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International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology (IJAERT) 32

Volume 3 Issue 2, February 2015, ISSN No.: 2348 8190

Gi-Fi A Wireless Technology


M. Sushma Sri, (M.Tech)
Jaya Prakash Narayan College of Engineering
Abstract: Technology is making rapid progress which
makes the things easier. As the innovative thinking of
persons is increasing day-by-day, new methods on
wireless networking have been evolved of which our
present paper is on Gi-Fi is the most accepted
Technology. Gi-Fi is an acronym for Gigabit Fidelity
which is the wireless way to handle networking. The
main aim of this paper is wireless networking achieved
by Gi-Fi and this paper introduces evolution of wireless
network and brief about the Gi-Fi technology.

will use a variety of cable types. Thus the type of cable


chosen for a network is related to the network's
topology, protocol, and size. Therefore there are several
different types of network cables exists for each special
purposes such as Coaxial cables, Twisted Pair cables,
Optical Fibers, USB cables etc.

Keywords: Cables, Optical Fiber, Wireless Access,


Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, WiMAX, Gi-Fi
1. INTRODUCTION
In todays modern life Wireless technology plays a
dominant role. One of the greatest improvements made
on wireless technology is Gi-Fi or Gigabit-Fidelity. GiFi is the worlds first transceiver integrated on a single
chip that operates at 60 GHz on the CMOS process. GiFi is ten times faster than Wi-Fi and allows the wireless
transfer of audio and video data up to 5 gigabits per
second at low power consumption within range of 10
meters. This technology provides a high broadband
access, high speed transfer of data within seconds and a
low cost one. It is require that Gi-Fi to be preferred next
generation wireless technology used in home and
offices. In this paper before going to study about Gi-Fi
we look about the conventional wireless technology like
cables, optical fiber, Bluetooth etc.
2. NETWORK EVOLUTION
Since for many years cables ruled the world. Optical
fibers played a dominant role because of its higher bit
rates and faster transmission. But the installation of
cables caused a grater difficulty and thus led to wireless
access, the foremost of this is Bluetooth which covers 9 10meteres.Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) followed coverage
area of 91 meters. The evolution of wireless networks is
shown in figure1.
2.1 CABLES
In wireless technologies many computer networks
utilizes cables as a physical medium for communication
and data transfer between the devices. This cable which
is commonly used with LANs (Land Area Network) as
shown in figure2. In some cases, a network will utilize
only one type of cable and some other cases this network

Figure2: Cables
2.2 OPTICAL FIBER
Fiber optic cable has the ability to transmit signals over
much longer distances than coaxial and twisted pair. It
also has the capability to carry information at vastly
greater speeds. The cost of fiber optic cabling is
comparable to copper cabling; however, it is more
difficult to install and modify. The center core of fiber
cables is made from glass or plastic fibers as shown in
figure. The outer insulating jacket made of Teflon or
PVC. A fiber optic cable consists of a bundle of glass
threads, each of which is capable of transmitting
messages modulated onto light waves. Optical fiber
carries much more information than conventional copper
wire and in general it is a electromagnetic interference
and needed in retransmission of signals. Most telephone
company long-distance lines are now made of optical
fiber. Transmission over an optical fiber cable
requires repeaters at distance intervals.

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International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology (IJAERT) 33


Volume 3 Issue 2, February 2015, ISSN No.: 2348 8190

Figure3: Optical fiber


The glass fiber requires more protection within an outer
cable than copper. There are two common types of fiber
cables - single mode and multimode. Multimode cable
has a larger diameter; however, both cables provide high
bandwidth at high speeds. Single mode can provide
more distance, but it is more expensive. Fiber optics has
several
advantages
over
traditional
metal
communications lines:
Fiber
optic
cables
have
a
much
greater bandwidth than metal cables. This means
that they can carry more data.
Fiber optic cables are less susceptible than metal
cables to interference.
Fiber optic cables are much thinner and lighter
than metal wires.
The main disadvantage of fiber optics is that the cables
are expensive to install.
2.3 Wireless Access
Wireless access
points
are
special-purpose
communication devices on wireless local area networks
(WLANs). Access points act as a central transmitter and
receiver of wireless radio signals [1]. Access points are
small
hardware
devices
closely
resembles
home broadband routers [3]. It is enable so-called Wi-Fi
infrastructure
mode networking.
Although
WiFi connections do not technically require the use of
access points as shown in figure4.

power consumption, with a short range based on lowcost transceiver. It has a number of interesting features
that can simplify our daily lives. The indication of
Bluetooth is shown in figure. Bluetooth is
a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over
short
distances
from
mobile
devices,
and
building personal area networks (PANs). Bluetooth is a
wireless communications system intended to replace the
cables connecting many types of devices, from mobile
phones and headsets [6]. It operates in the range of
24002483.5 MHz and uses a radio technology
called frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS).
Bluetooth exists in many products such as telephones,
tablets, media players, and robotics systems, handheld,
laptops etc. This technology is useful when transferring
information between two or more devices that are near
each other in low-bandwidth situations. Bluetooth is
commonly used to transfer sound data with telephones.

Figure5: Bluetooth
2.5 Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi is an acronym for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of
product compatibility standards for Wireless Local Area
Networks (WLAN). It was intended to be used for
mobile devices and LANs for internet access [1]. Wi-Fi
enables a person with a wireless- enabled computer or
Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) to connect to the
internet when in proximity of an access point. Wireless
Fidelity is the wireless way to handle networking [7].
Using this technology we can connect computers
anywhere in a home or offices without the need of
cables or wires. It allows to connect to the internet from
virtually anywhere at speed of up to 54 Mbps and
provides wireless connectivity by emitting frequencies
between 2.4GHz to 5GHz based on the amount of data
on the network.

Figure4: Wireless Access

Figure6: Wi-Fi

2.4 BLUETOOTH
Bluetooth
is
a
standard
wire-replacement
communications protocol primarily designed for low-

2.6 WiMAX
WiMAX has become a key Broadband Wireless Access
(BWA) technology for Wireless Metropolitan Area

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International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology (IJAERT) 34


Volume 3 Issue 2, February 2015, ISSN No.: 2348 8190

Networks (Wireless MAN). The current WiMAX


revision provides up to 40 Mbit per second with the
IEEE 802.16m update and expected to offer up to 1
Gbit/s fixed communication speeds. WiMAX stands for
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access [1].
WiMAX
technology
enables
ever-present
communication of wireless broadband service for fixed
and/or mobile users. The network specifications of
mobile WiMAX devices are include the end-to-end
networking specifications and network interoperability
specifications.

Figure7: WiMAX
3. ABOUT GI-FI
Gi-Fi or gigabit wireless is the worlds first transceiver
integrated on a single chip that operates at 60GHz on the
CMOS
. Process [2]. Gi-Fi is ten times faster than Wi-Fi
and allows the wireless transfer of audio and video data
up to 5 gigabits per second at low power consumption
within range of 10 meters [8]. This technology provides
a high broadband access, high speed transfer of data
within seconds and a low cost one.

spectrum.
Quick Deployment
Compared with the deployment of wired
solutions, WiMAX requires little or no external
plant construction. For example Compared with the
deployment of wired solutions, Gi-Fi requires little
or no external plant construction. For example,
excavation to support the trenching of cables is not
required. Operators that have obtained licenses to
use one of the licensed bands, or that plan to use
one of the unlicensed bands, do not need to submit
further applications to the Government. Once the
antenna and equipment are installed and powered,
Gi-Fi is ready for service. In most cases,
deployment of Gi-Fi can be completed in a
matter of minutes, compared with hours for other
solutions.
Simplicity
One of the problems with wire connections and cables
is complexity for connecting, but in the Gigabit
wireless technology simplicity is one of the features.
3.2 Application Gi-Fi

3.1 Features of Gi-Fi


The Gi-Fi standard has been developed
with many objectives and the features are summarized as
below:
High speed of data transfer
The main intention of Gi-Fi is to
provide high bit rate. As the name itself indicates
data transfer rate is in Giga bits per second
i.e., 5 Gbps [4]. Because of this high speed data
transfer we can swap large video,audio,data files
within seconds compared to other technologies which
takes place normally in hours.
Low Power Consumption
As the large amount of information
transfer utilises in milli watts of power only. It
consumes only 2 mill watt power for data transfer of
gigabits of information whereas in present
technologies it takes 10 mwatt powers which is very
high.
Small Size
The chip, just 5 mm per side, has a tiny 1
mm antenna and uses the 60 GHz millimetre-wave
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House hold appliances

Office appliances

Video transfer

International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology (IJAERT) 35


Volume 3 Issue 2, February 2015, ISSN No.: 2348 8190

In wireless PAN Networks

Gi-Fi and existing wireless technologies in this paper


shows that these features along with some other benefits
such as Data transfer rate, Low-cost chip, Frequency,
Power Consumption and Application that are explained
in detail in this paper. Gi-Fi technology has much
number of applications and can be used in many places
and devices such as smart phones, wireless pan
networks, media access control and transmission
systems.

Ad-Hoc Network with point to point


connection

COMPARISON BETWEEN WIRELESS


TECHNOLOGIES
4.

The comparison is made between wireless


technologies and Gi-Fi below table1.
Table1: Comparative between wireless technologies
Characteristics

Bluetooth

Wi-Fi

Gi-Fi

Frequency

24GHz

24GHz

60GHz

Range

10 meter

100 meters

10metres

Power
Consumption

5mw

10mw

2mw

Data
rate

800 Kbps

11 Mbps

5Gbps

WPAN cable
replacement

WLAN
Ethernet

Embedded
in devices

Transfer

Application

5. CONCLUSION
In this paper Gi-Fi technology is defined as one of the
greatest improvements made on wireless technology. GiFi is the worlds first transceiver integrated on a single
chip that operates at 60 GHz on the CMOS process. It is
ten times faster than Wi-Fi and allows the wireless
transfer of audio and video data up to 5 gigabits per
second at low power consumption within range of 10
meters. This technology removes cables that for many
years ruled the world and provides high speed data
transfer rate. The comparison that is performed between

REFERENCES
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OReilly &Associates, Inc., 2005.
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[5] M. Duval, Requirements for High Rate WPAN for
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at
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2047r0P802- 15_SG3a-CFA-ResponseAlt-Rate-forVideo.ppt.
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[7] Ross, John, The Book of Wireless: A Painless
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[8] S.Dheeraj, S.Gopichand, Gi-Fi: New Era of
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Available
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http://www.yuvaengineers. com/?p=570, 2010.
[9] Sachin Abhyankar, Rishi Toshiwal, Carlos Cordeiro
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Author
M. Sushma Sri completed M.Tech (WMC) from
Jaya Prakash Narayana College of Engineering. B.Tech
(ECE) from Jaya Prakash Narayana College of
Engineering. Currently she is working as Lecturer in
Govt. Polytechnic College and has 4 years of Experience
in teaching. Her areas of interest include, Image
processing, Wireless Networks, Signal Processing,
Communication.

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