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PROGRAMMABLE COLLEGE AUTO BELL SYSTEM

1. Abstract
2. Block Diagram
3. Flow Chart

1. ABSTRACT:

Today solar panels and PV cells have become very popular and in the near future we would

possibly see everyone of us using it in some or the other way. The streets lights are generally required to be on
only during the night (at least most part of the world). Hence one may charge a re-chargeable battery for about
10-12 hours during day time and use the charge during night for lighting the street lamp. In some seasons the
light may be available certain times due to clouds and hence need to tack the sun for securing full charge when
needed. The will help using some charge even during day time, particularly cloudy times. One solution is
tracking the sun based on the light intensity. However as the sun movement is clearly known with respect to
real time, the direction change of solar panel could be as per the time of the day.
It may be assessed that we may require a maximum of 40 watt power source per street light. An LDR can be
employed to distinguish between day and night. Since the solar output varies with the sun light intensity a
stabilizing circuit is employed so the charging current is regulated also to see that over charging is avoided. A
Ingress protection IP54 is employed to protect the electronics from the environmental effects.
The firmware in the controller stores the time table with timings, holidays, etc. ACCORDINGLY THE processor
activates the alarm for a programmed period of time. The timings can be changed through an interactive
program, connecting this processor through serial port to a computer. The display can be used for multiple
purposes.
Since the system is powered through Solar panel, it does not depend on the availability of power.
Charger/Controller Specification:
Input: 32 volts from a solar panel specified with around 32 volts open circuit voltage, and short circuit current
of 5 to 7 Amps.
Output: Max. 14.3 volts, current limited to 4.4 Amps
Battery Full - Cut OFF at 13.98 volts (set by Potentiometer).
To Computer through
Low Battery - Cut OFF at 11.04 volts (set by Potentiometer).

Serial port

2. BLOCK DIAGRAM
Real time

Angle Resolve

Motor Control

Solar Panel

Display

Regulator

Micro
processor

Constant Charging
with switch

Battery

Bell

3. FLOW CHART
Reset

Initialise
Send Sync data to
serial port
Continue Serial
Start delay

Data on
Serial Port

Y
Attend Serial port

N
Display No Ser Data
Ret From Serial
N

Delay over
Y
Display Real Time
Delay
Display Nxt Bell

Bell Time
Y
Put On Bell
Start delay
N
Delay over
Y
Put OFF Bell

Attend Serial Port

Receive Command

END
Command

N
Decode the
command
Execute the Command
Send Ack of Exec
Continue Serial

LIST OF COMMANDS
1. SET <DD:MM:YYYY> Holiday
2. SET <DATES><MONTH> HOLIDAYS
3. DEL <DATE> Holiday
4. SET <No> Hour start <HH:MM>
5. DEL TIMES
6. SET from <DD:MM:YYYY> to <DD:MM:YYYY> Holidays
7. DEL ALL DATA
8. SET DATE
9. SET TIME
10.

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