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History Fair Annotated Bibliography

Daniel Bermeo, Daniel Gonzalez, Jorge Salazar

Anderson, Michel. Baseball in Black and White: Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of
America had better learn the Jackie Robinson story. JACKIE ROBINSON A Biography.
By Arnold Rampersad. Illustrated. 512 pp. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. $27.50.
Proquest. October 19, 1997. Web. December 2, 2015
This article talks about the achievements of an African American, Jackie Robinson, and
how he became a big star in the MLB. This shows just as white men can become big stars
in the MLB, so can black men.
"Award for Jackie Robinson." New York Times (1923-Current file): 22. Dec 12 1949.
ProQuest. Web. 3 Dec. 2015 .
This source, although it is short, shows the respect Jackie Robinson obtained as the article
does not mention that he black. This helped the civil rights movement as blacks were
given recognition for positive actions.
BASEBALL DISCRIMINATION. New York TImes (1923-Current file): 14.
Mar 20 1954. Proquest. Web. 3 Dec. 2015
Here, African Americans are told to leave, however, the press does not agree with this
decision. This greatly benefits the civil rights movement as now the public is disagreeing
with racist actions made by officials.
42. Dir. Brian Helgeland. Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. :, 2013. Film.
The story of Jackie Robinson was portrayed in the film "42". Aside from his social life, it
showed how he manages to overcome all the prejudice feedback he gets when he enters
the MLB. The movie also shows how Jackie Robinson later on convinces the white
people that he is worthy to play, this influences the African American population to
believe they have a chance at ending segregation. The actions taken by Jackie Robinson
also motivated other African American baseball players to make an attempt to make it to
the MLB"
Doby Replaces Lemon as White Sox Manager." New York Times (1923-Current file):
13. Jul 01 1978. ProQuest. Web. 3 Dec. 2015 .
This source is most recent compared to the others. It shows how baseball evolved from an
all-white sport, to a sport that is diverse. Larry Doby, an African American replaced a
white manager, not because he was black but because he was simply better fit for the
position. This shows that baseball had severely benefitted the civil rights movement
10 First African American Players in Major League Baseball Sports-Management Degree. July
18, 2013. Web. December 3, 2015
This article shows the hard work and achievements that African Americans had on the
sport of baseball. The article shows that blacks play just as well or better than whites,
giving a sense of equality.
Henry, Skyler. Macon teen honors hometown Negro League Baseball players. WMGT.
Demand Media, n.d. Web. 01 Dec 2015
The article talks about how teenagers of this time still acknowledge the Negro League,
meaning that its still being thought of today.This can help me prove that the Negro
League played a big part in getting rid of segregation.
Lanctot, Neil. Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution. Pennsylvania:

University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. eBook.


This book stood out a lot to me due to the simple fact that it portrays the perspectives of
the African American baseball players that wanted to play in the major leagues badly but
could not because of their race, this will also allow me to add more depth within my final
project.
Lomax, Michael E. 'Curt Flood Stood Up for Us': The Quest to Break Down Racial Barriers and
Structural Inequality in Major League Baseball. Ebscohost. Web. December 3, 2015
This article explains that some African Americans are willing to stand their ground and
fight for what they believe in, rather than just walk away and accept the racism. This
shows that African Americans had courage to fight for what they believe is right.
No Legal Bar Against Negro Players in Georgia, Official Say. New York Times ( 1923 current file): 28. Jan 18 1949. ProQuest. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.
The source proves that it wasnt a rule for African American baseball players to not be
allowed to play with other white baseball players, which can prove that the MLB was
somewhat racist because they didnt allow them to play.
Peterson, Robert. Negro League Britannica. Demand Media, n.d. Web, 02 Dec. 2015.
This article gave the readers a summary of how the Negro Leagues began and why they
were so successful. The article would help me back of the reasoning behind why this was
a great idea.
P. Mills. Negro League Baseball. P. Mills, Publisher, 2000. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.
The website was great since the moment i clicked on it, it was straightforward and i liked
the fact that that it had held stats of Negro League Baseball players that ended up going
to the Major Leagues such as Jackie Robinson and other legends. The site gives me the
chance to put in some statistics of the players to prove how good they actually were and
how they compared to the white Major League Baseball players.
The Role of Sports Upon the Civil Rights Movement. Sports in Blacks and White. April 16,
2013. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.
This article consist of how the influence of black baseball players making their own
league and proving the critics wrong, helped out the Civil Rights Movement. This article
can help me because it shows how significant the African American baseball players
influenced the Civil Rights Movement.