Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

What is Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is an inflammatory disease, where the Fatty Myelin sheath


around the axon of the brain and spinal cord are damaged, leading to
demyelination and scarring, and more symptoms.
Myelin is a white fatty material that provides a thick sheath or covering for
nerve fibres in the central nervous system, A healthy Myelin sheath enables a
nerve cell to send an electrical impulse along its fibre at high velocity.
Signs and Symptoms
A person with MS can be affected by any neurological symptom or sign
eg. Losing sensitivity or tingling, pricking or numbness, physical weakness,
having trouble moving, etc. this makes it hard to immediately diagnose MS since
it has symptoms of all other neurological diseases.
MS symptoms occur in periods usually called relapses, these relapses
are unpredictable and can occur without warning at a rate rarely above one and a
half per year. The relapses are more likely to occur during the spring and
summer, and viral infections increase the rate of relapse.
If MS has affected the cerebellum (the back of the brain) the patient may
have poor coordination, loss of balance, or tremors. If the optic nerve is involved
in demyelination, the patient may have blurred or reduced vision, if demyelination
of the brain stem occurs (the part that controls the eye) the patient may have
double vision because both eyes will have trouble focusing on one thing. If the
Spinal cord is impaired you would lose leg strength and bladder control.
Symptoms worsen in warmer temperatures, even though people in colder
climates are more likely to receive the disease, and MS lowers life expectancy by
only 5 years.
Effects of MS
MS usually starts to affect people between the age of 20 and 40 but can
also start later towards the ages of 40 and 50 and affects a total of 2.5 million
people worldwide.
MS affects the nerve cells ability, from the brain and spinal cord, to
communicate with each other. What happens is the Nerve cells use electrical
signals down the axons which are usually insulated by Myelin sheaths which
allow the message to go through quickly and wholly. MS causes the bodys
immune system to attack the myelin, causing the sheath to be stripped away
slowly, this is called demyelination. When Myelin is lost axons can no longer
effectively conduct signals, for example if myelin in sensory nerves is lost, a
person may have an impaired sense of touch. MS can occur in two forms, the
first is a mild form of MS which occurs in relapses while Chronic MS is
continuous and gradually gets worse.

Causes
Nobody knows the cause of MS, but the information that is out tells us that MS is
not hereditary but certain gene variations can increase the chance of having MS.
People who get less sun and Vitamin D are more vulnerable to MS. MS is more
common in colder temperate regions than warmer climates for reasons unknown but the
suspect is a virus.

Treatment
There are only two ways to treat MS, one way is to reduce inflammation and the
immune system attack against the nervous system. The other strategy is to wait
for symptoms to appear and then relieve the symptomsl.