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eRAN

800 MHz Self interference Cancellation


Feature Parameter Description

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.


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written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other
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Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the commercial contract made
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document may not be within the purchased scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise agreed by the
contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS"
without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

1 Introduction
1.1 Scope
This document describes the 800 MHz self-interference cancellation feature in terms of how it works,
how it relates to other features, and how it affects the network. This document also provides
engineering guidelines for this feature.
Any managed objects (MOs), parameters, alarms, or counters described in this document correspond
to the software release delivered with this document. In the event of updates, the updates will be
described in the product documentation delivered with the latest software release.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for:
Personnel

who need to understand the 800 MHz self-interference cancellation feature

Personnel

who work with Huawei Long Term Evolution (LTE) products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information on the changes in different document versions.
There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
Feature

change: refers to a change in the 800 MHz self-interference cancellation feature of a specific
product version.

Editorial

change: refers to a change in wording or the addition of information that was not described
in the earlier version.

Document Issues
The document issues are as follows:
02

(2012-12-29)

01

(2012-03-30)

Draft

A (2012-01-10)

02 (2012-12-29)
Compared with issue 01 (2012-03-30) of eRAN3.0, issue 02 (2012-12-29) of eRAN3.0 incorporates the
following changes.
Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature change

None

None

Editorial change

Revised chapter 3 "Technical


Description."

None

01 (2012-03-30)
This is the first official release.
Compared with draft A (2012-01-10) of eRAN3.0, issue 01 (2012-03-30) of eRAN3.0 incorporates the
following changes.
Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature change

None

None

Editorial change

Revised chapter 6 "Engineering Guidelines."

None

Draft A (2012-01-10)
This is a draft.

2 Overview
This document describes the optional feature LOFD-001067 800M Self-interference Cancellation,
which only applies to 3900 series base stations in frequency division duplex (FDD) mode.
A cell that operates in the 800 MHz frequency band (band 20) has an 11 MHz duplex frequency
separation, as shown in Figure 2-1. Therefore, when a UE simultaneously transmits and receives data,
the uplink causes interference to the downlink and the interference leads to deterioration in the
downlink receiver sensitivity. The degrees of interference and deterioration depend on the UE's
duplex frequency separation, transmit power, and positions of uplink and downlink physical resource
blocks (PRBs). The degrees also depend on the UE's specifications.
Figure 2-1 shows the 800 MHz frequency band.
Figure 2-1 800 MHz frequency band

3 Technical Description
800 MHz self-interference is the interference that a UE's signal transmission induces on the UE's signal
reception (that is, uplink-to-downlink interference) in a cell that operates in the 800 MHz frequency
band. Self-interference is restricted by the second-order intercept point (IP2) of the UE and the narrow
duplex frequency separation of the 800 MHz frequency band. It mainly consists of intermodulation (IM)
interference, including IM2, IM3, IM5, and IM7, which correspond to IM orders. The strength of selfinterference is determined by the UE's transmit power and intermediate frequency (IF) performance,
mainly referring to the duplex frequency separation and non-linear power amplifier.

IM interference occurs when two or more interfering signals reach a UE's receiver at the same time. The frequency
combination of these interfering signals is close or even identical to the frequency of a wanted signal because the power
amplifier of the UE is non-linear. As a result, the UE cannot filter out these interfering signals, and these signals interfere
with wanted signals. Different frequency combinations cause different IM interference.

The impact of 800 MHz self-interference varies according to the bandwidth:


A

cell with a 5 MHz bandwidth has a wide frequency separation, and therefore the impact of selfinterference caused by a narrow duplex frequency separation is small enough to ignore.

cell with a 10 MHz, 15 MHz, or 20 MHz bandwidth has a narrow frequency separation and
therefore self-interference exists. Downlink PRBs at any positions in the spectrum may experience
interference from the uplink. When the UE is not tolerant of the interference, 800 MHz selfinterference cancellation is required.

A cell operating in the 800 MHz frequency band (band 20) does not support a 1.4 MHz or 3 MHz bandwidth, according to
3GPP specifications.

Assume that a UE in a cell with a bandwidth of 20 MHz is allocated 50 PRBs for uplink transmission. In
this case, the start position of uplink PRBs is at 836.5 MHz (831 MHz + 25 x 180 kHz = 836.5 MHz).
Then, the red curve in Figure 3-1 represents self-interference.

Figure 3-1 Self-interference in the 800 MHz frequency band

Figure 3-1 is only a schematic diagram because the result is obtained without the duplexer's suppression.

800 MHz self-interference cancellation is controlled


by ImIcSwitch(ImIcSwitch) underCellAlgoSwitch.UlSchSwitch. If ImIcSwitch(ImIcSwitch) is
selected, the eNodeB mitigates self-interference and increases downlink capacity by limiting the
number of allocated uplink PRBs.