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CHAPTERS 23 & 24 Take-Home Test


Throughout 1928, the American stock market

Saw the number of shares traded daily soar
Saw the average price of stocks rise slightly
Had slowly been declining in value
Had rapidly been losing in value
saw brokerage firms restrict credit to those
buying stocks

Name ___________________________________

In the 1930s, the Dust Bowl

was created by the national economic collapse
stretched from Kansas to California
experienced years of heavy rainfall
was created by grasshoppers
was a product of changing environmental

2.) On October 29, 1929, the American stock

a. Saw fewer than one million shares of stock
b. Lost all the gains of the previous year
c. Experienced its first sharp decline in values
since the War
d. Was forced to suspend business because of
staggering declines in values
e. Rebounded slightly from the tremendous losses
of Black Thursday

7.) During the 1930s, southern rural blacks who

moved to northern urban areas
a. were denied all forms of public relief assistance
b. generally experienced better economic
c. could still find domestic service jobs no whites
d. were denied all forms of public relief assistance,
but could find domestic service jobs no whites
e. none of these answers is correct

3.) All of the following factors were causes of the

Great Depression EXCEPT
a. an unstable European economy
b. a lack of diversification in the United States
c. a misdistribution of purchasing power
d. conservative banking policies that restricted the
availability of loans
e. weak consumer demand

8.) The 1931 Scottsboro court case saw

a. black teenagers accused of rape by two white
b. a Georgia jury convict all of the black youths
c. the Supreme Court reaffirm the death penalty
d. eight of the convicted youths executed for
crimes they did not commit
e. all of these answers are correct

4.) After 1929, in the face of the worsening global

economic crisis, the United States
a. reduced the debts owed by European nations to
b. forgave the debts owed by European nations to
c. demanded immediate payment of all debts owed
by European nations to America
d. refused to alter the payment schedule of debts
owed by European nations to America
e. forgave the debts owed by former allies during
the War, and reduced the debts of other nations

9.) IN response to the Great Depression, many

Mexican Americans
a. Migrated to the South
b. Left the United States entirely
c. Moved into California
d. Successfully organized agricultural unions
e. Migrated into rural areas, where work was more

5.) In 1931, the severity of the Depression increased

when the Federal Reserve Board
a. Closed all financially-ailing banks
b. Declared bankruptcy
c. Weakened the value of the dollar
d. Expanded the money supply
e. Raised interest rates

10.)During the Great Depression, Asian Americans

a. Unlike blacks and Hispanics were generally able
to keep from losing their jobs to white
b. Who were college educated generally weathered
the crisis fairly well
c. Had trouble competing for jobs with poor white
migrants from the Midwest
d. Were limited by law to low-paying jobs such as
salesclerks and food servers
e. Found it easier to move into mainstream

11.)For women the economic pressures caused by

the Great Depression
a. weakened the notion that a womans proper
place was in the home
b. saw men move into jobs traditionally held by
professional women
c. forced most women out of the labor force
d. saw the federal government make it illegal for
married women to work outside the home
e. affected service and clerical positions held by
women more than they did jobs in heavy
12.)IN the 1930s, Dale Carnegies How to Win
Friends and Influence People
a. Claimed community togetherness was the best
way to combat hard times
b. Argued the best way to end the Depression was
for working-class men and women to run for
c. Asserted that a strong faith in Christianity would
best help one through hard times
d. Gave financial advice and offered tips when
going to a job interview
e. Taught that individual initiative could help
people restore themselves financially
13.)The long-time censor of Hollywood films in the
1920s and 1930s was
a. Frank Capra
b. Pare Lorentz
c. King Vidor
d. James Agee
e. Will Hayes
14.)During the 1930s, American literature
a. Offered a greater degree of social commentary
than did either radio or movies
b. Saw most popular books and magazines focus
on the Great Depression
c. Saw photographic magazines lose much of their
readership due to the high cost of each issue
d. Faced censorship laws that suppressed criticism
of American political culture
e. Adopted a more pessimistic, although no less
radical, approach to society in the later 1930s
15.)The Abraham Lincoln Brigade is associated
a. the radical Right
b. the Spanish Civil War
c. veterans of WWI
d. the bonus marchers
e. the Civilian Conservation Corps

16.)During the 1930s, the American Communist

a. distanced itself from the Soviet Union
b. excluded most minorities from its ranks
c. supported Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil
d. both distanced itself from the Soviet Union and
excluded most minorities from its ranks
e. none of these answers is correct
17.)During the 1930s, the radical left in the United
a. Found broad acceptance among both the
working class and intellectuals
b. Experienced intense government hostility
c. Saw a widening of the ideological range of
mainstream art and politics
d. Both experience intense government hostility
and saw a widening of the ideological range of
mainstream art and politics
e. All these answers are correct
18.)As Herbert Hoover began his presidency, he
a. considered the country to have a bright
economic future
b. assumed the economy might suffer a mild
c. feared a depression
d. called for voluntary guidelines to stabilize the
stock market
e. renounced his earlier policy of associationalism
19.)President Hoover responded to the onset of the
Great Depression by
a. proposing a series of economic reform programs
b. shutting down the bank system until confidence
in it could be restored
c. urging voluntary cooperation from business
d. calling for a tax increase to prevent a federal
e. calling for a system of social security to alleviate
individual suffering
20.)The Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930
a. gave incentives to Europeans to sell their goods
in the United States
b. was designed to stimulate United States exports
c. increased tariffs on industrial products, but left
farm products rates unchanged
d. both gave incentives to Europeans to sell their
goods in the United States, and was designed to
stimulate United States exports
e. none of these answers is correct

21.)The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

a. was to provide federal loans to troubled banks
and businesses
b. was created in the last year of Hoovers
c. included a $1.5 billion public works budget
d. both included a $1.5 billion public works
budget, and was to provide federal loans to
troubled banks and businesses
e. all of these answers are correct
22.)All of the following statements regarding the
1932 Bonus Army are true EXCEPT that
a. Hoover called some marchers behavior
evidence of uncontrolled violence and
b. Several thousand American veterans camped out
in Washington, DC
c. Congress refused to formally consider the
demands of the Army
d. Many Americans viewed President Hoover as
unsympathetic to the veterans
e. The Army demanded Congress create relief
programs for the WWI veterans
23.)In 1933, two days after he took office, President
a. took the country off the gold standard
b. ended prohibition
c. sent the National Industrial Recovery Act to
d. presented to Congress a relief plan for the
e. closed all banks
24.) The Economy Act of 1933
a. Proposed to balance the federal budget and cut
government workers salaries
b. Ordered all federal agencies to cut their
workforce by 10%
c. Gave immediate pensions to retired war veterans
d. Provided an infusion of cash into the economy
e. Gave the government authority to curb
irresponsible speculation by banks
25.)The Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 established
a. The Federal Reserve Board in Washington
b. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
c. The Securities and Exchange Commission
d. Both the FDIC and the SEC
e. None of the answers is correct

26.)In 1933, the Federal Deposit Insurance

a. offered financial protection for stock investor
b. gave the government authority to transfer the
funds of failing banks to strong banks
c. protected the assets of small bank depositors
d. protected banks from failing
e. prevented banks from speculating irresponsibly
27.)To oversee activities in the stock market, in
1934, Congress established the
a. Securities and Exchange Commission
b. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
c. Federal Reserve Board
d. Glass-Steagall Act
e. Federal Emergency Relief Association
28.)The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
a. sought to raise crop prices by paying farmers not
to plant
b. set minimum prices for retailers purchasing farm
c. provided farmers with free seed and fertilizer
d. offered financial incentives to farmers who
improved their production yields
e. created government warehouses where farmers
could store their crops and use them as collateral
29.)The Agricultural Adjustment Act
a. favored small farm operations over large ones
b. fostered further instability in the agricultural
c. protected tenant farmers
d. failed to improve farm prices
e. was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme
30.)The National Recovery Administration of 1933
did all of the following EXCEPT
a. Establish a minimum wage for labor
b. Make child industrial labor illegal
c. Set a standard for the maximum hours one could
work in a week
d. Increase competition between companies
e. Set floors under prices
31.)During the first year of the National Recovery
a. industry saw prices rise
b. industrial production declined
c. large producers consistently dominated the codewriting process
d. both of these occurred: industry saw prices rise,
and industrial production declined
e. all of these answers are correct

32.)All of the following occurred as a result of the

Tennessee Valley Authority EXCEPT
a. flooding water was almost entirely eliminated in
the affected region
b. the cost of power from private companies
c. poverty in the region was significantly reduced
d. water transportation was improved
e. electricity was provided to thousands of new

37.)in 1935, Senator Huey Long

a. advocated a flat tax plan
b. had a strong record of progressive
c. had as much popular support as FDR, according
to opinion polls
d. declared he would seek the Democratic
nomination for president in 1936
e. advocated a $200 monthly pension for all
Americans over the age of sixty

33.)In 1934, strong criticism of the New Deal came

a. The political far right
b. The political far left
c. Dissident populists such as Huey Long
d. Both the political far right and the political far
e. All of these answers are correct

38.)The Second New Deal was launched in

response to
a. the growth of popular protests across the nation
b. the persistence of the Great Depression
c. the coming presidential election of 1936
d. both the persistence of the Great Depression and
the coming presidential election of 1936
e. All of these answers are correct

34.)In 1934, the American Liberty League was

a. to help win public support for the more
controversial New Deal programs
b. by western business leaders who felt ignored by
the New Deal
c. to unite southerners who opposed the New
Deals support of unions
d. by a coalition of radical and semiradical
organizations, including the Socialist Party
e. by wealthy conservatives who strongly opposed
the New Deal

39.)The National Labor Relations Act of 1935

a. Ended the labor practice of a closed shop
b. Gave the government the authority to force
employers to accept labor unions
c. Enforced the labor practice of an open shop
d. Resulted in the Supreme Courts striking down
of the Wagner Act
e. Invalidated Section 7(a) of the National
Industrial Recovery Act

35.)In 1934, Dr. Francis Townsend attracted

widespread national support for a plan that
a. offered medical insurance for the poor and
b. was strongly supported by Congress
c. helped pave the way for the Social Security
d. guaranteed all able-bodied Americans over the
age of twenty-one a full-time job
e. provided below-cost health care to children and
pregnant women
36.)Much of father Charles Coughlins outspoken
criticism of the Roosevelt administration
revolved around the issue of
a. The right of labor to organize in unions
b. Giving public relief jobs to women with children
c. The repeal of prohibition
d. Changing the banking and currency system
e. Taxing excess corporate profits and surplus

40.)In the 1930s, industrial unionism was

a. considerably strengthened by New Deal
b. supported by the American Federation of Labor
c. opposed by labor leaders such as John L. Lewis
d. generally hostile towards blacks and women
e. losing support among unskilled laborers
41.)In 1937, regarding the organizing of industrial
a. Small steel companies more quickly unionized
than did large steel companies
b. The effort to organize the steel industry proved
easier than in the auto industry
c. The Memorial Day Massacre saw striking
U.S. Steel employees killed by police
d. The great majority of strikes were settled in
favor of the unions
e. A key strike against Republic Steel of Chicago
succeeded in winning union recognition

42.)The Social Security Act of 1935

a. initially only offered a pension for retired
b. did not begin making payments to participants
for years
c. covered all full-time working American citizens
d. was opposed by FDR as being too costly
e. originally included a program for universal
health care
43.)The Works Progress Administration provided
federal assistance to
a. Artists and sculptors
b. Actors and directors
c. Writers and musicians
d. All of these: artists, sculptors, writers, and
e. All of these answers are correct
44.)All of the following groups were part of the
New Deal political coalition EXCEPT
a. big business owners
b. the working class
c. urban blacks
d. western and southern farmers
e. liberals and progressives
45.)President FDRs proposal to expand the
Supreme Court
a. had little effect on future rulings by the Court
b. did little political damage to his administration
c. drew significant support from conservatives
d. was eventually defeated in Congress
e. gained FDR the support of southern Democrats
46.)During the recession of 1937,
a. Congressional Republicans took most of the
b. The economy was as bad as during the worst
period of the Hoover administration
c. Industrial production faltered but employment
remained steady
d. It became apparent that New Deal programs
made little impact on economic conditions
e. Roosevelt tried to mitigate the damage by
reducing spending
47.)The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
a. signified the start of a new round of New Deal
b. sought to eliminate hiring discrimination based
on race, but not gender
c. did not include a provision regarding working
d. established a national minimum wage
e. created an enforcement mechanism to protect
unions right to organize

48.)Frances Perkins, the first female cabinet member

in American history, was secretary of
a. commerce
b. agriculture
c. labor
d. health and human services
e. education
49.)All of the following statements regarding the
New Deal and women are true EXCEPT
a. The New Deal sanctioned sexually
discriminatory wage rates
b. New Deal relief agencies offered relatively little
employment for women
c. Women were encouraged to leave the workplace
to help men get jobs
d. Many occupations dominated by women were
excluded from Social Security
e. In general, women were major critics of the New
50.)One long-term consequence of the New Deal
a. the government effectively redistributed the
wealth among the American people
b. it demonstrated that sufficient government
spending could resolve economic emergencies
c. the national government assumed a
responsibility for the basic welfare of the people
d. the influence of the government on the economy
became greater than that of private businesses
e. the government substantially transformed the
distribution of power within American