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For Acacia in the broader sense, see Acacia sensu lato.

Acacia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the
subfamily Mimosoideae. The wide-ranging genus occurs in a variety of tropical and subtropical
habitats. Pedley (1978), following Vassal (1972), viewed Acacia as comprising three large
subgenera, but subsequently (1986) raised the rank of these groups to
genera Acacia, Senegalia and Racosperma,[10][11] which was underpinned by later genetic studies. [3]
[6]

The International Code of Nomenclature provides that under the rules, if Acacia is dismantled, then

the name Acacia follows the type.[9][12][13]


Contents
[hide]

1Description

2Species list

3Incertae sedis

4Hybrids

5References

Description[edit]
They are trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, and are always armed. Younger plants especially, are
armed with spines which are modified stipules, situated near the leaf bases. Some (cf. A. tortilis, A.
hebeclada, A. luederitzii and A. reficiens) are also armed with recurved prickles (in addition to the
spines).[14] The leaves are alternate and bipinnately arranged, and their pinnae may be opposite,
subopposite or sometimes alternate. The racemose inflorescences usually grow from the leaf axils.
The yellow or creamy white flowers are produced in spherical heads, or seldom in elongate spikes,
which is the general rule in the related genus Senegalia. The flowers are typically bisexual with
numerous stamens, but unisexual flowers have been noted in A. nilotica (cf. Sinha, 1971).[15] The
calyx and corolla are usually 4 to 5-lobed. Glands are usually present on the rhachis and the upper
side of the petiole. The seed pod may be straight, curved or curled, and either dehiscent or
indehiscent.[14]

HERB MAGIC by catherine yronwode


Magical Herbs for Herbal Magick
Natural Spells for Love, Luck, Money, Health, Protection, and Success
Herb Magic Home | Alphabetical List of Magic Herbs | Acacia Leaves

ACACIA LEAVES
In Hoodoo Folk Magic, Spell-Craft, and Occultism

ACACIA is much revered in religious and magical practice. The ancient Egyptians
made funeral wreaths of ACACIAleaves and the Hebrews planted a sprig of
evergreen ACACIA to mark the grave of a departed friend. ACACIA wood is the
Biblical shittim-wood from whichNoah's Ark and the Tabernacleand Altar were
made. Jewish legend tells us that the Burning Bush of Moses was an ACACIA.
Christian legend links an ACACIA tree with the Cross and its spiny branches with
the Crown of Thorns . The ACACIA is an emblem of immortality and of initiation,
in the sense that initiation is symbolic of resurrection. Many people burn these leaves
as incense or dip them inholy water and sprinkle an altar to communicate with or to
memorialize the Dead. We make no claims for ACACIA, and sell as a Curio only.
-- The Lucky Mojo Curio Co. catalogue

Larger Image of Lucky Mojo Acacia Leaves Herb Pack

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ACACIA LEAF
Symbolizes the afterlife; the leaves are
burned on charcoal to develop personal
power.

$3.00
HERACALEAF

CHARCOAL
Resins, especially the gummy ones, do
not always light and burn well on their
own, and even herbs and self-lighting
incense powders will burn more evenly
if given a start, so when burning
natural incenses, it is customary to
place them on smouldering charcoal.

$3.00
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HOODOO HERB AND ROOT


MAGIC BY CATHERINE
YRONWODE
Many more folkloric magical spells
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in the book "Hoodoo Herb and Root


Magic" by catherine yronwode.

Acacia, any of about 800 species of trees and shrubs comprising a genus (Acacia) in
the pea family (Fabaceae) and native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world,
particularly Australia (there called wattles) and Africa. Acacias distinctive leaves take
the form of small, finely divided leaflets that give the leafstalk a feathery or fernlike (i.e.,
pinnate) appearance. In many Australian and Pacific species, the leaflets are
suppressed or absent altogether, and the leafstalks (petioles) are flattened and perform
the physiological functions of leaves. The leafstalks may be vertically arranged and bear
thorns or sharp spines at their base. Acacias are also distinguished by their small, often
fragrant flowers, which are arranged in compact globular or cylindrical clusters. The
flowers are usually yellow but occasionally white and have many stamens apiece, giving
each one a fuzzy appearance.
About 600 species are native to Australia and various Pacific Ocean islands, with the
rest native to either Africa or the Americas. Acacias are especially numerous on the
plains of southern and eastern Africa, where they are well-known landmarks on the veld
and savanna.

Several
acacia species are important economically. A. senegal, native to the Sudan region in
Africa, yields true gum arabic, a substance used in adhesives, pharmaceuticals, inks,
confections, and other products. The bark of most acacias is rich in tannin, which is
used in tanning and in dyes, inks, pharmaceuticals, and other products. The babul
tree (A. arabica), of tropical Africa and across Asia, yields both an inferior type of gum
arabic and a tannin that is extensively used in India. Several Australian acacias are
valuable sources of tannin, among them the golden wattle (A. pycnantha), thegreen
wattle (A. decurrens), and the silver wattle (A. dealbata).
A few acacias produce valuable timber, among them the Australian blackwood (A.
melanoxylon); theyarran (A. homalophylla), also of Australia; and A. koa of
Hawaii. Sweet acacia (A. farnesiana) is native to the southwestern United States. Many
of the Australian species have been widely introduced elsewhere as cultivated small
trees valued for their spectacular floral displays.

Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees, often spine-bearing, that belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae (family:
Fabaceae). The fruits are the seed-bearing pods typical of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae). The generic name
derives from (akakia, from [akis, thorn]).
Until recently, ~1300 species worldwide were classified as Acaciasabout 960 native to Australia, with the remainder
in tropical to warm-temperate regions of Europe, Africa, southern Asia, and the Americas. However, in 2005,
taxonomists divided Acacia into five separate genera: Acacia (the Australian species, with a few in tropical Asia,
Madagascar and Pacific Islands); Vachellia and Senegalia (which include most species outside Australia);
and Acaciella and Mariosousa (which each contain about a dozen species from the Americas).
Acacia leaves are generally compound pinnate. In some species, however, the leaflets are suppressed, and the leafstalks (petioles) become vertically flattened into phyllodes, oriented vertically to avoid intense sunlight. Some species
(such as A. glaucoptera) lack leaves or phyllodes altogether, but possess instead cladodes, modified leaf-like
photosynthetic stems functioning as leaves. Various species have sap that hardens into gum. Flowers are small with
five petals, almost hidden by 10 (or more) long stamens, and arranged in dense globular or cylindrical clusters; they
are generally yellow or cream-colored, but can be white, purple, or red.

Acacias have diverse and extensive uses, ranging from food (many species contain edible shoots and seeds, and the
flowers are used to produce a delicate and non-crystallizing honey) and medicine to paint and perfume to timber and
firewood. The leaves of many species bear large amounts of tannins, with wide commercial production for tanning
leather. In the North America and Europe, acacia ingredients are used in soft drinks, chewing gums, candies, and
mints. The sap of A. senegal and A. seyal yields gum arabic, which is used in foods, paints, inks, cosmetics, hair
products, textiles, and numerous other products (Wikipedia 2011). Acacias are used to make incense, and may have
been the burning bush of the Bible and the wood used to construct the Ark of the Tabernacle.
Many acacias produce alkaloid chemicals as defensive compounds to deter insects and mammalian herbivores.
Some of these alkaloids are toxic to livestock, while others have psychoactive properties.
Acacias interact in various well-known mutualisms, such as one in which swollen thorn acacias of Costa Rica offer
food and shelter to ants in exchange for protection from plant competitors and insect herbivores (Janzen 1966). (See
National Geographic video, http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/animals/bugs-animals/ants-andtermites/ant_acaciatree.html.) In another notable mutualism, acacia seeds that pass through the gut of large
mammalian herbivores (such as elephants) are more likely to germinatenot because the digestive juices soften the
hard seed coat, as previously thought, but because they kill the Bruchidae beetle larvae that parasitize most uneaten
seeds (Attenborough 1995, Palmer et al. 2008); see ARKive video of a bruchid beetle eating seeds of A.
tortilis (http://www.arkive.org/umbrella-thorn/acacia-tortilis/video-11b.html).

http://eol.org/pages/13650/details

Insecticidal Property of Acacia Seeds and Bark


Against Termites

Insecticidal Property of Acacia (Samanea saman) Seeds and Bark Against


Termites (Coptotermes vastator). A study on the insecticidal property of Acacia
seeds and bark against termites was conducted to find out if these could be
used against termites. The experiment was conducted at the laboratory of the
Bureau of Soils in Lipa City and in Lumbang National High School from
September to October 2005. The effort was initiated to enrich the laboratory
activities in Chemistry and Biology for high school students.
It especially attempted to answer the following questions:
How can insecticides be prepared from Acacia seeds and bark?
How effective is the Acacia insecticide in combating or killing termites
(Coptotermes vastator);
Are there significant differences in the effectiveness of the ethanolic
Acacia extract and commercial insecticide (Solignum) in combating termites?
What are the implications of the use of Acacia seeds as insecticide on
the environment and human health?
Ethanolic extracts were prepared from the seeds and bark of Acacia collected
from areas surrounding Laurel farm in Lumbang, Lipa City. These extracts were
used as samples in the qualitative analysis and preliminary screening for
insecticidal property against termites. The screening of the ethanolic extracts
from Acacia seeds and bark revealed the presence of saponin, tannins,
alkaloids, reducing agents glycosides, carbohydrates, which have the capacity
to kill termites. The one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used in
comparing the means of the effect of the ethanolic extracts against termites.
Results were positive, showing the experimental sample to be comparable to
Solignum.

Environmental Briquette from Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia


crassipes) with Acacia Seeds as Binding Agent
Mary Jane Bucio
Patricia Anne Javier
Charlz Deanne Hermoso
Angel-lyn Lazo
Jamira Marabut
(Researchers)
Mrs. Ma. Regaele A. Olarte
(Research Adviser)

ABSTRACT

Water hyacinth is an aquatic plant which could well be used, instead of wood, in
generating an alternative source of energy. The processing of water hyacinth into
briquette would have a significant role not only in the development of an alternative fuel,
but also in the preservation of the environment. The water hyacinth that was harvested,
dried, and pulverized was mixed with cassava starch and acacia seed binder by being
compressed into briquettes in a manually-operated machine. The experimental set-up
made use of dry and fresh water hyacinth while a traditional charcoal served as the
control. In all the quality tests done, T- test showed that there was no significant
difference between the experimental product and the commercial product in terms of
various parameters, at 0.05 level of significance. The results of experimentation and
data analysis showed that the experimental product is just as effective as the
commercial briquette, with better potential of helping the environment by reducing the
negative consequences brought about by water hyacinths rapid profusion. Thus,
the environmental briquette made from water hyacinth with acacia seeds as binding
agent could be an effective alternative to the traditional charcoal made from burning of
wood.