43 vues

Transféré par Lan Nguyen

AMC 10 năm 2015

- non.pdf for kids
- maths ebook ssc
- Geo Spring Toolkit
- good qtns
- Passport 2
- A Review of Geometry
- Geometry
- 2
- PythagTheorem
- Summer Package 2015
- Trigo Hand Out 111111
- ELMO 2014 Solutions
- midterm-2018
- GRE Quant
- 9 Point Circle
- Second Order Linear Equations - A Prelude to Higher Order Linear Equations a Historical Approach
- a stanczyk student teaching unit15
- 2__August_2015_-_ANSWERS(1)
- ggk-technologies-placement-papers-Aptitude.pdf
- Absolute Value in Equations and Inequalities

Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

title=AMC_10_Problems_and_Solutions

2015: AMC 10A

Problem 1

What is the value of

Problem 2

A box contains a collection of triangular and square tiles. There are

edges total. How many square tiles are there in the box?

Problem 3

Ann made a 3-step staircase using 18 toothpicks as shown in the figure. How many toothpicks does

she need to add to complete a 5-step staircase?

Problem 4

Pablo, Sofia, and Mia got some candy eggs at a party. Pablo had three times as many eggs as Sofia,

and Sofia had twice as many eggs as Mia. Pablo decides to give some of his eggs to Sofia and Mia

so that all three will have the same number of eggs. What fraction of his eggs should Pablo give to

Sofia?

Problem 5

Mr. Patrick teaches math to

students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded

everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was . After he graded Payton's

test, the test average became . What was Payton's score on the test?

Problem 6

The sum of two positive numbers is

the smaller number?

Problem 7

How many terms are there in the arithmetic sequence

Problem 8

, . . .,

Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four

times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be : ?

Problem 9

Two right circular cylinders have the same volume. The radius of the second cylinder is

more

than the radius of the first. What is the relationship between the heights of the two cylinders?

Problem 10

How many rearrangements of

are there in which no two adjacent letters are also adjacent

letters in the alphabet? For example, no such rearrangements could include either

or .

Problem 11

The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is : . If the rectangle has diagonal of length ,

then the area may be expressed as

for some constant . What is ?

Problem 12

Points

is

and

. What

Problem 13

Claudia has 12 coins, each of which is a 5-cent coin or a 10-cent coin. There are exactly 17 different

values that can be obtained as combinations of one or more of her coins. How many 10-cent coins

does Claudia have?

Problem 14

The diagram below shows the circular face of a clock with radius

cm and a circular disk with

radius

cm externally tangent to the clock face at o'clock. The disk has an arrow painted on it,

initially pointing in the upward vertical direction. Let the disk roll clockwise around the clock face. At

what point on the clock face will the disk be tangent when the arrow is next pointing in the upward

vertical direction?

Problem 15

Consider the set of all fractions

where and are relatively prime positive integers. How many of

these fractions have the property that if both numerator and denominator are increased by , the

value of the fraction is increased by

?

Problem 16

If

, and

Problem 17

A line that passes through the origin intersects both the line

and the line

three lines create an equilateral triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?

. The

Problem 18

Hexadecimal (base-16) numbers are written using numeric digits through as well as the letters

through

to represent

through . Among the first

positive integers, there are whose

hexadecimal representation contains only numeric digits. What is the sum of the digits of ?

Problem 19

The isosceles right triangle

has right angle at

intersect

at

and . What is the area of

and area

?

Problem 20

A rectangle with positive integer side lengths in

the following numbers cannot equal

?

has area

and perimeter

. Which of

NOTE: As it originally appeared in the AMC 10, this problem was stated incorrectly and had no

answer; it has been modified here to be solvable.

Problem 21

Tetrahedron

has

,

What is the volume of the tetrahedron?

, and

Problem 22

Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins

and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that

no two adjacent people will stand?

Problem 23

The zeroes of the function

values of ?

Problem 24

For some positive integers , there is a quadrilateral

perimeter , right angles at

and ,

, and

of

are possible?

. How many different values

Problem 25

Let

be a square of side length . Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of

The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least

and are positive integers with

. What is

?

is

, where , ,

1. C

3. D

5. E

7. B

9. D

11. C

13. C

15. B

17. D

2. D

4. B

6. B

8. B

10. C

12. C

14. C

16. B

18. E

19. D

20. B (Note: This problem was originally stated incorrectly, and all contestants received full

credit regardless of their answer.)

21. C

22. A

23. C

24. B

25. A

Solution

Problem 1

.Pr

oblem 2

Let

Triangles have

We have

tiles total, so

We have

and

edges total, so

Solving gives,

, so the answer is

Alternate Solution

If all of the tiles were triangles, there would be

edges. This is not enough, so there need to be

some squares. Trading a triangle for a square results in one additional edge each time, so we must

trade out

.Problem 3

We can see that a -step staircase requires toothpicks and a -step staircase requires

toothpicks. Thus, to go from a -step to -step staircase, additional toothpicks are needed and to go

from a -step to -step staircase, additional toothpicks are needed. Applying this pattern, to go from

a -step to -step staircase,

additional toothpicks are needed and to go from a -step to -step

staircase,

.Problem 4

Assign a variable to the number of eggs Mia has, say . Then, because we are given that Sofia has

twice the number of eggs Mia has, Sofia has

eggs, and Pablo, having three times the number of

eggs as Sofia, has

eggs.

For them to all have the same number of eggs, they must each have

This means Pablo must give

eggs to Mia and a

eggs to Sofia, so the answer

is

.Problem 5

If the average of the first

peoples' scores was , then the sum of all of their tests

is

. When Payton's score was added, the sum of all of the scores

became

eggs.

Alternate Solution

The average of a set of numbers is the value we get if we evenly distribute the total across all entries.

So assume that the first

students each scored . If Payton also scored an , the average would

still be . In order to increase the overall average to , we need to add one more point to all of the

scores, including Payton's. This means we need to add a total of

more points, so Payton

needs

.Problem 6

Let

be the smaller.

Solving gives

, so the answer is

.Problem 7

Solution

, so the amount of terms in the sequence

sequence , , ,

,

, .

In this sequence, the terms are the multiples of

going up to

However, one more must be added to include the first term. So, the answer is

multiples of

.

Solution 2

.

Solution 3

Using the formula for arithmetic sequence's nth term, we see

that

.Problem 8

This problem can be converted to a system of equations. Let

Claire's current age.

The first statement can be written as

as

To solve the system of equations:

be

in

Let

The answer is

.Problem 9

Let the radius of the first cylinder be

of the first cylinder be

. We are told

Substituting the first equation into the second and dividing both sides by , we get

Therefore,

.Problem 10

The first thing one would want to do is see a possible value that works and then stem off of it. For

example, if we start with an , we can only place a or next to it. Unfortunately, after that step, we

can't do too much, since:

is not allowed because of the

, and

be adjacent to an or .

If we start with a , the next letter would have to be a , and since we can put an next to it and then

a after that, this configuration works. The same approach applies if we start with a .

So the solution must be the two solutions that were allowed, one starting from a and the other with

a , giving us:

.Problem 11

Let the rectangle have length

Theorem), we have

is

and width

, and so

. Then by

, so the answer is

.Problem 12

Since points on the graph make the equation true, substitute

find and .

There are only two solutions to the equation, so one of them is the value of

order does not matter because of the absolute value sign.

The answer is

.Problem 13

Solution #1

Let Claudia have 5-cent coins and

10-cent coins. It is easily observed that any multiple

of between and

inclusive can be obtained by a combination of

coins. Thus,

combinations can be made, so

. But the answer is not because

we are asked for the number of 10-cent coins, which is

Solution #2

Since the coins are 5-cent and 10-cent, all possible values that can be made will be multiples of To

have exactly

different multiples of we will need to make up to

cents. If all twelve coins were

5-cent coins, we will have

cents possible. Each trade of a 5-cent coin for a 10-cent coin will gain

cents, and as we need to gain

.Problem 14

Solution 1

The circumference of the clock is twice that of the disk. So, a quarter way around the clock (3:00), the

point halfway around the disk will be tangent. The arrow will point to the left. We can see the disk

made a 75% rotation from 12 to 3, and 3 is 75% of 4, so it would make 100% rotation from 12 to 4.

The answer is

Solution 2

The rotation factor of the arrow is the sum of the rates of the regular rotation of the arrow (360 every

360 rotation = 1) and the rotation of the disk around the clock with twice the circumference (360

every 180 = 2). Thus, the rotation factor of the arrow is 3, and so our answer corresponds to 360/3 =

120, which is 4 o' clock.

Solution 3

The arrow travels a path of radius 30 (20 from the interior clock and 10 from the radius of the disk

itself). We note that 1 complete rotation of 360 degrees is needed for the arrow to appear up again, so

therefore, the disk must travel its circumference before the arrow goes up. Its circumference is

,

so that is

traveled on a

arrow path. This is a ratio of 1/3, so the angle it carves is 120

degrees, which leads us to the correct answer of 4 o' clock.

.Problem 15

Solution 1

Cross multiplying and combining like terms gives

and

must be positive, so

and

, so

and

gives

and

and

and

.

and

gives

and

gives

and

Solution 2

Observe that

so

is at most

By multiplying by

and simplifying we can rewrite the condition as

. Since and

are integer, this only has solutions for

. However, only the first yields a that is relative

prime to .

There is only one valid solution so the answer is

.Problem 16

Solution 1

Note that we can add the two equations to yield the equation

Because

Solution 2 (Algebraic)

Subtract

from the LHS of both equations, and use difference of squares to yield the equations

and

solutions.

Substitute

into

and

in these

.

Knowing

and

are solutions now is helpful, as you divide both sides by

can also be done using polynomial division to find

as a factor. This gives

.

. This

and

and

values are

.

.Problem 17

Solution 1

Since the triangle is equilateral and one of the sides is a vertical line, the other two sides will have

opposite slopes. The slope of the other given line is

plug in

to both the other equations.

side is the distance between the y-coordinates, or

and

, so the answer is

Solution 2

perpendicular to the line x=1. There

is a square of side length 1 inscribed in the equilateral triangle. The problems becomes reduced to

finding the perimeter of a equilateral triangle with a square of side length 1 inscribed in it. The side

length is 2

get

.

.Problem 18

Notice that

is

in hexadecimal. We will proceed by constructing numbers that consist of

only numeric digits in hexadecimal.

or and the second two could be any digit

,

giving

combinations. However, this includes

so this number must be

diminished by Therefore, there are

valid corresponding to those

positive integers less

than

that consist of only numeric digits. (Notice that

in hexadecimal.) Finally, our

answer is

.Problem 19

can be split into a

dropping a perpendicular from

right triangle by

. Let

be where that perpendicular intersects

.

to side

.

and

Solving gives

The area of

is congruent to

A triangle's area can be written as the sum of the figures that make it up,

so

.

Solving gives

, so the answer is

Solution 2

The area of

to hypotenuse

that

isosceles

is

,

, has length

by

right triangles. Now, it is clear

, and so by the Exterior Angle Theorem,

is an

triangle. Thus,

thus

is

is

by the Half-Angle

. The answer is

.Problem 20

Let the rectangle's length and width be

Then

. Factoring, this is

be .

So the answer is

or

would

.Problem 21

Solution 1

be

. We have

Theorem

and

. Because the altitude from

passes touches plane

on

, it is also an altitude of triangle

triangle

is, by Heron's Formula, given by

so

. Thus, if

tetrahedron,

of tetrahedron

. The area of

Substituting

and performing huge (but manageable) computations yield

is the length of the altitude from of the

Solution 2

Drop altitudes of triangle

and triangle

down from

the same point; let this point be . Because both triangle

triangles,

and triangle

are 3-4-5

. Because

, it follows that the

which means

other. Now, we can treat

and

as the base of the tetrahedron and

desired volume is

is a right triangle,

are perpendicular to each

as the height. Thus, the

which is answer

.Problem 22

Solution 1

We will count how many valid standing arrangements there are (counting rotations as distinct), and

divide by

at the end. We casework on how many people are standing.

Case

Case

arrangement.

arrangements.

Case

people are standing. This yields

cannot be next to each other.

Case

people are standing. Then the people must be arranged in stand-sit-stand-sit-stand-sitstand-sit fashion, yielding possible arrangements.

More difficult is:

Case

people are standing. First, choose the location of the first person standing ( choices).

Next, choose of the remaining people in the remaining legal seats to stand, amounting to

arrangements considering that these two people cannot stand next to each other. However, we have

to divide by because there are ways to choose the first person given any three. This

yields

Summing gives

Solution 2

We will count how many valid standing arrangements there are counting rotations as distinct and

divide by

at the end. Line up all people linearly. In order for no two people standing to be

adjacent, we will place a sitting person to the right of each standing person. In effect, each standing

person requires spaces and the standing people are separated by sitting people. We just need to

determine the number of combinations of pairs and singles and the problem becomes very similar to

pirates and gold aka stars and bars aka ball and urn.

ways. etc. Summing, we

there are

get

ways.

Now we consider that the far right person can be standing as well, so we

have

ways

Together we have

Solution 3

We will count how many valid standing arrangements there are (counting rotations as distinct), and

divide by

at the end. If we suppose for the moment that the people are in a line, and decide

from left to right whether they sit or stand. If the leftmost person sits, we have the same number of

arrangements as if there were only people. If they stand, we count the arrangements with instead

because the person second from the left must sit. We notice that this is the Fibonacci sequence,

where with person there are two ways and with people there are three ways. Carrying out the

Fibonacci recursion until we get to people, we find there are standing arrangements. Some of

these were illegal however, since both the first and last people stood. In these cases, both the

leftmost and rightmost two people are fixed, leaving us to subtract the number of ways for people to

stand in a line, which is

.Problem 23

Solution 1

By Vieta's Formula,

is integral.

Hence

and

Let

d

; then,

and so

(not counting transpositions because this does not affect

),

, yields

is

an

. These

sum to

pairs

, so our answer

.

Solution 2

Let

and

or

.

and

gives

.

This can be factored as

.

. Rearranging

So the answer is

.Problem 24

Let

and

yields

, so

valid

(all

such that

for

to

Simplifying

. Thus,

The perimeter

calculations demonstrate that

lower side,

does not work (because

to

is valid, but

is not. On the

), but

does work. Hence, there are 31

), and so our answer is

.Problem 25

Divide the boundary of the square into halves, thereby forming 8 segments. Without loss of generality,

let the first point be in the bottom-left segment. Then, it is easy to see that any point in the 5

segments not bordering the bottom-left segment will be distance at least apart from . Now,

consider choosing the second point on the bottom-right segment. The probability for it to be distance

at least 0.5 apart from is

because of linearity of the given probability. (Alternatively,

one can set up a coordinate system and use geometric probability.)

is distance

vertex, then

must be at least

away from that same vertex. Thus, using an

averaging argument we find that the probability in this case is

that

, i.e.

with

such

Our answer is

Solution 2

Let one point be chosen on a fixed side. Then the probability that the second point is chosen on the

same side is

cases.

, on an adjacent side is

Case 1: Two points are on the same side. Let the first point be and the second point be

axis with

. Consider

a point on the unit square

on the

The region

that

is

in the -plane.

Case 2: Two points are on two adjacent sides. Let the two sides be

on the x-axis and

on

the y-axis and let one point be

and the other point be

. Then

and the

distance between the two points is

. As in Case 1,

is a point on the unit

square

. The area of the region

and the area of its complementary set inside the square

(i.e.

distance between

and

is at least

) is

is

is

. . Therefore, the probability that the

.

Case 3: Two points are on two opposite sides. In this case, the probability that the distance between

the two points is at least

is obviously .

Thus the probability that the probability that the distance between the two points is at least

given by

Thus,

Therefore

and the answer is (a).

, and

is

- non.pdf for kidsTransféré parEmil Masagca
- maths ebook sscTransféré parCodMw
- Geo Spring ToolkitTransféré parmacgeek314
- good qtnsTransféré parAjay Singh
- Passport 2Transféré parWill
- A Review of GeometryTransféré parKhor Shi-Jie
- GeometryTransféré parkhushivansh
- 2Transféré parAlt Man
- PythagTheoremTransféré parRobert Fant
- Summer Package 2015Transféré paraijazmona
- Trigo Hand Out 111111Transféré parananananymous
- ELMO 2014 SolutionsTransféré parSancho Pancho
- midterm-2018Transféré parapi-253679034
- GRE QuantTransféré parVu
- 9 Point CircleTransféré parSeshu Phani
- Second Order Linear Equations - A Prelude to Higher Order Linear Equations a Historical ApproachTransféré parChristian Sarmiento
- a stanczyk student teaching unit15Transféré parapi-22842965
- 2__August_2015_-_ANSWERS(1)Transféré parSebastien
- ggk-technologies-placement-papers-Aptitude.pdfTransféré parAditya Chowdary
- Absolute Value in Equations and InequalitiesTransféré parFred Pong
- Matk 1 Midyear f 52007Transféré parjyjhng
- Elementary Differential EquationsTransféré parAngelo Lirio Insigne
- Inmo 2018 SolutionsTransféré paranurag
- Calculus One Variable Lectures[1]Transféré parIan Krebs
- std math algebra iTransféré parapi-293314945
- 331spr10hw15solTransféré parRestaDestiani
- USAMO-2013 solutionsTransféré par22222222
- 2012_paper_SSC_CGL.pdfTransféré parRakesh Thakur
- 2014-15TEST-2Transféré parRajeev Rai
- Math 3Transféré parธนัชเปลวเทียนยิ่งทวี

- 208230467 Tinh Chat Va Ung Dung Cua CromTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Quangninh.gov.Vn_vi-VN_so_sogiaoducdaotao_Lists_cc Bi Vit Ph Bin Trao I_Attachments_1006_DE VA DA-Sinh Hoc-Ngay 1-Lap Doi Tuyen HSG 12-20122013Transféré parLan Nguyen
- hoa-huu-co-phan-thanh-son-nam.pdfTransféré parLan Nguyen
- de Hoc Sinh Gioi Quoc Gia Mon Sinh Hoc 2005Transféré parLan Nguyen
- A course in Differential Geometry Thierry AubinTransféré pareagle9797
- Chuyên Đề - So Sánh Bán Kính Nguyên Tử Giữa Nguyên Tử Và IonTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Bồi-Dưỡng-Học-Sinh-Giỏi-Sinh-Học-11-NXB-Đại-Học-Quốc-Gia-2013---Phan-Khắc-Nghệ-Trần-Mạnh-Hùng-260-TrangTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Tai Lieu BDHSGTransféré parchithanhtran
- Bộ Câu Hỏi Trắc Nghiệm Giải PhẫuTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Giải Hóa Bằng Phương Pháp Đồ ThịTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Chuyen de Toan Gioi Han Dao Ham Vi PhanTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Dethi-HSG-2012-2013-QuangTri-SinhTransféré parhaptrung
- Dethi-HSG-2012-2013-QuangTri-SinhTransféré parhaptrung
- LtDh cAc ChuyEn de hOa hOc lOp 10 Vi Nhan Nan.thuvienvatly.com.88c35.34242Transféré parTrịnh Nguyên Trường
- 20 Phương Pháp Giải Nhanh Hóa Học (NXB Tổng Hợp 2012) - Đỗ Xuân Hưng, 295 TrangTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Kỹ Thuật Gen Nguyên Lý Và Ứng Dụng 1Transféré parLan Nguyen
- 2015No1_1446288695Transféré parLan Nguyen
- 2008AMC10-ATransféré paryougyung
- 2008AMC10-ATransféré paryougyung
- Bo de Thi Chon Hoc Sinh Gioi Lop 12 Mon Sinh Nam Hoc 2011 - 2012Transféré parLan Nguyen
- 2008-AMC10-BTransféré parLan Nguyen
- 2008-AMC10-BTransféré parLan Nguyen
- 110320_apmops2011aTransféré parPhúc Lê
- 2009AMC10-A SolutionsTransféré parLan Nguyen
- Egg Amc F3 2009AMC10ATransféré parflamevortigon
- 2008-AMC10-BsolutionsTransféré parLan Nguyen
- 2008-AMC10-BsolutionsTransféré parLan Nguyen
- 2008AMC10-AsolutionsTransféré parSamuel Tandry
- 2008AMC10-AsolutionsTransféré parSamuel Tandry

- DIALux Catalogue 2010Transféré parmanish_chandwani
- SDS_RPSTransféré parmizu82
- Transducer - Magnetic BuzzerTransféré parEaswaran Ram Ram
- Fiio X3 User Guide.pdfTransféré parlc1045
- IK Contract All SchTransféré paraliraza20015
- Cpu and MemoryTransféré parNelgie Mae Ferreras Buna
- TEVO CalibrationTransféré parAeroDrone
- Donaldson & Roberts - Writings of Apostolic Fathers to AD 325 Vol I (1867)Transféré parMick Rynning
- AV02-1556EN_DS_HLMP-1340_2014-07-24Transféré parbelidged
- Mechanical Design ConsultantTransféré parapi-77632676
- API for Dummies.pdfTransféré parrajeshbabup
- 36 1497078865_10-06-2017.pdfTransféré parEditor IJRITCC
- Intellectual Property RightsTransféré parapi-3742263
- IgbtTransféré parSristick
- 2791-902.pdfTransféré parAlejandro Dominguez
- Anand Ch UI DeveloperTransféré partes888
- 2045sc990Transféré parwillyhua
- Reflection 1Transféré parThanh Blue
- MR453X7982D000.pdfTransféré parBloorim
- Ms Word Shortcut KeysTransféré parKhan Mohammad
- Interspire Email Marketer - User GuideTransféré parFlorentina Seran
- itnw1451_ch03Transféré pardivideo
- Doe v. Prosecutor OrderTransféré parKenan Farrell
- IT Asset ManagerTransféré parapi-78525981
- As ISO IEC 19795.1-2007 Information Technology - Biometric Performance Testing and Reporting Principles and fTransféré parSAI Global - APAC
- Internet EssayTransféré parRaghini Rama Rao
- HUAWEI U8667 V100R001USAC189B843 Software Upgrade GuidelineTransféré parEdgar De
- auto519.pdfTransféré parArliel John Garbo
- Network 2-List of Common TCPIP Port NumbersTransféré parAnonymous jpeHV73mLz
- Buisiness EventTransféré parsekharmcp