylis (1st pagus) takes under lease land in
Kerkemounis [P.Oxy. 4753].
Position in official lists of villages: between Sinkepha and Chysis [P.Oxy. 1285]; last
after Monimou [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Monimou and Mouchinaxap [SB 12108]
Categories of land: catoecic [PSI 320]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 4753, PSI 320]; chortos [P.Oxy. 4753];
barley [P.Oxy. 4753]
Associated kleroi: of Philon [P.Oxy. 4753, PSI 320, P.Worp 22, SB 15144]; of Straton(?)
[P.Oxy. 4753]; of Xenon and Spledon [P.Wisc. 9]
Irrigation: dike (choma) called Dioitou [P.Oxy. 4342.8]; private dike (idiotikon choma)
[P.Wisc. 9]; public dike (demosion choma) [P.Wisc. 9]; canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes
[SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: house called Granary (thesauros) [P.Oxy. 4983; cf. 14 n.:
This house may have been formerly a public or private granary]; bath-house
(balaneion) [P.Theon. 16]; granary [SB 12079]
Religion: monastery [SB 13598]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 2959]; chomatepistatai [P.Oxy. 4342]; komogrammateus
[P.Oxy. 4983]; laographoi [P.Oxy. 4983]; dekaprotoi [SB 12079]
Occupations: the shepherd in P.Oxy. 2850, who is a minor, is registered in
Kerkemounis, but herds in Pela and throughout the entire nome; bath-man (balaneus)
[P.Theon. 16]
Military: cavalry settler (katoikos hippeus) [SB 15144]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Oxy. 4336, P.Theon 6(?), 16, 22]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]

139

- Kerkenetrai
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1053
P.Oxy. III 520.9 (( ))
PSI X 1123.12, 21 + introd.

143
152

Etymology: - = (P-)grg, foundation (in honour of a deity) (see J. Yoyotte, RdE 14


(1962) 86).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 1123]

(, ) 26 Kerkeura (Kerkeuris, Kerkeurosis)


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1077
P.Oxy. IX 1188.1, 2, 7, 20
P.Oxy. XX 2277.1, [2], 5, [16]
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2842.7 ([ ] [; see n.)
P.Kln IV 188.1, 5
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2839.3
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2840.6
P.Oxy. LXXII 4876.8
SB XVI 12693.78
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.21 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. III 631.3 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 194f.)
SB XII 11168.4 = P.Oxy. III 625 descr.
()
P.Oxy. III 516.5 (( ); BL VIII 2367)
P.Wisc. I 9.7, 21
P.NYU II 33.4
P.Worp 22.1
SB XIV 11265.12 ([)
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.69
PSI IX 1069.89 (), 11 ()
P.Oxy. XII 1531.20
26

13
13
29 (or 15 BCE)
after 44
64
75
135
140/41
c. 152
158
158

kome (20)
[kome] (16)

160
183
II
II?
II/III
21821
247/8
before 258

topoi
kome

kome

topoi
topoi
topoi

kome

On the identity of these toponyms, see S. Daris, Stud. Pap. 19 (1980) 11718, and cf. Pruneti, I centri

under the respective names.

140

SB XXVI 16570.56 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422


P.Corn. 36.2
P.Oxy. X 1285.[23? See n. ad loc.], 116
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.37, 197
PSI VIII 945.19
PSI Congr. XVII 26.9
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.42
SB XIV 11937.ii.6 ()
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2766.10 ()
P.Col. X 289.5 = SB XVI 12335
([; see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. VII 1052.1, 9, 27
P.Oxy. XVI 1975.5 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.4 ()

290
III
III
III
III
III
III/IV
III/IV?
305
331
after 362
496
VI/VII

kome
kome

epoikion

Etymology: (P-)grg-(n-)r, The foundation in honour of Horus (Vandorpe, Egyptische


geografische elementen 180). The fuller probably represents *(P-)grg-(n)r--rj, the foundation in honour of Horus, the great child (ibid. 183).
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; probably 6th or 7th pagus (cf. P.Col. 289.5
n.)
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 631 Kerkeura shares sitologoi with Petne (Middle toparchy;
7th pagus?), suggesting proximity between the two villages. The village was situated on,
or near, a canal running between Taampeti [Middle toparchy; 7th pagus] and the Bahr
Yusuf (P.Worp 22.1 n. with reference to P.Col. 289.5 n. and R. Mller-Wollermann,
ZPE 96 (1993) 1234).
Position in official lists of villages: between Psobthis and Taampeti [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Nomou and Taampeti [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Taampeti and Tanais [P.Oxy.
1747]; betweeb Taampeti and Mastingophorou [SB 16570]; first before Sento [P.Corn.
36]; between Nemera and Sinary [PSI Congr. XVII 26]
Categories of land: former vineland (chersos) [P.Oxy. 2277]; land belonging to the idios
logos [P.Oxy. 2277]
Cultures/agricultural products: chlora [PSI 1069]; barley [PSI Congr. XVII 26]; persea
tree (belonging to the idios logos) [P.Oxy. 1188]; balsam, wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]
Associated kleroi: of Nikochares [PSI 1069]; of Spokeus [P.Wisc. 9]; of Eirenaios
[P.Worp 22]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Col. 289]; irrigation work [P.Col. 289]

141

Topographical features: granaries [P.Oxy. 2766]; vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Oxy. 2277]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; sheep and lambs [P.Kln 188]; goats [P.Kln 188]
Religion: shrine of Thoeris (thoerieion) of Osorphnas [P.Oxy. 1188; cf. Whitehorne,
ANRW II 18.5 (1995) 3077 with n. 88]; temple of Harpebekis (= Horus the Hawk) with a
tomb of scared animals ( ) [P.Oxy. 1188]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 516, 631 (also of Petne), 2839 (implied), SB 11168, P.CtYBR
inv. 4625]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 1188, 2277]; receivers and sealers (apodektai kai
episphragistai) of the granaries [P.Oxy. 2766]; chomatepistates [P.Col. 289]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (Pei)]; secretary of sitologoi [P.CtYBR
inv. 4625.25]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Sarapodoros
Oxyrhynchus [PSI 1069]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2031]

alias

Serenus,

archiereus

of

Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; annona militaris(?) [P.Oxy. 2766];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Note: in P.Oxy. 1975 an inhabitant of Niketou owes a debt to an inhabitant of Kerkeuris.

- Kesmouchis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2857
P.Oxy. IV 808 descr.
P.Oxy. IV 740.40
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.90, 96
P.Oxy. XLIII 3098.1, 11
P.Oxy. XII 1433.10, 4041
SB XXVI 16570.79 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.124
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.43, 86, 239
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.19 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.6
P.Oxy. LV 3787.66
P.Oxy. XIX 2232.7
P.Oxy. XII 1448.3
P.Oxy. XXXI 2571.4

5468
c. 200/1
21821
232/3
238
290
III
III
III

topoi

early IV
c. 31320?
316
after 324
338

kome
kome

142

P.Giss. 115.ii.6
P.Oxy. X 1342 descr.
P.Oxy. I 141.2, 3

IV
V
503

kome

Delendum: PSI VI 700.2 n. (cf. BL VIII 400)


Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus
Position in official lists of villages: between Mouchis and Senyris [P.Oxy. 1342];
between Tholthis and Sepho [P.Oxy. 1285, 1659.90]; between Paomis(?) and Sepho
[P.Oxy. 1659.96]; between Palosis and Tholthis [P.Oxy. 3307]; last after Sepho [SB
16570, Manchester Museum inv. 10893]; last after Palosis [P.Giss. 115]
Animals: pigs [P.Oxy. 2571, SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: boethos [P.Oxy. 1342]; praktores argyrikon [P.Oxy. 1433]; komarchai [P.Oxy.
2232]; tesserarius [P.Oxy. 2232]; collectors of meat and chaff (apaitetai kreos kai
achyrou) [P.Oxy. 2232]; collector of meat [P.Oxy. 2571 (implied)]; praktor sitikon
[P.Oxy. 3098]
Occupations: fishermen [P.Oxy. 141]
Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Oxy. 141]
Taxes and other imposts: beer-tax (zytera) [P.Oxy. 1433]; vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448];
crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]

* - Keuothis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4697
O.Wilck. 1100.4 ()
P.Oxy. LX 4091.11, 12
P.Oxy. LXVII 4611.ii.9
SB XVI 12324.9
P.Lond. III 776.56 ([]), 24 ()
p. 278
P.Oxy. XVI 1856.2

188
352
363
late IV
552

kome
kome

VI/VII

Administrative subdivision: see Note below.

143

Relative location: named with Aktouariou(?) and Herakloasianou in P.Oxy. 1856. Land
in the fields of Mermertha (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) is [P.Oxy. 4091],
implying close proximity between the two villages.
Irrigation: mechane (called /) [P.Lond. 776]
Topographical features: granary [P.Oxy. 4611]
Animals: donkeys [O.Wilck. 1100]
Officials: meizones [SB 12324]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1856 (Ioseph)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1856, P.Lond. 776 (pagarchoumene by
the Apiones)]
Note: Keuothis in O.Wilck. 1100 and P.Lond. 766 certainly belonged to the Cynopolite
nome. Similarly, in SB 12324 Keuothis is mentioned as belonging to the same nome as
Toka, a village now known to have been transferred to the Cynopolite nome by 385 (see
below s.v. ; as Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 14 n. 29, remarks, SB
12324 does not necessarily imply that Toka and Keuothis were close neighbours). The
Keuothis occurring in P.Oxy. 4091 has been considered to belong to the Oxyrhynchite
nome and specifically to the 1st pagus because it is mentioned in close connection with
Mermertha (so P.Oxy. 4091.11 n., LXIII 4384.34 n., Rowlandson, Landowners and
Tenants 14 n. 29). This is not a necessary conclusion, however. Mermertha was in the
east of the first pagus, on the right bank of the Apollophanes canal (see below s.v.
and cf. Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 12 with the map on p. xiv),
and therefore not far from the western border of the Cynopolite nome. It is perfectly
possible, then, that the fields of Mermertha in P.Oxy. 4091 adjoined the border of the
Cynopolite near Keuothis. There is thus no strong evidence that this village ever
belonged to the Oxyrhynchite nome. The Keuothis mentioned in P.Lond. V 1673.164
(VI) is of uncertain provenance (Hermopolite? Cf. BL V p. 59). Cf. also above, s.v.
.

- Kena
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5223
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.58

528/543/558

ktema

144

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2244]


Editors note ad loc.: the first letter, of which only the bottom remains, might well be
().

- Kineas
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2659
P.Oxy. LXXII 4901.4 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1915.11, 19
P.Oxy. XXVII 2479.2
PSI III 196.1
PSI III 197.1 (BL VII 233)
SB XXII 15362.4 = P.Oxy. I 192 descr.

408
after 557
VI
VI
VI
614/615

epoikion

VI/VII

chorion

epoikion

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
SPP X 198.6 ((?))

Relative location: associated with Meskanounios and Megalou Choriou [P.Oxy. 1915].
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 4901]
Irrigation: mechane (called ()) [SB 15362]
Animals: cattle (ktene) [P.Oxy. 2479]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 4901]; deacon [P.Oxy. 4901]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 2479 (also calling himself rhetorically a
doulos in this petition), SB 15362]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2479 (anonymous), 4901
(Marinos), PSI 196 (Victor), 197 (Victor)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1915, 2479(?), SB 15362(?)]; domus
divina [P.Oxy. 4901, PSI 196, 197]. See P.Oxy. 4901.4 n.

145

- Kisson
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5232
PSI III 165.4 (BL IX 312)
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.74, 79, 82 (BL IX 190)
P.Oxy. LV 3804.48, 146, 152, 155
P.Oxy. LV 3805.16

441/2
557
566
after 566

epoikion(?) (82)
epoikion

Uncertain instances (note that the form is no longer correct in PSI 165 and
P.Oxy. 1911 (cf. the BL entries above), which throws further doubt on the following
instances):
PSI VII 782.1 ((?); BL VIII 401)
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.1 n. (])

340/41
VII/VIII

chorion
[chorion]

Etymology: Presumably an ivy thicket () was a feature of the place when it got its
name (P.Oxy. 3804.48 n.).
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Trigyou, Loukiou,
Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern
part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (see P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). Kisson shares an
ergodioktes with Apelle in P.Oxy. 3804.155, implying that they were particularly close
neighbours within the prostasia. In PSI 165 a farmer in Isieion Panga is ordered to
disburse wine to the guards of Kisson and Netneou.
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911.74, 3804.146]
Occupations: brickmaker (plintheutes) [P.Oxy. 1911.79, 3804.152]; ergodioktes [P.Oxy.
1911, 3804.155]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 3804.48]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 3804.48]; guards
(teretai) [PSI 165]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804, 3805, PSI 165]

- Kl....ou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5234
P.Oxy. XVI 1845.2

VI/VII

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1845]

146

See BL XI 158 under P.Oxy. XVI 2018.20 and cf. below s.v.

- Kleonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5244
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.116, 153

before 566

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine (neophyta choria) [P.Oxy. 1912.152]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1912.116]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 1912.153]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912]
Note: a Heracleopolite chorion of the same name is also attested in SPP X 209.1
(VII/VIII).

- Knapheon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5207
P.Mich. XI 611.5 (), 26 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.30, 52

412
c. 555?

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: vielleicht abgeleitet von = Wollkrempler, Walker (Krger,


Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit 275).
Relative location: a farmer from Knapheon takes under lease land in Plelo (Middle
toparchy; 6th pagus) [P.Mich. 611].
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1913]

147

Occupations: ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1913]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1913]

* - Ko.leou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9497
P.Oxy. LVII 3911.6

199

epoikion

Note: The initial letter could be beta and lambda could be tau (n. ad loc.). The place
name is not certainly Oxyrhynchite. In P.Oxy. 3911 a man living in this hamlet takes
under lease land in Pimpasi.

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 1045 s.v.


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3041

** - Kollouthou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5281
P.Oxy. XLIX 3513.4
P.Oxy. XLIX 3515.4
P.Oxy. XLIX 3519.5

III
III
III

ktema
ktema
ktema

Note: ktema in these documents probably designates a viticultural site rather than a
settlement.

/ - Koloxou/Kolossou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5294
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.55 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.29, 30 (; see BL VIII

528/543/558
540/41

148

253 and P.Oxy. 4798.5 n.)


P.Oxy. LXX 4798.5, 25 ()
586
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.11 ()
late VI

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) colossus.


Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244 (called ), 4798 (called )]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2244, 4798 (enapographos)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2032, 2244, 4798]

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 10912 s.v., and cf. P.Oxy.
LV 3804.149 n.: There seems to be no good reason to think that
there was a place of the same name in the Oxyrhynchite nome.
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1152

- Konkon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5309
P.Oxy. LXIII 4383.7
P.Oxy. LV 3804.65

384
566

epoikion
ktema (66)

Administrative subdivision: 1st pagus


Relative location: a man from Konkon cultivates land in Loukiou [P.Oxy. 3804]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3804]
Note: cf. the edaphos of the same name in P.Oxy. XVI 1911.113 (557) and LV 3804.200.

[ ] (?) - Kopreous(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9188
SB XIV 11265.13 (BL VIII 369)

II/III

149

Officials: sitologos [SB 11265]

- Korobis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3143
P.Oxy. I 45.9
P.Lips. I 114.4
P.Oxy. III 619.6 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f.)
C.Pap.Jud. III 516.1 ([)
P.IFAO III 15.11
SB XIV 11604.6

95
133
c. 147
II
II?
III

kome
topoi

Administrative subdivision/Relative location: Pruneti cautiously takes P.Lips. 114, an


order to the sitologoi of Syron in the Western toparchy to transfer grain to an account in
Korobis, to imply that the latter belongs to the Western toparchy; but that is not a
decisive argument, since the destination of the transfer in such orders could be
anywhere in the nome, regardless of its origin. Note, nevertheless, that in SB 11604 a
man from Mouchinaxap (Western toparchy) takes under lease land in Korobis, perhaps
implying proximity between the two villages.
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 45]; private [P.IFAO III 15 (monartabos)]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 45, SB 11604]; barley [SB 11604]; chortos
[SB 11604]; lentils [SB 11604]
Associated kleroi: of Menoitios [P.Oxy. 45]

- Kosmou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5326
P.Oxy. XVII 2129.42
P.Oxy. X 1285.135 (BL I 334)
P.Oxy. XVII 2144.12, 19
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.53
PSI IX 1037.9, 43
SB XVI 13035.13, 18, 22, 23, 35, 46, 58, 60

205/6?
III
late III
III/IV
301
341

kome
kome (22, 35, 46)

150

P.Oxy. XIV 1735.2


P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.67, 69, 107, 126
P.Oxy. XVI 2019.30
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.96
P.Oxy. XVI 1866.2

IV
576/7?
VI
VI
VI/VII

epoikion (58)
chorion
ktema
kome

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1866 a dispute with Spania is mediated by Isieion Kato and
Phebichis (Heracleopolite), suggesting relative proximity between all these villages. n
SB 13035 two men from Dios farm land in the field of Kosmou.
Position in official lists of villages: between Sinary and Sesphtha [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Dositheou and Tychinphagon [P.Oxy. 1747]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1735]; barley [SB 13035]; chortos [SB
13035]; wheat [SB 13035]
Associated kleroi: of Sosthenes [SB 13035]; of inoos [SB 13035.61]
Animals: donkeys [PSI 1037]; camels [PSI 1037]
Officials: rhabdouchos of donkeys and camels [PSI 1037]; komarches [PSI 1037.43]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1866(?), 2019, 2195]

** ( ) - Kotal( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5328
SB I 1973.16

chorion

Note: perhaps identical with , as suggested by Pruneti, I centri s.v. = BL


VIII 306.

151

- Kotyleeiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5329
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.6, 11, 32
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.55 (BL IX 189), 56 (BL IX 189),
75, 79, 83, 91, 93, 104, 105, 137,
176, 182, 188, 191, 193, 195, 204
P.Oxy. LV 3804.127, 128, 146, 152, 155, 163,
1656, 169, 1767, 181, 191, 193,
210, 218
P.Princ. III 158.12
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.11 n., 36
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.4 (() ())

after 547
557

epoikion/ktema

566

epoikion/ktema

VI
621
VII/VIII

chorion

Uncertain instance: see above s.v. ( )


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Kisson, Trigyou,
Loukiou and Tarousebt [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern part
of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (cf. P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). In P.Oxy. 1911.83 and
3804.155 Kotyleeiou shares an Apionic ergodioktes with Netneou (separate prostasia),
suggesting proximity between the two places. J. R. Rea, P.Oxy. 3804.1767 n., proposes
a location between the Bahr Yusuf and the Western Desert.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1911.91, 3804.163 (vineyard overgrown
with grass), 1911.104, 182, 188, 191, 204, 3804.176 (see n. ad loc.), 3960; see Hickey, A
Public House but Closed 2635, for more details]
Irrigation: mechanai [P.Oxy. 1911.60 (see P.Oxy. 3804.12834 n.), 3804.133 (called
), 1911.61 (see P.Oxy. 3804.12834 n.), 3804.132 (called ), 169,
183]. P.Oxy. 1911.193205 and 3804.16974, 1813, 191 mention land damaged by the
flood.
Topographical features: dovecote (peristereon) [P.Oxy. 3804.137]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911.75, 3804.146]; priest [P.Oxy. 1911.59 (see P.Oxy.
3804.12834 n.), 62 (see ibid.), 202, 3804.131, 134]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1911.79, 3804.152]; ergodioktes [P.Oxy.
1911.83, 3804.155]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 1911.60 (koinon; see P.Oxy. 3804.12834 n.), 91,
104, 193, 3804.133, 1358 (koinon), 163, 169, 176, 181]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1911.63
(BL IX 189), 182, 188, 191, 204, 3804.135, 167, 191, 218]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1911.57
(see P.Oxy. 3804.12834 n.), 196, 3804.129]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916.6
(Serenus), 32]

152

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1911, 1916, 3804, 3960, P.Princ. 158]
Other: dikaion of the sons of the bishop [P.Oxy. 1911.55, 3804.127 (see n. ad loc.)]. A
dikaion of mechanai of the edaphos Thatretos is said to be south of Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy.
1911.137, 3804.210].

[ (?) - Koupsbem[(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5334
P.Giss. 115 introd.

IV

Administrative subdivision: 9th pagus

- Krariou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5341
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.15 (BL VIII 269)
PSI VIII 954.19, 21, 22, 24

early IV
VI

epoikon
epoikion

340/41

chorion

Uncertain instance:
PSI VII 782.5 ()
Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus
Relative location: in the vicinity of Dositheou (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy.
3307.13]. Coupled with Skytalitidos (8th pagus) [PSI 954.19, 21, 22]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 954]
Occupations: georgoi [PSI 954]; ampelourgoi [PSI 954]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 954]

153

- Kra..tou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5337
PSI VIII 947.25

185/6

ktema

Occupations: hydroparochos [PSI 947]


Note: cf. the kleros (Western toparchy) in P.Turner 25.13 (161). On the basis
of an examination of the papyrus, Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1 = BL VIII 404, states that
non possiamo escludere la possibilit di una lettura .

** [ ] - Krispou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5357
SB I 1973.19

chorion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Crispus.

(dative) -

Krommydio

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5360
P.Oxy. XVI 1861.8
P.Oxy. XVI 1921.16 (<?>)

VI/VII
after 621?

<kome?>

Note: cf. the mentioned in P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.50, 51, etc. (565/6) and see J.
Gascou, BIFAO 76 (1976) 153 n. 4.

- Ktesis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5368

154

P.IFAO III 49.8


P.Oxy. XVI 1912.104
SB XXII 15364.13 = P.Oxy. I 202 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.1
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.21 ([])
SB I 1973.10

early IV
before 566
582
VI
VI
?

<kome>
epoikion
epoikion
chorion

Uncertain instance:
SB XVIII 13917.2 (Oxy. provenance uncertain)

VI/VII

Etymology: lit. village/hamlet of (the) estate.


Administrative subdivision: most probably in the territory of the former Western
toparchy given its proximity to Paeimis.
Relative location: near Paeimis (Western toparchy; 4th pagus) [SB 15364]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [SB 15364]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [SB 15364]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912, 2207, SB 15364]

- Ktesis Senepta
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10220
SB XIV 11619.1
PSI V 472.5 (BL V 123)

II
295

epoikion

Etymology: lit. (the) estate (of) Senepta.


Administrative subdivision: probably in the Midde toparchy, like Senepta.
Occupations: phrontistes [PSI 472]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [PSI 472]; carpenter
(tekton) [SB 11619]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelia Diogenis alias Tourbiaina, femina clarissima [PSI 472]
Note: the place was probably an estate in the vicinity of Senepta; see also below s.v.
.

155

** - Ktoison
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5378
P.Oxy. VII 1052.21

after 362

Note: both the reading of this word and its status as toponym are uncertain; cf. n. ad loc.
and Pruneti, I centri s.v.

- Kyamon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5380
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.9
P.Oxy. XVIII 2204.5
P.Oxy. LXX 4791.9, [19]

528/543/558
550/51 or 565/6
578

epoikion

441

[epoikion]

epoikion/ktema

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4687.5 n.

Etymology: named after a bean patch (P.Oxy. LV 3804.48 n.).


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Aspida, Phna, Perouen and Spania
(former Lower toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2204]
Irrigation: mechane (called [ ]) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2204 (Paulos)]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2244, 4791
(enapographoi)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2204, 2244, 4687(?), 4791]

- Kyrilla
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5399

156

P.Oxy. XIX 2244.52


P.Oxy. LV 3805.97

528/543/558
after 566

epoikion

Etymology: Most probably the form represents the genitive of an unattested personal
name , although ed. pr. [of P.Oxy. 2244] has and A. Calderini, Diz.
dei nomi geografici III.ii 169 has (P.Oxy. 3805.97 n.).
Cultures/agricultural products: barley [P.Oxy. 3805]
Irrigation: mechane (called [][] ()) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy. 2244]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2244]; Apionic pronoetes
[P.Oxy. 3805 (Kosmas)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [both instances]

** - Kolopis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5406
SB I 1989(d)

chorion

- Kolotou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5407
P.Oxy. LXXV 5066.5
P.Oxy. XVI 1900.9, 35
SB I 1989(m)

460/61
528
?

epoikion
epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1900]


Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 1900]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 1900]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 5066
(Eulogios)]
Noteworthy landowners: episcopal church of Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 1900]; Apion estate
[P.Oxy. 5066]

157

- Kon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9507
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.3

VII/VIII

chorion

Form: it is a genitive plural or, more probably, an undeclined form (n. ad loc.).

158


** - Lamasonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9890
P.Oxy. LXIII 4372.46

34199?

Editors note: Lamason is known as a personal name, but not previously as a place
name The sixth-century () or () known from PSI VII
791.11 could possibly be named after a place rather than a person.

* - Laura
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3033
P.Oxy. LXXII 4929.3

564

Etymology: lit. alley, lane, passage.


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 4929]
Editors note: This is probably the village of the Cynopolite nome attested in [P.Oxy.] X
1256.7, 16, 24 (282), on which see N. Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 159 (cf. also P.Sijp. 21b.15).

- Laura Exo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5435
P.Oxy. XVI 1867.16

VII

Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 1867]

159

- Laura Eso
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5436
P.Oxy. XVI 1867.10

VII

Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 1867]

** ( ) - Lauter( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5437
SB I 1973.15

chorion

, - Lachanias, Nesos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5959
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.51
P.Oxy. LV 3805.35, 36
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).61, 63
P.Amh. II 149.5
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.10, 11
P.Oxy. LXVI 4538.2
P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.6

540/41
after 566
590
VI
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VII/VIII

epoikion

chorion

Uncertain instance:
P.Stras. IV 599.3 (] | )27

VI

Etymology: indicates that the land was formed by fluvial deposits; see Drew-Bear,
Le Nome hermopolite 43, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 34 (with further references). = vegetable garden.

27

Cf. n. ad loc.: dsigne un potager ... ou un lieu-dit de lOxyrhynchite.

160

Relative location: across from () Oxyrhynchus [P.Amh. 149], which probably


means that it lay just east of Oxyrhynchus on the opposite bank of the Bahr Yusuf
(P.Oxy. 3805.35 n.).
Irrigation: mechane with lakkos [P.Oxy. 4538]
Topographical features: gardens (kepoi) [P.Amh. 149, P.Oxy. 2243(a)]; harbour [P.Oxy.
3805]; warehouse (apostasis) [P.Oxy. 3805]
Officials: boethos [P.Oxy. 2032]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 ( Phib)]; overseer (epikeimenos) [P.Oxy.
3805]; phrontistes who is also a gardener (kepouros) and an enapographos [P.Amh. 149]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Amh. 149, P.Oxy. 998, 2031, 2032, 2243(a),
3805]

- Lemesios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5446
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.22

VI/VII

kome

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Relative location: apparently in the same Apionic prostasia as Leonidou (probably in
the area of the 7th pagus; see below s.v. ) [P.Oxy. 1910]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1910 (Ioannes)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910]

- Leontos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5454
P.Theon. 19.2
P.Palau Rib. 7.9 = SB XIV 11428
P.IFAO II 12.7

159
II
V

epoikion
epoikion

161

P.Oxy. XIX 2244.34


P.Oxy. I 142.3 ()
P.Oxy. I 143.1
SB XXII 15367.1, 6 = P.Oxy. I 206 descr.
P.Oxy. LV 3805.43
P.Oxy. XVI 1896.13, 27
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.7
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.4
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.28, 30, 32, 34
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.20
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.15
P.Oxy. LXVI 4537.4

528/543/558
534
535
535
after 566
577
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion

epoikion
ktema
epoikion/ktema
ktema

ktema

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy? (See below under Relative location)
Relative location: in P.Palau Rib. 7 a man from Tychinnekotis (Eastern toparchy) takes
under lease land in Leontos and must deliver the rent at the threshing floor of
Tychinnekotis, suggesting that the two places were near one another. Leontos shares an
Apionic pronoetes with Peleas [SB 15367.1; cf. SB XX 15366.1 (535)]. Perhaps near
Philostratou (see Note below).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1896, 2044]; achyron [P.Oxy. 3805]; wheat
[P.Palau Rib. 7]
Associated kleroi: of Apollonios [P.Palau Rib. 7]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.IFAO II 12, P.Oxy. 2035, 2244, 4537]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2244
(called ), 4537 (called ()), SB 15367 (called [])]
Religion: priest [P.Oxy. 4537]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 142 (Pamouthios), 143 (Pamouthios), 2034
(name unpreserved), SB 15367 (Pamouthios)]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1896]; enapographoi
georgoi [P.Oxy. 1896]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2244, 4537, SB 15367]; prostates [P.Theon. 19]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Theon. 19]; Tatianos geouchon [P.IFAO II
12]; all sixth- and seventh-century attestations relate to the Apion estate.
Other: in P.Oxy. 2055, an individual from Leontos is said to have been murdered by
those from Philostratou and two others are said to have fled from Leontos to
Philostratou.

162

, - Leukadiou, Nesos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5960
P.Princ. II 88.1
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.84
P.Oxy. LV 3804.156
P.Oxy. LV 3805.89
P.Oxy. I 134.18, 334
P.Oxy. LXX 4796.11, [14]
P.Princ. III 158.14
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2024.4, 6, 7, 9, 20, 21
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.4, 35

V
557
566
after 566
569
583
VI
late VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion(?)
ktema
epoikion
epoikion

ktema
epoikion

Uncertain instances: P.Oxy. XLIII 3120.3 (310) refers to a (the


editor takes the name to be a personal name, while Pruneti, I centri 95, cautiously
advances the possibility that it is a toponym); in P.Oxy. LXI 4131 Leukadiou is the name
of a hospice (nosokomeion) and in P.Oxy. LXVII 4620.20 (V/VI) the name of a
monastery.
Etymology: indicates that the land was formed by fluvial deposits; see Drew-Bear,
Le Nome hermopolite 43, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 34 (with further references). Second element < Greek personal
name .
Relative location: apparently in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Kisson,
Trigyou, Loukiou, Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was in the
southern part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (cf. P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). The
village shares an Apionic ergodioktes with Trigyou, Tarousebt and Anta [P.Oxy. 1911.84,
3804.156]; cf. also P.Oxy. 134, where stone from the quarries of Nesos Leukadiou is
destined for Tarousebt (see BL IX 178). The mention of quarrymen from Nesos
Leukadiou in P.Oxy. 134 suggests a location near the Western desert (cf. P.Oxy. LV pp.
967).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Princ. 88]
Topographical features: three towers [P.Oxy. 2024.8, 22]; orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy.
3805]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2024.5, 21]; church of the Tower ( ) [P.Oxy.
2024.7]

163

Occupations: chief of the stone-masons (() ) [P.Oxy. 134];


ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2024.4, 19 (Theodoros)];
phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2024.7, 21]; phyllat(es/or) [P.Oxy. 2024.8, 22]; pomarites [P.Oxy.
3805]; enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4796]; ampelourgoi [P.Princ. 88]
Noteworthy landowners: all instances appear to relate to the Apion estate.
Other: P.Oxy. 3805 mentions an aroura called of Kallinikos.

- Leukiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2859
SB XXVI 16570.13 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422 ([) 290
SB XVIII 14067.16
mid-III
O.Heid. 394.5
III
P.Oxy. X 1285.82
III
P.Select. 7 A.3, B.3
314
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3422.1
IV
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3428.9, 17
IV
SB I 1945.12 (cf. SB I p. 666)
V/VI
SB XXII 15285.2, 10
526
PSI III 246.8 (BL X 236)
526
P.Mich. XIII 674.3
VI
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.6, 21, 22, 23, 30, 31
VI
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.76, 81, 86(?)
VI
P.Iand. III 38.2
VI/VII
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.8 (BL XI 153)
VI/VII
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.22
VI/VII

kome

chorion(?)
kome
kome
chorion
kome
epoikion
kome
kome

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Lucius.


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 3rd pagus
Relative location: perhaps near Partheniados and Hiereon [P.Oxy. 2197.71]
Position in official lists of villages: between Pela and Petemouneos [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Senokomis and Kerkethyris [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Mich. 674]; honey [P.Oxy. 3422]

164

Topographical features: pottery workshop (kouphokerameion) [P.Oxy. 2197.97 (not


completely certain)]
Irrigation: various mechanai with lakkoi are listed in P.Oxy. 2197.86ff., but the villages
name is not completely certain (Loukiou being an alternative possibility).
Animals: calf [SB 16570]
Religion: (Christian) priests [SB 15285]
Officials: meizon [P.Iand. 38, P.Oxy. 3422]
Occupations: ampelourgos [P.Mich. 674]; overseer (epikeimenos) [P.Mich. 674]; gatekeeper (thyrouros) [P.Mich. 674]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2197.96 (not completely certain)];
georgos [P.Oxy. 3428]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1908, 2018, 2025, 2197]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Leonidou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5474
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.3, 5, 13, 25
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.67
P.Oxy. XVI 1918r.11 (BL VIII 251)
P.Iand. III 51.3
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.9
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.6, 8, 13
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.13
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.1, 4, 6, 9, 11
P.Oxy. XVI 1937.3
PSI I 52.9, verso
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.4, 31

528/543/558
540/41
after 542
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
VII (1st half)
621

epoikion

216/7

epoikion

ktema

ktema
ktema

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. XXXIII 2671.1 ( | )28
28

Edd. ad loc.: perhaps , but the is not ideal (more like ). The census return appears to be

from the Heracleopolite nome to judge from the formulas used (see 2 n.).

165

P.Bad. IV 53.18

IV

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: P.Oxy. 2035 mentions the dikes of Sepho (Thmoisepho toparhy; 7th
pagus) and Leonidou, suggesting that the two villages were neighbours. Near Taampeti
(Middle toparchy; 7th pagus) [PSI 52]. The Apionic prostasia of Leonidou comprised
Limeniados [P.Oxy. 1910; cf. P.Oxy. 2044, 3960], Herakleias [P.Oxy. 1910], Pleein
[P.Oxy. 1910], and possibly Lemesios, Kegethis and Plakitou [P.Oxy. 1910.22, 23, 26].
P.Oxy. 1937 refers to a dispute between Leonidou and Terythis.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2044, 3960]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 1910]; dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 2035]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2244.3
(called ), 5 (called ), 13 (called ), 25
(called [)]
Religion: hospice (xenodocheion) [P.Oxy. 1910]; martyrion [P.Oxy. 1910]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1910 (Ioannes)]; brickmakers (plintheutai)
[P.Oxy. 1910]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2244]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 1908, 1910, 1918, 1937, 2032,
2035, 2044, 2244, 3960]

- Lenon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2858
P.Oxy. LXIX 4739.3, 19
P.Oxy. XLVII 3344.4, 37
P.Oxy. X 1285.77
SB XIV 12108.22
SB XIV 12047v.7 (; cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 190)
PSI IX 1078.7 (), 33 ()
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.15
P.Oxy. XVI 1930.1
PSI I 80.10, 16, 17, 25 n. ()
P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.10 ( ()())

127
207
III
III/IV
325?
356
IV
VI
VI?
VII/VIII

epoikion

kome
epoikion
kome
chorion

Etymology: lit. Winepress.

166

Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 4th pagus


Relative location: presumably it lay in the south-west of the Western toparchy (P.Oxy.
4342.15 n.), near Pela and Paeimis [P.Oxy. 4739 with Rowlandson, Landowners and
Tenants 268 n. 186].
Position in official lists of villages: between Paeimis and Senao [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Pela and Paeimis [SB 12108]; before Syron [SB 12047]
Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) [PSI 1078]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 1078]; barley [PSI 1078]; lachanospermon
[PSI 1078]
Irrigation: work on dikes [P.Oxy. 4342, PSI 1078.23, SB 12108]; mechane and other
irrigation implements [PSI 1078]; gyai [PSI 1078]; canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB
12108]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 4739]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 1930]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 3344]; nomophylax
[P.Oxy. 3344]
Occupations: georgos [PSI 80.17]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Kronion, officialis in the bureau of the prefect of Egypt [PSI
1078]

- Lithines
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5488
P.Oxy. LV 3804.241
P.Oxy. LXXII 4922.9
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).31
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.5

566
582
590
VII/VIII

epoikion
ktema
epoikion
chorion

Uncertain instance: see below under Some Acephalous Toponyms s.v. [ ] .


Relative location: field-guards of Lithines watch over the chortos of Notines Paroriou, a
village in the area of Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) [P.Oxy. 3804]; for
another connection between these two villages, cf. P.Oxy. 2243(a).

167

Cultures/agricultural products: flax(?) [P.Oxy. 4922 fr. 3.2 n.]


Occupations: field-guards (agrophylakes) [P.Oxy. 3804]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a), 3804]

- Likeoutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9894
P.Oxy. LXIII 4398.14, 33

553

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 4398]


Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4398]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Dioskoros, scholasticus and advocatus fori in the high court
of the praetorian prefects [P.Oxy. 4398]

- Lile
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5489
P.Oxy. XLV 3250.9, 27
P.Oxy. XLII 3048.17
P.Oxy. X 1285.92
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.13
SB XII 10800.16
P.Oxy. I 67.5, 15

c. 63
246
III
III
III/IV
338

<kome>

<kome>
kome

Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus


Relative location: near Akanthon [P.Oxy. 3250]
Position in official lists of villages: between Ophis and Sarapionos Chairemonos
[P.Oxy. 1285]; between Thmoinepsobthis and Ophis [P.Wash.Univ. 81]
Topographical features: a harbour of Akanthon and Lile is mentioned in P.Oxy. 3250.

168

Animals: sheep [SB 10800]


Occupations: pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3048]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3048]; georgos [P.Oxy.
3048]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 3048]
Noteworthy landowners: Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3048]

- Limeniados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5491
P.Daris inv. 240.5 (ZPE 180 (2012) 2634)
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.10
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.3, 6
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.4, 31

IV
VI
VI/VII
621

chorion
ktema

Relative location: in the Apionic prostasia of Leonidou (in the area of the 7th pagus) and
Herakleias [P.Oxy. 1910; cf. P.Oxy. 2044, 3960; mentioned immediately after Herakleias
in P.Daris inv. 240]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Daris inv. 240, P.Oxy. 2044, 3960]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1910]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1910 (Ioannes)]; brickmakers (plintheutai)
[P.Oxy. 1910]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910, 2044, 3960]

, - Limeniou, Nesos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2865
P.Oxy. VIII 1133.4

369

epoikion

Etymology: indicates that the land was formed by fluvial deposits; see Drew-Bear,
Le Nome hermopolite 43, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson,

169

Landowners and Tenants 34 (with further references). Second element < Greek personal
name or , (little) harbour.
Occupations: pomarites and ex-primipilarius (originally from Herakleopolis) [P.Oxy.
1133]

** - Loitos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5501
SB I 1989(a)

chorion

- Loukiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5508
P.Kln III 159.1
V/VI
P.Oxy. XVI 1932.2
5279/5424
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.23 (= SB XXIV 16324), 43 (BL
557
IX 189), 51, 74 (BL IX 190), 80,
83, 109, 112, 116, 117, 139, 140,
142, 143, 164
P.Oxy. LV 3804.62, 93, 114, 123, 148, 153, 155,
566
1789, 1889, 195, 1989, 204, 268
P.Oxy. LV 3805.87
after 566
P.Warr. 10.9, 36
591/2
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
late VI
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.86(?) (BL IX 194)
VI
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.10
late VI
P.Oxy. VI 922.25
VI /VII
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.6
VII/VIII

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion (117)
ktema

epoikion/ktema
ktema
epoikion
epoikion

chorion

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. XLV 3253.17 n.

III/IV

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Lucius.

170

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Kisson, Trigyou,
Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern
part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (see P.Oxy. LV pp. 967; cf. also P.Oxy.
3804.62 n.). Inhabitants of Pekty (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus), Sophrosynes and Konkon
(1st pagus) farm land in Loukiou [P.Oxy. 3804.65, 85, 86, 98, 99].
Categories of land: autourgia [P.Oxy. 1911.116, 3804.204]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [P.Oxy. 1932, P.Warr. 10]; wine [P.Oxy.
3804.75, 96, 101, 3805.87]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 1911.117, 140, 3804.189 (called ), 1911.164 (called
)]; dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 1911.141, 143]; various mechanai with lakkoi
listed in P.Oxy. 2197, but the villages name is not completely certain (Leukiou being an
alternative possibility). P.Oxy. 1911.1424 and 3804.17880, 18890, 195 mention
breaches of dikes (chomata) and land carried away by the river.
Topographical features: pottery workshop (kouphokerameion) [P.Oxy. 2197.97 (not
completely certain)]; oil-press (elaiourgeion) [P.Oxy. 3804.77]
Animals: donkey [P.Oxy. 922]; sheep [P.Oxy. 1911.23, 3804.94]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911.74 (cf. BL IX 190), 3804.148]; deacon [P.Oxy. 3804.81,
89]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1911.80, 3804.153]; ergodioktes [P.Oxy.
1911.83, 3804.155]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 1911.23 (koinon), 142, 3804.96, 101 (koinon)];
phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2197.96 (not completely certain)]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 3804.75,
101]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 922, 998, 1911, 1932, 2197, 3804, 3805,
P.Wash.Univ. 84]
Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 1911.23, 3804.93]
Other: P.Oxy. 3253 mentions people going hungry in this(?) village.

** (?) - Loustou Alichseneni(?)


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5515
P.Laur. II 47.5

VII

171

Note: both the reading of these words and their status as a toponym are uncertain.

- Lykonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5522
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.27
P.Oxy. XVI 2000.2

VI
VI/VII

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: perhaps in the Apionic prostasia of Hiereon [P.Oxy. 2000]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2197]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2000(?), 2197]
Note: cf. the edaphos of the same name in P.Oxy. LXXIII 4966.10 (371) said to be in the
vicinity of Paeimis (Western toparchy; 4th pagus).

See s.v.

172


* [ - M[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5534
P.Bour. 16.14

198

- M.....ou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11683
P.Oxy. LVII 3905.18

99

Relative location: since a number of farmers in this village are from Pela, it was
probably nearby in the Western toparchy.
Associated kleroi: of Pytheas and others [P.Oxy. 3905]
Editors note: the last letter might be sigma and a possible alternative reading is
cannot be read.

() - Magdola
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5548
P.Mich. XVIII 786.7, 13, 18, 20 (())
P.Oxy. IV 740 .43 (())

167
c. 200/1

Uncertain instances: P.Oxy. XLIX 3514.17 and P.Oxy. XLIX 3518.12 (260) refer to a
ktema called (), but this appears to be a viticultural site rather than a
settlement.

173

Etymology: (N)-mkl, the watch-towers (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen


11920).
Administrative subdivision: probably in the Middle toparchy (cf. P.Mich. 786.7 n.).
Categories of land: uninundated land (abrochos), former vineland (chersos), halmyris(?)
[P.Oxy. 740]
Irrigation: dikes(?) (chomata) [P.Oxy. 740]

- Magdola Hiereon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9212
P.Stras. VIII 770v.3

II

Etymology: the watch-towers ((-)mkr) of the priests (Vandorpe, Egyptische


geografische elementen 120).
Note: cf. also above s.v.

- Maeiouma
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5560
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.7
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.41
SB VI 9561.21 ()
P.Iand. III 51.22
P.Oxy. VI 999 descr. ()

V/VI
540/41
590
VI
616/17

Etymology: cf. J. Van Haelst, CE 34 (1959) 297 (21 n.).


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Pangouleeiou, Margaritou and
Ambioutos [P.Oxy. 999], that is, somewhere in the border area between the former
Eastern and Western toparchies (see s.v. ); but cf. P.Oxy. 2032, where
Pangouleeiou and Maeiouma each have their own pronoetes.

174

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 999 (Stephanos), 2032 (Phoibammon)]; ergates


[P.Wash.Univ. 102]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 999, 2032, P.Wash.Univ. 102];
Flavia Anastasia, femina gloriosissima [SB 9561]
Note: cf. also the homonymous Heracleopolite village in SPP X 233.ii.4 (V) and 209.4
(VII/VIII), which Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 125 s.v., presumes must have been
one of the villages near the boundary between the Herakleopolites and the
Oxyrhynchites. But the location of Oxyrhynchite Maeiouma in the prostasia of
Pangouleeiou, which was near the border between the former Eastern and Western
toparchies (see s.v.), would exclude such an identification.

- Malliou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9214
P.Heid. IV 306.5

413

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Mallius.

- Margaritou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5594
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.99, 114
P.Oxy. VI 999 descr.

VI
616/17

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Pangouleeiou, Ambioutos and
Maeiouma [P.Oxy. 999; cf. P.Oxy. 2197.99], that is, somewhere in the border area
between the former Eastern and Western toparchies (see s.v. ).
Irrigation: various mechanai with krenai are listed in P.Oxy. 2197.114ff.

175

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 999 (Stephanos)]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2197.114


etc.]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 999, 2197]

** - Marthera
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5599
SB I 1945.13

V/VI

chorion(?)

( ) - Marment( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9522
P.Oxy. LVI 3856.14

III/IV

Relative location: the naming of the village along with Paeimis and Antipera (Pela) has
suggested to the editor that it was a place in or near the Western toparchy (n. ad loc.).
Note: this village is the source of the usual fuel ( ) for baths
(chaff = achyron?).

- Mastingophorou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5623
PSI VIII 947v.24
SB XXVI 16570.57 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XVII 2142.6 ()
P.Oxy. X 1285.[21], 114 (BL VIII 244)
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.7 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)

185/6
290
c. 293
III
III

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) Whip Bearer (in the Ptolemaic period the term
designated bodyguards of high officials).

176

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Position in official lists of villages: between Takolkeilis and Psobthis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Kerkeura and Peenno [SB 16570]; between Petenoureos and Sento [Manchester
Museum inv. 10893]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]
Taxes and other imposts: annona militaris [P.Oxy. 2142]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]

/ - Mataei/Mataeitos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5629
SB XVI 12755.2, 11
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.18 (, but cf. BL VIII 253)
P.Wash.Univ. II 105.1
P.Mich. XV 748.4

mid-IV
late V
VI/VII
651/666/681

epoikion
epoikion
chorion

Administrative subdivision: 6th pagus


Arabic/modern counterpart: Goma et al., Mittelgypten 83, propose an identification
with Kom Matai, but this place is too far south (near the territory of the Upper
toparchy/1st pagus) to correspond to a village of the 6th pagus.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Mich. 748, P.Wash.Univ. 105]
Note: cf. the mechane in P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.2 (VI).

() - Matreou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5634
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.31
P.Oxy. LV 3805.86
P.Oxy. I 136.15, 43, 52
P.Oxy. XVIII 2196.4

528/543/558
after 566
583
after 587

epoikion
ktema
ktema

177

P.Oxy. XVI 2035.16


P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.34, 38, 40
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.6
P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.11

VI
VI
VI
VII/VIII

[ktema]
chorion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Episemou (Upper toparchy; 3rd
pagus) and Adaiou (Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus) [P.Oxy. 136, 2196]. Mentioned
together with Kalybe and Psaei [P.Oxy. 2197].
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Religion: churches [P.Oxy. 2196.10]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [Serenus (who is also deacon): P.Oxy. 136, 2196; P.Oxy.
3805 (anonymous)]; georgos [P.Oxy. 2197.38, 2244]; a slave (doulos) of Matreou is
mentioned in P.Oxy. 2197.40.
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all P.Oxy. instances]

- Mattou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5639
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.5

VI

epoikion

- Machausonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5646
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.2, 35, 38

VI

ktema

Noteworthy landowners: domus divina [P.Oxy. 2055]


Note: P.Oxy. 2055 names 23 georgoi from Thaesios and one from Leontos who had fled
to Machausonos. It also mentions theft of cattle by someone from Peleas who fled to
Machausonos. The origins of these fugitives are settlements of the Apion estate.

178

/ / N.N.
See s.v. N.N. / /

[ - Megal[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4763
P.Oxy. XVI 2042.14

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2042]

** ( ) - Meinast( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5677
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.122

576/7?

Editors note ad loc.: () may have been intended, but we should expect a
monastery to be named.

- Melanthiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5680
P.Harr. II 194.10
P.Oxy. X 1285.102
P.Mich. XX 816.34 ()

183/4 or 215/6
III
c. 376/7

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Relative location: near Herakleion (Middle toparchy) and on a waterway [P.Harr. 194]

179

Position in official lists of villages: between Nomou and Senopotheos [P.Oxy. 1285]
Topographical features: sluices (apheseis) [P.Harr. 194]
Occupations: fishing [P.Harr. 194]
Note: cf. the kleros of the same name in P.Oxy. IX 1188.23 (13), near Peenno (Middle
toparchy), and the edaphos in P.Col. VIII 238.8, 23 (IV). See also below s.v. .

** - Melanthou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5684
SB 1989(g)

chorion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Note: identical with above?

- Melita
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5690
P.Oxy. XVI 1976.12, 26
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.

582
late VI

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1976 (implied)]


Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1976 (Georgios)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 1976]

( )

See BL VIII 236 under P.Oxy. III 515.2 and cf. below
s.v.

180

- Mena
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5696
P.Hib. I 90.7

222 BCE

Relative location: presumably near a waterway (cf. below under Topographical


features).
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Hib. 90]; olyra [P.Hib. 90]
Topographical features: nesos (land formed by alluvial deposits) [P.Hib. 90]
Military: Macedonian military settler (decurion of the troop of Philon) [P.Hib. 90]

- Menekratous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5700
P.Oxy. XLII 3046.18

244/5

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Eastern or (less likely) Middle toparchy (see Pruneti, I
centri s.v. n. 1)
Relative location: near Pakerke and Satyrou (both in the Eastern toparchy) [P.Oxy.
3046]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 3046]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Sarapion son of Herakleides alias Panares, exagoranomos of Antinoopolis [P.Oxy. 3046]

- Menesina
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9908

181

SB XXII 15365.ii.5 = P.Oxy. I 204 descr.

606 or 621

Note: in SB 15365 this place is the origin of a symmachos of the Apion estate. The editors
note ad loc. in BASP 31 (1994) 66: We do not discount the possibility that
conceals some deformation of the village name , which appears in several
peculiar variant forms, e.g. .

- Mene....ou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5699
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.12

early IV

Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus


Relative location: in the vicinity of Paomis (Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy.
3307.11]
Editors note ad loc.: not .

- Mer..s
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5727
P.Oxy. VII 1052.7

after 362

epoikion

Administrative subdivision: probabile una localizzazione di questo centro nella


o nella , poich gli altri villaggi che compaiono nel papiro appartengono
alluna o allaltra toparchia (Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1.).
Cultures/agricultural products: balsam [P.Oxy. 1052]

/ - Mermertha/Mermerthon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1359

182

P.Sorb. I 17 a.[4], b.5 ( ; BL VI 188)


P.Hib. II 248 fr. ii.12 ([])
P.Oxy. IV 823 descr.
P.Oxy. II 276.12 (BL VII 129)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4878.6
PSI XII 1262.iii.4, 14
P.Oxy. XLVII 3337.1
P.Oxy. III 619.14 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f.)
P.Oxy. III 629.14 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 192)
O.Wilck. 1122.23
P.Fuad.Univ. 32 verso ()
P.Worp 22.13
SB XVI 12622.2
P.Oxy. IV 740.[14], 16
BGU XIII 2340.7
P.Oxy. VIII 1111.i.7, ii.2
P.Oxy. XVII 2129.2
P.Turner 33.8
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.17, 30
P.Oxy. L 3592 .4, 8
P.Oxy. L 3591.12
P.Oxy. VI 912 .7
SB XVI 12994.28 = P.Mich. XIV 675
P.Oxy. XLIV 3179.3
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.6
PSI VIII 880.78
P.Oxy. XLII 3035.3
PSI IX 1070.8
P.Oxy. XIV 1689.8, 11, 35, 55
P.Coll.Youtie II 70.9, [23 n.]
P.Oxy. LXXIV 4999.26
P.Oxy. XLV 3247.5
P.Oxy. X 1285.54
P.Oxy. XXXI 2576.1
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.74, 100, 140 (+ introd.)
P.Oxy. L 3572 .5
SB XXII 15628.1
SB XIV 12156.ii.2 ([)
SB XIV 12108.15
P.Amst. I 42.9 ()
P.Oxy. LV 3795.19
P.Oxy. LV 3787.223
PSI IV 316.23, 20
P.Oxy. LVI 3874.18, 47

275 BCE
c. 250 BCE
6 BCE
77
c. 135
137
after(?) 142
c. 147
159/60
193211
II
II?
II/III
c. 200/1
early III
202/3
205/6?
211
21821
21861?
219
235
241
248/9
2536
254/5
256
26062
266
272/3 or 278/9
292
298
III
III
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
III/IV
early IV
c. 31320?
328
345/6?

kome

kome

kome

<kome>
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

<kome>

kome
kome

183

P.Oxy. LXI 4128.6


P.Oxy. LX 4091.11
P.Hamb. IV 263.6
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4687.9
P.Oxy. LXIII 4390.6, 30
SB XIV 12130.7, 13, 20
PSI VII 843.6
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.7

346
352
366
441
469
V/VI
V/VI
528/543/558

kome
kome
kome
[kome]
kome

kome

Form: On the declension of the toponym, see S. Daris, ZPE 180 (2012) 2646.
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 1st pagus
Relative location: land in the fields of Mermertha is , a village of the
Cynopolite nome (see above s.v. ), which implies Mermerthas proximity to
the border with the Cynopolite [P.Oxy. 4091]. Perhaps near thychis (Upper toparchy)
given the association of both villages with a kleros of Kodibithys [P.Oxy. 4091; cf. ZPE
172 (2010) 180, 78 n.].
Position in official lists of villages: between Nigrou and Episemou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Thosbis and Sko [P.Oxy. 1659.18], between Monimou and Episemou [P.Oxy.
1659.30]; before Sko [SB 12156]; between Sadalou and Monimou [SB 12108]
Categories of land: land acquired by the fiscus (tameion) [P.Coll.Youtie 70]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Amst. 42, P.Coll.Youtie 70, P.Oxy. 1689, 3591,
3592, 4390, PSI 1070.17(?), 1262, P.Sorb. 17]; lentils [P.Oxy. 1689]; chlora [BGU 2340,
P.Oxy. 3591, 3592]; land overgrown with rushes (en thryois) [P.Oxy. 4091];
lachanospermon [P.Oxy. 4390]; olive-oil [P.Hib. 248]; barley [P.Coll.Youtie 70]
Associated kleroi: of Metokos and Metokos [P.Oxy. 3591]; of Spartakos and
Hermokrates [P.Oxy. 3592]; of Kodibithys [P.Oxy. 4091]; of Aristo [PSI 1070]; of
Hebryzelmios [PSI 1070]; of Loukios [PSI 1070]; of Theodoros and N.N. [PSI 1070]; of
Apollonios son of Spartakos [P.Coll.Youtie 70]; of Apollonios and(?) N.N. [BGU 2340];
of Andronikos [P.Worp 22]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244 (called ), 4390]; canal (dioryx) of
Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: public granary [P.Amst. 42, P.Oxy. 276, 3179, 3591, P.Sorb. 17
a.12, b.13]; threshing floor [P.Coll.Youtie 70(?), P.Oxy. 1689.34, 3592]; house in the
mid-eastern parts ( () ) of the village [P.Oxy.
1111]; walled space ( ) [P.Oxy. 1111]; road [P.Oxy. 4390]; estate
hamlet (epoikion) in the vicinity of the village with a threshing floor [P.Amst. 42]

184

Animals: oxen [P.Oxy. 3109 (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns), SB


12156]
Religion: priest of Mendes [P.Oxy. 3592]; third-century Christian [P.Oxy. 3035]; deacon
[P.Oxy. 3787 (Thosbis is also possible)]; church [P.Oxy. 3787 (Thosbis is also possible)];
contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB 12130]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 276, 3337, O.Wilck. 1122(?)]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 2576,
4128, SB 15628]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3035, 3109, 4128]; supervisors of the peace
(epistatai eirenes) [P.Oxy. 3035]; dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 3179]; praktor sitikon [P.Oxy.
3572]; tesserarius [P.Oxy. 4128]; quadrarius [P.Oxy. 4128]; field guard (pediophylax)
[P.Oxy. 4128]; officials in charge of collecting tunics ( ), probably for the
military [P.Oxy. 4128]; komogrammateus [SB 12994]; boethos [P.Hamb. 263]
Occupations: wine-merchant (oinemporos) [P.Oxy. 2576]; secretary (grammateus) of a
praktor sitikon [P.Oxy. 3572]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 740, 2244, P.Turner 33]
Military: secretary of a hipparchy (grammateus hiparchias) and military settler [P.Sorb.
17]; cavalryman (hippeus) [P.Sorb. 17]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Dioskourides alias Kastor, ex-gymnasiarchos and
bouleutes [P.Oxy. 3591]; Aurelius Theon son of Ammonios, bouleutes [P.Oxy. 4091];
Aurelius Diogenes son of Silvanus [PSI 316]; the city of Oxyrhynchus [PSI 1070];
Aurelia Apia [P.Turner 33]; Aurelius Severus, bouleutes and gymnasiarchos
[P.Coll.Youtie 70]; Horion alias Berenikianos, gymnasiarchos and eutheniarches
[P.Coll.Youtie 70]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2244, 4390, 4687 (uncertain; see 34 n., 9 n.)]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787];
chrysos bourdonon (tax levied in connection with the provision or requisitioning of
mules for the army) [P.Oxy. 3874]; requisition of meat [SB 12156]
Note: see also below, s.v.

/
- Meskanounios/Meskanouneos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5735
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.22
P.Oxy. XVI 1915.10, 11, 17, 19
P.Oxy. LXXII 4926.2
P.Oxy. LV 3805.113

540/41
c. 560
564
after 566

ktema

185

P.Lond. III 778.9 p. 279 (BL I 299)


P.Turner 53.1 = P.Oxy. VI 1003 descr.
P.Iand. III 51.11
P.Mert. II 96.4 (())
P.Oxy. XVI 1935.3
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.16
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.17
SB XII 10944.3 ()
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2030.1
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.7
P.Oxy. VII 1053.18
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.2
P.Oxy. XVI 1866.5
P.Wash.Univ. I 28.3

568
c. 572
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
late VI
VI /VII
VI /VII
VI/VII
VI/VII

ktema
ktema

ktema

ktema

Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1866 the archisymmachos of Meskanounios is required for


an affair involving a number of villages of the (former) Lower toparchy in the north of
the nome; perhaps Meskanounios was in the same area. The village is often associated
with Megalou Choriou (see P.Oxy. 1915.8 n.; add P.Oxy. 4926) and Pempo (see P.Mert.
96.4 n.).
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 1935]; lakkos [P.Wash.Univ. 28]
Topographical features: basins (chalkia) in need of repair [P.Turner 53]
Religion: deacon (who is also an enapographos georgos) [P.Lond. 778]
Officials: grammateus [P.Oxy. 1935]
Occupations: archisymmachos [P.Oxy. 1866]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1915.10
(anonymous), 2031 (Apphouas), 2032 (Anoup)]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 1915.18, P.Lond. 778
(enapographos georgos who is also deacon), SB 10944 (enapographos)]; field guards
(agrophylakes) [P.Oxy. 1935]; phrontistai [P.Oxy. 1935]; potter (kerameus) [P.Oxy.
2030.6]; ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 3805]; brickmaker (plintheutes) [P.Wash.Univ. 28];
potamitai [P.Wash.Univ. 28]; carpenter (tekton) [P.Wash.Univ. 28]
Noteworthy landowners: all instances appear to relate to the Apion estate.
Other: P.Oxy. 3805 mentions stolen wood in connection with this villages Apionic
foreman. P.Oxy. 4926 concerns payment of bread rations to 50 onomata from
Meskanounios (cf. Tyche 22 (2007) 21718).

186

() - Mesopotamia
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5742
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.107
P.Wash.Univ. II 89.7
P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227)v.1 (see Pap.Congr.
XXIV 41719)29

576/7?
VI
VI/VII

Etymology: lit. (land) between rivers.


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227), P.Oxy. 2195]
Note: Pruneti, I centri s.v., refers also to her entry , a place attested
in SB X 10533.7 = P.Princ. III 148 (171); but this document is now believed to relate to
the Lycopolite nome (see S. Daris, Anagennesis 2 (1982) 2278).

See below s.v. (2) (P.Lips. I 117)

** - Metrikon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9227
P.Oxy. L 3596.7

c. 24055

chorion

Etymology: lit. chorion of (the) mother.


Note: the above document mentions a pottery (kerameion) situated
[] . This was probably the name of the vineyard of an
estate.

29

See also F. Mitthofs corrections in APF 54.2 (2008) 281.

187

- Metrodorou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10341
P.Oxy. LXX 4781.7, 22

525

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 4781]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 4781]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4781]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 4781]
Editors note: The name was not limited to localities of a single administrative district:
hamlets thus called are attested in the Arsinoite nome, divisions of Heraclides and
Polemon, while there was a Hermopolite (7 n.).

/ N.N.

See s.v. N.N. /

[ - Mikrou [
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5765
PSI III 216.8

534

epoikion

Religion: a priest in the episcopal church of Oxyrhynchus is apparently from this


settlement [PSI 216].
Note: a settlement called tout court ccurs in P.Leid.Inst. 76.2 (VII), but the
provenance of that document is unknown.

188

[ ?] - Milonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5770
P.Oxy. XII 1545.9 ([?])

IV

Uncertain instance: P.Oxy. LV 3813.20 n. (III/IV; )


Taxes and other imposts: supply of meat (probably for military purposes) [P.Oxy. 1545]

- Monimou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2860
P.Stras. VIII 762.12 (] ();
BL VIII 431)
SB XX 14336.14 = P.Oxy. III 633 descr.
P.Oxy. XII 1434.2
P.Wisc. II 39.2
P.Lips. I 115.1
P.Oxy. III 515.2, 5, 7 (BL VIII 236)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4877.2
P.Oxy. LXXII 4878.3
P.Oxy. I 89.5 (BL I 315)
P.Oslo II 43.4
SB XII 11165.3 = P.Oxy. III 623 descr.
SB XII 11166.5 = P.Oxy. III 624 descr.
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.2, 6, 9 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. XLI 2964.13
P.Oxy. XLI 2965.13
P.Oxy. XLI 2966.1213
P.Oxy. III 613 descr.
P.Oxy. XXXI 2591.7
P.Oxy. XXXI 2589.2
P.Oxy. XXXI 2590.2
P.Oxy. III 628.2 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 191f.)
P.Oxy. III 629.2 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 192f.)
P.Oxy. XLV 3242.234
P.Oxy. LXXI 4828.i.2, ii.2
P.Oxy. VI 979.6 (see ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
PSI V 468.5, 8, 28, 29

late I BCE

epoikion

91/2 or 107/8
107/8
119/20
133
134
135
c. 135
140
140/41
143/4
148
c. 152
154
154
154
after 154/5
158/9
159
159
159
159/60
1857
195
II/III
200

epoikion
epoikion
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
epoikion
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
epoikion
epoikion

189

P.Oxy. XIV 1659.21, 29


P.Oxy.Hels. 41.5, 7, 36
P.Hamb. I 19.8 (BL I 193)
P.Oxy. XLV 3244.17
P.Oxy. XII 1413.14
P.Oxy. X 1285.62
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.40, 148
SB XIV 12108.16
P.Oxy. LXVII 4615.7
P.Oxy. XVI 2020.14

21821
223/4
225
228
272
III
III
III/IV
505
c. 56788

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
<epoikion>

ktema
ktema

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; perhaps in the 3rd pagus (see Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 12)
Relative location: in the north-eastern corner of the toparchy, near Sko (Upper
toparchy) [P.Oxy.Hels. 41.7; cf. P.Oxy. 3242 with Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants
11, 128]. Psobthis of the Upper toparchy appears to have been within the administrative
orbit of Monimou [P.Oxy. 1434].
Position in official lists of villages: between Nesla and Senyris [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Sko and Kerkemounis(?) [P.Oxy. 1659], between Nesmimis and Mermertha [P.Oxy.
1659]; between Mermertha and Kerkemounis [SB 12108]
Categories of land: royal [P.Hamb. 19]; catoecic [SB 14336]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Hamb. 19, P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; lentils [PSI 468];
lachanospermon [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; wine [P.Oslo 43]
Associated kleroi: of Ptolemaios [P.Hamb. 19]; of Nikandros and others [SB 14336]
Irrigation: waterwheel (trochos) [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; mechane [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; canal
(dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy.Hels. 41, PSI 468]; public granary
[P.Wisc. 39]; vineyard with heliasterion and winepress (lenos) [P.Oslo 43]
Animals: oxen (ktene) [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; fish [P.Oxy. 3244]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Lips. 115, P.Oxy. 515, 613, 6289, 258991, 29646, 48789,
P.Stras. 762, P.Wisc. 39, SB 111656, P.CtYBR inv. 4625; probably also P.Oxy. 89];
komogrammateus (of Monimou and other villages) [P.Oxy. 1434]
Occupations: fishermen [P.Oxy. 3244]; enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4615]

190

Noteworthy landowners: lands of Gaius Iulius Theon bequeathed to the temple of Isis in
Taposiris [P.Oxy. 1434]; Aurelius Dionysotheon, ex-gymnasiarchos and bouleutes
[P.Hamb. 19, P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; Aurelius Diogenes son of Sarapion, ex-gymnasiarchos
[P.Hamb. 19]; Dionysia daughter of Sarapias alias Thamounion, citizen of Antinoopolis
[P.Oxy. 3242]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 4615]; domus divina [P.Oxy. 2020]
Taxes and other imposts: abatements of taxes (kouphoteleia) [P.Oxy. 1434]; naubion
[P.Oxy. 1434.26]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; arkarika [P.Oxy. 2020]

( ) - Mouch( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1395
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.103

21821

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy (and therefore probably or


; cf. the editors note ad loc. and BL III 139)

, - Moucheos, Megalou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5669
P.Mich. XV 734.8
SB XVI 12484.7, 10, [20], [22?] = P.Oxy. VI 996
PSI VIII 954.42
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.27 (BL VIII 255)

572
584
VI
VI

epoikion
epoikion

Delendum: P.Stras. VIII 762.12 (I BCE); see BL VIII 431.


Etymology: from mj the storehouse, depot + great (Vandorpe, Egyptische
geografische elementen 11415, 117); cf. also the Demotic writings for of the
Arsinoite nome in http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1396.
Relative location: perhaps near Eutychiados [SB 12484]; cf. Hickey, A Public House
but Closed 269 n. 39, for a proposed localisation in the territory of the former Lower
toparchy.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Mich. 734, PSI 954]

191

Occupations: phrontistes [SB 12484]; georgoi [PSI 954 (koinon), SB 12484


(enapographoi)]; ampelourgoi [PSI 954 (koinon)]; phrontistes (who is also an
enapographos georgos) [SB 12484]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2207, PSI 954, SB 12484]

- Mouchinaxap
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5817
P.Rain.Cent. 43.5
P.Oxy. II 344 descr. (see ZPE 170 (2009) 167)
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.18, 24 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
PSI VII 739.6
SB XXVI 16570.22 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.79 (BL I 334)
SB XIV 11604.45
SB XIV 12181.i.7, 14, ii.21 (() ())
SB XIV 12108.18
P.Oxy. LXI 4129.10, 4130.11
P.Oxy. VII 1052.4, 14, 23 (BL I 331)

236 BCE
late I
c. 152
163
290
III
III
III
III/IV
358
after 362

kome

Etymology: Mj-n + Persian(?) personal name , the storehouse of Axapes


(Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 116).
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy (see also below under Relative location);
3rd pagus
Relative location: in PSI 739 a man from Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) takes
under lease land in Mouchinaxap, the rent for which he is required to pay in the
threshing floor of Seryphis; the two villages must have been close to one another. In SB
11604, a man from Mouchinaxap takes under lease land in Korobis.
P.Rain.Cent. 43 specifies that Mouchinaxap is in the western part
. The editor takes this phrase to designate the Eastern toparchy (later called
) and comments: Eine Erklrung dafr, da das Dorf Muchinaxap zu
verschiedenen Zeiten verschiedenen Toparchien zuzugehren scheint, knnte man
darin sehen, da das Dorf im Grenzgebiet der stlichen und westlichen Toparchien
gelegen war und bei einer eventuellen Vernderung der Toparchiengrenzen zur
westlichen Toparchie gekommen ist (35 n.).
Position in official lists of villages: between Senekeleu and Syron, Seryphis and
Kerkethyris, Senekeleu and Kerkethyris [P.Oxy. 1052]; between Senao and Senekeleu

192

[P.Oxy. 1285]; last after Senao [SB 16570]; between Kerkemounis and Kerkethyris [SB
12108]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 344 (cf. also 245 []
[ )]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 739]; balsam, wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]
Associated kleroi: of Theodotos and Drimakos [P.Oxy. 344]
Irrigation: public dikes (demosia chomata) [P.Oxy. 412930]; canal (dioryx) of
Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: granary [P.Rain.Cent. 43]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 412930]; ekboleis (directors of work on the public dikes)
[P.Oxy. 412930]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Mouchinaryo
Etymology: perhaps a shortened form of = *Mj-n-r-w, the
storehouse of Haryothes (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 116).
1) Lower toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1395
P.Hib. I 92.8 ()
P.Hib. I 132 descr.
P.Hib. I 53.19, 21, 22
SB VI 9617.3
P.Oxy. X 1285.[44], 137

264 BCE
c. 255 BCE
246 BCE
129
III

Relative location: near Tholthis of the Lower toparchy, with which it shared a
komogrammateus [SB 9617; cf. also P.Hib. 53]
Position in official lists of villages: between Sesphtha and Isieion Tryphonos [P.Oxy.
1285]

193

Cultures/agricultural products: arakos [P.Hib. 53]; barley [SB 9617]; chortos [SB 9617];
radish(?)-oil [SB 9617]; achyron [SB 9617]; grapes [SB 9617]
Animals: pigs [SB 9617]; sheep [SB 9617]
Officials: phylakites [P.Hib. 53]; komogrammateus (of Tholthis as well) [SB 9617]
2) Thmoisepho toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10221
P.Oxy. LXXVII 5109.ii.34, 25, 34 () 162/3
P.Stras. IV 220r.1
early III

<kome>

Cultures/agricultural products: barley [P.Oxy. 5109]


Associated kleroi: of Philon son of Philostratos [P.Stras. 220]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 5109]
3) Uncertain toparchy:
P.Diog. 46.9

156/179/211

Note: in this account Mouchinaryo is named after the epoikion Sarapionos Chairemonos
(Eastern toparchy).

- Mouchintale
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2861
SB XXVI 16570.86 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XLIV 3184(a).9
P.Oxy. XII 1529.10 (BL I 336)
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.55
P.CtYBR inv. 1366(A).3 (= ZPE 153 (2005) 169)
(() )
P.Khalili I 1.15 = II 2 (() )30

290
296
III
III/IV
624
VIII

kome

chorion

Delendum: SB VIII 9833.4 = P.Corn. I 45 (299); see BL XI 210.


30

See Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 12832.

194

Etymology/form: The formation implied by P.Khalili I 1 (and now


P.CtYBR inv. 1366) might well be the original: villages called are attested in
various parts of Egypt, and we know a Heracleopolite village () (modern Tal),
which was very close to the Oxyrhynchite border (Koites) (Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 130).
Perhaps *Mj-n-, the storehouse of the hill(?) (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische
elementen 117).
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy
Arabic/modern counterpart: M Dal [P.Khalili I 1], not locatable on modern maps of
Egypt.
Relative location: P.Oxy. 3184(a) mentions a river-guard of our boundaries, suggesting
that the village was close to the Bahr Yusuf (the Lower toparchy did not have a Nile
frontage).
Position in official lists of villages: between Takona and Assya [P.Oxy. 1529]; between
Tychinphagon and Isieion Tryphonos(?) [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Tholthis and
Tychinphagon [SB 16570]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]
Religion: distribution of alms (zakat) to the poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 3184(a)]; overseer of the peace (epistates eirenes) [P.Oxy.
3184(a)]; field-guard (pediophylax) [P.Oxy. 3184(a)]; river-guard (potamophylax)
[P.Oxy. 3184(a)]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]; tax for the maintenance of
public dikes [P.CtYBR inv. 1366 (A)]

- Mouchinor
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5822
SB XX 14409.xv.12 = P.Oxy. VI 985 descr.
P.Oxy. III 491.3
P.Rein. II 93.11 ([])
P.Oxy. VIII 1127.7 ()

c. 106(?)
126
after 159/60
183

kome
kome

195

Etymology: *Mj-n-r, the storehouse of Horus (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische


elementen 117).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [implied by the heliasterion in SB 14409]
Animals: pigeons [P.Oxy. 1127]
Religion: temple of Thoeris, Isis, Sarapis and other gods (the pastophoros of the temple
is from Oxyrhynchus) [P.Oxy. 491]; a hierotekton of the same gods from Oxyrhynchus
also owns property in the village [P.Rein. 93]
Topographical features: heliasterion [SB 14409]; house containing upper room and
dovecote with wooden ladder [P.Oxy. 1127]; house with courtyard (aule) [P.Rein. 93];
house and vacant lots (psiloi topoi) adjoining a large paradeisos [P.Rein. 93]
Occupations: ergates (charged with guarding the wine in the heliasterion) [SB 14409]
Note: the village may be identical to one of the villages called (see above
s.v.); see P. Pruneti, Aeg. 59 (1979) 110.

- Mouchis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5823
P.Oxy. IV 784 descr.
P.Oxy. XLII 3013 verso (see introd.)
P.Oxy. XIV 1674.18
P.Mich. XX 809.35
SB XIV 11601.3
P.Oxy. X 1342 descr.
P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16
SB I 1968 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1855.3

I BCE
II/III?
III
372
489
V
565/66
VI
VI
VI/VII

kome
kome

kome (5, etc.)

Uncertain instance:
SB XXII 15491.3 = P.Lond. III 875a31

31

The Oxyrhynchite provenance of the document is not certain.

196

Etymology: from mj, the storehouse, depot (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische


elementen 11415, 117); cf. also the Demotic writings for of the Arsinoite nome
in http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1396.
Administrative subdivision: 5th pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Goma et al., Mittelgypten 94, propose an identification
with Dimuwiya, but on the incorrect assumption that Heracleopolite and Oxyrhynchite
Mouchis were one and the same village (see Note below). Dimuwiya is almost on the
same latitude as Herakleopolis = Ihnasiya al-Madina and therefore too far north to have
ever been in the Oxyrhynchite nome.
Cultures/agricultural products: barley [SB 15491]
Animals: pigs (it is unclear whether they belong to Mouchis) [SB 15491]
Religion: priests(?) (hiereis) [P.Oxy. 784]
Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 1855]; sitologoi [P.Mich. 809]
Occupations: potamitai [P.Oxy. 1674(?)]; nailsmith (helokopos) [P.Oxy. 2480]; estate
pronoetes [SB 15491 (Makarios)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1855, 2018, 2480]; Agenios geouchos [SB
15491]
Note: contra Pruneti, I centri 11011 s.v., this village cannot be identified with its
homonymous Heracleopolite counterpart, since the latter was in the Tekmi toparchy,
which did not adjoin the Oxyrhynchite nome (see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome
1323 s.v.). The recent information provided by P.Mich. XX 809.35 that Oxyrhynchite
Mouchis was in the 5th pagus (i.e. in what would have been the Eastern toparchy before
307/8) now decisively establishes that the two villages were distinct. See also above
under Arabic/modern counterpart.

- Myrmekos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5837
SB I 1945.14 ((); BL VI 126)
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.67, 70, 74 ()
P.Oxy. VIII 1165.9 ()

V/VI
528/543/558
VI

chorion(?)
epoikion

197

P.Khalili I 1.4 = II 2 (() ())32

VIII

chorion

Etymology: commenting on P.Khalili I 1, Gonis states that evidently, the settlement was
named after a called (CE 75 (2000) 129; the personal name
is also attested now in P.Oxy. LXXIV 5000.2 [1669]).
Arabic/modern counterpart: Idminaf [P.Khalili I 1], not locatable on modern maps of
Egypt.
Relative location: very probably in the territory of the former Lower toparchy (see
Gonis, loc. cit. 130).
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244]
Religion: distribution of alms (zakat) to the poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2244]
Other: paraphylake [P.Oxy. 1165]

** - Myrtou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5839
P.Oxy. XVI 2043.6 ([](?))
SB I 1973.17

V
?

chorion
chorion

Etymology: chorion of myrtle or of Myrtos/Myrtes (personal name).


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2043]

- Mytron
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5842
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3428.5

32

IV

<epoikion/ktema>

See Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 12832, esp. 128 and 12930.

198

Occupations: agent (pragmateutes) [P.Oxy. 3428]

- Moa
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5843
P.Oxy. VI 907.24

276

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 907]; wine [P.Oxy. 907]


Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Hermogenes alias Eudaimon, exegetes and prytanis
[P.Oxy. 907]

* - Motis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9535
PSI XII 1228.5, 9, 43 (BL III 229)
P.Oxy. LV 3784.3, 4

188
227/8 or 281/2

Note: it appears that this place was in the Small Oasis rather than the Oxyrhynchite
nome proper, but it should not be identified with (Great Oasis); see P.Oxy.
3784.3 n.

199


[ ]

See ZPE 170 (2009) 187 on P.Kln III 141.10 and cf.
below s.v.

[ ] [ - N[...].[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6992
SB XIV 12130.31

V/VI

Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]

( ) - Naail( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5849
P.Oxy. XII 1448.14

after 324

Administrative subdivision: probably in the 8th pagus (see P.Oxy. 1448 introd.)
Editors note ad loc.: or is possible in place of .

- Naoueos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11755
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5002.2

I/II

kome

Officials: archephodos [P.Oxy. 5002]; nomophylax [P.Oxy. 5002]

200

- Narkissou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5863
P.Oxy. L 3582.3
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.216

442
VI

epoikion
ktema

Etymology: probably < Greek personal name .


Religion: priest [P.Oxy. 2197]
Occupations: georgoi and hydroparochoi [P.Oxy. 3582]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197]; estate of Arkadia, daughter of the
emperor Arkadios [P.Oxy. 3582]

* - Nebo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5883
P.Oxy. XII 1438.16
P.Stras. V 375.11 (BL VIII 419)

late II
late II

<kome>

Officials: komogrammateus [P.Stras. 375]


Taxes and other imposts: a number of capital taxes (epikephalia) are levied on this
village (laographia = poll-tax; possibly desmophylakia = prison-guards tax; six-drachma
tax on asses = hexadrachmia onon; epistol(ikon)[?]; chomatikon = embankments-tax)
[P.Oxy. 1438]
Note: the provenance of both documents is uncertain (cf. the editors introductions).

| [ - Neik.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5891
PSI I 53.94

after 132

<kome>

201

- Neilou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5896
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr.

IV

epoikion

Etymology: hamlet of (personal name) or of (the) Nile.


Administrative subdivision: 7th pagus(?); see P.Oxy. LV 3795.12 n.

See s.v. (?) (Note)

- Nek...in
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5900
P.Kln III 163.7

III

Editors note ad loc.: Palographisch ist oder am plausibelsten ...


( aus dem Oxyrhynchites ist erst ab dem 6. Jahrh. n. Chr. belegt).

(?) - Nekle(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5901
P.Oxy. IV 742.17

2 BCE

Note: Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1 = BL VIII 237, notes that la lettura non certa; tra laltro,
in base a un controllo sulloriginale, potrebbe anche essere (Manfredi).

202

- Nekonthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5905
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.4
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.15, introd.
P.Oxy. LV 3805.76
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.20, 54, 87, 94, 97, 104, 160,
184, 187, 190
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Iand. II 25.4 (see ZPE 156 (2006) 167)
P.Oxy. LVIII 3950.8 ([)

528/543/558
after 547
after 566
576/7?
late VI
VI/VII
610

epoikion
epoikion(?)
epoikion/ktema

epoikion

Uncertain instance: see above s.v.


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Aroures, Kainon, Tancheo,
Sypheos, Amokos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the northern part
of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza, Larchivio degli
Apioni 989.
Categories of land: demosiai arourai [P.Oxy. 2195.97]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2195]; wine [P.Oxy. 3805.76; cf. also
Hickey, A Public House but Closed 26970]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2195.37 ([] ; cf. 174), 162 (), 163
(), 164 (), 165 ( ), 166 (), 167 (), 168
(()()), 2244 ()]
Topographical features: bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 2195.33]; oil-press (elaiourgeion)
[P.Oxy. 2195.35, 173]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2195.87, 187]; priest [P.Oxy. 2195.168]; church lector
(anagnostes) [P.Oxy. 2195.183]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916 (Anoup), 2195 (Philoxenos)]; georgoi
[P.Oxy. 2195.33, 34, 37, 171 etc., 2244]; oil-maker (elaiourgos) [P.Oxy. 2195.35, 173];
brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2195.94, 190]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2195.168]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 1916, 2195, 2244, 3805, 3950]
Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 2195.34, 175]

203

/ - Nemera/Nemeron
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2862
P.Oxy. IV 797v descr.
P.Ross.Georg. II 13.7
P.Kln III 141.10 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 187)
P.Oxy. XLI 2972.2, 9, 16
P.Oxy. LXVI 4532.[4], 6
P.Oxy. II 299.4
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5001.1
P.Oxy. XLI 2960.12, 24
P.Oxy. III 484.6 ( [])
P.Leit. 1.4, 13 = SB VIII 10192
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.53
P.Oxy. LXVII 4589.19
P.Oxy. I 76.12 (), 17 ()
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.6 (())33
P.Oxy. LI 3642.11
P.Stras. IV 173.4 (BL V 136)
P.Tebt. II 423.11 ( )
P.Oxy. LXI 4115.1
P.Oxy. LXXII 4890.10 interlin.
P.Col. X 276.6
P.Oxy. XII 1525.3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4891.5
P.Oxy. XII 1549.23
P.Oxy. XLII 3049B.13 ( ) , 16,
18, 20
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.11
P.Oxy. X 1285.112
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.[17], 29, 85, 200
PSI VIII 970.5
PSI XII 1252.12
PSI Congr. XVII 26.8
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.9 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)

I BCE
5468
57/8
72?
85
late I
I/II
100
138
c. 160
165
173/4
179
188
II
II?
early III
early III
211
c. 21225
216
222
240
247
2536
III
III
III?
III
III
III

kome (5)
kome
kome

kome

kome
<kome>

[topoi]
<kome> (8)
kome
kome

Form: On the declension of the toponym, see S. Daris, ZPE 180 (2012) 2646.

33

On line 21 see now ZPE 170 (2009) 189.

204

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; R. S. Bagnall, Tyche 6 (1991) 3743,


suggests that the village may have been transferred to the Cynopolite nome in the fourth
century.
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1112 an acacia tree (Middle toparchy) is
designated by the komogrammateus of Nemera for purchase, and in P.Oxy. 1549 a
declaration of uninundated land around Peenno is addressed to the village scribe of
Nemera and other villages; the two villages must have been close neighbours. In P.Oxy.
3049B some officials(?) in Nemera are supposed to hand over wheat to the ships
captains who shall be sent for it, suggesting that the village was relatively close to (but
not necessarily on) the Nile or the Bahr Yusuf.
In P.Leit. 1 nominees for a liturgy in Nemera are from Pamis, suggesting to the
editor that the latter lay within the komogrammateia of Nemera. Pamis is thought to be
a graphic variant of either Paomis (Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus) or Paeimis
(Western toparchy; 4th pagus); see below s.v. . The implication would be that
Nemera was near the border between the Middle and Western toparchies or that
between the Middle and Thmoisepho toparchies. (In the same document two other
nominees are from Tholthis of the Lower toparchy, but, unlike those from Pamis, they
are explicitly said to reside in Nemera.)
Position in official lists of villages: between Plelo and Takolkeilis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Pakerke + Senopotheos and Kerkeura [PSI Congr. XVII 26]; last after Tholthis
[Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: hypologos [P.Kln 141]; confiscated [P.Kln 141]; former vineland
(chersos) [P.Kln 141]; royal [P.Oxy. 4891 (surmised from the tax rate; see introd.)]
Cultures/agricultural products: sycamore trees [P.Col. 276]; phyta [P.Col. 276]; acacia
trees [P.Oxy. 1112]; wheat [P.Oxy. 4891]; cheese [P.Stras. 173]; barley [PSI Congr. XVII
26]; wine [PSI 1252]; chortos [P.Tebt. 423]
Associated kleroi: of Alexandros [P.Oxy 4891]; kleros called Tmo [P.Col. 276]
Irrigation: dike (choma) formerly belonging to Saras son of Amos [P.Oxy. 1112];
waterwheel (kykleuterion) [P.Col. 276]
Topographical features: oikopeda [P.Leit. 1]; a house in the northern part of the village,
with exedra, two upper chambers, a symposium and a bedroom [P.Oxy. 76]; a partially
collapsed house with lands to the east called of the veranda(?) (pronesiou) [P.Oxy.
2972]; public granary [P.Oxy. 2960]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns)
[P.Oxy. 3109]; sheep and lambs [P.Ross.Georg. II 13]

205

Officials: presbyteroi [P.Leit. 1]; prostates [P.Oxy. 299]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 797,
1112, 1539 ( )]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 1525, 4589]; dekaprotos [P.Oxy.
3049]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3109]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 4115, 5001]
Occupations: donkey-drivers [P.Oxy. 2182]; georgos [P.Oxy. 5001]; shepherd
[P.Ross.Georg. II 13]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Col. 276]
Taxes and other imposts: poll-tax (laographia) [P.Ross.Georg. II 13 (implied)]
Note: in P.Oxy. 484 and 4532 persons from Sesphtha of the Lower toparchy live in
Nemera. In P.Leit. 1 two men from Tholthis of the Lower toparchy live in Nemera. In
P.Tebt. 423 the local manager of an estate in the Arsinoite nome (probably around the
village of Tebtynis) had been ordered by the landowner to go to Nemera to purchase
fodder (chortos).

- Nemesionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11697
P.Oxy. XII 1448.15

after 324

chorion

Uncertain instance: P.Erl. 140 descr. (Rest einer Rechnung aus byz. Zeit. Darin
Dorfnamen [, [).
Etymology: < Greek personal name .
Administrative subdivision: probably 8th pagus (see P.Oxy. 1448 introd.)
Relative location: named with Serenou in P.Oxy. 1448 (
; also occurs elsewhere on its own, see below s.v.).
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

- Neon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5922

206

P.Oxy. XVI 2032.44


P.Oxy. LV 3805.50
P.Oxy. XVI 1988.13, 36 (see P.Oxy. LXX p. 137)
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.9
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.5
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.188, 193, 1949, 204
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.3
P.Heid. III 248.4 (BL VII 67)

540/41
after 566
587
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI/VII

ktema
epoikion
ktema
ktema
epoikion

Etymology: New Hamlet.


Relative location: near Skeuomisthiou [P.Heid. 248]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2044]; achyron [P.Oxy. 3805]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 1988 (called ), 2197.193ff. (various)]; krene
[P.Oxy. 2197.193]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197.195ff.]
Animals: ktene [P.Heid. 248]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2197.194]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Heid. 248, P.Oxy. 1988]; georgos [P.Oxy.
2197.194ff.]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032 (Paulos), 2034 (name not preserved)];
ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 2197]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1988, 2032, 2034, 2044, 2197, 2207, 3805]
Note: see also below s.v. ( ) with Note.

- Neophyton
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2863
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2778.11
P.Oxy. X 1286 introd.
P.Sorb. I 60.4
SB I 1945.15
P.Oxy. LVII 3914.6
P.Bibl.Univ.Giss. inv. 78 fr. 2.4
(see BASP 48 (2011) 111)
SB I 1973.20

II/III
III?
431/2 or 446/7
V/VI
519
591/2 or later
?

ktema
chorion(?)
epoikion/ktema
epoikion
chorion

207

Etymology: New Plantation.


Relative location: the ergodioktes of Neophyton in P.Oxy. 3914 also doubles as that of
Anousias, suggesting proximity between the two villages.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1286 introd.]; wheat [P.Sorb. 60]
Occupations: ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 3914]; estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3914 (Aurelius
Menas)]
Noteworthy landowners: Flavia Anastasia, femina gloriosissima [P.Bibl.Univ.Giss. inv.
78; cf. below]
Other: P.Oxy. 2778 mentions the anticipated transport of 30,000 bricks from an
uncertain locality to the gates (thyra) of Neophyton.
Note: given the commonality of the toponym it is unlikely that all of the
above instances relate to the same place.

- Neophyton Antiochou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10349
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4702.7

520

epoikion

Etymology: New Plantation of Antiochus.

- Neophyton Banou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5930
P.Select. 20 .3, 28 ( )

592

epoikion

Etymology: New Plantation of Banes/Banos.


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Select. 20]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Select. 20]

208

Occupations: enapographoi georgoi [P.Select. 20]


Noteworthy landowners: Flavia Anastasia, femina gloriosissima [P.Select. 20 (according
to a private communication by T. M. Hickey)]

- Neophyton Sarapionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11684
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4964.78

IV

epoikion

Etymology: New Plantation of Sarapion.


Occupations: ergatai (requisitioned for work in Alexandria) [P.Oxy. 4964]

- Neophyton tou Charitos


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11685
P.CtYBR inv. 500 qua.20, 46 (Tyche 21 (2006) 24) 599

epoikion

Etymology: New Plantation of Charis.


Cultures/agricultural products: lachanospermon [P.CtYBR inv. 500 qua]
Religion: priest [P.CtYBR inv. 500 qua]

( ) - Nep( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5931
P.Princ. III 158.11

VI

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Princ. 158]


Editors note ad loc.: Possibly read , but not ()().

209

- Nesla
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5936
P.Oxy. II 279.9 = W.Chr. 348
P.NYU II 15.5
SB X 10532.10, 24 = P.Princ. III 147(BL VI 169)
P.Oxy. IV 713.24, 31 = M.Chr. 314
P.Sijp. 56.7
PSI VII 772.7
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.13, 22 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. III 622.12 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 190)
P.Oxy. XIV 1687.8
P.IFAO III 15.10
SB XX 14464.8
P.Oxy. XLII 3013 introd.
SB XII 11034.1
P.Oxy. X 1285.61
PSI VIII 945.21
PSI III 187.8
SB X 10216.8
P.Oxy. I 103.8
P.Oxy. XLV 3257.7
PSI V 469.9

44/5
67/8
87/8
97
I
98117
c. 152
161
184/5
II?
II
II/III?
II/III
III
III
late III
III/IV
316
318
334

Uncertain instance: in PSI VIII 942.15 (90), the editor restores |[ ?],
commenting that meno bene si adatta allo spazio ]; but the latter possibility
cannot be firmly discounted. The papyrus mentions a kleros of of Eudoxos(?).
Etymology: N-r.w, The cultivated land (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen
199).
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy
Relative location: near Isieion Panga (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) [P.Oxy. 103, 3257, PSI
187, 469, SB 10216; in PSI 772 a man from Isieion Panga takes under lease land in Nesla;
cf. also P.Oxy. 1687]. In SB 10532 a man from Syron (Western toparchy, which borders
the Upper toparchy) takes under lease land in Nesla. In SB 14464 a man from
Oxyrhynchus is the lessee of land in Nesla (cf. also SB 10216).
Position in official lists of villages: between Xenarchou and Monimou [P.Oxy. 1285]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 279, 1687]; catoecic [P.NYU II 15, PSI 942(?)]

210

Cultures/agricultural products: flax [P.Oxy. 103, 3257, PSI 469]; wheat [P.Oxy. 279];
chlora [P.Oxy. 279]; chortos [P.Oxy. 1687(?), SB 10216]; barley [P.Oxy. 1687]; radish [SB
10532]
Associated kleroi: of N.N. [P.NYU II 15.5]; see also under Uncertain instance above.
Irrigation: irrigation basin (perichoma) [P.Oxy. 103, 3257, PSI 187, 469, SB 10216]; dike
(choma) [SB 10216]
Topographical features: threshing floor [SB 10532]
Officials: archephodos [SB 11034]
Note: the plot of royal land in P.Oxy. 279 is said to be (10). The
royal land in P.Oxy. 1687 is called (pasture of goats). See also s.v.
and s.v. (?) (under Note).

() - Nesmimis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2864
P.Hib. II 248 fr. ii.13
P.NYU II 12.13 ( )
SB XX 14095.ii.16 = P.Oxy. II 357 descr.
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.21 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 189)
SB XIV 12090.6
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2782.3
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.11, 28
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2721.4
P.Oxy. XLIII 3132.6, 33
P.Oxy. XVII 2123.5
P.Oxy. XLIV 3179.4
P.Oxy. XLVI 3292.5, 10
P.Oxy. XII 1413.16
SB VIII 9829.6 (BL VIII 355; cf. ZPE 170
(2009) 190)
SB XXVI 16570.1 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.57
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170 introd.
P.Oxy. LXVII 4586.3, 9
PSI III 213.2
PSI VIII 945.24

c. 250 BCE
20/21
late I
188
II/III
after 217
21821
234
237
247/8
248/9
c. 25964
272
after 272
290
III
III
III
III
III

<kome>

kome
topoi
kome
kome
kome

kome

211

P.Oxy. LXI 4116.2


P.Oxy. LV 3795.20
P.Oxy. L 3575 .7, 10
P.Oxy. LX 4090.7, 89
P.Col. VIII 238.33 ()
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3420.12
P.Oxy. VIII 1134.7, 1415
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.16 ()
SB XVIII 13947.4, verso
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.47, 85
P.Lund inv. 48.4 (BASP 46 (2009) 35)
P.Oxy. LV 3805.108
P.Oxy. VII 1053.21
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.9

III/IV
early IV
341
352
IV
IV
421
late V
507
540/41
544
after 566
VI/VII
VII/VIII

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

chorion

Uncertain instances: P.Giss. 121.10 (535) [] | . The provenance of the


document is unknown; see ZPE 170 (2009) 186. P.CtYBR inv. 1257.6 (IV/V); see ZPE
172 (2010) 1812 with n. ad loc. (spacing favours restoring ] rather than
]). P.Oxy. III 619.15 (c. 147); see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f. with n. ad loc.
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 1st pagus
Relative location: SB 12090, mentioning a Hermopolite plot near or in the direction of
Nesmimis (see K. G. Mnzner and H. G. Westermann, ZPE 23 (1976) 17980),
suggests that the village lay near the border with the Hermopolite nome. Near Netneou
[P.Oxy. 2032, 3805]. In P.Oxy. 1112 the elders of Nesmimis designate for purchase
acacia trees on the embankment of Enteiis and Thosbis, suggesting that these villages
of the Upper toparchy lay close to one another (see ZPE 170 (2009) 189). Possibly by the
Bahr Yusuf or the Nile [PSI 213]. A kalathephoros (see below under Religion) from
Nesmimis is asked to go to the temple of Demeter in Sinkepha (Upper toparchy; 2nd
pagus) and make sacrifices there [P.Oxy. 2782].
Position in official lists of villages: between Isieion Panga and Athychis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between an uncertain village and Chysis [P.Oxy. 1659.11], between Basil and
Monimou [P.Oxy. 1659.28]
Cultures/agricultural products: olive-oil [P.Hib. 248]; wheat [P.Col. 238, SB 13947];
chortos [P.Col. 238]; barley [P.Col. 238, SB 13947]
Topographical features: oikopeda [P.Oxy. 4090]; vacant lot (psilos topos) in the
southeastern part of the village [P.Oxy. 4586]; public road [P.Oxy. 4586]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2721.25, 34, SB 9829]; pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]; goats
[SB 14095]

212

Religion: four-day festival starting on 11 Hathyr, involving musical entertainment


[P.Oxy. 2721]; priestess who bears the basket (kalathephoros) [P.Oxy. 2782]; hierophant
(not necessarily of Nesmimis) [P.Oxy. 2782]; priest and prophetes of Ammon and the
very great gods of the temple in the same Nesmimis [P.Oxy. 3292], priest of Ammon
and the associated very great gods [P.Oxy. 4586]; pagan priest (accused by a priest and
sealer of sacred calves (moschosphragistes) who is not certainly from the same village)
[P.Oxy. 4116]
Officials: village elders (presbyteroi) acting in place of the komogrammateus [P.Oxy.
1112 with ZPE 170 (2009) 189]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 2123, 4116]; prostatai [P.Oxy. 2721];
praktor argyrikon [P.Oxy. 3132]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 4116]; field-guards (pediophylakes)
[PSI 213]
Occupations: pronoetes and dioiketes of an Imperial estate [P.Oxy. 1134]; georgoi
[P.Oxy. 1134]; shepherd [P.NYU II 12]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1053, 2032, 3805]; domus divina [P.Oxy.
1134]
Taxes and other imposts: poll-tax [P.NYU II 12 (implied)]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Note: see also above, s.v. .
Other: P.Oxy. 3292 speaks of an attack upon Nesmimis by the marauding Lybian tribe
of the Goniotai.

- Nesourios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5866
P.Oxy. XVI 1984.7

523

epoikion

Uncertain instance: P.IFAO II 10.22 (I/II) (cf. BL VIII 252)


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1984]

- Netneou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5938

213

P.Oxy. LVI 3874.24 ( )


P.Col. VIII 238.13, 16, 17
PSI III 165.4
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.46, 48
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.83, 210
P.Oxy. LV 3804.155, 236, 261
P.Oxy. LV 3805.108
P.Laur. III 75.13 (BL VIII 1656)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.19
P.Oxy. XVI 2024.19
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.8
SB I 1989(l)

345/6?
IV
441/2
540/41
557
566
after 566
574
VI
late VI
VII/VIII
?

epoikion

chorion
epoikion

Relative location: near Nesmimis [P.Oxy. 2032.47, 3805 (108 n.: This appearance in
association with Nesmimis, known to have lain once in the Upper Toparchy
confirms the evidence that it lay in the extreme south of the nome)]. Netneou shares an
Apionic ergodioktes with Kotyleeiou (itself part of a different Apionic prostasia in the
south of the nome), suggesting that they were close neighbours [P.Oxy. 3804.155]. In
PSI 165 a farmer in Isieion Panga (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) is ordered to disburse
wine to the guards of Kisson (same prostasia as Kotyleeiou) and Netneou, suggesting
proximity between these three localities.
Cultures/agricultural products: barley [P.Col. 238]; flax [P.Laur. 75]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Col. 238]
Topographical features: marshland (limnai) [P.Col. 238]
Occupations: ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 1911.83, 3804.155]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032
(Kyriakos), 3804.236, 261 (Philoxenos)]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3805]; guards (teretai) [PSI
165]; georgoi [P.Col. 238 (koinon)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1911 (cf. l. 210 ),
2024, 2032, 2207, 3804, 3805]
Military: see Note below.
Taxes and other imposts: chrysos bourdonon (tax levied in connection with the
provision or requisitioning of mules for the army) [P.Oxy. 3874]
Note: Netneou is probably to be recognized in the military camp of Nitnu in Notitia
dignitatum or. XXXI 62; see K. A. Worp in Pap.Congr. XX pp. 4667.

214

- Netro
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5941
PSI XII 1262.ii.19, 24 (BL VII 241, VIII 409)
P.Oxy. XLIX 3491.11
P.Mert. I 23.6
P.Oxy. VII 1044.i.17, 22 (BL VII 134)

137
157/8
late II
234/5?

kome

Administrative subdivision: probably in the Thmoisepho toparchy given its apparent


proximity to Palosis.
Relative location: in the same sitologia as Palosis (Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus) [PSI
1262; cf. also P.Mert. 23, where both villages are mentioned]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 1044]; monartabos [P.Oxy. 1044]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 1262]
Officials: sitologoi (of Palosis) [PSI 1262]
Associated kleroi: of Philon [P.Oxy. 3491]; of Bacchyl( ) and Karabos [P.Oxy. 3491]
Note: the editors of P.NYU II 16 (I BCE/I CE) suggest restoring ] in line 9 ([
] []; see n. ad loc.), but this restoration is excluded if the village
belonged to the Thmoisepho toparchy (see above and cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 188).

- Nesos
N.B.: J. D. Thomas, P.Oxy. 4773.8 n., argues that the ktema Nesos in P.Mich. 792 cannot
be identical to that of P.Oxy. 4773 because the lessor in P.Mich. 792 is Aurelia Herais,
whereas the homonymous ktema of P.Oxy. 4773 belongs to Claudia Isidora alias Apia.
Cf. also P.Mich. 792.89 n.: Vineyard and orchard properties were often named
Nesos, or Islandno doubt, in part, because they were situated on higher ground, so
that, during the inundation of the Nile, such properties gave the appearance of being
like islands, standing, as they did, above the floor fields (on the use of to indicate
land formed by fluvial deposits, see further Drew-Bear, Le Nome hermopolite 43,
Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 34.). At
any rate, it is unclear whether the places called in 2) and 3) were actually hamlets
or simply viticultural sites.

215

1) P.Mert. I 27.15 (BL VIII 207)

after 191/2

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=12968
Religion: temple of Sarapis [P.Mert. 27]; lychnapsia (feast of lanterns) [P.Mert. 27]
2) P.Oxy. LXX 4773.2 (), 4, 8,
16 ((?) ) 34

220/21 or 224

ktema

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1033
Cultures/agricultural products: wine(?) [P.Oxy. 4773 (see 4 n.)]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 4773]; hydroparochos [P.Oxy. 4773]; ampelourgos(?)
[P.Oxy. 4773.16 n.]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Oxy. 4773]
3) P.Mich. XVIII 792.9

221

ktema

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10351
Relative location: the ktema is said to be [][] (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus)
[P.Mich. 792 with BL XII 126]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Mich. 792]
Irrigation: irrigation work [P.Mich. 792]
Animals: oxen (boka ktene) [P.Mich. 792]

[ - Nesos [
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9953
SB XIV 11908.15

34

c. 260

ktema

8 n.: It would be somewhat strange if the men [i.e. the hydroparochoi of lines 4 and 8] were said to be

working in the of , whereas the is in charge of the without


further qualification, which is clearly a larger area than the .

216

Etymology: indicates that the land was formed by fluvial deposits; see Drew-Bear,
Le Nome hermopolite 43, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 34 (with further references).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [SB 11908]
Occupations: ampelourgos [SB 11908]

See s.v. ,

See s.v. ,

See s.v. ,

See s.v. ( ) under Note

See s.v. ,

* - Neson
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3045
P.Oxy. LIX 4004.10 ( )
P.Oxy. XVI 1997.2
SB I 1967

V
VI
VI

<kome>
kome

217

Etymology: indicates that the land was formed by fluvial deposits; see Drew-Bear,
Le Nome hermopolite 43, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 34 (with further references).
Topographical features: all of the above papyri state or imply that Neson was a harbour
on the Nile.
Note: a village named is also attested in the Nepheros archive of the fourth
century as a village of the Heracleopolite Nome; see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome
14042 s.v. Although none of these attestations identifies the village as a harbour (its
proximity to the Nile is evident, however; cf. P.Neph. p. 12), Falivene plausibly equates
it with the Neson mentioned in the above-listed papyri from Oxyrhynchus.

/ - Nigeros/Nigrou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5977
P.Oxy. XLIX 3488.45 ()
P.Oxy. X 1285.53 ()
PSI VIII 945.20 ()
P.Oxy. XII 1426.7, 18 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.9, 10, 11, 12, 23, 25, 32 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1841.2 ()

70/71
III
III
332
late V
VI

epoikion

kome
epoikion

Etymology/form: and have been traditionally considered to be distinct


toponyms, but both are in fact variant genitive forms of the Latin name Niger and are
therefore likely to be alternative designations of the same place; cf. Gignac, Grammar II
24.
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus
Relative location: probably near Sadalou (Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus), since in P.Oxy.
1426 the komarchai of both villages act in consort. In P.Oxy. 3488 the lessee of land in
Thmoithothis (Upper toparchy) is required to pay rent in the threshing floor of Nigrou,
suggesting proximity between the two villages.
Position in official lists of villages: between Thosbis and Mermertha [P.Oxy. 1285]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 3488]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2036.32]

218

Officials: komarches [P.Oxy. 1426]


Occupations: ergates (dispatched to work on Trajans Canal) [P.Oxy. 1426]

- Nikaronos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5994
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.29
SB I 1973.8 (( ))

VI/VII
?

epoikion
chorion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025]

See s.v. /

- Nikes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5997
P.Herm. 77
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.8 ()
SB I 1945.16
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.14, 16
SB XII 11231.2, 26 = P.Oxy. XVI 1986 descr.
P.Iand. III 51.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.10
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.13
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.22
P.Oxy. LVIII 3952.61
P.Lond. V 1808.1, 2 (BL XI 121)

V
V/VI
V/VI
528/543/558
549
VI
VI
VI
late VI
610
VII

epoikion
chorion(?)
ktema
ktema

Etymology: < Greek female personal name or noun victory.

219

Relative location: perhaps part of the same Apionic prostasia as Ptolema, Tantape and
Serenou [P.Oxy. 3952]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Herm. 77]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244.14 (called [ ]), 16 (called ),
SB 11231 (called ), P.Lond. 1808 (called )]; irrigation work [P.Lond.
1808]
Officials: meizon(?) [P.Lond. 1808]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2034 (name not preserved), 3952
(Phoibammon), P.Herm. 77 (Apollos), P.Lond. 1808 (Apollos [different from
preceding])]; georgoi [P.Lond. 1808, P.Oxy. 2244, SB 11231 (enapographoi)]; potamitai
[P.Lond. 1808]; ergatai [P.Wash.Univ. 102]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Herm. 77(?), P.Lond. 1808 (see BL
XI 121), P.Oxy. 2034, 2035, 2207, 2244, 3952, P.Wash.Univ. 102, SB 11231]

- Niketou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5998
P.Oxy. XVI 1975.4
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.63
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.31
P.Oxy. LXX 4788.9, 33
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.7

496
528/543/558
540/41
566
late VI
late VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 4788]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244 (called ), 4788 (called )]
Occupations: estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (Ioannes)]; georgos [P.Oxy. 2244, 4788
(enapographos)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 2031, 2032, 2244, 4788]

220

Other: in P.Oxy. 1975 an inhabitant of Niketou owes a debt to an inhabitant of


Kerkeuris (formerly in the Middle toparchy).

- Nikostratou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6013
SB XII 10780.11 = P.Oxy. III 593 descr.
P.Oxy. XII 1459.31

172/3
226

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: probably in the Thmoisepho toparchy (see P.Oxy. 1459.31
n.)
Relative location: near Palosis (Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy. 1459, SB
10780 (cf. verso)]
Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 1459]; monartabos [P.Oxy. 1459 (cf.
BL IX 186)]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [SB 10780]
Associated kleroi: of Ptolemaios and Philippos/Philiskos [P.Oxy. 1459, SB 10780 with
1113 n.]
Note: cf. the kleros of Nikostratos in P.Oxy. VII 1044.11, 14 (234/5?).

- Nokle

See s.v. /

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 146 s.v.


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6035

I list below only the information provided by P.Oxy. XVI 1917 (616/17?).
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1917]; vegetables [P.Oxy. 1917]

221

Topographical features: bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 1917.53, 57]; tannery [P.Oxy.


1917.54, 59]; 100 cells (kellia) [P.Oxy. 1917.56, 58]; small vegetable garden
(kepolachania) [P.Oxy. 1917.55, 60]
Occupations: potter (kouphokerameus) [P.Oxy. 1917.22]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1917]

- Nomographou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6040
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.70
III/IV
P.Oslo II 62.12 (BL III 123; cf. Pruneti, I centri s.v. early IV
n. 1)
P.Hamb. inv. 538.3, 8, 9 (APF 50 (2004) 161)
472
P.Hamb. inv. 547.2 (APF 50 (2004) 164)
473
P.Hamb. inv. 532.4 (APF 50 (2004) 168)
476
SB I 1945.17
V/VI
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.76
before 566
SB I 1973.22
?

epoikion

epoikion

chorion(?)
epoikion

Etymology: hamlet of (the) nome scribe.


Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy? (Cf. P.Oxy. 1747.50)
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oslo 62]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Hamb. inv. 538]
Occupations: builder (oikodomos) [P.Hamb. inv. 538]; carpenter (tekton) [P.Hamb. inv.
538]; estate pronoetes [P.Hamb. inv. 538]; georgos [P.Hamb. inv. 538, 547, 532];
brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Hamb. inv. 547]; paidarion [P.Hamb. inv. 532]
Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Hamb. inv. 532, 538, 547]; Apion estate
[P.Oxy. 1912]

222

- Nomou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2866
P.Harr. I 138.i.3
P.Oxy.Hels. 20.i.[4], 8, ii.12, iii.[6], [17]
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.43
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.51, 52
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.68
P.Turner 41.19
P.Oxy. XLVII 3354.4
SB XXVI 16570.47 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.[10], 101
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.63, 194
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.20
P.Oxy. LV 3795.25
P.Ryl. IV 715.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2037.32

92
139
165
c. 20012
21821
c. 249/50
257
290
III
III
III
early IV
V
late VI

epoikion
epoikion/kome (ii.6)35
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
kome

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 7th pagus
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 3354 two labourers take a vineyard under lease in Senepta
(Middle toparchy) and in P.Harr. 138 persons from Nomou purchase property in
Senepta, suggesting proximity between the two villages. Perhaps near Sento (Middle
toparchy; 6th pagus[?]) [P.Oxy.Hels. 20.ii.3 with n. ad loc.].
Position in official lists of villages: between Herakleion and Melanthiou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Senepta and Kerkeura [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Ieme and Petne [SB 16570,
P.Wash.Univ. 81; cf. also P.Ryl. 715]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Ryl. 715]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy.Hels. 20]; epiploos [P.Oxy.Hels. 20]; presbyteroi
[P.Oxy.Hels. 20]
Occupations: donkey-drivers [P.Oxy. 2182]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2037]
35

[() ]|.

223

Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: freedman [P.Oxy.Hels. 20]

See s.v. ,

See s.v.

/ - Notinou/Notinou Choriou
N.B.: N. Gonis, P.Oxy. LXX 4797.67 n., believes that there is no reason to identify the
Apionic epoikion with the places in P.Theon. 24.7 and SB 1945: there
must have been several southern plantations (i.e. vineyards) in Egypt at any time. He
also follows Hickey, A Public House but Closed 285, in distinguishing the epoikion
(P.Oxy 3953, 3960) of the Apion estate from the village tout
court of the same estate. Cf. also the mechane called in P.Oxy. LXX
4797.67 (583).
1) P.Theon. 24.7 (() )

160

chorion

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6045
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Theon. 24]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Theon. 24]
2) SB I 1945.18

V/VI

chorion(?)

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13592
3) P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).76, 80, 83, 84
P.Princ. III 158.7

590
VI

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13593
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2243(a).76]

224

Occupations: ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 2243(a).83]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy.


2243(a).80]; rush-mower (thryokopeus) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).84]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a), P.Princ. 158]
4) P.Oxy. LVIII 3953.8 ( ; see n.)
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.9 n., 32 ( )

610?
621

epoikion

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13594
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3960]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3953, 3960]

225


- Xenarchou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6064
P.Oxy. XVII 2142.5
P.Oxy. X 1285.60
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.iii.2
P.Oxy. LXXI 4831.3, 21
P.Schyen II 31.6
SB I 1978

c. 293
III
IV
429
500
VI

epoikion

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 1st pagus
Relative location: perhaps on a waterway [cf. SB 1978]
Position in official lists of villages: between Sadalou and Nesla [P.Oxy. 1285]
Cultures/agricultural products: woad is mentioned in P.Oxy. 4831.13, but it was not
necessarily cultivated in Xenarchou.
Irrigation: dike (choma) to the north of Xenarchou [P.Oxy. 4342]; irrigation work
[P.Oxy. 4342]
Taxes and other imposts: annona militaris [P.Oxy. 2142]
Note: it is not clear whether P.Oxy. 4342.iii.5 ( ()) refers to
Xenarchou (iii.2); if so, this would be the only reference to the toponym as a kome.

226


- Oasitou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2867
P.Mert. I 17.9 ()

158

epoikion

Etymology/form: hamlet of the man from the Oasis. There is sufficient evidence to
suggest that the spelling with was well established ... In the . may
well be a personal name (P.Mert. 17 n.).
Relative location: two men from Adaiou (Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus) take under lease
land in Oasitou, which could imply relative proximity between the two villages [P.Mert.
17].
Cultures/agricultural products: achyron [P.Mert. 17]
Associated kleroi: of Psetaitai [P.Mert. 17]; of Megas [P.Mert. 17]

- Olympiados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6092
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.12
PSI Congr. XVII 18a.15
P.Kln XI 459.7
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.18
SB I 1973.11 (( ); edd.: ())

IV
IV
436?
VI/VII
?

epoikion
epoikion
chorion

Etymology: < Greek female personal name .


Administrative subdivision: perhaps in the 1st pagus (cf. P.Oxy. 4342.i.4)
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI Congr. XVII 18a]

227

Irrigation: work on dike [P.Oxy. 4342]; two mechanai (one northern, the other
southern) [P.Kln 459]
Occupations: georgoi and irrigators (hydroparchoi) [P.Kln 459]; pronoetes [P.Kln 459
(Ioseph)]
Noteworthy landowners: domus divina [P.Kln 459]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025]

[ ]

See the reedition of SB XII 10875 in P.Palau Rib. 1 and cf.


below s.v.

- Oxida
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9548
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.10

VII/VIII

chorion

Etymology: it is probably connected with a personal name ( is, however, not


attested) (P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.10 n.).
Note: cf. the homonymous edaphos of the Apion estate in P.Oxy. LV 3804.242 (566).

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 1534 s.v. (add


SB XXVI 16344.10 and P.Sijp. 37.20).
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4367

- Orthoniou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3435
P.Oxy. LVI 3865.51
SB I 1945.19 (BL VII 179)
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.43
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.24, 25, 28, 36, 39

late V
V/VI
540/41
VI

kome (64)
chorion(?)
epoikion

228

P.Oxy. XVI 2044.8


P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.145, 147, 177, 178, 181
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.9, 26 (BL VI 106)
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.17
P.Oxy. XVI 2038.2
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.10 n., 35

VI
VI
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
621

ktema
ktema

VII/VIII

chorion

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
SPP X 198.3 (provenance uncertain)

Relative location: mentioned together with Kalorias and Perouen in P.Oxy. 2197
(Perouen was probably in the territory of the former Lower toparchy; see s.v.
).
Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 2038]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2038]; barley [P.Oxy. 2038]; wine
[P.Oxy. 2044, 3960]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197.149, 151, 162]; various mechanai with krenai listed in
P.Oxy. 2197.15761.
Topographical features: house [P.Oxy. 2197.148, 150, 1527]; ox-stall (boustasia)
[P.Oxy. 2197.147]; gate [P.Oxy. 2197.151]; mill [P.Oxy. 3865]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2038, 2197.162]
Animals: camels [P.Oxy. 2018]; oxen [implied by P.Oxy. 2197.147]
Officials: pagarch [P.Oxy. 3865]; tax-collector
meizon/meizoteros(?) [P.Oxy. 3865.72 n.]

(apaitetes)

[P.Oxy.

3865];

Occupations: camel-driver (kamelites) [P.Oxy. 2018]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031


(Philoxenos), 2032 (Pamouthios)]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2197.147ff.]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2018, 2031, 2032, 2038, 2044, 2197, 2207,
3960]

, - Oros, Mega
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9523

229

P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.7

VII/VIII

chorion

Note: cf. also P.Oxy. XVI 2036.5 (V/VI; see P.Sijp. 60.45 n.), P.Oxy. LV 3804.284 (566),
LXVII 4620.18 (V/VI), and PSI VIII 953.6 with BL XI 248 (567/8), all referring to a
monastery by the same name.

- Orphanou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11686
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4964.4

IV

epoikion

Etymology: the editor ad loc. refers to the rare personal name .


Occupations: ergates (requisitioned for work in Alexandria) [P.Oxy. 4964]

- Osoronnophrios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6125
P.Oxy. XLII 3047.30, 44

245

Etymology: Prof. Youtie remarks that the word occurs, in the form , as a
title of Osiris (see PWarren 21.3); and suggests that the village was a dependency of a
temple of Osiris (P.Oxy. 3047.30 n.). Strictly speaking, rather than a title of Osiris
= is the name of Osiris himself (Osor-) followed by the
second name or epithet Wn-nfr (Onnophris).
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy
Relative location: within the administrative orbit of the village scribe of Phoboou
(Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), along with other Eastern toparchy villages
(Thmoinakomis, Thmoinepsobthis, Schoibis, Tychinnekotis) [P.Oxy. 3047].
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 3047]; catoecic [P.Oxy. 3047]; uninundated
(abrochos) [P.Oxy. 3047]; artificially irrigated (epentlemene) [P.Oxy. 3047]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3047]

230

Associated kleroi: of Menodoros [P.Oxy. 3047]


Religion: see above under Etymology.
Noteworthy landowners: Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3047]

* - Ostrakinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6128
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 1917.62
SB XVIII 13888.6

late VI
616/17?
VII/VIII

epoikion
[chorion]

Uncertain instance: P.Horak I 19.1819 (early IV) [- (the town Ostrakine may
be meant).
Relative location: see Note below.
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1917]; wine [P.Oxy. 1917.80, SB 13888];
oil [SB 13888]
Religion: monk(?) [P.Oxy. 1917.65 (BL VII 142)]; (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 1917.78]
Occupations: pomarites [P.Oxy. 1917.75, 76]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1917.80]; georgoi
[P.Oxy. 1917.81]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1917.83, 84]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 1917; but cf. Hickey, A Public
House but Closed 272: The owner [in P.Oxy. 1917] may well be Strategios paneuphmos
instead of the Apion III]
Note: this hamlet may have belonged to the Heracleopolite nome (former Koites
toparchy, in proximity to the border with the Oxyrhynchite nome); see Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome 154 s.v.

- Oualentos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6131

231

P.Oxy. LV 3811.11
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.66, 67, 71, 73, 77, 118, 136

III
before 566

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Valens.


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1912.71]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1912.118]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912]

See s.v.

- Ouesobthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6135
P.Oxy. X 1326 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.47, 63, 117, 127, 146, 147

V/VI
before 566

epoikion
ktema

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1326, 1912.128]


Topographical features: oil-press (elaiourgeion) [P.Oxy. 1912.147]
Religion: two churches [P.Oxy. 1912.117]
Occupations: ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1326]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912]

- Ouestinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6137
P.Fouad I 48.13

90

epoikion

232

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Vestinus.

- Ouri
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6144
P.Harr. I 163.5 (BL XI 92)

VI

epoikion

Etymology: () is a known personal name, and to all appearances this epoikion


was named after someone called Ouri(o)s (N. Gonis, Tyche 13 (1998) 262).

233

See BL VIII 404 under PSI VIII 947.25 and cf. below
s.v. ( ?)

( ) [ - P(.)l...[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14017
P.Oxy. LXXVII 5119.5

403

kome

Note: an apparently Jewish man from Eleutheropolis in Palaestina Prima resides in this
village. It is unclear whether some traces on torn fibres between and belong to a
separate letter or to the top of the now lost second leg of . the only possible
suiting the traces are , , , and (though in the case of the last
we would expect to see the descender of the second lambda) (P.Oxy. 5119.5 n.).

[ - Pa[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7373
P.Oslo III 144.39

27275

See s.v. /

See s.v.

234

- Pangouleeiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6174
P.Harr. I 137.5 (),
24 ( )
P.Oxy. LVIII 3923.3 ()
P.Oxy. VII 1052.25 ([][];
see ZPE 170 (2009) 188)
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3428.15 n.
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.37, 41, 43, 45
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2779.8, 29
P.Oxy. LXX 4784.9
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.38 ([)
P.Oxy. XVI 1987.17 (see P.Oxy. LXX pp. 1356)
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).68
P.Iand. III 51.20
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.2
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.99, 119 ()
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. VIII 1147.16
P.CtYBR inv. 754.ii.5 (ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.14
SB XIV 11618.2
PSI I 61.12, 39
P.Oxy. VI 999 descr.
P.Oxy. LXI 4132.10, 41

II

ktema

III
after 362
IV
528/543/558
530
530
540/41
587
590
VI
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
609
616/17
619

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
ktema

epoikion

epoikion
ktema
epoikion

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. III 630.1 (( ); ZPE 160 (2007) 193) c. 161
SPP X 198.4
VII/VIII
Relative location and Arabic/modern counterpart: in the same Apionic prostasia as
Margaritou, Ambioutos and Maeiouma [P.Oxy. 999; but cf. P.Oxy. 2032, where
Pangouleeiou and Maeiouma each have their own pronoetes].
The village will be near Seryphis in the Western toparchy, later in the third
pagus, now identified with Aruba ... this speaks forcibly against Gauthiers
identification of Panguleeiu vel sim. with Qulusuna, which is too far south and east of
Aruba (P.Oxy. 4132.910 n., with reference to P.Harr. 137 and Goma et al.,
Mittelgypten 81). P.Oxy. 2243(a).6873, in which some Apionic mechanai of
Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) appear to be under the responsibility of the
pronoetes of Pangouleeiou, implies that these two villages were also relatively near one

235

another (cf. Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 92 with n. 90; for the proximity of Seryphis
and Taampemou, see P.Oxy. 1421.3 with n.). Pangouleeiou, therefore, will have been in
the border area between the former Eastern and Western toparchies. Such a location
excludes an identification with in the more southern 1st pagus.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Harr. 137, P.Oxy. 2779, 4132]; wheat [P.Oxy.
2779(?)]; pomegranates [P.Oxy. 3923]; peaches [P.Oxy. 3923]; reeds [P.Harr. 137]; woad
[P.Oxy. 1052]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 1987 (called [ 23 ] ), 2197 (various), 2244 (one
called , another called ), 2779 (called ), 4784];
lakkoi [P.Oxy. 2197.102ff.]; krenai [P.Oxy. 2197.107ff.]
Topographical features: orchard (pomarion) [P.Harr. 137]; bath (loutron) powered by a
mechane [P.Oxy. 2244.45]
Animals: pig [P.Harr. 137, P.Oxy. 4132]
Officials: meizon(?) [P.Oxy. 2197.102]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 999 (Stephanos), 4132 (Stephanos), 1147
(anonymous), 2031 (Serenus), 2032 (Victor), 2034 (Timotheos), 2243(a) (anonymous),
SB 11618 (Apollos)]; mechanourgos [P.Oxy. 1987.21]; sitometros [P.Oxy. 2197.119];
georgos [P.Oxy. 2197.101ff., 2244, 2779 (enapographos), 4784 (enapographos), PSI 61
(enapographos)]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2197.106, 2244.45]; fruit-grower (pomarites)
[P.Oxy. 3923]; bath-attendant (perichytes) [P.Oxy. 2244.45]
Noteworthy landowners: Herakleidiaina daughter of Herakleides, bouleutes of
Alexandria, and matrona stolata [P.Oxy. 3923.12 n.]; virtually all sixth- and seventhcentury instances relate to the Apion estate (P.Oxy. 4132 indirectly, SB 11618 and
P.CtYBR inv. 754 probably).
Note: on Coptic and Arabic literary evidence for this village, see S. Timm, Das christlichkoptische gypten IV 18334.

- Pankylis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6176
P.Oxy. IV 732.5 ()
PSI VIII 890.30 ()
P.Alex. 13.5 (<>)

150
25186?
III

<kome>

236

Studi in onore di Edda Bresciani (Pisa 1985)


14850 (no inventory number)
P.Oxy. LXIX 4753.67 ()
P.Mert. I 36.7, 24 (; BL VIII 208)
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).34

III/IV
341
360
590

epoikion
epoikion

Administrative subdivision: 1st pagus


Relative location: the tax on ferryboats in P.Oxy. 732 implies a location on the bank of a
river or large canal. Near Nesmimis (Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) [Studi ... Bresciani]. A
villager from Pankylis takes under lease land in Kerkemounis (Upper toparchy; 1st
pagus) [P.Oxy. 4753]. The location of Pankylis in the south of the nome excludes an
identification with , which was further north, near the border between
the Eastern and Western toparchies.
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Mert. 36]
Animals: donkeys [P.Alex. 13]
Officials: farmers of the tax on ferry-boats (telonai ones porthmidon) [P.Oxy. 732]
Occupations: donkey driver [P.Alex. 13]
Noteworthy landowners: Gaius Iulius Leukadios, prytanis, gymnasiarchos and bouleutes
[P.Mert. 36, P.Oxy. 4753]
Taxes and other imposts: tax on ferry-boats (phoros porthmeiou) [P.Oxy. 732]

, - Pankylis, Mikra
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6177
SB XII 10942.16

4 BCE

<kome?>

** - Paebythis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6180
P.Oxy. III 580 descr. (

II

237

- Paeimis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2869
P.Oxy. XIV 1629.8 ()
P.Oxy. LXXI 4822.7 ()
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.6
P.Dubl. 3.8 = P.Oxy. II 366 descr.
P.Oxy. LXIX 4739.6
P.Oxy. III 619.13 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f.)
PSI I 109.4 (BL I 391)
P.Fuad Univ. 32r.1, 17, 22
P.Tebt. II 452 descr. ()
SB XIV 11265.8, 10
SB X 10263.5, 7, 212
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.41
PSI XV 1547.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1725.5
P.Oxy. XIV 1699.2, 5
P.Oxy. XIV 1637.31
P.Oxy. XII 1475.15
P.Oxy. XIV 1646.11, 29, 30
P.Oxy. XIV 1633.10 ([)
SB XXVI 16570.16 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1252r.1 (BL XI 148)
P.Oxy. XII 1469.2
P.Stras. V 390.1 ()
P.Oxy. X 1285.76
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.73 (), 159
SB XIV 12108.23
P.Oxy. LVI 3856.15
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4966.11
P.Fuad Univ. 15.2
P.CtYBR inv. 1257.6 (]; see n. ad loc.)
(see ZPE 172 (2010) 181)
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.4
SB XXII 15364.13 = P.Oxy. I 202 ( <>)

44 BCE
3 BCE
I BCE
14/15
127
c. 147
154
II
II/III
II/III
204
21821
229
after 229
24080
25661
267
26870
275
290
after 294/5
298
III (1st half)
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
371
IV?
IV/V
late V
582

<kome>

kome
kome
topoi
kome
kome
kome

kome

kome
[kome]
kome

238

Uncertain instance: P-jm in P.Lille Dem. 5r.15 (244 BCE?) has been tentatively
identified with Paeimis; see F. de Cenival, CRIPEL 13 (1991) 43.
Etymology: the Egyptian name for Oxyrhynchus, Permedjet, may be echoed in the
Greek name of the adjacent village Paimis (Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its
hinterland 208).
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 4th pagus (see P.Oxy. 4966.11 n.)
Arabic/modern counterpart: Bani wal-Lams(?) (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 86); but the
order of villages in SB 12108 (as reconstructed by Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants
12) suggests that Paeimis was south of Senekeleu, whereas the assumed (but not
unproblematic) modern counterpart of the latter (Saqula) is south of Bani wal-Lams (cf.
P.Worp 22.6 n.); see further Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland 208 n. 1.
Relative location: land in the territory of Paeimis is said to be adjacent on the south to
the parts of the metropolis along the desert and on the north to the circumference of
the village ([] , [])
[P.Oxy. 1475.223 (edd. ad loc.: from this is appears that Pamis was on the edge of
the desert near Oxyrhynchus on the north)]; cf. also P.Oxy. 1629.8 n., citing a Coptic
text in which is mentioned a little some 5 on the east of Pemje
(Oxyrhynchus), named in the Egyptian tongue. Within five miles of Pela and
near Lenon [P.Oxy. 4739 with Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 268 n. 186]. The
Apionic epoikion tesis was nearby [SB 15364]. A man from Paeimis takes under lease
land belonging to a man from Kainon Pomarion, perhaps implying some proximity
between the two settlements (the location of the land is unknown) [P.CtYBR inv. 1257].
Position in official lists of villages: between Syron and Lenon [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Pela and Antipera Pela [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Z.o( ) and Senokomis [P.Oxy. 3462];
between Kerkethyris and Herakleidou [SB 16570]; between Lenon and Senekeleu [SB
12108]
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 1633 (unsown, asporos)]; catoecic [P.Dubl. 3, PSI
109]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Dubl. 3, P.Oxy. 1475.16 (and other land),
1629, 4739, SB 10263]; arakos [P.Oxy. 1629]; chlora [P.Oxy. 1646, 4739]
Associated kleroi: of Dionysodoros [P.Dubl. 3]; of Nikon alias Nikomedes [P.Oxy.
1475]; of Th and Menodoros [P.Oxy. 1633]; of kles [P.Oxy. 1633]; of Artemidoros
[PSI 109]
Irrigation: gyes [P.Dubl. 3]; lakkos, waterwheel (trochos), mechane [P.Oxy. 1475]; canal
(dioryx) [P.Oxy. 1475, SB 12108 (of Apollophanes)]; public dike (choma) south of the

239

village [P.Oxy. 1469]; diazoma (meaning uncertain) [P.Oxy. 3462 (see introd.)];
mechanika organa [P.Oxy. 4966]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Oxy. 1475]; two houses in the north
and western parts of the village [P.Oxy. 1475]; uncultivated orchard (pomarion
) with a well (phrear) [P.Oxy. 1475]; a one-story house without door (athyrotos)
in the middle parts of the village surrounded with vacant lots and near a public street
(demosia rhyme) [P.Oxy. 1699]; threshing floor [SB 10263]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; sheep and lambs [P.Oxy. 4822]
Religion: hawk shrine (hierakion) [P.Oxy. 1475.23]; temple (hieron) [P.Oxy. 1699].
According to a Coptic text cited in P.Oxy. 1629.8 n. the body of the Persian martyr
James was supposedly brought to Paeimis.
Officials: komarchai [P.Fuad Univ. 15, P.Oxy. 1469]; public land-surveyor (demosios
geometres) and overseer of labour on dikes (chomatepeiktes) [P.Oxy. 1469]; sitologos [SB
11265]; collector of the crown-tax (praktor stephanikon) [PSI 1547]
Occupations: pragmateutes (of an estate) [P.Oxy. 1646]; shepherd [P.Oxy. 4822]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Oxy. 1475]; Aurelia Thasous alias Lolliane,
daughter of Sarapion alias Agathos Daimon, ex-agoranomos [P.Oxy. 1475]; Aurelia
Herakleidiaina, matrona stolata and daughter of Herakleides, bouleutes of Alexandria
[P.Oxy. 1637]; heirs of Vibius Publius, veteran, officialis on the prefects staff and
bouleutes of Alexandria [P.Oxy. 1646]; Fl. Isidoros, vir clarissimus and senator [P.Oxy.
4966]; Aurelius cholios son of Iulianus, ex-curator [P.Oxy. 4966]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659, PSI 1547]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]
Other: in P.Oxy. 3856 Paeimis is the source of the usual fuel ( )
for baths (achyron = chaff?).

** ( ) - Path( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6184
SB I 1989(c)

chorion

240

- Path Tampemou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6190
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.37 ( )
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.179 ( )
P.Oxy. LV 3804.245, 247
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.133 (BL VIII 255)

c. 555?
557
566
576/7?

Uncertain instance:
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.1 ( solum; BL XII 289)

V/VI

Relative location: presumably near Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus).


Categories of land: autourgia [all instances]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [all instances]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]
Note: see also below, s.v. ()

- Pathalek
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6186
P.Oxy. XVI 2002.3

579

ktema

- Pakerke
Etymology: P-grg, the foundation (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 179).
1) Eastern toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1561
P.Oxy. XVIII 2185.3

92

241

P.Oxy. XLVII 3335.1314 (|[?]{})


P.Oxy. LXXII 4859.2
P.Oxy. LXXII 4860.3, 6
P.Oxy. LXXII 4868.2 ([)
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2864.2
P.Oxy. VII 1024.4
P.Oxy. LXXII 4874.5
P.Oxy. I 101.4, 37 (BL I 315)
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2868.10
P.Oxy. LXVII 4589.31
P.Oxy. XLI 2968.18
P.Oxy. VI 910.45, 7, 32
P.Oxy. III 533.17 (BL I 325)
P.Oxy. IX 1196.89, 19
SB XVIII 13131.3
P.Oxy. XLII 3046.1, 13, verso36
P.Oxy. XLIV 3181.3
SB XXVI 16570.32 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. IX 1208.3, 7, 12
P.Oxy. X 1285.89
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.97, 162
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.35
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5008.3

99/100
120/21
122
122/3
123
129
135
142
147
169/70
190
197
II/III
212/13
230/31
244/5
251/2
290
291
III
III
III/IV
III/IV

topoi
[topoi]
topoi
topoi
topoi

kome
topoi
topoi
kome

kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. III 615.3 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 183 + n.)
P.Stras. V 390.16 (() () [)

179/80
III

[topoi]

Arabic/modern counterpart: Abu Girg (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 83)


Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1024 the sitologos of Pakerke issues seed to a cultivator of
public land near Ophis (Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus). Near Psobthis and Perothis
[P.Oxy. 2185]. Perhaps near Ionthis (Eastern toparchy) [see P.Oxy. 4868.6 n.]. Satyrou
(Eastern toparchy) and the epoikion Menekratous were nearby [P.Oxy. 3046].
Position in official lists of villages: between Taampemou and Phoboou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Taampemou and Thmoinepsobthis [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Thmoinepsobthis
and Psobthis [SB 16570]
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 1208]; catoecic [P.Oxy. 3046]; artificially irrigated
(epentlemene) [P.Oxy. 3046]
36

This papyrus probably refers to Pakerke of the Eastern toparchy; cf. the mention of the epoikion Satyrou

in lines 312.

242

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 101, 910, 1208]; chlora [P.Oxy. 910]
Associated kleroi: of N.N. and Epanthes [P.Oxy. 1208]; of Sostratos [P.Oxy. 3046]
Irrigation: mechane and hydreumata [P.Oxy. 1208]; canal (dioryx) [P.Oxy. 1208]; dike
(choma) [P.Oxy. 3046]
Topographical features: public granary [P.Oxy. 101, 3181]; threshing floor [P.Oxy. 101,
910]; road [P.Oxy. 1208]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 615(?), 1024, 2185, 2864, 4589, 4859, 4860, 4868, 4874, SB
13131]; praktor sitikon [P.Oxy. 1196]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 3046]; dekaprotos
[P.Oxy. 3181]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 5008]; epistates eirenes [P.Oxy. 5008]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 533]
Noteworthy landowners: Hierakion son of Hierakion, ex-agoranomos [P.Oxy. 910];
Aurelius Sarapion son of Herakleides alias Panares, ex-agoranomos of Antinoopolis
[P.Oxy. 3046]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]
2) Middle toparchy/6th pagus:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6198
P.Harr. I 138.i.19, 22, 23 (BL IX 102)
P.Mich. XVIII 786.6, 18, 19, 50, 53, 118
P.Oxy. XII 1540.4, 12, 14
SB XVI 12756.5
PSI Congr. XVII 26.6
P.Oxy. LX 4089.24, 53

92
167
187/8
II
III
351

<kome>
topoi

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.63 ([(?); BL VIII 248)

21821

Relative location: coupled with Senopotheos (Middle toparchy; 6th pagus) [PSI Congr.
XVII 26]
Position in official lists of villages: between Tholthis and Tanais [P.Oxy. 1659]; between
Toka and Nemera [PSI Congr. XVII 26]

243

Categories of land: confiscated land(?) [P.Oxy. 4089]; sacred (hiera) [P.Harr. 138]
Cultures/agricultural products: barley [PSI Congr. XVII 26]
Associated kleroi: of Poleitas [P.Harr. 138]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 1540]
Taxes and other imposts: grain collected from Pakerke by the epimeletes of the military
camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]
3) Uncertain toparchy:
P.Cair.Zen. IV 59770.17 ([)37
P.Harr. I 96.16 (BL III 80)
P.Lips. I 116.7, 13 (BL I 215)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.40 (BL VIII 254)
BGU IV 1031.3
P.Oxy. XLI 2981.12
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5003.1
O.Ashm.Shelt. 50.15 = SB I 2253
SB VI 8971.5, 6, 938 = P.Harr. I 143 descr.
P.Oxy. XIV 1748.1, 3
P.Ryl. II 351 descr.
P.Oxy. XLIV 3190.2
P.Flor. III 325.5
P.Oxy. LVI 3865.323, 49
P.Oxy. XVI 1918v.10 ( [)
P.Oxy. LV 3805.68 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1839.6 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.14 ()
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.18 ()
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. LXII 4351.20
P.Iand. II 20.3 (cf. 4 [ [ethnic])
P.Oxy. XVI 1897.6 (), 11 ()
P.Ross.Georg. V 12B r.2 (cf. p. 273)
SB XII 11163.4

37
38

mid-III BCE
I/II
123
165
II
II
II
II/III
284/5
III
III
III/IV
489
late V
after 542
after 566
VI
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
601?

<kome>

kome

kome
ktema

ktema
ktema
ktema

The papyrus is of Arsinoite provenance, but mentions the Oxyrhynchite village of Takona in l. 13.
The editor restores [() () .] in line 6, but there is nothing to corroborate this

restoration; cf. Pruneti, I centri 133 n. 5.

244

Relative location: P.Oxy. 1897 seems to imply a dispute between Po(m)pano and
Pakerke, suggesting proximity between the two villages. Pompano was near Satyrou of
the Eastern toparchy and later in the Cynopolite nome (see below s.v. ),
which would suggest that the Apionic instances of the village refer to Pakerke of the
former Eastern toparchy.
Categories of land: private [SB 8971]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Flor. 325, P.Oxy. 4351]; wine [P.Oxy. 3805]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Flor. 325]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 1748, 2182]
Religion: Philoxenos, the pronoetes in P.Oxy. 1839, must have been a cleric to judge
from his title of .
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 3190]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 3190]; meizon [P.Flor. 325, P.Oxy.
3805]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 5003]; presbyteroi [P.Oxy. 5003]
Occupations: donkey drivers [P.Oxy. 1748, 2182]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1839
(Philoxenos), 2034 (name unpreserved), SB 11163 (anonymous)]; phrontistes [P.Oxy.
4351]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. N.N., vir gloriosissimus and politeuomenos of Oxyrhynchus
[P.Flor. 325]; Apion estate [P.Flor. 325, P.Oxy. 998, 1839, 1897, 1918, 2034, 2207, 3805,
4351]

** - Paki
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6203
SPP XX 206.3
BGU II 675.4 = SPP VIII 1139

VII
VII (2nd half)

chorion
proastion

Occupations: guard (phylax) [BGU 675]


Note: on localities called // in other areas of Egypt, cf. G. Husson, Rech.
de Pap. 4 (1967) 193 n. 5.

245

- Pakiak
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9557
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.72, 79 (BL IX 190, XI 154)
P.Oxy. LV 3804.35, 36, 145, 152, 213, 226

557
566

epoikion/ktema

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Kisson, Trigyou, Loukiou,
Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern
part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (see P.Oxy. LV pp. 967).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3804.47]; palm trees [P.Oxy. 3804.46]
Irrigation: new lakkos [P.Oxy. 3804.213]; mechane (called ) [P.Oxy.
3804.213]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911.72, 3804.145]; priest [P.Oxy. 3804.39, 44]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1911.79, 3804.152]; georgoi [P.Oxy.
3804.48, 214 (koinon)]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 3804.48]; potamitai [P.Oxy. 3804.213];
builder (oikodomos) and carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy. 3804.215]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804]
Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 3804.46]

- Palaiou Choriou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10362
P.Hamb. inv. 574.2 (see APF 50 (2004) 164)

473

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) old chorion.


Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Hamb. inv. 574]
Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Hamb. inv. 574]

246

- Palidou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6221
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).52, 53
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.220 (BL VI 106)

590
VI

ktema
ktema

Uncertain instance:
P.Lond. V 1808.3 (BL XI 1212)

VII

Relative location: near Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).35]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]; chortos [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]
Topographical features: orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]; lakkos [P.Lond. 1808 (BL XI 121
2)]; irrigation work [P.Lond. 1808 (BL XI 1212)]
Occupations: gardener [P.Oxy. 2197 (kepouros), 2243(a) (pomarites)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197, 2243(a); probably P.Lond. 1808]

( ) - Palieu( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10364
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.19 (see P.Oxy. LXX 4787.9 n.)

VI/VII

epoikion

Note: perhaps () (cf. , a personal name, in P.Oslo III 134.5) (P.Oxy.


4787.9 n.).

- Palitiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2963
P.Oxy. LVIII 3942.14, 37

606

epoikion

247

Occupations: potter of wine jars (kouphokerameus) [P.Oxy. 3942]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3942]

** - Pallos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6233
PSI VII 782.2

340/41

chorion

- Palosis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2870
P.Polit.Iud. 8.17
P.Oxy. IV 808 descr.
P.Oxy. I 46.18
PSI XII 1262.ii.16, 17
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.54 (cf. BL VII 144)
P.Oxy. LV 3782.5, 10
SB XII 10780 verso = P.Oxy. III 593 descr.
P.Ant. III 199.3
P.Mert. I 23.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1648.35, 39
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.88, [94]
P.Oxy. XLIII 3097.1, 12
P.Oxy. XII 1459.910
P.Oxy. VII 1044.6, 19 (BL VII 133)
P.Oxy. X 1285.127
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.17 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.5
P.Oxy. LV 3790.3
P.Oxy. XII 1448.4
P.Oxy. LXVII 4612.ii.6
P.Giss. 115.ii.5
P.Oxy. X 1342 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 1834.8
P.Oxy. LV 3805.20, 22, 23, 79

133 BCE
5468
100
137
165
172?
172/3
II
late II
late II
late II
224/5
226
234/5?
III
III
early IV
c. 317/18
after 324
363
IV
V
V/VI
after 566

kome
<kome>
kome
kome

kome

kome

248

P.Oxy. LXX 4794.8


P.Oxy. XVI 2029.12
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. VI 922.23 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1917.90
T.Varie 8.2 ()

580
VI
late VI
VI/VII
616/17?
669

ktema

ktema

Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus


Arabic/modern counterpart: Bilhasa (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 88)
Relative location: close to Nikostratou [P.Oxy. 1459.31 n., SB 10780]. Near Netro and
Phoan [PSI 1262; cf. also P.Mert. 23, where Palosis and Netro are mentioned in close
association].
Position in official lists of villages: between Senyris and Teis [P.Oxy. 1342]; last after
Teis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Kesmouchis and Paomis [P.Oxy. 1448]; between Paomis
and Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1659.88], between Teis and Paomis(?) [P.Oxy. 1659.94]; between
Paomis and Kesmouchis [P.Giss. 115, P.Oxy. 3307]; between Paomis and Sepho
[Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 46, 1648 (implied by inheritance tax; see below
under Taxes and other imposts)]; private [P.Oxy. 1459 (implied by 1 artaba per aroura
tax rate)]; royal [P.Oxy. 1044, 1459]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 1459]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 46, PSI 1262]; achyron [P.Oxy. 3805];
chortos [P.Oxy. 3805]; wine [P.Polit.Iud. 8, T.Vaire 8]
Associated kleroi: of Andronikos [P.Oxy. 46]; of Andron and Menestheus [P.Oxy. 1459
(Menestheus alone in P.Oxy. 1044)]; of Koraios, of Menemachos (formerly of Pausiris
son of Apis), of Nikomachos (formerly of Pnepheros), of Nikostratos, of Polemon, of
Sotades, of Cherigenes [P.Oxy. 1044; cf. Table 7 in Rowlandson, Landowners and
Tenants 307ff.]
Topographical features: record office (grapheion) [P.Oxy. 808]
Animals: donkey [P.Oxy. 922, 2182]; sheep and lambs [P.Oxy. 3782]; goats [P.Oxy.
3782]
Officials: praktor sitikon [P.Oxy. 3097]; meizon [P.Oxy. 4794]; sitologoi [PSI 1262]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; shepherd [P.Oxy. 3782]; enapographoi
georgoi [P.Oxy. 4794]; agent (pragmateutes) [P.Oxy. 4794]; ampelourgos [T.Varie 8]
Military: a veteran owns land in the village [P.Oxy. 1459]; stratiotes [P.Oxy. 1917]

249

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 3805, 4794]


Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]; tax on the inheritance of
catoecic land (telos katalochismon) [P.Oxy. 1648]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition
of meat [P.Oxy. 3790]
Other: P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.224 (565/6) and 3805.79 attest the ethnic .
Note: Whether the is to be identified with [the ktema of the same name in P.Oxy.
4794 and T.Varie 8] cannot be confirmed (P.Oxy. 4794.8 n.).

- Pamis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3628
P.Oxy. II 277.3, 13
P.Leit. 1.8, 14 = SB VIII 10192

19 BCE
c. 160

Relative location: in P.Leit. 1 nominees for a liturgy in Nemera (Middle toparchy) are
from Pamis, suggesting to the editor that the latter lay within the komogrammateia of
Nemera. Pamis is thought to be a graphic variant of either (Thmoisepho
toparchy) or (Western toparchy). (In the same document two other nominees
are from Tholthis of the Lower toparchy, but, unlike those from Pamis, they are
explicitly said to reside in Nemera.)
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 277]
Associated kleroi: of Philon [P.Oxy. 277]
Topographical features: oikopeda [P.Leit. 1]; threshing floor [P.Oxy. 277]

[ ]

See BL IX 190 under P.Oxy. XVI 1911.79 and cf. above s.v.

250

- Paneuei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2871
II (2nd half)
II/III
256
290
III
III/IV
III/IV
322 or 323
325
341
34650
IV
431
564
VI

SB XIV 11960.20, 22, 31


P.Harr. II 196.6
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2714.5
SB XXVI 16570.8 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.74
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.18
P.Harr. II 212.6
P.Oxy. XIV 1626.3
P.Oxy. XII 1559.9
P.Oxy. XIX 2229.2
P.Wash.Univ. I 20.4 (BL VIII 509)
P.Kln V 234.5, verso
P.Oxy. LXX 4787.9
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.1, 3, 5, 9, 12, 14, 17, 20
(BL XI 158)
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.16

epoikion

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

VI/VII

Delendum: P.Oxy. XVI 2025.19 (see P.Oxy. 4787.9 n.)


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 3rd pagus
Position in official lists of villages: between Senokomis and Syron [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Seryphis and Senokomis [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Seryphis and Syron [SB
16570]
Topographical features: pottery
[P.Wash.Univ. 20]

workshop

(kerameion) [SB 11960];

houses

Animals: unspecified transport animals (zoa) sent to Babylon for an Imperial visit
[P.Oxy. 1626]; camels [P.Oxy. 2018]; donkeys [SB 11960]; calf [SB 16570]
Religion: church
[P.Wash.Univ. 20]

(katholike

ekklesia)

[P.Wash.Univ.

20];

(Christian)

priest

Officials: archephodos [P.Harr. 196]; dekanoi [P.Oxy. 1626]; meizon/meizoteros [P.Oxy.


1626, 2018.1, 4787]; kephalaiotes [P.Oxy. 2229]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 2714]; overseer of
the peace (epistates eirenes) [P.Oxy. 2714]; field-guards (pediophylakes) [P.Kln 234,
P.Oxy. 2714]

251

Occupations: superintendent of animals (epimeletes zoon) [P.Oxy. 1626]; watchmen


(teretai) of the village and crops [P.Oxy. 2714]; guard of the threshing floor
(halonophylax) [P.Oxy. 2714]; enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4787]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1908, 2018(?), 4787 (pagarchoumene by
the Apiones)]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Panechmothis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6259
P.Oxy. VIII 1123.12
158/9
P.Mich. XVIII 786.18, 19, 24, 26, 28, 57, 61, 64, 118 167
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Relative location: near Petenoureos (Middle toparchy) (public land in P.Oxy. 1123 is
said to be []).
Categories of land: public [P.Oxy. 1123]

See s.v.

- Paradeisou
P.Mich. inv. 4004.vi.13 (BASP 46 (2009) 47)

c. 36080

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet of (the) garden.


Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Mich. inv. 4004]

252

P.Oxy. XVI 2032.70, 71 (540/41) more probably refers to


the port of the Marmarica rather than an Oxyrhynchite
settlement of the same name; cf. Pruneti, I centri s.v.
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3668

- Partheniados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6321
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.5, 20, 31
P.Oxy. LV 3805.102
P.Oxy. XVI 1990.14 (see P.Oxy. LXX p. 141)
P.Iand. III 51.23
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.7
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.71, 209, 211, 214
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.29
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.25
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.16
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.34
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4704.2

after 547
after 566
591
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII
621
626

ktema
ktema
ktema
epoikion/ktema

Relative location: coupled with Hiereon [P.Oxy. 2197.71]. Perhaps near Leukiou
(Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) [P.Oxy. 2197.76, 81]. In P.Oxy. 4704 the Apionic
pronoetes of Partheniados is in charge of payments to canal labourers working in the
outside Oxyrhynchus (see s.v.).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1990, 2044, 3960]; wheat [P.Oxy. 1990];
acacia trees [P.Oxy. 3805]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 1990 (called ), 2197.76, 84];
lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197.78 etc.]; krene [P.Oxy. 2197.83]
Topographical features: orchard (pomarion) [P.Oxy. 2197.73]; houses [P.Oxy. 2197.74,
75 etc.]; bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 2197.79]
Religion: priest [P.Oxy. 2197.77]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916.5 (Apasion), 20, 31 (Menas), 2031
(Serenus), 4704 (Sergius)]; enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 1990]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2197.74
etc.]; ampelourgos [P.Oxy. 2197.75]; baker (artokopos) [P.Oxy. 2197.79]; potamitai
[P.Oxy. 4704]

253

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

[ - Paro[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6333
PSI VIII 948.1639

345/6

ktema

[ - Paro....[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8408
P.Oxy. XVI 1918v.10

after 542

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1918]


Editors note ad loc.: cannot be read, but <> is possible.

- Paroriou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6336
P.Oxy. XII 1545.56
SB I 1945.21
SB I 1973.4

IV
V/VI
?

chorion(?)
chorion

Etymology: lit. chorion of (the land?) by the (desert) mountain.


Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1545 Paroriou supplies requisitioned meat together with
Senokomis (former Western toparchy), suggesting that it was the smaller neighbour of
the latter.
Taxes and other imposts: supply of meat, probably for milirary purposes [P.Oxy. 1545]
39

For the Oxyrhynchite provenance of PSI 948, see Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1, and R. S. Bagnall and K. A.

Worp, Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt (2nd ed.; Leiden 2004) 57 n. 2 (cf. BL VII 238).

254

Note: given the commonality of the toponym, the above instances do not necessarily
relate to the same place; cf. the following entries.

, - Paroriou, Megales
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5658
SB XXII 15320.4 = P.Oxy. X 1327
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.2, 18
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.15, 78
P.Oxy. LXXV 5069.6, [18]
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.33, 66
SB XVI 12585.10
P.Iand. III 51.8
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.14
P.Oxy. XVI 2024.12 = P.Oxy. I 154
(() ())
SPP X 215.1 (see ZPE 138 (2002) 150)

V
528/543/558
540/41
546
c. 555?
557
VI
VI
late VI

epoikion
epoikion

VII/VIII

chorion

epoikion
ktema
ktema

Etymology: lit. hamlet (vel sim.) of (the) large (land?) by the (desert) mountain.
Relative location: perhaps near Oxyrhynchus given its occurrence in P.Oxy. 1913, an
account dealing in large part with the Apion estates (cf.
Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 86).
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2024]; kiki oil [SB 12585]; wine [P.Oxy.
5069, SB 15320]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244.2 (called ), 18 (called )]
Topographical features: oil-press (elaiourgeion) of the Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1913.65]
Occupations: potter [P.Oxy. 1913.33]; oil-maker (elaiourgos) [P.Oxy. 1913.66, SB
12585]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2024 (Anoup), 2032 (Serenus)]; georgoi [P.Oxy.
2244]; a cobblers measure ( ) is mentioned in SB 12585, implying
perhaps the presence of a cobbler in this village; ampelourgos [SB 15320]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 1913, 2024, 2032, 2207, 2244]

255

, - Paroriou, Mikras
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5763
P.Oxy. LV 3805.72
PSI VIII 954.30

after 566
VI

epoikion

Etymology: lit. hamlet (vel sim.) of (the) small (land?) by the (desert) mountain.
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Skytalitidos (8th pagus),
Chrysochoou and Ptolemaidos [PSI 954]
Occupations: phrontistes [PSI 954]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3805, PSI 954]; castrensiani [P.Oxy.
3805]; Iulianus stratelates [P.Oxy. 3805]

, - Paroriou, Notines
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6043
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.37
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.179
P.Oxy. LV 3804.241, 245, 247, 252
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.133 (BL VIII 255)
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).30
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.7, 8
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.25

c. 555?
557
566
576/7?
590
VI
VI/VII

<kome>

Etymology: lit. village of (the) southern (land?) by the (desert) mountain.


Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Senokomis (Western toparchy),
Herakleion (Middle toparchy), Pesta and Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus)
[P.Oxy. 2243(a)]. Field-guards of Lithines watch over the chortos of Notines Paroriou
[P.Oxy. 3804.241; for another connection between these two villages, cf. P.Oxy.
2243(a).31].
Categories of land: autourgia [P.Oxy. 1911, 1913, 2195, 3804]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [P.Oxy. 3804]; arakos [P.Oxy. 3804.252]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 2206]

256

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (name unpreserved)]; brickmaker


(plintheutes) [P.Oxy. 2206]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

- Pasigonios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6341
P.Oxy. XLVII 3365.41, 70 = P.Coll.Youtie I 65

after 241

epoikion

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy (deduced from the hamlets proximity to
Talao)
Relative location: near Talao (Lower toparchy) [P.Oxy. 3365.70]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 3365]; hypologos [P.Oxy. 3365]
Cultures/agricultural products: barley [P.Oxy. 3365]
Associated kleroi: of Nikandros [P.Oxy. 3365]

** - Patale
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6359
SB I 1945.22

V/VI

chorion(?)

Note: cf. the suggestion to correct to (a Cynopolite settlement; see


Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 159) in BL X 176, but this is a mere conjecture (Oxyrhynchus. A
City and its Texts 358 n. 1).

A Cynopolite village; see Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 159


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2873

257

/ - Patao/Pateo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6367
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.7, 8, 17, 29
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.4, 7, 10, 15, 16 (;
BL XI 1578)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.62 ()

late V
VI

epoikion
ktema

VI

Relative location: mentioned alongside Arkisou and Trene [P.Oxy. 2197]


Occupations: field-guards (pediou phylakes) [P.Oxy. 2018]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2018, 2197]

- Patbonthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9576
P.Oxy. LX 4092.12

355

epoikion

Etymology: the toponym contains the element -, which is commonly found in


geographical names ... The meaning of - ... in Coptic is still uncertain; see M.
Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite, p. 273 (P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.11 n.).
Administrative subdivision/Relative location: to the east of lands belonging to Isieion
Panga and therefore probably in the 1st pagus [P.Oxy. 4092].
Note: perhaps identical with below.

** [ (?)] - Patermouthios(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6378
SB I 1973.6

chorion

258

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .

See s.v.

( ) - Patrimounal( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6398
P.Iand. III 51.7

VI

Etymology: presumably from Latin adj. patrimonialis (patrimonial).


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51]

** ( ) - Patsar( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6402
SB I 1973.14

chorion

** ( ) - Patyr( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6406
SB I 1945.23

V/VI

chorion(?)

- Pachbonthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9579

259

P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.11

VII/VIII

chorion

Etymology: the toponym contains the element -, which is commonly found in


geographical names ... The meaning of - ... in Coptic is still uncertain; see M.
Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite, p. 273 (n. ad loc.).
Note: perhaps identical with above.

- Papsau
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6428
P.Oxy. XIV 1776.11 (BL VIII 249)
P.Oxy. XVI 1982.7 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.18, 116, 127, 152
PSI VIII 953.8
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.27

IV/V
497
before 566
567/8
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion

Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Theou, Chenetorios, Samakionos,


Graeidos and Petne [P.Oxy. 1912]
Cultures/agricultural products: cheese [P.Oxy. 1776]; wine [P.Oxy. 1912.29, 128, 152
(neophyta choria), 1982]; wheat [P.Oxy. 1982]
Irrigation: mechanai [P.Oxy. 1776 (three), 1982 (called )]
Religion: priests [P.Oxy. 1912.20, 22]; church [P.Oxy. 1912.116, PSI 953]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 1776, 1912.27 (koinon), 29, 30, 32, 1982 (enapographos)];
ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1912.29]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (name unpreserved)]
Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 1912.30]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912, 1982, 2031, PSI 953]

- Paomis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2872

260

P.Oxy. XXXIII 2670.i.[4], 12


P.Oxy. LXII 4335.8
PSI IX 1065.5
P.Oxy. XLIX 3491.31
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.9
P.Oxy. XII 1541.3
P.Oxy. IV 740.24
P.Oxy. III 532.1819
P.Oxy. XII 1534.12
SB XXVI 16809.i.10, ii.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.87, [95]
SB XXIV 15936.[i.4], ii.6
PSI VII 733.7, 412
SB XXVI 16570.74 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.122
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.236
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.16 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.48
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5007.23
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.4, 11
P.Kln IV 199.2
P.Oxy. XII 1448.5
PSI IX 1081.3
P.Giss. 115.ii.4
P.Oxy. XVII 2154.16
P.Oxy. XVI 2029.14

127
128
157
157/8
176/7
192
c. 200/1
II
early III
208/9?
21821
232/3
235
290
III
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
early IV
311?
after 324
late IV
IV
IV
VI

topoi
<kome>

topoi

topoi

kome
kome
kome
kome

Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus


Arabic/modern counterpart: Ban al-Alam(?) (Bam in early Arabic texts); see
Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland 208 n. 1.
Position in official lists of villages: first before Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Palosis
and Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1448]; between Teis and Palosis [P.Giss. 115, P.Oxy. 1659.87, 3307,
Manchester Museum inv. 10893], between Palosis(?) and Kesmouchis [P.Oxy. 1659.95];
last after Teis [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Teis and Tholthis [SB 16570]
Topographical features: public granary (to demosion) [P.Oxy. 1541]; border (synoria) of
the village [P.Oxy. 5007]
Animals: pigs [SB 15936, 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 740, 1541, 2670]; epiplooi [P.Oxy. 2670]; komarchai [P.Oxy.
5007]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 5007]; collector of the crown-tax (praktor stephanikon) [PSI

261

733]; overseer of the pigs (epimeletes choiron) to be supplied for the visit of Severus
Alexander and Iulia Mamaea to Egypt [SB 15936]
Occupations: donkey-drivers [P.Oxy. 740]; slave and wet-nurse [PSI 1065]
Noteworthy landowners: Dionysios son of Diogenes, Alexandrian citizen [P.Oxy. 4335
(51 3/8 arouras)]
Taxes and other imposts: phoretron, sitometrikon [P.Oxy. 740]; vestis militaris [P.Oxy.
1448]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659, PSI 733]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]

( ) - Pa.ri( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9566
P.Diog. 46.27

156/179/211

epoikion

- Pbouei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6795
SPP X 215.11 (see ZPE 138 (2002) 150, 1523)

VII/VIII

chorion

(?) [ ] - Pegouliou(?) Aphthoniou


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6437
P.Oxy. XIX 2229.3 (see n. ad loc.)

34650

epoikion

Etymology: second element < Greek personal name .


Relative location: perhaps near Paneuei (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) [P.Oxy. 2229]

262

- Peenno
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2874
P.Fouad I 16.13 (BL VI 40)
P.Oxy. LV 3777.16
P.Oxy. IX 1188.7, 22
P.IFAO I 21.1819 (BL VI 55)
P.Oxy. XLV 3264.6 = P.Coll.Youtie I 21
P.Harr. I 138.i.17, iii.1, 3, 10
P.Oxy. IV 713.26
SB V 7615.7 = P.Bon. 43
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4956.7, 19
P.Oxy. III 622.14 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 190)
P.Oxy. III 630.12 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 193f.)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.44 (; BL VII 144)
P.Stras. IV 191.6
P.Mich. XVIII 786.46, 102
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.7
P.Oxy. XLI 2997.5
P.Oxy. XLIX 3496.8, 10
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.72, 82
P.Oxy. X 1283.6
SB XII 11033.1, 12
P.Oxy. XII 1549.12
SB XXVI 16570.58 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Corn. 36.5
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.81, 102, 208 ()
PSI Congr. XVII 26.15
SB XIV 11937v.ii.5

68 BCE
57 BCE
13
5468
80/81
92
97
I
146/7
161
161
165
165
167
188
214
214/15?
21821
219
220/21 or 224/5
240
290
III
III
III
III/IV?

kome
kome
kome
kome
<kome>

<kome>

praktoreia
topoi
kome

Uncertain instance:
P.Mich. XX 816.40 ( [ ]; see n. ad loc.)

c. 376/7

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; R. S. Bagnall, Tyche 6 (1991) 3743,


suggests that the village may have been transferred to the Cynopolite nome in the fourth
century.
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1112 an acacia tree is designated by the
komogrammateus of Nemera (Middle toparchy) for purchase, and in P.Oxy. 1549 a
declaration of uninundated land around Peenno is addressed to the komogrammateus
of Nemera and other villages; the two villages must have been close neighbours. P.Oxy.
2997 specifies that Peenno is near Toka (Middle toparchy, later in the fourth century

263

transferred to the Cynopolite nome); cf. also P.IFAO I 21, where a shepherd registered
in Peenno herds sheep in Toka, and P.Oxy. 2182, where the two villages are joined in a
single entry.
Position in official lists of villages: between an uncertain village and Toka [P.Oxy.
1659.72], between Senepta and an uncertain village [P.Oxy. 1659.82]; between
Mastingophorou and Psobthis [SB 16570]; between Tholthis and Herakleion [P.Corn.
36]; between Toka and an uncertain village [PSI Congr. XVII 26]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Harr. 138]; private [P.Oxy. 1549 (implied by 1 artaba per
aroura tax rate)]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 1549, SB 11033]; abandoned
(pareimene) [P.Oxy. 713, 1549]
Cultures/agricultural products: acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1112, 1188]; persea trees [P.Oxy.
1188]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3777]; barley [PSI Congr. XVII 26]
Associated kleroi: of Melanthios [P.Oxy. 1188]; of Thrasymachos [P.Oxy. 713, 1549]; of
Phainippos [P.Oxy. 3777]; of enon [P.Harr. 138]; of domion [SB 11033]
Irrigation: dike (choma) formerly belonging to Saras son of Amos [P.Oxy. 1112]; the
great irrigation basin (to mega perichoma) [P.Oxy. 1188]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2997];
public dikes (demosia chomata) [P.Oxy. 3264]; irrigation work [P.Oxy. 3264]
Topographical features: vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Harr. 138]; house with storeroom
(kamara) and courtyard (aule) [P.Oxy. 4956]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; pig [SB 16570]
Religion: temple of Ammon [P.Oxy. 1188]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 1188 (of Peenno and other villages), SB 11033];
praktores argyrikon [P.Oxy. 1283]; presbyteroi [P.Oxy. 3264]; chomatepimeletes [P.Oxy.
3264]; sitologos [P.Stras. 191]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; shepherd [P.IFAO I 21]; phrontistes [P.Oxy.
2997]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Oxy. 2997]
Taxes and other imposts: eparourion, sponde Dionysou, pechismos peristereon [P.Oxy.
1283]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]; poll-tax (laographia) [P.IFAO I 21 (implied)]

( )

See s.v.

264

- Pekty
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6453
P.Oxy. LXI 4121.9
PSI IX 1071.10
PSI III 187.12
P.Oxy. LX 4074.7
P.Oxy. XXXI 2585.8
P.Oxy. XLV 3255.9 = P.Coll.Youtie II 80
P.Batav. 16.3 (BL VIII 203)
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4677.6
P.Oxy. X 1312 descr. (BL VIII 244)
P.Oxy. XVI 1932.7 ()
SB XXIV 16324.15, 16, [29]+P.Oxy. XVI 1911.210
P.Oxy. LV 3804.85, 86, 99
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).33 ()
P.Mnch. III 98.10, 37
P.Bad. VI 168.9
PSI III 239.9, verso
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.11, 36, 37
P.Leid.Inst. 80 B.ii.12

289/90
296
late III
307
315
315
346/7
408
V
5279 or 5424
557
566
590
593/4
VI
601
VI/VII
VII/VIII

epoikion

epoikion
[epoikion]

epoikion/ktema
ktema
epoikion
epoikion/ktema
chorion

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 1st pagus


Relative location: named with Anta [P.Oxy. 1932]. Near Isieion Panga (Upper toparchy;
1st pagus) [P.Oxy. 3804.856 n., 4121.89 n., PSI 187, 1071]. Inhabitants of Pekty farm
land in Loukiou [P.Oxy. 3804].
Categories of land: fallow ( ) [P.Oxy. 2585]
Cultures/agricultural products: flax [P.Oxy. 2585, 3255]; chortos [P.Oxy. 4121 (see
introd.), PSI 239]; barley [P.Batav. 16]
Irrigation: mechane ( ) [P.Oxy. 1932]; irrigation basin
(perichoma) [P.Oxy. 2585, 3255, PSI 187, 1071]
Topographical features: land with rocky places ( ) [P.Oxy. 4121]
Occupations: field-guards (agrophylakes) [PSI 239]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelia Herakleidiaina, matrona stolata, daughter of Aurelius
Herakleides, bouleutes of Alexandria [P.Oxy. 4121]; Fl. N.N., ex praepositis [P.Oxy.
4677]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1911 (+ SB 16324), 1932(?), 2025, 2243(a), 3804]

265

See s.v.

- Pela
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2875
P.Hib. I 43.3
BGU VI 1228.5
P.Oslo II 26.9 ()
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.5
P.Oxy. IV 835 descr.
P.Princ. II 24.14
P.Oxy. II 245.12, 20
C.Pap.Jud. III 482.12 = P.Oxy. II 353 descr.
SB XII 10795.11 = P.Oxy. II 351 descr.
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2850.11
P.Ryl. II 159.8, 36
P.Oxy. XIV 1672.12
P.Oxy. XII 1447.3
P.Sarap. 79f.i.5, 24
P.Oxy. LVII 3905.17
P.Oxy. LVII 3910.11, 20
P.Oxy. VI 969.1 (BL VIII 239)
P.Oxy. LXIX 4739.3, 23
P.Oxy. III 584 descr.
P.Oxy. III 506.6, 10, 11, 23
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.17 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. XXXI 2591.3
P.Oxy. XLIX 3473.5
P.Oxy. LXVII 4589.5, 15, 16, 20, 22, 25, 27, 33,
38, 44
P.Oxy. LXII 4337.8
P.Matr. 2.2, 11, 15
P.Kln II 90.8
PSI VIII 947.3 (BL VIII 404), 9
SB XVI 12642.8, 11 = P.Princ. III 131
P.Oxy. IX 1212.2
P.Fuad Univ. 32.r.12
P.IFAO III 15.5
P.Oxy. IV 740.20, 21, 37, 38

261 BCE
258 BCE
5/4 BCE
I BCE
1416
21
26
27
28
29
31/2
3740
44
90133
99
99/100?
early II
127
c. 129
after 143
c. 152
158/9
1619
16875
178?
181/2
c. 184
185/6
196
II
II?
II?
c. 200

<kome>

topoi
kome
kome

kome
topoi
<kome>
topoi
kome
kome
topoi
kome

266

P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.62, 116


P.Col. X 272.2, 12, 18 = SB XX 14312
P.Oxy. XLVII 3346.15
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.40
P.Oxy. XIV 1725.11
SB I 1507.2 ()
P.Oxy. VI 970 descr.
P.Gen. II 116.10 = SB XII 11233
PSI XV 1550.6
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.20
O.Fay. 26.2
PSI Congr. XXI 12.vi.20
P.Princ. II 61.11
P.Oxy. XII 1497.9
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2872.3
SB XXVI 16570.19 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
O.Fay. 33.1 ()
P.Graux II 29.4
P.Oxy. X 1285.81
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170 introd.
P.Oxy. XLVI 3269.3
PSI IV 292.2
PSI VII 799.[13], 15, 19, 22
SB XIV 12181.1, 3, 5, 9, 15, 23, 24, 324
SB XIV 12156.ii.8
SB XIV 12108.21
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.22
P.Col. X 286.8
P.Oxy. XLIV 3195.35
P.Oxy. XXII 2347.[2], 4
P.Oxy. XVI 1948.2
SB I 1945.24
PSI VIII 953.12

c. 20012
204
20711
21821
after 229
23962
244/5
247
III (1st half)
2536
254
261
264
278/9
284/5
290
III
III
III
III
III
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
III/IV
317
331
362
471
V/VI
567/8

kome
kome

kome
kome

kome
kome
chorion(?)

Uncertain instances:
SB XXVI 16824.2 = X 10215 (])
P.Oxy. XXVII 2474.39 (cf. 38 n.)

c. 21248
III

<kome>

Delendum: P.Oxy. II 368 descr. = SPP IV p. 116 (43/4); see D. Hagedorn, ZPE 177
(2011) 233.
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy

267

Arabic/modern counterpart: Billa al-Mustagadda (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 98), 7 km


south of al-Bahnasa/Oxyrhynchus.
Relative location: P.Oxy. 740.37 mentions land around Pela ,
suggesting proximity between the two villages (cf. also l. 39). P.Oxy. 3269.3 n.: From the
name of Antipera Pela in the same toparchy we know that both villages stood by a
considerable body of water, probably the ancient equivalent of the Bahr Yusuf (cf. the
mention of fishing in the same papyrus). The location by the Bahr Yusuf is confirmed
by P.Gen. 116.30, 39, on which see Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 12: Pela was
probably on the eastern bank; parts of its territory had the river both on the east and on
the west and north-west, either because the river meandered or because the territory
spanned both banks. Near Lenon and within five miles from Paeimis (both in the
Western toparchy/4th pagus) [P.Oxy. 4739; cf. Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants
268 n. 186]. n P.Oxy. 970 the representative of an Antinoopolite owner of land in
Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) is from Pela. Across the canal from Ibion
Antilochou [P.Oslo 26] and Antipera Pela.
Position in official lists of villages: between Senekeleu and Leukiou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Senao and Paeimis [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Senokomis and Syron [P.Oxy.
1747]; between Isieion Tryphonos and Seryphis(?) [P.Oxy. 3462]; between Herakleion
and Senao [SB 16570]; between Syron and Taampemou [P.Graux 29]; beween Seryphis
and Lenon [SB 12108]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 4337]; confiscated [P.Oxy. 835, 4337]; catoecic [P.Ryl.
159, SB 12642]; private [P.Gen. 116 (implied by 1 artaba per aroura tax rate), P.Oxy.
4337 (sim.), PSI 1550 (sim.)]; abandoned (pareimene) [P.Col. 272]; sacred [P.Col. 272];
artificially irrigated (epentlemene) [P.Col. 272]; former vineland (chersampelos) [P.Gen.
116.25, P.Oxy. 506.25]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Gen. 116.37]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [BGU 1228, P.Gen. 116, P.Oxy. 506.545,
2474(?), 4337, P.Ryl. 159, PSI 1550]; acacia trees [P.Oxy. 4337]; wine [P.Gen. 116, PSI
292, SB 16824; cf. P.Oxy. 1672]; sesame-oil [P.Hib. 43]; barley [BGU 1228, P.Col. 286];
reeds [P.Gen. 116.11]
Associated kleroi: of Diokles and Ptolemaios [P.Oxy. 506]; of Sisines and Abdieus
[P.Oxy. 2474]; of Seuthes [P.Oxy. 4337]; of Krotos [P.Oxy. 4337]; of Diodoros son of
Demokrates [SB 12642]; of Leontiskos [BGU 1228]; of Eubios son of(?) Hip [P.Gen.
116.10]; of N.N. [P.Gen. 116.25]; of Ma [P.Gen. 116.34]; of Philon [PSI 1550]; of
Antiochos [P.Col. 272]
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) [P.Gen. 116.15, 19, 25, 34, 37, 39, P.Oxy. 506.29, SB 12108 (of
Apollophanes)]; irrigation work [P.Oxy. 3462(?), SB 12108]; private dike (idiotikon
choma) [P.Oxy. 4337]; other dike [P.Oxy. 4337]; gyes [P.Gen. 116.22, 24, 25, P.Oxy.
4337]; pleurismos [P.Gen. 116.32, P.Oxy. 4337 (see 1213 n.)]; mechane [P.Gen. 116.12]

268

Topographical features: granary [P.Kln 90, P.Oxy. 2872, 3910]; fish-traps(?)


(hypocheis) [P.Oxy. 3269]; sluice-gates (thyrai) (called of Tanyris) [P.Oxy. 3269]; oilpress (elaiourgeion) [P.Hib. 43]; gardens (paradeisoi) [SB 16824]
Animals: sheep and lambs [C.Pap.Jud. 482, P.Oxy. 245, 2850, P.Princ. 24, SB 10795];
goats and kids [C.Pap.Jud. 482, P.Oxy. 2850, P.Princ. 24, SB 10795]; oxen [P.Oxy. 3109
(requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns), SB 12156]; calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB
12156, 16570]; public donkeys (requisitioned for transport service in the Arsinoite
nome) [O.Fay. 26, 33, SB 1507]
Religion: temple of Apollo (= Horus) and other gods [P.Oxy. 3473 (see introd. for the
temples ground plan)]; priests (hiereis) [P.Oxy. 3473]; festival (heorte) [P.Oxy. 3473.26];
pastophoros [P.Oxy. 3473]; monastery [PSI 953]
Officials: archephodos [P.Oxy. 969, 1212, 3346]; sitologoi [P.Hib. 43, P.Kln 90, P.Oxy.
1447, 2591, 3905.33 (not certainly of Pela), 4589]; dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 2872]; komarchai
[P.Oxy. 3109]; field-guard (pediophylax) [P.Oxy. 3346]; presbyteroi [P.Col. 272, P.Oxy.
3462]; (office of) komogrammateus [P.Col. 272]
Occupations: shepherd [P.Oxy. 245, SB 10795 (minor/aphelix)]; georgos [P.Oxy. 740,
3473.334, PSI Congr. XXI 12]; female slave (doule) [P.Oxy. 1212]; potter (kerameus)
[P.Oxy. 1497]; fishermen [P.Oxy. 3269]; oil-maker (elaiourgos) [P.Hib. 43]; gardener
(kepouros) [P.Sarap. 79f]; estate pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1948 (Aphous)]
Military: soldier (stratiotes) from Pela [P.Princ. 61]
Noteworthy landowners: Titus Singonius Arrius Apollinarius alias Fronto [P.Oxy.
3109]; Marcus Salvius Iustus (confiscated estate) [P.Oxy. 4337]; Herodes son of Apion,
gymnasiarchos [P.Gen. 116]; Sarapion alias Alexandros, kosmetes [P.Gen. 116.22];
Calpurnius Petronianus [P.Gen. 116.30]; Sarapion, agoranomos [P.Gen. 116.31];
Septimius Epimachos, gymnasiarchos [P.Gen. 116]; Achilleus son of Apollonios, exegetes
[P.Gen. 116.35]; Apollophanes son of the gymnasiarchos Apollonios [PSI 1550];
Aurelius Achilles [P.Gen. 116; cf. Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 109]; heirs of
Aurelius Horion [P.Gen. 116]; Iulius Triadelphos [P.Gen. 116]; Flavia Kyria [P.Oxy.
1948 (see J. Gascou, CE 47 (1972) 257)]
Taxes and other imposts: poll-tax implied in P.Oxy. 245.19 and SB 10795.1516
(); telos probaton [P.Oxy. 245]; sitologikon, sitometrikon, phoretron
[P.Oxy. 740]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epiklasmoi [P.Oxy. 3169]; requisition of meat
[SB 12156, 16570]; apomoira [SB 16824]; annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]
Other: sale of wine in Pela is mentioned in P.Oxy. 1672. A skipper from Antinoopolis
resides in Pela [P.Oxy. 2347]. In P.Oxy. 3195 a man from Pela who had sustained
serious injuries is examined by the public doctors of Oxyrhynchus.

269

- Pelaitou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6456
P.Oxy. XII 1448.17
SB XVI 12516.45 ( )

after 324
late V?

Administrative subdivision: probably 8th pagus (see P.Oxy. 1448 introd.)


Position in official lists of villages: between Nemesionos and Strouthou [P.Oxy. 1448]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

- Pelous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6462
P.Oxy. XVI 2000.2

VI/VII

Relative location: perhaps in the Apionic prostasia of Hiereon [P.Oxy. 2000]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2000]

** ( ) - Pema( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6464
SB I 1945.25

V/VI

chorion(?)

See http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=865 (=
Memphite Hypsele). There is no reason to assign P.Ryl. II
379.20 (prov. unknown; 168/9) to the Oxyrhynchite, as
Pruneti, I centri s.v., tentatively does.

270

- Pempo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6467
P.Haun. III 63.25, 27
P.Oxy. XVI 1915.1, 15, 24
P.Mert. II 96.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2030.1
P.Sijp. 37.15
SPP X 215.16 (see ZPE 138 (2002) 150)

IV/V
c. 560
VI
late VI
VII/VIII
VII/VIII

epoikion
ktema

chorion
chorion

Relative location: perhaps near Meskanounios and Psaei [P.Mert. 96; cf. also P.Oxy.
2030: () ()]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1915]
Occupations: builders (oikodomoi) [P.Haun. 63]; ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: imperial estate managed by the Apiones [P.Oxy. 1915]

- Pera
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2876
PSI VIII 947.20
SB XVIII 13873.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.6, 21, 22, 23, 30, 31
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.8, 15
P.Oxy. XVI 2044.6
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.23

185/6
III
VI
VI
VI
late VI

ktema

Uncertain instance:
SB XVI 12731.6 ( [; provenance unknown)

II/III

ktema

Etymology: lit. the ktema (vel sim.) beyond, i.e. probably across a waterway.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2044]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2035]

271

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2034 (name unpreserved)]; hydroparochos [PSI


947]; phrontistes [SB 13873]; blacksmith (chalkeus) [SB 13873]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2034, 2035, 2044]

- Peran Balaneion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14182
P.CtYBR inv. 3570.12 ([] )
(see ZPE [forthcoming 2012])

VI

Etymology: hamlet (vel sim.) across from (the) baths.


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.CtYBR inv. 3570]

() - Pera Mermerthon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6490
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.8 ( )
P.Oxy. LXXVII 5123.8, 23 ( )

528/543/558
555

ktema
ktema

Relative location: as its name indicates, opposite Mermertha (Upper toparchy; 1st
pagus), probably across the canal of Apollophanes (see above s.v. and
P.Oxy. 5123.8 n.).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 5123]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: enapographoi georgoi [P.Oxy. 5123]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2244, 5123]

See BL VIII 240 under P.Oxy. VII 1052.26

272

See s.v.

- Peribleptou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10376
P.Hamb. inv. 533.1, 4 (APF 50 (2004) 166)
P.Lips. inv. 1354 (APF 56 (2010) 60)

473
474

Etymology: the hamlet (vel sim.) of (the) = vir spectabilis (man of the
second-highest senatorial rank).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Lips. inv. 1354 (see APF 56 (2010) 61, 2 n.)]
Animals: bulls [P.Lips. inv. 1354]
Occupations: pronoetes [P.Hamb. inv. 533; P.Lips. inv. 1354]; foreman (epikeimenos)
[P.Hamb. inv. 533]
Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Hamb. inv. 533; P.Lips. inv. 1354]

- Perouen
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6513
SB XVI 12732.12, 14, 20
P.Oxy. LXX 4773.12 n., 20 n.
P.Oxy. XVIII 2204.5 ([])
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.145 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2038.16
P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227) r.ii.1 (see Pap.Congr.
XXIV 41719)40

II/III
220/21 or 224
550/51 or 565/6
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII

ktema
ktema
ktema(?)
epoikion
ktema

Form: cf. the personal name in P.Oxy.Hels. 50.5 (III).

40

See also F. Mitthofs comments in APF 54.2 (2008) 281.

273

Relative location: mentioned alongside Orthoniou and Kalorias in P.Oxy. 2197. In the
same Apionic prostasia as Aspida, Kyamon, Phna and Spania (the latter in the territory
of the former Lower toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2204]
Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 2038]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2038]; wine [P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227),
P.Oxy. 2038, SB 12732]
Religion: deacon [P.Oxy. 2038]
Occupations: ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 2038, 4773, SB 12732]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2038];
Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2204 (Paulos)]; hydroparochoi [P.Oxy. 4773, SB 12732];
patetai [SB 12732]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Oxy. 4773]; Apion estate
[P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227), P.Oxy. 2038, 2197, 2204]

- Perothis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6524
P.Oxy. XVIII 2185.17, 20 (BL III 141)
BGU IV 1031.1213 (BL III 16; cf. also BL IV 6)

92
II

Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy


Relative location: apparently near Psobthis of the Eastern toparchy, with which it
shared a village scribe, and Pakerke [P.Oxy. 2185].
Categories of land: ousiake [P.Oxy. 2185]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 2185]

- Pesta
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6529
PSI VII 822.3
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).20, 21, 78

II
590

epoikion/ktema

274

P.Iand. VIII 155.1 (see ZPE 155 (2006) 226)

VII

Uncertain instance:
P.Stras. VIII 762.15 n.

late I BCE

Cf. also SPP VIII 1248.1 (provenance unknown; VII) with BL VIII 452.
Etymology: possibly P-t-n-Imn, the woods of Amun, a toponym occurring in
P.Wilbour (c. 1150 BCE); see Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 171.
Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Senokomis (Western toparchy),
Herakleion (Middle toparchy), Notines Paroriou and Taampemou (Eastern toparchy;
5th pagus) [P.Oxy. 2243(a)].
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Iand. 155, P.Oxy. 2243(a).29]; palm trees
[P.Oxy. 2243(a).27]
Topographical features: mill (mylaion) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).27]
Animals: pig [P.Oxy. 2243(a).28]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2243(a).78]; (Christian) priest [P.Iand. 155, P.Oxy. 2243(a).22,
23]
Occupations: boethos [P.Iand. 155]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2243(a).35 etc.]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]
Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).26]

- Pestetoe
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6534
PSI I 58.6

5668

epoikion/ktema

Etymology: perhaps *P-t(j)-T-i.t, the land(?) of the cow; see Vandorpe, Egyptische
geografische elementen 171.
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 58]

275

[ ]

See below s.v. 1) under P.Oxy. X 1285.51

- Petemouneos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6543
P.Oxy. X 1285.83
P.Oxy. VII 1052.18, 26

III
after 362

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Position in official lists of villages: between Syron and Seryphis, P(h)eretnouis and
Syron [P.Oxy. 1052]; last after Leukiou [P.Oxy. 1285]
Cultures/agricultural products: wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]

- Petenoureos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6544
P.Oxy. VIII 1123.56, 1112
P.Oxy. III 630.10 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 193f.)
P.Mich. XVIII 786.67, 70, 96
SB XXVI 16570.61 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
(cf. ZPE 170 (2009) 190)
P.Oxy. X 1285.119
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.6 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)

158/9
161
167
290

epoikion
epoikion

III
III

Uncertain instance:
SB XIV 11272.7 n. ([())

211

topoi

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy

276

Relative location: near Panechmothis (Middle toparchy) [P.Oxy. 1123, mentioning


public land []]
Position in official lists of villages: between Texei and Senepta [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Sento and Artapatou [SB 16570]; between Takolkeilis and Mastingophorou [Manchester
Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: public [P.Oxy. 1123]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [SB 11272(?)]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Mich. 786]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Petne
1) Upper toparchy:41
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6536
P.Oxy. X 1285.51 (edd.: [ ] ; restore []) III
PSI VIII 945.23
III
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.20
VI/VII
Uncertain instance:
PSI VI 700.2 ( [ ] [ ] [ ];
read []?)

III

epoikion

Position in official lists of villages: first before Thosbis [P.Oxy. 1285]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910]
Note: Petne in P.Oxy. 1910 is assigned to the former Upper toparchy as it is named with
(among others) Sinkepha (Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus). Some of the other Apionic
41

The existence of a village Petne in the Upper toparchy is now confirmed by a papyrus to be published in

The Oxyrhynchus Papyri.

277

instances of Petne below under 3 (P.Oxy. 1912, 2019, 2037) may refer to the same
village.
2) Middle toparchy/7th pagus(?):
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2877
P.Oxy. LXVII 4582.7 ( ) 16
P.Oxy. I 72.1213
90
SB XII 10791.2 = P.Oxy. III 595 descr.
156
P.Oxy. III 631.4 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 194f.)
158
P.Oxy. IV 734 .3
165
P.Mich. XVIII 786.27, 79
167
P.Lips. I 117.2 (; cf. BL VIII 172)
175/6
P.Oxy. I 88.4
179
P.Oxy. XII 1539.5
179/80
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.94, 97, 98, 100, 101, 1058,
c. 20012
110, 137
SB XXVI 16570.49 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
290
P.Oxy. X 1285.107
III
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.79, 103, 217
III
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.21
III
P.Oxy. VII 1052.2642
after 362
43
P.Mich. XX 816.33
c. 376/7
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr. (cf. P.Oxy. LV 3795.12 n.)
IV
P.Oxy. XII 1545.8 ()
IV

kome
topoi
topoi
topoi

topoi
topoi
kome

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.63 ( [(?); BL VIII 248)

21821

Administrative subdivision: for likelihood of membership in the 7th pagus, see P.Oxy.
LV 3795.12 n.
Arabic/modern counterpart: Itnih (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 88).
Relative location: Petne shares sitologoi with Kerkeura (Middle toparchy) [P.Oxy. 631]
and Tanais (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus[?]) [SB 10791], suggesting proximity between
these villages. Near Takolkeilis (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus) [P.Oxy. 734.3]. Near Toka
(Middle toparchy) [P.Oxy. 4582]. In P.Oxy. 72 an inhabitant of Senepta (Middle
toparchy) registers land in Petne.
42

Listed among villages of the former Middle and Western toparchies.

43

Probably the village of the former Middle toparchy given the mention of the hamlet Melanthiou in the

next line (also in the Middle toparchy).

278

Position in official lists of villages: between Toka and Istrou [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Nomou and Istrou [P.Wash.Univ. 81, SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: woad [P.Oxy. 1052]
Topographical features: vacant lot (psilos topos) in the southern part of the village
[P.Oxy. 72]; beehives (in the house of Diogenes) [P.Oxy. 4582]
Animals: bees [P.Oxy. 4582]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Lips. 117, P.Oxy. 88, 631, 1539, SB 10791]; praktores argyrikon and
their agent (cheiristes) [P.Oxy. 734]
Occupations: beekeepers (melissourgoi) [P.Oxy. 4582]
Taxes and other imposts: supply of meat, probably for military purposes [P.Oxy. 1545];
crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; syntaxis [P.Oxy. 3169]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
3) Uncertain toparchy:
P.Lips. I 113.6
P.Oxy. VI 932 .3
P.Wash.Univ. I 54.1, 6 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 190)
SB XVIII 13110.2
PSI XIII 1340.3, 26
P.Oxy. XVI 2043.8
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.98
P.Oxy. XVI 2019.31
P.Oxy. XVI 2037.33
SPP X 198.1

127
late II
IV/V
IV/V
420
V
before 566
VI
late VI
VII/VIII

<kome>
kome
kome
chorion
kome
kome

Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Papsau, Theou, Chenetorios,


Samakionos and Graeidos [P.Oxy. 1912]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2043]
Topographical features: bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 1912.102]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 1912.102]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912, 2019, 2037 (cf. above under 1
Note)]; heirs of Mousaios [P.Oxy. 2019]

279

( ) - Petrok( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6555
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.16
P.Col. X 284.3, 5
SB XXII 15769.4, 7 = P.Heid. V 344 (duplicate
of P.Col. 284)
P.Oslo III 119.2, 9
P.Oxy. XII 1448.11 (BL XI 150)
SB XVI 12646.3 n., 11

early IV
311
311

epoikion
epoikion/ktema
epoikion/ktema

319
after 324
326

epoikion

399/405/418

epoikion

epoikion

Uncertain instance:
P.Laur. IV 158.8 ([; BL IX 122)
Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus
Relative location: in the vicinity of Dositheou (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Col. 284,
P.Oxy. 3307.13, SB 15769]
Position in official lists of villages: between Geronta and Skytalitidos [P.Oxy. 1448];
between Krariou(?) and Skytalitidos [P.Oxy. 3307]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oslo 119]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Col. 284, P.Laur. 158, SB 15769]; palm trees
[P.Col. 284, SB 15769]; fruit trees [P.Col. 284, SB 15769]
Irrigation: mechanika organa [P.Col. 284, SB 15769]; irrigation work [P.Col. 284, SB
15769]
Animals: oxen [P.Col. 284, P.Laur. 158, SB 15769]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oslo 119, P.Oxy. 1448, SB 12646];
requisition of ropes [P.Oslo 119]

- Petroniou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6557
P.Oxy. XVI 2043.1

chorion

280

P.Oxy. XVI 2032.35


P.Iand. III 51.13
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.5

540/41
VI
VI
VI/VII

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Petronius.


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2043]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (N.N. son of(?) Olympios), 2032 (name
not preserved)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 2031, 2032, 2207]
Note: cf. also the place called (see below s.v. ,
).

- Petrodj
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2913
T.Varie 10.3

VII

kome

- Peleas
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6570
SB XXII 15366.1 = P.Lond. III 780 ()
= P.Oxy. I 205 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.36 (BL X 146)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.191, 192 (BL X 147)
P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.13

535
VI
VI
621

ktema

Relative location: Peleas shares an Apionic pronoetes with Leontos, which was probably
in the former Eastern toparchy (see s.v.) [SB 15366; cf. SB XXII 15367.1 (535)]. See also
Note below.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3960]

281

Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2197]


Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2197]; Apionic pronoetes [SB 15366 (Pamouthios)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197, SB 15366; in P.Oxy. 3960 the estate
purchases wine from inhabitants of this village]
Note: an individual from Peleas who had stolen cattle fled to Machausonos, a hamlet
dependent on the domus divina [P.Oxy. 2055].

- Peneb
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11688
P.Oxy. LXXI 4835.8, 25

574

epoikion

- Piaa
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6578
P.Oxy. XVI 1899.8, 28
P.Oxy. XIX 2244 margin (see 12 n.)
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.116
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.11
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.9
P.Sijp. 37.9

476
528/543/558
before 566
VI
late VI
VII/VIII

epoikion
epoikion

chorion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1899]


Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 1899 (called ), 2244 (called )]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1912]
Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Alexandros, vir gloriosissimus, strategos [P.Oxy. 1899 (cf.
PLRE II 59)]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912, 2207, 2244, P.Wash.Univ. 84]

282

- Pilasienous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6661
PSI I 62.10. 28

613

epoikion

Relative location: a person from Pilasienous gives surety for an enapographos georgos
from Aktouariou, perhaps indicating proximity between the two settlements [PSI 62].
Noteworthy landowners: PSI 62 does not necessarily imply that the settlement was part
of the Apion estate.

- Pimpasi
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2915
P.Oxy. LVII 3911.10
P.Kln I 55.2

199
23844?

kome

133

kome

Uncertain instance:
P.Kln II 100.2, [33] = SB X 10756 ( [; see n.)

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 3911]; chlora [P.Oxy. 3911]


Associated kleroi: of Charidemos(?) [P.Oxy. 3911.11 n.]
Animals: ox [P.Kln 55]

- Pinarachthis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2881
P.Ross.Georg. III 17.2
P.Oxy. XVI 1862.62
P.Oxy. XVI 1863.6, 24

VI/VII
c. 624?
624?

283

Uncertain instances (the Oxyrhynchite provenance of the following documents is


uncertain):
P.Ross.Georg. V 23 introd.
BGU I 103.12 = W.Chr. 134 (BL IX 16)

III
VI/VII

Etymology: *P-.wj-n-r-.tj, The village of Harachthis (Vandorpe, Egyptische


geografische elementen 39).
Topographical features: post station (allage) [P.Oxy. 1862 (BL VII 141), 1863]
Animals: saddle-horses [P.Oxy. 1862]
Religion: monastery [BGU 103]
Officials: meizon [BGU 103]
Occupations: grooms (hippokomoi) [P.Oxy. 1863]; sellariotes [P.Oxy. 1862, 1863]

- Pinaua
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6672
P.Oxy. XXIV 2411.9

c. 173/4

Etymology: *P-.wj-n-?, The village of (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen


39).

- Pinyris
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6682
P.Mich. XX 809.37
P.Wash.Univ. II 92.2
P.CtYBR inv. 754.ii.2 (ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
P.Oxy. XVI 1853.1
P.Oxy. XVI 1855.8, 14, 16

372
IV/V
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII

kome
[kome (2)]

Uncertain instance:

284

P.Oxy. LVI 3868.2021 n. (< >?)

VI

Etymology: possibly *P-.wj-n-r, The village of Horus (Vandorpe, Egyptische


geografische elementen 40); but cf. also the personal name = P-iwiw-n-r, the
hound of Horus.
Administrative subdivision: 5th pagus [P.Mich. 809]
Relative location: the villagers of Thomoinepsobthis (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) attack
Pinyris during a feast and steal money from the villages estate overseer, suggesting that
the two villages were very close neighbours [P.Oxy. 1853].
Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 1855]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1853 (unnamed)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1853, 1855; P.CtYBR inv. 754(?)]; Fl.
Phoibammon(?) [P.Oxy. 3868]

- Piouleos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6684
PSI Congr. XVII 18(a).9 (( ); cf. n. ad loc.) IV
P.Harr. I 163.6 (BL XI 92)
VI

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine(?) [PSI Congr. XVII 18(a)]

- Pioose
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11689
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.3

late VI

285

() - Plakitou/Plakiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6747
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.26 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.6 ()

VI/VII
VI/VII

ktema
epoikion

Relative location: apparently in the same Apionic prostasia as Leonidou (in the area of
the 7th pagus) [P.Oxy. 1910]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1910 (Ioannes)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910, 2025]

- Plantiados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9618
P.Oxy. LV 3795.10

early IV

epoikion

Administrative subdivision: 6th pagus

- Pleein
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6758
P.Wash.Univ. I 54.3 (BL IX 373)
P.Oxy. LV 3805.51
P.Oxy. XVI 2028.4, 11, 16
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.19, 24
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.5, 34
P.Oxy. LXVI 4536.15, 38

IV/V
after 566
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
612

kome
kome
kome
kome

Delendum: P.Oxy. XVI 2018.20; see BL XI 157.


Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Leonidou (area of the 7th pagus)
[P.Oxy. 1910]

286

Cultures/agricultural products: achyron [P.Oxy. 3805]


Irrigation: mechane [cf. P.Oxy. 4536.2021 and Note below]
Animals: cattle (boidia) [P.Oxy. 4536]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes
(protophylakes) [P.Oxy. 4536]

[P.Oxy.

1910

(Ioannes)];

head-watchmen

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910, 2025, 2028, 2244, 3805, 4536
(pagarchoumene by the Apiones)]
Note: cf. the mechane called in P.Oxy. XIX 2244.56 (528/543/558). In P.Oxy.
2028 the village contributes money for the stables at Takona (a village in the former
Lower toparchy).

- Plelo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2883
SB XXVI 16570.65 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XVII 2142.4
P.Oxy. X 1285.111
P.Oxy. XIV 1748.8
SB XIV 11605.10
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.1 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. LV 3795.12
P.Oxy. I 102.8 (BL I 315)
P.Wisc. I 28.2
SB XII 10800.7
P.Oxy. XLVII 3358.11
P.Mich. XI 611.8
P.Gen. IV 183.7
P.Wash.Univ. II 102.5

290
c. 293
III
III
III
III
early IV
306
321
later IV
IV
412
V
V/VI

epoikion

epoikion

<kome>
kome
epoikion
epoikion

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 6th pagus


Relative location: near Sento (Middle toparchy; 6th pagus[?]) and the epoikion [ ]
[] [P.Oxy. 102]. A farmer from Knapheon takes under lease land in
Plelo [P.Mich. 611].

287

Position in official lists of villages: between Artapatou and Nemeron [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Texei and Toka [SB 16570]; before Artapatou [Manchester Museum inv.
10893]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Mich. 611]; barley [P.Mich. 611]; lachanon
[P.Mich. 611]; chortos [P.Mich. 611]; flax [P.Oxy. 102]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 102]; mechane [P.Mich. 611, P.Oxy. 102]; irrigation
work [P.Mich. 611.20]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 1748]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: boundary inspector (horiodeiktes) [P.Gen. 183.15 (not certainly of Plelo)]
Occupations: donkey-drivers [P.Oxy. 1748]; ergates [P.Wash.Univ. 102]
Noteworthy landowners: heirs of Phoibammon, vir clarissimus and formerly dux
[P.Mich. 611]; Apion estate [P.Wash.Univ. 102]
Taxes and other imposts: annona militaris [P.Oxy. 2142]; kommodion (gratuity for
officials) [P.Oxy. 3358]; anabolikon [P.Wisc. 28]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: two fugitive thieves from this village are the subject of the petition P.Gen. 183.

- Pleroutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6760
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2795.5

250

epoikion

Relative location: in P.Oxy. 2795 an inhabitant of this village takes under lease land
around Thosbis (Upper toparchy).

** (?) - Pmocheios Gole(?)


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6784
P.Laur. II 47.4

early VII

288

- Polemou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10039
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.16

IV

epoikion

Administrative subdivision: perhaps in the 1st pagus (cf. P.Oxy. 4342.i.4)


Irrigation: work on dikes [P.Oxy. 4342]
Editors note: hardly likely to be the same as .

- Polemonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1879
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.40
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).77, 80
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.9
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.15
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.15

540/41
590
VI
VI
VI/VII

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2243(a).77]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (Apollos), 2032 (Kyriakos)]; brickmakers
(plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 2243(a).80]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

- Pompano
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3035
P.Prag. I 15.5, 16.4
P.Wisc. II 75.9
P.Oxy. XVI 1897.5, 6 ()

353
IV
VI/VII

kome
kome

289

P.Oxy. XVI 2025.13 ()

VI/VII

kome

Administrative subdivision: part of the Upper Cynopolite nome in 353 (P.Prag. 15, 16);
cf. Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 160.
Relative location: P.Oxy. 1897 seems to imply a dispute between Popmano and Pakerke
(probably that of the Eastern toparchy), suggesting proximity between the two villages.
P.Oxy. 2025 specifies that Pompano is (Eastern toparchy).
Officials: komarchai [P.Prag. 15, 16]; sitologoi [P.Prag. 15, 16]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1897, 2025]

( )- Posompous (Aristomachou)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2660
P.Wisc. I 13.5, 1011 ( )
P.Kln II 100.10, 22 = SB X 10756 (. .)
P.Oxy. LIX 3989.10
O.Ashm.Shelt. 50.10
P.Mich. X 602.910 ([]; BL VII 115)
P.Haun. II 37.3
P.Oxy. X 1285.85 ()
P.Oxy. XIV 1688.10 ( )
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.10
SB XXVI 16570.38 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
(; but cf. BL VII 150)
P.Oxy. LV 3787.47 ([][)
P.Oxy. LIX 3983.9, 13, 19
P.Oxy. XLIII 3122.5, 6
P.Oxy. LXII 4344.6, 24
P.Mich. XX 809.33
SB XIV 11638.5 ([)
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.4, 13 ()
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.30 ()
P.Iand. II 20.5, 8

early II
133
II
II/III
early III
III
III
III
III
290

P.Oxy. LVIII 3960.15 ()

621

c. 31320?
314
322
342
372
IV
VI
VI
VI or VII

kome
kome
kome
<kome>

kome
(BL VI 56)

290

Form: The genitive implies that is not a diphthong, but the declension
seems to vary (P.Oxy. 3989.10 n.).
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1688 three individuals from Phoboou (Eastern toparchy; 5th
pagus) are lessees of land in Posompous, suggesting close proximity between the two
villages. Posompous and Phoboou also appear to have shared komarchai [P.Oxy. 3983;
cf. P.Oxy. 3982.3].
Position in official lists of villages: first before Adaiou [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Taampemou and Phoboou [SB 16570]; first before Sarapionos Chairemonos
[P.Wash.Univ. 81]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Kln 100.22]; wine [P.Oxy. 3960]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 3989]; season of the water control (hydrophylakia)
[P.Oxy. 3989]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]
Officials: presbyteroi [P.Mich. 809]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3983, 4344]; tesserarius [P.Oxy.
4344]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 4344]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2034 (name unpreserved)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2034, 2207; in P.Oxy. 3960 the estate
purchases wine from inhabitants of this village]
Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]
Other: tow (stippion) [P.Oxy. 3983]

** - Pouliou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6855
SB I 1945.26

V/VI

chorion(?)

291

- Poynis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6991
P.Princ. II 42.3, 4 (), 18 (())
(BL VIII 283, IX 219)
P.NYU II 52.23 ((); see P.Oxy. 4889.16 n.)
PSI IV 315.8 (; BL IX 313)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.16 ()

92/3
early II
136/7
176/7

Administrative subdivision: probably in the Upper toparchy (see Relative location)


Relative location: near Athychis (Upper toparchy) [P.Oxy. 4889.16 n.]. Its position in
the south of the nome is reinforced by PSI 315, in which a farmer from the Hermopolite
village of Sinageris takes under lease land in Poynis.
Categories of land: royal [P.Princ. 42.4]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 315]; chlora [PSI 315]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [PSI 315]
Associated kleroi: of Hippalos [PSI 315]
Noteworthy landowners: Theon alias Anthos son of Ammonianos, ex-gymnasiarchos
and ex-agoranomos of Alexandria [PSI 315]

- Pouchis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6862
P.Oxy. VI 966 descr.

III

Uncertain instance: see below s.v. [ ] under Note


Cultures/agricultural products: lentils [P.Oxy. 966]; lachanon [P.Oxy. 966]

292

[ ] - Pou[.]eo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6854
P.Oxy. X 1285.[12], 105

III

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Position in official lists of villages: between Tholthis and Toka [P.Oxy. 1285]
Editors note ad loc.: perhaps []<> ..., but the absence of the final is curious
(P.Oxy. 1285.105 n.).

[ ] - Pou[..]n
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6856
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.212

VI

ktema

Occupations: ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 2197]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197]

- Prampise
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6872
SPP XX 206.4

VII

chorion

[ - Premenous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9628
SB XVI 13035.55 = P.Bon. 39

341

epoikion

293

= [

See BL VIII 355 under SB VIII 9829.67 and ZPE 170


(2009) 190, and cf. above s.v.

( ) - Proastion (Exo Tes Pyles)


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6882
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.34 (cf. alone:
1, 7, 16, 19, 20, 21, 45, 50,
63, 68)
PSI III 193.2 ( )
P.Oxy. LV 3804.269 ( alone)
P.Oxy. LV 3805.70 ( alone)
P.Oxy. VI 915.2
P.Wisc. II 66.2 ( )
P.Princ. III 158.4
PSI VIII 955.2, 17
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4704.3 ( alone)
P.Oxy. XVI 1925.1, 42 (BL VI 104), 44
(44: )

c. 555?

565
566
after 566
572
584
VI
VI
626
VII

chorion

chorion

Etymology: lit. Suburb outside the gate.


Categories of land: autourgia [P.Oxy. 3804]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1913, 4704 (neophyta choria)]; vegetables
[P.Oxy. 1913.17, 68]; chortos [P.Oxy. 1913.3]
Irrigation: mechanai [P.Oxy. 1913.1, 1617, 19, 21, 22]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 1913.18];
irrigation work with the help of animals [P.Oxy. 1913.15, 3804]; irrigation work by
potamitai [P.Oxy. 4704]
Topographical features: bath [P.Oxy. 915, PSI 955, P.Wisc. 66]; orchards (pomaria)
[P.Oxy. 1913.4, 7, 16, 21, 49, 68]; vegetable gardens [P.Oxy. 1913.17 (lachania), 68
(kepia)]

294

Animals: oxen [P.Oxy. 1913.5 (boiidia), 3804 (bulls, heifers)]; unspecified ktene
(donkeys?) [P.Oxy. 1913.4]; donkey [P.Oxy. 3804]
Occupations: ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1913.34]; symmachos [P.Oxy. 1925]; georgoi [P.Oxy.
1913.3, 20, 3805 (engaged in hunting or fishing)]; pomaritai [P.Oxy. 1913.7]; fieldguards (agrophylakes) [P.Oxy. 1913.16]; potter (chloubokerameus) [P.Oxy. 1913.21];
blacksmith (chalkeus) [P.Oxy. 1913.19]; brickmaker (plintheutes) [P.Oxy. 1913.45, 63];
carpenter (tekton) [P.Oxy. 1913.23]; canal workers (potamitai) [P.Oxy. 4704]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]
Note: the ( ) was the principal residential complex and
administrative centre of the Apion estate in Oxyrhynchus, situated, as its name
indicates, outside one of the citys gates and surrounded by some lands belonging to the
estate. P.Oxy. 1925 is a list of furniture from this complex, including one wooden
ladder from the village [i.e. the proastion] to the circus (P.Oxy. LVIII 3941.19 n.). For
an overview of this locality, see Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 846, and for the
meaning of the term proastion, see G. Husson, Rech. de. Pap. 4 (1967) 1926. In P.Oxy.
4704 the Apionic pronoetes of Partheniados is in charge of payments to canal labourers
working in the . In P.Oxy. LVIII 3941.19, 21 (604/5) a man is described as
proastites.

- Prychtheos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6894
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.58
P.Oxy. LVI 3869.2

c. 555?
VI/VII

Religion: monks [P.Oxy. 1913]

- Ptel
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6916
SB XXIV 16275.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2042.6
P.Oxy. L 3585.4
SB XII 10808.3

V
V
mid-V
VII

epoikion
epoikion

295

Categories of land: former vineland (chersos) [P.Oxy. 3585]


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2042]
Religion: (Christian) priest [SB 16275]
Occupations: georgos and irrigator (hydroparochos) [P.Oxy. 3585]; oil-maker
(elaiourgos) [SB 10808]
Noteworthy landowners: estate of empress Aelia Eudokia, wife of Theodosios II
(administered by Strategios I, ancestor of the Apion family) [P.Oxy. 3585]
Other: tow [SB 16275]

[ - Ptolema[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6932
P.Oxy. XIX 2233.8 (cf. BL X 147)

350

epoikion

Note: probably either or (see below s.vv.). Inhabitants of this


village are attacked by people from Tychinphagon (former Lower toparchy) [P.Oxy.
2233].

- Ptolema
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6932
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
SB XIV 12130.33.
P.Oxy. LVIII 3952.18

III/IV
V/VI
610

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Relative location: coupled with Tantape, with which it formed an Apionic prostasia
(Nikes and Serenou were perhaps also part of this district) [P.Oxy. 3952]
Topographical features: workshop (ergasterion) [P.Oxy. 989]

296

Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3952 (Phoibammon, also a priest)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3952]

- Ptolemaidos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5260
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.77, 90
PSI VIII 954.43, 55

576/7?
VI

ktema
epoikion/ktema

Uncertain instance: Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987) 171, suggests that Ptlmjs in O.Pisa 567
is a place name, perhaps identifiable with Ptolemaidos.
Etymology: < Greek personal name .
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Skytalitidos (8th pagus),
Chrysochoou and Mikras Paroriou [PSI 954]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 954.48]
Religion: priest [PSI 954.45]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2195.90 (anonymous)]; phrontistes [PSI
954.44]; georgoi [PSI 954 (koinon)]; agrophylakes [PSI 954]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195, PSI 954]

See s.v. /

See s.v.

297

- Pyxinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11690
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4964.3

IV

epoikion

Etymology: perhaps from the adjective , made of boxwood, which occurs in


several papyri (n. ad loc.).
Occupations: ergatai (requisitioned for work in Alexandria) [P.Oxy. 4964]

** - Pyrgos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6972
P.Oxy. XVI 2024.7

late VI

Uncertain instance (the provenance of the following document is unknown):


P.Lond. III 1323 verso p. 252 ( )

VII

Etymology: vielleicht nach einem Turm benannt (Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der


Kaiserzeit 294)
Relative location: probably near or within Nesos Leukadiou [P.Oxy. 2024]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2024]

( )

See BL IX 219 under P.Princ. II 42.19 and cf. above s.v.

See s.v.

298

()

See s.v.

299


, - Rhymes, Mikras
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5762
P.Oxy. XVI 2020.33
P.Laur. II 47.3

c. 56788
early VII

Etymology: nach einer kleinen Strae benannt (Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit
294)
Relative location: named together with Tkout [P.Oxy. 2020]
Taxes and other imposts: arkarika [P.Oxy. 2020]

** - Rhymou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7016
SB I 1973.7

chorion

300


[ - S.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2644
SB XVI 13035.72 = P.Bon. 39(c)r.7

341

Note: possibly [ (n. ad loc.); cf. below, s.v. .

| [ - S..[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7021
SB XX 14300.8 = PSI IV 300

324

kome

Topographical features: pottery workshop (kerameion) [SB 14300]

[ ] - S[..].aei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7029
P.Oxy. I 102.9 (BL VIII 232)

306

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: flax [P.Oxy. 102]


Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 102]; mechane [P.Oxy. 102]

* [ ] - S[....]o
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11691
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4962.4

III

<kome>

301

Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 4962]


Editors note ad loc.: [ ] could be a number of villages in the Oxyrhynchite nome,
and being the best suited to the available space, but it is of course not
certain that the office [of village scribe mentioned in the letter] was to be held in an
Oxyrhynchite village.

* - Saapretou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7022
PSI VII 775.2

after 272

kome

- Sadalou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7027
P.Oxy. X 1285.59
PSI VIII 945.20 ()
SB XIV 12108.14
P.Oxy. VI 895 introd.
P.Oxy. LV 3795.22
P.Oxy. XII 1426.6
P.Oxy. LX 4089.19, 46
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3406.2
CPR VII 24r.6

III
III
III/IV
early IV?
early IV
332
351
IV
V/VI

epoikion

Etymology: perhaps named after the early Ptolemaic eponymous cavalry officer Sadalas
(a Thracian name), on whom see Pros. Ptol. VIII 2023a; cf. also Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome 190.
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Istal (suggested by J.R. Rea apud Rowlandson, Landowners
and Tenants 12 with n. 21)

302

Relative location: perhaps near Nigrou (Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus), since P.Oxy. 1426
implies that a requisition of a workman was made upon both villages jointly. Orders to
deliver some items to a boat in P.Oxy. 3406 may suggest proximity to a waterway.
Position in official lists of villages: between Athychis and Xenarchou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Sinkepha and Mermertha [SB 12108]
Cultures/agricultural products: honey [P.Oxy. 3406]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3406]; lentils
[P.Oxy. 3406]; wine [P.Oxy. 3406 (cf. 56 )]; wool [P.Oxy. 3406]
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Officials: komarches [P.Oxy. 1426]
Occupations: ergates (requisitioned to work on Trajans Canal) [P.Oxy. 1426]; estate
pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3406]
Noteworthy landowners: Klematia [P.Oxy. 3406]
Taxes and other imposts: grain collected from Sadalou by the epimeletes of the military
camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]
Note: see also below s.v.

- Sakkou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11692
P.Mich. inv. 4004.iv.5 (see BASP 46 (2009) 45)
SB XVIII 13127.14 (see P.Sijp. 37.14 n.)
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.8
P.Sijp. 37.14

c. 36080
V/VI
late VI
VII/VIII

epoikion
epoikion
chorion

Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]


Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Mich. inv. 4004]

303

- Saloniou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7045
P.Oxy. XVI 1917.92

616/17?

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Salonius.

- Samakionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7049
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.82, 118, 131

before 566

epoikion

Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Papsau, Theou, Chenetorios,


Graeidos and Petne [P.Oxy. 1912]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1912]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1912.118]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 1912]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1912]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912]

[ - Sara[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10226
SB XIV 11265.6

II/III

Officials: sitologos [SB 11265]

- Sarapa
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7061

304

P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.20


P.Oxy. XII 1448.13

early IV
after 324

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus
Relative location: in the vicinity of Dositheou (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy.
3307.13]
Position in official lists of villages: between Skytalitidos and Naail [P.Oxy. 1448]; last
after Skytalitidos [P.Oxy. 3307]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

() - Sarap(i)eion
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3390
P.Oxy. LV 3787.30
SB XIV 12130.12, 18

31320?
V/VI

epoikion

Etymology: The place presumably takes its name from a shrine of Sarapis, i.e.
= (P.Oxy. 3787.30 n.).
Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]; see also above under Etymology.
Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

See s.v.

- Sarapionos Chairemonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2888

305

P.Diog. 46.7
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.51 (() .)
P.Erl. 96.1, 4
P.Oxy. L 3589.23 ( . . .)
SB XXVI 16570.42 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.93
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.11
P.IFAO III 49.45
PSI V 449.6, 12
P.Harr. II 213.56
P.Oxy. LIX 3984.56
P.Oxy. VIII 1137.1 ( )
P.Oxy. XVI 1992.16, [24]
P.Oxy. XVI 1894.13

156/179/211
165
II
II
290
III
III
early IV
c. 312
323/4?
340
562/3
572
573

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion

<epoikion>
epoikion
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

Uncertain instance: P.NYU II 33 (II) is a fragment of an account with an entry


beginning [ (5). The nominative inclines the editors to consider
this a personal name with patronymic rather than the Oxyrhynchite village. Cf. also the
possible place name Srpjn(?) in Os Pisa 2 B.ii.1718, which Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987)
170, identifies with Sarapionos Chairemonos.
Etymology: lit. hamlet/village of Sarapion son of Chairemon.
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1137 a boethos from Sarapionos Chairemonos collects a tax
payment from the ktema Akoutou, suggesting proximity between the two places. In
P.Oxy. 3589 the village is said to be near Senepsau (Western toparchy), so that it must
have been close to the border of the Eastern and Western toparchies. In the same
papyrus a villager from Sarapionos Chairemonos takes under lease land in Kerkethonis
(toparchy unknown).
Position in official lists of villages: between Lile and Psobthis [P.Oxy. 1285]; last after
Ophis [SB 16570]; between Posompous and Thmoinepsobthis [P.Wash.Univ. 81]; first
before Ophis [P.IFAO III 49]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: komarchai [P.Harr. 213]; tesserarius [P.Harr. 213]; boethos [P.Oxy. 1137];
meizon (but not necessarily of this village) [P.Oxy. 1137]; scribe (grammateus) (not
necessarily of this village) [P.Oxy. 1137]
Occupations: pronoetes of ecclesiastic estate with clerk (misthios) [P.Oxy. 1894];
donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; georgoi [PSI 449]

306

Noteworthy landowners: the oikos of Antinoopolis [PSI 449]; (episcopal) church


[P.Oxy. 1894]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Saratap
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7066
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.14

VI/VII

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1908 (anonymous)]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1908]

See s.v.

- Sasou Kato
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7073
P.Oxy. LXII 4350.8, 21
P.Oxy. XVI 1917.97, 99, 103, 116, 120
( )
P.Oxy. XVI 2033.2, 3, 7 ( )

576
616/17

epoikion
epoikion

VII

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1917]


Topographical features: bakery (artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 1917.97, 118]; orchard
(pomarion) [P.Oxy. 1917.99]; small vegetable garden (kepolachania) [P.Oxy. 1917.117]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 1917.116]
Officials: meizon [P.Oxy. 2033]; grammateus [P.Oxy. 1917.120, 4350]
Occupations: field-guards (agrophylakes) [P.Oxy. 2033]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 4350];
enapographoi georgoi [P.Oxy. 4350]

307

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1917, 2033(?), 4350]

- Satyrou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3195
C.Pap.Jud. III 482.18 = P.Oxy. II 353 descr.
P.Oxy. LXXII 4860.8
P.Oxy. XLI 2974.12
P.Oxy. LX 4062.78 (see introd.)
PSI XII 1263.17 = SB V 7816
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.57
BGU XIII 2234.ii.10
P.Oxy. XVII 2125.17
P.Oxy. XLII 3046.31
P.Oxy. XLII 3048.18, 21
P.Kln IX 381.5
SB XXVI 16570.29 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
O.Heid. 394.7
P.Graux II 29.6
P.Oxy. X 1285.95
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3410.20, 21
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3408.26
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3423.12, 18
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).49, 50
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.13

27
122
162
c. 163
166/7
21821
219
225
244/5
246
c. 260?
290
III
III
III
c. 37585
IV
IV
590
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
epoikion
<epoikion>

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy
Relative location: On the Nile [P.Oxy. 2125]. Pompano (part of the Upper Cynopolite
nome in 353) was in the vicinity of Satyrou [P.Oxy. 2025]. In P.Oxy. 2974 a man from
Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) takes under lease land around Satyrou,
possibly implying proximity between the two villages. Named together with Kynopolis
in P.Oxy. 3410, and together with Taampemou and Kynopolis in P.Oxy. 3423 (cf. also
BGU 2234, where a woman from Euergetis = Kynopolis declares uninundated land that
she owns around Satyrou). In P.Oxy. 2125 wheat from the granary of Sko (Upper
toparchy) is embarked at the harbour of Satyrou. Perhaps near Pakerke (Eastern
toparchy) and Menekratous [P.Oxy. 3046].

308

Position in official lists of villages: between Psobthis and Th (Thmoinepsobthis?)


[P.Oxy. 1285]; first before Tychinnekotis [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Phthochis and
Thmoinepsobthis [SB 16570]; between Taampemou and Ophis [P.Graux 29]
Categories of land: private [BGU 2234 (monartabos)]; uninundated (abrochos) [BGU
2234]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [P.Oxy. 2974]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3048, 3410, 3423]
Associated kleroi: of Alexandros [P.Oxy. 3046]; of Alexandros and Charidemos [BGU
2234]
Topographical features: harbour [P.Oxy. 2125]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 2243(a), 3048]; pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3048]; phrontistes
[P.Oxy. 3048]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 3048]; shepherd [C.Pap.Jud. 482]
Noteworthy landowners: Didymos son of Theon, ex-gymnasiarchos [P.Oxy. 2974];
Aurelius Sarapion son of Herakleides alias Panares, ex-agoranomos of Antinoopolis
[P.Oxy. 3046]; Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3048]; Apion estate [P.Oxy.
2025, 2243(a)]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; taxes owing to the office of the
katholikos [P.Oxy. 3423]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]; annona militaris(?) [P.Graux
29]

( ) - Se.( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2891
P.Oxy. XLI 2967.11 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 189)

154

[topoi]

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 2967]
Note: given its association with sitologoi, the village is probably either Senepta or Sento;
see ZPE 170 (2009) 189.

309

- Sekoundou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10404
P.Oxy. LXX 4802.7

early VII

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Secundus.


Relative location: probably near Episemou (Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus) (cf. P.Oxy.
4802.2, 9).
Occupations: guard (phylax) [P.Oxy. 4802]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 4802]

[ - Sen[
1) P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.262, 267, 273 (cf. BL VII 157) c. 20012
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13595
2) SB XIV 11403.ii.5 = BGU XI 2126

232/3

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7111
3) P.Oxy. VI 907.10

276

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10227
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 907]

( )

See P.Oxy. LXXII 4872.10 n. on P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2867.10


and cf. below s.v.

310

* - Sen.nes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7130
P.Stras. V 375.5

late II

- Senao
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2889
P.Mnch. III 61.25
P.Oxy. X 1279.9
P.Oxy. LXVII 4589.11
P.Fuad Univ. 32.18, 21
SB XIV 12139 recto (cf. ZPE 27 (1977) 125)
P.Oxy. XII 1584.3
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.68, 118, 188, 193, 201, 203
SB XVI 13063.7
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.39
P.Oxy. LXVII 4594.5, 7, 18
P.Oxy. XIX 2228.45
SB XXVI 16570.21 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
SB XIV 12181.6, 28
P.Warr. 18.6
P.Oxy. VI 938.3

II BCE (2nd half)


139
168/9
II
II
II
c. 20012
21269
21821
c. 228
283 or 285
290
III
III
III/IV

<kome>
kome

kome

<kome>

Uncertain instances:
P.NYU II 8v.2 (())
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4962.4 n.

II
III

<kome>

Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy


Arabic/modern counterpart: Dans sa carte du nome Oxyrhynchite (dpose lInstitut
de Papyrologie de la Sorbonne), J. Yoyotte se demande si Sena ne pourrait tre
identifie avec lactuel Sla, entre Pela et Sadalou (G. Wagner, Les oasis dgypte
lpoque grecque, romaine et byzantine daprs les documents grecs (Cairo 1987) 201 n.
6). It is unclear to me whether by Sla Yoyotte refers to Seila al-gharbiya or Seila alsharqiya (both situated between Pela = Billa al-Mustagidda and Sadalou = Istal). For a
doubtful identification with Kom Tunaida, see Goma et al., Mittelgypten 98.
Relative location: the epoikion Annianou was in the vicinity of Senao [P.Oxy. 2228].

311

Position in official lists of villages: between Syron and Pela [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Pela
and Mouchinaxap [SB 16570]
Categories of land: hypologos [P.Oxy. 1279]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 4594]
Associated kleroi: of Herakleides and Herakleides [P.Oxy. 1279]
Irrigation: irrigation with the help of oxen [implied by P.Oxy. 938]; public dike
(demosion choma) [P.Oxy. 1279]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 4594]
Animals: oxen (ktene) [P.Oxy. 938]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: epiteretai [P.Oxy. 3169.202]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 4589, SB 12139 recto (cf. ZPE 27
(1977) 125)]
Occupations: georgos [P.NYU II 8]
Taxes and other imposts: pasturage tax ( ) [P.Oxy. 1279]; crown-tax
[P.Oxy. 1659]; epiklasmoi [P.Oxy. 3169]; syntaxis [P.Oxy. 3169]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]
Note: Senao in P.Harr. I 147.5 (129) is distinct and belongs to the Small Oasis; see
Wagner, Les oasis dgypte 2012.

- Senekeleu
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2890
P.Oxy. XLIX 3508.30
SB XIV 11283.6
P.Oxy. LVII 3903.7, 3904.5
P.Oxy. III 482.56 (BL VIII 2356)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4864.89 ()
P.Lips. II 140.2
P.Oxy. LXXII 4881.4
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.11 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
PSI X 1119.23, 28, 45
P.Oxy. LXXII 4885.2, 8

70
71
99
109
122
133
147
c. 152
156
164

kome
kome
kome

topoi
kome
topoi

312

PSI V 473.10
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.10 (BL VIII 241)
PSI XIV 1409.13, 1516
P.Fuad Univ. 32.19
P.Oxy. VI 979.5 (see ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
P.Oxy. IV 740.26
P.Oxy. VI 899.7
P.Oxy. XLIX 3475.19, 24
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.36
P.Oxy. LXVII 4590.3, 4
P.Oxy. L 3564.5
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.7
P.Mich. III 213.15
P.Oxy. X 1285.80
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170 introd.
SB XIV 12108.24
P.Fuad Univ. 28.7
P.Oxy. LV 3787.38
P.Oxy. LXIV 4441.ii.8 ()
P.Oxy. LI 3621.7
P.Harr. II 218.4
P.Oxy. VII 1052.3, 11, 22
SB XIV 12130.35
SB XX 15138.11

173
188
1957
II
II/III
c. 200
200
220
21821
231
235
2536
III
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
c. 31320?
316
329
350
after 362
V/VI
581

topoi
kome

kome
kome
kome

kome

Uncertain instance:
O.Pisa 450.i.4 (N-ql; see Enchoria 15 (1987)
1738)

Etymology: *(T-)s.t-n-ql.w(?) (see Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987) 177)


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 3rd pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: perhaps Saqula (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 99), 5 km
north of al-Bahnasa/Oxyrhynchus and on the east bank of the Bahr Yusuf. Note,
however, that the close association of Senekeleu with Seryphis (= Aruba) and its
position in the southern section of the Western toparchy (see below under Relative
location) do not match well the identification with Saqula.
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1112 acacia trees near Senekeleu are designated by the
komogrammateus of Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) for purchase, suggesting
proximity between the two villages (these villages also occur together in P.Oxy. 3475). In
P.Oxy. 3475 Senekeleu is subsumed under the southern section ( ) of the
Western toparchy. Perhaps near Kerkethyris (Western toparchy) [P.Oxy. 39034]. The

313

epoikia Hemiobelitou [P.Oxy. 4441] and Isidorou [P.Oxy. 3787 with 39 n.] were in the
vicinity of Senekeleu.
Position in official lists of villages: between Seryphis and Mouchinaxap [P.Oxy. 1052];
between Mouchinaxap and Pela [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Kerkethyris and Senokomis
[P.Oxy. 1659]; last after Paeimis [SB 12108]
Cultures/agricultural products: acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1112]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3508]; wine
[PSI 1119, SB 15138]; balsam, wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]
Associated kleroi: of Sosos and Agathon [P.Oxy. 3508]; of Aristoteles(?) [P.Oxy. 3508
with BL VIII 271, PSI 473 (see ZPE 173 (2010) 190)]; of Diophantes [P.Oxy. 3508]; of
Dionysophanes [PSI 473]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 1112 ( ())]; irrigation work [P.Oxy.
3475, SB 12108]; canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB 12108]
Topographical features: house with courtyard (aule) situated in the hippikos stathmos
(cavalry soldiers quarters) [P.Oxy. 482]
Animals: oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]; bulls
and cows (taurika kai boika ktene) [PSI 1119]
Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Lips. 140, P.Oxy. 740, 3621, 39034, 4590, 4881, 4885]; komarchai
[P.Oxy. 3109, 3621]; sealer (episphragistes) [P.Oxy. 3564]; tesserarius [P.Oxy. 3621];
liturgists (two each) in charge of collecting meat, chaff and clothing [P.Oxy. 3621];
chomatepimeletes [P.Oxy. 3475]
Occupations: potter [P.Oxy. 3787]
Taxes and other imposts: sitologikon, phoretron [P.Oxy. 740]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659];
epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

- Senepta
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2891
P.Hib. II 248 fr. 1 descr.
P.Oxy. XLIX 3482.7, 34
P.Ryl. IV 677.4

c. 250 BCE
73 BCE
1437

kome

314

SB XIV 12170.24
PSI XV 1521.3
P.Berl.Mller 2.7 = SB IV 7339
PSI III 203.2
P.Oxy. I 72.5 (BL I 314)
P.Harr. I 138.i.5, 10, 11, 26, iii.11
P.Oxy. LXII 4334.2 ((); see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. II 387v descr.
P.Oxy. III 499.4
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2866.3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4872.10 (())
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2867.10 ((); see
P.Oxy. 4872.10 n.)
P.Oxy. III 517.2
P.Oxy. IV 730.3, 39
PSI XII 1262.ii.21
PSI X 1119.9, 27, 423
P.Oxy. LXXVII 5109.ii.26
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.52 (BL VII 144)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4888.7
P.Oxy. III 475.1516, 17, 28
P.Mert. I 27.25 (BL VIII 207)
SB XIV 11960.43, 104, 115
P.Oxy. XII 1508.7
P.Oxy. VI 979. 3 (see ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
PSI VII 731v.4 + P.Col. inv 134v.5
(see BASP 47 (2010) 46 n. 3)
P.Oxy. XLII 3013 introd.
P.Oxy. XIV 1724.19
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.3, 6, 7, etc. (see index; BL
VII 157)
P.Oxy. X 1287.3
SB XII 11151.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.67, 81, 123
P.Oxy. VI 909.17
P.Oxy. XLIII 3098.245
P.Oxy. L 3595.3, 67
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.5
P.Oxy. XLVII 3354.6, 31
P.Oxy. LXIV 4439.4, 14
P.Hamb. IV 268.13
P.Oxy. LV 3802.8, 11
PSI XIII 1338.[7] (BL V 127)
O.Fay. 33.4
P.Oxy. X 1285.120

31/2?
54
6971
87
90
92
94/5
I
121
123
124
127
129/30
130
137
156
162/3
165
176
182
after 191/2
II (2nd half)
II
II/III
II/III
II/III?
early III
c. 200212
205/6?
215
21821
225
232/3
243
2536
257
258/9
289
296
299
III
III

kome (13)
kome
kome
kome
<kome>
kome
topoi

kome
kome

<kome>

kome

kome
kome

topoi
kome
kome
kome
<kome>
kome

kome

315

P.Oxy. XVII 2140.12


PSI I 73.10
PSI XIII 1334.11, 20 = SB V 7995
SB VI 9088.12
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.9 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
SB XVI 12326.13
P.Princ. II 79.7
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.75 ()

III
III
III
III
III
late III
326
before 566

kome

17981

[<kome>]

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. IV 718.13 (]; see ZPE 170
(2009) 188)

Etymology: *(P-)j- or (T-)s.t-n-Pt, the lake/well (or the place) of Ptah; see J.
Quaegebeur, W. Clarysse, B. Van Maele, Gttinger Miszellen 88 (1985) 29, and
Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 150.
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 3354 two labourers from Nomou (Middle toparchy; 7th
pagus) take under lease a vineyard around Senepta and in P.Harr. 138 persons from
Nomou purchase property in Senepta, suggesting close proximity between the two
villages. In the account of grain P.Oxy. 3169, the large number of persons who pay dues
on land both at Sennis [Middle toparchy] and at Senepta suggests that the two were
located fairly near each other (P.Oxy. 3169.2 n.). In P.Oxy. 718.13 Sennis is indeed said
to be governed by the komogrammateus of Senepta if the proposed restoration of
] in ZPE 170 (2009) 188 is correct; cf. also P.Oxy. 4334.6 with n. ad loc. P.Oxy.
72, a registration of land in Petne (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus[?]) by an inhabitant of
Senepta, suggests that the two villages were perhaps close to each other. The epoikion
Pseneuar was in the vicinity [P.Oxy. 3802]. The phrase
in SB 11960.115 may imply proximity to a navigable waterway.
Position in official lists of villages: last after Petenoureos [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Istrou
and Nomou [P.Oxy. 1659.67], between Takolkeilis and Peenno [P.Oxy. 1659.81];
between Sento and Tholthis [Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 730]; hypologos [P.Oxy. 1508]
Cultures/agricultural products: former wheatland now sown with grass [P.Oxy. 499];
chortos [P.Oxy. 730, 3802, PSI 73 (BL II 137), SB 11960]; wine [P.Oxy. 909, 3354, PSI
1119, 1338, 1334(?); cf. P.Oxy. 3595]; acacia trees [P.Oxy. 909]; reed-bed [P.Oxy. 3354];
palm trees [P.Oxy. 3354]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3354.32, PSI 73, 1262]; barley [P.Oxy. 3354.32,

316

4439]; radish-oil [PSI 731v + P.Col. inv. 134v]; lachana [PSI 1338]; colocynths and
cucumbers [PSI 1338]
Associated kleroi: of Dion [P.Oxy. 499]; of Damon [P.Berl.Mller 2, P.Oxy. 730]; of
Dorkon [P.Oxy. 1508]; of Alexandros (formerly of Menon) [P.Oxy. 1508, 3482]; of
Dionysophanes [P.Oxy. 3354.31, PSI 73, 1521]; of Kallippos [P.Oxy. 3482]; of N.N. [PSI
1338]; of Menestheus and Andronikos [P.Ryl. 677, PSI 1521]; of Kratippos son of
Apollodotos [PSI 1521]; of N.N. son of Eukrates [PSI 1521]; of Epimenes [PSI 1521]; of
N.N. and Demokleides [PSI 1521]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 909]; waterwheel (organon) [P.Oxy. 3354]
Topographical features: house [P.Oxy. 475]; house with courtyard (aule) [P.Oxy. 1287];
ruined house [P.Oxy. 1287]; house with courtyard (aule) in the eastern part of the
village [P.Oxy. 1724]; threshing floor [P.Oxy. 3354.40 (not of the village per se, but of a
vineyard nearby), 4439]; garden (paradeisos) [P.Oxy. 3482]; pottery workshop for the
making of wine jars in a farmstead near Senepta [P.Oxy. 3595]; walled lot (topos
periteteichismenos) in the western part of the village [P.Harr. 138.i.6ff.]; public granary
[SB 9088]; house with courtyard (aule) and vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [PSI 1521]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182, 3354.11, O.Fay. 33 (performing state transport service
in the Arsinoite nome), SB 11960]; oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern
campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]; bulls and cows (taurika kai boika ktene) [PSI 1119]; ktene
[PSI 1334]
Religion: Sebaste (celebration in honour of emperor?) [P.Oxy. 387]; prophetes [P.Oxy.
387]; festival (heorte) with musical entertainment [P.Oxy. 475]; monastery [P.Oxy.
1912]
Officials: dekanos (police officer) [P.Oxy. 387]; ekphodios (meaning uncertain) [P.Oxy.
387]; praktores [P.Oxy. 2140]; sitologos [P.Oxy. 2866, 4872, PSI 1262]; komarches
[P.Oxy. 3109]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 718 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 188), 4334 (of
Senepta and other villages)]
Occupations: stathmouchos [P.Oxy. 387]; castanet-players (krotalistrides) [P.Oxy. 475];
paidaria [P.Oxy. 731]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182, SB 11960]; georgos [P.Oxy. 3169.71];
potter who makes wine jars [P.Oxy. 3595]; wet-nurse [PSI 203]; estate pronoetes [PSI
1338]
Military: a veteran purchases unproductive land around Senepta from the state for a
colonia [P.Oxy. 1508]; catoecic cavalrymen [P.Oxy. 3482]
Noteworthy landowners: Diogenes son of Heras, charioteer, owned property in the
village [P.Oxy. 1287]; Theon son of Antiochos and Dionysios son of Apollonios, both
Macedonians of the tenth hipparchy [P.Oxy. 3482]; Aurelia Leontarous and Aurelia
Plousia, owners of an estate (ktema) with a large farmstead (mega epoikion) [P.Oxy.

317

3595]; Aurelius Plotinos son of Eudaimon(?), exegetes and bouleutes [P.Oxy. 3802];
Septimius Eudaimon son of Serenus, gymnasiarchos and bouleutes [P.Oxy. 4439];
Aurelia Diogenis alias Tourbiaina, matrona stolata [PSI 1338]
Taxes and other imposts: epiklasmoi [P.Oxy. 3169]; syntaxis [P.Oxy. 4334]
Note: see also above s.v.

- Senepsau
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7124
P.Oxy. L 3556.14
P.Oxy. LXXII 4874.8
P.Oxy. LXXII 4876.11
P.Oxy. XLIX 3491.10
P.Oxy. VII 1032.1011
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.11
P.Oxy. L 3589.3 ()
PSI XIII 1328.39 = SB V 7817
P.Oxy. XXXI 2584.10, 29

c. 100
135
135
157/8
162
176/7
II
201
211

kome
kome (11)

Uncertain instance: P.Oxy. II 345 descr. (c. 88) (?); see ZPE 170 (2009) 161
(1718 n.) and <http://papyri.info/ddbdp/p.oxy;2;345/>.
Delendum: P.Oxy. XIV 1776.11 (see P.Oxy. 3556.1415 n. = BL VIII 249)
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 3589 Senepsau is said to be in the vicinity of Sarapionos
Chairemonos (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), so that it must have been situated near the
border of the Eastern and Western toparchies. Kerkethonis (toparchy unknown) must
also have been in the same area [P.Oxy. 3589.4].
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 345(?), 3556, PSI 1328]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 3556, PSI 1328]; wine [P.Oxy. 1032, PSI
1328]; palm trees [PSI 1328]; fruit trees (akrodrya) [PSI 1328]; reeds [PSI 1328]
Associated kleroi: of Patrokles (or Patroklos?), Bion and Lysis [P.Oxy. 3556]; of
Dionysodoros with that of Menon [PSI 1328]; of Dionysodoros [P.Oxy. 3491]; of
Poition [PSI 1328]

318

Irrigation: mechane [PSI 1328]


Topographical features: orchard (pomarion) [PSI 1328]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 1032]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 4876]

- Sennis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7131
P.Oxy. IV 718.[6], 13
P.Kln III 143.15
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.2, 4, 8, etc. (see Index; BL VII
157)
P.Oxy. L 3596 .7
P.Oxy. L 3597.5
PSI I 83.12
SB XIV 12181.8 ()

17981
190
c. 20012

<kome>
kome

c. 24055
260
293
III

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. LXII 4334.6 ( [ ]; see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. LV 3787.15 ( ; see n. ad loc.)
PSI Congr. XVII 18(a).6 n.

94/5
c. 31320?
IV

Delendum: SB X 10533.11 = P.Princ. II 148 (171); see S. Daris, Anagennesis 2 (1982)


2278, on the probably Lycopolite provenance of this document.
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Relative location: The large number of persons who pay dues on land both at Sennis
and at Senepta [in the account of grain P.Oxy. 3169] suggests that the two were located
fairly near each other (P.Oxy. 3169.2 n.). In P.Oxy. 718 Sennis is indeed said to be
governed by the village scribe of Senepta if the proposed restoration of ] in ZPE
170 (2009) 188 is correct; cf. also P.Oxy. 4334.6 with n. ad loc.
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 718]; royal [P.Oxy. 718]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 718.8]

319

Associated kleroi: of N.N. and Alexandros [P.Oxy. 718 (BL I 326)]


Irrigation: work on diakopoi [PSI 83]
Topographical features: oikopeda [P.Oxy. 718]; pottery for the making of wine jars in a
farmstead near Sennis [P.Oxy. 3596, 3597]; walled epaulis (broken into by thieves)
[P.Kln 143]
Animals: calves [P.Kln 143]
Occupations: potter who makes wine jars (also a slave? See P.Oxy. 3597.15 n.) [P.Oxy.
3596, 3597]; potamitai [PSI 83]; phrontistes [PSI 83]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelia Apia, daughter of Septimius Serenus, former exegetes
and prytanis, owner of a chorion called Metrikon [P.Oxy. 3596]; Septimius Eudaimon,
gymnasiarchos and bouleutes [P.Oxy. 3597]; Claudius Severus alias Diodoros, exhypomnematographos (of Alexandria) and procurator Augusti, vir egregius [P.Kln 143,
P.Oxy. 3169.48, 58 (confiscated land)]; Aurelia Diogenis alias Tourbiaina, femina
clarissima and matrona stolata [PSI 83; see Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 114]
Taxes and other imposts: epiklasmoi [P.Oxy. 3169]; syntaxis [P.Oxy. 3169, 4334];
epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

( )

See BL VIII 241 under P.Oxy. VIII 1112.13 and cf. below
s.v.

See BL VIII 232 under P.Oxy. I 80.11 and cf. below s.v.

- Senokomis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2892
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.10
P.Oxy. XXII 2349.8, 31
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2841.5

I BCE
70
85

320

P.Oxy. I 47.16
P.Oxy. XLVI 3275.4
P.Oxy. LXXII 4860.14
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2867.9
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.6
P.Oxy. IV 740.37, 39 (BL I 328)
P.Fuad Univ. 32.4
P.Stras. VI 588.4
SB XIV 11960.136
SB XIV 11265.9
P.Hamb. IV 253.16 ([; see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.37
P.Oxy. I 80.11 = W.Chr. 473 (BL VIII 232)
P.Palau Rib. 1.89 = SB XII 10875
PSI XV 1533.15
P.Wisc. I 7.6, 1112, 32
P.Dubl. 19.2 = P.Oxy. I 183 verso
P.Oxy. XII 1528.3
P.Oxy. XIV 1638.2, [7]
SB XXVI 16570.11 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XIV 1691.7
P.Oxy. X 1285.73
P.Oxy. XXVII 2474.38
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170 introd.
SB XIV 12181.4
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.20
P.Oxy. XII 1506.1
P.Oxy. XII 1545.5
P.Oxy. XVI 1881.8, 21, 25
P.Oxy. VIII 1130.45, 32, 33
P.Oxy. XVI 1959.6
P.Oxy. LVI 3865.1314
P.Oxy. LXXII 4927.2
P.Oxy. LV 3805.26
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).4, 5
PSI VI 686.3
SB I 1968
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.35
P.Leid.Inst. 75.1
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.6
P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.4

88
c. 10311
122
127
176/7
c. 200/1
II
II (2nd half)
II (2nd half)
II/III
early III
21821
23844
245/6
III (1st half?)
259/60
263
266/7?
282
290
291/2
III
III
III
III
III/IV
early IV
IV
427
484
499
late V
564
after 566
590
VI?
VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VII/VIII

kome

<kome>

kome
kome
kome

kome
kome
kome

kome
kome
kome
kome

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
chorion

Uncertain instance:
O.Pisa 502 x+5 (Snqms; see Enchoria 15 (1987)
171)

321

Etymology: nwt-n-qmw, The granary of reeds (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 86, 111)
Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy
Arabic/modern counterpart: Goma et al., Mittelgypten 86, propose an identification
with ulqam, but this modern village, though within the territory of the ancient Western
toparchy, is too far north to explain the proximity of Senokomis to Pela = Billa alMustagidda (see below under Relative location). I tentatively propose instead an
identification with Deir al-Sanquryia, a few kilometers downriver from Billa alMustagidda, where ancient remains have been found (see Goma et al., Mittelgypten
195).
Relative location: according to P.Oxy. 740 the are near Pela
(Western toparchy); both villages are also independently attested in connection with a
kleros of Philon [PSI 1533; cf. PSI 1550]. Paroriou was a lesser neighbour [P.Oxy. 1545;
see above s.v. ]. In an Apionic prostasia comprising Herakleion (Middle
toparchy), Pesta, Notines Paroriou and Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus)
[P.Oxy. 2243(a)].
Position in official lists of villages: between Herakleidou and Paneuei [P.Oxy. 1285]; last
after Syron [P.Oxy. 1528]; between Senekeleu and Syron [P.Oxy. 1659]; between
Paneuei and Pela [P.Oxy. 1747]; last after Paeimis [P.Oxy. 3462]; between Syron and
Leukiou [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1638, 2474, 2349, P.Wisc. 7]; flax [P.Oxy.
1691; cf. the mention of tow in P.Oxy. 1130]; chlora [P.Wisc. 7]; achyron [SB 11960]
Associated kleroi: of Zenodoros [P.Oxy. 47]; of N.N. [P.Oxy. 1638]; of Sisines and
Abdieus [P.Oxy. 2274 (not certainly in the territory of Senokomis)]; of N.N. and
Polemon [P.Oxy. 2349]; of Andronikos [PSI 1533]; of Philon [PSI 1533]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 2035, 3805]; work on a canal(?) [P.Oxy. 3462]; canal
(dioryx) [PSI 1533]; pleurismos [PSI 1533]; gyes [PSI 1533]
Topographical features: house [P.Oxy. 1638]; vacant lot (psilos topos) [P.Oxy. 1638];
road [P.Oxy. 1638]; farmstead (epaulis) to the south of the village and near a bakery
(artokopeion) [P.Oxy. 1959]; public granary (demosion) [P.Oxy. 2841]; threshing floor
[P.Stras. 588, P.Wisc. 7]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; unspecified animals (tetrapoda) [P.Oxy. 1638]
Religion: priests of the temple of Ammon [P.Oxy. 3275]; priests of Thoeris [P.Oxy.
3275]

322

Officials: archephodos [P.Oxy. 80]; eirenarchos [P.Oxy. 1506]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 2841, SB
11265]; episphragistes [P.Oxy. 2841]; protophylax [P.Leid.Inst. 75]
Occupations: slaves [P.Oxy. 1638]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]; barber(?) [P.Oxy.
3275.26 n.]; brickmaker [P.Dubl. 19]
Noteworthy landowners: Sarapion(?), ex-magistrate (archon) of Alexandria [P.Oxy.
1638.1011]; Gaius Iulius Saturnilus, Alexandrian citizen and soldier [P.Oxy. 2349];
daughter of Aurelius Theon alias Nikammon, hieronikes [P.Wisc. 7]; Sarapion, exegetes
[PSI 1533]; Imperial estate [PSI 1533]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1908, 2035, 2243(a), 3805,
4927]; Fl. Apphous son of Eulogios [P.Oxy. 1959]
Taxes and other imposts: supply of meat, probably for military purposes [P.Oxy. 1545];
crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: P.Oxy. 4927 concerns payment of bread rations to 213 onomata from Senokomis
(cf. Tyche 22 (2007) 21718).

- Senopotheos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7134
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.13 (BL VIII 241)
SB XVI 12756.8
P.Oxy. XIV 1726.9
SB XXVI 16570.63 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.103 ()
PSI Congr. XVII 26.6
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.4 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. LX 4089.24, 53

188
II
early III
290
III
III
III
351

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 6th pagus


Relative location: near Sento (Middle toparchy; 6th pagus[?]) [P.Oxy. 1112]. Coupled
with Pakerke (Middle toparchy; 6th pagus) [PSI Congr. XVII 26].
Position in official lists of villages: between Melanthiou and Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Artapatou and Texei [SB 16570]; between Pakerke and Tanais [SB 12756];
between Psobthis and Takolkeilis [Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: confiscated(?) [P.Oxy. 4089]

323

Cultures/agricultural products: acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1112]; barley [PSI Congr. XVII 26]
Irrigation: dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 1112]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]
Taxes and other imposts: grain collected from Senopotheos by the epimeletes of the
military camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]

See s.v.

- Sento
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2893
P.Oxy. LXXII 4857.9
P.Oxy. III 632.2 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 195)
P.Oslo III 145.2
P.Wisc. I 5.3
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.11
P.Erl. 44.1, 8, 23, 26, 27
P.Oxy. IX 1212.3
P.Oxy. XLI 2986.3, 4, 6, 8
P.Oxy. III 533.14, 19
P.Oxy. VI 981 descr. (BL VIII 239)
P.Oxy. VIII 1113.i.1, 15
P.Col. X 273r.3
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.61
SB XX 14385.13
SB XXVI 16570.60 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
SB XII 10918.14 = P.Iand. VI 99
P.Corn. 36.3
P.Oxy. X 1285.109
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.9, 38, 226
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.8 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. I 102.8 (BL I 315)
P.Oxy. XII 1470.10
P.Mert. I 34.11 (BL VII 104)
P.NYU II 40v.13

118
159 or 160
170/202/230
185
188
II
II
II/III
II/III
II/III
203
204
21821
224
290
III (2nd half)
III
III
III
III
306
336
346/7
IV

topoi

<kome>

<kome>
<kome>

kome
<kome>

kome

324

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy.Hels. 20.ii.3 ([; see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. XLIII 3090.2 n.
P.Flor. III 375r.35 (; nome uncertain)
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4962.4 n.

138
216
219/223/239
III

kome

<kome>

Delendum: SB XX 14972.3 = P.Lond. III 1016 (see BL XI 234)


Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 6th pagus(?)
Relative location: near Plelo (Middle toparchy; 6th pagus) and the epoikion [ ]
[P.Oxy. 102 (BL VIII 232)]. Near Senopotheos (Middle toparchy; 6th pagus) [P.Oxy.
1112 (BL VIII 241)]. Perhaps near Nomou (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus) [P.Oxy.Hels.
20(?)].
Position in official lists of villages: between Istrou and Artapatou [P.Oxy. 1285]; first
before Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Kerkeura and Tholthis [P.Corn. 36]; between
Psobthis and Petenoureos [SB 16570]; between Mastingophorou and Senepta
[Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 1113]; artificially irrigated
(epentlemene) [SB 14385]; royal [SB 14385]
Cultures/agricultural products: peaches and pears [P.Col. 273]; reeds [P.Col. 273]; roses
[P.Col. 273]; wine [P.Oslo 145]; flax [P.Oxy. 102]; acacia trees [P.Oxy. 1112]; mouia
[P.Oxy. 2986]; wheat [SB 14385]
Associated kleroi: of Kleandros [P.Oxy. 1113]; of Apollophanes [P.Oxy. 1470]; of
Chrysippos [SB 14385]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 102]; dike (choma) [P.Oxy. 102, 1112]
Topographical features: wine-press (stemphalourgikon organon) [P.Oslo 145]
Animals: oxen (boes) [P.Oxy. 2986]; pig [SB 16570]; donkeys [P.Col. 273]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 632]; praktor argyrikon [P.Oxy. 981]; komogrammateus
[P.Oxy. 1112(?), 1113 (of Sento and other villages)]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 533]; guard (phylax) [P.Oxy. 1212]; moschotrophos(?)
[P.Oxy. 3090.2 n.]; phrontistes [P.Oslo 145]; donkey drivers [P.Col. 273]
Military: a veteran purchases land in this village [P.Oxy. 1470]

325

Noteworthy landowners: Didymus alias Didymion, former archiereus of the


Hadrianeum in Oxyrhynchus, and his brothers Diogenes and Sarapion alias Aristokles,
sons of Sarapion [P.Oxy. 1113]
Taxes and other imposts: eparourion, pechismos peristereon [P.Oxy. 981]; crown-tax
[P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: koite 109 (a subdivision of the villages land) is mentioned in P.Oxy. 1470. In
P.Wisc. 5 a man from Oxyrhynchus who owns a female slave lives in Sento.

()

See BL VIII 239 under P.Oxy. VI 981 and cf. above s.v.

- Senyris
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2894
P.Oxy. III 629.9 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 192)
P.Oxy. XIV 1648.36, 81
P.Oxy. X 1285.63
P.Oxy. LXIII 4356.4
SB XIV 12108.12
P.Oxy. LV 3787.15 ( ; see n. ad loc.)
PSI VIII 948.344
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4682.6
P.Oxy. L 3586 .4 ()
P.Hamb. III 228.17

159/60
late II
III
III
III/IV
c. 31320?
345/6
421
V
VI

kome

ktema
kome
kome

Etymology: (P-)j-n-r, perhaps the lake or basin of Horus, but there are other
possible meanings for j; see J. Quaegebeur, C. Traunecker, CRIPEL 16 (1994) 17071;
cf. also Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 151 ((T-)s.t-n-r, the place of
Horus).
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy
44

For the Oxyrhynchite provenance of PSI 948, see Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1, and R. S. Bagnall and K. A.

Worp, Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt (2nd ed.; Leiden 2004) 57 n. 2 (cf. BL VII 238).

326

Relative location: a four-aroura plot is said to be in P.Oxy.


1648, implying proximity between the two localities.
Position in official lists of villages: between Monimou and Archibiou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Athychis and Sinkepha [SB 12108]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Hamb. 228, P.Oxy. 4356]; wine [PSI 948]
Associated kleroi: of Apollonios [P.Oxy. 4356]
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: house (victim of a burglary) [P.Oxy. 3586]
Animals: oxen (ktena boika) [P.Oxy. 3586]
Officials: komarches [P.Oxy. 4356 (not certainly of Senyris; see 2 n.)]
Noteworthy landowners: estate of empress Eudokia, wife of Theodosios II
(administered by Strategios I, ancestor of the Apion family) [P.Oxy. 3586]; Fl. Daniel
son of Valerius [P.Oxy. 4682]
Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

- Sera
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7145
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.2

VI/VII

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025]

See s.v.

327

- Serenou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5910
P.Oxy. XX 2274.6
P.Mert. II 74.2, 5, 9, 16
P.Oxy. XII 1448.15
P.Oxy. LVIII 3952.62(?)

III
180/212/304
c. 318
610

ktema
chorion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Serenus.


Administrative subdivision: probably in the 8th pagus (see P.Oxy. 1448 introd.)
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1448 Serenou supplies a quota of military clothing jointly
with Nemesionos (8th pagus?), suggesting proximity between the two places. P.Oxy.
2274.1213 suggests a location near a waterway. Perhaps part of the same Apionic
prostasia as Ptolema, Tantape and Nikes [P.Oxy. 3952].
Position in official lists of villages: between Naail and Pelaitou [P.Oxy. 1448]
Cultures/agricultural products: barley [P.Mert. 74]; wine [P.Oxy. 2274]
Officials: demosioi [P.Oxy. 2274]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2274]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3952 (Phoibammon,
who is also priest)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3952]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]
Other: offsets (moscheumata) [P.Oxy. 2274]

- Seryphis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2897
PSI X 1097.5
SB XII 10794.8
SB XVI 12277.7
SB XVIII 13854.1 = P.IFAO I 36
PSI IX 1029.6

54/3 BCE
21
I (1st half)
I (1st half)
52/3

328

P.Oxy. XLIV 3163.5, 8


P.Oxy. II 270.17
P.Oxy. II 273.16
P.Harr. I 74.26 (][][)
P.Oxy. I 97.8
P.Oxy. LXXII 4856.4
SB XXVI 16493.23
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2867.3, 9
P.Flor. III 319.4
P.Oxy. LXXII 4875.11
P.Oxy. IV 707.20
P.Stras. VII 610.3
P.Oxy. III 622.11 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 190)
P.Turner 25.6, 13
PSI VII 739.3, 20
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.49
SB VIII 9905.4 ()
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2871.3, 5
P.Oxy. LXXII 4887.3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4888.3
P.Oxy. I 90.4 (BL I 315)
P.Oxy. III 518.4 (see ZPE 174 (2010) 1578)
P.Oxy. VIII 1112.8
P.Oxy. XLI 2968.18
O.Wilck. 1103.3 (BL VIII 540)
O.Wilck. 1115.3 (; cf. BL VIII 540)
PSI XIV 1409.5
P.Harr. I 137.5
P.Harr. inv. 55a.1, 6 (ZPE 142 (2003) 173)
P.Hamb. IV 253.12
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.208
P.Oxy. IV 740.18
P.Oxy. VI 899.7
P.Oxy. LXIX 4745.9, 33
SB XVIII 13129.4
SB XVIII 13130.3
P.Oxy. LII 3694.2
P.Oxy. XLIX 3475.20
P.Mich. XVIII 792.3, 9 (BL XII 126)
SB XVI 12494.13, 17
SB I 1516.3 ()
P.Oxy. VI 970 descr.
P.Oxy. XIV 1636.4, 7
P.Oxy. LIX 3978.15
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.15

71
94
95
99
116
118
122/3
127
1337
135
1358
156
161
161
163
165
171
175/6
175/6
176
179/80
179/80
188
190
191
195
1957
II
II/III
early III
c. 20012
c. 200/1
200
202
207/8
207/8
21825?
220
221
22235
241/247/257
244/5
249
249/50
2536

topoi

<kome>
topoi
topoi
topoi
kome
kome

<kome>

kome
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
<kome>

kome
<kome>
kome

<kome>
kome
kome

kome

kome
kome

329

SB I 1503.3 ()
P.Oxy. XIV 1703.11
P.Oxy. XVII 2126.4
P.Oxy. XII 1528.2, 8
P.Oxy. XLIX 3498.8
SB XXVI 16570.6 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. LXIX 4747.8
SB VI 9502.6, [8], 17
P.Oxy. XII 1546.5
P.Oxy. XIV 1700.1
O.EES inv. 5.3 (ZPE 144 (2003) 185)
P.Graux II 29.2
P.Harr. II 228.11
P.Oxy. VI 960 descr.
P.Oxy. VIII 1141.3
P.Oxy. X 1285.71
P.Oxy. XII 1421.3
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.87, 104, 153, introd.
PSI VIII 945.16
SB XIV 12108.20
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.15 (])
P.Oxy. LV 3795.13
P.Oxy. XII 1542.4
P.Oxy. LV 3787.40
P.Oxy. VI 991 descr.
P.Col. VII 191.3 (),45 8 ()
P.Oxy. VII 1052.2, 13, 20
P.Alex. 30.9
P.Oxy. XII 1545.4
P.Kln IV 189.1
P.Wash.Univ. I 54.7 (BL IX 373)
P.Schyen II 32.4
P.Oxy. XVI 1859.2
P.Oxy. XXIV 2420.12, 25
P.Oxy. LVIII 3959.10

261?
c. 261
261/2?
266/7?
274
290
296
296
late III
late III
III
III
III
III
III
III
III
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
III/IV
early IV
307
c. 31320?
341
mid IV
after 362
IV
IV
IV/V
IV/V
532
VI/VII
614
620

kome
topoi
kome

kome
kome

kome

kome

kome
kome

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.7 n. (( ))
P.Theon. 6.5 = P.Wisc. II 82 (( ))
P.Oxy. XXII 2348.12 n. (e.g. ])
45

I BCE
157
224

Note ad loc.: one may suppose a spelling error in this line for Seryphis or Terythis (also Oxyrhynchite)

or else an otherwise unattested village.

330

PSI XV 1556.7 = SB XII 11050 ()

III

Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 3rd pagus (P.Oxy. 3795.13 assigns the
village to the 6th pagus, but this is probably an error; see n. ad loc. and cf. Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 13 n. 28)
Arabic/modern counterpart: Aruba (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 84), four miles east of
Oxyrhynchus (P.Oxy. 1421.3 n.).
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 970 the representative of an Antinoopolite owner of land in
Seryphis is from Pela (Western toparchy). Near Senekeleu (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus)
[P.Oxy. 1112, 3475 (both villages were in the southern section of the
Western toparchy)]. The chorion Gaianou [P.Oxy. 1141] and the ktema Nesos [P.Mich.
792 with BL XII 126] were in the vicinity. In P.Oxy. 1421 the strategus issues a joint
order to the officials of Taampemou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus) and Seryphis to
embark some wood from a nearby location (Ionthis); this suggests that though situated
in different toparchies, the two villages were probably near each other (edd.s introd.;
cf. also 3 n.). Near Pangouleeiou [P.Harr. 137]. A villager from Kerkethyris (Western
toparchy) takes under lease land in Seryphis [P.Oxy. 4747; cf. Rowlandson, Landowners
and Tenants 12]. In PSI 739 a man from Seryphis takes under lease land in
Mouchinaxap (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus), the rent for which he is required to pay in
the threshing floor of Seryphis; the two villages must have been close to one another.
P.Kln 189 is an order to the eirenarchs of Seryphis to send up a person from Akte to
the city, suggesting that this place lay in the administrative orbit of Seryphis. The
mention of fishing in Seryphis presupposes a location near a waterway [P.Turner 25; cf.
also the porthemeion mentioned in P.Oxy. 1421.6].
Position in official lists of villages: between Kerkethyris and Herakleidou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Herakleidou and Syron [P.Oxy. 1528]; first before Paneuei [P.Oxy. 1747, SB
16570]; between Pela and Z.o( ) [P.Oxy. 3462]; first before Syron [P.Graux 29]; between
Kerkethyris and Pela [SB 12108]
Categories of land: catoecic and bought (eonemene) [P.Oxy. 270]; catoecic [P.Harr.
228(?), P.Oxy. 273, SB 12277]; private [P.Oxy. 1636, 3498, P.Harr. inv. 55a
(monartabos)]; royal [PSI 1029, SB 9502]; enaphesios [P.Stras. 610]; artificially irrigated
(epentlemene) [P.Harr. inv. 55a]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Harr. 137, P.Oxy. 707, 1141 (implied), 1859];
orchard [P.Harr. 137, P.Oxy. 707]; reeds [P.Harr. 137, P.Oxy. 1141]; barley [P.Oxy.
1542, PSI 1029; cf. P.Theon. 6]; wheat [P.Oxy. 1636 (wheatland said to be [ ],
overgrown with rushes), 3498, 4745, 4747, PSI 1029, 1097]; chlora [P.Oxy. 4745];
chortos [P.Oxy. 4747; cf. SB 12494 (chortospermon)]; arakos [PSI 1029]; palm trees
[P.Harr. 137]; balsam, wool and woad [P.Oxy. 1052]

331

Associated kleroi: of Demetrios the Milesian and of Kallias [P.Oxy. 270]; of Nikandros
[P.Oxy. 273]; of N.N. [P.Oxy. 1636]; of Ammonas [P.Oxy. 4745]; of Sisines [PSI 1029];
of Nikanor [PSI 1029]; of Alexandros [PSI 1097]; of Philoxenos [P.Harr. 74]; of
Demetrios [P.Harr. 74]; of Krates [P.Turner 25]; of Chrysippos [P.Harr. inv. 55a]; of
Diopompos [P.Harr. inv. 55a]; of Dionysios [P.Harr. inv. 55a]; of Diotimos [P.Harr. inv.
55a]; of Simias and Kal [SB 9502]
Irrigation: waterwheel (trochos) [P.Oxy. 707 (of baked brick), 3498]; irrigation work
[P.Oxy. 1546, 3475, SB 12108]; canal (dioryx) [P.Oxy. 1700, 3498, SB 12108 (of
Apollophanes)]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 3498; cf. the lakkoi used for fishing in P.Turner 25];
mechane [P.Oxy. 3498]; pleurismos [P.Oxy. 3498]; hydragogion [SB 9502]
Topographical features: granary [P.Oxy. 90, 518 (public), 2126, PSI 1029.212];
diapsilos ge (open space in vineyard) [P.Oxy. 707]; walls(?) (platai) surrounding
orchards [P.Oxy. 707]; house in north-eastern part of village with two towers
(dipyrgiaia) [P.Oxy. 1703]; dovecote (peristereon) and house with courtyard (aule), west
of a public street (demosia rhyme), east of vacant lots (psiloi topoi) and south of a canal
[P.Oxy. 1700]; house used for weaving and damaged by fire [P.Oxy. 3978]; threshing
floor [P.Oxy. 4745, 4747, PSI 739, SB 12494]; houses [SB 12494]; oil-press (elaiourgeion)
[SB 12494]; garden (paradeisos) [SB 12494]
Animals: donkeys [O.EES inv. 5, O.Wilck. 1103, 1115, P.Oxy. 2182, SB 1503, 1516 (in all
these papyri performing state transport service in the Arsinoite nome)]; oxen
(requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]; pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB
16570]; sheep and lambs [SB 10794]; fish [P.Turner 25]
Religion: temple of Ammon [P.Oxy. 3694]; festival (panegyris) and rhodophoria on the
16th of Phamenoth (= 12 March) [P.Oxy. 3694]; priests of Ammon, Horus and Isis and
associated gods [SB 1312930]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 90, 518, 1542, 2867, 2871, 3163, 4856, 4887, 4888, SB 16493];
komogrammateus [P.Harr. inv. 55a (and of other villages), P.Oxy. 970, 1112(?), SB
13129 (and of other villages)]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 1421, 3109]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 1421,
SB 12494]; choma(tepimeletai/-tepeiktai) [P.Oxy. 1546, 3475 (chomatepimeletes)];
dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 2126]; sealing supervisors (episphragistai) [P.Oxy. 3163]; ephodoi
[SB 13854]; archephodos [SB 12494]; chief field-guard (archipediophylax) [SB 12494];
threshing floor guards (halonophylakes) [SB 12494]; boundary inspector (horiodeiktes)
[SB 9502]; eirenarchoi [P.Kln 189]; praktor [P.Stras. 610]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1141]; secretary (grammateus) of sitologoi [P.Oxy.
1542]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; goldsmiths (chrysochooi) [P.Oxy. 2420]; georgos
[P.Oxy. 2871, 3163]; assistant (boethos) of sitologoi [P.Oxy. 2871]; merchants (emporoi)
[P.Theon. 6]; fishing [P.Turner 25]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Paris alias Zeuxanios, archiereus in Antinoopolis
[P.Oxy. 970]; Aurelius Geminus alias Silvanus (Silbanos), agoranomos and bouleutes of

332

Oxyrhynchus, conveys to Aurelius Apion alias Ptollion, kosmetes and bouleutes, part of
a house in Seryphis [P.Oxy. 1703]; Catillianus alias Verus [P.Oxy. 1636]; Spartiates alias
Chairemon, gymnasiarchos [P.Oxy. 2126]; Iulii Theones [P.Oxy. 2867, P.Theon. 6; cf. SB
16493]; Aurelius Horigenes alias Theon, ex-kosmetes, owned house property in the
village [SB 12494]; Gaius Iulius Diogenes, Alexandrian and prytanis of Oxyrhynchus
[P.Oxy. 3498 (see 12 n.)]; Aurelia Ammonilla daughter of Dionysios, ex-gymnasiarchos
and bouleutes [P.Oxy. 4747]; Asklepiades son of Dionysios, Macedonian [PSI 1097];
Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1859, 2420, 3959]
Taxes and other imposts: phoretron [P.Oxy. 740]; supply of meat, probably for military
purposes [P.Oxy. 1545]; epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]; naubion [P.Stras. 610]; annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]
Other: The notables (euschemones) of the village issue an invitation to the strategus to
attend a festival in Seryphis [P.Oxy. 3694]. In P.Mich. 792 a man from Oxyrhynchus
resides in Seryphis. The ethnic occurs in P.Oslo III 144.16 (27275).
Note: Seryphis appears to have been the largest village of the nome (Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 18; cf. p. 286).

- Sesphtha
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2126
P.Hib. I 45.5 ( )
P.Hib. I 111.22 ()
P.Hib. II 213.5 ()
SB VIII 9841.2 ([ ]) , 4 (),
16 ( ), 18 ()
BGU VI 1275.7 ( ), 15 ( )
BGU XIV 2400.89 ( [])
BGU XIV 2419.3
P.Princ. II 24.18
SB XVI 12761.6 = P.Oxy. II 356 ()
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2873.4
P.Oxy. LXVI 4532.5
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.36
P.Ryl. II 199.6
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2845.1
P.Harr. I 142.[2?], 8
SB XIV 12168.7 ()

257 BCE
c. 250 BCE
mid-III BCE
247 BCE
215/14 BCE
III BCE
I BCE
21
27
62
85
92
I
I (2nd half)
126
130?

kome

kome
kome

<kome>
kome

333

P.Lips. II 141.6
P.Oxy. III 484.5 ()
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4957.2, 1112 ()
SB XXII 15630 verso (see ZPE 96 (1993) 225)
P.Oxy. LIX 3975.8
P.Oxy. I 79r.1, 4, 8
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.108, 117
P.Oxy. XVII 2120.2
P.Oxy. XII 1554.6
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.18
P.Oxy. XLIX 3520.3 ()
P.Oxy. LIX 3979.12 ()
SB XXVI 16570.90 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XIV 1704.6
P.Oxy. XII 1416.13
P.Oxy. X 1285.136
P.Oxy. XII 1529.1
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.82
P.Oxy. XXII 2346.21, 50, 52, 56, 58
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.50
PSI VII 779.7 ()
P.Col. X 285.5, 32
P.Oxy. LV 3790.17, 20
P.Oxy. XIX 2233.5, 10
P.Giss. 115 introd.
P.Oxy. XII 1423.10
CPR XXV 9.7, 10, 11 n. ()
P.Wash.Univ. I 36.2 ()
SB XX 14091.3 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2005.2, 17
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.18, 60
P.Oxy. I 125.7
P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.29, 35 ()
P.Oxy. LV 3805.91, 121 ()
P.Iand. III 51.10
P.Wash.Univ. II 103.8 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.3, 15 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2021.10 ()
P.Oxy. LVIII 3957.6
P.Oxy. I 153.2
P.Khalili I 1.21 = II 2 (())46
46

133
138
147
c. 152
c. 165/6
18092
21821
221
251
2536
260
266 or 267
290
298
after 298
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
III/IV?
315
c. 317/18
350
IV
IV
IV/V
428 or 429
mid-V
513
540/41
560
565/6
after 566
VI
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
611 or 612
618
VIII

kome
kome (12)

<kome>
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

<kome>
kome
kome
<kome>
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
<kome>
kome

kome
kome
chorion

See Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 12832.

334

Uncertain instance:
SB XXVI 16830.10 = P.Bad. IV 55 ([ c.3 ])47

VI/VII

kome

Delendum: P.Oxy. II 345 descr.; see ZPE 170 (2009) 161 (1718 n.).
Etymology/form: *(P-)j- or (T-)s.t-(n-)Pt, the lake/well (or the place) of Ptah; see J.
Quaegebeur, W. Clarysse, B. Van Maele, Gttinger Miszellen 88 (1985) 29, and
Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 150, and cf. above s.v.
(Etymology). On the Greek declension of the toponym in the early Ptolemaic period, see
S. Daris, ZPE 180 (2012) 2646.
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy; 10th pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Sumusta [P.Khalili I 1]; previously wrongly identified with
Saft Rain (see Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 13031). Sumusta lies [some 8 km] south-west of
Saft Rasin, and fairly close to the east bank of the Bahr Yusuf (Gonis, loc. cit. 131).
Relative location: probably close to the Nile [or, rather, the Bahr Yusuf (see above
under Arabic/modern counterpart)] since a in [P.Oxy.] 1554.6 came from
it (P.Oxy. 1416.13 n.); cf. also P.Oxy. 3975, and the lading of grain into boats in P.Hib.
45, BGU 2400, 2419. Not far from the western desert (cf. P.Oxy. 3333 introd.). Near
Choinothmis in the Heracleopolite nome [P.Oxy. 3805.91 n., 3957 introd. and 6 n.,
3975]; cf. also the association with Phebichis in BGU 2419 and the dispute with Nois in
CPR XXV 9. Sesphtha remains the northernmost known locality of the Oxyrhynchite
Nome (Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 131).
Position in official lists of villages: between Kosmou and Mouchinaryo [P.Oxy. 1285];
first before Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1529]; between Tholthis and Takona [P.Oxy. 1659.108],
between Tychinphagon and Talao [P.Oxy. 1659.117]; first before Takona [P.Oxy. 1747];
between Psobthis and Sinary [SB 16570]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Harr. 142]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Hib. 45, P.Oxy. 1704]; lentils (royal monopoly
in early Ptolemaic period) [SB 9841]; olyra [BGU 1275]; wine [SB 16830]
Associated kleroi: of Bacchios [P.Harr. 142]; of Diotimos [P.Oxy. 2873]
Irrigation: waterwheel ( ) [P.Oxy. 1704]

47

Near the Heracleopolite nome.

335

Topographical features: vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Oxy. 1704]; storehouse (apostasis)
with a wall in need of repair [P.Oxy. 2005]; granary [P.Oxy. 2346]; hay barn
(chortotheke) [P.Oxy. 3805]
Animals: horses [P.Oxy. 153]; oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns)
[P.Oxy. 3109]; pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]; sheep and lambs [SB 12761]; goats and
kids [SB 12761]; donkeys [SB 12168 (apparently requisitioned for state transport service
in the Arsinoite nome)]
Religion: stolistes [P.Harr. 142]; distribution of alms (zakat) to the poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Officials: agent of the (Ptolemaic) Royal Scribe [BGU 2400]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy.
79, SB 12168]; boethos [P.Oxy. 125]; (probably the komarches) [P.Oxy.
1423]; meizon [P.Oxy. 2005]; village secretary (grammateus) [P.Oxy. 1908, 2021,
2032.60]; (nome) eirenarchoi [P.Oxy. 2233]; praktores [P.Oxy. 2845]; komarchai [P.Oxy.
3109]; desert guard (eremophylax) [P.Oxy. 3333]; pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3805]
Occupations: boat captain (kybernetes) [P.Oxy. 1554, 3975, P.Wash.Univ. 103]; Apionic
pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032.18 (Ioannes)]; shepherd [P.Princ. 24, SB 12761]
Military: buccellarii and a tribune are sent to Sesphtha for the collection of taxes [P.Oxy.
2480]
Noteworthy landowners: two bouleutai (Herakleon and Serenus) own land in Sesphtha
[P.Oxy. 1416]; Aurelius Hierax alias Melas, Alexandrian [P.Oxy. 2120]; estate (ousia) of
L. Annaeus Seneca [P.Oxy. 2873]; Ammonas (geouchon) [P.Oxy. 3520]; estate of
empress Aelia Eudokia, wife of Thedosios II (administered by Strategios I, ancestor of
the Apion family) [SB 14091]; Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 153, 1908, 2032, 2480,
3805, 3957]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [P.Oxy. 3790, SB 16570]; anabolikon [PSI
779]; poll-tax (laographia) [P.Princ. 24 (implied), SB 12761 (implied)]
Other: P.Oxy. 153 records a payment for three horses bought from Sephtha. In P.Oxy.
484 and 4532 persons from Sesphtha live in Nemera (Middle toparchy).

- Seueriados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7140
P.Oxy. XII 1545.10

IV

Taxes and other imposts: supply of meat, probably for military purposes [P.Oxy. 1545]

336

See BL VIII 405 under PSI IX 1056 and BL XI 153 under


P.Oxy. XVI 1908.8, and cf. above s.v.

See s.v.

- Sepho
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2895
P.Oxy. XIV 1628.9
SB XVI 12759.1617 = P.Oxy. II 354 descr.
P.IFAO III 43.1, 14 (BL VIII 153)
P.NYU II 12.1, 9 ()
PSI X 1118.7 (])
P.Oxy. IV 808 descr.
P.Oxy. LXXII 4869.7
P.Oxy. LXXII 4875.14
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4958.14
P.Oxy. VIII 1128.13
PSI V 450.49, 63
P.Ant. III 199.5, 24
P.Oxy. XLIII 3130.3 ()
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.91, 97
P.Oxy. XII 1459.345
PSI X 1121.6
P.Oxy. VI 907 .9
SB XXVI 16570.78 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.125
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.13, 34, 233
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.17 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
SB XVI 12576.24
P.Oxy. LXII 4341.11
P.Oxy. XLIV 3194.5
P.Oxy. LIV 3774.4
P.Oxy. LXVII 4611.ii.12
SB XX 15096.9
P.Oxy. LXIII 4379.6

73 BCE
15
20/21
20/21
25/6
5468
123
135
148
173
175
II
II/III
21821
226
236/7
276
290
III
III
III
308
319
323
341
363
363
369

kome
kome (63 n.)

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

337

P.Oxy. VI 997 descr.


P.Harr. I 87.3
SB XXIV 15970.13 = P.Gron.Amst. 1
SB XIV 11330.2
P.Oxy. I 141.2
P.Oxy. XVI 1918v.11
P.Oxy. XVI 1914.12
P.Oxy. XVI 2028.8, 15
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.20
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.15
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. VIII 1147.8
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.6, 13
P.Oxy. VII 1053.19
CPR IV 171.5 (), 19, 20 ()
P.Sijp. 37.16

IV
440
455
V
503
after 542
557
VI
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
late VI
VI/VII
VII
VII/VIII

kome
kome
<kome>

chorion
chorion

Uncertain instance:
PSI VII 733.29 n.

235

Delendum: P.Bad. IV 55.10, 14 (see now SB XXVI 16830)


Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy; 7th pagus
Relative location: P.Oxy. 2035 mentions the dikes of Sepho and Leonidou, suggesting
that the two villages were neighbours. In P.Oxy. 3130 the archephodos of Taampeti
(Middle toparchy; 7th pagus) is ordered to summon three individuals from Sepho, an
indication perhaps that his authority extended over both villages (cf. editors introd.). In
P.Oxy. 4958 a man from Tanais (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus[?]) farms royal land around
Sepho. Proximity to the border with the Middle toparchy is also supported by the fact
that Sepho is the only village of the Thmoisepho toparchy to have gone over to the 7th
pagus in the fourth century, like a number of Middle toparchy villages, whereas other
Thmoisepho villages were in the 8th pagus. The epoikion Ischy was probably in the
vicinity of Sepho [P.Oxy. 4341.11].
Position in official lists of villages: between Texei and Taampeti [P.Oxy. 997]; between
Kesmouchis and Teis [P.Oxy. 1285]; last after Kesmouchis [P.Oxy. 1659.91], between
Kesmouchis and Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1659.97]; between Tholthis and Kesmouchis [SB
16570]; between Palosis and Kesmouchis [Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 1459 (also epentlemene = artificially irrigated), 4958];
catoecic [P.Oxy. 1628]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 907, 1147, 1628]; barley [P.Oxy. 1628];
lentils [P.Oxy. 1628]

338

Associated kleroi: of Parmenion [P.Oxy. 1459]; of Diokles [P.Oxy. 1628]; of Philon


[P.Oxy. 1628]; of Semios (or Simias?) [P.Oxy. 4379]; of Agesilaos and Alexandros [PSI
450]; of Epimenes [P.Oxy. 4958, PSI 1118]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 2035, 4341 (dike south of the village)]; mechanika
organa [SB 15096]
Topographical features: house with dining-room (symposion) and store-chamber (kella)
[P.Oxy. 1128]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; sheep and lambs [SB 12759, P.IFAO 43, P.NYU II 12]; goats
and kids [P.IFAO 43, P.NYU II 12, SB 12759]; oxen (robbed) [SB 15970]
Religion: deacon [CPR IV 171, SB 11330]; (Christian) priest [CPR IV 171]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 3194, 3774]; meizon [P.Oxy. 3774]; tesserarius [P.Oxy.
3774]; all the last three officials are designated as demosioi in P.Oxy. 3774; sitologos [PSI
1121]; guards (phylakes) [SB 15970]
Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Sarmates son of Ptoleminos, politeuomenos [P.Oxy.
4379.4 n. (uncertain)]; Agathinos Adon son of Dionysios, ex-gymnasiarchos, and his son
Agathos Daimon, archiereus and [PSI
450]; comes Ioannes [P.Oxy. 141]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 1053, 1147, 1914, 1918,
2028, 2034, 2035, 2206]
Military: Sarapion son of Apollonios, Macedonian of the catoecic cavalry [P.Oxy.
1628]; veteran owning land in the village [P.Oxy. 1459]
Taxes and other imposts: apomoira [P.Ant. 199]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; vestis
militaris [P.Oxy. 3194]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]; in P.Oxy. 2028 Sepho
contributes money for the stables at Takona.

( ) - Sinkepha
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2900
P.Hib. II 248 fr. ii.15
P.NYU II 52.3, 8, 9, 15, 17 (see P.Oxy. 4889.16 n.)
PSI V 475.3, 13, 17
P.Oxy. LXXII 4861.3

c. 250 BCE
early II
11738
122

kome
topoi

339

P.Oxy. LXXII 4867.8


P.Lips. I 116.10 (BL I 215)
P.Lips. I 113.3 (BL I 215)
P.Oxy. III 517.6 (BL I 325)
P.Oxy. III 515.2, 6 (BL I 325)
PSI XII 1262.ii.23, 25, 27
P.Oxy. LXXII 4880.2
P.Berl.Leihg. I 20.28
P.Oxy. XXXIII 2676.9, 30, 36
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.39
P.Ryl. II 377.3
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2782.5
P.NYU II 36.12
P.Kln III 149.29, 38
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.13, 26
P.Oxy. LVII 3906.6
P.CtYBR inv. 696.5 (ZPE 172 (2010) 17980)
P.Oxy. XII 1405.16, 21
P.Oxy. XIX 2241.10
P.Oxy. X 1285.65
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.71, 106, [127]
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5016.3 ([)
SB XIV 12108.13
SB III 6612.5, 9, 13 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1871.4 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.86 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1910.21 ()

122/3
123
127
130
134
137
144
149
151
165
II
II/III
c. 200
after 212
21821
229
230/31 or 262/3
236/7
283/4
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
365
late V
540/41
VI/VII

topoi
topoi

topoi
<kome>
topoi

kome
kome
kome

kome
kome

kome

Uncertain instance: cf. SB XVI 12732.6 (II/III) ] () [.


Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; 2nd pagus
Relative location: near the ktema Dioskoureion and the Bahr Yusuf [P.Oxy. 2241.11, 53
(the lessees are from Chysis [Upper toparchy; 1st pagus]), SB 6612]. Sinkepha was
apparently under the komogrammateia of Chysis [P.Oxy. 3906]; the two villages are also
mentioned together in P.Berl.Leihg. 20. A basket-bearer (kalatephoros) from Nesmimis
(Upper toparchy; 1st pagus) is asked to go to the temple of Demeter at Sinkepha and
make sacrifices there [P.Oxy. 2782]. A man from Sinkepha takes under lease land
around Athychis (Upper toparchy) [P.CtYBR inv. 696].
Position in official lists of villages: between Archibiou and Kerkemounis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Chysis and Athychis [P.Oxy. 1659.13], between Chysis and Basi [P.Oxy.
1659.26]; between Nesmimis and Chysis [P.Hib. 248]; between Senyris and Sadalou [SB
12108]

340

Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 2676, 3906, SB 6612]; private [SB 6612]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Kln 149, P.Oxy. 2676, 3906, PSI 1262]; oliveoil [P.Hib. 248]; barley [P.Kln 149; cf. P.Berl.Leihg. 20]; wine [P.NYU II 36(?)];
lachanospermon [P.Oxy. 2676]
Associated kleroi: of Dedys [P.Oxy. 2676]; of Dositheos [P.Oxy. 3906]; of Celsus [P.Oxy.
3906]; of Asklepiades [P.Oxy. 3906]; of Aristonikos [P.Oxy. 3906]; of Herakleodoros
[P.Oxy. 2241]; of Isokrates [P.Oxy. 2241]; of Polydeukes [P.Oxy. 2241]
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) of Apollophanes [SB 12108]; irrigation work [SB 12108]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Kln 149(?), P.Oxy. 2676]; public granary
[P.Oxy. 2676]
Animals: camels [P.Oxy. 1871]; donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]
Religion: temple of Demeter [P.Oxy. 2782; cf. also above under Relative location];
festival starting on 17 Tybi with musical performances and dance [P.Oxy. 5016]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Lips. 113, 116, P.Oxy. 515, 517, 4861, 4880, PSI 1262]; praktor
argyrikon [P.Oxy. 1405]; prostatai [P.Oxy. 5016]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]
Military: veteran [P.Oxy. 2676]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Herakleides son of Dioskourides, prytanis and
bouleutes [SB 6612]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1910, 2032]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]
Other: P.Berl.Leihg. 20 mentions the four-choinix measure of Sinkepha.

- Sidala
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10407
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4697.7

489

epoikion

Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 4697]


Occupations: enapographoi georgoi [P.Oxy. 4697]

341

Noteworthy landowners: Fll. Phoibammon and Samouelios, sons of Ioannes, viri


clarissimi [P.Oxy. 4697]
Editors note ad loc.: It may be asked whether this is the same as the
.

- Sikeonos B..kar...
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10101
P.Oxy. LXVI 4535.1819, 42

600

epoikion

Etymology/form: The first word may be an alternative spelling for (a fig


grove), or for (P.Oxy. 4535.1819 n.).
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4535]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Strategios paneuphemos [P.Oxy. 4535]

- Sinary
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2899
P.Hib. I 132 descr.
P.Hib. II 248 fr. iii.9
P.Hib. I 60.4
P.Hib. I 73.[8], 11
P.Hib. I 34.2, 4
P.Stras. VII 662.20
P.Tebt. III.2 876.51
BGU IV 1061.3, 5, 18
P.Oxy. XLIX 3462.3
P.Oxy. X 1281.15
SB XIV 12170.4
P.Oxy.Hels. 10.5, v.1
P.Oxy. XLIX 3485.2, 37
P.Wash.Univ. II 78.10, 16 n.
P.Kln III 141.10

c. 255 BCE
c. 250 BCE
c. 245 BCE
244/3 BCE
243 BCE
239 BCE
late II BCE
14 BCE
I BCE
21
31/2?
34
38
I (1st half)
57/8

<kome>
kome
kome
kome

342

P.Oxy. II 373 descr. (?)


79/80
P.Oxy. XII 1462.12, 26
83/4
P.Col. VIII 214.3
c. 86
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.17
92
PSI VIII 897.65, 88
93
P.Oxy. II 348 descr. (see ZPE 170 (2009) 16970) late I
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2846.3
I (2nd half)
P.Wisc. II 39.6
119/20
PSI I 53.149
after 132
P.Oxy. IV 810 descr.
134/5
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2869.6
146/7
PSI X 1119.25, 30, 46
156
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.55
165
P.Oxy. III 514.2, 5
190/91
SB XVIII 13958 fr. 2.5
193/4
P.Harr. I 137.1, 21
II
P.Oxy. XXXI 2574.1
II
BGU XIII 2243.6
II/III
P.Oxy. XLII 3013 introd.
II/III?
P.Hib. II 218.89, 95
early/mid-II
P.Oxy. I 56.10 (BL I 312)
203
P.Harr. I 66.9
after 212?
P.Oxy. XII 1449.54
21316
P.Oxy. XLIII 3091.3, 22
216/17?
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.102, 123
21821
P.Oxy. LI 3638.6, 37
220
P.Kln II 91.5
222
P.Oxy. XLVII 3365.33 = P.Coll.Youtie I 65
after 241
P.Oxy. X 1339 descr. ()
after 270
SB XXVI 16570.92 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
290
P.Oxy. X 1285.134
III
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.23, [55], 92, [121], 248
III
PSI Congr. XVII 26.10
III
SB XIV 11937v.i.6
III/IV?
P.Oslo II 62.12
IV (1st half)
PSI VII 842.11
IV?
SB XVIII 13928.3 (; see Tyche 17 (2002) 87) 468
SB I 1945.27
V/VI
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.5, 9, 29, 99, 103, 111, 116, 123 576/7?
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.50
VI
PSI I 71.4
VI
PSI VIII 954.11 ()
VI
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.5
late VI

kome

<kome>

kome(?)
kome
kome (14)

kome

kome
kome
[topoi]

<kome>
kome
chorion(?)
kome
kome

Uncertain instance:

343

PSI Congr. XVII 18(a).11 (; see n. ad loc.)

IV

Delendum: SB XX 14235.1 (VIII); see BL X 226 and cf. ZPE 149 (2004) 109. Pruneti, I
centri 179 n. 1, identifies in P.Mich. I 87.4 (III BCE), a document of the Zenon
archive (Arsinoite nome), with Sinary of the Oxyrhynchite nome. But the recent
recurrence of the toponym in yet another Arsinoite document, P.Sijp. 29.12 (II?),
suggests that we are dealing hear with a synonymous locality in the Fayum; cf. also F.
Uebel, Die Kleruchen gyptens unter den ersten sechs Ptolemern (Berlin 1968) 84 n. 4,
and Daris, Dizionario Suppl. 5 p. 88 s.v.
Etymology: (P-)j-n-r-w, the lake of Haryothes (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische
elementen 151).
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy. In 14 BCE the village was part of the
Peran toparchy of the Heracleopolite nome [BGU 1061]. The situation in the earlier
period is unclear. The village, being at the border of the Oxyrhynchite and
Heracleopolite nomes, is often associated with villages of both nomes; see Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome 1913. P.Hib. 34 and 73 seem to imply that in the mid-third
century BCE at least Sinary probably belonged to the Oxyrhynchite nome, since the
archiphylakites of the Lower toparchy appears to have jurisdiction over this village (but
cf. Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 193). Sinary is listed mostly with Heracleopolite
villages in P.Hib. 218, a tax list assigned to the early or mid-second century CE, which
perhaps should be redated to the early first century (see P.Oxy.Hels. 10.5 n., and cf.
Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 192 n. 1).
Arabic/modern counterpart: inara; see P.Oxy. 3638.12 n., Falivene, The Herakleopolite
Nome 192, Goma et al., Mittelgypten 99, 232.
Relative location: near Talao (Lower toparchy), to judge from P.Oxy. 514.2
(cf. also l. 5) and P.Kln 141.10
. The mention of land heavily sanded over (ammochostos) in P.Oxy. 3170.265
has suggested to the editor that its presence in Sinary perhaps indicates that the latter
was located near the desert (n. ad loc.); cf. also P.Oxy. 3333 introd. Land in the territory
of Sinary is located east of the Bahr Yusuf [P.Oxy. 3638.12 with n.]. It is probable that
the villages territory extended both east and west (toward the desert) of the canal, but it
remains unclear whether the village itself lay on the eastern bank (like its modern
counterpart inara) or the western bank. A person from Isieion Tryphonos (Lower
toparchy; 9th pagus) sells land belonging to him in Sinary [PSI 897]; for another
association of the two villages, cf. P.Oxy. 3462. Near Tychinpsalbo (Lower toparchy)
[P.Wash.Univ. 78.ii.10].
Position in official lists of villages: between Psobthis and Kosmou [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Isieion Tryphonos and Souis(?) [P.Oxy. 1659]; between an uncertain village
and Isieion Tryphonos [P.Oxy. 3462]; between Sesphtha and Dositheou [SB 16570]

344

Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 348, 373, PSI 897]; royal [P.Oxy. 810]; uninundated
(abrochos) [P.Oxy. 810]; hypologos [P.Kln 141]; confiscated [P.Kln 141]; former
vineland (chersos) [P.Kln 141]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Kln 141]; wine [P.Harr. 137, P.Oslo 62,
P.Oxy. 56, 3638, PSI 1119, P.Tebt. 876]; chortos [P.Mich. 87, P.Oxy. 810]; palm trees
[P.Oxy. 3638]; reeds [P.Oxy. 3638]; fruit trees (akrodrya) [P.Oxy. 3638]; barley [PSI
Congr. XVII 26]
Associated kleroi: of Xenon [P.Oxy. 810]; of Rhodippos [P.Oxy. 3638]; of Herakles son
of Kallistratos [P.Oxy. 3365, PSI 897; see ZPE 170 (2009) 170 (14 n.)]; of Magaischros
and Eukleides [BGU 2243]
Irrigation: pleurismos and gyes [P.Oxy. 373, 3638, PSI 897]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2195.99,
123 (called ), 103 (called ), 3638]; irrigation work [P.Oxy. 3462];
Mounthoteu canal (dioryx) [P.Oxy. 3462]
Topographical features: prison (desmoterion) [P.Hib. 34, 73]; record-office (grapheion)
[P.Harr. 66, P.Oxy. 1462, 3485 (of Sinary and other places)]; public granary [P.Oxy.
3170 (implied)]; farmstead (epoikion) [P.Oxy. 3638]; house and courtyard (aule)
[P.Wash.Univ. 78]; house [P.Oxy.Hels. 10]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182, 2846]; oxen [PSI 1119]; pig [SB 16570]
Religion: Jew [P.Oxy. 1281]; temple(?) with representations of Caracalla, Severus and
Julia Domna, a decayed covering (peristroma) and a bronze folding mirror [P.Oxy.
1449]
Officials: komogrammateus [BGU 2243, P.Oxy. 3091]; collectors of the crown tax
(praktores stephanikon) [P.Kln 91]; collector of the grain-revenue (apaitetes sitikon)
[P.Oxy. 514]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 2574]; desert guard (eremophylax) [P.Oxy. 3333];
leitourgoi [PSI 71]; scribe (grammateus) of the village of Sinary and other villages
[P.Oxy. 1281]; sitologos [P.Wisc. 39]; komarchai [SB 13928]
Occupations: guard (phylax) [P.Hib. 60]; weaver (linyphos) [P.Oxy. 1281]; cobbler
(skyteus) [P.Oxy. 2027, PSI 71]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]
Noteworthy landowners: estate of Anthos [P.Oxy. 3170.251]; Salvius Iustus [P.Oxy.
3170.254]; children of Aurelius Hermias, ex-agoranomos and bouleutes [P.Oxy. 3638];
Apollophanes Th, Alexandrian [PSI 897]; Demetrios son of Demetrios grandson of
Horion, Alexandrian [BGU 2243]; for Alexandrian ownership of land cf. also P.Oxy.
1462; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195, PSI 954]

345

Taxes and other imposts: ennomion, hekte (Ptolemaic) [P.Hib. 132]; crown-tax [P.Oxy.
1659, P.Kln 91]; enkyklion [P.Oxy. 1462]; monartabia [P.Oxy. 3170]; epiklasmoi(?)
[P.Oxy. 3170.261 n.]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]; beer-tax (zytera) [SB 12170]
Other: P.Oxy. 1281 refers to . In P.Oxy. 3091 a geouchon in Sinary
undertakes to deliver barley to Alexandria for the troops of Caracalla in Syria. PSI 71
mentions a violent fight in this village. BGU 1061 relates a violent assault by persons
from Sinary against a pastophoros of a temple in Bousiris (probably the Heracleopolite
village in the north of the nome; see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 193).
Note: on Coptic and Arabic literary evidence for this village, see Timm, Das christlichkoptische gypten V 23513; cf. also Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. , with Timm,
Das christlich-koptische gypten V 2353 n. 2, and Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 192
n. 2.

(?) - Sinach(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2898
PSI XII 1231.7

274

kome

Delendum: P.Oxy. II 348 descr.; see ZPE 170 (2009) 170 (14 n.).
Officials: komarchai [PSI 1231]
Occupations: irrigation worker [PSI 1231]
Note: the reading of the toponym is dubious; see ZPE 170 (2009) 170 (14 n.).

See s.v.

- Sinoumenes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11694
P.Sijp. 37.5

VII/VIII

chorion

346

Etymology: chorion of (the) pillaged/wasted (land)(?).


Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]

See s.v.

** - Sintabo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7186
P.Mert. I 26.5
PSI Congr. XVII 18(a).13

274
IV

Etymology: - reprsente trs vraisemblablement lgyptien (t-)st-n... la place de..,


prformante bien atteste de toponymes no-gyptiens et dmotiques; - et -
pourraient bien tre des surnoms de la desse [i.e. Thoeris; see below] ( = t, article
dfini fminin), mais jusqu plus ample inform, mieux vaut ne pas spculer sur les
termes gyptiens que recouvrent ces complments (M. J. Yoyotte apud G. Husson,
CRIPEL 8 (1986) 77).
Arabic/modern counterpart: Sandaf al-Far, on the east bank of the Bahr Yusuf and
opposite Oxyrhynchus (G. Husson, CRIPEL 8 (1986) 77).
Religion: theagos and theagisse of a temple of Thoeris [P.Mert. 26]
Note: although it occurs among villages in the account PSI Congr. XVII 18(a), Sintabo is
perhaps the name of a temple of Thoeris rather than a settlement proper. Three papyri
also attest a temple of Thoeris called (see the references in Husson, loc. cit.; the
nu is secure according to her). Yoyotte (apud Husson, loc. cit.) believes that et
sont sans doute les appellations de deux Thorion diffrents.

** - Skaphe
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7200
SB I 1989(b)

chorion

347

Uncertain instance:
P.Mert. I 27.3 ( <>?)

after 190/91

- Skelos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7199
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.50, 61
P.Princ. III 158.5
PSI VIII 920.10 (cf. Addenda pp. xviiixix)
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.

528/543/558
VI
VI
late VI

epoikion

Delenda: P.Iand. II 21.3, P.Herm. 51.6, P.Ross.Georg. III 22.6, 50.2; see F. Mitthof and
A. Papathomas, ZPE 103 (1994) 778, who relate these instances to the Arsinoite village
, because the article does not occur in the certain Oxyrhynchite instances,
whereas it consistently does in the Arsinoite ones.
Etymology: lit. (the) leg (probably figurative, of a topographical feature).
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244.50 (called ), 61 (called )]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2244]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 2244.61]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 2244]

- Skeuomisthiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7202
P.Oxy. XVI 1946.2
P.Heid. III 248.4 (BL VIII 149)

524
VI/VII

Relative location: near Neon [P.Heid. 248]


Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1946]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Heid. 248]

348

- Skytalitidos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5499
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.17, 18
P.Oxy. XII 1448.12 (cf. BL VII 139)
SB XXVI 16753.2 = P.Col. XI 303
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.13
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.24
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.15, 77, 80, 119
P.Oxy. LXX 4799.10, 30
P.Iand. III 51.6 (BL VI 56)
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.19
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.31 (cf. 25)
PSI VIII 954.5, 7, 15, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.30
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.28

early IV
after 324
515
540/41
after 547
576/7?
586
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion

epoikion

epoikion
epoikion

Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus


Relative location: in the vicinity of Dositheou (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy.
3307.13]. In the same Apionic prostasia as Chrysochoou, Mikras Paroriou and
Ptolemaidos [PSI 954]. Coupled with Krariou [PSI 954.19, 21, 22].
Position in official lists of villages: between Petrok( ) and Sarapa [P.Oxy. 1448, 3307]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 4799, PSI 954.7, 22]; palm trees [PSI
954.5]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 2035]; mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 4799]
Topographical features: dovecote (peristereon) [PSI 954]; bakery (artokopeion) [PSI
954.4]
Religion: monastery [SB 16753]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916 (Anoup), 2032 (Iustus), 2195.77, 80
(Comes)]; enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 4799]; georgoi [PSI 954 (koinon)]; ampelourgoi
[PSI 954]; phrontistes [PSI 954.5]; potter (kerameus) [PSI 954.4, 5]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 1916, 2025, 2032, 2034, 2035,
2195, 2207, 4799, PSI 954]

349

Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]; capitation tax (synteleia
kephales) [PSI 954]

- Sko
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2901
P.Hib. II 248.ii.18 ()
P.Wash.Univ. I 49.8 ( )
SB X 10256.5
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2840.5
P.Oxy. II 346 descr. (see ZPE 170 (2009) 1634)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4857.2 ()
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2776.7
P.Oxy. LXXII 4872.2 ([])
P.Oxy. III 617.3 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 186)
P.Oxy. III 619.2 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f.)
P.Oxy. III 620.2 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 189)
P.Oxy. XXXI 2588.6
SB XII 11167.248 = P.Oxy. III 627 descr.
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.23 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Theon. 3.3 = SB XII 11121
P.Oxy. XXXI 2591.15
P.Oxy. LXII 4336.19
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2870.2
P.Oxy. XLV 3242.6, 21
PSI XIV 1408.11 (BL VIII 411)
PSI XV 1537.1
P.Oxy. VI 979. 4 (see ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
P.Oxy.Hels. 22.2
O.Ashm.Shelt. 50.21 = SB I 2253
BGU IV 1091.17
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.20
P.Oxy. XVIII 2189.7, 10
P.Leit. 13.5 = SB VIII 10205
P.Oxy.Hels. 41.7
P.Oxy. XVII 2125.6
P.Oxy. XVII 2137.16
P.Oxy. VII 1031.12
48

c. 250 BCE
late I BCE
5567
75
100
118
118/9
124
134/5
c. 147
147
148
148
c. 152
156
158/9
169
176
1857
1914
II
II/III
II/III
II/III
c. 212
21821
219
222/3, 226/7 or 242/3
223/4
225
226
228

topoi
topoi

topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi

topoi
[topoi]
topoi
kome

kome

topoi
topoi
kome
kome

For the reading, see PSI Com. 17.1011 n. (but cf. P.Oxy. 4857.2 n.: to judge from the image, a

conjecture rather than a reading); see also D. Hagedorn, ZPE 154 (2005) 199.

350

P.Oxy. LXVII 4590.19, 30


SB I 5806.14 (BL XII 183)
P.Ryl. IV 683.4, 8
P.Oxy. LXVII 4595.12 = SB XII 11081
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.14, 45, [78], [144], introd.
PSI VIII 945.21
P.Oxy. XX 2278.1
SB XIV 12156.4
P.Mich. inv. 4004.iv.9 (BASP 46 (2009) 45)

231
235
244
261
III
III
mid-III
late III
c. 36080

topoi
kome

Uncertain instances:
O.Pisa 168 x+8 (P-sge)49
SB XX 14983.2 n.

I
22060

Delendum: P.Oxy. XLI 2967.11 (154); see BL VIII 263 and ZPE 170 (2009) 189.
Etymology: perhaps the name derives from the Egyptian name of nearby Kynopolis (Sk); cf. Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland 2078: Although the two places
were administratively distinct , it is possible that, with the hellenization of the nome
metropolis [i.e. Kynopolis] and its name, the old Egyptian name persisted in a nearby
village name.
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy
Relative location: near Episemou (Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus) [PSI 1408 with BL VIII
411]; in P.Oxy. 1031 a farmer from Episemou cultivates public land in Sko; similarly, in
P.Oxy. 2137 a lessee of land in Sko is from Episemou; in SB 5806 (BL XII 183) the
lessors of land around Sko are from Episemou. In P.Oxy. 2125 grain from the granaries
of Sko is embarked at the Nile harbour of Satyrou (Eastern toparchy). Near Monimou
(Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus[?]) [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]. These indications suggest that Sko lay
in the north-eastern corner of the Upper toparchy and thus must have been very close
to Cynopolis (Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 11, Oxyrhynchus and its
hinterland 207).
Position in official lists of villages: between Mermertha and Monimou [P.Oxy. 1659];
between Mermertha and Enteiis [SB 12156]
Categories of land: catoecic and bought (eonemene) [P.Oxy. 346]; public [P.Oxy.
1031]; hypologos [P.Oxy. 2278]; royal [P.Oxy. 979, 4595, P.Ryl. 683]; private
[P.Oxy.Hels. 22 (deduced from the tax rate)]; (confiscated?) land managed by the idios
logos [BGU 1091]

49

See Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987) 170 and http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11376.

351

Cultures/agricultural products: olive-oil [P.Hib. 248]; wheat [P.Oxy. 1031, 2137, 2776,
4595, P.Oxy.Hels. 22, 41]; chlora [P.Oxy. 2137]; lentils [P.Oxy. 2189]; arakos [P.Oxy.
2776]; wine [P.Oxy. 3242]; palm trees [P.Oxy. 3242]; fruit trees (akrodrya) [P.Oxy.
3242]; reed bed [P.Oxy. 3242]; garden (paradeisos) [P.Oxy. 3242, P.Oxy.Hels. 22];
lachanospermon [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]
Associated kleroi: of Strabas [P.Oxy. 346]; of Odeas [P.Oxy. 1031]; of Pedieus [P.Oxy.
1031, 4595]; of Theodoros and Aulaios [P.Oxy. 2137, 2776, P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of
Antigonos [P.Oxy. 2776, P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Apollonios [P.Oxy. 2189, 3242]; of
Posidippos [P.Oxy. 3242]; of Agathous son of Achilles [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Biertos
[BGU 1091 (BL VIII 40), P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Zopyrion [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Heli
[P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Herodotos [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Theodoros [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of
Petelous [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Petosiris [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Sarapion son of Philiskos
[P.Oxy.Hels. 22]; of Simonides [P.Oxy.Hels. 22]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2137, P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; waterwheel [P.Oxy. 3242
(kykleuterion), P.Oxy.Hels. 41 (trochos)]; irrigation basin (perichoma) [P.Ryl. 683]
Topographical features: public granaries [P.Oxy. 2125.15, 4595]; bath-house
(balaneion) [P.Theon. 3]
Animals: oxen (ktene) [P.Oxy.Hels. 41; cf. SB 12156]; pig [SB 12156]
Officials: collectors of grain taxes (praktores sitikon) [P.Leit. 13]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 617
20, 2125, 2588, 2840, 2870, 4590, 4857, 4872]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 2278
(restored)]; archephodos [PSI 1537]
Occupations: epitropos of an estate [P.Oxy. 2189]
Military: the son of a veteran takes under lease land in Sko [P.Oxy. 4595]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Sarapion alias Apollonianos, bouleutes and former
gymnasiarchos [P.Oxy. 2137, 2189]; Aurelius Philippos, ex-kosmetes and exegetes
[P.Oxy. 2278]; Dionysia daughter of Sarapias alias Thamounion, citizen of Antinoopolis
[P.Oxy. 3242]; Aurelia Dionysia, daughter of Theon alias Dionysotheon [P.Oxy. 4595];
Aurelius Dionysotheon, ex-gymnasiarchos and bouleutes [P.Oxy.Hels. 41]; a priest and
prophet of Thoeris, Isis and Sarapis owns land in the area [SB 10256]; Iulii Theones
[P.Theon. 3]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 12156];
vestis militaris [P.Mich. inv. 4004]

352

- Souis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2644
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.9
P.Oxy. LXXII 4857.8
P.Oxy. XVII 2141.4, 6
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.104 ([]; see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. XLII 3048.16
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2723.8
P.Oxy. XLIX 3516.2
SB XXVI 16570.96 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1275.7
P.Oxy. X 1285.47, 140
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.8, 21
P.Oxy. XII 1448.7 ([])

92
118
208?
21821
246
III (1st half)
260
290
III
III
early IV
after 324

<kome>

kome

kome
kome

Uncertain instance:
SB XVI 13035.72 n. ([?)

341

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy; 8th pagus


Relative location: near bion Takona (Lower toparchy) (cf. P.Oxy. 2141.34 n.).
Probably near the western desert (P.Oxy. 3333 introd.). The epoikia Albinou,
Psankerma and Strouthou were probably in the vicinity [P.Oxy. 3307.21, 22].
Position in official lists of villages: between Dositheou and Tholthis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Tholthis and Dositheou [P.Oxy. 1448, 3307]; between Sinary and Talao [P.Oxy.
1659(?)];between Takona and Ibion Ammoniou [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2723]; reeds [P.Oxy. 2723]; palm trees and
other fruit trees (akrodrya) [P.Oxy. 2723]; wheat [P.Oxy. 3048]
Associated kleroi: of Aristodemos [P.Oxy. 2723, SB 13035.72 n.]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2723]; pleurismos [P.Oxy. 2723]
Topographical features: viticultural implements (lenos, pithos, stemphylourgikon
organon) [P.Oxy. 2723]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 1275 (not necessarily of Souis)]; pig [SB 16570]

353

Religion: five-day festival (heorte) in Phamenoth with musical entertainment [P.Oxy.


1275]
Officials: prostatai [P.Oxy. 1275]; presbyteroi [P.Oxy. 2141]; collector of money taxes
(praktor argyrikon) [P.Oxy. 2141]; desert guard (eremophylax) [P.Oxy. 3333]
Occupations: pragmateutes [P.Oxy. 3048]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3048, 3516]; georgos
[P.Oxy. 3048]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 3048]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 3516]; irrigators
(hydroparochoi) [P.Oxy. 3516]
Noteworthy landowners: Lucius Calpurnius Gaius, ex-eutheniarches, ex-kosmetes and
bouleutes of Alexandria and gymnasiarchos and prytanis of Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 2723];
Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3048]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Sophou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7254
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.182

576/7?

Etymology: < Greek personal name .

- Spania
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2813
SB IV 7449.3
CPR VII 24v.5
P.Wash.Univ. I 17.7 (see ZPE 159 (2007) 271)
SB XXVI 16796.2 = P.Oxy. XVI 1964
P.Bad. VI 172.6
P.Oxy. XVIII 2204.5 (BL VIII 255)
PSI I 77.7, 27
P.Oxy. LV 3805.93, 101
PSI VIII 953.21 (])
P.Oxy. XVI 1997.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.21

V (2nd half)
V/VI
514
518
547
550/51 or 565/6
551
after 566
567/8
VI
VI

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

354

P.Oxy. XVI 2058.2, 3, 36


P.Oxy. XVIII 2205.8
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.14
P.Oxy. VIII 1147.7
P.Oxy. VI 922.4
P.Oxy. VII 1053.14
P.Oxy. XVI 1866.7
P.Khalili I 1.13 = II 2

VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
VIII

kome

chorion

Arabic/modern counterpart: Safaniyya [P.Khalili I 1; see also Goma et al.,


Mittelgypten 78, and Rowlandson, Oxyrhynchus and its hinterland 211]
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1866 a dispute with Kosmou (Lower toparchy) is mediated
by Isieion Kato (Lower toparchy) and Phebichis (Heracleopolite), suggesting relative
proximity between these villages. A link with the Heracleopolite is also suggested by
P.Oxy. 1997, in which wheat from Spania is embarked in the Nile harbour of Neson (cf.
BL X 146). The village was in the same Apionic prostasia as Aspida, Kyamon, Phna and
Perouen [P.Oxy. 2204]. For its location close to a waterway, see Mazza, Larchivio degli
Apioni 100.
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 77]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 2034, 2205, 3805]; mechane (called
) with lakkos [PSI 77]
Topographical features: threshing floor [PSI 77]; hay barn (chortotheke) in the quarter
of the Great House ( ) [P.Bad. 172]
Animals: horse [P.Oxy. 922]
Religion: (Christian) priests [P.Oxy. 2058]; deacon [P.Oxy. 2058.121, 133]; hospice
(xenodocheion) [P.Oxy. 2058.131]; monk [SB 7449]; distribution of alms (zakat) to the
poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Officials: meizones [P.Oxy. 1866, 2058]; boethos [P.Oxy. 1147, 3805]; secretary
(grammateus) [P.Oxy. 1997, 2058.51]
Occupations: builder (oikodomos) [P.Oxy. 2058.90, 92, 94, 100]; overseer (epitropos) of a
hospice [P.Oxy. 2058.131]; businessman (pragmateutes) [P.Oxy. 2058.136, 149]; oilmakers (eilaiourgoi) [P.Oxy. 2058.1468]; fullers (knapheis) [P.Oxy. 2058.151]; fowlseller (kaimiopoles) [P.Oxy. 2058.138, 140; see BL XI 159]; fisherman (opsaridas)
[P.Oxy. 2058.143(?); see BL X 146]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2204 (Paulos)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 922, 1053, 1147, 1866(?), 2034, 2204,
2205, 2206, 3805, PSI 953]; perhaps Ioannes, catholicus(?) [P.Oxy. 1997]; Fl. Ioannes,

355

stratelatianos [P.Wash.Univ. 17]; Fl. Philoxenos, vir clarissimus, son of Ision [P.Bad. 172
(presumably the owner of the Great House mentioned there), PSI 77; cf. also PSI VII
835]
Military: CPR VII 24v mentions .
Note: P.Oxy. 2058 lists the items stolen from the house of the meizon of Spania (who
was also a priest) and presents a lengthy roll call of the principal individuals in the
village (112 ktetores), who were to contribute 2 solidi each to compensate the meizons
loss. In SB 16796 a member of the officium of the praeses Arcadiae is said to originate
from Spania and live in Oxyrhynchus. PSI 77.27 mentions a sum of gold solidi (4 solidi
less 16 carats) . The two inscriptions SEG XLI 16345 (II BCE) were
found in Safaniyya but do not preserve the name of the village at the time; the first is a
dedication for Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II and Cleopatra III by members of a military
unit; the second lists military men belonging to a religious association (synodos). For
some recent bibliography on this village see Calderini-Daris, Dizionario ... Supplemento
3o 140 s.v.

- Stephanitidos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2902
P.Oxy. XII 1577.23, 4 ()

III

ktema

528/543/558
VI
VI (2nd half)

epoikion

Irrigation: repair of dikes [P.Oxy. 1577]


Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1577]

- Stephanionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7270
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.11, 22
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.16
P.Heid. inv. G 5144r.13 ([),
16 (])50
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
50

epoikion

late VI

Published in ZPE 139 (2002) 179.

356

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Irrigation: mechane (called [] []) [P.Oxy. 2244]; lakkos [P.Heid. inv.
G 5144r]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2034 (name unpreserved)]; georgos [P.Oxy.
2244]
Noteworthy landowners: all P.Oxy. instances relate to the Apion estate.

* - Stratonikou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7282
P.Oxy. XIV 1674.18

III

Etymology: < Greek personal name .

- Strouthou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7290
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.22
P.Oxy. XII 1448.18

early IV
after 324

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus
Relative location: in the vicinity of Souis (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy. 3307.21]
Position in official lists of villages: between Pelaitou and Psankerma [P.Oxy. 1448];
before Albinou [P.Oxy. 3307]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

357

- Stylou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11695
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4964.9

IV

epoikion

Etymology: perhaps named after a pillar in the area (n. ad loc.).


Occupations: ergatai (requisitioned for work in Alexandria) [P.Oxy. 4964]

- Syron
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2672
PSI V 549.4
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2851.5
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2841.7
SB X 10532.56 = P.Princ. III 147
P.Oxy. XLVII 3334.11
P.Oxy. II 270.22
SB XXII 15355.5 = P.Oxy. I 176 descr.
P.Lips. I 114.1
P.Oxy. XLIV 3165.7
P.Matr. 2.19
P.Oxy. LXII 4338.3
SB XX 14974.9 = XVIII 13331
SB XIV 12139 recto (see ZPE 27 (1977) 125)
P.Harr. II 196.1
P.Oxy. XIV 1719.10
P.Oxy. XII 1474.16
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.38
P.Oxy. X 1268.3
P.Oxy. XII 1528.3, 9
P.Oxy. XIX 2228.44
SB XXVI 16570.9 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Graux II 29.3
P.Michael. 19.4 ( [ )
P.Oxy. X 1285.75
P.Oxy. XIV 1748.10
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.156, introd.
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5006.3
SB XX 14681.6

41 BCE
60
85
87/8
c. 8994
94
99
133
mid-II
181/2
183
190
II
II/III
204
216
21821
249/50
266/7?
283 or 285
290
III
III
III
III
III
III
late III

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome/topoi
kome
kome

kome
kome
kome
kome

[kome]

kome
kome

358

P.Oxy. XIV 1747.24


P.Fuad Univ. 28.19 ( [)
P.Princ. II 63.5
SB XIV 12047.9
P.Laur. IV 167.5, 7 (see Aeg. 88 (2008) 13741)
P.Oxy. LX 4089.20, 50
P.Oxy. XLIX 3479.6, 8
P.Oxy. VII 1052.5, 17, 27
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3398.6
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.12
T.Varie 8.3 ()

III/IV
III/IV
III/IV
325?
336
351
361?
after 362
IV
VI/VII
669

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

Etymology: the village of the Syrians.


Administrative subdivision: Western toparchy; 3rd pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Mazura(?) (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 91, but, as they
note, Mazura is in the territory of the Lower toparchy)
Relative location: a man from Syron takes under lease land in Nesla (Upper toparchy)
[SB 10532]
Position in official lists of villages: between Mouchinaxap and Alexoutos, Alexoutos
and Petemouneos, Petemouneos and Alexoutos [P.Oxy. 1052]; between Paneuei and
Paeimis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Seryphis and Senokomis [P.Oxy. 1528]; between
Senokomis and Senao [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Pela and Herakleidou [P.Oxy. 1747];
between Paneuei and Senokomis [SB 16570]; between Seryphis and Pela [P.Graux 29]
Categories of land: catoecic and bought (eonemene) [P.Oxy. 270, SB 15355];
(confiscated?) land sold by the idios logos [SB 14974]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Michael. 19, P.Oxy. 1719]; chortospermon
[P.Michael. 19]; chortos [P.Oxy. 1719]; cheese [P.Michael. 19]; balsam, wool and woad
[P.Oxy. 1052]
Associated kleroi: of Herakleides with that of Alexandros [P.Oxy. 270]; of Philippos and
Anthi [SB 15355]
Irrigation: public dikes [P.Laur. 167]; irrigation work [P.Laur. 167]; mechane(?)
[P.Michael. 19]
Topographical features: public granary (demosion) [P.Oxy. 1474, 4338]; public street
(demosia rhyme) [P.Oxy. 3334, SB 14681]; vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Oxy. 3334]; house
and vacant lot [SB 14974]; house and courtyard (aule) in the central part of the village
[SB 14681]

359

Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 1748]; sheep (probata summeikta) [P.Oxy. 2228]; lambs
[P.Oxy. 2228, 2851]; goats [P.Oxy. 2228]; kids [P.Oxy. 2851]; pig [SB 16570]; calf
[P.Michael. 19, SB 16570]; ox [P.Michael. 19]
Religion: temple and synodos of Zeus [SB 14681]
Officials: archephodos [P.Harr. 196]; overseers (epeiktai) of public dikes [P.Laur. 167];
logographos [P.Laur. 167]; chomatepistates(?) [P.Laur. 167 (cf. Aeg. 88 (2008) 140)];
sitologoi [P.Lips. 114, P.Oxy. 4338, SB 12139 recto (see ZPE 27 (1977) 125)]; komarchai
[P.Oxy. 2228, 5006]; presbyteros [P.Oxy. 3479]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 5006]
Occupations: donkey-drivers [P.Oxy. 1748]; georgos [P.Oxy. 2841]
Noteworthy landowners: land owned by Antinoites [P.Oxy. 1719]; Apion estate [P.Oxy.
2025]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; grain collected from Syron by the
epimeletes of the military camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]; requisition of meat [SB
16570]; annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]
Other: seed stolen from the fields of Syron [P.Princ. 63]

- Sypheos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7311
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.52, 57, 107

576/7?

epoikion

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Nekonthis, Aroures,


Kainon, Tancheo, Amokos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989.
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

- Schoibis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7317
P.Oxy. XXXI 2583.25

II

360

P.Oxy. XLII 3047.18, 46

245

kome (28)

Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy


Relative location: within the administrative orbit of the village scribe of Phoboou
(Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), along with other Eastern toparchy villages
(Thmoinakomis, Thmoinepsobthis, Osoronnophrios, Tychinnekotis) [P.Oxy. 3047].
Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 3047]; catoecic [P.Oxy. 3047]; royal [P.Oxy. 3047];
uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 3047]; artificially irrigated (epentlemene) [P.Oxy. 3047]
Associated kleroi: unnamed [P.Oxy. 2583]; of Polynikos with that of Meniskos and
taios [P.Oxy. 3047]; of Epikrates [P.Oxy. 3047]
Noteworthy landowners: Calpurnia Herakleia alias Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3047]

See s.v.

- Sophrosynes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7343
SB XXIV 16324.27 = P.Oxy. XVI 1911
([])
P.Oxy. LV 3804.98
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).32
P.Amh. II 150.14, 45

557
566
590
592

epoikion
epoikion

Etymology: probably < Greek female personal name .


Relative location: a man from Sophrosynes cultivates land in Loukiou (south of the
nome, in the area of 1st pagus) [P.Oxy. 3804]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [P.Amh. 150]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Amh. 150]; field guard (agrophylax) [P.Amh. 150]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a), 3804, SB 16324]

361


[ - T[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13217
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5005.5

III

Officials: guards (phylakes) [P.Oxy. 5005]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 5005]

[ ] - T.[..]lei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7627
P.Oxy. XII 1546.7

late III

Irrigation: repair of dikes [P.Oxy. 1546]

[ - Ta
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7349
1) P.Oxy. XII 1449.56

21316

Religion: temple with representations of Caracalla, Severus and Julia Domna, a bronze
trencher, and two statuettes of Zeus and Hera [P.Oxy. 1449]. The village is probably
[ in view of the temple of Zeus and Hera attested there in P.Oxy. XLIX 3471
(131); see Miscellanea Toponomastica, ZPE (forthcoming 2012).
2) P.Oxy. LV 3787.45

c. 31320?

3) SB XVIII 13109.4

V/VI

<kome>

362

- Ta.....
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11696
P.Oxy. LXXII 4922.6

582

Occupations: tow-dealer (stippopragmateutes) [P.Oxy. 4922]


Editors note ad loc.: neither () nor () can be read. The letter after
is or (less likely?) ; the last letter is or .

* [ - Taam[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2903
P.IFAO II 11 verso

II?

- Taamire
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7354
P.Oxy. LII 3690.6

139

Etymology: uncertain; cf. K. Vandorpe, Enchoria 18 (1991) 121 with n. 48.


Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy [P.Oxy. 3690]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 3690]; public [P.Oxy. 3690]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 3690]
Associated kleroi: of Alexon [P.Oxy. 3690]
Irrigation: pleurismos and gyes [P.Oxy. 3690]

363

() - Ta(a)mpemou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2903
P.Dubl. 5.4 = P.Oxy. I 385 descr. (see ZPE 170
(2009) 186)
P.Oxy. III 612 descr. (BL III 131)
P.Lips. II 141.3 (see P.Oxy. LXXII 4883.4 n.)
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.26 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4883.4
PSI Congr. XX 9.3
P.Oxy. XLI 2974.5
P.Oxy. III 621.3 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 190)
SB XII 11244.3 = P.Oxy. III 626 (<>)
P.Oxy. III 501.10 = M.Chr. 349
P.IFAO III 15.15 ([][)
P.Oslo III 108.4
PSI XV 1538.1
SB XII 11107.1
P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227).6 (see Pap.Congr.
XXIV 408)
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.49 ([)
P.Kln IX 381.3
SB XXVI 16570.36 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Graux II 29.5
P.Oxy. X 1285.88
P.Oxy. XII 1421.3
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.11, 30, [68], 164
PSI VIII 945.22
SB XX 15122. 1
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.33
P.Oxy. XII 1491.13
P.Oxy. LXI 4124.i.5, ii.5, 19
P.Oxy. VI 901.4
P.Oxy. LIV 3771.45
P.Gen. IV 175.1 ([; see n.)
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3387.3
P.Mich. XX 809.31
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3410.24
P.Oxy. IX 1193.2
P.Oxy. XII 1505.2
P.Oxy. XII 1545.3
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3408.9, 29
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3409.6

87/8
10317
133
c. 152
c. 153
1579
162
162/3
166/7
186
II?
II
II
II
II or III
21821
c.260?
290
III
III
III
III
III
III
III/IV
early IV
318
336
336
336
342
372
c. 37585
IV
IV
IV
IV
IV

topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi

kome

kome

<kome>
kome
kome
kome

kome

<kome>

364

P.Oxy. XLVIII 3423.2, 11


P.Oxy. LIX 4003.23
P.Oxy. L 3584 .3
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.86, 87
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.6
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).35, 68
PSI I 80.21 (BL VIII 392)
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.7
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.33

IV
IV/V
V
528/543/558
540/41
590
VI?
VI/VII
VI/VII

<kome>

179/80
III/IV
c. 370

[topoi]
epoikion

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. III 615.3 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 183 + n.)
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr. ([)
P.Oslo III 88.17 n.

Etymology: cf. K. Vandorpe, Enchoria 18 (1991) 12022. The second element is


probably P-mw, the water.
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Tanbu (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 84)
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1421 the strategus issues a joint order to the officials of
Taampemou and Seryphis (Western toparchy; 3rd pagus) to embark some wood from a
nearby location (Ionthis); this suggests that though situated in different toparchies, the
two villages were probably near each other (edd.s introd.; cf. also 3 n.). In P.Oxy. 2974
a man from Taampemou takes under lease land around Satyrou (Eastern toparchy),
possibly implying relative proximity between the two villages. Fishermen in P.Oxy. 3423
suggest proximity to a waterway; cf. also P.Oxy. 1421 and 4003 (a fishing boat is to
transport stones from Taampemou). In P.Egy.Mus. S.R. 3049 (227) Taampemou is listed
in proximity to Kynopolis (line 1). In an Apionic prostasia comprising Senokomis
(Western toparchy), Herakleion (Middle toparchy), Pesta and Notines Paroriou [P.Oxy.
2243(a)]. Pangouleeiou [P.Oxy. 2243(a).6873] and Palidou [P.Oxy. 2243(a).52, 53]
were probably in the vicinity.
Position in official lists of villages: between Terythis and Pakerke [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Psobthis and Phthochis [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Psobthis and Pakerke [P.Oxy.
1747]; between Psobthis and Posompous [SB 16570]; between Pela and Satyrou
[P.Graux 29]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 501, 3423]; chlora [P.Oxy. 501]; flax
[P.Oxy. 3408; cf. the mention of tow in P.Gen. 175, P.Oxy. 3423]; wine [P.Oxy. 2244.88
(neophyta choria)]
Associated kleroi: of Philonikos and Charas [P.Oxy. 501]

365

Irrigation: mechane with a channel (hydragogios) [P.Oxy. 901. 3771]; mechanai [P.Oxy.
2243(a).68]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 2244]
Topographical features: public granary (demosion) [P.Dubl. 5]; workshop (ergasterion)
[P.Oxy. 989]; buildings, courts (aulai) and a garden (paradeisos) [P.Oslo 108]; vacant
lots (psiloi topoi) [P.Oxy. 501]
Animals: pigs [P.Oxy. 901, 3771, SB 16570]; donkey [P.Oxy. 1193]; oxen [P.Oxy. 3771];
calf [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Dubl. 5, P.Lips. 141, P.Mich. 809, P.Oxy. 612, 615(?), 621, 3408
(not clearly of Taampemou), 4883, PSI Congr. XX 9, SB 11244, P.CtYBR inv. 4625];
archephodos [P.Oxy. 1193, PSI 1538, SB 11107]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 1421, 3409, 3423,
3584]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 1421]; sealer (episphragistes; official attached to village granary)
[P.Oxy. 1491]; eirenarchos [P.Oxy. 1505]; meizon/meizoteros [P.Oxy. 2243(a).39, 2244];
boethos [P.Oxy. 2032]
Occupations: tow-workers (stippourgoi) [P.Gen. 175]; donkey-driver [P.Kln 381];
guard (phylax) [P.Oxy. 1193, SB 11107]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2243(a).47, PSI 80]; fishermen
[P.Oxy. 3423]
Noteworthy landowners: estate of empress Aelia Eudokia, wife of Thedosios II
(administered by Strategios I, ancestor of the Apion family) [P.Oxy. 3584]; Apion estate
[P.Oxy. 1908, 2025, 2032, 2243(a), 2244]
Taxes and other imposts: supply of meat, probably for military purposes [P.Oxy. 1545];
crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; anabolikon [P.Oxy. 3408]; protion [P.Oxy. 3408]; capitation
tax [P.Oxy. 3584]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]; annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]
Other: P.Oxy. 3584 mentions a stranger and foreign resident (xenos kai paroikos) in the
village threatened with expulsion by the komarchai.
Note: see also s.v.

()/ () - Ta(a)mpeti/Ta(a)mpitei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2904
PSI VIII 947.25
P.Oxy. III 533.8
P.Oxy. XLIII 3130.1
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.50

185/6
II/III
II/III
c. 20012

366

P.Oxy. XIV 1659.70 ([])


PSI Congr. XXI 12.ii.3, 10, 16, 18, 19, iv.13, 15, 19,
v.7, 13
SB XXVI 16570.54 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Harr. I 93v.2, 8 (p. 109)
PSI VI 712.3
P.Oxy. X 1285.[24], 117 (BL I 334)
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.40
P.Iand. VI 119.6 (cf. Tyche 20 (2005) 197 n. 161)
P.Oxy. VI 895 .5
P.Oxy. LV 3787.56 ([])
P.Oxy. XIX 2233.3 ()
P.Neph. 11.20, 21, 23
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr.
P.Select. 8.9 (BL VIII 200)
P.Lond. V 1777.3
SB XVI 12265.1 (BL IX 280)
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.59, 81, 83, 84, 85
P.Oxy. LXX 4785.11
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.28
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.7, 21, 33
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.133
P.Oxy. LV 3805.95
P.Iand. III 51.14
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.22
P.Oxy. XVIII 2205.5, 9
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.15
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.3
P.Oxy. VIII 1147.9
P.Oxy. VII 1053.15 ()
P.Oxy. I 158.1, 3
PSI I 52.9, verso
P.Sijp. 37.17

21821
261
290
294
295
III
III/IV
c. 300
305
c. 31320?
350
IV
IV
421
434
late V
528/543/558
530
540/41
after 547
before 566
after 566
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VII (1st half)
VII/VIII

kome

kome
kome

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

<kome>
chorion

Uncertain instance:
P.Gen. IV 175.1 ([; [
more likely; see n.)

336

Etymology: uncertain; cf. K. Vandorpe, Enchoria 18 (1991) 12021.


Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 7th pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Tambidi (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 87)

367

Relative location: in P.Oxy. 3130 the archephodos of Taampitei is ordered to summon


three individuals from Sepho (Thmoisepho toparchy; 7th pagus), an indication perhaps
that his authority extended over both villages (cf. editors introd.). The epoikion
Diogenous was nearby [P.Oxy. 3787 with 65 n.]. Near Leonidou [PSI 52]. PSI 712 may
suggest proximity to Tychinnekotis (Eastern toparchy).
Position in official lists of villages: between Sepho and Ieme [P.Oxy. 997]; between
Kerkeura and Texei [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Kerkeura and an uncertain village [P.Oxy.
1659]; first before Kerkeura [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Tanais and Kerkeura [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2244.81, 85, 88 (neophyta choria), 4785];
chortos [P.Select. 8]
Irrigation: dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 2034, 2205, 3805]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2244.59 (called
), 81 (called ), 84 (called ), 4785 (called )]; lakkos [P.Oxy.
2244.81]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Religion: church lector (anagnostes) [P.Oxy. 3787]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 895]; meizon [P.Oxy. 158, 1147, 2244.81, 84]; chief
(kephalaiotes) of (nome) eirenarchoi [P.Oxy. 2233]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 3130]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 158, PSI 712]; Apionic pronoetes
[P.Oxy. 1916.7, 21 (Apollos), 33 (Theodoros), 2032 (Iustus)]; georgos [P.Oxy. 2244,
3169, PSI 712]; irrigator (hydroparochos) [PSI 947]; field-guards (agrophylakes)
[P.Select. 8]; scribe (grammateus) [SB 12265]; ergatai [P.Oxy. 895 with BL VII 132 (sent
to Babylon and Memphis), P.Sijp. 37 (sent to Babylon)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 158, 1053, 1147, 1912, 1916,
2032, 2034, 2205, 2206, 2207, 2244, 3805, 4785 (pagarchoumene by the Apiones)]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Note: on Coptic and Arabic literary evidence for the village, see Timm, Das christlichkoptische gypten VI 24958.

On this Heracleopolite village on the border with the


Oxyrhynchite, see Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 201
2 s.v. http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3053

368

- Tancheo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7366
SB XXII 15603.19 = P.Corn. 52+53
SB V 7756.20
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.52, 57, 97, 107, 187 ()

late III
359
576/7?

epoikion
epoikion

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Tillonos, Nekonthis, Aroures,


Kainon, Sypheos, Amokos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989. Cf. also the connection with Takona (Lower toparchy),
Chrysochoou and Ambikos in SB 15603.
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]
Taxes and other imposts: SB 7756 lists various taxes (mostly obscure), including the
anabolikon, levied upon a person from this hamlet.

( ) - Tako( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2231
SB XVI 12208.10

c. 350

Note: probably Takolkeilis or Takona.

- Takolkeilis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7376
SB VI 9317(a).13, 17, 32, (b).13, 29, 45
P.Oxy. IV 734.3, 5 (BL I 327)
P.Mich. XVIII 786.17, 99, 112
P.Ryl. IV 681.1
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.76, 80
PSI IX 1072.6 (<>)
SB XXVI 16570.68 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422

147
165
167
II
21821
mid-III
290

kome
topoi

369

P.Oxy. XVII 2142.56


P.Oxy. X 1285.[20], 113 ([])
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.5 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr. ()

c. 293
III
III

epoikion

IV

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 7th pagus


Relative location: near Petne (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus[?]) [P.Oxy. 734.3]
Position in official lists of villages: between Petne and Texei [P.Oxy. 997]; between
Nemera and Mastingophorou [P.Oxy. 1285]; last after Herakleion [P.Oxy. 1659.76, SB
16570], between Toka and Senepta [P.Oxy. 1659.80]; between Senopotheos and
Petenoureos [Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 1072]; chlora [PSI 1072]; barley [PSI 1072];
lachanospermon [PSI 1072]
Associated kleroi: of Seleukos and Pytheas [PSI 1072]
Irrigation: waterwheel (trochos) [PSI 1072]; mechane [PSI 1072]; canal (dioryx) [PSI
1073]
Topographical features: vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [SB 9317]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]
Officials: archephodos (of Takolkeilis?) [P.Ryl. 681]
Noteworthy landowners: Aurelius Apion alias Theonammon, gymnasiarchos [PSI 1072]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570];
annona militaris [P.Oxy. 2142]

- Takona
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2231
P.Sorb. III 71.[4], 8 ( ), [15]
P.Hamb. II 183.[2], 14 ( )
P.Hib. I 111.1 ( )
P.Hib. II 248 fr. 3.6 ( [])

268/7 BCE
251 BCE
c. 250 BCE
c. 250 BCE

kome

370

P.Tebt. III.1 745.4


P.Hib. I 73.14
P.Cair.Zen. IV 59770.13 ( )
BGU VI 1273.5, 11, 46, 52 ( )
BGU VI 1274.4 ( )
BGU VI 1266.6, 21, 25
BGU VI 1267.2 ( [])
BGU X 1906.2 ( ])
BGU VI 1242.9, 15
BGU XIV 2388.7 = VI 1270
P.Tebt. I 182 descr.
P.Wash.Univ. II 77.8 = P.Vind.Worp 2
P.Oxy. IV 743.29
P.Wash.Univ. II 78.i.2, ii.2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13,
27 n.
P.Michael. 9 A.7, 16
P.Oxy. XLVI 3273.9
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.47
P.Iand. VI 106.6
SB XVI 12313.1 = P.IFAO I 4 ()
P.Kln XII 489.2
P.Oxy. LXV 4486.1
P.Harr. II 198.4, [10]
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.109, 114
P.Oxy. VII 1064.9
P.Oxy.Hels. 27.6
SB I 1514.3
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.13
O.Berl. 92.2
SB I 1502.3
P.Oxy. XXII 2338.49 margin
SB XXVI 16570.95 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422 ([)
P.Oxy. XII 1498.14
P.Oxy. X 1285.130
P.Oxy. XII 1529.9
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5004.1
SB XXII 15603.3, 10 = P.Corn. 52 + 53
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.51
PSI IV 286.3, 5
P.Oxy. XLII 3087.1415
P.Oxy. LXV 4492.8
P.NYU II 4.12
P.Oxy. XIV 1652(b).1
PSI III 205.8
P.Oxy. LX 4088 passim (see Index X b)

245 BCE
244/3 BCE
mid-III BCE
221 BCE
218/17 BCE
203/2 BCE
III BCE
III BCE (2nd half)
III/II BCE
191 BCE
late II BCE
21 BCE
2 BCE
I (1st half)

kome

c. 92
I
165
II
II
II/III
II/III
c. 2024
21821
after 218/19
247?
c. 250
2536
258
261?
after 289
290
before 299
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
III/IV
III/IV
c. 311/12
314
c. 314/15
317
34750?

kome (15)
kome

kome
kome

kome
kome

kome
<kome>

<kome>
<kome>
<kome>
kome

371

P.Oxy. LX 4087 passim (see Index X b)


P.Erl. 54.5
P.Oxy. LXVIII 4681.67
P.Oxy. LIX 3985.2, 18
P.Oxy. XVI 1870.2, 28
P.Oxy. XVI 1831.2, 14
P.Oxy. LXXII 4920.9
SB XVIII 13109.4
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.89
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.4, 5, 17
P.Oxy. I 133.7, 22, 26, 29
P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.47
P.Oxy. LV 3805.58
P.Iand. III 51.9
P.Oxy. XVI 1830.26
P.Oxy. XVI 2028.2
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.14
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.16
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(b).10
PSI VIII 954.54
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. VIII 1147.4, 5, 6
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.10
P.NYU II 22.2, 7
P.Oxy. VII 1053.16
P.Oxy. XVI 1906.15, 23
P.Oxy. XVI 1908.4
P.Oxy. XVI 2021.1, 11
P.Oxy. XVI 2040.2, 6
SB XVIII 13266.3
P.Oxy. XVI 1921.12

IV
IV
419
473
V
late V
V/VI
V/VI
528/543/558
540/41
550
565/6
after 566
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
after 621?

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
<kome>
kome
kome
kome

kome

kome

kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.25 n.
P.Oxy. XLII 3052.11 n.
P.Erl. 85.3 ([])
SB XX 14386.7 = ChLA IX 40451

92
I
II/III
27782

kome

Form: usually indeclinable, except in some Ptolemaic texts and SB 12313; see P.Oxy.
4486.1 n., and cf. S. Daris, ZPE 168 (2008) 248: la grafia per il dativo non pu
essere spiegata altrimenti che come un ipercorretismo degli scribi grecofoni di questi
testi che la interpretano appunto come il dativo di un singolare femminile; see also
eund., ZPE 180 (2012) 2646.
51

See F. Mitthof, Annona Militaris (Firenze 2001) 3712.

372

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy


Arabic/modern counterpart: It may have been located at Km-el-Ahmar, west of the
Bahr Yusuf near Muzra and at the edge of the desert (P.Oxy. 4087.2 n.; see Goma et
al., Mittelgypten 100).
Relative location:

Takona shares a komogrammateus with Tychinphagon (Lower toparchy)


[P.Kln 489], which presupposes that they were relatively proximate.
Hunt in P.Oxy. 1064.10 n. takes the letters context to imply that Takona must
have been in the vicinity of Psobthis [Lower toparchy; 9th pagus] (mentioned in
line 5); cf. also P.Oxy. 1652, containing two short accounts relating to these two
villages.
The payment to sailors in P.Oxy. 1652 may imply that Takona was close to a
waterway (probably the Bahr Yusuf); this is further reinforced by P.Oxy. 1830,
which concerns the measurements of the rivers rise by agents of the Apion
estate in Takona, and P.Oxy. 2021.8, recording a payment ()
(cf. also P.Oxy. 3052.11 n.). Cf. also above under Arabic/modern
counterpart.
P.Oxy. 1831, in which the meizon of Tholthis (Lower toparchy; 10th pagus) writes
to his counterpart in Takona concerning their shepherds dispute, implies
proximity between the two villages (cf. also P.Oxy. 2207, P.Wash.Univ. 77).
Perhaps near Souis (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus); cf. P.Oxy. XVII 2141.34 n.
Near the western desert (P.Oxy. 3333 introd., 4087.2 n.). Cf. also above under
Arabic/modern counterpart.
The Itin. Anton., 157.1, records as 24 Roman miles the distance between Takona
and Oxyhrynchus (cf. P.Oxy. LX p. 194).

Position in official lists of villages: between Tychinphagon and Talao [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Psobthis and Mouchintale [P.Oxy. 1529]; between Sesphtha and Tychinphagon
[P.Oxy. 1659.109], between Psobthis and Tychinphagon [P.Oxy. 1659.114]; between
Sesphtha and Dositheou [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Dositheou and Souis [SB 16570]
Categories of land: fallow (anapepaumene) [BGU 2388]; royal [P.Wash.Univ. 77];
catoecic [P.Wash.Univ. 78]
Cultures/agricultural products: olyra [BGU 1266]; achyron [BGU 1267]; wheat [BGU
1267, P.Oxy. 133, 2021, P.Wash.Univ. 77]; chortos [BGU 1266, P.Cair.Zen. 59770,
P.Hamb. 183, P.Sorb. 71, PSI 286]; wine [PSI 286, P.Wash.Univ. 78]; reeds [PSI 286];
arakos(?) [P.Wash.Univ. 77]; fruit trees [P.Wash.Univ. 78]
Associated kleroi: of Leon son of Kallias [BGU 1266]; of Kraton [P.Wash.Univ. 77]

373

Irrigation: public dikes (demosia chomata) [P.NYU II 4]; measurement of the rise of the
river [P.Oxy. 1830]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2244 (called ), PSI 286]; waterwheel
(trochos) [P.Wash.Univ. 78]
Topographical features: tower (pyrgos) near the intersection of two public streets
(demosiai rhymai) [BGU 1273]; houses [BGU 1273, P.Michael. 9]; prison (desmoterion)
[P.Hib. 248 (not certainly of Takona)]; stables [P.Oxy. 2028]; mansio () of the
cursus publicus [P.Oxy. 40878, 4492; cf. Itin. Anton. 157.1]; estate bath-house
(geouchikon loutron) [P.Oxy. 1921 (cf. BL VII 104)]; cavalry horse-stable (hippon)
[P.Sorb. 71]; hay barn (chortotheke) [PSI 286]; orchard (pomarion) [PSI 286]; house and
courtyard (aule), another house and vacant lot (psilos topos) [P.Wash.Univ. 78]
Animals: donkeys [O.Berl. 92, P.Oxy. 2182, SB 1502, 1514 (in all these papyri
performing state transport service in the Arsinoite nome)]; oxen (requisitioned for
Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]; ktene [PSI 286]; pig [SB 16570]; sheep
[P.Wash.Univ. 77]
Religion: priests of the temple of Ammon [P.Harr. 198]; monastery of St George
[P.NYU II 22]; (Christian) priests(?) [P.Oxy. 1147]; deacon [P.Oxy. 2244]; heortika
[P.Oxy. 2032.4]
Officials: komogrammateus (also of Tychinphagon) [P.Kln 489]; director (ekboleus) of
the public dikes [P.NYU II 4]; protokometai ( ), komarchai
[P.Oxy. 133, 3109]; meizon/meizoteros [P.Oxy. 1147, 1831, 2021, 3805]; boethos [P.Erl.
54, P.Oxy. 1147, 2032.3]; epimeletes [P.Oxy. 1652]; sitologos (from, but not necessarily
of, Takona) [P.Oxy. 3273]; desert guards (eremophylakes) [P.Oxy. 3333]; koinon of the
village nominating a nomikarios [P.Oxy. 3985]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 4486, 5004, SB
12313]; dekaprotoi [P.Oxy.Hels. 27]; guard (phylakites) [P.Tebt. 745]
Occupations: scribe (grammateus) [P.Oxy. 133]; camel-driver [P.Oxy. 1652
(dromadarios), 1870 (kamelarios)]; pragmateutai (of the Apion estate) [P.Oxy. 1830];
shepherds [P.Oxy. 1831]; stablemen (stabilitai) [P.Oxy. 1147, 1906, 2021, 2480]; pulsemerchant (osprigites) [P.Oxy. 2021]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032.17 (Papnouthios)];
donkey-driver [P.Kln 489 (demosioi onelatai), P.Oxy. 2182, 4486]; georgos [P.Oxy.
2244]; chief-shepherd (archipoimen) [PSI 286]; cobbler (skyteus) [SB 13109]
Noteworthy landowners: Ammonas son of Didymos, Alexandrian [P.Oxy. 3109]; Apion
estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 133 (pagarchoumene by the Apiones), 998, 1053, 1147, 1830,
1906, 1908, 1921, 2028, 2032, 2035, 2206, 2207, 2243(b), 2244, 2480, PSI 954]
Military: Cyrenean lochagos (Zenodoros) [P.Sorb. 71]; catoecic cavalryman
[P.Wash.Univ. 77]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

374

Other: katastatike [P.Oxy. 3805]; a woman from Takona living in Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy.
4681]
Note: see also s.v. . For a recent overview of the village, see S. Daris,
Takona nellOssirinchite, ZPE 168 (2009) 24751. On the Coptic and Arabic literary
evidence for the village, see Timm, Das christlich-koptische gypten II 55860.

- Ta.lanes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7383
SPP XX 206.8

VII

chorion(?)

- Talao
1) Lower toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2234
P.Hib. II 249.3 ( )
P.Hib. I 132 descr.
P.Yale I 34.2 = P.Hib. I 55 ( )
P.Hib. I 167 descr.
P.Oxy. LV 3778.1, 289
SB XVI 12760.13 = P.Oxy. II 350 descr.
SB XIV 12170.26
P.Oxy. II 368 descr. = SPP IV p. 116 (see ZPE 177
(2007) 233)
P.Kln III 141.10
P.Oxy. XLVI 3272 introd.
P.Vars. 12.1, 6, 12
P.Oxy. II 265.15
P.Kln III 137.1, 19, 24, 256
SB XVI 13048.4 = P.Oxy. II 378 descr.
PSI VI 687.3
P.Oxy. III 637.3, 12 (see BASP 44 (2007) 37)
P.Oxy. XLIX 3470.[1 n.], 9, 29
P.Oxy. XLIX 3471.1, 8, 25
SB VI 9190.4, 8, 12
P.Iand. VII 136.[1], 6

c. 2584 BCE
c. 255 BCE
250 BCE
c. 245 BCE
21
23 or 25
31/2?
43/4
57/8
c. 61/2
71
8196
88
8996
I/II
10917
131
131
131
135/6

<kome>
kome
kome
kome (9)
kome
kome
kome

375

SB XXII 15466.[3], 1752


P.Oxy. L 3560.5, 25
P.Oxy. XIV 1686.5, 7
P.Oxy. LXVII 4587.5
P.Mert. II 74.3, 6, 13, 17
P.Oxy. XLIV 3166.14
P.Oxy. XIV 1692.3, 7
P.Oxy. III 514.2, 5
P.Oxy. XXXI 2573.1
P.Oxy. VI 917.1
P.Kln II 105.5
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.105, 118
P.Oxy. LXIV 4437.13, 16
SB XIV 11403.ii.9 = BGU XI 2126
P.Oxy. XLVII 3365.35, 39, 50, 52, 70, 76
= P.Coll.Youtie I 65
PSI XV 1548.8
PSI Congr. XX 13.[2], [6], 24
SB XXVI 16570.83 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XLIV 3184(b).8
P.Oxy. X 1285.131
P.Oxy. XII 1529.4
P.Oxy. XVII 2140.8
P.Oxy. XXII 2346.25, 27, 29, 31, 47, 62, 64
P.Oxy. IV 695 introd.
P.Harr. I 136.3
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.2
SB XVIII 13109.5
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.49
P.Oxy. XVI 1934.3
P.Oxy. XVI 2018.17
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.31
SPP VIII 1346.2 (BL VIII 453)
P.Laur. II 47.3

147
163/4?
165/6
179
180, 212 or 304
187
188
190/91
II
II/III
208/9
21821
c. 22937
232/3
241

kome
<kome>
kome
topoi

c. 2424
260/61
290
297
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
306
IV
V/VI
576/7?
VI
VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
early VII

kome
[kome]

<kome>

topoi
kome/topoi
kome
kome (76)

kome

kome
kome
<kome>
kome
kome

Uncertain instance: see above, s.v. [ (1).


Delendum: P.Dubl. 5.4 = P.Oxy. I 385 descr.(87/8); see ZPE 170 (2009) 186.
Form: the toponym is indeclinable, except in the early Ptolemaic P.Hib. 249 and P.Yale
34.

52

Cf. the reservations about the Oxyrhynchite provenance of this census return in A. Jrdens,

Statthalterliche Verwaltung in der rmischen Kaiserzeit: Studien zum praefectus Aegypti (Stuttgart 2009) 83
n. 110.

376

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy


Arabic/modern counterpart: Tala according to Goma et al., Mittelgypten 90; but cf.
Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 99 n. 138, who suggests that Tala could also correspond
to the Heracleopolite village of Talae/Tale. Mazza is probably correct, for an
identification of Talao with Tala would not suit the close associations between Talao
and Sinary = inara (see below under Relative location).
Relative location: in the eastern part ( ) of the Lower toparchy [P.Kln
137.223]. Near Sinary (Lower toparchy) [P.Kln 141.10 ( ),
P.Oxy. 514.2 ( ; cf. also l. 5)]. The epoikia
Kainon [P.Oxy. 2195] and Pasigonios [P.Oxy. 3365.70] were in the vicinity.
Position in official lists of villages: between Takona and Isieion Kato [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Tychinphagon and Isieion Kato [P.Oxy. 1529]; between Souis and Psobthis
[P.Oxy. 1659.105], last after Sesphtha [P.Oxy. 1659.118]; first before Tholthis [SB 16570]
Categories of land: private [P.Iand. 136 (monartabos), P.Oxy. 1686, 3365]; uninundated
(abrochos) and artificially irrigated (epentlemene) [P.Iand. 136]; dry vineland
(chersampelos, chersos) [P.Kln 141, P.Oxy. 3365, SB 9190]; hypologos [P.Kln 141];
confiscated [P.Kln 141, SB 11403]; royal [P.Oxy. 368, P.Kln 137]; catoecic [PSI 687,
SB 9190]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Kln 137, 141, P.Oxy. 1686, 3365, SB 11403];
barley [P.Mert. 74]; chortos [P.Oxy. 1686]; lachanospermon [P.Oxy. 1686]; wine [P.Oxy.
1692, 3365]; reeds [P.Oxy. 1692, 3365]; fruit trees (akrodrya) [P.Oxy. 3365]
Associated kleroi: of Moschion [P.Oxy. 265, 3365]; of Kallias [P.Oxy. 1686, 3365]; of
Ptolemaios son of Tryphon [P.Oxy. 1692]; of Diokles [P.Oxy. 3365]; of Dionysios son of
Ptolemaios [P.Oxy. 3365]; of Dromon and Potamon [P.Oxy. 3365, SB 11403]; of
Potamon [P.Kln 137]; of Sogenes [P.Oxy. 3365]; of Aristippos [P.Oxy. 3365]; of
Seuthes [PSI 687]; of enes and Hippokrates [P.Kln 137]; of Apoll [P.Kln 137]; of
Konon and others [SB 9190]; of Enkairios [SB 15466]; of Dioskourides(?) [SB 11403]
Irrigation: waterwheel (trochos) [P.Oxy. 3365]; hydreumata [P.Oxy. 3365]; gyes [P.Iand.
136]
Topographical features: record-office (grapheion) [P.Oxy. 637, 3166, 3560, SB 9190];
granary [P.Oxy. 2346, 4587]; three-story house with aithrion in the northern parts of the
village near its circumference (perimetra), under which there is a basement (katageion)
and pronoesion [P.Oxy. 3365]; street of Isis (dromos Isidos) [P.Oxy. 3560]; small house
(oikidion) in the northern section of the latter street [P.Oxy. 3560]; house and courtyard
(aule) [P.Vars. 12]; walled vacant lots (psiloi topoi) with a house in ruins (oikia astatos)
[SB 15466]

377

Animals: sheep and lambs [P.Oxy. 3778]; goats and kids [P.Oxy. 3778]; pig [SB 16570];
horses (phoradia) [SPP VIII 1346]
Religion: priests of Isis [P.Oxy. 2573; cf. also the dromos Isidos in P.Oxy. 3560]; priests
of Herakles most great god [P.Oxy. 3470]; priests of the Greek temple of Zeus and Hera
[P.Oxy. 3471; cf. Miscellanea Toponomastica, ZPE (forthcoming 2012)]; a priest and
oikonomos of St. Kollouthos is mentioned in P.Oxy. 1934, but it is unclear whether this
church belonged to the village.
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Iand. 136, P.Kln 137, P.Oxy. 3272]; sitologoi [P.Kln
137, P.Oxy. 4587]; praktores argyrikon [P.Kln 105, P.Oxy. 917, 4437]; praktores [P.Kln
137 (komopraktores), P.Oxy. 2140]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 2573]; boundary inspector
(horiodeiktes) [P.Oxy. 2573]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3184(b), PSI Congr. XX 13]; overseer of
the peace (epistates eirenes) and his guard (phylax) [P.Oxy. 3184(b)]; field-guards
[P.Oxy. 3184(b)]; logographoi [P.Oxy. 4342]; grammateus [P.Oxy. 1934]; phylakia
liturgy [PSI Congr. XX 13]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1686]; shepherd [P.Oxy. 3778, P.Yale 34, SB 12760];
boat captain (kybernetes) [PSI 1548]
Noteworthy landowners: Apollonios son of Apollonios, bouleutes of Antinoopolis
[P.Oxy. 1686]; Apion son of Horion, gymnasiarchos of Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 1692];
Claudia Isidora alias Apia [SB 11403]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025]
Taxes and other imposts: ennomion, the tax of 1/24, hekte [P.Hib. 132 (Ptolemaic)];
apomoira [P.Kln 105]; naubion, eparourion, sponde Dionysou, naulos phoretrou
[P.Oxy. 917]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; poll-tax (laographia) [P.Oxy. 3272, SB 12760
(implied)]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
2) Middle toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13591
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.2, 8

176/7

topoi

Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 4889]


Note: this recently published papyrus is the only certain attestation of a village called
Talao in the Middle toparchy. If this is not a scribal error, some of the instances in 1) for
which there is no explicit indication of toparchy or relative location could refer to this
village.

See s.v. (P.Hib. II 249)

378

See s.v.

- Tammonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7397
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.26
P.Oxy. XX 2283.5

540/41
586

kome

Etymology: < Egyptian personal name .


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2032]

See s.v.

See s.v.

See s.v.

- Tanais
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2905
SB V 7619.4 ()
P.Coll.Youtie I 22.5 (), 15
P.Oxy. II 298.51
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2874.3, 9, [27]
P.Oxy. XXII 2351.8, 13, 46 (BL VIII 2567)
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4958.56
SB XII 10791.2 = P.Oxy. III 595 descr.
P.Mich. XVIII 786.4, 6, 8, 13, 14, 17, 19, 213, 26,

26
87/8
I
108
112
148
156
167

[kome]
kome
kome
kome
topoi

379

38, 51, 57, 65, 68, 72, 77, 97, 99,


102, 113, 119
SB XX 14199.3 = P.Oxy. III 505 + PSI IX 1035
P.Oxy. LVIII 3918.16
P.Heid. III 242.5
P.Oxy. III 505.3
P.Oxy. XXXI 2572.1
SB XVI 12756.9
P.Oxy.Hels. 24.5
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.64, 78
P.Oxy. XXXVI 2769.5
P.Oxy. XII 1444.8, 11, 14, 17, etc. (often )
P.Oxy. XIV 1631.[5], 6
SB XXVI 16570.52 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.[8], 99
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.75, [213]
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.44
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr.
SB XXIV 15970.3 = P.Gron.Amst. 1
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.103 ([?])

179
188/9
II
II
II
II
217
21821
242
249
280
290
III
III
III/IV
IV
455
before 566

kome
kome

kome (8)
kome
kome

kome

Etymology: The name of this village of the Middle toparchy is the same as the Greek
name of the Russian river Don and of a settlement at its mouth. An in the
same toparchy was called , the name of the Danube and a settlement at the
mouth of the Danube. It may be that these place names reflect the presence of Thracian
immigrants in the area, compare in general V. Velkov, A. Fol, Les Thraces en Egypte
Grco-Romaine (P.Oxy. 3918.16 n.).
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; probably in the 7th pagus (see P.Oxy. LV
3795.12 n.)
Relative location: in SB 10791 Tanais shares sitologoi with Petne (Middle toparchy; 7th
pagus[?]), suggesting proximity between the two villages. In P.Oxy. 4958 a man from
Tanais farms royal land around Sepho (Thmoisepho toparchy; 7th pagus).
Position in official lists of villages: between Ieme and Herakleion [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Pakerke and Ieme [P.Oxy. 1659.64], first before Toka [P.Oxy. 1659.78]; last
after Kerkeura [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Istrou and Taampeti [SB 16570]
Categories of land: royal [P.Coll.Youtie 22]; public [P.Oxy.Hels. 24]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Coll.Youtie 22, P.Oxy. 2351, 2874]; achyron
[P.Heid. 242]; wine [P.Oxy. 1631]; reeds [P.Oxy. 1631]; palm trees [P.Oxy. 1631];
various fruit trees (peaches, citrons, figs) [P.Oxy. 1631]; melons [P.Oxy. 1631]; olive
trees [P.Oxy. 1631]; arakos [P.Oxy. 2351, 2874]; chortos [P.Oxy. 2874]

380

Associated kleroi: of Theokritos(?) [P.Coll.Youtie 22.1516 n.]; of Nikaios [P.Oxy. 2351,


2874]
Topographical features: house [P.Oxy. 298]; house in the southeastern part of the
village with aithrion, vaults (kamarai) and a courtyard (aule) [P.Oxy. 3918]; public
granary [P.Oxy. 1444, P.Oxy.Hels. 24]; threshing floor [P.Oxy. 2351, 2874]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 1631.15]; calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]; oxen (boika ktene)
[SB 15970]
Officials: presbyteroi [P.Heid. 242]; sitologoi [P.Mich. 786, P.Oxy. 2769, P.Oxy.Hels. 24,
SB 10791]; dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 1444]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 2572]
Occupations: doctor (iatros) [P.Oxy. 1912]; paidaria [P.Oxy. 2351.21]; wet-nurse [SB
7619]; slave woman [SB 7619]; georgoi [P.Mich. 786.14]
Noteworthy landowners: Phatres Harthoonios, priest of Thoeris, Isis and Sarapis in
Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 2351]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: mowing of rushes (thryokopia) [P.Oxy. 2874]. A citizen of Antinoopolis owns a
house in Tanais [P.Oxy. 3918]. A person from Tanais owns house property in
Oxyrhynchus [SB 14199].
Note: [] has been restored in SB XXII 15828.13 (III), a list of villages in the
Herakleidou Meris of the Arsinoite nome. If the restoration is correct, this would be a
homonymous village in the Arsinoite, but the reading is very uncertain.

- Tantape
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7535
P.Oxy. LVIII 3952.18

610

Relative location: coupled with Ptolema, with which it formed an Apionic prostasia
(Nikes and Serenou were perhaps also part of this prostasia) [P.Oxy. 3952]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 3952 (Phoibammon, who is also priest)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3952]

381

** [ - Tanyph[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7426
SB I 1945.28

V/VI

chorion(?)

after 547
VI/VII

kome(?)

See s.v.

- Tapeklam
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7436
P.Oxy. XVI 1916.22, 34
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.23

Uncertain instance: the editors restoration of []() in SB XXIV 16270.4 and


16271.4 (341) is highly uncertain; see ZPE 170 (2009) 190.
Relative location: coupled with Berky (a village on the border of the Oxyrhynchite and
Hermopolite nomes) in P.Oxy. 2025.
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1916 (Abraamios)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1916, 2025]

- Tapero
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10117
P.Oxy. XIV 1771.6 (BL IX 188)

III/IV

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1771 mentions jars of old wine labeled
(epigegrammena) ]
Note: cf. the edaphos in P.Oxy. XVI 1911.108 (557).

382

, - Tapetroniou, Nesos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9537
P.Oxy. LV 3805.67

after 566

Etymology: indicates that the land was formed by fluvial deposits; see Drew-Bear,
Le Nome hermopolite 43, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 6, Rowlandson,
Landowners and Tenants 34 (with further references). The second element is
compounded of the Latin name Petronius and the Egyptian feminine article, but no
personal name such as is attested. A place-name is attested
[see above s.v.] (n. ad loc.).
Relative location: near Thmoinakomis (formerly in the Eastern toparchy) [P.Oxy. 3805]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3805]

- Tapoutos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10416
SB XXII 15603.17 = P.Corn. 52+53

late III

Etymology: < Egyptian female personal name .


Occupations: ergatai [SB 15603]

- Taricherou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10418
P.Hamb. inv. 547.3 (APF 50 (2004) 164)

473

epoikion

Etymology: hamlet of (the) pickler.


Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Hamb. inv. 547]; estate pronoetes [P.Hamb.
inv. 547]

383

Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Hamb. inv. 547]

- Tarouthinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2906
P.IFAO III 43.1920
P.Oxy. II 384 descr.
P.Oxy. XXXI 2575.1
SB XXII 15271.34 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.56
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.66, 93, 185, 191 (BL IX 72,
XI 154)
P.Oxy. XVI 1952.3
P.Oxy. LV 3804.138, 165
P.Oxy. LV 3805.24
SB XIV 11617.10
P.Oxy. XVI 2012.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.17
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.28
P.Wisc. II 67.2, 7
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. VII 1053.17

20/21
25
II/III
V
540/41
557
564
566
after 566
580
590
VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion
epoikion

ktema

ktema
[ktema]

Uncertain instances: SB V 7633.11, 17 (III?), reedited in Aeg. 88 (2008) 1216, probably


refers to the kleros of the same name rather than the village; cf. the note ad loc. in the ed.
princ. by M. Norsa, Aeg. 2 (1921) 1718, and Pruneti, I centri 198 s.v. n. 3; for the kleros
see now P.Oxy. LVII 3903.2, 3908.4, 3909.4 (99). See also below under Some
Acephalous Toponyms s.v. ] .
Delendum: P.Oxy. I 134.26; see BL VIII 232, IX 178.
Etymology: Cet epoikion tire son nom de son fondateur ou de son premier propritaire,
un certain , un Thrace, soldat ou colon (P.IFAO III 43.1920 n.); cf. also the
Oxyrhynchite kleros of the same name in the Western toparchy (P.Oxy. LVII 3903.2 n.).
For an early Ptolemaic cleruch named Tarouthinas, see F. Uebel, Die Kleruchen
gyptens unter den ersten sechs Ptolemern (Berlin 1968) 294.
Administrative subdivision: perhaps in the Eastern toparchy ([P.Oxy. II] 384) (P.Oxy.
2575.1 n.).

384

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 384]; chortos [P.Oxy. 3805, SB 15271];


wine [SB 11617]
Religion: there is no martyrion of St Serenus in this village (see P.Oxy. 3804.1647 n.);
Jews(?) [P.IFAO III 43 introd.]
Officials: sitologoi(?) [P.Oxy. 384]; archephodos [P.Oxy. 2575]; collectors of the dyeing
trade tax (telonai baphikes) [P.Oxy. 2575]
Occupations: potters [P.Oxy. 1911.185, 191]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2034 (Ioseph?)];
weavers (gerdioi) [P.Oxy. 2575]; shepherd (Jewish?) [P.IFAO III 43]; georgos [SB 15271]
Noteworthy landowners: all sixth- and seventh-century instances appear to relate to the
Apion estate.
Taxes and other imposts: poll-tax (laographia) [P.IFAO III 43 (implied)]
Note: P.Oxy. 1952 is an order from the Apion estate to deliver bread to 200 onomata
from Tarouthinou (cf. also P.Oxy. 2012 and Tyche 22 (2007) 21718).

, - Tarouthinou, Megales
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5663
SB V 8264.4
P.Oxy. LXX 4790.15
P.Oxy. I 135.14, 32 = W.Chr. 384
P.Col. VIII 245v.1
P.Princ. II 87.1213 (BL VIII 284)
P.Mich. XV 743.10
P.Wisc. I 11.7, 36 (BL VI 70)

524
578
579
VI
612
622
646/661/676

ktema
[ktema]
ktema
epoikion
ktema
ktema
ktema

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Col. 245, P.Mich. 743, P.Wisc. 11, SB 8264]
Animals: ktene [P.Oxy. 135.17, 4790.25]
Occupations: enapographoi georgoi [P.Oxy. 135, 4790]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 135, 4790]
Note: it is unclear whether this village is identical to Tarouthinou tout court; cf. P.Oxy.
135, where an enapographos georgos is said to be from Megales Tarouthinou in line 14
and simply from Tarouthinou in line 32 (in this line from the docket the word

385

[][][ is largely restored, but the document is complete and there is no space
for afterwards; cf. the online image through HGV). Both toponyms are
connected to the Apion estate.

, - Tarouthinou, Mikron
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11756
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5010.4

III/IV

<epoikion?>

Relative location: P.Oxy. 5010 is an order addressed to the komarchai and demosioi of
Berky, a village on the border of the Oxyrhynchite and Hermopolite nomes, to send up a
man and his son, both living in Mikron Tarouthinou, to the city. The implication seems
to be that this settlement lay within the administrative orbit of Berky.

- Tarousebt
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7452
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.31 ()
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.79
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.32 (= SB XXIV 16324), 52, 53,
75, 80, 84, 103, 107, 110, 111,
112, 114, 146, 158, 176, 182, 188,
191 (sometimes )
P.Oxy. LV 3804.102, 1245, 147, 153, 156, 175,
196, 1989, 2012, 218, 224, 249,
282
P.Oxy. LV 3805.87
P.Oxy. I 134.26 (; BL IX 178)
P.Princ. III 158.13
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Oxy. VII 1053.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.20

late V
528/543/558
557

epoikion
epoikion
epoikion/ktema

566

epoikion/ktema

after 566
569
VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII

ktema
ktema

ktema
epoikion

Arabic/modern counterpart: Tarub (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 92), but cf. Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 89 n. 65: localit moderna che tuttavi si trova molto a nord
rispetto alla ipotetica collocazione della pronoesia intorno ai territori un tempo
appartenuti al I pago. Tarub is effectively in the territory of the Heracleopolite nome.

386

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Kisson, Trigyou,
Loukiou and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern part
of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (cf. P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). The village shared an
Apionic ergodioktes with Trigyou, Nesos Leukadiou and Anta [P.Oxy. 1911.84,
3804.156]; cf. also P.Oxy. 134, where stone from the quarries of Nesos Leukadiou is
destined for Tarousebt.
Categories of land: autourgia [P.Oxy. 1911.107, 3804.196]
Cultures/agricultural products: land overgrown with grass [P.Oxy. 1911.103, 3804.175];
wine [P.Oxy. 1911.33 (= SB 16324), 175 (neophyta choria), 182, 188, 191, 3804.87, 104,
218, 224]
Irrigation: lakkos [P.Oxy. 134, 1911.158]; reinforcement of dikes [P.Oxy. 1053];
mechane [P.Oxy. 1911.158 (called ; BL IX 191), 2244 (called ),
3804.249 (called )]; P.Oxy. 3804.224 mentions land damaged by water.
Religion: (Christian) priests [P.Oxy. 1911.33, 37, 3804.103, 107]; church [P.Oxy.
1911.75, 3804.147]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1911.84, 3804.153]; potamitai [P.Oxy.
1053, 1911.157, 3804.224]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1911.32 (koinon), 182, 188, 191,
3804.218]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 1911.32 (koinon), 53 (koinon), 2244, 3804.104, 113 (koinon)
etc.]; ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 1911.84, 3804.156]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]
Note: P.Oxy. 134 concerns the transport of 200 blocks of stone to the cistern (lakkos) at
Tarousebt.

- Taotri..
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7483
P.Princ. III 133.10

303

epoikion

- Tbeke
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7487

387

P.Oxy. XVI 2036.3, 27, 28

late V

epoikion

Etymology: < Egyptian female personal name .


Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2036.3]

- Tbo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7494
P.Oxy. XLIII 3140.4
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3429.7 (; see n. ad loc.)
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.6, 19, 30
P.Oxy. LV 3805.7, 9
SB I 1989(k)

III/IV
IV
late V
after 566
?

epoikion
epoikion
chorion

Irrigation: winch (chamoulkos) [P.Oxy. 3140]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 3805]
Note: in P.Oxy. 2036.19, 30 the toponym appears as .

( ) - Tebre( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7499
P.Lond. V 1798.5

470

(?) - Teersas(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9662
P.Oxy. LV 3787.3 ( )

c. 31320?

388

Relative location: It was presumably a small place in the neighbourhood of Dositheu


[Lower toparchy; 8th pagus] (n. ad loc.).
Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]
Editors note ad loc.: in view of the damage to the surface the reading is no more than a
suggestion.

- Tentyris
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2313
PSI I 80.18, 19, 20, 23

VI

epoikion

Occupations: georgoi [PSI 80]

- Texei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2908
P.Erl. 93.12
SB XXVI 16570.64 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.[25], 118
P.Harr. II 232.2
SB XVI 13035.17, 55 = P.Bon. 39 ()
PSI VI 711.23, 4
P.Mich. XX 826.28
P.Oxy. VI 997 descr. ()

II/III
290
III
304
341
360
c. 35575
IV

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy; 7th pagus (see P.Oxy. LV 3795.12 n., now
confirmed by P.Mich. 826)
Position in official lists of villages: between Takolkeilis and Sepho [P.Oxy. 997];
between Taampeti and Petenoureos [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Senopotheos and Plelo [SB
16570]
Topographical features: granary [PSI 711]
Animals: ktene [PSI 711]; pig [SB 16570]

389

Officials: sitologoi [P.Harr. 232]; presbyteros (but possibly a priest) [P.Mich. 826]
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: in SB 13035 farmers from Texei cultivate land in Kosmou and Dositheou (both
in the Lower toparchy); one of them (55) is explicitly said to reside in the hamlet
Premenous.

(?) - Teouch(is?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7525
P.Oxy. XIV 1648.40

late II

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy (see P.Oxy. 1648.40 n.).


Relative location: P.Oxy. 1648 mentions land (?).
Taxes and other imposts: tax on the inheritance of catoecic land [P.Oxy. 1648]
Note: not () according to the editors.

- Tepouis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7528
P.Oxy. IV 721.9 = W.Chr. 369
P.Oxy. XIV 1648.36, 40, 81

13/14
late II

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Relative location: P.Oxy. 721 mentions land , suggesting
proximity between the two villages. P.Oxy. 1648 similarly mentions land
(36, 81) and (?) (40).
Categories of land: royal [P.Oxy. 721]; hypologos [P.Oxy. 721]
Taxes and other imposts: tax on the inheritance of catoecic land [P.Oxy. 1648.40]

390

- Terythis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2645
P.Theon. 2.2
P.Oxy. LXII 4336.4 (), 1819, 25
PSI XIV 1414.26
SB XVIII 13150.12
P.Oxy. VII 1040.14
SB XXVI 16570.26 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.87
P.Oxy. XII 1507.3
P.Oxy. I 65.2
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.28
SB VI 9214.6
P.Oxy. XIX 2235.11, 1516, 1819
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3425.8
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3393.7, 2021
SB XVI 12523.4 = P.Med. I 86
PSI I 80.6, 22
P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.8 (() ())

156
c. 16971
II?
II
225
290
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
311
c. 346
c. 35965
365
394
VI?
VII/VIIII

[topoi]

kome

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome

chorion

Uncertain instances:
P.Col. VII 191.3 ()53

mid IV

N.B.: A village of the same name is attributed to the Cynopolite nome in P.Hamb. I
17.i.12, ii.1, 11 (210), P.Oxy. X 1254.1819 (260; corrected in P.Oxy. 1507 descr.), and
P.Kln III 151.5 (423); see Litinas, APF 40.2 (1994) 1612. In ZPE 171 (2009) 1815 I
argue that, as a result of my equation of this village with modern Dahrut, some other
instances previously thought to refer to Oxyrhynchite Terythis probably relate to
Cynopolite Terythis. These are: P.Tebt. III.2 876.48, 91, 93 (late II BCE), SB XIV 11272.5
(211), P.Neph. 27.2 (336/7?), P.Oxy. XVI 2019.4, 15 (VI), P.Oxy. VI 998 descr. (late VI),
XVI 1937.2 (VI/VII), 2031.6 (VI/VII). There remain some instances from the late
antique period that are not easily assignable to one nome or the other:
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.15 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1998.1, 10 ()
P.Iand. III 51.17
P.Oxy. VIII 1165.10
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.10
53

late V
536
VI
VI
VI

kome
kome

Note ad loc.: one may suppose a spelling error in this line for Seryphis or Terythis ... or else an

otherwise unattested village.

391

SB XIV 11492.4, 10 ( )
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.9
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.8
PSI I 89.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2056.1, 17
P.Bad. IV 97.19 (BL VIII 16)
SB I 1973.1 ()

VI
late VI
VI/VII
605
VII
VII/VIII
?

kome

Etymology: uncertain; cf. Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite 28990.


Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Oxyrhynchite Terythis has been traditionally equated with
modern Dahrut (cf. Goma et al., Mittelgypten 87), but Rowlandson, Landowners and
Tenants 13, has pointed out that the close connections of Terythis with Adaiou and the
Upper toparchy (see under Relative location) and its position in the 4th rather than the
5th pagus (like most known Eastern toparchy villages) makes the identification of
Terythis with Dahrut very unlikely, despite the undoubted similarity of names. Dahrut
is, in effect, to the north of other identifiable Eastern toparchy villages and close to
Taampeti of the Middle toparchy/7th pagus (modern Tambidi). I argue in ZPE 171
(2009) 1815 that Dahrut can be plausibly identified with Cynopolite Terythis.
Relative location: P.Oxy. 2235 concerns a dispute over whether a piece of land belongs
to the taxable territory of Adaiou (Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus) or Terythis, suggesting
that the two villages were close neighbours. Probably close to a waterway [cf. the
mention of fishing in SB 13150]. Coupled with Episemou (Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus) in
SB 12523.
Position in official lists of villages: between Adaiou and Taampemou [P.Oxy. 1285];
first before Adaiou [P.Oxy. 1747, SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2235, 4336]
Associated kleroi: of Kratidemos and others [PSI 1414]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Oxy. 1040]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; donkey (sold in Oxyrhynchus) [SB 9214]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 65, 1507]; epistates eirenes [P.Oxy. 1507]; grammateus
[P.Oxy. 2235]; praktores [P.Oxy. 2235]; boethos [P.Oxy. 3393, SB 12523]
Occupations: overseers (teretai) [P.Oxy. 1507]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 4336]; phrontistes
[P.Oxy. 4336]; estate prostates [P.Theon. 2]; fishing [SB 13150]

392

Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Oxy. 4336, P.Theon. 2]; it is unclear whether
the estate (ousia) of Achilles mentioned in SB 12523 belongs to Terythis.
Taxes and other imposts: requisition of meat [SB 16570]

, - Terythis Aetiou, Mikra


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5764
P.Oxy. XVI 1983.8, 29

535

epoikion/ktema

Etymology: see above s.v. ; second element < Greek personal name .
Topographical features: mill [P.Oxy. 1983]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 1983]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1983]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1983]
Note: this was probably a small hamlet in the vicinity of Terythis of the former Eastern
toparchy/4th pagus; see ZPE 171 (2009) 183, 184 n. 26.

** ( ) - Teser( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7564
SB I 1945.29

V/VI

chorion(?)

- Teis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2907
SB XVI 12762.6 = P.Oxy. II 352 descr.
P.Oxy. XIX 2234.3
P.Oxy. IV 808 descr.
P.Ryl. IV 597.56
P.Oxy. XLII 3061.10

28
31
5468
90
I

kome
kome

393

SB XX 14635.16, 19
P.Oxy. XII 1435.3
P.Iand. VII 139.15, 17
P.Oxy. IX 1198.45, 11
P.Oxy. XII 1436.35 ([)
P.Oxy. XLI 2961.5, 15, 17
P.Oxy. XLI 2962.3, 10, 11
P.Oxy. XLI 2963.5, 15, 17
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.45
P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.9, 10
P.Oxy. X 1262.13, 19
SB XVI 12331.8
PSI IX 1039.5
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.86, 93
P.Oxy. LII 3689.34, 8
P.Amst. 31.1 (][; BL VIII 7)
SB XXII 15214.12 n.
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.14
O.Fay. 27.1
O.Fay. 28.1
P.Oxy. IX 1200.14, 16
SB XXVI 16570.72 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XLIV 3183.24
P.Oxy. X 1285.126
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.8, 42, 242
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.15 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. XII 1546.10
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.47
P.Oxy. I 64.2 = W.Chr. 475
SB XIV 11295.3 n.
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.1, 3
P.Oxy. LV 3788.6
P.Oxy. XLV 3254.4
P.Oxy. LV 3790.6
P.Oxy. XII 1448.2
SB XVIII 13260.6, 8
P.Oxy. LX 4089.22
P.Rein. II 92.9
P.Giss. 115.ii.3
P.Oxy. XII 1545.7

127
147
148?
150
156/7
154
154
154
165
176/7
197
II/III
216/17 or 267/8
21821
226
227/8 or 228/9
240/41
2536
258
258
266
290
292
III
III
III
late III
III/IV
III/IV
III/IV
III/IV
early IV
309
31215
c. 317/18
after 324
328
351
393
IV
IV

kome
kome
kome (20)
kome
[topoi]
<kome>/topoi
<kome>/topoi
<kome>/topoi

<kome>
kome
<kome>
[kome]

kome

kome
kome

kome
kome

kome
kome

Uncertain instance:

394

P.Polit.Iud. 8.2 (),


9 ( ed.; BL XII 161),
33 ( ed.; [] BL XII 161)

133 BCE

kome

Delenda: O.Deiss. 53.1 (268); see BL XII 307 under O.Meyer 53.
SB V 7666.3 (330); see BL XI 202.
P.Oxy. VII 1053.28 (VI/VII); see BL VIII 240, XI 140.
Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus (= in
P.Oxy. 1448, 3307)
Position in official lists of villages: between Sepho and Palosis [P.Oxy. 1285]; first
before Kesmouchis [P.Oxy. 1448]; first before Paomis [P.Giss. 115, P.Oxy. 1659, 1747,
3307, SB 16570, Manchester Museum inv. 10893]; first before Palosis(?) [P.Oxy.
1659.93]
Cultures/agricultural products: fig-mulberry trees (sykaminoi) [P.Iand. 139]; flax
[P.Oxy. 3254]; wine [SB 12331]
Associated kleroi: Dryou (of the Woodland) [P.Oxy. 2234]; of Kallikrates [SB 12331]
Irrigation: dike (formerly of Dionysios son of Phmois) reinforced with planted trees
[P.Iand. 139]; the great perichoma, also planted with trees [P.Iand. 139]; repairs of
dikes overseen by chomatepimeletai or chomatepeiktai [P.Oxy. 1546]; public dike
(demosion choma) [P.Oxy. 2234]; lakkos [P.Oxy. 2234]
Topographical features: workshop (ergasterion) of a blacksmith [P.Oxy. 989]; vacant lot
(psilon topon) in the middle part of the village [P.Oxy. 1200]; house [SB 13260]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]; donkeys [O.Fay. 278, P.Oxy. 2182 (all
performing state transport service in the Arsinoite nome)]; fish [P.Oxy. 2234]; oxen
(requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]; sheep and lambs [SB
12762]; goats and kids [SB 12762]
Religion: temple and pastophoros of Apollo ( ) [P.Oxy. 1435]; hieropsaltes
of Ammon, Kronos, Hera, Herakles, Sarapis and associated gods in a temple qualified as
logimon and called Imbienophris [PSI 1039]; other priests (male and female) of the
latter temple [PSI 1039]; theagoi and theagissai of the same temple [PSI 1039.23ff., 45,
47]; pastophoroi and pastophorissa of the same temple [PSI 1039.28ff., 42, 5051]; Jews
[P.Polit.Iud. 8]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Iand. 139 (of Teis and other villages of the Thmoisepho
toparchy), P.Oxy. 1198]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 64, 3109]; epistates eirenes [P.Oxy. 64];
praktores (argyrikon) [P.Oxy. 1436, SB 13260]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 29613]; eirenarchos
[P.Rein. 92]

395

Occupations: shepherd who is also apparently donkey-driver [O.Fay. 2728];


blacksmith (chalkeus) [P.Oxy. 989]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; fishermen [P.Oxy.
2234]; camel-driver [P.Oxy. 3788]
Noteworthy landowners: Kronios also called Nepotianos, a bouleutes, owned property
in the village [P.Oxy. 1200]
Taxes and other imposts: third on baths (trite balaneion), vicarius, desert-guards rate
(merismos eremophylakias), poll-tax (laographia), ousiakos phoros paradeison, pig-tax
(huike), acerage tax (eparouriou), sponde Dionysou [P.Oxy. 1436]; vestis militaris
[P.Oxy. 1448]; supply of meat, probably for military purposes [P.Oxy. 1545, 3790];
crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; grain collected from Teis by the epimeletes of the military
camp at Psobthis [P.Oxy. 4089]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: the ethnic occurs in P.Laur. II 42v.4 (IV/V).
Note: though O.Fay. 278 are of Arsinoite provenance, I follow Pruneti in identifying
Teis in these ostraca with the Oxyrhynchite village, since donkeys from villages of the
Oxyrhynchite nome were frequently requisitioned to the Arsinoite nome for the state
transport of grain. A village Teis in the Arsinoite nome is only attested by a couple of
documents of the Islamic period (see P.Horak 64.5 n.; the reading of SB I 5338.4 [IV
VII], cited by Calderini-Daris, Dizionario IV 408, is very uncertain).

- Tillonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7599
P.Mich. XIV 682.2
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.1, 7, 11, 15, 19, 65, 70, 86, 93,
95, 116, 120, 124, 167
P.Oxy. VI 998 descr.
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.30

496
576/7?

epoikion
epoikion/ktema

late VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Nekonthis, Aroures, Kainon,


Tancheo, Sypheos, Amokos, Erotos and Euangeliou [P.Oxy. 2195], which was in the
northern part of the nome, not far from Talao (former Lower toparchy); see Mazza,
Larchivio degli Apioni 989. The mention of a in P.Mich.
682.1 need not imply proximity to the Bahr Yusuf; cf. P.Oxy. LV 3804.2212 n.
( ... often means canal in the papyri).

396

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 2195.124]


Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2195.95 (called ), 124 (called )]; lakkos
[P.Mich. 682]
Topographical features: two bakeries (artokopeia) [P.Oxy. 2195.16]
Religion: (Christian) priest [P.Oxy. 2195.4]; church [P.Oxy. 2195.86]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 2195.11, 16 etc.]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy.
2195.93]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 998, 2025, 2195, P.Wash.Univ. 84]
Note: cf. the mechane of the same name in P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.86 (576/7?), which was
situated in the area of Nekonthis.

* - Tinotbe
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11698
P.Oxy. LXXII 4916.5

472

kome

V/VI
c. 56788
early VII

epoikion

- Tkout
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7625
SB XIV 12130.5, 11, [17]
P.Oxy. XVI 2020.33 (cf. BL VII 143)
P.Laur. II 47.3

Relative location: named together with Mikras Rhymes [P.Oxy. 2020]


Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]
Taxes and other imposts: arkarika [P.Oxy. 2020]

397

- Tlea
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7628
P.Oxy. XVI 2000.3

VI/VII

Relative location: perhaps in the Apionic prostasia of Hiereon [P.Oxy. 2000]


Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2000]
Note: in P.Laur. II 42v.1 (IV/V) the editor suggests that the unique personal name
is an ethnic based on the village .

* [ - Tmoi.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=12524
P.Cair.Zen. IV 59770.3

mid-III BCE

Note: the papyrus is of Arsinoite provenance, but mentions the Oxyrhynchite village of
Takona in l. 13 (cf. also 17 [, perhaps Oxyrhynchite Pakerke). Tmoi.[ is therefore
assigned to the Oxyrhynchite nome by P. W. Pestman et al., A Guide to the Zenon
Archive (P.Lugd.Bat. 21; 1981) 500.

See s.v.

- Tmonakon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7640
PSI I 80.4

VI?

kome

398

- Toe
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7668
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.24, [64]
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.58
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.29, 49, 51
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.178, 179, 189

528/543/558
540/41
c. 555?
576/7?

ktema

Uncertain instance/Delendum: P.Oxy. XVI 1911.94 (557); see BL IX 190.


Etymology: -i.t(?); see Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 187.
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244]
Occupations: potter (kerameus) [P.Oxy. 1913]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

- Toka
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2914
P.Oxy. LXVII 4582.6
P.IFAO I 21.9
P.Oxy. II 299.3 (BL VIII 235)
P.Oxy. XLI 2973.3, 11
SB XVIII 13368.6
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.44 (BL VII 144)
PSI IX 1034.1
SB XXII 15352.1, 3 = P.Oxy. I 167 descr.
P.Oxy. LV 3783.7
P.Oxy. XLI 2997.6, 9
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.74, 79 (BL VIII 248)
P.Oxy. XXII 2338.90
SB XXVI 16570.66 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.106 (BL VIII 2434)
P.Oxy. XVII 2140.10
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.65, 206
PSI Congr. XVII 26.4, 5, 13
PSI III 219.4, [7]
P.Oxy. LXIII 4384.3, 7, 10

16
5468
late I
103
126/7
165
after 166
190245
206
214
21821
after 289
290
III
III
III
III
III (2nd half)
385

kome
[kome]
kome
kome

kome
kome

kome
kome

399

P.Princ. II 100.4
SB XVI 12324.354
P.Oxy. LIX 4002.10

IV
late IV
IV/V

<kome>

Uncertain instance:
CPR XXV 9.14 (see BASP 47 (2010) 291)55

IV/V

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy. The village was transferred to the


Cynopolite nome sometime between 352(?) and 384; see P.Oxy. 4384.34 n.
Relative location: P.Oxy. 2997 specifies that Peenno (Middle toparchy) is near Toka; cf.
also P.IFAO I 21, where a shepherd registered in Peenno herds sheep in Toka, and
P.Oxy. 2182, where the two villages are joined in a single entry. Near Petne (Middle
toparchy; 7th pagus[?]) [P.Oxy. 4582]. Near the Nile(?) [SB 12579.22]
Position in official lists of villages: between Pou and Petne [P.Oxy. 1285]; between
Peenno and Herakleion [P.Oxy. 1659.74], between Tanais and Takolkeilis [P.Oxy.
1659.79]; between Plelo and Herakleion [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 2973]; reeds [PSI 219]; barley [PSI
Congr. XVII 26; cf. also P.Princ. 100]; cypress trees [SB 12579]
Associated kleroi: of Kallimachos with that of Bacchios [P.Oxy. 2973]
Irrigation: public dikes (demosia chomata) [PSI 219]
Topographical features: beehives (in the house of Diogenes) [P.Oxy. 4582]
Animals: sheep and lambs [P.IFAO I 21]; goats [P.IFAO I 21]; mice [P.Oxy. 299];
donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; bees [P.Oxy. 4582]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: praktores [P.Oxy. 2140]; demosioi [P.Oxy. 2997]; presbyteroi [P.Oxy. 3783];
komarchai [PSI 219]; hydrophylax [PSI 219]; archephodos [SB 15352]; sitologos [SB
12324]; field-guard (agrophylax) [SB 12579]
Occupations: mouse-catcher [P.Oxy. 299]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; beekeepers
(melissourgoi) [P.Oxy. 4582]; oil-seller (elaiopoles) [P.Princ. 100]; phrontistes [SB 12579]

54

On this document see R. S. Bagnall, Tyche 6 (1991) 3743.

55

Although reading at the end of the line is palaeographically preferable to the editors , the

division |[ - - - - ] is also possible in view of the uncertain context and the incompleteness of the
papyrus.

400

Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; prosodoi (


) [P.Oxy. 3783]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]; syntaxis [SB 15352]
Other: the sons of an agoranomos are apparently from Toka [P.Oxy. 2338]. The ethnic
occurs in SB XVI 12579.5 (late II).

- Toou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7678
P.Oxy. II 347 descr. (see ZPE 170 (2009) 1613)
PSI XII 1263.15 = SB V 7816
PSI IX 1036.3

c. 95
166/7
192

Uncertain instances: P.Oxy. VII 1068.17 (III) does not refer certainly to the
Oxyrhynchite village; Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 2323, argues that it should be
identified with the Heracleopolite village of the same name. For P.Oxy. LXXII 4868.7
(122/3) ]|, the possibility exists that here is the end of the toponym; cf.
(n. ad loc.). The suggestion to restore or () in
P.Wash.Univ. II 78.ii.14 (see n. ad loc.) is uncertain.56
Etymology: Le toponyme est bien connu dans la valle du Nil [including the
Aphroditopolite, Hermopolite and Heracleopolite nomes] o il correspond une ralit
gographique stable telle que la montagne ou le dsert (Drew-Bear, Le nome
Hermopolite 305 s.v.).
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 347]
Irrigation: canal (dioryx) [PSI 1036]
Noteworthy landowners: estate of the goddess Isis of Taposiris [PSI 1036]
Note: for a fuller discussion of the instances of this village, see ZPE 170 (2009) 163 (11
n.).

56

Cf. also the suggestion by Zauzich, Enchoria 15 (1987) 171, to identify P-w in O.Pisa 291.2 with

Oxyrhynchite Toou. Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 58, however, prefers to read here Pbw, the mound. See http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11380.

401

** (?) - Tosm..keli(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10229
P.Oxy. XX 2272.20 ([] )

II

- Toubis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7686
P.Hib. II 248 fr. 2.16

c. 250 BCE

Cultures/agricultural products: olive-oil [P.Hib. 248]

* - Tounis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2457
P.Cair.Zen. IV 59770.12

mid-III BCE

Note: the papyrus is of Arsinoite provenance, but mentions the Oxyrhynchite village of
Takona in l. 13 (cf. also 17 [, perhaps Oxyrhynchite Pakerke). Tounis is therefore
assigned to the Oxyrhynchite nome by P. W. Pestman et al., A Guide to the Zenon
Archive (P.Lugd.Bat. 21; 1981) 500.

/ - Touchi/Touchiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7690
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.115, 119 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2027.88, 89 ()

576/7?
VI

epoikion

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

402

( ?) - Touoseos(?)
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6122
PSI VIII 947.25 (BL VIII 404)

185/6

Note: the reading is uncertain; other possibilities include or (see


BL VIII 404).

See P.Oxy. LXX 4797.3 n. on P.Oxy. XVI 2016.10 and cf.


below s.v.

- Trene
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7708
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.40
P.Oxy. LXX 4797.3, 22 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2016.10 (see P.Oxy. 4797.3 n.)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.62, 66

528/543/558
583
VI
VI

epoikion
epoikion

Relative location: mentioned alongside Pateo and Arkisou [P.Oxy. 2197]


Irrigation: oknolakkos [P.Oxy. 2197]; mechane [P.Oxy. 2244 (called ), 4797
(called )]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2244]; enapographos georgos (a woman) [P.Oxy. 4797]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all instances]

- Trigyou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7713
P.Oxy. LXII 4342.i.3, 11 ()

IV

epoikion

403

SB I 1945.30 (; cf. BL VII 179)


P.Oxy. XVI 2032.83 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1911.73, 80, 84, 85, 86, 87, 160, 166
(in 160 )
P.Oxy. LV 3804.56, 147, 152, 1569, 222
(in 222 )
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).76, 80, 82, 83, 85 ()
P.Iand. III 51.21 ()
P.Princ. III 158.6 ()

V/VI
540/41
557

chorion(?)

566

epoikion/ktema

ktema

590
VI
VI

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. XVIII 2206.6 (()? BL VIII 255)

VI

Etymology: on the basis of the spelling in P.Oxy. 2243(a) (cf. also now P.Oxy.
4342) J. R. Rea suggests that the name means the place of the three . The meaning
of is still in doubt, but it indicates some drainage feature such as an embankment
or ditch, see [P.Oxy.] LI 3638.12 n. (P.Oxy. 3804.56 n.).
Administrative subdivision: probably in the 1st pagus (cf. P.Oxy. 4342.i.3 n.)
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Apelle, Pakiak, Kisson, Loukiou,
Tarousebt and Kotyleeiou [P.Oxy. 1911, 3804], which was apparently in the southern
part of the nome, not far from Isieion Panga (see P.Oxy. LV pp. 967). The village
shares an Apionic ergodioktes with Tarousebt, Anta and Nesos Leukadiou [P.Oxy.
1911.84, 3804.155; cf. also P.Oxy. 3804.2212 n.]. The presence of quarrymen [in
P.Oxy. 1911.1667] suggests that this hamlet lay nearer the Western Desert than the
Nile (P.Oxy. 3804.2212 n., and cf. below under Irrigation).
Cultures/agricultural products: palm trees [P.Oxy. 1911.86, 3804.60, 158]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) with lakkos [P.Oxy. 3804.222 (n. ad loc.:
The is not necessarily the Nile, since the word often means canal in the
papyri)]; mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 1911.160]; work on a dike [P.Oxy. 4342]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 1911.73, 2243(a).76, 3804.147]
Officials: chomatepistatai [P.Oxy. 4342]
Occupations: brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy. 1911.80, 2243(a).80, 3804.152];
ergodioktes [P.Oxy. 1911.84, 2243(a).83, 3804.156]; stonecutters (laotomoi) [P.Oxy.
1911.166, 2206]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3804.57]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 3804.60 (koinon), 61];
potamites [P.Oxy. 3804.222]

404

Taxes and other imposts: capitation tax (synteleia kephales) [P.Oxy. 1911.86, 3804.60,
158]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 1911, 2032, 2206, 2243(a),
3804]

** - Triodou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10142
SB XIV 11908.14 (cf. ZPE 151 (2005) 1413)

c. 260

Etymology: ktema (vel sim.) of (the) meeting of three roads.


Note: probably the name of a viticultural site rather than a settlement.

See s.v.

** - Trochou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10230
P.Fouad I 43.9

189/90

ktema

Etymology: Der Name leitet sich vom Griechischen Wort Rad, Wasserrad her
(Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit 308).
Administrative subdivision/Relative location: in the vicinity of Phoboou and therefore
probably in the Eastern toparchy.
Note: probably the name of a viticultural site rather than a settlement.

See s.v.

405

- Tryphonos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7723
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.38

576/7?

kome

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Note: see also s.v. and cf. the editors note ad loc.

- Trollou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10430
P.Oxy. LXX 4801.11, [16] ()

617

epoikion

Etymology/form: The original form was probably , though we find


(personal name) in [P.Oxy.] XXIV 2421.12 (IV) (n. ad loc.).
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 4801]
Occupations: enapographos georgos (a woman) [P.Oxy. 4801]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 4801]
Note: the toponym recurs in one other Apion text, currently being prepared for
publication (n. ad loc.).

- Tsimistea
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7744
SPP XX 206.5

VII

406

[ - Ty[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7757
PSI XII 1255.8

III

Relative location: near a river [PSI 1255]


Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 1255]
Associated kleroi: of Oph and Chamaxandros [PSI 1255]

[ ] - Tychi[n.....]
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7758
P.Oxy. LV 3779.6

20/21

kome

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy


Occupations: shepherd [P.Oxy. 3779]
Taxes and other imposts: pasture tax (ennomion) [P.Oxy. 3779]
Editors note ad loc.: or , both in the Lower toparchy, would
fit equally well, although the former is much better attested.

- Tychinabitoou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7756
P.Oxy. LXXII 4858.67
P.Col. X 267.9 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 186)
P.Oxy. III 501.78 (see BL VIII 236 and
P.Oxy. 4858.67 n.)

119
18092
186

kome(?) (see n.)

Relative location: This village may have belonged to the eastern toparchy, since in
[P.Oxy.] 501 someone originating from this village leases land near Taampemou, a
village in this toparchy (P.Oxy. 4858.67 n.; note, however, that perhaps only the

407

epitropos of the lessors is from Tychinabitoou, not the lessors themselves, who are said
to be the sons of a gymnasiarchos of Oxyrhynchus).
Other: P.Col. 267 appears to mention the boundaries of the village (perimetra), but the
reading is not wholly certain (cf. 9 n.).

- Tychinnekotis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7757
P.Oxy. II 290.6 (( ) ( ))
P.Oxy. II 280.8
P.Oxy. XLVII 3335.13
P.Palau Rib. 7.4, 28 = SB XIV 11428
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.42
P.Wisc. II 85.42, 44
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.177
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.54, 58
P.Oxy. XLII 3047.34, 45
PSI VI 712.4
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.16
SB XIV 12156.ii.10 = PSI VII 797v

83/4
88/9
99/100
137/8, 158/9 or 181/2
165
197 or 226
c. 20012
21821
245
295
III
late III

Form: older editors sometimes divide the toponym into two separate words on the basis
of the double abbreviation in P.Oxy. 290.
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy
Relative location: in P.Palau Rib. 7 a person from Tychinnekotis takes under lease land
near Leontos and is required to pay the rent at the threshing floor of Tychinnekotis,
suggesting that the two villages were near one another. Within the administrative orbit
of the village scribe of Phoboou (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), along with other Eastern
toparchy villages (Thmoinakomis, Thmoinepsobthis, Osoronnophrios, Schoibis)
[P.Oxy. 3047]. PSI 712 may suggest proximity to Taampeti (Middle toparchy; 7th pagus).
Position in official lists of villages: between Phoboou and Thmoinepsobthis [P.Oxy.
1659.54], between Satyrou and Thmoinepsobthis [P.Oxy. 1659.58]; last after Phoboou
[P.Wash.Univ. 81]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 3047]; uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 3047]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 280]; arakos [P.Oxy. 280]

408

Irrigation: private dike (idiotikon choma) called Papsis [P.Oxy. 290]; middle irrigation
basin (meson perichoma) [P.Oxy. 280, 3047]; lower irrigation basin (kato perichoma)
[P.Oxy. 3047]
Topographical features: house [P.Oxy. 290.20]; threshing floor [P.Palau Rib. 7]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; pig [SB 12156]; ox [SB 12156]
Officials: prostates [P.Oxy. 290.20]; sitologoi [P.Oxy. 3335]; officials in charge of the
irrigation (synbrochismos) [P.Wisc. 85]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; georgos (who is also brickmaker) [PSI 712]
Noteworthy landowners: Tiberius Claudius Theon son of Sarapion, Alexandrian
[P.Oxy. 290 (cf. Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 58)]; Calpurnia Herakleia alias
Eudamia [P.Oxy. 3047]; cf. the dorea (Ptolemaic gift-estate) formerly of Artemidoros
[P.Oxy. 280, 3047]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 12156]

- Tychinphagon
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7758
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.31
PSI XV 1527.11, 22, 27 = PSI Congr. XI 9
P.Oxy. LXXIV 5000.4, 9
P.Kln XII 489.2
P.Oxy. LXV 4486.5
SB XX 14292.11 ([])
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.110, 115
SB XXVI 16570.87 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.129 (BL I 334)
P.Oxy. XII 1529.3
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.28
P.Oxy. XIV 1747.54
PSI IV 286.24
SB XXIV 16095.7
P.Col. X 285.7, 412
P.Oxy. XIX 2233.7
P.NYU II 47.2

92
161
1669
II/III
II/III
c. 21425
21821
290
III
III
III
III/IV
III/IV
311
315
350
V/VI

kome
kome

kome

<kome>
kome
kome
kome

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy

409

Relative location: Tychinphagon shares a komogrammateus with Takona (Lower


toparchy) [P.Kln 489], which presupposes that they were relatively close. Near the
western desert (P.Oxy. 3333 introd.). People from Tychinphagon attack some
inhabitants of Ptolema [P.Oxy. 2233]. In P.NYU II 47 sailors are said to go up
() to Tychinphagon; the editors comment (2 n.): The few texts mentioning
the village do not tell us whether it was situated on a waterway, and in this regard it may
be significant that the verb , not is used.
Position in official lists of villages: first before Takona [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Tholthis
and Talao [P.Oxy. 1529]; last after Takona [P.Oxy. 1659.110], between Takona and
Sesphtha [P.Oxy. 1659.115]; between Kosmou and Mouchintale [P.Oxy. 1747]; between
Mouchintale and Psobthis [SB 16570]
Cultures/agricultural products: wool bought by the state and destined for the Thebaid
[SB 16095]
Associated kleroi: of Euenor [PSI 1527]; of dos/des [PSI 1527]; of achides [PSI 1527]
Topographical features: house, courtyard (aule) and vacant lots (psiloi topoi) [PSI 1527]
Animals: calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Kln 489]; desert guard (eremophylax) [P.Oxy. 3333];
archephodos [P.Oxy. 4486, 5000]; eirenophylax [P.Oxy. 5000]; komarchai [SB 16095]
Occupations: guard (phylax) [PSI 286]; donkey-drivers [P.Kln 489 (demosioi onelatai)]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia(?) [SB 14292]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]

- Tychinpsalbo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7759
P.Wash.Univ. II 78.i.9 n., ii.5, 10, 18, 19, 20, 21, 26 I (1st half)
PSI XV 1532.5
10017
P.Oxy. III 648 descr. (BL VII 130)
11738
Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy

410

Relative location: near Sinary (Lower toparchy) and the western desert [P.Wash.Univ.
78.ii.10]
Associated kleroi: of Alexandros [PSI 1532]
Irrigation: waterwheel (trochos) [P.Wash.Univ. 78]
Topographical features: vacant lot (psilos topos) and courtyard (aule) and another
walled vacant lot [P.Wash.Univ. 78]

See s.v.

411


- Phankona
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7801
P.Oxy. LXII 4343.32 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 1916 introd.
PSI VIII 954.56
P.Wash.Univ. II 84.4 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.27

IV
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII

epoikion(?)

epoikion

Relative location: probably in the territory of the former Lower toparchy (see Hickey, A
Public House but Closed 284 n. 85).
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 954]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1916, 2025, PSI 954, P.Wash.Univ. 84]

- Phai
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7806
BGU XIV 2397.6 () 57
P.Oxy. XLII 3063.3

214/213 BCE
II

kome

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 3063]; chortos [P.Oxy. 3063]


Associated kleroi: of Kallipos [BGU 2397]
Note: cf. also PSI I 77.13 (551), a lease mentioning an edaphos (said to be near
Spania, which was in the territory of the former Lower toparchy), and P.Oxy. LXXVII
5125.2 (VI), mentioning a mechane called .

57

Cf. note ad loc.: Phi und Alpha sind ziemlich sicher, Iota dagegen nicht.

412

- Phakra
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2878
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.56
P.Oxy. I 130.4
P.Oxy. LV 3805.38
P.Oxy. XVI 2012.3
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).62
P.Heid. inv. G 5144r.17, 18, 19
(see ZPE 139 (2002) 179)
P.Iand. III 51.19
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.6
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.7
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.5, 19, 21
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.9
SB XXII 15365.ii.6 = P.Oxy. II 204 descr.
P.Oxy. XVI 2057.13 (cf. BL IX 192)
P.Khalili I 1.2 = II 2

528/543/558
548/9?
after 566
590
590
VI
VI
VI
VI
late VI
VI/VII
606 or 621
c. 612
VIII

ktema

epoikion

chorion

Relative location: very probably in the territory of the former Lower toparchy (see
Gonis, CE 75 (2000) 130).
Arabic/modern counterpart: Faqr [P.Khalili I 1]. A modern site of this name is not
easily locatable. There is a place called Al-Faqira on the same latitude as Tala = Talao(?),
but it is on the right bank of the Nile and would have been subsumed under the territory
of the Heracleopolite nome.
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2244 (called a known a village name; see s.v.),
3805]; neos lakkos, oknolakkos [P.Heid. inv. G 5144r]
Animals: ktene [P.Oxy. 130]
Religion: distribution of alms (zakat) to the poor [P.Khalili I 1]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2031 (name lost), 2034 (name lost), 2035
(Victor), 2243(a) (Victor)]; georgos [P.Oxy. 2244]; a symmachos is from Phakra [SB
15365]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Oxy. 130, 2012, 2031, 2034, 2035,
2057, 2207, 2243(a), 2244, 3805, SB 15365]

413

Other: P.Oxy. 130 refers to a slave (doulos) of Apion II, but this is probably mere
rhetorical exaggeration in the context of the petition. P.Oxy. 3805 mentions a kyra Kale
in connection with this village.

** - Phanados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10231
P.Theon. 1.18 = P.Wisc. I 19

156

Note: both the reading (the word is crossed out) and the status as toponym are
uncertain; cf. J. Bingen, ZPE 1 (1967) 192.

- Phanbarous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11699
P.Oxy. LXXIII 4964.6

IV

epoikion

Occupations: ergates (requisitioned for work in Alexandria) [P.Oxy. 4964]

- Phani
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7823
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.113

576/7?

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2195]

See s.v.

414

** (), ( ) - Phantous, Megales


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7829
P.Oxy. XVIII 2195.114

576/7?

<kome>

471
c. 555?
590
590
VI
VI
VI
610
VII/VIII

epoikion

- Phatement
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7838
P.Oxy. LXIII 4391.1 (<>), 5 ((v.))
P.Oxy. XVI 1913.67 (())
P.Oxy. XVI 2012.1 (())
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).88 ()
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.32 ()
SB I 1969.3 (())
SB XX 15167.4 = VIII 9892 (())
P.Oxy. LVIII 3949.14 () 58
P.Sijp. 37.8 ()

epoikion
epoikion
chorion

Form: Sometimes this name appears with a mark like an apostrophe which is used at
the end of indeclinable Egyptian names and which has often been taken for a sign of
abbreviation. As a result () is sometimes printed, a form for which there is
no evidence (P.Oxy. 4391.1 n.).
Relative location: perhaps near Oxyrhynchus given its occurrence in P.Oxy. 1913, an
account dealing in large part with the Apion estates (cf.
Mazza, Larchivio degli Apioni 86). For connections with Aktouariou, cf. P.Oxy. 1913
and 2012.12.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 4391, SB 1969]
Irrigation: mechane [SB 15167]
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2243(a) (Philoxenos)]; ampelourgos [P.Oxy.
4391]; georgos [SB 1969]; ergates (sent to Bablyon) [P.Sijp. 37]
58

Editors n. ad loc.: The end is too damaged to be sure whether there was any sign of abbreviation or

not.

415

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1913, 2012, 2207, 2243(a), 4391]

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 2415 s.v., and D.


Kaltsas, P.Heid. VIII 418.18 n. There is no clear indication
that this village ever belonged to the Oxyrhynchite nome
(contra Pruneti, I centri s.v.).
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1755

On this village on the border between the Oxyrhynchite


and Cynopolite nomes, see P.Pher. pp. 19, and Litinas,
APF 40 (1994) 15960; for a connection with the Apion
estate cf. P.Oxy. XVI 1937.7 (VI/VII).
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3034

/ 59 - Phthochis/Ptochis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2880
SB IV 7344.15 = P.Berl.Mller 7
P.Oxy. II 246.8, 15 = W.Chr. 247
P.Wisc. I 13.2, [6], 10
P.Lips. I 118.5, 9
P.Oxy. XII 1530.1
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.51
P.Mich. XI 604.6
SB XXVI 16570.28 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Graux II 29.9
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.12 ([), 182 ()
PSI VIII 945.19
P.Laur. IV 165.3 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 187)
P.Oxy. VI 913.6 ()
P.Oxy. XXVII 2480.20 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2052.1, 9
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).41 ()
59

8/9
66
early II
160/61
216/17?
21821
223
290
III
III
III
305
443
565/6
579
590

kome
kome
kome (19)

kome

[kome]
kome
kome

These two toponyms have been traditionally considered separate villages; on their identity, see now

ZPE 170 (2009) 1878.

416

P.Oxy. XVI 2018.26, 27, 34, 35, 38 ()


SB I 1972 ()
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.32 ()
P.Leid.Inst. 80 A.ii.12 (())

VI
VI
VI/VII
VII/VIII

kome
kome
kome
chorion

Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy


Arabic/modern counterpart: Abtuga (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 84)
Relative location: in P.Mich. 604.1921 the secretary of the sitologoi is to deliver the
grain tax to the naukleroi who are sent ( ), but this
need not imply that Phthochis was immediately on the Nile or the Bahr Yusuf.
Position in official lists of villages: between Taampemou and Ophis [P.Oxy. 1659];
between Adaiou and Satyrou [SB 16570]; between Terythis and Adaiou [P.Graux 29]
Cultures/agricultural products: chortos [P.Laur. 165, P.Oxy. 2480]; lachanospermon
[P.Laur. 165]; wheat [P.Lips. 118, P.Oxy. 913(?), SB 1972]; chlora [P.Lips. 118]
Topographical features: threshing floor(?) [P.Laur. 165 (restored)]
Animals: sheep [P.Lips. 118, SB 7344]; lambs [P.Oxy. 246, SB 7344]; goats and kids [SB
7344]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Mich. 604, P.Oxy. 1530]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Oxy. 1530.16]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Oxy. 1530]; Apion estate [P.Oxy.
2025, 2052(?), 2243(a), 2480]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570];
annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]

* - Philippou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10438
SB XXVI 16574.3

V/VI

epoikion

Etymology: < Greek personal name .

417

Note: for the possible Oxyrhynchite provenance of the document, see N. Gonis, BASP
37 (2000) 767.

- Philiska
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7888
P.Harr. I 100.3

epoikion

Relative location: named with Artapatou (Middle toparchy) [P.Harr. 100]


Cultures/agricultural products: wine(?) [P.Harr. 100]

* - Philostratou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7910
P.Bad. IV 73.4
P.Sijp. 60a.6
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.1, 14
P.Harr. I 156.2
PSI III 193.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2055.29, 31, 33

II
IV
late V
V/VI
565
VI

epoikion
<kome>
epoikion
<kome>

Uncertain instance:
P.Oxy. XVI 1929.4, 6, 8 (possibly a personal name) VI (1st half)
Etymology: < Greek personal name .
Relative location: probably near Leontos (Eastern toparchy?) [P.Oxy. 2036; cf. Litinas,
APF 40 (1994) 1634, and see under Other below]
Occupations: stone-cutters (laotomoi) [PSI 193]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2036(?), 2055(?), PSI 193]
Other: P.Oxy. 2055 mentions a man from Leontos murdered by people from
Philostratou as well as two other men from Leontos who fled to Philostratou and
another to Machausonos (the latter a hamlet of the domus divina).

418

Note: it is unclear whether this village was part of the Cynopolite or Oxyrhynchite nome
or of both nomes at different times. Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 1634, counts it as a
Cynopolite settlement, mainly on the basis of P.Bad. IV 73, but U. and D. Hagedorn,
P.Sijp. 60.6 n., have recently cast doubt on the grounds for this ascription.

- Phlou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7936
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3427.2

IV

epoikion

Taxes and other imposts: proskaira [P.Oxy. 3427]

- Phlorou Pera
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10439
P.Oxy. LXX 4780.4 (. . [ ])

457?

epoikion

Etymology: < Latin personal name = Florus.


Relative location: the expression [ ] following the toponym can either
indicate that the hamlet was part of the territorium of the civitas rather than of the
suburbs of Oxyrhynchus or, taking (l. ) with what follows, that the hamlet
lay beyond the city, i.e. on the other side of the Bahr Yusuf (P.Oxy. 4780.45 n.).
Cultures/agricultural products: orchard [P.Oxy. 4780]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 4780]
Noteworthy landowners: estate of empress Aelia Eudokia, wife of Thedosios II
(administered by Strategios I, ancestor of the Apion family) [P.Oxy. 4780]

419

- Phna
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2879
P.Col. VIII 239.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.27, 33, 37
P.Oxy. XVIII 2204.5 (BL VIII 255)
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.9
P.Sijp. 37.18 ( ())

IV
540/41
550/51 or 565/6
VI/VII
VII/VIII

chorion

epoikion
chorion

Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Aspida, Kyamon, Perouen and
Spania (in the territory of the former Lower toparchy) [P.Oxy. 2204].
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Col. 239]
Religion: a is named in connection with this settlement in P.Oxy.
2025 (a monastery? Cf. PSI VII 791.11).
Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032.37 (Theodoros), 2204 (Paulos)]; ergates
(sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2025, 2032, 2204]

- Phoan
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=1787
PSI X 1118.560
PSI XII 1262.ii.18

25/6
137

Administrative subdivision: Thmoisepho toparchy


Relative location: in the same sitologia as Palosis (Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus) [PSI
1262]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 1262]
Associated kleroi: of Diokles and Amatokos [PSI 1118]
60

The correction of the editors to by Pruneti, I centri 215 s.v. n. 1, has not been registered in

BL.

420

- Phoboou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2675
P.Oxy. LXXIV 4982.5 (; cf. n. ad loc.)
SB XII 11145.3
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2865.2
P.Oxy. LXXII 4866.5 (])
P.Lips. I 116.2 (BL I 215)
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2863.2 ()
P.Kln II 100.7, [8], 12, 19, 21, 23 ()
= SB X 10500 + 10756
P.Oxy. LXXII 4879.1
P.Oxy. XLI 2956.3
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.15 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.41
P.Oxy. VI 973 descr. ()
P.Fouad I 43.6, 9, 41 (BL VIII 133)
P.Pher. 61
P.Wisc. II 85.29, 32
P.Oxy. XLVI 3268.11 ()
P.Oxy. LXI 4114.1
P.Iand. VI 95.13 (see ZPE 170 (2009) 1867)
SB XII 11025.5 (), 15 ()
P.Oxy. XLIX 3497.9
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.53
P.Oxy. XLVI 3287.6
P.Oxy. XLII 3047.1, 47
SB XVI 12706 = P.Oxy. I 172 descr.
PSI III 162.4
SB XXVI 16570.39 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
SB XVI 13065.7 ()
O.Heid. 394.3
P.Graux II 29.11
P.Oxy. X 1285.90
P.Oxy. XIV 1688.7
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.50, 98, 175
PSI VIII 945.22, 26
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.15
P.Oxy. XII 1546.11 ([)
P.Oxy. XXII 2346.17
P.Oxy. LV 3787.49

62
65/6?
122/3
122/3
123
123
133

kome
topoi
topoi

141
148
c. 152
165
168/9
189/90
after 195/6
197 or 226
II
II
II/III
201
216?
21821
238?
245
III (1st half)
286
290
292
III
III
III
III
III
III
III
late III
late III
c. 31320?

topoi
topoi
topoi

topoi
topoi
kome

topoi
kome
[kome]

topoi

kome
kome
kome

kome

421

P.Oxy. LIX 3982.3


P.Freib. II 11.5, 16 = SB III 6294
P.Mich. XX 811.5 ([)
P.Oxy. VII 1041.4
PSI Congr. XVII 18(a).3
P.Oxy. I 157.2 (; BL VII 128)

314
336
372
381
IV
VI

kome
kome
kome
[kome]

Etymology: P-bw, the mound (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen 589).


Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus
Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1688 three individuals from Phoboou are lessees of land in
Posompous (Eastern toparchy; 5th pagus), suggesting proximity between the two
villages; these villages also appear to have shared komarchai (see P.Oxy. 3982 and 3983).
The Eastern toparchy villages of Thmoinakomis, Thmoinepsobthis (later in the 5th
pagus), Osoronnophrios, Schoibis, and Tychinnekotis were within the administrative
orbit of the village scribe of Phoboou [P.Oxy. 3047]. The ktema Trochou was nearby
[P.Fouad 43].
Position in official lists of villages: after Adaiou [P.Graux 29]; between Pakerke and
Ophis [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Ophis and Tychinnekotis [P.Oxy. 1659, P.Wash.Univ.
81]; between Posompous and Ophis [SB 16570]
Categories of land: abandoned (pareimene) [P.Kln 100]; land administered by the idios
logos [P.Oxy. 3287]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Fouad 43, P.Kln 100]; barley [P.Fouad 43];
chlora [P.Fouad 43]; palm trees [P.Kln 100]; chortos [P.Oxy. 3287]
Associated kleroi: of Apollonios son of Lykios [P.Kln 100]; of Etearchos [P.Kln 100
(pareimene)]; of N.N. ( ) [P.Oxy. 3287 (see 9 n.)]
Irrigation: repairs of dikes overseen by chomatepimeletai/chomatepeiktai [P.Oxy.
1546(?)]; canal (dioryx) of Themothis(?) [P.Oxy. 3268]
Topographical features: threshing floor [P.Fouad 43]; houses [P.Iand. 95, P.Oxy. 4982];
walled vacant lots (psiloi topoi) and garden (paradeisos) with palm trees and a well in the
northern part of the village [P.Kln 100]; walled vacant lot, house and courtyard (aule)
in the middle part of the village [P.Kln 100]; house and courtyard in the eastern part of
the village [P.Kln 100]; sluice-gates [P.Oxy. 3268]; fish-traps(?) (hypocheis) [P.Oxy.
3268]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; calf [SB 16570]; pig [SB 16570]

422

Officials: sitologoi [P.Lips. 116, P.Oxy. 973, 2865, 2863, 2956, 4879, SB 11025, 11145,
P.CtYBR inv. 4625]; grammateus [P.Oxy. 157]; komogrammateus (of Phoboou and
other villages) [P.Oxy. 3047]; komarchai [P.Oxy. 3982, PSI 162, SB 13065]; archephodos
[P.Oxy. 4114, SB 12706]; praktores argyrikon [P.Pher. 61]; superintendents of irrigation
[P.Wisc. 85]; praktor sitikon [SB 11025]; presbyteros [SB 12706]
Occupations: donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; assistant (boethos) of sitologoi [P.Oxy.
2956.31]; fishing [P.Oxy. 3268]; phrontistes [P.Oxy. 3287]; builder (oikodomos) [PSI 162
(requisitioned to work on baths in Alexandria)]; georgoi [P.Freib. 11]; captain
(kybernetes) and katastates of a state ship [P.Mich. 811]
Noteworthy landowners: Iulii Theones [P.Oxy. 2865]; Serenus alias Dionysios son of
Dionysios, exegetes [P.Fouad 43]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787];
requisition of meat [SB 16570]; epiklasmoi [SB 13065]; annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]
Other: tow (stippion) [P.Oxy. 3982]

* - Phylakiton
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7972
PSI X 1102.11 ( [][ ] )

c. 271/2

kome(?)

Etymology: village(?) of (the) phylakitai (policing officials).


Note: the Oxyrhynchite provenance of the document is probable, but not certain; see the
editors note ad loc.

423


- Chaira
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7985
PSI Com. 19.4
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2724.6
SB I 1945.31

IV
469
V/VI

ktema
epoikion
chorion(?)

Etymology: < Greek personal name .


Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI Com. 19]
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 2724]
Occupations: enpographoi georgoi [P.Oxy. 2724]
Noteworthy landowners: Flavia Kyria [P.Oxy. 2724]

See s.v.

See the reedition of PSI VII 795 in SB XX 15194 (l. 4)

- Chenao
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6720
P.Harr. I 163.4 (BL XI 92)

VI

epoikion

Note: perhaps identical with [ below?

424

- Chenetorios
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8025
P.Oxy. LIX 3981.3
P.Oxy. XVI 1912.43, 66, 68, 79, 118, 123, 133,
135, 137, 150, 154

312
before 566

kome
epoikion

Relative location: in an Apionic prostasia comprising Papsau, Theou, Samakionos,


Graeidos and Petne [P.Oxy. 1912]
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Oxy. 1912.137, 152 (neophyta choria)]; land
overgrown with grass (enchortos) [P.Oxy. 1912.133, 135]
Irrigation: mechane (called [ ]) [P.Oxy. 1912.137]
Topographical features: dovecote [P.Oxy. 1912.70]
Animals: zoa [P.Oxy. 1912.150]
Religion: priest (probably pagan) [P.Oxy. 3981]; church [P.Oxy. 1912.118]
Occupations: georgoi [P.Oxy. 1912.58, 68, 81, 135, 150]; ampelourgoi [P.Oxy. 1912.58,
81]; blacksmith (chalkeus) [P.Oxy. 1912.61]; brickmakers (plintheutai) [P.Oxy.
1912.122]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1912]

[ - Cheneuo[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8026
SB XIV 12130.34

V/VI

Religion: contributions for unnamed festivals (heortika; for Epiphany and Easter?) [SB
12130]
Note: [ ... cannot be read (J. Shelton, ZPE 25 (1977) 178). Perhaps identical
with above?

425

- Chesbeos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8040
P.Oxy. XVI 2058.62

VI

Relative location: presumably near Spania, which was in the territory of the former
Lower toparchy (cf. preamble of P.Oxy. 2058).

- Chineoreou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8049
P.Oxy. XVI 1991.15, 41 (see P.Oxy. LXX p. 142)
P.CtYBR inv. 1366(B).3 ()
(see ZPE 153 (2005) 170)

601
c. 624

epoikion

Irrigation: mechane (called [ ]) [P.Oxy. 1991]


Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Oxy. 1991]
Noteworthy landowners: Fl. Strategios paneuphemos [P.Oxy. 1991]

( ) - Chir( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7941
P.Oxy. LXIII 4372.20

34199?

- Choute
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8066
P.Oxy. XLV 3260.3

323

epoikion

426

Administrative subdivision: 6th pagus(?) (see n. ad loc.)

The reading of P.Bon. 39(a)r.1 is corrected in its reedition


as SB XVI 13035

** - Chronou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8071
P.Oxy. XIV 1736.5, 8, 19

III

chorion

Cultures/agricultural products: oil(?) [P.Oxy. 1736]

- Chrysochoou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8078
SB XXII 15603.18
P.Daris inv. 240.2 (ZPE 180 (2012) 2634)
PSI IX 1081.28
PSI VIII 954.26
P.Sijp. 37.11 (() )

late III
IV
late IV
VI
VII/VIII

<epoikion>
epoikion
chorion

Etymology: Benannt nach dem Vergoldergewerbe (Krger, Oxyrhynchos in der


Kaiserzeit 268).
Relative location: in the same Apionic prostasia as Skytalitidos (8th pagus), Mikras
Paroriou and Ptolemaidos [PSI 954]. Mentioned with Takona (Lower toparchy),
Tancheo and Ambikos in SB 15603.
Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Daris inv. 240]
Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 954]

427

- Chysis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6170
P.Hib. II 248 fr. ii.15
c. 250 BCE
P.Oxy. XLI 2958.12 ()
99
P.NYU II 52.6, 11, 14 (see P.Oxy. LXXII 4889.16 n.) early II
PSI IV 281.8
138/9
P.Berl.Leihg. I 20.27
149
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.48
165
P.Oxy. XVII 2134.10, 15
c. 170
C.Pap.Gr. II App. 1.6
178
P.Meyer 19.4 (BL I 308, II.2 89)
II
P.Oxy. XIV 1724.7
early III
P.Oxy. XIV 1726.11
early III
P.Oxy. VI 899.6, 36
200
P.Oxy. XLVII 3346.4
20711
P.Kln II 94.861
213
SB XX 14289.5
213
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.12, 25
21821
P.Oxy. LVII 3906.1
229
P.Oxy. LXXII 4892.6
236?
P.Oxy. XIV 1637.20
25661
PSI XII 1249.25
265
PSI XII 1250(a).2
265
P.Oxy. XIX 2241.35
283/4
P.Oxy. VI 934.7
III
P.Oxy. X 1285.67
III
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.77 n., 101, introd.
III
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
III/IV
P.Oxy. LV 3792.1
early IV
P.Oxy. XXXIII 2673.9
304
P.Vindob. G 40254r.10 (APF 49 (2003) 21415)
IV (1st half)
P.Lips. I 99.i.21 (Hermopolite)
375/6 or 390/91
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.49
540/41
P.Bal. II 355.2 (see ZPE 142 (2003) 177)
VIII

kome (12)

<kome>
kome
<kome>

kome
topoi
kome
kome
kome

kome

Etymology: Ltymologie invite chercher le village au bord dune voie deau puisque
doit dsigner un dversoir (Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite 326).
Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy; see also below under Relative location

61

See Mitthof, APF 49 (2003) 214 n. 35.

428

Arabic/modern counterpart: ua (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 97)


Relative location: at the extreme south of the Oxyrhynchite nome, on the border with
the Hermopolite nome. Land in its vicinity (but not the village itself) was sometimes
subsumed under the Pasko toparchy of the Hermopolite nome (cf. C.Pap.Gr. II App. 1,
P.Oxy. 1724, 2673). At some point in the fourth century the village itself appears to have
switched to the Hermopolite nome (P.Lips. 99), but it probably reverted to the territory
of Oxyrhynchus by the sixth century (cf. P.Oxy. 2032). In the eighth century Chysis was
part of the Theodosiopolite nome (P.Bal. 355; see N. Gonis, ZPE 142 (2003) 1769). On
these boundary changes, see most recently Mitthof, APF 49 (2003) 21415 (with further
bibliography).
Inhabitants of Chysis take under lease land near Sinkepha, in the ktema
Dioskoureion (these were in the 2nd pagus) [P.Oxy. 2241]. Sinkepha was apparently
under the komogrammateia of Chysis [P.Oxy. 3906]; the two villages are also mentioned
together in P.Berl.Leihg. 20. Chysis shares sitologoi with Athychis (Upper toparchy) in
P.Oxy. 2958, suggesting proximity between the two villages. In the same Apionic
prostasia as Berky [P.Oxy. 2032]. The ktema Abok/Pabok was in the vicinity [PSI 1249
50]. By the Bahr Yusuf (see Drew-Bear, Le nome Hermopolite 3267, and cf. P.Meyer
19).
Position in official lists of villages: between Kerkemounis and Enteiis [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Nesmimis and Sinkepha [P.Oxy. 1659.12], first before Sinkepha [P.Oxy.
1659.25]; between Sinkepha and Toubis(?) [P.Hib. 248]; between Ibion Chyseos and
Berky [P.Vindob. G 40254r]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 2134]
Cultures/agricultural products: olive-oil [P.Hib. 248]; achyron [P.Lips. 99]; palm trees
[C.Pap.Gr. II App. 1]; wine [C.Pap.Gr. II App. 1, PSI 124950]; wheat [P.Oxy. 2134]
Associated kleroi: of Hermophilos [P.Oxy. 1724]; of Dionysios [P.Oxy. 1724]; of
Pausanias [P.Oxy. 2134]
Topographical features: boundary of some kleroi ( ) [P.Oxy. 2134]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; dogs [C.Pap.Gr. II App. 1]
Religion: church [P.Oxy. 2673]; church lector (anagnostes) [P.Oxy. 2673]; see BASP 46
(2009) 10938.
Officials: sitologoi [P.Kln 94, P.Oxy. 2958, SB 14289]; two persons in charge of remand
arrangements (eleuthera teresis) [P.Oxy. 3346]; sealer (episphragistes) [P.Kln 94];
komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 899.36, 3906 (in both instances
), 4892]

429

Occupations: Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032 (Abraamios,


)]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]; irrigator (epadreutes) [C.Pap.Gr. II App. 1]
Noteworthy landowners: unknown estate [P.Oxy. 1637]; Dioskouriaina alias Sabina and
her son Aurelius Sarapion alias Apollonianos, gymnasiarchos and bouleutes [PSI 1249
50]; Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2032]
Military: payment of barley to the ala Apriana stationed in the Small Oasis [P.Kln 94,
SB 14289]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; levy of wax [P.Oxy. 3792]
Other: purchase of manure (kopros) [P.Oxy. 934]; [P.Berl.Leihg.
20; cf. also PSI 281.78]; pastures of Dionysias [P.Oxy. 899.6]
Note: see also s.v.

, - Choriou, Megalou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5653
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.23, 24
P.Oxy. XVI 1915.8, 12
P.Oxy. LXXII 4926.3
P.Lond. III 778.14 p. 279
P.Iand. III 51.12
P.Oxy. XVI 2031.3

540/41
after 557
564
568
VI
VI/VII

epoikion

Delendum: P.Oxy. XVI 2036.5 (see P.Sijp. 60.45 n. contra BL VI 205)


Etymology: hamlet of (the) great chorion.
Relative location: often associated with Meskanounios (see P.Oxy. 1915.8 n.; add P.Oxy.
4926).
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Lond. 778]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 1915.12
(anonymous), 2032 (Iulianus)]; georgoi [P.Oxy. 2031]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Iand. 51, P.Lond. 778, P.Oxy. 1915, 2031,
2032, 4926]

430

Other: P.Oxy. 4926 concerns payment of bread rations to 50 onomata from Megalou
Choriou (cf. Tyche 22 (2007) 21718).

See s.v.

See s.v.

431


[ ] - Ps[.]as
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8121
PSI I 82.4

65

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 82]

- Psaei
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8091
P.Oxy. XVIII 2197.34, 39

VI

[ktema]

Relative location: mentioned alongside Kalybe and Matreou (the latter in the same area
as Episemou and Adaiou, near the border of the Upper and Eastern toparchies and of
the 3rd and 4th pagi) [P.Oxy. 2197]
Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 2197]
Occupations: georgos [P.Oxy. 2197]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2197]

** ( ) - Psama( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8100
SB I 1973.5

chorion

Note: identical with and perhaps ( ) below?

432

- Psammidos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14018
P.Mich. XX 816.38

c. 376/7

epoikion

Etymology: < Egyptian personal name .


Note: identical with ( ) above and/or ( ) below?

- Psankerma
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8113
P.Oxy. XLVI 3307.24
P.Oxy. XII 1448.19 (BL VII 139)
PSI IX 1081.4

early IV
after 324
late IV

epoikion
<epoikion>

Uncertain instance:
P.Leid.Inst. 61.45 n.

366?

Administrative subdivision: 8th pagus


Relative location: in the vicinity of Souis (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) [P.Oxy. 3307.21].
Probably near Paomis (Thmoisepho toparchy; 8th pagus) [PSI 1081.3]
Position in official lists of villages: between Strouthou and Thalassokaprou [P.Oxy.
1448]; last after Albinou [P.Oxy. 3307]
Taxes and other imposts: vestis militaris [P.Oxy. 1448]

( ) - Psach( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8125
SB I 1971 (ed. (?))

VI

kome

433

Relative location: probably on a waterway [SB 1971]

** ( ) - Psemm( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8138
SB I 1945.32

V/VI

chorion(?)

Note: identical with and/or ( ) above?

- Psemp..l.ps
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=10447
P.Hamb. inv. 547.4 (APF 50 (2004) 164)

473

epoikion

Occupations: brickmakers [P.Hamb. inv. 547]; estate pronoetes [P.Hamb. inv. 547]
Noteworthy landowners: comes Ioannes [P.Hamb. inv. 547]
Note: not according to the editors ad loc.

[ / [ - Psempe[ /Senpe[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7185
SB XIV 12181.29
PSI VIII 954.41

III
VI

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 954]


Occupations: koinon of georgoi and ampelourgoi [PSI 954]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [PSI 954]

434

Note: the editors of the above papyri restore [ and [] respectively,


but the recent attestation of a chorion (see below s.v.) opens up the
possibility of a different restoration (cf. P.Sijp. 37.3 n.). The connection of Psempekle
with the Apion estate (see below s.v.), nevertheless, favours resolving this villages name
in PSI 954 at least.

/ - Psempekle/Sempekle
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=7185
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr. (<>
[])
P.Lond. III 777.11 p. 281 ([]; see ZPE
155 (2006) 2278)
P.Oxy. XVI 1989.10, 30 (see P.Oxy. LXX p. 139)
P.Oxy. XVI 2034.5
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.5

III/IV

epoikion

582

epoikion

590
VI
VI

epoikion

Uncertain instances: see above s.v. [/[ (with Note).


Etymology: (P-)j-n-?, the lake of (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische elementen
150).
Administrative subdivision: L. C. Youtie, ZPE 30 (1978) 184 (29 n.), states that since
[in P.Oxy. 989] is sandwiched between (middle
toparchy) and (western toparchy), it is likely that was situated in one
or the other.
Irrigation: mechane (called ) [P.Oxy. 1989]
Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Lond. 777, P.Oxy. 1989]; Apionic pronoetes
[P.Oxy. 2034 (name lost)]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [all sixth century instances]

- Psempekot
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11700

435

P.Sijp. 37.3

VII/VIII

chorion

296

epoikion

Occupations: ergates (sent to Babylon) [P.Sijp. 37]

- Pseneuar
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9701
P.Oxy. LV 3802.8
Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy
Relative location: near Senepta (Middle toparchy) [P.Oxy. 3802]

* - Psenephtha
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8164
P.Princ. III 132.21

II

Etymology: see above s.vv. and .


Note: the provenance of the document is unknown. The editor states that possibly the
name [Psenephtha] is a variant of Senepta at Oxyrhynchus, but cf. Prunetis
reservations (I centri 222 s.v. n. 1).

- Psinaranachtheos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8204
P.Oxy. XLIV 3169.121

c. 20012

Taxes and other imposts: epiklasmoi [P.Oxy. 3169]

436

See s.v. under Uncertain instances

* - Psinemoutheos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8209
P.Oxy. XXXIV 2708.4

169

- Psinchauris
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8221
PSI III 240.7

II

Administrative subdivision: probably Upper toparchy (see PSI 240.8 n.)


Categories of land: former vineland (chersampelos) [PSI 240]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI 240]; palm trees [PSI 240]

See BL VIII 120, XI 77 under P.Erl. 48.20

See Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 2613 s.v.


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3052

- Psobthis
Etymology: P-sbt, the wall, fort (see the references in Falivene, The Herakleopolite
Nome 196 n. 5).
1) Upper toparchy:

437

http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2884
SB XXII 15354.1920 = P.Oxy. I 174 descr.
P.Dubl. 6.10 = P.Oxy. II 343 descr.
P.Oxy. XII 1434.23 ([]())
P.Oxy. LXX 4775.9
P.Fuad Univ. 20.15

88
99
107/8
223
III

kome

Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1434 Psobthis appears in a list of tax remissions drawn up
by the village scribe of Monimou and other villages, suggesting that Psobthis was
within the administrative orbit of Monimou (Upper toparchy; 3rd pagus[?]).
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Dubl. 6, SB 15354]; private [P.Oxy. 1434 (implied by 1
artaba per aroura tax rate), 4775]; royal [P.Oxy. 4775]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [SB 15354]
Associated kleroi: of Theodotos [P.Dubl. 6]; of machos and Theodoros and Diogenes
[P.Oxy. 4775]; of Philistion [SB 15354]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 4775]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [P.Oxy. 4775]
2) Eastern toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2885
P.Oxy. XVIII 2185.16, 18
P.Oxy. III 504.[10], 43
P.Oxy. III 510.2, 11, 16
P.Oxy. LXXII 4860.7
SB V 7683.3, 6 = P.Stras. III 127
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2868.3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4882.2
P.Oxy. LXXVII 5107.3, 6
P.Oxy. XLIX 3493.9, 24
P.Oxy. XLIX 3494.11, 31, 39
P.Oxy. LXXII 4886.5
P.Oxy. LXXVII 5110.3
P.Oxy. LV 3800.6, 10
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.48
P.Oxy. XLIV 3181.5, 7
SB XXVI 16570.34 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.[3], 94

92
early II
101
122
135
147
153
155/6
175
175
175/6
189
219
21821
251/2
290
III

<kome>
topoi
topoi
kome/topoi
kome
kome
topoi
topoi
kome

438

P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.84, 179


P.Oxy. XIV 1747.31

III
III/IV

Arabic/modern counterpart: Saft Abu Girg (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 85)


Relative location: near Pakerke and Perothis (both in the Eastern toparchy) [P.Oxy.
2185].
Position in official lists of villages: between Sarapionos Chairemonos and Satyrou
[P.Oxy. 1285]; between Satyrou(?) and Taampemou [P.Oxy. 1659]; between Adaiou and
Taampemou [P.Oxy. 1747]; between Pakerke and Taampemou [SB 16570]
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 504]; ousiake [P.Oxy. 2185]; royal [P.Oxy. 3800]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 3800]; chlora [P.Oxy. 3800]
Topographical features: vacant lots (psiloi topoi), collapsed house, a second house, a
third house with court (aule), and another with aithrion formerly belonging to Claudius
Theon [P.Oxy. 510]; granary [P.Oxy. 3181, 3800, 4886]
Animals: pig [SB 16570]; calf [SB 16570]
Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 2185, 5107]; dekaprotos [P.Oxy. 3181]; sitologoi
[P.Oxy. 2868, 3494.39 n., 4882, 4886, 5110, SB 7683]; collector of money taxes (praktor
argyrikon) [P.Oxy. 5107]
Occupations: secretary (grammateus) of sitologoi [P.Oxy. 4886]; farmers (georgoi)
[P.Oxy. 5110]
Noteworthy landowners: ousia of Antikrates and Sostratos [P.Oxy. 2185]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: a collector of money taxes (praktor argyrikon) in this village is from
Oxyrhynchus but resides in Psobthis and hires a substitute from Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy.
5107].
3) Middle toparchy:
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2887
P.Ryl. IV 579.3 ([])
P.Oxy. LVII 3907.3
SB XX 14337.5, 12 = P.Oxy. III 639 descr.
PSI IX 1030.3
P.Oxy. I 74.10, 212

I BCE
99
103
109
116

kome
<kome>
kome
kome

439

P.Oxy. III 619.8 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 187f.)


SB XXIV 16005.1
P.Oxy. VIII 1113.ii.5
P.Oxy. XII 1526.3
SB XXVI 16570.59 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. XVII 2142.4
P.Oxy. X 1285.[22], 115
Manchester Museum inv. 10893.3 (see JJP 35
(2005) 94)
P.Oxy. XLVII 3358.45

c. 147
II
203
223
290
c. 293
III
III

kome
topoi
epoikion

IV

Position in official lists of villages: between Mastingophorou and Kerkeura [P.Oxy.


1285]; between Peenno and Sento [SB 16570]; between Artapatou and Senopotheos
[Manchester Museum inv. 10893]
Categories of land: uninundated (abrochos) [P.Oxy. 1113]; royal(?) [P.Oxy. 3907.4 n.]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 3907]; oil [PSI 1030]; lachanospermon
[PSI 1030]; palm trees and other fruit trees (akrodrya) [SB 14337]; olives [SB 14337];
vegetables [SB 14337]
Associated kleroi: of Philonikos (formerly of A) [P.Oxy. 1113, 3907]
Irrigation: mechane [SB 14337]; irrigation work [SB 14337]
Topographical features: house in the southern part of the village with an oil-press
(elaiourgikon organon) [PSI 1030], probably related to the olive-garden in the southern
part of the village [SB 14337]; topoi with wall in need of rebuilding [P.Ryl. 579]
Animals: sheep, lambs and goats [P.Oxy. 74]; pig [SB 16570]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 1526]; komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 3907 (not certainly of
Psobthis)]; inspectors of sowing (katasporeis) [P.Oxy. 3907]; epistates [P.Ryl. 579
(restored)]; archephodos [SB 16005]; guard (phylax) [SB 16005]
Occupations: oil-maker [PSI 1030]; perfume-seller(?) (myropoles) [SB 16005.2 n.]
Noteworthy landowners: Sarapion alias Phanias, ex-gymnasiarchos [P.Oxy. 1113];
Pekyllos alias Theon, gymnasiarchos, Diogenes alias Hermagenes, archon, and Sarapion
son of Alexander, bouleutes, appear to have owned land in the village [P.Oxy. 1526]
Taxes and other imposts: annona militaris [P.Oxy. 2142]; kommodion (gratuity for
officials) [P.Oxy. 3358]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]
Other: unguent (chrima) [PSI 1030]

440

4) Lower toparchy/9th pagus:


http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2886
SB XVI 12760.9 = P.Oxy. II 350 descr.
P.Oxy. II 239.4
P.Oxy. XLVII 3333.21
P.Oxy. LXI 4113.4, 14
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.46 (BL VII 144)
P.Oxy. III 482 introd. (BL VIII 236)
P.Oxy. X 1259.7
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.106, 113
P.Oxy. VII 1064.5
BGU XI 2126.i.7 = SB XIV 11403
SB XXVI 16570.89 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Oxy. X 1285.133
P.Oxy. XII 1529.8
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.16, 32
P.Oxy. LXI 4118.8
PSI Congr. XVII 26.11
P.Oxy. XIV 1652(a).1
P.Giss. 115 introd. (9th pagus )
P.Oxy. LV 3803.3, 6 (9th pagus)

23 or 25
66
92
138
165
II?
212
21821
after 218/19
232/3
290
III
III
III
III (after 245)
III
c. 314/15
IV
411

kome
kome

topoi
<kome>
kome

<kome>

kome

Uncertain instances: Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome 197, doubtfully identifies


in SPP X 8.3 (V) and XX 254.1 (VI) with Psobthis of the Lower
toparchy. But the back of SPP XX 254 contains a document from the Heracleopolite
nome (= SB XXVI 16357), suggesting that one of the Heacleopolite villages called
is referred to in the front. SPP X 8 lists with other known
villages of the Heracleopolite nome. Cf. also SPP X 220.8 (VIII) with BL XII 273.
Arabic/modern counterpart: Saft al-Khirsa (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 90)
Relative location: near the Bahr Yusuf [P.Oxy. 1259; cf. also P.Oxy. 1652, implying
proximity to a river]. Near the western desert [P.Oxy. 3333 introd.].
Position in official lists of villages: between Isieion Kato and Sinary [P.Oxy. 1285];
between Koba and Takona [P.Oxy. 1529]; between Talao and Tholthis [P.Oxy.
1659.106], between Isieion Tryphonos and Takona [P.Oxy. 1659.113]; between
Tychinphagon and Sesphtha [SB 16570]; between Sinary and Tholthis [PSI Congr. XVII
26]
Categories of land: confiscated [BGU 2126]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1259]; wine [P.Oxy. 3803]; barley [PSI
Congr. XVII 26]

441

Irrigation: mechane [P.Oxy. 3803]


Topographical features: public granary [P.Oxy. 1259]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]; pig [SB 16570]; sheep and lambs [SB 12760]; goats and
kids [SB 12760]
Officials: sitologoi [P.Oxy. 1259]; desert guard (eremophylax) [P.Oxy. 3333]; komarches
[P.Oxy. 4118]; epiploos [P.Oxy. 4113]
Occupations: camel drivers (dromadarioi) [P.Oxy. 1652]; donkey driver [P.Oxy. 2182];
prostates [BGU 2126]
Noteworthy landowners: Claudia Isidora alias Apia [BGU 2126]; Fl. Theodoros, vir
clarissimus [P.Oxy. 3803]
Taxes and other imposts: logeia [P.Oxy. 239]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]; requisition of
meat [SB 16570]
Other: In P.Oxy. 4118 the komarchai of Dositheou (Lower toparchy; 8th pagus) harbour
a fugitive liturgist from Psobthis. An individual from Oxyrhynchus resides in Psobthis
[P.Oxy. 4113].
5) Uncertain toparchy:
P.Wisc. I 23.1
SB XIV 12170.28
P.Oxy. VIII 1145.19 ()
P.Oxy. II 348 descr. (see ZPE 170 (2009) 169)62
P.Oxy. III 517.1
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.6, 9 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.56 (BL VII 144)63
P.Oxy. VI 905.2
P.Erl. 96.6
P.IFAO I 18.4
P.IFAO III 15.20
SB VI 9025.323
O.Ashm.Shelt. 50.2 = SB I 225364
O.Heid. 395.1
P.Giss. I 101.4
62

Middle toparchy excluded (see ZPE 170 (2009) 169, 11 n.).

63

Lower toparchy probably excluded; cf. line 46.

64

early I
31/2?
I
late I
130
c. 152
165
170
II
II?
II?
II
II/III
III
III

kome

Cf. O.Heid. 395.1 n.

442

PSI VIII 945.11


P.Erl. 53.23
P.Oxy. XLVIII 3408.5 (cf. P.Oxy. LXXII
4882.12 n.)
PSI Congr. XVII 18a.14

III
IV
IV
IV

Delenda: P.Oxy. III 485.15 (178) refers to the capital of the Small Oasis (modern lQasr). The military camp (kastron) of Psobthis attested in P.Oxy. LV 3793.9 (340), LX
4089.4 (351), CPR V 13.i.3 = ChLA XLIII 1248 (401), P.Oxy. XVI 2004.1 (early V), and
P.Oxy. XVI 1883.2 (504), was also most probably in the Small Oasis; see C. Zuckerman,
ZPE 100 (1994) 199202.
Categories of land: catoecic [P.Oxy. 348]
Associated kleroi: of Olympiodoros [P.Oxy. 348]
Topographical features: oikopeda [P.IFAO III 15]
Animals: donkeys [P.Oxy. 2182]
Officials: komarchai [P.Oxy. 3408]; sitologoi(?) [P.Oxy. 3804 (cf. P.Oxy. 4882.12 n.)];
ephodoi [P.Wisc. 23]
Occupations: phrontistes [P.Giss. 101]; donkey-driver [P.Oxy. 2182]
Taxes and other imposts: mortgage-tax (telos hypothekes) [P.Oxy. 348]
Other: the ethnic occurs in P.Oxy. XLIX 3503.13 (late I), which mentions a
problem over boundaries involving the inhabitants of ... Psobthis.

443


** ( ) - Oktar( )
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2995
SB I 1945.33

V/VI

chorion(?)

early IV

epoikion

chorion

VI?

epoikion

[ ] - Onemen[..]
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9715
P.Oxy. LV 3795.9
Administrative subdivision: 6th pagus

** - Opou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3105
SB I 1973.12

- Horionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=8265
PSI I 80.7, 8, 9, 12, 14 (), 15 (.), 24
Etymology: < Greek personal name .
Officials: meizon [PSI 80.7, 12]

444

Occupations: georgoi [PSI 80]; phrontistes [PSI 80.24]


Note: cf. also below under Some Acephalous Toponyms s.v. ] .

() - Horou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=13215
P.Oxy. LXXII 4881.9

147

epoikion

Etymology: < Hellenized Egyptian personal name .

- Ophis
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=2868
P.Minnesota 11.11 (see BASP 44 (2007) 512)
P.Oxy. LX 4039.2, 3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4862.3
P.Oxy. LXXII 4865.2
P.Oxy. LXXII 4867.2
P.Oxy. LXXII 4870.4
P.Oxy. LXXII 4871.3
P.Lips. I 112.1
P.Oxy. LXXII 4869.2
P.Oxy. VII 1024.21
P.Kln II 100.9, 13, 21, 24 = SB X 10500 + 10756
P.Oxy. XXXVIII 2869.2
P.CtYBR inv. 4625.16 (ZPE 179 (2011) 2245)
P.Oxy. LXXII 4884.2
P.Oxy. XVIII 2182.50 (BL VII 144)
P.Oxy. III 522.7, 19
P.Oxy. VII 1049.2
P.Erl. 93.14
P.Kln X 415r.1 (cf. introd. pp. 1512)
P.Oxy. XLIX 3497.6
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.52
SB XXVI 16570.41 = P.Oxy. XXIV 2422
P.Graux II 29.7 ()

99/100
I/II
122
122
122/3
c. 1223?
c. 1223?
123
123
129
133
146/7
c. 152
157
165
II
late II
II/III
II/III
216?
21821
290
III

topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
topoi
kome
<kome>

topoi

<kome>

445

P.Oxy. X 1285.91
P.Oxy. XLIV 3170.59, 169
P.Wash.Univ. II 81.14
P.Oxy. VI 989 descr.
P.IFAO III 49.7
P.Oxy. VIII 1146.5
P.Oxy. LV 3795.7
P.Oxy. LV 3787.54
P.Oxy. XVI 2036.2, 13, 20, 22
PSI XV 1568.4
SB I 1977
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.54
P.Oxy. XVI 2032.20, 61
P.Oxy. LXIII 4397.[22], 201, 217
P.Oxy. LV 3805.28, 41
P.Oxy. LXXII 4922.7
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).42 (BL VI 106)
P.Iand. III 51.15
P.Oxy. I 157.2
P.Oxy. XVI 2035.28
P.CtYBR inv. 754.ii.4 (ZPE [forthcoming 2012])
P.Oxy. VI 922.2, 22
P.Oxy. I 132.1
P.Oxy. XVI 2025.21
P.Oxy. XVI 1981.15, 33
P.Oxy. XVI 1921.13

III
III
III
III/IV
early IV
early IV
early IV
c. 31320?
late V
V/VI
V/VI
528/543/558
540/41
545
after 566
582
590
VI
VI
late VI
late VI
VI/VII
VI/VII
VI/VII
612
after 621?

kome
<kome>

kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
kome
[kome]
kome
kome

kome
kome
kome

Uncertain instances:
P.Oxy. LXXII 4863.[1?]
P.Oxy. LXXII 4866.[2?]

122
122/3

[topoi]
[topoi]

In P.Iand. II 25.[1] (VI/VII), the restoration of the villages name is based on the
identification of the meizon Paulos with his namesake in P.Oxy. I 132.1 (see the editors
note ad loc.), but this is far from certain; cf. D. Hagedorn, ZPE 156 (2006) 166 n. 11.
Etymology: Ipj, the innermost sanctuary (adyton) (Vandorpe, Egyptische geografische
elementen 214).
Administrative subdivision: Eastern toparchy; 4th pagus
Arabic/modern counterpart: Aba al-Waqf(?) (Goma et al., Mittelgypten 86), but cf.
the reservations of Rowlandson, Landowners and Tenants 13 n. 24.

446

Relative location: in P.Oxy. 1024 the sitologos of Pakerke (Eastern toparchy) is ordered
to issue seed to a cultivator of public land near Ophis. Apparently near a waterway [SB
1977].
Position in official lists of villages: between Satyrou and Terythis [P.Graux 29]; between
Phoboou and Lile [P.Oxy. 1285]; between Phthochis and Phoboou [P.Oxy. 1659];
between Phoboou and Sarapionos Chairemonos [SB 16570]; between Lile and Phoboou
[P.Wash.Univ. 81]
Categories of land: public land implied by P.Oxy. 1024?
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 1024]; achyron [P.Oxy. 3805]
Associated kleroi: of Pyrrhias son of Allous with that of Tryphon [P.Kln 100]; of
Apollonios of the Althaean deme with that of Pyrrhias and Lysimachos [P.Oxy. 1024]
Irrigation: irrigation implements (mechanika skeue) [P.Oxy. 1981]; mechane [P.Oxy.
2244 (called ), 4397 (called ())]; dikes (chomata) [P.Oxy. 3805]; lakkos
[P.Oxy. 2035]
Topographical features: granary [P.Oxy. 522]; workshop (ergasterion) [P.Oxy. 989];
threshing floor [P.Oxy. 1049]; estate bathhouse (geouchikon loutron) [P.Oxy. 1921 (cf.
BL VII 104)]
Animals: pigeons [P.Kln 415]; horse [P.Oxy. 922]; donkeys [P.Oxy. 922, 1049, 2182];
pig [SB 16570]
Religion: a monk is mentioned in P.Oxy. 157, but it is unclear whether he is connected
to the village.
Officials: eirenarchoi [P.Iand. 25(?)]; sitologoi [P.Lips. 112, P.Minnesota 11, P.Oxy. 2869,
3497, 48623, 48657, 486971, 4884]; meizon [P.Iand. 25(?), P.Oxy. 132]; presbyteroi
[P.Oxy. 522]; (koinon of) komarchai [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]
Occupations: guard of the granary (thesaurophylax) [P.Oxy. 522]; donkey-drivers
[P.Oxy. 1049, 2182]; ergatai employed in tying bundles of hay [P.Oxy. 1049]; oil-seller
(elaiopoles) [P.Oxy. 1146(?)]; Apionic pronoetes [P.Oxy. 2032 (Ioannes)]; georgoi
[P.Oxy. 2244, 4884, PSI 1568]; tow-dealer (stippopragmateutes) [P.Oxy. 4922]
Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 1921(?), 1981 (pagarchoumene by the
Apiones), 2025, 2032, 2035, 2243(a), 2244, 4397; P.CtYBR inv. 754(?)]; monastery of
abba Hierax [P.Oxy. 4397]
Taxes and other imposts: annona militaris(?) [P.Graux 29]; crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659];
epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]; requisition of meat [SB 16570]

447

Other: linen cloth [P.Oxy. 1146]. The ethnic is attested in P.Wash.Univ. I 49.18
(late I BCE) (see BL VIII 510).

448

SOME ACEPHALOUS TOPONYMS

- .a.obesante
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=4427
P.Cair.Masp. I 67096.26

573

kome

** ] - ]arionos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9165
P.Oxy. XIX 2244.26

528/543/558

Note: is equally possible. If is right ] is not unlikely (editors ad


loc.). This is not certainly the name of a settlement. Cf. above s.v. .

[ ] [ - [......]aur.[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9166
P.Oxy. X 1285.40

III

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy

] - ]bin
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=5523
P.Oxy. VI 907.17

276

449

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 907]


Editors note ad loc.: perhaps ] ... or ] ....

- ..emeiou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11701
P.Oxy. LXXI 4836.10

578

epoikion

Editors note: the first letter is probably , the second perhaps .

] - ].enape
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9167
P.Oxy. XIX 2243(a).40

590

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2243(a)]

See Mitthof, APF 49 (2003) 214 n. 35 on P.Kln II 94.8 and cf.


above s.v.

[ ] - [.].eos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9169
P.Oxy. XLIII 3133.4

239

Officials: komogrammateus [P.Oxy. 3133 and of other villages]


Note: possibilities include ], ], ]; see the note ad loc.

450

[ ] [ ] [..].[.].eos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14180
P.Oxy. III 622.3 (see ZPE 160 (2007) 190)

161

topoi

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Officials: sitologos [P.Oxy. 622]

See BL VII 232 under PSI III 180.1 and cf. above s.v.
(Uncertain instance)

- .epiados
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=6721
P.Harr. I 163.7 (BL XI 92)

VI

epoikion

[ ] - [...]thein
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9171
P.Oxy. XLVII 3365.32 = P.Coll.Youtie I 65

241

Administrative subdivision: Lower toparchy


Categories of land: private [P.Oxy. 3365 (monartabos)]
Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [P.Oxy. 3365]
Associated kleroi: of Loipos and Po [P.Oxy. 3365]

451

Editors note ad loc.: The traces are ambiguous, particularly the nu for which there
seems to be rather too much ink. Possibly ] was actually written. If any of these
readings is correct, both [] and [] are possible.

] - ].thinou
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9172
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.24

VI

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2207]


Note: Non da scartare leventualit che sia da leggere, qui, ], lo stesso
nome che compare (anche se cancellato dallo scriba) al r. 28 del documento (Pruneti, I
centri 229 s.v.).

[ ] - [..]this
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9173
P.Oxy. XII 1434.18

107/8

Categories of land: unsown, dry or worn away (asporos, chersos, katexumene) [P.Oxy.
1434]
Cultures/agricultural products: olives(?) [P.Oxy. 1434]
Associated kleroi: of Demetrios son of Po [P.Oxy. 1434]
Noteworthy landowners: ousia of Augustus [P.Oxy. 1434]
Editors note ad loc.: if [] (for -) be restored (cf. l. 23), this line projected by
one or two letters, which is quite legitimate, since in any case there is a change of
subject. But a different village is expected in l. 23.

452

] - ]kelkleas
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11702
P.Wash.Univ. I 24.4

[ ]

42550

See ZPE 170 (2009) 188 on P.Oxy. VII 1052.25 and cf.
above s.v.

[ ] - [....]litidos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9175
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.25

VI

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2207]


Editors note ad loc.: the name is probably , as this occurs in l. 31.

[ ] - [.....]n
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14181
P.Daris inv. 240.3 (ZPE 180 (2012) 2634)

IV

epoikion

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [P.Daris inv. 240]


Editors note ad loc.: Nessuno tra gli epoikia conosciuti, che meglio si adatterebbero alle
condizioni della lacuna dopo , come o , hanno speciale
relazione sul territorio con gli altri toponimi del papiro.

453

[ ] - [......]n
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9125
PSI XV 1521.15

54

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Associated kleroi: of N.N. and Ptolemaios [PSI 1521]
Editors note ad loc.: La desinenza ] e lo spazio della lacuna rendono possibile
unintegrazione ] oppure ], o anche ].

[ ] - [....]nes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9176
P.Oxy. XIX 2238.7

551

ktema

Noteworthy landowners: episcopal church of Oxyrhynchus [P.Oxy. 2238]


Other: a douleleutheros from this settlement is mentioned in P.Oxy. 2238.11.
Note: I suggest in ZPE 170 (2009) 189 restoring the village name [] (cf. above
s.v.).

] - ].o.reos
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9178
P.Mert. II 98.23

VII

kome

Animals: ktene [P.Mert. 98]


Occupations: enapographos georgos [P.Mert. 98]

454

[ ] [ - [....]oslendou[
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9177
P.Oxy. XVIII 2207.23

VI

Noteworthy landowners: Apion estate [P.Oxy. 2207]

See BL IX 190 under P.Oxy. XVI 1911.74 and cf. above s.v.

] - ]ocharous
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9180
PSI VIII 948.1565

345/6

Cultures/agricultural products: wine [PSI 948]

[ ] [ ] - [.]..[.]oo
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9181
P.Oxy. XIV 1659.71

21821

Administrative subdivision: Middle toparchy


Position in official lists of villages: between Taampitei and Peenno [P.Oxy. 1659]
Taxes and other imposts: crown-tax [P.Oxy. 1659]
Editors note ad loc.: the penultimate letter can be , but the other vestiges do not well
suit [][]() ..., and the final is not appreciably above the line.
65

For the Oxyrhynchite provenance of PSI 948, see Pruneti, I centri s.v. n. 1, and R. S. Bagnall and K. A.

Worp, Chronological Systems of Byzantine Egypt (2nd ed.; Leiden 2004) 57 n. 2 (cf. BL VII 238).

455

] - ]ro
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3053
P.NYU II 16.9

I BCE/I CE

Administrative subdivision: Upper toparchy


Note: the papyrus has [ ] []. Despite the editors note ad
loc., ] is probably to be excluded because it was apparently in the Thmoisepho
toparchy (see above s.v. and ZPE 170 (2009) 188).

] [ ] - ]Se..[...]
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=11703
P.Oxy. LV 3787.7

c. 31320?

Taxes and other imposts: epikephalaion poleos [P.Oxy. 3787]

] - ]phnes
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=14019
PSI Com9 6.3 (Comunicazioni Vitelli 9 (2011)
2622)

404/5

Cultures/agricultural products: wheat [PSI Com9 6.89 n.]; chortos [PSI Com9 6]
Other: an edaphos called of Chalkeus is associated with this village [PSI Com9 6]
Note: cf. the hamlet in the Heracleopolite nome, on which see Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome 656 and http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=3994; cf.
also above s.v.

456

- ....os
http://www.trismegistos.org/geo/detail.php?tm=9183
P.Oxy. XLIII 3109.9

2536

kome

Animals: oxen (requisitioned for Valerians Eastern campaigns) [P.Oxy. 3109]


Officials: komarches [P.Oxy. 3109]

457

I N DE X I: T O P A R C H IE S

AND

P AG I

(a) Toparchies
Upper toparchy ( )
** / (?)

(?)
( )

()
/

(?)

(?)

(2nd pagus)
(3rd pagus)

(1st pagus)
(1st pagus)
(1st pagus)
(3rd pagus?)
(1st pagus)
(2nd pagus)
(1st pagus)
(1st pagus)

(2nd pagus)
(2nd pagus)

458

(?)

]
Eastern toparchy ( )

()

(?)

()

()

(?)

** (?)

(4th pagus)

(5th pagus)

(5th pagus)

(5th pagus)
(5th pagus)

(5th pagus)

(4th pagus)

(5th pagus)
(4th pagus)

Western toparchy ( )
[]

459

(?)

( ) (?)

(3rd pagus)
(4th pagus)
(3rd pagus)
(4th pagus)
(3rd pagus)

(3rd pagus)

(3rd pagus)
(3rd pagus)

Middle toparchy ( )

(?)
(?)

(7th pagus?)

(7th pagus)
(, )
(?)
() (?)

(7th pagus)

(6th pagus)

460

[ ]

()/()

[ ]
[ ] [ ]

(7th pagus?)
(6th pagus)

(6th pagus)
(6th pagus?)
(7th pagus)
(7th pagus)
(7th pagus?)
(7th pagus)

Thmoisepho toparchy ( )

(?)
(?)

(8th pagus)
(8th pagus)

(8th pagus)
(8th pagus)
(7th pagus)
(8th pagus)

Lower toparchy ( )

** (?)

(8th pagus)
(10th pagus)

461

( )

(?)

[ ]

[ ] [
[ ]

(9th pagus)

(10th pagus)
(8th pagus)

(9th pagus)

(b) Pagi
1st pagus

[
(?)

/
()

(?)

(Upper toparchy)

(Upper toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)

462

(?)

(?)
(?)

(Upper toparchy)

2nd pagus

(Upper toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)

3rd pagus

(?)
[

(?)

(Upper toparchy)

(Western toparchy)
(Upper toparchy)
(Western toparchy)
(Western toparchy)
(Western toparchy)
(Western toparchy)
(Western toparchy)

4th pagus

(Eastern toparchy)

(Western toparchy)
(Western toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)

5th pagus

(Eastern toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)

463


()

()

(Eastern toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)
(Eastern toparchy)

6th pagus

**
/

(?)
(?)
[ ]

(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)

7th pagus
(?)

[
(?)

(?)

()/()

(?)

(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)

(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)
(Thmoisepho toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)
(Middle toparchy)

8th pagus

(?)

(?)

(Lower toparchy)

464


( ) (?)
(?)

(?)
( )

(?)

(Thmoisepho toparchy)
(Thmoisepho toparchy)

(Thmoisepho toparchy)
(Thmoisepho toparchy)

(Lower toparchy)
(Thmoisepho toparchy)

9th pagus
[
[

[ (?)

(Lower toparchy)
(Lower toparchy)

10th pagus

(Lower toparchy)
(Lower toparchy)

465

I N DE X II: A L P H A B ET I CA L L I ST O F T O P O NY M S
A N D G R A P H IC V A RI A N T S

Note: graphic variants with the common phonetic interchange are not always
listed.


** ( )
** /
**
**

(?)

**

**
[]

( )

[]


**

466

*

()

()

**

**
** [

Falivene, The Herakleopolite


Nome s.v.

***
***



( )
**

*
*

**

** ()

**

[
[
[




** ( )
,
*
* [

(
)

467

**

** (?)

( )

**

**

*
()

** (?)

[ (under
Uncertain instances)
() (under
Note)

(under Uncertain
instances)

*
[
(x3)
-
,

*
[



[


Falivene, The
Herakleopolite
Nome s.v.

*** []( )

**
(see also )

468

[
**

[ ]
[ ( )
[
[
[ ]
[


**

**
Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome
s.v.

**
**

[
[


** ( )

[
[ [
[


(, )

469

Falivene, The Herakleopolite


Nome s.v.
**


Falivene, The Herakleopolite
Nome s.v.

[] (?)

** ( )

[ (?)


** []


**

**

**
*


** ( )
,

,
**

** (?)


* [

()

**
( )

/
()

[
2)
()
,

470


() () ** (),
()
,

** ( )

**



/
/
/

()
(2)
**

,
,
,
,

[
[?]

( )
,
()


(x2)



**

*
[ ]
[ ] [
( )

()
*
| [

(?)

(?)

/
/





( )
/

471

()

(x3)
[
,
,
,
,

/
Falivene, The Herakleopolite
Nome s.v.

Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome

s.v.

[
/

,
**


** ( )



(x2)

**

( )

472

**

[
[

,
,
,

**
Litinas, APF 40 (1994) 159
/

** [(?)]


( )
** ( )
** ( )

( )

(?) []

( )
[

/
** ( )

()

( )

473


()

** (?)



()

**

[ ]
[ ]

[
( )

- /
/
/



,
**
[ ]
| [
[
* [ ]
*

()

(under
Uncertain instances)


[
*

(under Uncertain
instances)

474


**
**

[ ]
[

* [

()
()/()
Falivene, The
Herakleopolite Nome s.v.
() ()

( )

(see also )

(x2)


475

** [

()/()
,

,
,
()
()

( )
(?)

(?)

,
** ( )

* [

(?)

*
/
(?)

(, )
**

**

()(?) (under
Uncertain instances)

[

[ ]

476


**


** (), ()
()
Falivene, The Herakleopolite
Nome s.v., and P.Heid. VIII
418.18 n.
Litinas, APF 40 (1994)
15960
/
*

()
*

( )

**

(see also )
,
,
,
[ ]

** ( )

( )
** ( )

[/[
/

(under Uncertain
instances)
*

Falivene, The Herakleopolite


Nome s.v.
(x4)
** ( )
[ ]
**

()

477

I N DE X III: R EVE R SE I N DE X

OF

T O P O NY M S

Only lemmatized toponyms and variants are listed, in the form in which they most
commonly appear (e.g. forms lemmatized in the genitive are indexed here as such).
Toponyms whose ending is not preserved are not listed.

()

()
()
,

,

,

478

[ ]

()

()

()

()

479

(?)

[ ]

N.N.,
[ ]

N.N.,

480

()

-/-

(?)

-/-

[(?)]

481

[?]

()

()

[]

(), ()

482

()

(?)

[], (?)


(?) []

483

[]
()

()

()

[]

[]

()

484

, ()

[ ]

485

[ ]

486

I N DE X IV: S E TT LE ME N T S C O N NE CT ED

[ (?)

[]

* (?)
* (?)

(?)

TO T HE

A PI O N E ST AT E

,
*

(?)

**

* (?)

(?)
(Lower toparchy/10th pagus)
,

(?)

487

(, )
*

*
,

()

(?)
/
/
()

( )
()

488

[
,
,
,
/
( )

(?)

()

[ ]
( )

()
()/()

489

[/[
/

]
]
[ ]
[ ][

490

I N DE X V: A NC IE N T S ETT LE M E NT S P LA U S I B LY I DE N T IF IE D
WI T H M O DE R N S I TE S

Ancient settlement

Modern village or site

Artapatou
Berky
Tholthis (Lower toparchy/9th pagus)
Isieion Kato
Pakerke (Eastern toparchy)
Palosis
Paomis
Pela
Petne
Sadalou
Senao
Senekeleu
Senokomis
Seryphis
Sesphtha
Sinary
Sintabo
Spania
Taampemou
Taampeti/Taampitei
Takona
Phthochis/Ptochis
Chysis
Psobthis (Eastern toparchy)
Psobthis (Lower toparchy/9th pagus)

Burtubat al-Gabal
Kom al-Rahib (less likely al-Burgaya)
Tilt wal-Qulia
Salaqus(?)
Abu Girg
Bilhasa
Ban al-Alam(?)
Billa al-Mustagadda
Itnih
Istal
Seila(?) (less likely Kom Tunaida)
Saqula(?)
Deir al-Sanquryia (less likely ulqam)
Aruba
Sumusta
inara
Sandaf al-Far(?)
Safaniyya
Tanbu
Tambidi
Kom al-Ahmar
Abtuga
ua
Saft Abu Girg
Saft al-Khirsa

491

MAPS
On the following satellite images from Google Earth I have pinpointed the modern sites
identifiable with ancient Oxyrhynchite settlements (see Index V) together with some
identifiable sites from the neighbouring nomes; for the latter I relied on Drew-Bear, Le
nome Hermopolite, Falivene, The Herakleopolite Nome, and Litinas, Villages and placenames of the Cynopolite nome. I identified these sites on the satellite image with the
help of the detailed 1:100,000 scale maps of the Survey of Egypt (Cairo 1932). L = Lower
toparchy; T = Thmoisepho toparchy; M = Middle toparchy; E = Eastern toparchy; W =
Western toparchy; U = Upper toparchy.

Map 1: Lower toparchy (north)

492

Map 2: Lower toparchy (south) and Thmoisepho toparchy

493

Map 3: Middle toparchy

494

Map 4: Eastern and Western toparchies

495

Map 5: Upper toparchy

496

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