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CALIBRATION PROCEDURE

NI PXIe-5644R
Reconfigurable 6 GHz RF Vector Signal Transceiver
This document contains information about calibrating the National Instruments PXIe-5644R
(NI 5644R) RF vector signal transceiver. This document provides performance tests to verify
whether the instrument is performing within the published specifications. For more information
about calibration, visit ni.com/calibration.
Caution Do not disconnect the cable that connects CAL IN to CAL OUT.
Removing the cable from or tampering with the CAL IN or CAL OUT front panel
connectors voids the product calibration, and specifications are no longer warranted.

Contents
Conventions .............................................................................................................................. 2
Software Requirements............................................................................................................. 2
Documentation Requirements .................................................................................................. 3
Calibration Interval................................................................................................................... 3
Test Equipment......................................................................................................................... 3
Test Conditions......................................................................................................................... 7
Calibration Procedures ............................................................................................................. 7
Initial Setup....................................................................................................................... 7
Test System Characterization ........................................................................................... 8
Power Sensor Zero.................................................................................................... 8
Power Splitter Characterization................................................................................ 8
As-Found and As-Left Limits........................................................................................... 14
Self-Calibration ................................................................................................................ 14
Verification....................................................................................................................... 14
Internal Frequency Reference Verification .............................................................. 15
LO OUT (RF IN 0 and RF OUT 0) Verification...................................................... 17
RF Input Absolute Amplitude Accuracy Verification.............................................. 19
RF Input Frequency Response Verification ............................................................. 23
RF Input Average Noise Density Verification ......................................................... 28
RF Input Non-Harmonic Spurs Verification ............................................................ 29
RF Output Power Level Accuracy Verification ....................................................... 32
RF Output Frequency Response Verification........................................................... 36
RF Output Noise Density Verification ..................................................................... 41
RF Output Third Order Intermodulation Output Verification.................................. 43
RF Output Harmonics Verification .......................................................................... 46
RF Output Non-Harmonic Spurs Verification.......................................................... 48
RF Output Spectral Purity Verification .................................................................... 50

RF Input Spectral Purity Verification ....................................................................... 52


RF Residual LO Power and Residual Sideband Image Suppression Verification ... 55
RF Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) Verification ..................................................... 59
Optional Verification Procedures ..................................................................................... 61
RF Input and Output Return Loss Verification ........................................................ 61
RF Input Third-Order and Second-Order Input Intermodulation Verification......... 63
Where to Go for Support .......................................................................................................... 66

Conventions
The following conventions are used in this manual:

The symbol leads you through nested menu items and dialog box
options to a final action. The sequence OptionsSettingsGeneral
directs you to pull down the Options menu, select the Settings item,
and select General from the last dialog box.
This icon denotes a tip, which alerts you to advisory information.
This icon denotes a note, which alerts you to important information.
This icon denotes a caution, which advises you of precautions to take
to avoid injury, data loss, or a system crash.

bold

Bold text denotes items that you must select or click in the software,
such as menu items and dialog box options. Bold text also denotes
parameter names.

italic

Italic text denotes variables, emphasis, a cross-reference, or an


introduction to a key concept. Italic text also denotes text that is a
placeholder for a word or value that you must supply.

monospace

Text in this font denotes text or characters that you should enter from
the keyboard, sections of code, programming examples, and syntax
examples. This font is also used for the proper names of disk drives,
paths, directories, programs, subprograms, subroutines, device names,
functions, operations, variables, filenames, and extensions.

monospace italic Italic text in this font denotes text that is a placeholder for a word or
value that you must supply.

Software Requirements
To calibrate the NI 5644R, you must install the following software on the calibration system:

NI LabVIEW 2012 Base/Full/Pro

NI LabVIEW 2012 Support for NI PXIe-5644R

2 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

NI-RFSA version 2.5.2 or later

NI Modulation Toolkit 4.3.3 or later

NI Spectral Measurements Toolkit version 2.5 or later

Documentation Requirements
You might find the following documentation helpful as you perform the calibration procedure:

NI PXIe-5644R Getting Started Guide

NI RF Vector Signal Transceivers Help

NI PXIe-5644R Specifications

The latest versions of these documents can be found on ni.com/manuals.

Calibration Interval
The measurement accuracy requirements of your application determine how often you should
calibrate your device. NI recommends that you perform a complete calibration of the NI5644R
at least once a year. You can shorten this calibration interval based on the accuracy demands of
your application.
A two year calibration interval is also supported for the NI 5644R. The limits listed for the
following procedures must be expanded, as documented in the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications.

RF Input Absolute Amplitude Accuracy Verification

RF Input Frequency Response Verification

RF Output Power Level Accuracy Verification

RF Output Frequency Response Verification

Refer to the Calibration section of the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications for more information about
recommended calibration intervals and warranted specifications and expansion factors.

Test Equipment
National Instruments recommends that you use the equipment in Table 1 for calibrating the
NI 5644R.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 3

4 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Table 1. NI 5644R Required Equipment Specifications for NI 5644R Calibration

Equipment

Frequency reference

Recommended Model

Measured Specification

Minimum Requirements

Symmetricom 8040
Rubidium Frequency
Standard

Internal frequency reference,


Input/output non-harmonic spurs,
Input third order and second order input
intermodulation,
Output noise density,
Output third order output intermodulation,
Output harmonics

Frequency: 10 MHz

Power sensor

Rohde & Schwarz (R&S)


NRP-Z91

Input/output frequency response,


Input/output absolute amplitude accuracy,
LO OUT (RF IN 0 and RF OUT 0)

Range: -67 dBm to +23 dBm


Frequency range: 65 MHz to 6 GHz
Accuracy: 0.5%
VSWR: <1.2

CW signal generator
(Source 1)

NI PXIe-5652 (NI 5652)

Internal frequency reference,


Input/output absolute amplitude accuracy,
Output third order output intermodulation,
Output harmonics,
Output non-harmonic spurs,
Input/output spectral purity,
Input non-harmonic spurs,
Input spectral purity,
Input third order and second order input
intermodulation

Frequency range: 65 MHz to 6 GHz


Frequency resolution: <5 Hz
Amplitude range: -30 dBm to
0 dBm

Frequency accuracy: 1E-9

Table 1. NI 5644R Required Equipment Specifications for NI 5644R Calibration (Continued)

Equipment

Recommended Model

Measured Specification

Minimum Requirements

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 5

Vector signal analyzer

NI PXIe-5665 (NI 5665)

Output third order intermodulation output,


Output harmonics,
Output non-harmonic spurs,
Input/output spectral purity

Frequency range: 65 MHz to


12 GHz
Instantaneous bandwidth: 50 MHz
Phase noise at 20 kHz offset:
<-125 dBm/Hz

Vector signal analyzer


with preamplification
option

NI PXIe-5665 (NI 5665)


with NI PXI-5691
(NI 5691)

Output noise density

Frequency range: 65 MHz to


12 GHz
Noise floor at 6 GHz:
<-158 dBm/Hz
Instantaneous bandwidth: 50 MHz
Phase noise at 20 kHz offset:
<-125 dBm/Hz

Power splitter

Aeroflex/Weinschel 1593

Input/output frequency response,


Input/output absolute amplitude accuracy

SWR: 1.25 at 18 GHz


Amplitude tracking: <0.25 dB

6 dB attenuator (2)

Anritsu 41KB-6

Input/output frequency response,


Input/output absolute amplitude accuracy

Frequency range: DC to 6 GHz


SWR: 1.1

Input average noise density

Frequency range: DC to 6 GHz


Maximum VSWR: 1.11

50 SMA terminator

6 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Table 1. NI 5644R Required Equipment Specifications for NI 5644R Calibration (Continued)

Equipment

Recommended Model

Measured Specification

Minimum Requirements

Adapter SMA
(m)-to-N (f)

Huber+Suhner
32_SMA_N-50-1/1-_U

Input/output frequency response,


Input/output absolute amplitude accuracy,
LO OUT (RF IN 0 and RF OUT 0)

Frequency range: DC to 6 GHz


Impedance: 50
Return loss: DC to 6 GHz 23 dB

Adapter
3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm
(m)

Huber+Suhner
31_PC35_50-0-2/199_N

Input/output frequency response,


Input/output absolute amplitude accuracy

Frequency range: DC to 6 GHz


Impedance: 50
Return loss: DC to 6 GHz 30 dB

Table 2 lists equipment required to perform optional calibration for non-warranted specifications of the NI 5644R.
Table 2. NI 5644R Required Equipment Specifications for Optional NI 5644R Calibration

Equipment

Recommended Model

Measured Specification

Minimum Requirements

CW signal generator
(Source 2)

NI PXIe-5652

Input third order and second order input


intermodulation

Frequency range: 65 MHz to 6 GHz


Frequency resolution: <5 Hz
Amplitude range: -30 dBm to
0 dBm

2-port vector network


analyzer

NI PXIe-5630

Input/output return loss

Frequency range: 65 MHz to 6 GHz

Power combiner

Minicircuits ZFRSC-123+

Input third order and second order input


intermodulation

>20 dB reverse isolation at 6 GHz

Test Conditions
The following setup and environmental conditions are required to ensure the NI 5644R meets
published specifications:

Keep cabling as short as possible. Long cables act as antennae, picking up extra noise that
can affect measurements.

Verify that all connections, including front panel connections and screws, are secure.

Ensure that the PXI Express chassis fan speed is set to HIGH, that the fan filters (if present)
are clean, and that the empty slots contain filler panels and slot blockers. For more
information about chassis cooling, refer to the Maintain Forced-Air Cooling Note to Users
document available at ni.com/manuals.

Keep relative humidity between 10% and 90%, noncondensing.

Maintain an ambient temperature of 23 C 5 C.

Allow a warm-up time of at least 30 minutes after the chassis is powered on. The warm-up
time ensures that the NI 5644R and test instrumentation are at a stable operating
temperature.

Each verification procedure requires a delay to allow the devices to settle in between
configuring all devices and acquiring measurements. This delay may need to be adjusted
depending on the instruments used.

Calibration Procedures
The calibration process includes the following steps:
1.

Initial SetupInstall the device and configure it in Measurement & Automation Explorer
(MAX). Refer to the NI PXIe-5644R Getting Started Guide for more information about
how to configure your device.

2.

Test System CharacterizationCharacterize the response of the test system. The measured
response is used during the verification tests.

3.

Self-CalibrationAdjust the self-calibration constants of the device.

4.

VerificationVerify the existing operation of the device. This step confirms whether the
device is operating within its specified range.

5.

AdjustmentIf the device does not fall within the desired specifications, return the device
to NI for calibration to adjust the calibration constants. Visit ni.com/calibration for
information about returning a device to NI.

6.

ReverificationRepeat the verification procedure to ensure that the device is operating


within its specifications after adjustment.

Initial Setup
Refer to the NI PXIe-5644R Getting Started Guide for information about how to install the
software and hardware and how to configure the device in MAX.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 7

Test System Characterization


These procedures are used to characterize the test system response. The results of these
procedures are used in the Verification section of this document.
The power splitter response is measured at the RF input frequencies used in the verification tests.
The connectors on the device under test (DUT) and test equipment are
fragile. Perform the steps in these procedures with great care to prevent damaging any
DUTs or test equipment.

Caution

Power Sensor Zero


1.

Ensure that the power sensor is not connected to any signals.

2.

Zero the power sensor using the built-in function.

Power Splitter Characterization


Zero the power sensor using the procedure in the Power Sensor Zero section
of this document prior to starting this procedure.
Note

Use the power splitter characterization procedures to characterize the test system response. You
use the results of these procedures in the Verification section of this document.
Measure the power splitter (and attenuation) response over 65 MHz to 6 GHz with frequency
points inclusive of the frequencies used in the verification tests.

Splitter Balance Characterization for RF Input Verification (With Attenuator)


Complete the following procedure to characterize the loss between the two output terminals of
the splitter, where the second terminal is terminated into an attenuator. The RF Input Absolute
Amplitude Accuracy Verification and RF Input Frequency Response Verification require
characterization data from this procedure.
1.

Connect the SMA (m) connector of the 6 dB attenuator to the RF OUT front panel
connector of the CW signal generator (Source 1)

2.

Connect the SMA (f) connector of the 6 dB attenuator to the input port of the power splitter
using an SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable.

3.

Connect the power sensor to one of the output ports of the power splitter using the SMA
(m)-to-N (f) adapter. Refer to this port as Splitter Output 1.

4.

Connect the other power splitter output to the SMA (f) connector of the second 6 dB
attenuator using an SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) adapter. Refer to the combined power splitter
output and 6 dB attenuator as Splitter Output 2.

5.

Connect the 50 terminator to Splitter Output 2 using an SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) adapter.
Figure 1 illustrates the hardware setup.

8 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Figure 1. Connection Diagram for Measuring at Splitter Output 1


2

1
2
3
4

6.

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)


50 Terminator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Adapter
Power Splitter

5
6
7

Power Sensor
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable
6 dB Attenuator

Configure the CW signal generator using the following settings:

Center frequency (Hz): 65 MHz; store as Frequency

Power level (dBm): 0 dBm

7.

Configure the power sensor to correct for Frequency using the power sensor's frequency
correction function.

8.

Use the power sensor to measure the power.

9.

Repeat steps 6 through 8 by updating Frequency from 65 MHz to 6 GHz in 5 MHz steps.
Record the resulting measurements as Splitter Output 1 Power. Each frequency should have
a corresponding value.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 9

10. Disconnect the power sensor and 50 terminator from the power splitter.
11. Connect the power sensor to Splitter Output 2 using an SMA (f)-to-SMA (f) adapter and an
SMA (m)-to-N (f) adapter.
12. Connect the 50 terminator to Splitter Output 1. Figure 2 illustrates the hardware setup.
Figure 2. Connection Diagram for Measuring at Splitter Output 2
7

1
2
3
4

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)


Power Sensor
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Adapter
Power Splitter

5
6
7

50 Terminator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable
6 dB Attenuator

13. Configure the CW signal generator using the following settings:

Center frequency (Hz): 65 MHz; store as Frequency

Power level (dBm): 0 dBm

10 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

14. Configure the power sensor to correct for Frequency using the power sensor frequency
correction function.
15. Use the power sensor to measure the power.
16. Repeat steps 13 through 15 by updating Frequency from 65 MHz to 6 GHz in 5 MHz steps.
Record the resulting measurements as Splitter Output 2 Power. Each frequency should have
a corresponding value.
17. Calculate the Splitter Balance for each frequency point using the following equation:
Splitter Balance = Splitter Output 2 Power Splitter Output 1Power

Splitter Loss Characterization for RF Output Verification


Complete the following procedure to characterize the loss through the splitter. The RF Output
Power Level Accuracy Verification and RF Output Frequency Response Verification require
characterization data from this procedure.
1.

Connect the SMA (m) connector of the 6 dB attenuator to the RF OUT front panel
connector of the CW signal generator (Source 1).

2.

Connect the SMA (f) connector of the 6 dB attenuator to the power sensor using an SMA
(m)-to-N (f) adapter. Figure 3 illustrates the hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 11

Figure 3. Connection Diagram for Measuring Splitter Input Power

1
2

3.

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)

6 dB Attenuator

Power Sensor

Generate a tone with the CW signal generator using the following settings:

Center frequency (Hz): 65 MHz; store as frequency

Power level (dBm): 0 dBm

4.

Configure the power sensor to correct for frequency using the power sensor frequency
correction function.

5.

Use the power sensor to measure the output power.

6.

Repeat steps 3 through 5 by updating frequency from 65 MHz to 6 GHz in 5 MHz steps.

7.

Disconnect the power sensor from the 6 dB attenuator.

8.

Connect the power splitter input port to the SMA (f) port of the 6 dB attenuator using an
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) adapter.

9.

Connect the power sensor to one of the splitter output ports using the SMA (m)-to-N (f)
adapter. Refer to this port as Splitter Output 1 for the remainder of this procedure and all
tests that use the resulting characterization data.

Record the resulting measurements as Splitter Input Power.

12 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

10. Connect the other output of the power splitter to the SMA (f) connector of a second 6 dB
attenuator using an SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable.
11. Connect the SMA (m) connector of the second 6 dB attenuator to the RF IN front panel port
of the NI 5644R. The NI 5644R RF IN terminal is used only for termination in this
procedure. Figure 4 illustrates the hardware setup.
Figure 4. Connection Diagram for Measuring Splitter Output 1 Power
8

1
NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm

0-3 dBm

50

50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

6
ESD
SENSITIVE

1
2
3
4

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)


6 dB Attenuator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Adapter
Power Sensor

5
6
7
8

Power Splitter
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable
SMA (m)-to-N (f) Adapter
NI 5644R

12. Configure the NI 5644R using the following settings:

Center frequency (Hz): 65 MHz, store as Frequency

Reference level (dBm): 10 dBm

13. Generate a tone with the CW signal generator (source 1) using the following settings:

Center frequency (Hz): Frequency

Power level (dBm): 0 dBm


NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 13

14. Configure the power sensor to correct for frequency using the power sensor's frequency
correction function.
15. Use the power sensor to measure the output power.
16. Repeat steps 12 through 15 by updating Frequency from 65 MHz to 6 GHz in 5 MHz steps.
Record the resulting measurements as Splitter Output 1 Power at 10 dBm Reference Level.
17. Repeat steps 12 through 17 with the NI 5644R configured for a -30 dBm reference level.
Record the resulting measurements as Splitter Output 1 Power at 30 dBm Reference Level.
18. Calculate the loss through the splitter at each frequency point and for each configured
reference level using the following equation:
Splitter Loss at 10 dBm Reference Level = Splitter Output 1 Power at 10 dBm Reference Level
Splitter Input Power
Splitter Loss at 30 dBm Reference Level = Splitter Output 1 Power at 30 dBm Reference
Level Splitter Input Power

As-Found and As-Left Limits


The as-found limits are the published specifications for the NI 5644R. NI uses these limits to
determine whether the NI 5644R meets the device specifications when it is received for
calibration.
The as-left limits are equal to the published NI specifications for the NI 5644R, less guard bands
for the measurement uncertainty, temperature drift, and drift over time. NI uses these limits to
ensure that the NI 5644R meets the published specifications over its calibration interval.

Self-Calibration
The NI 5644R includes precise internal circuits and references used during self-calibration to
adjust for any errors caused by short-term fluctuations in the environment. It is important that
the self-calibration function be performed to validate the specifications listed in the next section.
You can perform the self-calibration from the installed self-calibration executable located at
Program Files\National Instruments\NI VST\Self Calibration.
You can also use the niVST Self-Calibrate VI, located on the FunctionsInstrument I/O
Instrument DriversNI VST Calibration palette. Refer to the NI RF Vector Signal
Transceivers Help for more information about self-calibration.
Note

Allow a 30 minute warm-up period before you begin self-calibration.

Verification
This section describes the steps needed to verify the published specifications for the NI 5644R.
Verification tests the following NI 5644R specifications:

Internal Frequency Reference

LO OUT (RF IN 0 and RF OUT 0)

14 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

RF Input Absolute Amplitude Accuracy

RF Input Frequency Response

RF Input Average Noise Density

RF Input Non-Harmonic Spurs

RF Output Power Level Accuracy

RF Output Frequency Response

RF Output Noise Density

RF Output Third Order Output Intermodulation

RF Output Harmonics

RF Output Non-Harmonic Spurs

RF Spectral Purity

RF LO Residual Power

RF Residual Sideband Image Suppression

RF Error Vector Magnitude

Internal Frequency Reference Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the frequency accuracy of the NI 5644R onboard
frequency reference using a CW signal generator. During this procedure, the CW signal
generator stimulates the NI 5644R receiver with a frequency accurate signal.
1.

Connect the CW signal generator RF OUT front panel connector to the NI 5644R RF IN
front panel connector.

2.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the CW signal generator REF IN connector. Figure 5 illustrates the complete hardware
setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 15

Figure 5. Internal Frequency Reference Verification Cabling Diagram


2

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

3
LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

3.

4.

NI 5644R

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)

Configure the CW signal generator to generate a 2.22 GHz signal with a 0 dBm average
output power, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 2.22 GHz

Output power: 0 dBm

Reference clock source: External

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire and measure the signal generated in step 3, using the
following settings:

Center frequency: 2.22 GHz

Reference level: +10 dBm

Resolution bandwidth: 100 Hz

Span: 100 kHz

FFT window: Hanning

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 20

16 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Reference clock source: Onboard

5.

Measure the frequency of the peak acquired tone.

6.

Calculate the deviation using the following equation:


f measured ( GHz ) 2.2GHz
f = ---------------------------------------------------------------2.2GHz

7.

The results in step 6 should be less than the following equation:


Initial Accuracy + Aging + Temperature Stability
Where

Initial Accuracy = 200 109


6

1 x10
Aging = -------------------year

NumberofYearsSinceLastAdjustment

Temperature Stability = 1 106


Note You can find NumberofYearsSinceLastAdjustment programmatically using
the NI LabVIEW 2012 support for NI-PXIe 5644R software.

LO OUT (RF IN 0 and RF OUT 0) Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the power level of the local oscillator (LO) for the input
and output channels of the NI 5644R. Use a power sensor to accurately measure the output
power of each LO at the LO OUT connector.
Note Zero the power sensor using the procedure in the Power Sensor Zero section
of this document prior to starting this procedure.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 17

1.

Connect the NI 5644R LO OUT (RF IN 0) front panel connector to the power sensor using
the SMA (m)-to-N (f) adapter. Figure 6 illustrates the complete hardware setup.
Figure 6. LO OUT (RF IN 0) Verification Cabling Diagram

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O

LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

2.

NI 5644R

SMA (m)-to-N (f) Adapter

Power Sensor

Configure the NI 5644R RF IN channel to export the local oscillator, using the following
settings:

Center frequency: 100 MHz

LO OUT enabled: Enabled

3.

Configure the power sensor to correct for the frequency listed in step 2 by configuring the
frequency correction function.

4.

Use the power sensor to measure the signal power at the LO OUT (RF IN 0) connector.

5.

Compare the measured LO OUT (RF IN 0) output power to the limits listed in Table 3.

6.

Repeat steps 2 through 4 for the remaining frequencies between 100 MHz and 6 GHz, in
100 MHz steps.

18 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

7.

Repeat steps 1 through 6 for the LO OUT (RF OUT 0) connector.


Table 3. LO OUT Power Test Limits

LO OUT Power

Frequency

LO OUT
(RF IN 0)
(dBm)

LO OUT
(RF OUT 0)
(dBm)

As-Found
Limit (dB)

As-Left
Limit (dB)

65 MHz to <3.6 GHz

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

3.6 GHz to 6
*

GHz*

The expected output power of the LO OUT (RF OUT 0) is 3 dBm above 3.6 GHz.

Note The As-Found Limits and As-Left Limits are not found in the published
specifications for the NI 5644R. These limits are based on published specifications
found in the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications, less guard bands for measurement
uncertainty, temperature drift, and drift over time.

RF Input Absolute Amplitude Accuracy Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the absolute amplitude accuracy of the NI 5644R input
channels. Use a power sensor and signal generator to measure the absolute amplitude accuracy
at a given center frequency over a broad range of reference levels.
Note Zero the power sensor using the procedure in the Power Sensor Zero section
of this document prior to starting this procedure.

1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the input terminal of the power
splitter using a SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable.

2.

Connect Splitter Output 1 directly to the power sensor input connector using the SMA
(m)-to-N(f) adapter.

3.

Connect Splitter Output 2 to the SMA (f) end of the 6 dB attenuator using a 3.5 mm
(m)-to-3.5 mm (m) adapter.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 19

4.

Connect the remaining 6 dB attenuator SMA (m) connector directly to the NI 5644R RF IN
front panel connector. Figure 7 illustrates the complete hardware setup.
Figure 7. RF Input Absolute Amplitude Accuracy Verification Cabling Diagram

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0

REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

1
PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

1
2
3
4

5.

NI 5644R
SMA (m)-to-N (f) Adapter
Power Splitter
Power Sensor

5
6
7

SMA 3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) Adapter


6dB Attenuator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal at 500 MHz, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 500 MHz

Reference level: 30 dBm


Steps 6 through 10 create correction factors that transfer the accuracy of the
power sensor to the generator. Record the results from these steps in a lookup table
called Accuracy Transfer Results.
Note

20 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

6.

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a 80 MHz tone, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 80 MHz

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Output power: power listed under Configure Output Power (dBm) in the Transfer A
row in Table 4.

7.

Configure the power sensor to correct for the frequency listed in step 6 by configuring the
frequency correction function.

8.

Measure the power of the signal present at the reference output of the power splitter with
the power sensor.

9.

Repeat steps 6 through 8 for the remaining frequencies listed in the Transfer A row of
Table 4.

10. Repeat steps 6 through 9 for transfers B and C, shown in Table 4. Record the results from
this step as Accuracy Transfer Result. Create a table and include a value for each test point,
Transfer versus Frequency.
Table 4. RF Input Accuracy Transfer Table

Transfer

Supported
Reference
Levels
(dBm)

30 to -10

Configure
Output
Power
(dBm)

Start
Frequency

Stop
Frequency

Frequency
Step Size

10

80 MHz

105 MHz

5 MHz

250 MHz

6 GHz

10 MHz

80 MHz

105 MHz

5 MHz

250 MHz

6 GHz

10 MHz

80 MHz

105 MHz

5 MHz

250 MHz

6 GHz

10 MHz

-10 to -30

-30 to -60

-10

-30

11. Configure the NI 5644R to acquire at 80 MHz, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 80 MHz

Reference level: 30 dBm

Span: 10 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

12. Configure the NI 5644R to generate a signal at the center frequency specified in step 11
with a 3.75 MHz signal offset, using the following settings:

Center frequency: Frequency from step 11 + 3.75 MHz


NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 21

Power level: Configure Output Power (dBm) from the transfer found in Table 4, which
supports the reference level from step 11.

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Digital gain:

Reference Level from step 11 Power Level from step 12 or 0 dB, whichever is less.
13. Calculate the Transfer Input Power using the following equation:
Transfer Input Power = Accuracy Transfer Result + Digital Gain from Step 12
Tip Find the Accuracy Transfer Result by interpolating between the data points in
the Accuracy Transfer Results table.

14. Calculate the Corrected Input Power using the following equation:
Corrected Input Power = Transferred Input Power + Splitter Balance
Tip Find the Splitter Balance by interpolating between data points from the Splitter
Balance Characterization for RF Input Verification (With Attenuator) procedure.

15. Configure the NI 5644R using the settings from step 11, perform an acquisition, and
measure the tone present at the offset of 3.75 MHz.
16. Calculate the Absolute Amplitude Accuracy using the following equation:
Absolute Amplitude Accuracy = NI 5644R Input Power Corrected Input Power
17. Repeat steps 11 through 16 for the remaining frequencies in Table 4.
18. Repeat steps 11 through 17 for the remaining reference levels from 30 dBm to -30 dBm in
10 dB increments.
19. Compare the Absolute Amplitude Accuracy values measured to the verification test limits
in Table 5.
Table 5. RF Input Absolute Accuracy Test Limits

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dB)

As-Left Limit
(dB)

65 MHz to <375 MHz

0.70

0.45

375 MHz to 2 GHz

0.65

0.45

>2 GHz to 4 GHz

0.70

0.40

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

0.90

0.55

22 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

RF Input Frequency Response Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the frequency response of the NI 5644R input channels.
Use a power meter and signal generator to measure the relative flatness at a given center
frequency over a range of reference levels.
Note Zero the power sensor using the procedure in the Power Sensor Zero section
of this document prior to starting this procedure.

1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the input terminal of the power
splitter using an SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable.

2.

Connect Splitter Output 1 directly to the power sensor input connector using the
SMA (m)-to-N(f) adapter.

3.

Connect Splitter Output 2 to the SMA (f) end of the 6 dB attenuator using a
3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) adapter.

4.

Connect the remaining 6 dB attenuator SMA (m) connector directly to the NI 5644R RF IN
front panel connector. Figure 8 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 23

Figure 8. RF Input Frequency Response Verification Cabling Diagram


4

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0

REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

1
PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

1
2
3
4

5.

NI 5644R
SMA (m)-to-N (f) Adapter
Power Splitter
Power Sensor

5
6
7

SMA 3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) Adapter


6 dB Attenuator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal using the following settings:

Center frequency: 500 MHz

Reference level: 30 dBm


Note Steps 6 through 11 create correction factors that transfer the accuracy of the
power sensor to the generator. Record the results from these steps in a lookup table
called Accuracy Transfer Results.

24 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

6.

Configure the NI 5644R to generate an 85 MHz tone, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 85 MHz - (Test Bandwidth/2) MHz, where Test Bandwidth is the
value specified in Table 7.

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Output power: Power listed in the Transfer A row in Table 6.


Table 6. RF Input Frequency Response Accuracy Transfer Table

Supported Reference
Levels (dBm)

Transfer

Configure Output Power


(dBm)

30 to -10

10

-10 to -30

-10

-30 to -60

-30

7.

Use the frequency correction function to configure the power sensor to correct for the
frequency listed in step 6.

8.

Measure the power of the signal present at Splitter Output 1 of the power splitter with the
power sensor.

9.

Repeat steps 6 through 8 by sweeping the generator from the center frequency in step 6 to
85 MHz + (Test Bandwidth/2) MHz in 2 MHz steps, where Test Bandwidth is the value
specified in Table 7.
Table 7. RF Input Flatness Test Points

Test Points (MHz)

85

Test Bandwidth (MHz)

20

300

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 25

Table 7. RF Input Flatness Test Points (Continued)

Test Points (MHz)

450
550
600
650
800
950
1,000
1,050
1,200
1,550
1,600
1,650
2,000
2,650
2,700
2,750
3,000
3,800
3,950
4,000
4,050
4,500
4,950
5,000
5,050
5,500
5,950
26 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Test Bandwidth (MHz)

80

10. Repeat steps 6 through 9 for the remaining center frequency points listed in Table 7.
11. Repeat steps 6 through 10 for the remaining transfers listed in Table 6.
12. Configure the NI 5644R RF to acquire a signal at 85 MHz, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 85 MHz

Reference level: 30 dBm

Span: Test Bandwidth listed in Table 7

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

13. Configure the NI 5644R to generate at the center frequency specified in step 12 - (Test
Bandwidth/2), where Test Bandwidth is the value specified in Table 7, using the following
settings:

Center frequency: Frequency from step 12 - (Test Bandwidth/2) MHz

Power level: Configure Output Power (dBm) from the Transfer found in Table 6,
which supports the reference level from step 12.

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Digital gain:

Reference Level from step 10 Power Level from step 13 or 0 dB, whichever is less.
14. Calculate the Transfer Input Power using the following equation:
Transfer Input Power = Accuracy Transfer Result + Digital Gain from step 13
Tip Find the Accuracy Transfer Result by interpolating between the data points in
the Accuracy Transfer Results table.

15. Calculate the Corrected Input Power using the following equation:
Corrected Input Power = Transferred Input Power + Splitter Balance
Tip Find the Splitter Balance by interpolating between data points from the Splitter
Balance Characterization for RF Input Verification (With Attenuator) procedure.

16. Configure the NI 5644R using the settings from step 12, perform an acquisition, and
measure the tone present at the center frequency from step 13.
17. Calculate the Absolute Amplitude Accuracy using the following equation:
Absolute Amplitude Accuracy = NI 5644R Input Power Corrected Input Power
18. Repeat steps 13 through 17 by sweeping the generator from the center frequency in step 13
to the center frequency of Step 12 + (Test Bandwidth/2) in 2 MHz steps, where Test
Bandwidth is the value specified in Table 7.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 27

19. Subtract the maximum and minimum Absolute Amplitude Accuracy values from the results
of step 18. This value is the RF input Equalized Frequency Response for the center
frequency of step 12.
20. Repeat steps 12 through 19 for the remaining center frequencies in Table 7.
21. Repeat steps 12 through 20 for the remaining reference levels between 0 dBm and -30 dBm
in 10 dB steps.
22. Compare the Equalized Frequency Response values measured to the verification test limits
in Table 8.
Table 8. RF Input Frequency Response Test Limits

Equalized
Bandwidth (MHz)

As-Found
Limit (dB)

As-Left Limit
(dB)

109 MHz

20

0.5

0.5

>109 MHz to 375 MHz

20

0.5

0.5

>375 MHz to 6 GHz

80

0.5

0.5

Frequency

RF Input Average Noise Density Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the average noise level of the NI 5644R. The RF input of
the NI 5644R is terminated with a 50 termination. Measure the terminated average noise
density at a given center frequency over several reference levels.
1.

Connect a 50 termination to the NI 5644R RF IN front panel connector.

2.

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal at 65 MHz center frequency, using the following
settings:

Center frequency: 65 MHz

Reference level: -50 dBm

Span: 10 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

PSD enabled: True

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 50

FFT window: Flat Top

3.

Read the power spectral density from the NI 5644R.

4.

Convert the sorted spectrum magnitude values from dBm to watts, calculate the mean, and
convert the result back to dBm. This value is the Average Noise Density for the
configuration in step 2. Record the result.

5.

Repeat steps 2 through 4 for the remaining frequencies from 65 MHz to 6 GHz in 20 MHz
steps.

6.

Change the reference level to -10 dBm and repeat steps 2 through 5.

28 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

7.

Compare the NI 5644R Average Noise Density to the verification test limits listed in
Tables 9 and 10.
Table 9. RF IN Average Noise Density Test Limits (50 dBm Reference Level)

As-Found Limit
(dBm/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBm/Hz)

65 MHz to 4 GHz

-159

-159

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

-156

-156

Frequency

Table 10. RF IN Average Noise Density Test Limits (10 dBm Reference Level)

As-Found Limit
(dBm/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBm/Hz)

65 MHz to 4 GHz

-145

-145

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

-144

-144

Frequency

RF Input Non-Harmonic Spurs Verification


Complete the following procedure to verify the non-harmonic spurs in the presence of an
external signal. Use a CW signal generator to provide a signal to the RF inputs. The spurious
energy is verified within the supported instantaneous bandwidth of the NI 5644R at a specified
center frequency.
1.

Connect the CW signal generator RF OUT connector to the RF IN front panel connector of
the NI 5644R.

2.

Connect the NI 5644R REF IN front panel connector to an available 10 MHz rubidium
frequency reference rear panel BNC connector.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the REF IN of the CW signal generator used in step 1. Figure 9 illustrates the complete
hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 29

Figure 9. Non-Harmonic Spurs Verification Cabling Diagram


2

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

3
LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

4.

5.

NI 5644R

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire an 80 MHz wide signal, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 143 MHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 80 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

Configure the CW signal generator and generate a single -1 dBr tone at the center frequency
specified in step 4.
Note The following steps provide a general method for validating the
non-harmonic spurs. For an improved measurement, use a peak detect method to
differentiate spurious content from noise.

30 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

6.

Acquire an 80 MHz wide spectrum using the NI 5644R.

7.

Measure the peak power within 100 kHz to 1 MHz offset of the tone on either side of the
carrier frequency from the data acquired in step 6. Record the maximum value for
comparison to the >100 kHz offset limits.

8.

Measure the peak power at a >1 MHz offset of the tone on either side of the carrier
frequency from the data acquired in step 6. Record the maximum value for comparison to
the >1 MHz offset limits.

9.

Repeat steps 4 through 8 by sweeping the NI 5644R and CW tone to the carrier frequency
of 145 MHz in 200 kHz steps.

10. Repeat steps 4 through 9 for the remaining test points listed in Table 11.
11. Compare the results from step 10 to the test limits in Table 12.
Table 11. RF Input Non-Harmonics Test Points

Start Frequency (MHz)

Stop Frequency (MHz)

Step Size (kHz)

143

145

200

263

265

200

503

505

200

1,007

1,009

200

2,015

2,017

200

2,519

2,521

200

3,023

3,025

200

4,007

4,009

200

5,015

5,017

200

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 31

Table 12. RF Input Non-harmonic Spurs

Frequency

Offset (kHz)

As-Found Limit
(dBc)

As-Left Limit
(dBc)

65 MHz to 3 GHz

>100

-60

-60

>1,000

-75

-75

>100

-55

-55

>1,000

-70

-70

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

RF Output Power Level Accuracy Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the power level accuracy of the NI 5644R output channel.
Use a power sensor to measure the output power at a given center frequency over a range of
output power levels.
Zero the power sensor using the procedure in the Power Sensor Zero section
of this document prior to starting this procedure.
Note

1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the input terminal of the power
splitter using a 3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) adapter.

2.

Connect Splitter Output 1 directly to the power sensor using the SMA (m)-to-N(f) adapter.

3.

Connect the remaining power splitter output to one end of the 6 dB attenuator using an
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable.

4.

Connect the other port of the 6 dB attenuator directly to the NI 5644R RF IN front panel
connector. Figure 10 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

32 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Figure 10. RF Output Absolute Amplitude Accuracy Cabling Diagram


3

5
NI PXIe-5644R

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

1
PFI 0

DO NOT REMOVE

LV T T L

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

1
2
3
4

5.

NI 5644R
6 dB Attenuator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable
3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) Adapter

5
6
7

Power Splitter
SMA (m)-to-N (f) Adapter
Power Sensor

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a tone using the following settings:

Center frequency: 80 MHz

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Output power: Power listed in the Transfer A row in Table 13.

6.

Configure the power sensor to correct for the frequency value specified in step 5.

7.

Measure the power of the signal present on Splitter Output 1 with the power sensor. Record
this value as Measurement at Power Standard.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 33

8.

9.

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal using the following settings:

Center frequency: 80 MHz

Reference level: Configured Reference Level (dBm) specified in the Transfer A row in
Table 13.

Span: 1 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

Acquire the signal with the NI 5644R and measure the peak tone power. Record this value
as Measurement at Transferred Standard.

10. Repeat steps 5 through 9 for the remaining frequency points listed in the Transfer A row in
Table 13
11. Repeat steps 5 through 10 for the remaining transfers listed in Table 13. Store the results of
this step in a table of values, Transfer versus Frequency, where Transfer is defined by the
following equation:
Accuracy Transfer Result = Measurement at Transferred Standard
Measurement at Power Standard
Each Transfer listed in Table 13 should have a corresponding row of data points.
Table 13. RF Output Accuracy Transfer Table

Transfer

Supported
Output
Power
Levels
(dBm)

Configured
Output
Power
(dBm)

Configured
Reference
Level
(dBm)

Start
Frequency

Stop
Frequency

Frequency
Step Size

+10 to 20

10

80 MHz

105 MHz

5 MHz

250 MHz

6 GHz

10 MHz

80 MHz

105 MHz

5 MHz

250 MHz

6 GHz

10 MHz

20 to 40

15

30

12. Configure the NI 5644R to generate a tone using the following settings:

Center frequency: 80 MHz

Output power: 10 dBm

Tone offset: 3.75 MHz

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

13. Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal at the center frequency specified in step 12
using the following settings:

Center frequency: Center frequency from step 12

Reference level: Configured Reference Level (dBm) from the Transfer found in
Table 13 that supports the output power from step 12.

34 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Span: 10 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

14. Acquire the waveform with the NI 5644R and measure the tone power located at the center
frequency + the tone offset from step 12. This value is the Measured Tone Power.
15. Calculate the Transferred Output Power using the following equation:
Transferred Output Power = Accuracy Transfer Result Measured Tone Power
Tip Find the Accuracy Transfer Result by interpolating between the data points in
the Accuracy Transfer Results table you created in step 11.

16. Calculate the Correct Output Power using the following equation:
Corrected Output Power = Transferred Output Power Splitter Loss
Tip Find the Splitter Loss by interpolating between data points from the Splitter
Loss Characterization for RF Output Verification procedure. Choose the appropriate
value based on the transfer used.

17. Calculate the Absolute Amplitude Accuracy using the following equation:
Absolute Amplitude Accuracy = NI 5644R Output Power Corrected Output Power
where NI 5644R Output Power is the configured output power of the NI 5644R RF output
path.
18. Repeat steps 12 through 17 for the remaining frequencies listed in Table 13.
19. Repeat steps 12 through 18 for the remaining power levels between 10 dBm and -70 dBm
in 10 dB steps.
20. Compare the Absolute Amplitude Accuracy values measured to the verification test limits
in Table 14.
Table 14. RF Output Absolute Accuracy Test Limits

Frequency

As-Found Limit (dB)

As-Left Limit (dB)

65 MHz to <375 MHz

0.70

0.40

375 MHz to 2 GHz

0.75

0.40

>2 GHz to 4 GHz

0.75

0.45

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

1.00

0.55

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 35

Note The As-Found Limits and As-Left Limits are not found in the published
specifications for the NI 5644R. These limits are based on published specifications
found in the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications, less guard bands for measurement
uncertainty, temperature drift, and drift over time.

RF Output Frequency Response Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the frequency response of the NI 5644R outputs. Use a
power meter to measure the relative flatness at a given center frequency over a range of output
levels.
Zero the power sensor using the procedure in the Power Sensor Zero section
of this document prior to starting this procedure.
Note

1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the input terminal of the power
splitter using a 3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) adapter.

2.

Connect Splitter Output 1 directly to the power sensor using the SMA (m)-to-N (f) adapter.

3.

Connect the remaining power splitter output to one end of the 6 dB attenuator using an
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable.

4.

Connect the other port of the 6 dB attenuator directly to the NI 5644R RF IN front panel
connector. Figure 11 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

36 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Figure 11. RF Output Frequency Response Verification Cabling Diagram


3

5
NI PXIe-5644R

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

1
PFI 0

DO NOT REMOVE

LV T T L

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

1
2
3
4

5.

NI 5644R
6 dB Attenuator
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable
3.5 mm (m)-to-3.5 mm (m) Adapter

5
6
7

Power Splitter
SMA (m)-to-N (f) Adapter
Power Sensor

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a tone at 85 - (Test Bandwidth /2) MHz, where Test
Bandwidth is the value specified in Table 16, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 85 MHz

Tone offset: - (Test Bandwidth /2) MHz

I/Q rate: 120 MS/s

Output power: power listed in the Transfer A row in Table 15.

6.

Configure the power sensor to correct for the frequency listed in step 5.

7.

Measure the power of the signal present on the first output of the power splitter with the
power sensor. Record this value as Measurement at Power Standard.
NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 37

8.

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal at the tone frequency of step 5, using the
following settings:

9.

Center frequency: (Center frequency of step 5 + tone offset from step 5) in MHz

Reference level: Reference level listed in the Transfer A row in Table 15.

Span: 1 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

Acquire the signal generated with the NI 5644R and measure the peak tone power. Record
this value as Measurement at Transferred Standard.

10. Repeat steps 5 through 9 by sweeping the tone offset from -(Test Bandwidth/2) to +(Test
Bandwidth/2) in 2 MHz steps, where Test Bandwidth is the value specified in Table 16.
11. Repeat steps 5 through 10 for the remaining center frequencies listed in Table 16.
12. Repeat steps 5 through 11 for the remaining transfers listed in Table 15. Store the results of
this step in a table of values, Transfer Versus Frequency, where Transfer is defined by the
following equation:
Accuracy Transfer Result = Measurement at Transferred Standard Measurement at Power
Standard
Each Transfer listed in Table 15 should have a corresponding row of data points.
Table 15. RF Output Frequency Response Transfer Table

Transfer

Supported Output
Power Levels (dBm)

Configured Output
Power (dBm)

Configured
Reference Level
(dBm)

+10 dBm to -20 dBm

10

-20 dBm to -40 dBm

-15

-15

Table 16. RF Output Frequency Response Test Points

Test Points (MHz)

85
300

38 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Test Bandwidth (MHz)

20

Table 16. RF Output Frequency Response Test Points (Continued)

Test Points (MHz)

450

Test Bandwidth (MHz)

80

550
600
650
800
950
1,000
1,050
1,200
1,550
1,600
1,650
2,000
2,650
2,700
2,750
3,000
3,800
3,950
4,000
4,050
4,500
4,950
5,000
5,050
5,500
5,950
NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 39

13. Configure the NI 5644R to generate a signal at 85 MHz with a tone at


-(Test Bandwidth/2) MHz offset, where Test Bandwidth is the value specified in Table 16,
using the following settings:

Center frequency: 85 MHz

Tone offset: -(Test Bandwidth/2) MHz

I/Q rate: 120 MS/s

Output power: 0 dBm.

14. Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a signal at the tone frequency specified in step 13, using
the following settings:

Center frequency: (Center frequency of step 13 + the tone offset from step 5) in MHz

Reference level: Configured Reference Level (dBm) from the Transfer found in
Table 15 that supports the output power from step 13.

Span: 1 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Number of averages: 10

FFT window: Flat Top

15. Acquire the waveform with the NI 5644R, and measure the tone power located at the center
frequency + the tone offset from step 13. This value is the Measured Tone Power.
16. Calculate the Transferred Output Power using the following equation:
Transferred Output Power = Accuracy Transfer Result Measured Tone Power
Tip Find the Accuracy Transfer Result by interpolating between the data points in
the Accuracy Transfer Results table you created in step 12.

17. Calculate the Corrected Output Power using the following equation:
Corrected Output Power = Transferred Output Power Splitter Loss
Tip Find the Splitter Loss by interpolating between data points from the Splitter
Loss Characterization for RF Output Verification procedure. Choose the appropriate
value based on the transfer used.

18. Calculate the Absolute Amplitude Accuracy using the following equation:
Absolute Amplitude Accuracy = NI 5644R Output Power Corrected Output Power
where NI 5644R Output Power is the configured output power of the NI 5644R RF output
path.
19. Repeat steps 13 through 18 by sweeping the tone offset from -(Test Bandwidth/2) to +(Test
Bandwidth/2) in 2 MHz steps, where Test Bandwidth is the value specified in Table 16.
20. Subtract the maximum and minimum Absolute Amplitude Accuracy values from the results
of step 19. This value is the RF Input Equalized Frequency Response for the center
frequency of step 13.

40 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

21. Repeat steps 13 through 20 for the remaining center frequencies in Table 16.
22. Repeat steps 13 through 21 for power levels from 0 dBm to -30 dBm in 10 dB steps.
23. Compare the Equalized Frequency Response values measured to the verification test limits
specified in Table 17.
Table 17. RF OUT Frequency Response Test Limits

Frequency

Equalized
Bandwidth (MHz)

As-Found Limit
(dB)

As-Left Limit
(dB)

109 MHz

20

0.5

0.5

>109 MHz to 375 MHz

20

0.5

0.5

>375 MHz to 6 GHz

80

0.5

0.5

RF Output Noise Density Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the generated noise density of the NI 5644R outputs. Use
a high dynamic range spectrum analyzer with an internal or external pre-amplification stage to
characterize the generated noise at a given frequency over several output levels.
Note This measurement requires a measuring instrument average noise density
better than -158 dBm/Hz. You may need an external preamplifier if your spectrum
analyzer does not have an internal gain mode that can meet this requirement. If you
are using an external preamplifier, proceed to step 1, otherwise continue on to step 3.

1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the input connector of the external
preamplifier.

2.

Connect the preamplifier output to the RF IN front panel connector of the spectrum
analyzer.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the NI 5644R REF IN front panel connector.

4.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the spectrum analyzer REF IN front panel connector. Figure 12 illustrates the complete
hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 41

Figure 12. RF Output Noise Density Verification Cabling Diagram


2

NI PXI-5691

NI PXIe-5644R

RF Amplifier

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

ACCESS

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

50

REF OUT

ACTIVE

NI PXIe-5622

ACTIVE

50 KHz - 8 GHz

NI PXIe-5653

NI PXIe-5605
Downconverter 20 Hz - 14 GHz

16-Bit IF Digitizer

ACCESS

ACCESS

Synthesizer

ACTIVE

ACCESS

ACTIVE

IF IN
REF IN

RF IN

IN

10 MHz
2 V p-p MAX

0 V DC
+20 dBm MAX > 10 MHz
+10 dBm MAX < 10 MHz

+30 dBm
MAX
50

REF OUT
10 MHz
0.5 V rms

+20 dBm MAX


50

1.65Vp-p

CH 0

50

CAL
IN
PFI 0
LV T T L

REF OUT
100 MHz
0.5 V rms

CAL
OUT

OUT

IN

DO NOT REMOVE

PFI 1

OUT
50

LO3

LO3

LO3

TTL

800 MHz

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm

0-3 dBm

50

50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX

IN
+30 dBm
MAX
50

CLK IN
6.3 Vp-p
MAX
50

LO2

LO2

LO2

CH 1

LV T T L

CLK OUT

50

2 Vp-p
NOM
50

LO1

OUT

LO1

LO1

ESD
SENSITIVE

+15 dBm MAX


0 V DC

+15 dBm MAX


25 V DC MAX

OUT

ESD
SENSITIVE

5.

6.

ESD
SENSITIVE

ALL PORTS
50

ESD
SENSITIVE

NI 5644R

3.2 GHz - 8.3 GHz

50

4 GHz

DIGITAL I/O

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

NI 5691

ALL PORTS
50

NI 5665

Generate an arbitrary waveform using an array of all zeros using the following settings:

Center frequency: 109 MHz

I/Q rate: 120 MS/s

Power level: 10 dBm

Reference clock source: REF IN

Measure the output noise floor 2 MHz above the generated frequency using the spectrum
analyzer and the following settings:
Minimize the spectrum analyzer noise contribution by using a preamplifier,
minimal attenuation, and a low reference level.
Tip

7.

Center frequency: Frequency in step 5 + 2 MHz

Reference level: -50 dBm

Frequency span: 100 kHz

Resolution bandwidth: 100 Hz

Reference clock source: External

Attenuation: 0 dB

Convert the sorted spectrum magnitude values from dBm to watts, calculate the mean, and
convert the result to dBm. This value is the Average Noise Density for the configuration in
step 5. Record the result.

42 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

8.

Repeat steps 5 and 7 for the remaining RF frequencies between 109 MHz and 6 GHz in
20 MHz steps.

9.

Repeat steps 5 through 8 for the 0 dBm output power level.

10. Compare the results of this procedure to the specified limits in Tables 18 and 19.
Table 18. RF OUT Noise Density Test Limits (10 dBm Power Level)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBm/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBm/Hz)

65 MHz to 500 MHz

-136

-136

>500 MHz to 2.5 GHz

-141

-141

>2.5 GHz to 3.5 GHz

-139

-139

>3.5 GHz to 6 GHz

-136

-136

Table 19. RF OUT Noise Density Test Limits (0 dBm Power Level)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBm/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBm/Hz)

65 MHz to 500 MHz

-150

-150

>500 MHz to 2.5 GHz

-151

-151

>2.5 GHz to 3.5 GHz

-149

-149

>3.5 GHz to 6 GHz

-147

-147

RF Output Third Order Intermodulation Output Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the nonlinear performance of the output channel. Use a
high dynamic range spectrum analyzer to verify the third order intermodulation distortion of a
generated two tone signal at a specified center frequency. This procedure verifies the third order
intermodulation at several output levels.
1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the spectrum analyzer RF IN front
panel connector.

2.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the REF IN front panel connector of the NI 5644R.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the spectrum analyzer REF IN connector. Figure 4 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 43

Figure 13. RF Output Third Order Intermodulation Output Verification Cabling Diagram
2

NI PXIe-5644R

NI PXIe-5622

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX

50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT

ACTIVE

NI PXIe-5653

NI PXIe-5605

Synthesizer

Downconverter 20 Hz - 14 GHz

16-Bit IF Digitizer

ACCESS

ACCESS

ACTIVE

ACCESS

ACTIVE

IF IN
REF IN

RF IN

10 MHz
2 V p-p MAX

0 V DC
+20 dBm MAX > 10 MHz
+10 dBm MAX < 10 MHz

REF OUT
10 MHz
0.5 V rms

+20 dBm MAX


50

1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

REF OUT

100 MHz
0.5 V rms

IN

OUT

DO NOT REMOVE

PFI 1
LO3

LO3

LO3

TTL

800 MHz

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

CLK IN
6.3 Vp-p
MAX
50

LO2

LO2

LO2

CLK OUT
LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX

2 Vp-p
NOM
50

LO1

50

LO1

LO1

+15 dBm MAX


0 V DC

+15 dBm MAX


25 V DC MAX
ESD
SENSITIVE
ALL PORTS
50

ESD
SENSITIVE

4.

5.

6.

NI 5644R

3.2 GHz - 8.3 GHz

ESD
SENSITIVE

4 GHz

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

NI 5665

OUT
ESD
SENSITIVE

ALL PORTS
50

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

Configure the NI 5644R to generate two single sideband tones simultaneously at 2 MHz
(f1) and 2.5 MHz (f2) offset from the carrier, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 65 MHz

Power level (dBm): 6 dBm

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Reference clock source: REF IN

Relative tone power (dB): -6 dB

Use the spectrum analyzer to measure the generated signal using the following settings:

Center frequency: Center frequency + (f1+ f2)/2 from step 4

Reference level: Power level from step 4 + 10 dB

Span: 5 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 100 Hz

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 10

Measure and record the peak power of the following tones and distortion locations:

Center Frequency + f1, record as Fundamental Tone1

Center Frequency + f2, record as Fundamental Tone2

44 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Center Frequency + 2 f2 - f1, record as IMD Tone1

Center Frequency + 2 f1 - f2, record as IMD Tone2

7.

Calculate the Output IMD using the following equation:

8.

Repeat steps 4 through 7 for the remaining frequencies listed in Table 20.

9.

Repeat steps 4 through 8 for the tone output power levels -6 dBm and -36 dBm.

Output IMD = Maximum (IMD Tone) Minimum (Fundamental Tone)

10. Compare the Output IMD values from step 7 to the corresponding limits in Tables 21
and 22.
Table 20. RF OUT Third Order Output Intermodulation (IMD3) (dBc)
0 dBm Tones

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc)

As-Left Limit
(dBc)

65 MHz to 1 GHz

-51

-51

>1 GHz to 3 GHz

-53

-53

>3 GHz to 5 GHz

-46

-46

>5 GHz to 6 GHz

-42

-42

Table 21. RF OUT Third Order Output Intermodulation (IMD3)(dBc)


6 dBm Tones

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc)

As-Left Limit
(dBc)

65 MHz to 1 GHz

-50

-50

>1 GHz to 3 GHz

-54

-54

>3 GHz to 5 GHz

-50

-50

>5 GHz to 6 GHz

-47

-47

Table 22. RF OUT Third Order Output Intermodulation (IMD3)(dBc)


36 dBm Tones

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc)

As-Left Limit
(dBc)

65 MHz to 200 MHz

-52

-52

>200 MHz to 6 GHz

-52

-52

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 45

RF Output Harmonics Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the generated harmonics of the NI 5644R outputs. Use a
high dynamic range spectrum analyzer to measure the second harmonic energy relative to the
fundamental energy of a generated CW signal. This procedure verifies the harmonic
performance at a specified generated center frequency over several power levels.
1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the spectrum analyzer RF IN front
panel connector.

2.

Connect the NI 5644R REF IN front panel connector to an available 10 MHz rubidium
frequency reference rear panel BNC connector.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the spectrum analyzer REF IN connector. Figure 14 illustrates the complete hardware
setup.
Figure 14. RF Output Harmonics Verification Cabling Diagram
2

NI PXIe-5644R

NI PXIe-5622

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT

ACTIVE

NI PXIe-5653

NI PXIe-5605
Downconverter 20 Hz - 14 GHz

16-Bit IF Digitizer

ACCESS

Synthesizer

ACTIVE

ACCESS

ACCESS

IF IN
REF IN

RF IN

10 MHz
2 V p-p MAX

0 V DC
+20 dBm MAX > 10 MHz
+10 dBm MAX < 10 MHz

LV T T L

REF OUT
10 MHz
0.5 V rms

+20 dBm MAX


50

1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0

ACTIVE

REF OUT
100 MHz
0.5 V rms

OUT

IN

DO NOT REMOVE

PFI 1
LO3

LO3

LO3

TTL

800 MHz

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm

0-3 dBm

50

50

CLK IN
6.3 Vp-p
MAX
50

LO2

LO2

LO2

4 GHz

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

CLK OUT
LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

2 Vp-p
NOM
50

LO1

LO1

LO1

3.2 GHz - 8.3 GHz

ESD
SENSITIVE

+15 dBm MAX


0 V DC

+15 dBm MAX


25 V DC MAX

OUT
ESD
SENSITIVE
ALL PORTS
50

ESD
SENSITIVE

4.

NI 5644R

NI 5665

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a signal using the following settings:

Frequency: 65 MHz

Power level: 7 dBm

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Tone offset: 1 MHz

Tone digital gain: -1 dBfs

46 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

ESD
SENSITIVE

ALL PORTS
50

5.

6.

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz


Use the spectrum analyzer to measure the fundamental tone power using the following
settings:

Center frequency: Center frequency + tone frequency from step 4

Reference level: +20 dBm

Frequency span: 100 kHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz


Use the spectrum analyzer to measure the second harmonic power level using the following
settings:

Center frequency: 2 center frequency from step 5.

Reference level: 0 dBm

Frequency span: 100 kHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz

7.

Calculate the distortion level in dBc by subtracting the fundamental power from the second
harmonic power.

8.

Compare the values calculated in step 7 to the corresponding limits in Table 23.

9.

Repeat steps 4 through 8 for the remaining frequencies from 65 MHz to 5.965 GHz in
50 MHz steps.
Table 23. RF OUT Second Harmonic Level

Frequency

As-Found Limit (dBc)

As-Left Limit (dBc)

65 MHz to 2 GHz

-30

-30

>2 GHz to 3.75 GHz

-28

-28

>3.75 GHz to 4 GHz

-25

-25

>4 GHz to 4.5 GHz

-28

-28

>4.5 GHz to 5.5 GHz

-30

-30

>5.5 GHz to 6 GHz

-34

-34

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 47

RF Output Non-Harmonic Spurs Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the non-harmonic spurs generated by the NI 5644R RF
output. Use a high dynamic range spectrum analyzer to measure the spurious energy surrounding
a generated signal.
1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the RF IN connector of the
spectrum analyzer.

2.

Connect the NI 5644R REF IN front panel connector to an available 10 MHz rubidium
frequency reference rear panel BNC connector.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference rear panel BNC connector to
the REF IN front panel connector of the spectrum analyzer. Figure 15 illustrates the
complete hardware setup.
Figure 15. RF Output Non-harmonic Spurs Verification Cabling Diagram
2

NI PXIe-5644R

NI PXIe-5622

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

ACCESS

Synthesizer

ACTIVE

ACCESS

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF IN

RF IN

10 MHz
2 V p-p MAX

0 V DC
+20 dBm MAX > 10 MHz
+10 dBm MAX < 10 MHz

LV T T L

REF OUT
10 MHz
0.5 V rms

+20 dBm MAX


50

1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0

ACTIVE

IF IN

RF
IN

REF OUT

ACTIVE

NI PXIe-5653

NI PXIe-5605
Downconverter 20 Hz - 14 GHz

16-Bit IF Digitizer

ACCESS

REF OUT
100 MHz
0.5 V rms

IN

OUT

DO NOT REMOVE

PFI 1
LO3

LO3

LO3

TTL

800 MHz

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm

0-3 dBm

50

50

CLK IN
6.3 Vp-p
MAX
50

LO2

LO2

LO2

CLK OUT
2 Vp-p
NOM

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

50

LO1

LO1

LO1

+15 dBm MAX


0 V DC

+15 dBm MAX


25 V DC MAX
ESD
SENSITIVE
ALL PORTS
50

ESD
SENSITIVE

4.

NI 5644R

3.2 GHz - 8.3 GHz

ESD
SENSITIVE

4 GHz

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

NI 5665

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a CW tone using the following settings:

Center frequency: 143 MHz

Power level: 0 dBm

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Digital gain: -1 dB

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz

48 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

OUT
ESD
SENSITIVE

ALL PORTS
50

5.

Configure the spectrum analyzer to acquire a spectrum using the following settings:

Center frequency: Frequency from step 4

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 80 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 20

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz

6.

Measure the peak power within 100 kHz to 1 MHz offset of the tone on either side of the
carrier frequency from the data acquired in step 5. Record the maximum value for
comparison to the >100 kHz offset limits in Table 25.

7.

Measure the peak power at >1 MHz offset of the tone on either side of the carrier frequency
from the data acquired in step 6. Compare the maximum value to the >1 MHz offset limits
in Table 25.

8.

Repeat steps 4 through 7 by sweeping the NI 5644R and spectrum analyzer to the carrier
frequency of 145 MHz in 200 kHz steps.

9.

Repeat steps 4 through 8 for the remaining test points listed in Table 24.
Table 24. RF OUT Non-harmonics Test Points

Start Frequency
(MHz)

Stop Frequency
(MHz)

Step Size
(kHz)

143

145

200

263

265

200

503

505

200

1,007

1,009

200

2,015

2,017

200

2,519

2,521

200

3,023

3,025

200

4,007

4,009

200

5,015

5,017

200

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 49

Table 25. RF Output Non-harmonics Spurs

Frequency

Offset (kHz)

As-Found Limit
(dBc)

As-Left Limit
(dBc)

65 MHz to 3 GHz

>100

-62

-62

>1,000

-75

-75

>100

-57

-57

>1,000

-70

-70

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

RF Output Spectral Purity Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the RF output spectral purity of the NI 5644R. This
procedure measures the single sideband (SSB) phase noise at 20 kHz offset from the tuned
frequency of the NI 5644R. Use a spectrum analyzer to verify the transmission channel. An
additional step validates the receiver SSB phase noise by measuring the local oscillator output.
1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the RF IN front panel connector
of the spectrum analyzer. The complete hardware setup can be seen in Figure 16.
Figure 16. RF Output Spectral Purity Verification Cabling Diagram
2

NI PXIe-5644R

NI PXIe-5622

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX

50

REF OUT

50

ACTIVE

NI PXIe-5653

NI PXIe-5605

Synthesizer

Downconverter 20 Hz - 14 GHz

16-Bit IF Digitizer

ACCESS

ACCESS

ACTIVE

ACCESS

REF IN

RF IN

10 MHz
2 V p-p MAX

0 V DC
+20 dBm MAX > 10 MHz
+10 dBm MAX < 10 MHz

10 MHz
0.5 V rms

+20 dBm MAX


50

REF OUT

CAL
IN
LV T T L

REF OUT

1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0

ACTIVE

IF IN

100 MHz
0.5 V rms

CAL
OUT

IN

OUT

DO NOT REMOVE

PFI 1
LO3

LO3

LO3

TTL

800 MHz

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

CLK IN
6.3 Vp-p
MAX
50

LO2

LO2

LO2

LV T T L

CLK OUT
LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

2 Vp-p
NOM
50

LO1

LO1

LO1

+15 dBm MAX


0 V DC

+15 dBm MAX


25 V DC MAX
ESD
SENSITIVE
ALL PORTS
50

ESD
SENSITIVE

NI 5644R

3.2 GHz - 8.3 GHz

ESD
SENSITIVE

4 GHz

DIGITAL I/O

NI 5665

50 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

OUT
ESD
SENSITIVE

ALL PORTS
50

2.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference BNC to the REF IN front panel
connector of the NI 5644R.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference BNC to the REF IN of the
spectrum analyzer.

4.

Configure the NI 5644R to generate an offset CW tone using the following settings:

5.

Center frequency: 1 GHz

Output power: 0 dBm

Tone offset: 3.75 MHz

I/Q rate: 10 MS/s

Loop bandwidth: Low

Fractional mode: Enabled

Step size: 200 kHz

Reference clock source: REF IN

Configure the spectrum analyzer to acquire a spectrum, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 1 GHz + 3.75 MHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 100 Hz

Resolution bandwidth: 10 Hz

Reference clock source: External

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 20

6.

Measure the peak power at the center frequency. The measured power should match the
power, in dBm, of the generated tone.

7.

Configure the spectrum analyzer to acquire a spectrum using the following settings:

Center Frequency: Center Frequency from step 5 + 20 kHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 100 Hz

Resolution bandwidth: 10 Hz

Reference clock source: External

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 20

8.

Measure the power at a 20 kHz offset. Normalize the result to 1 Hz bin width by subtracting
10 log (RBW), where RBW is the setting specified in step 7. The result of this step is in
dBm/Hz.

9.

Calculate the relative difference between the signal and the noise by subtracting the
measurement in step 6 from the measurement in step 8. The result of this step is in dBc/Hz.

10. Compare the results of step 9 to the specified limits in Table 26.
11. Repeat steps 4 through 10 for the frequencies 1 GHz, 1.9 GHz, 2.4 GHz, 3 GHz, 4.4 GHz,
and 5.8 GHz.
NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 51

12. Repeat steps 3 through 11 for the remaining loop bandwidths specified in Tables 27 and 28.
Table 26. Single Sideband Phase Noise at 20 kHz Offset (Low Loop Bandwidth)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBc/Hz)

< 3 GHz

-99

-99

3 GHz to < 4 GHz

-91

-91

4 GHz to 6 GHz

-93

-93

Table 27. Single Sideband Phase Noise at 20 kHz Offset (Medium Loop Bandwidth)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBc/Hz)

< 3 GHz

-99

-99

3 GHz to < 4 GHz

-93

-93

4 GHz to 6 GHz

-93

-93

Table 28. Single Sideband Phase Noise at 20 kHz Offset (High Loop Bandwidth)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBc/Hz)

< 3 GHz

-94

-94

3 GHz to < 4 GHz

-91

-91

4 GHz to 6 GHz

-87

-87

RF Input Spectral Purity Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the RF input spectral purity of the NI 5644R. This
procedure measures the single sideband (SSB) phase noise at 20 kHz offset from the tuned
frequency of the NI 5644R. Use a spectrum analyzer to verify the receiver SSB noise by
measuring the local oscillator output.
1.

Connect the NI 5644R LO OUT (RF IN 0) front panel connector to the RF IN connector of
the spectrum analyzer. Figure 17 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

52 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Figure 17. RF Input Spectral Purity Verification Cabling Diagram


2

NI PXIe-5644R

NI PXIe-5622

Vector Signal Transceiver


65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

ACCESS

Synthesizer

ACTIVE

ACCESS

REF IN

RF IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

10 MHz
2 V p-p MAX

0 V DC
+20 dBm MAX > 10 MHz
+10 dBm MAX < 10 MHz

LV T T L

REF OUT
10 MHz
0.5 V rms

+20 dBm MAX


50

1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0

ACTIVE

IF IN

RF
IN

REF OUT

ACTIVE

NI PXIe-5653

NI PXIe-5605
Downconverter 20 Hz - 14 GHz

16-Bit IF Digitizer

ACCESS

REF OUT
100 MHz
0.5 V rms

IN

OUT

DO NOT REMOVE

PFI 1
LO3

LO3

LO3

TTL

800 MHz

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm

0-3 dBm

50

50

CLK IN
6.3 Vp-p
MAX
50

LO2

LO2

LO2

CLK OUT
2 Vp-p
NOM

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

50

LO1

LO1

LO1

+15 dBm MAX


0 V DC

+15 dBm MAX


25 V DC MAX
ESD
SENSITIVE
ALL PORTS
50

ESD
SENSITIVE

NI 5644R

3.2 GHz - 8.3 GHz

ESD
SENSITIVE

4 GHz

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

NI 5665

OUT
ESD
SENSITIVE

ALL PORTS
50

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

2.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference BNC to the REF IN front panel
connector of the NI 5644R.

3.

Connect an available 10 MHz rubidium frequency reference BNC to the REF IN of the
spectrum analyzer.

4.

Configure the NI 5644R RF IN channel to export the local oscillator using the following
settings:

5.

Center frequency: 1 GHz

LO OUT: Enabled

Reference clock source: Onboard

Configure the spectrum analyzer to acquire a spectrum using the following settings:

Center frequency: 1 GHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 100 Hz

Resolution bandwidth: 10 Hz

Reference clock source: External

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 20

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 53

6.

Measure the peak power at the center frequency. The measured value is the power, in dBm,
of the generated tone.

7.

Configure the spectrum analyzer to acquire a spectrum using the following settings:

Center frequency: Center frequency from step 4 + 20 kHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 100 Hz

Resolution bandwidth: 10 Hz

Reference clock source: External

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 20

8.

Measure the power at a 20 kHz offset. Normalize the result to 1 Hz bin width by subtracting
10 log (RBW), where RBW is the resolution bandwidth setting specified in step 7. The
result of this step is in dBm/Hz.

9.

Calculate the relative difference between the signal and noise by subtracting the
measurement in step 6 from the measurement in step 8. The result of this step is in dBc/Hz.

10. Compare the results of step 9 to the specified limits in Table 29.
11. Repeat steps 4 through 10 for the frequencies 1 GHz, 1.9 GHz, 2.4 GHz, 3 GHz, 4.4 GHz,
and 5.8 GHz.
12. Repeat steps 4 through 11 for the remaining loop bandwidths specified in Tables 30 and 31.
Table 29. Single Sideband Phase Noise at 20 kHz Offset (Low Loop Bandwidth)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBc/Hz)

< 3 GHz

-99

-99

3 GHz to < 4 GHz

-91

-91

4 GHz to 6 GHz

-93

-93

Table 30. Single Sideband Phase Noise at 20 kHz Offset (Medium Loop Bandwidth)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBc/Hz)

< 3 GHz

-99

-99

3 GHz to < 4 GHz

-93

-93

4 GHz to 6 GHz

-93

-93

54 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Table 31. Single Sideband Phase Noise at 20 kHz Offset (High Loop Bandwidth)

Frequency

As-Found Limit
(dBc/Hz)

As-Left Limit
(dBc/Hz)

< 3 GHz

-94

-94

3 GHz to < 4 GHz

-91

-91

4 GHz to 6 GHz

-87

-87

RF Residual LO Power and Residual Sideband Image


Suppression Verification
Complete the following steps to verify the residual LO power and residual sideband image
suppression of the NI 5644R.
1.

Connect the NI 5644R RF IN front panel connector to the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel
connector. Figure 18 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 55

Figure 18. RF Residual LO Power and Residual Sideband Image Suppression Verification
Cabling Diagram
2

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

2.

NI 5644R

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a spectrum at 65 MHz using the following settings:

Center frequency: 85 MHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

Span: 40 MHz

Residual bandwidth: 1 kHz

Averaging type: RMS

Number of averages: 10

Window type: Flat Top

56 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

3.

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a single sideband tone at an offset from the center
frequency listed in step 2 using the following settings:

Center frequency: 85 MHz and LO offset

Power level: reference level from step 2 or 0 dBm, whichever is greater

I/Q rate: 120 MS/s

Tone offset: -Span/2 from step 2

4.

Acquire the signal using the NI 5644R.

5.

Measure the following tones:

Generated tone power. Record as Fundamental Tone.

Center frequency from step 2. Record as RF Input Residual LO Power.

Center frequency from step 2 + LO offset. Record as RF Output Residual LO Power.

Image of tone relative to center frequency from step 2. Record as RF Input Image.

Image of tone relative to center frequency from step 3. Record as RF Output Image.

6.

Repeat steps 2 through 5 for the remaining tone offsets from -Span/2 to +Span/2 in 2 MHz
steps, where Span is the value is from step 2.

7.

Calculate the RF IN residual sideband image suppression using the following equation:
RF Input Residual Sideband Image = Maximum (RF Input Image) Fundamental Tone

8.

Calculate the RF OUT residual image suppression using the following equation:
RF Output Residual Sideband Image = Maximum (RF Output Image) Fundamental Tone

9.

Calculate the RF IN residual LO power using the following equation:


RF Input Residual LO = Maximum (RF Input Residual LO Power) Reference Level from step 2

10. Calculate the RF OUT residual LO power using the following equation:
RF Output Residual LO = Maximum (RF Output Residual LO Power) Reference Level from step 2
11. Repeat steps 2 through 10 for the remaining center frequencies from 85 MHz to 6 GHz in
100 MHz steps.
12. Repeat steps 2 through 11 for the remaining reference levels from 0 dBm to -30 dBm in
10 dB steps.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 57

13. Compare the results from this procedure to the limits listed in Tables 32 and 33.
Table 32. RF Residual LO Power

RF Input

RF Output

Frequency

As-Found
Limit (dBc)

As-Left
Limit (dBc)

As-Found
Limit (dBc)

As-Left
Limit (dBc)

109 MHz

-62

-67

>109 MHz to 375 MHz

-58

-61

-45

-50

>375 MHz to 2 GHz

-58

-61

-55

-60

>2 GHz to 3 GHz

-55

-58

-50

-53

>3 GHz to 5 GHz

-45

-48

-55

-58

>5 GHz to 6 GHz

-45

-48

-50

-55

Note The As-Found Limits and As-Left Limits are not found in the published
specifications for the NI 5644R. These limits are based on published specifications
found in the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications, less guard bands for measurement
uncertainty, temperature drift, and drift over time.

58 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Table 33. RF Residual Sideband Image

RF Input

RF Output

Frequency

As-Found
Limit (dBc)

As-Left
Limit (dBc)

As-Found
Limit (dBc)

As-Left
Limit (dBc)

109 MHz

-40

-50

-40

-45

>109 MHz to 375 MHz

-40

-45

>375 MHz to 500 MHz

-40

-45

-60

-65

>500 MHz to 2 GHz

-65

-70

-60

-65

>2 GHz to 3 GHz

-65

-70

-50

-55

>3 GHz to 4 GHz

-55

-60

-50

-55

>4 GHz to 5 GHz

-55

-60

-40

-50

>5 GHz to 6 GHz

-60

-65

-40

-50

RF Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the modulation and demodulation performance of the
NI 5644R. Use a vector signal analyzer to verify the EVM of a modulated signal generated by
the RF output channel at a given center frequency. A second verification involves measuring the
EVM of the same modulated signal as it is demodulated by the RF input path.
1.

Connect the RF IN front panel connector to the RF OUT front panel connector on the
NI 5644R. Figure 19 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 59

Figure 19. RF Error Vector magnitude (EVM) Verification Cabling Diagram


2

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX

50

REF OUT

50

1.65Vp-p
50

CAL
IN
PFI 0
LV T T L

CAL
OUT

DO NOT REMOVE

LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm
50

0-3 dBm
50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

2.

NI 5644R

SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) cable

Configure the NI 5644R to acquire a complex modulated signal at 400 MHz using the
following settings:

Center frequency: 400 MHz

Reference level: -10 dBm

I/Q rate: 120 MS/s

Record length: 300 s

60 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

3.

4.

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a complex modulated signal at the center frequency
specified in step 2 using the following settings:

Power level: -10 dBm

I/Q rate: 120 MS/s

Configure the modulated waveform signal with the NI Modulation Toolkit using the
following settings:

QAM: 64

Symbol rate: 16 MSymbols/s

Samples per symbol: 4

Pulse shape filtering: Root Raise Cosine, 0.25 alpha

PN sequence order: 14

5.

Download the signal to the device and generate the modulated signal.

6.

Acquire the signal and demodulate it with the NI Modulation Toolkit using the same
settings as step 4.

7.

Record the RMS EVM in dB.

8.

Repeat steps 2 through 8 for frequencies from 400 MHz to 6 GHz in 100 MHz steps.

9.

Compare the results from this procedure to the specified limits:

As-Found: -40 dB

As-Left: -40 dB

Optional Verification Procedures


Use the following procedures to verify non-warranted specifications for the NI 5644R.

RF Input and Output Return Loss Verification


Complete the following steps to verify the return loss of the NI 5644R RF input and output. Use
a vector network analyzer (VNA) to measure the return loss at a given frequency over several
NI 5644R-supported reference levels. Then use a VNA to measure the return loss at a given
frequency over supported output powers.
1.

Calibrate the VNA for an S11 (return loss) measurement using the following settings:

Calibration: Short, open, load (SOL)

Sweep: 65 MHz to 6 GHz

Points: 801

IF bandwidth: 3 kHz

Power: 5 dBm

Connection: Male SMA

2.

Connect the NI 5644R RF IN front panel connector to the calibrated PORT 1 of the VNA.

3.

Configure the NI 5644R receiver for 350 MHz with a -10 dBm reference level.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 61

4.

Perform an S11 measurement sweep using the following settings:

Center frequency: 350 MHz

Reference level: 0 dBm

5.

Record the minimum absolute return loss value between the start and stop frequency listed
for the specified carrier frequency in step 3. Compare the results with the appropriate limits
listed in Table 35.

6.

Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the remaining configurations listed in Table 34.

7.

Connect the NI 5644R RF OUT front panel connector to the calibrated PORT 1 of the
VNA.

8.

Configure the NI 5644R to generate a -30 dBm CW tone at 350 MHz.

9.

Perform an S11 measurement sweep. Record the minimum absolute return loss value
between the start and stop frequency listed for the specified carrier frequency in step 3.
Compare the results with the appropriate limits listed in Table 36.

10. Repeat steps 7 and 8 for the remaining configured frequencies listed in Table 34.
Table 34. Return Loss Test Points

Configured Frequency

Measurement Start
Frequency

Measurement Stop
Frequency

350 MHz

109 MHz

<600 MHz

800 MHz

600 MHz

<1,000 MHz

1,200 MHz

1,000 MHz

<1,600 MHz

2,000 MHz

1,600 MHz

<2,700 MHz

3,000 MHz

2,700 MHz

<4,000 MHz

4,500 MHz

4,000 MHz

<5,000 MHz

5,500 MHz

5,000 MHz

6,000 MHz

Table 35. RF Input Return Loss

Frequency

As-Found Limit (dB)

As-Left Limit (dB)

109 MHz f < 2.4 GHz

13

13

2.4 GHz f < 4 GHz

11

11

4 GHz f < 6 GHz

10

10

62 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

Table 36. RF Output Return Loss

Frequency

As-Found Limit (dB)

As-Left Limit (dB)

109 MHz f < 2 GHz

16

16

2 GHz f < 5 GHz

13

13

5 GHz f < 6 GHz

Note The As-Found Limits and As-Left Limits are not found in the published
specifications for the NI 5644R. These limits are derived from the typical
specifications found in the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications with the addition of guard
bands for measurement uncertainty, temperature drift, and drift over time.

RF Input Third-Order and Second-Order Input Intermodulation


Verification
Complete the following procedure to verify the third-order and second-order intermodulation
distortion products of the NI 5644R. Use two independent CW signal sources to generate a
combined two-tone stimulus. The NI 5644R receives the two-tone signal and verifies the
second-order and third-order intermodulation distortions. Calculate the input second-order and
third-order intercepts from the measured distortions.
1.

Connect the CW signal generator (Source 1) and CW signal generator (Source 2) to the
input ports of the power combiner.

2.

Connect the output of the power combiner to the NI 5644R RF IN front panel connector.
Figure 20 illustrates the complete hardware setup.

NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 63

Figure 20. RF Input Third Order and Second Order Intermodulation Input Verification
Cabling Diagram

NI PXIe-5644R
Vector Signal Transceiver
65 MHz - 6.0 GHz

RF IN 0
REF IN
5Vp-p MAX
50

RF OUT 0

RF
IN

RF
OUT

+33 dBm
MAX
50

Reverse
Power
+33 dBm
MAX
50

CAL
IN

CAL
OUT

REF OUT
1.65Vp-p
50

PFI 0
LV T T L

DO NOT REMOVE

4
LO
OUT

LO
OUT

0 dBm

0-3 dBm

50

50

LO
IN

LO
IN

+15 dBm
MAX
50

+15 dBm
MAX
50

DIGITAL I/O
LV T T L

ESD
SENSITIVE

1
2
3

NI 5644R
SMA (m)-to-SMA (m) Cable
Power Combiner

4
5

CW Signal Generator (Source 1)


CW Signal Generator (Source 2)

3.

Connect the NI 5644R REF IN front panel connector to any rubidium frequency reference
rear panel BNC connector.

4.

Connect any available rubidium reference real panel BNC connector to the Source 1 REF
IN connector.

5.

Connect any available rubidium reference real panel BNC connector to the Source 2 REF
IN connector.

64 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

6.

Configure the NI 5644R for a center frequency of 65 MHz, using the following settings:

Center frequency: 65 MHz

Reference level: 10 dBm

Span: 20 MHz

Resolution bandwidth: 1 kHz

Averaging mode: RMS

Number of averages: 10

Window type: Flat Top

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz


Note Steps 7 and 8 configure Source 1 at a 2 MHz ( f1) and Source 2 at a 2.7 MHz
( f2) offset from the center frequency. The spacing of the two tones is the same for all
iterations of this procedure.

7.

8.

Configure Source 1 for a frequency offset of f1 from the center frequency in step 6, using
the following settings:

Center frequency: Frequency from step 6 + f1

Power level: Reference level from step 6

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz

Configure CW signal generator 2 for a frequency offset of f2 from the center frequency in
step 6, using the following settings:

9.

Center Frequency: Frequency from step 6+ f2

Power Level: Reference level from step 6

Reference clock source: REF IN

Reference clock frequency: 10 MHz

Acquire a spectrum of the combined signal from steps 7 and 8 using the NI 5644R.

10. Measure the power at expected distortion frequencies using the following settings:

Center frequency from step 6 + f1, record as Fundamental Tone1

Center frequency from step 6 + f2, record as Fundamental Tone2

Center frequency + (2f1 - f2), record as IMD3 Tone

Center frequency + (2f2 - f1), record as IMD3 Tone

Center frequency + (f2 - f1), record as IMD2 Tone

Center Frequency + ( f2 + f1), record as IMD2 Tone

11. Calculate Input IMD3 and Input IP3 using the following equations. Record this value.
Input IMD3 = maximum (IMD3 Tone Power) minimum (Fundamental Tone)
Input IP3 = maximum (IMD3 Tone Power) + (IMD3) / 2
NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure | National Instruments | 65

12. Calculate Input IMD2 and Input IP2 using the following equations. Record this value.
Input IMD2 = maximum (IMD2 Tone) minimum (Fundamental Tone)
Input IP2 = 2 * maximum (IMD3 Tone Power) + IMD2
13. Repeat steps 6 through 12 for the remaining frequencies from 65 MHz to 6 GHz, in 90 MHz
steps.
14. Compare the results from this procedure with the specified limits in Tables 37 and 38.
Table 37. RF IN Third-Order Intercept Point (IIP3)

Configured
Reference
Level (dBm)

As-Found Limit
(dBm)

As-Left Limit
(dBm)

65 MHz to 1.5 GHz

-5

19

19

>1.5 GHz to 4 GHz

-5

20

20

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

-2

20

20

Frequency

Table 38. 11 RF IN Second-Order Intercept Point (IIP2)

Configured
Reference
Level (dBm)

As-Found Limit
(dBm)

As-Left Limit
(dBm)

65 MHz to 1.5 GHz

-5

69

69

>1.5 GHz to 4 GHz

-5

58

58

>4 GHz to 6 GHz

-2

52

52

Frequency

Note The As-Found Limits and As-Left Limits are based on the typical
specifications found in the NI PXIe-5644R Specifications.

Where to Go for Support


The National Instruments Web site is your complete resource for technical support. At ni.com/
support you have access to everything from troubleshooting and application development
self-help resources to email and phone assistance from NI Application Engineers.
A Declaration of Conformity (DoC) is our claim of compliance with the Council of European
Communities using the manufacturer's declaration of conformity. This system affords the user
protection for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and product safety. You can obtain the DoC
for your product by visiting ni.com/certification. If your product supports calibration,
you can obtain the calibration certificate for your product at ni.com/calibration.

66 | ni.com | NI PXIe-5644R Calibration Procedure

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Austin, Texas, 78759-3504. National instruments also has offices located around the world to
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373811A-01

Oct12