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CPFAFFD
294, 295,
294-1, 295-1, 296-1, 297-1

Foreword
Your new Pfaff sewing machine NiH enable
you to master such iork as sewing, em
broiderlng, darning and sewing buttonholes
nuickly and easily.
IVith the built-in utility-stitch mechanism you
-ian also sew all functional seams needed for
proper sewing of stretch knitwear or fabrics
such as tricot. lerseY. Helanca and au other
materials marked stretch.

\\

This nstruction book has been compiled n


order :o familiarize you thorougnly with all
the sewtng iobS coming up n a home.
We suggest that you try out the various
sewing techniques discussed in this book so
with
tnat you will become well acquainted
your machine.
if you nave any sewing problems, please do
not hesitate to contact your Pfaff dealer
who will be glad to help you at any time.

with
We hope you will always enjoy sewing
your Pfaff.

PFAFF HANDELSGESELLSCHAFT
fr HaushaltflahmasChiflefl mbH
Karisruhe-DUrlach

Needle

Thread
Type at Fabric
Bed iinen
Fine iinen
Musirn

Type

Size

Dress tabrics, such as brocade,


spifl ottoman, 1affeta, georgette,
crpe, chiffon, batiste, biouse
fabrics and popin ahirting

80
0
70

50

Cotton

40

80

Cotton

40

90

90
90
110

Burlap

50

Cotton

40

Cotton or iinen
Linen

40
40

Cotton

40

Silk

50

Cotton

50

Cotton curta
Synthetic curtains

Synthetic
Cotton
Synthetic
Silk
Synthetic
Silk
Siik
Mercerized cotton
Mercerized cotton
Synthetc thread

50
50
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
50

Aceila, leatherette, oilcloth

Cotton

Cotton. rayon staple fabrics


Jersey fabrics isyntheticl
Lastex Heianca fabrics
Ecambacxs
Jersey faonss (wool)
Woolens

C astic corsetry fsbr cs firm


corsetry abr us, corset satin
Leather

Decorative stitching

Synthetic thread
Cotton
Cotton
Linen
Embroidery thread
Heavy embroidery thread
Butthoie s1k

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Synthetic
or colton

80
70
70
70

90

130 705
or
130705H

100
100
100

90
80
90

3t 705 H

30

130 05 H

70 80

30 Q5 or
130.705 H

SQ

80
70
70
70
90
70
90

so
60
90
90

80

i20

80

.10

60

40
40
40
40
50
80
30

Embroidery and
darning thread
Lycrs. rubber zed
taboos

80

70

Surtings and mantlings

Terry cloth, cheniiie goods.


knitted pile fabric for bathrobes,
corduroy

I
I

50

Twill, denim

80

Cotton or mercerized
cotton
Siik

Heavy linen

Point Style

Size

80

I 130 705 H

90
80
80
90
90

13005
130
PCL
130 705 H

100

130 LL

80
100
100

130/705

30

130 705 SKF

____H
Parts of the
Plaff 294, 294-1 and 296-1

-________

5{6---

1 Thread retainer stud


2 Take-up lever
3 Thread guide
4 Top cover
5 Utility-stitch control
6 Spool pins
7 Bobbin winder
8 Balance wheel
9 Stop motion knob
10 Motor disengaging mechanism
11 Stitch length control
12 Reverse feed control
13 Bed cover
14 Transverse rotary hook
(below bedplate)
15 Needle plate
16 Sewing foot thumb screw
17 Lignt switch
18 Stitch 4iidth control
19 Needle position lever
20 Needle thread tension
(on back of machine arm>
21 Presser bar lifter
22 Needle set screw
23 Sewing foot
24 Drop-feed button

17

2O

18

295

19

jio
22
23

16
15

14

13

Parts of the
Pfaff 295, 295-1 and 297-1

17

56-7

H-_-,+
I

18

1623

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

19-

292

13

15
14

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12

Thread retainer stud


Take-up lever
Thread guide
To cover
Utility-stitch control
Spoolpins
Bobbin winder
Balance wheel
Stop motion knob
Motor disengaging mechanism
Stitch length control
Reverse feed control
Free arm
Free arm cover
(enclosing transverse rotary hook)
15 Needle plate
16 Sewing foot thumb screw
17 Light switch
18 Stitch width control
19 Needle position lever
20 Presser bar lifter
(on back of machine arm>
21 Needle thread terson
22 Needle set screw
23 Sewing foot
24 Drop-feed button

Push plug A into the receptacle on the back


of the machine and the plug at the other end
of the cord into wall outlet.
If your machine is foot-operated. push the
plug of the sewlight cord into the wall out
let

To switch on the sewlight, push the button


on the face cover (see ill.).

Place the toot control within easy reach of


your foot and press down the pedal. The
harder you press, the faster the machine
will run.

Power-driven machines (with built-in motor


only) feature a lever (10) underneath the
balance wheel which serves to swing the
motor to its operative position. To engage
the motor, flick this lever down. After you
have completed sewing, flick this lever to
its top position.

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an-c wne unt

me nec a a at ts nignst

point

1 3

On the Pfaff 294, 294-1 and 296-1 mmove the


bed cover 13,, as ifljstrat,zi ..ft atch k an
The bobbin case and pull out the bobbin case
N th the bobbin
The cobbin cannot fall out ss long as you
cold the case by Is open atch. When ou
release atcr k. the emotv b000in amos out
On the Pfaff 295. 295-1 and 297-1 tOe bobbin
case s removed as on 3 290 anc 296-1. er
ceot that n orcer to aet at toe bocoin case
you must tirst swirg the tree-ama cover
to the left.

Engaging and disengaging the sewing me


chanism for bobbin winding
While the bobbin ; being wound the sewing
mechanism must rot move.
Hoib oalance wheel 19f wOe :urn ng stop
moton enob 9t :oward you see ill.,.
To engage the sewing mecnanism after the
bobbin has been wound, turn the stop mo
tion knob away from you

Pass the thread around the thread retaine


stud in the director ndicated by an arrow.
lace a bobbin on the oobcin .Nir soindle.
maKing sure that Key A at Is base enters SlOt
Bin the bobbin (see 11.1
Wind a few turrs of tnreac 0 cm ooobin
anc push the bobcn toward The rigor.
Start the machine.
When the oobbin is full, 1 stoos automati
cally. Push it towards the left and remove .t
from the soinale.

I
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m-.

pace 1 n
draws toward the nght 1 an
the bobbin case.
Pull the thread nto slot 2t and under spr ng
(3). As you oull the thread. The nobn
should rotate c ockwise (al. Leave anout
tkree inches or tnread hanging trorn the
oobbin case.

Ptatf 295/295-1 /297-1

Pfatf 294/294-1/296-1

To insert the bobbin case na


orate the Dalance :jneei nL :be eece 5 a:
ts highest pont. cdt the atc- anc a aca
Oobbin case o center stuc s see
mae
ture its sot .n te arrow, ao:s ,,a Reesso
me latch anc cress aga nst :e ccaoin :aa
unt you near 1 snap nto a ac
.

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The sewing area of the Pfaff 294, 294-1 and


297-1 Portable is enlarged with the aid ot an

To enlarge the sewing area of the Pfaff 295.


295-1 and 297-1 for ordinary sewing opera
tions, push the workplate into the free arm as
far as it wilt go (Fig. 1). Then lock it in place
by turning down the lever on the back of the
machine (Fig. 2) until the locking stud snaps
into the nole in the free arm. Press the workplate support against the machine base until
it snaps into place (Fig. 3).

extension (4).

LI

To remove the Norkplate, swing up is sup


port and unlock it by pulling Out and swing
ng up the lever on the back of the machine
(Fig. 3).

On machines having no carrying case base.


the worplate supoort is pressed against the
baseplate of the machine.

Upper threading is illustrated opposite.


Please note that the thread is olaced Oe
tween the discs of tension t21) pulled clock
wise around the tension stud ano drawn
towaro the right with a erk (see ill, below).
As you do this, hold the thread fast some
where between the spool and the tension.
Thread the needle from the front.

21

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To draw up the bobbin thread, hold the


needle thread and lower the sewing foot

The sewing foot is raised and lowered by


operating the presser bar lifter on the back
of the machine (see ill.).
A
8

Turn the balance wheel toward you a full turn.


Pull the needle thread to draw up the bobbin
thread.

Presser bar lifter up


Presser bar lifter down

Place both threads back under the sewing


foot after it has been raised again.

12

Fundamentals of machine operation


Before you begin working your machine you
should know the following:

Turn utility-stitch control (5) clockwise (as


indicated by arrows in Fig. 1) until the sym
bol of the desired seam (straight stitch, zig
zag stitch, etc.) is opposite the dot.
For ordinary sewing, needle position lever
(19) should be in its center position (Fig. 2).

CPFAFD
2

Make sure take-up lever (2) is at its highest


point before you begin and after you have
completed a seam (Fig. 3).
Aways rotate balance wheel (8) toward you
(see arrow). As you do this, check to make
sure the stop motion knob is tightened firmly
(Fig. 4).

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Tj th s end oush he stitch vidth oontroi to


thenghtasfaraStWUlgoFg.l

The stitch length s regujated by turn ng the


Fig. 3) The
stitcri ength controi rom 0 to 4 1
number nd cating he stitch length chosen
should be opposite the notch on the eft
hand side or the slot.
For ordinary sewing operations. set the
stitch length control between 2 and 3.
Place the material under the sewing
and lower the oresser bar lifter.

lace the foot cctrol within easy reach or


your foot anc oess cown the oeoal The
harder you Dress. :be faster the macne
will run.

To sew longer straight-stitch seams, turn


utility-stitch control (5) until the straightstitch symbol is opposite the dot (see Fig. 2).
14

To sew in reverse or dacktack the ena of a


seam. simoly press down the ringer tm
controlFig l
/

For zigzag sewing torn utlity-stocn ontml


5; until the zlgzag-st;ton symbo s ooposite
the dot.
Then regulate tne sotch .idth by pushing the
stitco width contro toward toe eft. as desired.
Var;ous zigzag sewing ooeratons are ce
sorbed on oage 26 and tbefo owing pages.
Sett;ng The macne or sewing vanous ut
ity-stitch seams 5 explained on nage 30
vhe the foilowing Dages contain .nstruc
tio3 ror various utrttj-stitch sewing oper
ations.

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foot

Balanced tensions are essential icr sewing


Both tensions are correctly balanced f the
needle and dobbin threads interlock .n the
center of the material
100

oottori

The bobbin thread tension is regulated by


turning the small knurled screw on the bob
bin case (Fig. 1).

Upper tension too tight or lower tension too


loose.

Turn this screw right (with your thumb nail)


for a tighter tension, or left for a looser ten
sion.
the same size threacs are used n the
needle and on the oobbin. there s no need
to adlust the bobbin threaa tension.
This tension s set correctly if a sight re
sstance nas to be overcome when pulling
the thread.
1

bottom
,

Upper tension
too tignt.

top

too

.oose

or

lower

tension

Numbers 0 to 10 indicate different degrees


of tension on the upper tension dial (Fig 21
The higher the number, the tighter the ten
sion For ordinary sewng operations, the
ucper tension should be set between 3 and 5

top

bottom

Please note: Ease both :ensions somewnat


for sewing Silk and other delicate fabrics.

Both tensions correctly balanced

16
The accessory box which belongs to your
machine contains several sewing feet for
special sewing operations,
7o change tne sewing foot. bring the needle
to ts highest point and raise the foot T rn
out screw ,l 16) until the sewing foot can be
removed, tilting t sideways (see Figs. 1 &
2)
foot is attached in the reverse
ider.

.22

For, sewing elastic fabrics, attach ordinary


sewing foot No. 93-838954-00 rather than
clear-view sewing foot No 93-1001 79-00.

To change the needle, oring the needle bar


to its highest point and lower the sewing
foot. Loosen needle set screw (22) and pull
lhe old needle out of the needle clamp.
Insert new needle and push it up as far as it
go (Fig. 3), making sure that the flat
side of its shank aces toward the back.
Tighten screw (221 secureiy.
will

Use system 130 needles as indicated in the


table on the inside rort cover
17

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prepare your macnine for darnnc. pro


ceed as follows:

To

Replace he ordinary sewing foot by darn


ing foot No. 93-106103-91. attaching it from
the rear so that soring clip c rests on needle
set screw i22l Tighten sewing foot thumb
screw (16). Lower the presser bar lifter

Darning toot
No 93-106103-91

Now tte machine feed has to be drohped


To do this, push the drop-feed button to the
right to position B. To raise the feed again.
press inc button down and push P oaCK to
posit:on A for sewing.

1*

Draw up tOe bobbin thread and hold both


threads lightly with your eft hand while
the first stitches are being made. Trim
the threads and start stitching back and
forth across the hole in sewing direction
Make sure the threads are anchored in tne
unworn area around the hole.
Turn the faoric at right angles and sew
bacK and forth over the preceding work
with short stitcrtes.
If th.e needle thiead should break, the up
per tension is too tight.
Darning sheer and soft materials :5 greatly
facilitated by placing them in darning
hoops.
Select the darning hoops in a size match
ing the darning ioD to be performed.

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kcz

J.

-.

Attach zipoer root without quiit


inggaugeNo.938760000.
Stitch length. 1.5 to 2

zipoer or about 3 cm (11, guiding the right


edge of the foot along the zipper teeth 1)
Leave the needle in the material, raise the
zipper foot and close the zipoer 2
Continue stitching until you reacn the end
of the zipper. Then stitch across this end (3)
and up the otner side.
The finished
Fig. 4.

zipoer

closure

is

shown

in

Lz:Fz

/
ii,,,
Ii

il

,ll1z1hl

>\

20

Flat felled seams


Attach felling foot No,
93-847 561 -00 (available from your
Pfaff dealer>
Stitch length 1.5- 2mm
F at felled seams are used to durably io
two nieces of fabr c and are usually straignt
stitched.
First Seam: Lay oieces together Nith thE
right sides facing and the bottom niece pro
truding about 4 mm
). Make sure tne
fabric enters tne felling foot evenly and the
ooftom fabric is folded over the edge of the
too pece (Fig. 1>. but the top piece s not
folded.
Open the two pieces.

Second Seam: Start the second seam at the


same tabric edge as the first seam. Light y
tension the fabric by pulling t sideways
Insert the seam ridge into the telling foot and
stitch it down Isee F:g 2

Quilting
Use zigper foot No. 93-847600-00 with quilt
.ng gauge or sewing parallel seams over
the entire surface of the abric
4

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21

twice.
Fold the beginning of the fabric edge
) wide and
making a hem aboUt 3 mm
under
several nches long. Place the material
the hemmer foot and lower the same
the
Make 3 to 4 straight stitches to secure
folded edge n place.
pu I
Draw the fabric into the hemmer foot by
n the
shown
as
backwards,
threads
ing both
drawing.
foot
Feed the fabric edge into The hemmer
maK
scrod th your right hand (see l..
Oiled Nith
ing sure that the scroll is well
not
faorc at all times and the fabric does
of the
slip sideways under the right half

Hemming

Attach hemmerfoot
No. 93-847551 -00.
Stitch iength 1 5 to 2

oot.
fabricS,
To produce an elastic hem on soft
wioth, as
use zigzag stitches. Set the stitc
inst.cted on o. 25.

22

Cording is made with two neeole threads.


When threading toe reedles. make sure to
ead each thread between a separate cair
of tension discs
To wnder your oorong more prominent, in
sert a filler cord Select the twin needle
gauge and the size of the filler cord to suit
The type of mater al used. The thcker the
fabric the wider inc needle Qauge.

Use ordinary sewing foot


No. 93-838954-00.
or cording foot
and insert a twin needle whicr
can be obtained from your
sewing machine dealeri.

Ii

Stitch length: 1 5 to 2

Lace the filler coro through the hole in the


needle plate, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3.
Hold both needle threads lightly and rotate
:he balance wheel to draw up the coed n
thread.
The smalles distance between cording seams
made with tne ordinary sewing foot a abt.
+rncb).
6mm
For narrower cording, use one of the cordng
ect Listed below

T make different size oorc.ng. toe follow


ng twin needles and cording eeL can be
suoplied at extra cost.
Ti n

needes
1 6t
3 0 ano .,0 (

need e oistances of
2 5L
i.
2.01
mm.

or
.

93-847671-00
Tording foot No
grooves s used for neavy materials.

with

cording foot No. 93-847675-00 with 5 grooves


or medium-heavy fabrics, and
cording foot No. 93-847680-00 with 0 grooves
for ightweignt mater ala.

295/295-1/297-1

294/294-1/296-1
23

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Hem stitching
Use resr- ew sewing
No 93-100179-00
Stitcn length: 2 to 2 5

crj

Ot

I,

Use a reaa unic s not too heavy prer

eaciy a No 50 emoroioery threac; ann insert


a System 130 wi-Ho needle (obtainabie r
yo ir Paff-shop)
Make sure the needle and bobbin treads are
the same size. The threacina procedure s te
same as for cording worK. S ghtly increase
the needle thread tension.
The hemstitching effect is produced by th
ext Ning needle penetrating the fabric. Lrn
the fabr;c by nalf a turn ann sew the seconc
seam, guiding the material so that the wing
needle enters the needle noles t has made n
the fabric previously.

TM car orccuce a nice nemsttching effect


ou
along the -iemmed ecge of the facric see
Fig. 1) by guiding :ne material so that tne
irg needle ollows the hemline and the
ordinary needle stitches into the fabric close
to the nem.
Hemstitctr:ng erfec: octanect v;tr a stnch
width of2mm(
2
24

Zigzag stitching
Tura utiiity-strtch corttroi (5, ciock.vise unti
zgzag-sttcr sjmooi a opcosite te no5

To select te desired stitch width oush tne


sntb uiath oontroi to the et (g. 2)
ee naqe the anton woth sett;ng uniess
the needle 5 ojtsJe tOe rabric

3
The stitch length a regulated by turning the
stitch ength oon:Di. as lustrated aoove.

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Use ordinary sewing foot.


Stitch length: 2
Turn utility-stitch control (5)
to zigzag-stitch symbol.
To overcast the edges of light and mediumweight fabrics, set the machine for its maxi
mum stitch width.
Soft and flimsy fabrics are best overcast with
a zigzag stitch of medium width.
Make sure the needle takes one stitch into the
fabric and the other over its edge. This will
cover the fabric edge securely.

26

Press-open seams
Attach ordinary sewing foot.
Turn utility-stitch control (5) to
zigzag stitch symbol.
Set stitch length control bet
ween buttonhole symbol and
O.
Set stitch width control (18) on
narrow zigzag seam symbol.

Sew the two pieces of material together


with the machine set as indicated above.
Then press the seam open. This seam is
particularly well suited for stretch fabrics.
When sewing synthetic stretch fabrics, please
note the instructions given for regulating the
tension on p. 16.
27

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Regu ate the stitci


the monogram.

atn to su

u u

sewing

foot and drop the ma


Remove the
chine feed Attach the darning foot and
lower the presser bar lifter Insert a No. 70
needle and use No. 50 embroidering and
darning thread. Ease the needle thread
tension somewhat.
Trace the monogram on the fabric.
Let the needle stitch into the fabric at the
beginning of the design and craw the bob
bin thread up through the fabric Hold octh
thread ends and start your macnine.
Hold the fabric taut with
fabrics are best piaced
Slowly move the material
iithout turning c. ihiie
ing at hgn speed.

noth hands. F:msy


in darning hooos.
n writing direction.
the macn:ne s un

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Sewing Curtains

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IJ

Lti

Stitch length: 3
Use a thin needle isee Needle and Thread
Chart) and sew with straight or very narrow
zigzag stitches. Sew synthetic materials with
synthetic thread.
Hold syntretic materials a ittle taut while
sewing.
Ease the needle Thread tension somewhat.

I.

30

Button sewing

Changing the needle position


Some special sewing jobs are made with
the needle switched to the right or left of
.the needle plate slot. This is done cy moving
lever (19) to the right arid left, respectively.

Attach clear-view
179-00.

foot

No.

93-100

Flick the needle to its left position and drop


the machine feed.

ze

The needle position lever is indispensable


for sewing on buttons and sewing button
holes, for instance.

sewing

19

CPFAFFD

Turn utility-stitch control to zigzag symbol.


Raise the needle. Place fabric and button
under the foot so that the holes in the button
are visible through the needle slot in the foot.
Regulate the stitch width until the needle al
ternately stitches through both holes. Before
sewing on the button, rotate the balance
wheel to check the stitch width. If necesarry.
adjust. Sew on the button.
Move the stitch width control toward the
right (straight stitchi and make two or three
tying stitches.

( D
4-

C.D

c-z

t
Needle positions

left

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center

right

31

.se outtonnole too: to. 3-3i


6-DO or univorsai se.i
oot
No. O3-1OO19-OO
i5

Settings
Set
stitcning.

utifty-stoch

cOntrol

for

zigzag

lice be neecle positon ieier to the left


ng 2) ann put the st tch widTh control
in
notch R 1 iFig 3).

CPFAFFD
2

Stitch length setting

Set the sttcn density so that the threads


are packect olose together. Depending on the
thread size and the fabric weight, the button
hoie symbol in the stitch ength control must
be tured toward
or
Before you start to
5CW outtonholes. try one oLit on a Dice of
scrap nateriai.

To obtain more prominent buttonholes, use a


filler cord of medium size This Dord a oulted
througn the small nole n the left toe ot the
outtonnole foot or placed in the eft 3roove
of toe ufliversai sewing Thct.

32

-f-

R2

Ri

Sew the first seam over the filler cord.


When the buttonhole is the right length,
leave the needle n the fabric on the right
of its throw ii).

Push stitch i oth control 18) back to the


first notch R 1 ann sev the second button
hole seam, stooping about 1 mm ( . ) from
the end of the first seam.

L.ft the sewing foot. turn the fabr;c arourc


o ockwise by half a turn, using the needle
as a pivot. Place the tiller threac around the
needle and puil it forward nto the ett groove
of the sewing foot (2).

usn sttch vcth control 18) to tne seccoct


0
notch R 2 ano sew the second tack. sligntlv
holding the material to reduce the eflgt- ot
bar 5). FlicK toe stitcn ,vidth control all tne
way to the right and make 3 to 4 fastening
stitches.

Lower the foot and et the needle oescend


on the left of its throw 3).
Move stitch width control (18, to the seconc
notch R 2, make 4 to 6 bartack stitches,
slightly holding the material to reduce the
iength of oar iC).

Trim the threads and the filler cord (6).


Open the buttonhole wTh your seam rioper
whicn is nciucec n the accessory oox

1.

6
33

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means of utility-stitch control 5). Turn


this
control clockwise (as indicated by
arrows
until the symbol of the desired
stitch s
opposite the dot (see ill.).
The widtn of the utility-stitch pattern
is regu
lated by stitch width control (18). The
stitch
wdth recommended is indicated in
the in
structions for the respective utility-stitch
sewing operation.

Zigzag stitch
294, 294-1, 295. 295-1, 296-1 and 297-1

/\/\/ ,/\/\ /\

/i

/\/i/\

/\

/\/\

Zigzag stitching. edge finisni


ng, sewing Out
tonholes, applique work, etc.

Elastic stitch
294. 294-1. 295. 295-1, 296-1 and 297-1.

I\
/\
i\
IS
IS IS
IS
iS
IS iS IS IS IS
Fl/Sill
,illIillI
Ill/Ill
Ii
/1
I
/1
1/
II
5/
SI
Si
II
SI
SI I

Sewing on elastic, inserting patche


s, darning
rips and worn areas, and sewing terry
cloth

Blind stitch
294, 294-1 295, 295-1. 296-1 and 297-1
Blindstitching and shell edging.

Orna mental elastic stitch

296-1 and 297-1.

J\
I,-

I\
-

J\ J\ I\ l
,S
\T\/\/ \J \/ j\ _\! \

Sewing on elastic strands and


ornamental
stitching.

Shell-edge stitch
296-1 and 297-1.
-5<

Shell edging and reinforcing eages.

34

Blindstitching

Use bdindstitch sewing foot


No. 93-030539-45.

17

Basting seam
Fold

p
/

Set the utility-stitch control to the symbol for


blind-stitch sewing.
Set the needle at its right-hand position, and
the stitch length control at 3 to 4
Set the needle thread tension one number
lower.

Baste the hem at about I 2 cm


( ) from
the edge as shown in drawing 1
Fold the hem as shown in drawing 2 and
place the fabric under the sewing foot so
that the folded edge s guided by the guide
edge of toe foot (ill at right). Regulate the
sttch width so that the needle descending on
the left of its tnrow catches one fabric yarn
only.

piease note
On neavy woollen materials the hem is folded
once only see drawing 3) and its raw edge
is finisnea iith zigzag stitches before it is
hemmed.
35

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OO

Zi838

?4

Attach clear-view sewing foot


No. 93-100179-00 or ordinary sewing foot
No. 93-838954-00.
Turn utility-stitch control (5) to blind-stitch
symbol on models 294 to 295-i, or to shelledge stitch symbol on models 296-1 and
297-1.

Shell edging makes a nice trimming on lin


gerie or garments made of delicate, soft
fabrics ortricot.
Fold the fabric along the line which is to be
enhanced by shell edging. On models 296-1
and 297-1, place it under the sewing foot so
that it extends to the left of the needle. Sew
along the folded edge with the needle taking
the left stitch into the fabric and the right
stitch over its edge. As the threads are inter
locked outside the fabric, the fabric edge is
drawn inwardly, thus producing a shell edg
ing effect.

tends to the rigtit or toe neeaie rsee iii. at


bottom left), so that the needle takes the left
stitch over the fabric edge.

Stitch length: ito 2


Stitch width control (18):

Z\.
I

/7

36

Inserting patches with elastic stitch


Attach ordinary sewing foot.
Turn utility-stitch control (5) to
elastic-stitch symbol.
Stitch length: between 0 and
lower end of buttonhole symbol
Stitch width: maximum

1 1 t i; / 1
Il Y
t !t ,\
I_LL,L_ V_V_j,.
L
.-

Cut the patch a little larger than the damag


ed area and place it over the thin spot so
that its grain matches the rest of the fabric
Sew the patch down by stitching along its
edges. Turn the material over and trim
close to the seams
The seam which loins
fabric is highly elastic

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the patch

to

the

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(I)

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AitOC ordirary sewing root.


Turn uti ity-sttcn ontroI
to iastio-sttch srnhol

Turn

0db raw edges about


I
cm
to wrong side and oress Place both
pieces un tsr the needle iath iher clas
h
edges abutting. and sew them toge
ther
with an elastic-stitch seam so mat uoth
foldea edges are covered 1
see i
1
Tom
excess material on wrong side
2. If the fabriD as a urn selvaged edge.
the
edges need not he folded and oress
ed.
Simply olace oorh pieces under ftp
sew
ng foot with heir edges soutting and oin
them as instructed hove

Stith encth: Detween P and


ower aria or Duttonhole vmbol
StItD vidth naxmLrn

Mending hems

Apply the ordinary sewing foot.


Turn ,t,iity-sttcn contro 5) to
elast c-stitch svmnoi.
Stitch length: between 0 and
ower ed of buttonho simbo

Rip open the section of the hem seam


op
posite the damaged area. Take a oiece
of
suitabe material in the right size, fold
t on
the double and Dress Then insert this mccc
in the hem so that its folded edge s n
line
vith the folded edge of the oem.
Sew t down with elastic stitches overlaoping
the seams.

Stitch wdth maximum

.10

Sewing on elastic
ttacn the orDinary aewing toot.

Turn tilty-stitcn control (5


elastic-sticfl symboi
Stitcn length. oetweea 0 and
lower end of b ittonuloie symool

:he elastic on the faoric edge, stretching


with 00th hands, as illustratea Then sew
the stretcoed elastic down
La

it

Tne more you stretch the elastic the more the


ahrio will be gathered

Stitch t
oa
h
: maxrnum

,.c

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VAnS

Different utility stitches can be selected by


means of utility-stitch control 51 Trr thic
controi clockwse (as ndicateo by arrowsi
until the symbol of the des red stitch is
opposite the oot (See ill).

Elastic triple straight stitch


294, 295-1 296-1 and 297For seams exposed to great stress, e g. on
Ski pants elastic press-open seams.

The width of the utility-stitch pattern is req.


ated by stitcn width control 18). The stitoh
width recommended is indicated n tne n
structions for the respectiJe utility-stitch sew
ing operation. Turn stitch length control (11)
in the direction ndicated by an arrow until
it snaps in place with the red triple-stitch
symbol opposite the notch. (Fig 3).

Elastic triple zigzag stitch


294-1 295-1. 296-1 and 297-1

i,.

Elastic seams on foundation wear

Honeycomb stitch
294-1, 295-1, 296-1 and 297-1.
For sewing highly eiastic abrics: sewing o
elastic strands.
Pullover stitch
294-1, 295-1. 296-1 and 297-1

/\ /\

/\

/\

/\

,\

Eiastc seams for joining two pieces of fabric


and finishing their edges in one ooeration: for
knitted or crotcheted fabrics

Feather stitch
296-1 and 297-1
For inserting ace: for ornamental purposes
-1

Overlock stitch
2961 and 297-1
Special elastic seam to secure the fabric
edge stitches: for kn1tted or crotcheted fab
rics.

42

Elastic triple straight stitch


Models 294-1, 295-1, 296-1 and 297-1.

Elastic triple zigzag stitch


Models 294-1, 295-1, 296-1 and 297-1.

-4

Attach ordinary sewing foot.


22

I)

Turn utility-stitch controi (5) to


symbol of elastic triple straight
stitch
Turn stitch length control to red
triple-stitch symbol.
Flick stitch width control to
straight stitch oosition.

You need elastic straight-stitch seams (press


open seams) for all stretch fabrics, particular
ly if the seam is exposed to great stress (e.g.
on ski pants). Sew the elastic press-open
seam with the machine set as ndicated
above.

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Attach ordinary sewing foot.

Turn utility-stitch control (5) to


symbol of elastic triple zigzag
stitch.
Turn stitch length control to red
triple-stitch symbol.
Stitch width: maximum

The elastic triple zigzag seam is specially


suited for foundation garments requiring
seams which are both elastic and strong.
This stitch can be used to mend damaged
spots in the seams.

Honeycomb stitch
Models 294-1. 295-1 296-1 and 297-1.

fl

Use clear-view sewing foot.


Turn utiliW-stitch control 5 to
honeycomb-stitch symbol.
Turn stitch length control to red
triple-stitch symbol.
Stitch width, maximum,

It pays to replace worn ruober strancs on


knee-length stockings. socks and nightgowns
by sewing on new ones. Let the needle
stitch into the fabric. Pass the elastic strands
around the needle, lower the sewing foot. at
the same time placing the elastic strands nto
its grooves. Stretch the strands during sewing. The more you stretch the elastic strands
the more the fabric will be gathered.

4.
-

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..

Pullover stitch
Models 294-1. 295-1 296-1 and 297-1
3 954
l183
Affach ordina sewing foot.
Turn utili-stitch control 5)to
pullover-stitch symbol.
Turn stitch length control to red
triple-stitch symbol.
Stitch width. maximum

Place the pieces of fabric on top of each


other edge on edge. Sew along the edge so
that the needle takes the left stitch over it,

A.

Overlock stitch

Feather stitch

Models 296-1 and 297-1.


Attach ordinary sewing foot.
Turn utility-stitch control (5) to
overlock-stitch symbol.

.
.

Models 296-1 and 297-1.

Turn stitch length control to red


triple-stitch symbol.
Stitch

Wi

0th: maximum

Attach ordinary or clear-view


sewing foot.
Turn utility-stitch control (5) to
feather stitch.
Turn stitch length control to red
triole-stitch symbol.
Sttch width: maximum

The overlock stitch is ideally suitable for


oining Knitted or crotcheted fabrics. You ton
them and finish their edges in one operation.
The material extends to the left of the needle.

_,

You can Detain highly attractive ornamenta


effects with the feather stitch. This stitch s
also well suited as an ornamental stitch or
sewina on border strips or .ace.

Ornamental stitches
ttach clear-view sewing foot
No. 93-100179-00.

:,
r

::
/

..

F?
.

f.

,.

F;

.
F

Al! utility stitches can be used to make orna


mental seams. The illustration shows a num
ber of examples.
47

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the Wrn t to the


ot ta socket. nseh
oulb so :nat ts mrs slice into The 33
slots. Push the bulb n and turn 010 tr.e r01

Pcsn t oulo
then pci it

Changing the light bulb


Pci :re .ctiiity-St tc cnoo ooads cut m
macnine. moKing sure 1 s nor .vectgec

n a

Th reolace the :oo cover. hrst bong the ke


o ever :o One Dottom of its stroke aga n
Press against the cover at the ert so tOot Tn
tongue slips oroperly nto slot N of tne 0U5
i

ng.

Now replace the ut tystitch knob maR nb


sure ts stid enters the oorebO e oero r3
cularly see arrow n
at eft

Undo the wo screws 01 toe too cover and


bottom of ts
or ng the ake-up ever to
stroKe. Push n the hgnt switch and hold
men emove me ;ove o bOng t o
the eft.

Machine care
LDnqvit and smooth machine peformance
are decercent on regular o caning anc
proper oPg. Since Jour Paff seving ma
chine 955 oeen mace mm n an-grade
materials there is only the sewing hook
vhich has to oe cOca regularly

om ime to time, put a drop of cil


toe nook raceway see liristrat ons Delowl
Pfaff 294/294-1/296-1

Pfaff 295/295-1/297-1

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From me to time. clean tne parts in me


machne arm and in the vicinity of the sewing
hook vnn a soft Crush.
TO this end, remove the needle, the sewing
foot anc the Doobin case witn the boobin.

On Pfaff machines 295, 295-1 and 297-1


loosen the set screw, lift the front of the free
arm cover and puil the cover out lengthwise
of the arm (1 & 2).
Pfaff machines 294, 294-1 and 296-1 art
tIred back On oorable machines, loosen tne
screw on the bottom of the machine base ano
tilt the nacnine back cauto.s;

a
2

Trouble shooting

//her ocerated orcoerly


cn

cc

Nil

/0r sewno ma
ardly ceveico any roucie

Dease mmencer -D restore e or-nai atPc a--er iou rate :cmo ate:
-Dro.a sewrq or carp _c.
nstarDa DI
curc me Smcn a : corc arc -nfl mc
--a
m-st.:cn tcc:rc o s:raiD: atm- -no,
K,CC tm
-a -eec a ccso- c/er to -s tam-a.
OOSitimc taisflg e 3cPra mao arc
me sflo -argtr :on:rc
-

trouc e tnouCc. r

;neci< tne oIlowinc

-e eecie must -ot be


must cc nser:ei correctly

carnaged

Seect ma correct -cede nd


me leecte arc -aac oam
-raber -s
rec:heacec orm-mc: v

,se c- i n::p-race
sewvg si.

atecie

arc

brsat

as

cee

acr cc -nreac

Oecs
tee ma: me :cccn case as
ceer rseec .correc:iy
Both :e-sos mus cc oaancec correctly
-crce me eeding
cc the materal i3ntly

Soc

mot;on.

mere /

0 can arc oil me macnine as nstructed.

tlake sure mere are no o aces or threao


aecgea cerween
be terson Discs
Th
rerm at :rem. Du
a narrow sorc str,c
Detree -ha tensor d scs

Vase

aura

mc. :n-s:rcn

cortrci

-as

The Pfaff rotary hook will not normally


jam, even if the machine should be han
dled improperly.
If thread should happen to jam in the
hook raceway, it is sufficient to put a
drop of oil into the raceway. jerk the
balance wheel back and then rock it
back and forth, without applying force,

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Contents

Page
Foreword
Parts of the Pfaff 294-1 and 296l
Parts of the Pfaff 295. 295-1 and 297-1
Preparing your machine for sewing
Switching on the sewlight
Foot control
Motor engaging mechanism
Removing the bobbin case
Engaging and disengaging
the sewing mechanism
Winding the bobbin
Inserting the ooboin
Inserting the bobbin case
Workolate of the
Pfaff 295, 295-1 and 297-1
Workplate of the
Pfaff 294. 294-1 and 297-1
Upper threading
Raising and lowering the sewing foot
Drawing up the boboin thread
Fundamentals of machine operation
Straight stitching
Regulating the stitch length
Reverse sewing
Lgzag setting
Tenson regulation
Changing the needle
Changing the sewing foot
Darning
Dropping the machine feed
Zipper insertiOn
Fiatfeliedseams
Duiltog
Hemming
.

Cording
Hemstitching
Zgzag stitching
Overcasting edges
Press-open seams
Inserting ace
Applique work
Monogram embroidery
Sewing curtains
Changing the needle position
Button sewing
Sewing buttonholes
Utility-stitch seams sewn forwards
Blindstitching
Shell edgng
Inserting patches
Stitchingterrycloth
Darning rips
Butt seaming
Mending hems
Sewing on elastic
Utility-stitch seams sewn backwards
Elastic triple straight stitch
Elastic triple zigzag stitch
Honeycomb stitch
Pullover stitch
Overlock stitch
Feather stitch
Ornamental stitches
Changing the light bulb
Removing the face cover
Macf-inc care
Clean ng
Trouble shooting
.

10
11
12
12
13
14
14
15
15
16
17
17
18
18
20
2
21
22

52

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