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# UTILISATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY

QUESTION BANK
UNIT - I
1. Explain the working of high pressure mercury vapour lamp with neat sketch. Give few its
applications.(11)
2. A lamp giving out 1200 lumens in all directions is suspended 8 m above the working
plane. Calculate illumination at a point on the working plane 6 m away from the foot of the
lamp.(6)
3. Discuss the factors to be considered for good lighting.(5)
4. Explain the various schemes of factory lighting.(5)
5. With neat diagram. Explain how the different lighting is implemented.(7)
6. List the various types of lighting schemes? Also mention its applications and
limitations.(5)
7. A shop floor space of an Engineering industry is to be illuminated with a light level of 150
lux with the 250 watts Metal Halide lamps. The co-efficient of utilization is 0.6 and
depreciation factor is 1.25. Calculate the number of lams required? The luminous efficiency
of the Metal Halide lamps is 110 Lumens per watts.(6)
8. Specify the types of lamps suitable for factory lighting? Also specify the factors to be
considered, while designing lighting system for factory lighting?(7)
9. What are the factors to be taken care, while planning illumination systems?(4)
10. With the neat sketch explain how the different lighting are implemented(7)
11. Describe the design of commercial illumination.(4)
12. Describe the polar curves of different types of sources.(6)
13. Describe the design of commercial illumination.(4)
14. Describe the design of residential illumination.(6)
15. Explain the various schemes of flood lighting.(6)
16. A lamp of 300 C.P. is place 1.5m below a reflecting plane mirror surface, which reflects
70% of the light falling on it. Find the illumination at a point 4m away from the foot of the
lamp hung 6m above the ground.(11)
17. Explain with the help of diagrams, how the MSP and MHCP can be found from a vertical
polar curve by Rousseaus construction.(11)

UNIT- II
1. A piece of an insulating material 2cm thick and 120
in area is to be heated by dielectric
heating.The material has permittivity of 5 and power factor 0.05. The power at 600V is
200 watts. Determine the frequency of supply(11)
2. Discuss the various types of electric welding with the help of neat diagrams.(11)
3. Describe construction and operation of a direct electric arc furnace. Give an arrangement
of power supply and explain the methods of controlling furnace temperature.(11)
4. Describe butt welding and its various applications.(5)
5. What do u mean by resistance welding? How does it differ from spot welding?(6)
6. Explain the process of dielectric heating. Also specify its applications?(6)
7. Four resistance each of 100 ohms are used in a resistance oven. Calculate the power drawn
from 230V single phase AC supply, when the elements are connected in (i) series and
(ii) parallel.(5)
8. Explain the arc welding process with a schematic diagram.(6)
9. Explain the operation of induction furnace? Also specify the limitations on the
applications aspects.(6)
10. With necessary diagram and derivation explain the process of heating.(6)
11. Explain in detail any one method of electrochemical process of electric heating.(6)
12. What is meant by dielectric heating? Explain any one method of dielectric heating.(7)
13. Explain in detail the metallic arc welding.(6)
14. Explain any one of arc furnaces(5)
15. Enumerate the difference between inductance and resistance arc furnaces.(4)
16. What is mean by dielectric heating ? Explain any one method of dielectric heating.(6)
17. Explain in detail any one of electric heating.(4)

UNIT- III
1. What are the methods of improving the power factor of a system?(5)
2. The load in a factory is 750 kW at .8 pf lagging. The plant is to be expanded by adding
149.2 kW synchronous motor of 85% efficiency and working at a leading p.f., such that
the overall p.f. will be 0.95 lagging. What would be the KVA rating of the motor?(6)
3. What is an electric drive? What are its advantages?(4)
4. Compare a group drive and an individual drive.(5)
5. For selecting a drive what are the various factors to be taken into account?(4)
6. What type of drive is being used in modern day industry, a group drive or an individual
drive? Discuss the advantage of one over the other.(7)
7. Compare the starting and running characteristics of D.C. shunt motor and induction
motor.(5)
8. A motor driving a colliery winding has the following load cycle.
Accelerating period

0-15 sec

0-1000 HP

## Full speed period

15-85 sec

600 HP

Decelerating period

85-95 sec

Decking period

## 95-120 Sec motor stationary.

Estimate the size of continuously rated motor suitable for above load cycle.(11)
9. A motor driving a mixer equipment has to deliver a load rising uniformly from zero to
maximum of 300 HP in 30 sec during the acceleration period, loaded to 200 HP for 40 sec
during the full load period and during the deceleration period of 20 sec, when regenerative
braking is taking place, the horse power returned to supply falls from 150 HP to 0. This
cycle repeats after an interval of 30 sec. Estimate the Horse power rating of the motor?(11)
10. Distinguish among the continuous rating, short time rating and intermittent rating.(5)
11. What are the causes of low power factor? Specify the methods to improve power
factor?(6)
12. Explain in detail any one method of advanced speed control measures used.(6)
13. With suitable diagram explain starting and running characteristics of electric motors.(7)
14. Explain the selection of motor for various application.(4)
15. Distinguish the group drive and individual drive.(5)
16. Explain the concept energy efficient drives.(5)
17. Distinguish between battery vehicles and energy efficient vehicles.(5)

18. Explain in detail any one method of advanced speed control measure used.(6)
19. With suitable diagram explain the starting and running characteristics of electric
motors.(6)
UNIT IV
1. State the principle of regenerative braking. Explain regenerative braking in respect of
a) DC motors
b) Synchronous motors
c) Induction motors(11)
2. Two 600V DC series motor are started by series parallel control. Each motor takes 500 A,
during starting time of 20 sec and has 0.1 resistance. Calculate the starting efficiency.(7)
3. Derive an expression for tractive effort for propulsion of a train up and down a gradient.(7)
4. What is meant by regenerative breaking?(5)
5. Discus the advantages of series parallel control of starting traction motors. Prove that the
overall starting efficiency is 66.67% with two motors.(6)
6. Discuss the various factors affecting scheduled speed ?(5)
7. Draw and explain the detailed speed time curve of mainline traction system?(5)
8. An electric traction has a schedule speed of 25 Km/h, between stations of 1800 meter
apart. The duration of station stop is 30 Sec, the maximum speed is 20% higher than the
average speed and braking retardation is 25 Km/h/s. Calculate the rate of acceleration
required to operate this service? Assume simplified torque curve?(7)
9. Explain the speed time characteristics of traction system.(5)
10. Explain the series and parallel control DC motor.(5)
11. Write short notes on tramways and trolley bus.(4)
12. Explain recent trend followed in AC traction.(4)
13. Explain the various method of electrical breaking.(5)
14. Explain the recent trend followed in ACT traction.(5)

UNIT -V
1. Define the laws of electrolysis. Discuss the factors that are determined to select an
electrolyte for carrying out electroplating.(11)
2. Explain the working of Nickel-Cadmium battery. And state the merits of this battery over
other batteries.(11)
3. A refining plant employs 600 cells for copper refining. A current of 4000 amperes is used
and the voltage per cell is 0.3V. If the plant is worked for 90 hours, in a week, determine
the annual output of refined copper and the energy consumption in KWh/Ton, the
electrochemical equivalent of copper is 1.1844 Kg per 1000 Ahr.(11)
4. Explain in detail any one type of battery chargers. Draw schematic diagram showing all the
components of the charger.(11)
5. What are the factors governing electro deposition process?(6)
6. State and explain the Faradays laws of electrolysis.(4)
7. A rectangular plate 30 cm 10 cm size is to be coated with nickel with a layer of 0.1 mm
thick. Determine the quality of electricity in ampere hour and the time taken for the
process. The current density is 180 Ampere/square meter and current efficiency is 75%.
The specific gravity of nickel is 8.9 grams/cubic centimeter.(11)
8. With a neat diagram explain the process of electroplating.(7)
9. Explain in detail any one method of charging batteries.(4)
10. What is meant by risk analysis? Explain in detail.(5)
11. Discuss in detail the energy auditing with necessary explanation.(6)
12. Illustrate the energy costing with necessary diagrams and explanation.(6)
13. Describe in detail the energy conservation industries.(5)
14. Explain the charging and maintenance of Ni-cadmium batteries.(7)
15. With a neat diagram explain the process of electroplating. (6)