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MATH 314 Problem Set 1

6.Supposethatonecardistobeselectedfromadeckof20cardsthatcontains10redcardsnumberedfrom1to10and10
bluecardsnumberedfrom1to10.LetAbetheeventthatacardwithanevennumberisselected,letBbetheeventthata
bluecardisselected,andletCbetheeventthatacardwithanumberlessthan5isselected.DescribethesamplespaceS
c
anddescribeeachofthefollowingeventsbothinwordsandassubsetsofS:a.ABCb.BC c.ABCd.A(BC)
c

e.A B C .
10.Threesixsideddicearerolled.Thesixsidesofeachdiearenumbered16.LetAbetheeventthatthefirstdieshows
anevennumber,letBbetheeventthattheseconddieshowsanevennumber,andletCbetheeventthatthethirddie
showsanevennumber.Also,foreachi=1,...,6,letA ibetheeventthatthefirstdieshowsthenumberi,letB ibetheevent
thattheseconddieshowsthenumberi,andletCibetheeventthatthethirddieshowsthenumberi.Expresseachofthe
followingeventsintermsofthenamedeventsdescribedabove:
a.Theeventthatallthreediceshowevennumbersb.Theeventthatnodieshowsanevennumberc.Theeventthatat
leastonedieshowsanoddnumberd.Theeventthatatmosttwodiceshowoddnumberse.Theeventthatthesumofthe
threedicesisnogreaterthan5
4.IftheprobabilitythatstudentAwillfailacertainstatisticsexaminationis0.5,theprobabilitythatstudentBwillfailthe
examinationis0.2,andtheprobabilitythatbothstudentAandstudentBwillfailtheexaminationis0.1,whatisthe
probabilitythatatleastoneofthesetwostudentswillfailtheexamination?
6.FortheconditionsofExercise4,whatistheprobabilitythatexactlyoneofthetwostudentswillfailtheexamination?
8.If50%ofthefamiliesinacertaincitysubscribetothemorningnewspaper,65%ofthefamiliessubscribetothe
afternoonnewspaper,and85percentofthefamiliessubscribetoatleastoneofthetwonewspapers,whatpercentageof
thefamiliessubscribetobothnewspapers?
c

10.FortwoarbitraryeventsAandB,provethatPr(A)=Pr(AB)+Pr(AB ).
2.Iftwodicearerolled,whatistheprobabilitythatthesumofthetwonumbersthatappearwillbeeven?
8.Consideranexperimentinwhichafaircoinistossedonceandabalanceddieisrolledonce.a.Describethesample
spaceforthisexperiment.b.Whatistheprobabilitythataheadwillbeobtainedonthecoinandanoddnumberwillbe
obtainedonthedie?
6.Ifsixdicearerolled,whatistheprobabilitythateachofthesixdifferentnumberswillappearexactlyonce?
8.Anelevatorinabuildingstartswithfivepassengersandstopsatsevenfloors.Ifeverypassengerisequallylikelytoget
offateachfloorandallthepassengersleaveindependentlyofeachother,whatistheprobabilitythatnotwopassengers
willgetoffatthesamefloor?
4.Aboxcontains24lightbulbs,ofwhichfouraredefective.Ifapersonselectsfourbulbsfromtheboxatrandom,
withoutreplacement,whatistheprobabilitythatallfourbulbswillbedefective?
6.Supposethatnpeopleareseatedinarandommannerinarowofntheaterseats.Whatistheprobabilitythattwo
particularpeopleAandBwillbeseatednexttoeachother?
8.Ifkpeopleareseatedinarandommannerinacirclecontainingnchairs(n>k),whatistheprobabilitythatthepeople
willoccupykadjacentchairsinthecircle?
12.Supposethat35peoplearedividedinarandommannerintotwoteamsinsuchawaythatoneteamcontains10people
andtheotherteamcontains25people.WhatistheprobabilitythattwoparticularpeopleAandBwillbeonthesame

team?