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Building Technological Innovation Capabilities: Enhancing

Technological Innovation Performance

Hseyin nce, Salih Zeki mamolu, pek Koolu, Zafer Acar and
Serap Eren
Gebze Institute of Technology, Kocaeli-Turkey
Okan University, Istanbul-Turkey
Turkcell Communication Services PLC, Istanbul-Turkey
Abstract: Technological innovation capabilities (TICs) support firm level
resource integration and technologic innovation strategies by
harmonizing firms different competences and organizational assets with
the external environment (Yam et al., in press). Prior research on TIC
suggests that the effective exploitation of firm resources, especially
technological knowledge, and the accumulation of TIC contributes to
innovation outputs (Yam et al., in press), which in turn has significant
impact on technological innovation performance (TIP) and competitive
advantage. Although some studies in the literature presents the
relationship between TIC and TIP, the impact of TIC on TIP and
competitive advantage constitutes a gap in the literature. Furthermore,
even though TIC is considered as an attractive research domain by se,
its detailed analysis based on a theoretical background especially from
organizational capabilities framework in the turbulent market of todays
hyper-competitive environment points a gap not widely researched in the
literature. In this scope, the concepts of technology, innovation,
technological innovation and the importance of these concepts have
been explained first based on the literature. Secondly, the technological
innovation strategies that businesses require to survive in the
competitive environment and the respective TICs that they can build for
this purpose have been presented. Hypotheses have been developed by
evaluating the idea that businesses can increase their technological
innovation performances by gaining these qualifications and the effects
of gaining these qualifications providing businesses with a competitive
advantage. In order to test the provided hypotheses, the data obtained
through the 315 surveys conducted in the IT-telecommunication sector
have been analyzed through structural equation modeling (SEM) using
AMOS 4.0. A four step approach have been followed in the analysis of
the data obtained through the methodology stage of the research,
particularly; 1-) second-order confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), 2-)
reliability and validity analysis, 3-) correlation analysis, and 4-) structural
equations modeling analysis.


Keywords: technological innovation capability, organizational

capabilities, innovation capabilities, technologic innovation, technologic
innovation performance, competitive advantage

Uncertainty in the Innovation Process

Harri Jalonen1 and Annina Lehtonen2
Turku University of Applied Sciences, Loimaa, Finland
Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland
Abstract: This paper aims to shed light on uncertainty in the innovation
process. We ask: how does uncertainty manifest itself in the innovation
process? The concept of innovation implies the idea that something new
is added to something that already exists or that something that exists is
given up. The argument is that adding and/or taking away are ways to
improve the state of affairs. In this sense, it can be argued that
innovation is heavily laden with positive values. Almost without doubt,
innovations are considered good for modern society. A pro-innovation
bias is also evident in innovation research. Successful innovations gain
the lions share of interest in research while unsuccessful innovations
remain unknown. Therefore, we know much more about innovation
successes than about innovation failures. However, the newness of the
idea means that some degree of uncertainty is involved in the innovation
process. The basic viewpoint of this paper is that the potential value
contained in innovation becomes or does not become materialized in the
future. Given that the future entails uncertainty, it is reasonable to argue
that uncertainty is inherent in every innovation process. Uncertainty
results from the fact that, on the one hand, events in the future do not
follow the course of past events, and, on the other, knowing about the
future is always incomplete. This conceptual paper presents a
theoretically founded framework for understanding various aspects of
the uncertainty in the innovation process. Based on the systematic
literature review, we identified eight factors creating uncertainty in the
innovation process: technological uncertainty, market uncertainty,
regulatory uncertainty, social and political uncertainty, acceptance and
legitimacy uncertainty, managerial uncertainty, timing uncertainty, and
consequence uncertainty. The results of this paper can be used to
identify and avoid possible bottlenecks in innovation processes. This
paper also fills the gap in research concerning the issues that may relate
to a failure in innovation i.e. uncertainty.
Keywords: innovation, uncertainty


Sarajevo as head of the department for planning and development. He has

published over 30 scientific papers. Currently he is focused on his doctoral studies
in electrical engineering and economy.
Saeid Karimi holds a BSc and an MSc in Agricultural Education. After finishing
his MSc studies, he was employed as an instructor at the Bu-Ali Sina University.
He started his PhD project at the Wageningen University in 2009. The title of his
project is: Evaluation and Improvement of Entrepreneurship Education in Higher
Education in Iran.
Oskar Kayasan is Professor of Strategy with considerable international
experience and able to communicate effectively as senior academic and
management level. His current research involves the study of global and regional
strategies in emerging countries from globalization phenomenon. Areas of
competence include Global Strategy and Strategy Renewal in Emerging Countries
Eva Kekou has a multidisciplinary academic background (art history,literature &
political theor).She has presented at international conferences ( re:media live, isea
2011,ecie 2010,subtle technologies,amber conference etc.). Interested in how art,
media & technology intersect and notions of media art, public space with a keen
interest in locative media practises and psychogeography. After having lived and
teached in a number of countries she is now based in Greece where she is active
in research and works part time as a curator of museum exhibitions.
Panayiotis Ketikidis is the Vice Principal for Research, Innovation & External
Relations of CITY College An International Faculty of the University of Sheffield,
and the Chairman of the Management Committee & Academic Director of the
Doctoral Programme at the South East European Research Centre (SEERC). He
has over 25 years of experience in management, education, research.
Ipek Kocoglu holds a BS degree in Manufacturing Systems Engineering from the
Sabanci University, Turkey. He has a MS degree in Science and Technology
Strategies from the Gebze Institute of Technology (GIT), Turkey. He is a PhD
student in Faculty of Business Administration, Management Science GIT, Turkey.
Jukka Laitinen, MSc (Econ.), graduated from the Turku School of Economics in
2004. Currently, he works as a project researcher in Corporate Foresight Group
CoFi/Laurea University of Applied Sciences. His current research areas include
scenario analysis and innovation management.
Nicolas Laroche is currently completing the third year of his PhD thesis at the
University of Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand, France), the subject of which is the
role of universities in local innovation system. He has previously completed a

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