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# Student Name:_______________________________________ Section # __________ Student ID: _____________

RYERSON UNIVERSITY
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
MEC309
Basic Thermodynamics
Mid-term Test
Tuesday, February 10, 2009
2:10 to 4:00pm
Examiner: Dr. Alan Fung
Associate Examiner: Dr. W.H. Leong
1) All questions are to be answered. All answers will be written within this test booklet. You
can use both sides of the page if you need to. If you really need to, ask for the exam booklet.
2) Students are allowed to have 1) official textbook, 2) one page (can be two-sided) letter-sized
formula sheet but NO solved problem is allowed, 3) stationery (pen, pencil, eraser, ruler),
and 4) a calculator. There should be NO other materials including cell phone, computer,
PDA, communication device, etc with the students. All personal belongings should be in
bags and stowed away in the designated area.
3) Please make sure you present your solution in a clear, proper and methodological way (the 6
steps) that is required by this course, otherwise, marks will be deducted even if you get the
4) Make sure you write down your name, section #, and student ID in every page of this test and
exam booklet.
5) All questions should be clear enough to conduct the analysis. There should be no reason for
you to ask question. Your TAs do not know anything about the exam and they will not
6) You are required to follow ALL the exam requirements and procedures set out by Ryerson
University in addition to the requirements listed above.
Question #1 (30%):
Gas in a piston-cylinder assembly undergoes two processes in series. From state 1 to state 2 there
is energy transfer by heat to the gas with a magnitude of 500 kJ, and the gas does work on the
piston with a magnitude of 800 kJ. The second process, from state 2 to state 3, is a constantpressure compression at 400 kPa during which there is a heat transfer from the gas with a
magnitude of 450 kJ. The following data are also known: U1 = 2000 kJ and U3 = 3500 kJ.
Neglecting changes in kinetic and potential energy, calculate the change in volume of the gas
during process 2-3, in m3. Make sure you have proper schematics and other diagrams to illustrate
the processes.
Solution:

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## Student Name:_______________________________________ Section # __________ Student ID: _____________

Question #2 (40%):
A rigid, well insulated tank contains 3 kg of a two-phase liquid-vapor
mixture of water, initially at 200 kPa with a quality of 84%. A paddle
wheel stirs the mixture until only saturated vapor remains in the tank.
For the water, determine the amount of energy transferred by work,
in kJ. Draw a T-v diagram (no need to be in scale) of the entire
process.

3 kg liquid-vapor of H2O
initially at
200kPa & x=84%

Solution:

Work

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## Student Name:_______________________________________ Section # __________ Student ID: _____________

Question #3 (30%):
A gas undergoes a thermodynamic cycle consisting of three processes beginning at an initial
state where P1 = 1 bar, 1 = 1.5 m3, and U1 = 512 kJ. The processes are as follows:
Process 1-2: Compression with P =constant to P2 = 2 bar, U2 = 690 kJ
Process 2-3: W2-3 = 0, Q2-3 = -150 kJ
Process 3-1: W3-1 = +50 kJ
There are no significant changes in kinetic or potential energy. Determine the heat transfer Q1-2
and Q3-1, each in kJ. Please make sure you draw the necessary schematics to illustrate the
processes and the whole cycle. For each process and for the whole cycle identify the work, W,
and heat transfer, Q.
Solution:

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