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MatrikNo:

-1 Universit Malaysia FAHANG

Engineerin

rechiooçy . CreHivy

FACULTY OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

COURSE

COURSE CODE

LECTURER

DATE

DURATION

SESSION/SEMESTER

PROGRAMME CODE

FINAL EXAMINATION

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

HEAT TRANSFER

BFF3203

ASSOC. PROF. DR ABDUL AZIZ JAAFAR

18 JUNE 2014

3 HOURS

SESSION 2013/2014 SEMESTER II

BFF/BFM

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:

(a)

Answer ONLY FOUR (4) Questions

(b)

Answers these questions in this Examination paper.

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS:

NIL

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of TWENTY (20) printed pages including front page.

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

QUESTION 1 (25 MARKS) A transparent film is to be bonded onto the top surface of a solid plate inside a heated chamber.

For the bond to cure properly, a temperature of 70°C is to be maintained at the bond. The

transparent film has a thickness of 1 mm and thermal conductivity 0.05 W/mK, while the solid

plate is 13 mm thick and has thermal conductivity of 1.2 W/mK

I mm II

Aft. It 70 \V/rn2K

-

'1Itt plate k 1.2 W/m'K

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

Frer.preffl film

()j15 \WuiK

70°(

52°C

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

coordinate system, heat transfer system)

(5 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 31 411/BFF3203

If the bottom surface of the solid plate is maintained at 52 °C and the convection heat transfer

coefficient on the transparent film is 70 W/m2K, determine the inside temperature of the chamber

and the surface temperatures of the film.

(15 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

QUESTION 2 (25 MARKS) In a manufacturing process, a heated 6mm-thick Pyroceram plate is being cooled in a room with

air temperature of 25 °C and convection heat transfer of 13.3 W1m2 T. The heated Pyroceram

plate had an initial temperature of 500 °C, and is allowed to cool for 286 s.

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

coordinate system, heat transfer system).

(5 marks)

4

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

The factory management is decided to replace the existing cooling process with an alternative

cooling equipment, estimate the minimum power requirement of this equipment if the mass of

Pyroceram plate is 10kg.

(15 marks)

5

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/8FF3203

QUESTION 3 (25 MARKS) A 6 cm diameter shaft rotates at 3000 revolutions per minute in a 20 cm long bearing with a uniform clearance of 0.2 mm. At steady operating conditions, both the bearing and the shaft in the vicinity of the oil gap are at 50 °C, and the viscosity and thermal conductivity of the

lubricating oil are 0.05 N.sIm 2 and 0.17 W/m K.

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

coordinate system, heat transfer system).

(5 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM!131 4IIIBFF32O3

Determine:

a) The maximum temperature of the lubricating oil and the rates of heat transfer to the bearing

and the shaft

(8 marks)

b) The mechanical power wasted by viscous dissipation in the oil

(7 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/BFF3203

QUESTION 4(25 MARKS) An aluminum plate of 25 mm thickness is attached on a copper plate with thickness of 100 mm. The copper plate is heated electrically to dissipate a uniform heat flux of 5300 W/m 2. The upper surface of the aluminum plate is exposed to convection heat transfer in a condition such that the

convection heat transfer coefficient is 67 W/m 2K and the surrounding room temperature is 20 T. Other surfaces of the attached plates are insulated such that heat only dissipates through the upper

surface of the aluminum plate.

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

coordinate system, heat transfer system)

(5 marks)

8

BFF/BFMI13I 411/BFF3203

Determine the thermal contact conductance of the aluminum/copper interface if the surface of the

copper plate that is attached to the aluminum plate has a temperature of 100 T.

(15 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/13 1 411/BFF3203

QUESTION 5 (25 MARKS) A' large cast iron container with 4 cm thick walls is initially at a uniform temperature of 0 °C and is filled with ice at 0 T. The container is then exposed to hot water at 55 °C and the ice starts melting when its temperature rises to 0.1 °C.

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

coordinate system, heat transfer system)

(5 marks)

10

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF!BFM/131 411/BFF3203

Determine:

a) How long it will be before the ice inside the container starts melting if the heat transfer

coefficient on the outer surfaces of the container walls is very large.

11

(8 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 31 411/BFF3203

b) The rate of heat transfer to the ice through 1.2 in wide and 2 m high section of the container wall when steady operating conditions are reached if it is assumed that the heat transfer

coefficient on the inner surface is 250 W/m2 °C

12

(7 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/BFF3203

QUESTION 6 (25 MARKS) An electronic device dissipating 18 W has a mass of 20 g, a specific heat of 850 J/kgK, and a surface area of 4 cm2. The device is lightly used, and it is ON for 5 min and then OFF for several

hours, during which it cools to the ambient temperature of 25 °C

List all the engineering assumptions to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

coordinate system, heat transfer system)

(5 marks)

13

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/13 1 411/BFF3203

Determine:

a) The temperature of the device at the end of the 5 min operating period, if the heat transfer

coefficient is taken to be 12 W/m 2 K.

14

(8 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 31 411!BFF3203

b) The temperature of the device at the end of the 5 min operating period, if the device was attached to an aluminum heat sink having a mass of 200 g and a surface area of 80 cm and

the heat transfer coefficient is taken to be 12 W/m 2 K.

(7 marks)

END OF EXAMINATION PAPER

15

CONFIDENTIAL

APPENDIX

Table 1 : Thermal oronerties of air

Air temperature

40°C

Thermal

conductivity

(W/m2K)

0.02735

Density

(kg/rn3)

1.092

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

Specific

heat at

Dynamic

constant

viscosity

pressure

 

(x iO

Pa.$)

(J/kgK)

1007

3.261

Table 2: Thermal properties of solid substances at 300K

Substances

stainless steel

AISI 304

silver

aluminum

copper

Cast iron

Pyroceram

Thermal

conductivity

(W/m2K)

14.9

429

235

401

80.2

3.98

Densit1'

Specific heat at constant pressure

(kg/rn)

(J/kgK)

7900

477

10500

235

2770

875

8933

385

7870

447

2600

808

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BF'M/131 4111BFF3203

Transient temperature distribution in a semi infinite wall due to a prescribed boundary conditions

Specified Sufiice 1inp.eraru re, J = constant:

iIx.t)—T,.

T x

Ti

CIIL

x

J

anti

q(r) =

Spcc!ted Sui:fnee Heat Flux. € = constant:

:j4at

(

T( 1) —J=—-f-----L,c1i -------1 - terf(1

k:v iT

'

4aj/

x2\

Cünvectinn on th

Y(x.z)—T1

q.t)

erki (

x

\

\2 \/t1

--- T(O, 1)1:

(kx h 2ar

\ k

k

X erfcV-. at

(2 x

k

Sufaee, e = co,1an t:

T(x, t) -

kVji

Where all symbols take the same physical descriptions taught in the course

17

CONFIDENTIAL

13FF/13FM!1 31 4H1BFF3203

Table 3 : Complementary Error Function Table

Complementary Error FuntIon Table

_Th_

erk()

Yj

erfr(V)

YJ

erfr(1)

YJ

 

0

1000300

0.5

0.1795OC

I

015729)

1,5

Q.c?t

0.9B717

O.!iI

0.1707556

1.021

0.15310

1. 51

002

0.077435

032

0 1E2101

1.02

0101E2

-

o.

i.o

1.53

 

o.c'i

0.054880

0.1

0.445001.

1.04

0.11 130

1.54

0.05

O.MW528

0.55

0A3,6677

1.05

0.1.7G.1

155

0.06

0.0237.8

0.5

0.28,381

1.00

0.1338LC

1.S

0.07 .

0.921142

0.57

0.420184

1.07

0.1 :30227

157

0.05

0.902922

0.58

0.412077

I.M .

0.120674

1.66

0.00

0.859719

056

0404001

1.02

0.123107

1.60

0.1

0.887537

0.6

0.396141

1.1

0.1 19795

11

011

0.876377

0.61

0.358319

1.11

0.116467

1.61

0.12

0.885242

0.62

0.380589

1.12

0.113212

1.62

0.13

0.854133

0.63

0.372054

1.13

0.110020

1.63

0.14

0.843053

0.64

0.365411

1.14

0.106918

1.64

0.15

0.833004

0.55

0,357071;

1.15

0.103876

1.85

0.16

0.820088

0.56

0.350623

1.16

0.100901

1.813

0.17

0.810308

0.67

03.13372

1.1:7

0.098000

1.67

0.16

0.799064

0.68

0.338218

1.1.8

0.045163

1.66

0.19

0.758160

0.60

0.320160

1.19

0.022392

1.60

0.2

0.777207

0.7

0.322199

1.2

0.080026

1.7

0.21.

03564.78

0.71

0.315335

1.21

0.097045

1.71

0.22

0.755704

0.72

0.308567

1.22

0.084468

1.72

0.23

0.741077'

0.73

0.301896

1.2.3

0.081050

1.73

0.24

0.734300

0.71

0.295322

1.24

0.0704951.74

0.25

0.723674

07-5

0.258845

1.2.5

0.077100

1.75

0.25

0.713100

0.76

0.252463

126

0,074751

1143

0.27

0.702582

0.77

0.276179

1.27

0.072426

'117

0.25

02692120

0.78

0.269900

1.28

0.070256

138

0.20

0661717

0.70'

0.203807

110

0.0138101

'1.70

0.3

0:671373

0.8

0.267804

1.3

0.065944

149

0.31

0.661002

0.61

0.251907

1.31

0.003937

1.81

0.32

0.650874

0.52

0.246184

'1.32

04361035

1.82

0.33

0.610721

0.63

0240476

1.33

0.050985

1.83

0.34

0:630635

0.84

0.23.4857

1.34

0.058086

'1.84

0.35

0.820618

0.85

0.229332

1.35

0.056236

1.85

0.36

0.610670

0.60

0.223900

1.36

0.054434

1.86

0.37

0.600704

0.87

0.216500

1.37

0.052688

1.87

0.36

0.540901

0.88

0.213313

1.3.8

0.050051

1.66

0.30

0.581261

0.89

0.2081.57

1.39

0.040327

1.84

0.4

0.571608

0.9

0203092

11.1

01)47715

1.0

0.41

0.562031

0.91

0.146117

1.11

0.016148

1.91

0.42

0:552532

0.92

0.143232

1.42

0.014624

1.92

0.43

0.54311.3

0.53

0.188437

1.4.3

0.043143

1.43

0.44

0.533778

0.94

0183724.

1.44

0.041703

1-94

0.45

0.524518

0.55

0.179100

1.45

0.040306

1.95

0.46

0.515345

0.96

0.174076

1.41,3

0.038046

1.46

0.47

0.500255

0.97

0170120

1.17

0.037627

1.97

0.45

0,497250

0.98

0.165704

1.49

0.536116

'1.98

0.491

0.488332

0.96

0.161 402

'1.19

01)35102

1.40

 

18

erfc()

 

_

0.338

2

0.032723

201

Q357

0A30484

2.03

0.020414

.2.04

0.028377

2.0

0.027372

2.06

0.020307

2.07

0.025463

2.08

0.024035

2.09

0.022052

2.1

0.02270

2.11

0.021062

2.12

0.021157

2.13

0.020376

214

0.019624

2.15

0.018805

116

0.018153

2.17

0.017507

2.18

0.010847

2.19

0.016210

.2.2

0.01559.3

2.21

0:014097

2.22

0.014422

2.23

0.013865

2.24

0.013328

2.25

0.01.2810

2.26

0.012302

2.27

0.011826

2.2.8

0.011350

.2.20

0.010002

2.3

0.010475

221

0.010057

2.32

0.039053

2.33

0.000264

224

0.008881)

2:35

0.008528

2.36

0.008170

2.37

0.0378441

2.38

0.007521

2.30

0.007210

.2.4

0.036010

2.41

0.006622

2.42

0.000344

2.43

&GOGG77

2.44

0.005821

2.45

0.035074

2.10

0.030335

.2.47

0.005109

2.48

0.004869

2.40

cife(Yi

0.00467 B

0.004175

:000421

:UC0404

0O03914

0.00374,2

000377

0.003418

0.003202

0.003120

0.002479

:00045

0,002716

0.002653

0,002175

0.002361

0.002253

0.0021i9

0.002019

0.001454

0.001863

0.001776

0.001692

0.001612

'0.001536

0.001463

0.001303

0.001326

0-00 12.622

0.001201

'0.001113

0.001058

0.001 a-114

:0,000454

0.000435

0.000889

'0.000645

0.000603

0.000763

0.000725

0.000650

0.000654

0.000921

10.000589

'0.000559

'0.000531

0.000503

'0.000477

0.000153

'0.00042.0

YJ

I

erTh(I)

J!

erfr(ti)

23

0.000407

3

0.000022thI

251

0003B6

3.01

0.00002.074

2.152

OM0365

3.02

0-0000117

.253

0.00346

3.03

0.00001827

254

0000328

3.434

0.00001714

01100211

30S

10.00001&38

2.56

QQ4

306

M0001 9,18

2.67

0.000278

3.07

0.00001 .114.

2.66

0.000264

3.03

'0.00001320

2159

0.000249

3.09

0.00001213

2.6

0.000236

3.1

0.00001165

.2.61

0.000223

3.11

0,00001092

2.62

0.000211

3.12

0.00001023

2.63

0.000200

313

000003958

2.134

0.000180

3.14

0.00000607

.2.65

0.00017.8

3.15

000000340

2.136

0.000169

116

0.00000786

2.67

0.000159

3.17

0.00000736

2.138

0.0001.51

118

'0.000001390

.2150

0.000i12

3.19

0.00000614

2.7

0.000134

3.2

0000006433

231

0.000127

3.2,1

0.00000504

2,72

0.000120

3.22

0.00000527

2.73

0.000113

3.23

0.00000102

2.74

0.000107

3.24

0.00060460

2.75

0.000101

3.25

0.00000430

2.78

0.000096

3.26

0.00000402

2.77

0.000000

3.27

0.00000376

2.78

0.000384

3.28

0.00000351

.239

0.000090

3.29

0.00000328

2.8

0.000075

3.3

0:00000306

.2.81

0.000071

3.31

'0,00000280

2.82

&000067

3.32

0.00000202

2.83

0.006003

3.33

0.00000245

2.84

0.000059

3.34

'0:00000232

2.85

0.000056

3.35

0.00000216

2.86

0.000052

136

0:00000.202

.2.87

0.000019

3.37

0,0.0000188

2.88

0.000040

338

0.00000170

2.89

0.000014

3.34

0.00000163

2.0

0.000041

3.4

0.000001.52

.2.01

0.000039

341

0,00000142

.2.92

0.000036

342

0,00000132

2.93.

0.000034

3143

0.00000123

2.94

0.000032

341

'0.00000110

2.45

0.000030

3.45

'0.00000107

.2.98

0.000028

345

0.00000009

2.9.7

0.000027

3.47

0.00000092

2.98

0.000025

3.48

0.00000096

.2.49

0.000024 1 3149

'0.00000080

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/BFF3203

Table 4: Convection Heat transfer Characteritics for a'Large Plate : Flow and Thermal Properties during Transient Conditions

I

I'

r

I

() T- T

)

119

08

0.7

0,6

0.5

0.4

03

0.2

0.1.

0

0.01

l[ILl 1t

0.1

I

Lii

10

Temperature Distribution in a plane wall

100

4.

;';1,

One term approximation for

by A1

19

BI

ii

I

given

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFMI1314II/BFF3203

Thermal Characteristics in Transient Conduction Heat Transfer Through Plates

I

0.04

c. (

0.01

0.0(17

0_ 005

Oi)I)3

T.1

I.,

.

.

zS Iii

14

] S

72

26

0

T (X1/i

50

U

100 110

.lij

300 .OYJ

Heisler Chart for mid-plane temperature of a plane wall

Q

Qrhix

I 10

0.9

0.8

(1.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

03

(12

0.1

0

101

iO

10

1O

I.0'

Birh

2

1

ar/k

10

1U

Grober chart for a plane wall

20