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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


1.

This question paper consists of 40 questions.

2.

Answer all questions.

3.

Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.

4.

Blacken only one space for each question.

5.

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have
made. Then blacken the space for the new answer.

6.

The diagram in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

7.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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For Questions 1 to 40, each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C


or D. Choose one correct answer for each question and blacken the corresponding
space in your objective answer sheet.
Section A
1

Diagram 1 shows a cross-section of a plant cell.

DIAGRAM 1

Which organelle is involved in cellular respiration?

The following information refers to organelle Y.

Found abundantly in the flight muscle cells in insects.


Enable sperm movement

Golgi apparatus

666666666666666666666666666666666666
6666666666666666
What is organelle Y?
A

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondrion

Ribosome

Nucleus

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Which of the following is not a muscle tissue?


A

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The blood glucose level in the body are regulated by


I

endocrine system

II

circulatory system

III

digestive system

IV

excretory system

I only

I and II only

I, II and III only

I, II, III and IV only

Diagram 2 shows a cell organelle.

DIAGRAM 2

Which process cannot occur without this organelle?


A

Osmosis

Respiration

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Active transport

Photosynthesis

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Diagram 3 shows the plasma membrane consists of molecules arranged in a double


layer.

DIAGRAM 3

The parts labelled X and Y are

7.

both hydrophilic

both hydrophobic

hydrophilic and hydrophobic respectively

hydrophobic and hydrophilic respectively

Diagram 4 shows the structure of onion cell in solution X.

DIAGRAM 4

What is solution X?

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10% sucrose solution

5% sucrose solution

0.1% sucrose solution

Distilled water

Which of the following molecules can move easily through phospholipid bilayer?
A

Sodium ions

Amino acid

Glucose

Water

Transport ion and molecule against


concentration gradient.

Required carrier protein.

The above statement describes the process of

10

Osmosis

Simple diffusion

Active transport

D Facilitated diffusion
A human red blood cell is placed in 3% Sodium chloride solution.
In which direction does water move and what is the effect on the cell?

11

Movement of water

Effect on cell

Into the cell

Slight increase in size

Out of the cell

Slight decrease in size

Into the cell

Cell bursts

Out of the cell

No change in cell volume

Which elements are found in nucleic acids?


A

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Carbon and hydrogen

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Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen

Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus

12

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Medium for biochemical reactions in cells


Maintaining osmotic pressure of cells

Which compound has the characteristics listed above.

13

Lipid

Water

Protein

Enzyme

Diagram 5 shows an experiment for food test.

DIAGRAM 5

When P is heated with Benedicts solution, brick-red precipitate is formed. Thus, P is

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14

15

Starch

Sucrose

Cellulose

Fructose

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Which sugar is found in milk


A

Maltose

Glucose

Lactose

Fructose

Diagram 6 shows one of the four levels in protein structures

DIAGRAM 6

The level and example for such protein are


A

Tertiary structure, enzymes

Tertiary structure, haemoglobin

Quaternary structure, enzymes

Quaternary structure, haemoglobin

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Diagram 7 shows the steps of protein digestion in human alimentary canal. Certain
enzymes react on each substrate R, S and T.
Protein

Pepsin

Trypsin

Erepsin

DIAGRAM 7

Among the following, which are substrate R, S and T?


A
B
C
D

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R
Polypeptide
Amino acid
Peptide
Peptide

S
Peptide
Peptide
Polypeptide
Amino acid

T
Amino acid
Polypeptide
Amino acid
Polypeptide

Which of the following is not true about the differences between saturated fat and
unsaturated fat?

18

Saturated fat

Unsaturated fat

Solid at room temperature

Liquid at room temperature

High cholesterol content

Low cholesterol content

No double bond present between


two carbon atoms

Double bond present between two


carbon atoms

Able to react with additional


hydrogen atom

Unable to react with additional


hydrogen atom

Diagram 8 shows a biochemical reaction in a cell.

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10
DIAGRAM 8

What is substance P?

19

Monoglyceride

Diglyceride

Triglyceride

Glyceride

Which enzyme, substrate and condition are needed for the digestion of food in the
stomach?

20

Enzyme

Substrate

Conditions

Amylase

Starch

Acid

Amylase

Starch

Alkaline

Protease

Protein

Acid

protease

protein

Alkaline

The following statements are about the use of a specific enzyme in industries and
daily lives.
Tenderising meat
Remove fish skin
Extracting fur from animal skin
What is the enzyme used?

21

Amylase

Protease

Lipase

Zymase

Diagram 9 shows a cell cycle in animal cell.

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Diagram 9
What happen during M and N phases.

A
B
C
D

22

M
Mitosis and cytokinesis
Meiosis and cytokinesis
Cytokinesis
Cell preparation for mitosis

N
Replication of DNA
Replication of DNA
Synthesis of mitochondria
Synthesis of mitochondria

Diagram 10 shows a technique used in vegetative propagation in plant.

DIAGRAM 10

What is the main purpose of the process described in Diagram 10?


A

To produce a clone with similar resistance

To produce a clone which will mature faster

To produce a clone with similar characteristics

To produce more clones which are similar to the parent plant

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P Synapsis occurs
Q Chromatids of choromosomes separate
R Spindle fibres shorten
S Homologous choromosomes separate

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12

P, Q, R and S are events of meiosis. Which of the following events occur during
anaphase I of meiosis?

24

P and Q only

R and S only

P, R and S only

P, Q and R only

Diagram 11 shows two stages of cell division in an anther.

X
DIAGRAM 11

What will happen at X?

25

The chromosomes will shrink

The chromosomes will arrange at the equator of the cell

The homologous chromosomes will undergo crossing over

The homologous chromosomes will separate and move toward the cell poles

During mitosis, the chromosome number and genetic composition of a daughter cell
are maintained as the parent cell because
A

chromatids separate during anaphase

each chromosome forms two chromatids

chromosomes separate during anaphase

cytoplasm divides into two during anaphase

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13

Section B
26

Diagram 12.1 and Diagram 12.2 show the structures of an animal and a plant cells.

Diagram 12.1

Diagram 12.2

Which structures in Diagram 12.1 and Diagram 12.2 have the same function?

27

Z and S

X and Q

Y and R

W and P

A student has just finished doing her morning jogging.


What are the changes occur to the blood capillaries and sweat gland in her skin?

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14
Blood capillaries

Sweat gland

Dilate

Secrete more sweat

Dilate

Become inactive

Constrict

Secrete more sweat

Constrict

Become inactive

Diagram 13 shows a unicellular organism.

DIAGRAM 13

What will happen to this unicellular organism without organelle X?

29

Exchange of gases cannot occur

Osmoregulation cannot occur

Phagocytosis cannot occur

Binary fission cannot occur

In an experiment, several pieces of potato were placed in sucrose solution of


different concentrations. The mass changed were then plotted onto graphs.
Which graph shows the mass changes correctly?

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Mass of potato
samples(g)

C
Mass of potato
samples (g)

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Concentration of sucrose solution(%)

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15

Concentration of sucrose solution (%)

D
Mass of potato
samples(g)

Mass of potato
samples(g)

Concentration of sucrose solution(%)

Concentration of sucrose solution (%)

30

The table below shows the observation made during some food tests carried out on
a sample.
Test for protein

Observation

Biuret test

Purple color

Test for reducing sugar

Observation

Benedicts solution

Light blue colour

Test for starch

Observation

Iodine test

Dark blue colour

Based on these results, which of the following conclusions about the food is
correct?
A
B
C
D

31

Protein
Present
Present
Absent
Absent

Reducing sugars
Absent
Present
Present
Absent

Starch
Present
Absent
Absent
Present

Diagram 14 shows a biochemical reaction catalysed by an enzyme.


+
P

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16
DIAGRAM 14

What is P, Q and R?.


A
B
C
D

32

P
Glucose
Glucose
Galactose
Fructose

Q
lactose
fructose
glucose
sucrose

R
sucrose
sucrose
maltose
maltose

Diagram 15 shows a process in protein synthesis.


X
+

+ water

Y
DIAGRAM 15

What is X and Y?.


X
A
B
C
D

33

Catalyst
Hydrolysis
Condensation
Condensation

Y
Hydrolysis
Condensation
Hydrolysis
Catalyst

Which of the following enzymes function optimally at pH that ranges from 2 to 3?


A

Amylase

Lipase

34

C
D

Pepsin
Maltase

Provides protection to organs against physical injuries


Provides energy for physical activities
Insulates body against heat loss
Forms sex hormones

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Which compound has the characteristics in the list above?

35

Carbohydrate

Protein

Water

Lipid

Diagram 16 shows the fertilisation between ovum and sperm.

Sperm, n=23
Ovum, n=24
DIAGRAM 16

The above fertilisation will produce abnormal offspring caused by


A mitosis does not occur in orderly manner.
B meiosis does not occur in orderly manner
C cytokinesis does not occur.
D karyokinesis does not occur.

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18

Section C
36

Diagram 17 shows an experiment which is carried out to study diffusion through a


semi permeable membrane.

DIAGRAM ?
DIAGRAM 17

What are Q and R?

37

Sucrose solution 30%

Distilled water

Sucrose solution 50%

Sucrose solution 30%

Sucrose solution 30%

Sucrose solution 30%

Sucrose solution 10%

Sucrose solution 30%

Diagram 18 represents a model of lipase action.

DIAGRAM 18

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19

What are X, Y and Z ?

38

lipase

glycerol

lipid

lipase

lipid

glycerol

lipid

lipase

glycerol

lipid

glycerol

lipase

Diagram 19 shows the final appearance of the jelly.


Key :
2
Brown iodine colour
1

Dark blue colour

Well

DIAGRAM 19

Three wells were cut in agar jelly, which contained starch. A different solution was
placed in each well. Twelve hours later, the jelly was flooded with iodine solution.
Which solution could have given the results shown?

39

Well 1

Well 2

Well 3

Amylase + acid

Amylase

Boiled amylase

Amylase + acid

Boiled amylase

Amylase

Amylase

Amylase + acid

Boiled amylase

Amylase

Boiled amylase

Amylase + acid

What is the importance of mitosis?

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Asexual reproduction in unicellular organisms.

II

Replacing damaged and dead cells

III

Increases the number of cells for growth

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IV

40

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20
Increases the number of chromosome

I, II and III only

I, II and IV only

II, III and IV only

I, II, III and IV

Diagram 20 shows the stages in meiotic division.

DIAGRAM 20

Which of the stages, P, Q, R and S, differentiates between meiosis and mitosis?


A

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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