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Mighty

MATHS for 9-12 year olds

book 2
Working with Numbers
Developing Skills in Addition, Subtraction,
Multiplication & Division

Kim Freeman

Published by Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd


What is Mighty Math?

Mighty Math is a series of workbooks designed to support the Math Curriculum. Each
book is a culmination of many years teaching experience by the author. By using these
books, students can practise and discover the mathematical concepts and principles that
are essential for success in school mathematics. The pages provide 9 - 12 year old
students with both reinforcement and extension to their normal school mathematics
lessons. This allows them to maintain the skills that they already have and helps to
overcome any weaknesses. The pages can also complement school lessons, helping the
student to develop faster in mathematics, and give them a "head start" in class.

There are 8 books in the series for 9-12 year olds. All can be downloaded for FREE.

The series covers all the strands and relevant age group levels of Mathematics in the
New Zealand Curriculum: Number, Measurement, Geometry, Algebra, and Statistics.
Within these strands, students will get practice at: calculating, estimating and using
measuring equipment. We are sure that the work will fit into any mathematics
curriculum.

If you use the sheets often, or if you just find Mighty Math really useful then you might
consider a $2 donation. Send your money through PayPal: admin@mahobe.co.nz

MIGHTY MATHS for 9 - 12 year olds


Book 2: Working with Numbers
Kim Freeman

This edition is Part 2 of an 8 Part eBook series.

Published in 2010 by:


Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
P.O. Box 109-760
Newmarket, Auckland www.mahobe.co.nz
New Zealand

© Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd www.mathscentre.co.nz


ISBN(13) 9781877489174

This eBook has been provided by Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd to The New Zealand Centre of Mathematics.
School teachers and their students are able to freely download this book from The New Zealand Centre of
Mathematics website www.mathscentre.co.nz. Electronic copies of the complete eBook may not be copied
or redistributed. Students have permission to print one copy for their personal use. Any photocopying by
teachers must be for training or educational purposes and must be recorded and carried out in accordance
with NZ Copyright Licensing Ltd guidelines. The content presented within the book represents the views of
the publisher and his contributors as at the date of publication. Because of the rate with which conditions
change, the publisher and his contributors reserve the right to alter and update the contents of the book at
any time based on the new conditions. This eBook is for informational purposes only and the publisher and
author do not accept any responsibilities for any liabilities resulting from the use of the information within.
While every attempt has been made to verify the content provided, neither the publisher nor the author
assume any responsibility for errors, inaccuracies or omissions. All rights reserved. All the views expressed
in this book are those of the author. The questions and suggested answers are the responsibility of the
author. That’s all the legal stuff! We hope you enjoy using the book and don’t forget - if you like the book
why not send Mahobe $2 through PayPal.

Become a subscriber to Mahobe on www.scribd.com. You can never have too many friends!

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39
40
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94 3 8 4 7
2 6 0 29 0 3 7 99 9 9
34 2 47 0 9 2 1
6 1 5 5 09
0 2 0 2 58
9 9

1 0 1 2 683
1 2 64 2
1 0 9 4
3 75 1 9
32 0 05 6
6
2 1 7
one hundred and one
thirty eight
Three hundred and two forty nine
Eight thousand nine hundred and forty seventy three
Four thousand and seventy nine nine thousand one hundred and fifty
Seven hundred and thirty
Two hundred and thirty one
Six hundred and forty five
Seven thousand nine hundred and twenty nine
Nine hundred and twelve
Nine hundred and eight
Twenty

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7 9 4 8 4
86 3 4 9 5 4
352 10 5 8 5 11
7 914 7 2 11 12 10
1 000 000 2 16 9 9 12
4.5 6 8 14 11 1
207 10 7 9 2 9
509
6 200 15 24 20 38 39
9 061 15 19 21 23 43
8 040 21 23 22 27 40
10 010 17 18 26 30 56
3 210 00 20 15 26 31 49
17 23 18 36 61
ON E T O N N E O F WO N T U N S P L E A S E 21 21 23 28 68

75
84
34
60
48
32
30 Look and see!
46
5
82
44

5 6
7 8

5 8 10 11 9 13 13
19 19 16 19 19 26
14 14 8 7 6 13 12
13 10 10 10 16 12 5
1 71 252 241 153 224 294

7 9 9 12 13 15 12 41 49 56 60 65 78
26 34 41 45 50 63
47 55 62 66 71 84
11 18 16 17 20 19 20
79 75 66 59 51 44
103 99 90 83 75 68
92 88 79 72 64 57
79 69 34 24 28 29 29
27 18 48 59 38

A CUP
68 59 71 79 89 59 49
57 79 49
42 MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD
9 10 12
6 7 9
6 9 14 8 8 9 7 9 5 10
4 11 11 10 11 10 11 13 9 14 3840 41 39
16 14 14 13 4 5 14 16 12 17 39 41 4240 28 49 40
15 13 10 8 11 10
12 7 16 11 7 13 9 11 7 12 404243 41 37 58 49
20 20 9 18 18 18
23 17 20 25 23 22
22 23 19 18 25 17
21 25 22 22 21 22
16 24 23 22 20 25 7 11 31 59 30 50
22 18 42 20 33 35
27 14 46 24 54 21
13 13 19 14 15 12 19
6 12 28 37 43 25
22 9 21 18 18 16 19
7 14 13 12 19 25 33

18 23 29 26 18 16 36

7 5 14 18
21 25 28 23 29 28 30 19 6 16 9 17
3 2

9 10
11 12

2 2 8 6 8 9
463 486 1064 879 1162 3 5 7 4 9 1
2 4 2 6 8 5
3 7 6 4 7 7
7038 11308 3235 9047 11886 3 11 12 2 8 11
8 6 7 0 8 0
1 11 7 6 7 4
267 274 380 421 465 520 562 630 634 635 2 7 7 4 7 5
791 798 904 945 989 665 707 775 779 780 3 13 9 2 11 8
4 8 2 6 0 7

10055 12392 12839 10143 6925

22 1 1 1657
20 198 357 237

HE T OOK T HE S HOR T
1458 885 12870 881 1243 1136
CU T

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22 52 22 13 16 15 16 47 65 27
13 54 32 12
21 23 52 61
24 53 31 44
50 53 33 32 24 35 25 8 19 18
24 55 13 52

252 222 230 216 18 38 53 44 55 9

32 431 331 312 36 47 16 29 26 54

674 512 912 322 315


18 55 8 59 47

132 395 614 241 215


7 23 67 28 27

537 221 391


19 37 65 39 72
T H A T S N O T H I N G B O Y I A M R E A L L Y
T O L O S E S L E E P O V E R E X H A U S T E D

13 14
15 16

4 10 6 7 8 13 8 7 10 6
1 7 3 4 5 10 5 4 7 3
2 8 4 5 6 11 6 5 8 4
3 9 5 6 7 12 7 6 9 5
89 2 85 560 3 94 48 8 1
0 6 4 13 7 11 6 3 1 8
6 12 10 19 13 17 5 2 0 7
1 7 5 14 8 12 7 4 2 9
2 08 8 3 0 79 1029 2080 1 7 58 3 9 7 16 10 14 9 6 4 11

54 33 1 1 2 35 688 8 1 57 3 65 23 24 40 43 25 32
18 36 45 27 17 9
11111 20086 3 2988 90909
337 227 637 528 518 107
275 251 175 280 73 265
18 29 4 46 6 27 20 7 148 175 54 58 158 47

23 7 60 63 3 088 1 594 889 9 23 25 10 0 27


16 12 1 3 15 8
2 182 8 13 9
100% 3 40 22 19 12 17
25 14 15 7 11 4
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23 24 40 43 25 32 61 43
11 10 15 9 16 9
18 36 45 27 17 9 8 35
340 227 637 528 518 107 259 416 12 12 12 3 8 9

275 251 175 280 73 265 389 175 18 19 18 22 31 30


148 175 54 58 158 47 1 1 7 186 11 15 12 15 17 28

56 39 48 49 37 49
21 247 22 26 480 539 11
34 13 15 32 11

286 188 569 217 36 41 61 41 51 64 43

9 371 37 366 619 50 6 8 16 7 4 17

B E CA U S E T H E Y U S E HO N E Y CO M B S 261 341 271 390 393 293


,
T H E Y DON T K NOW TH E WO R DS 37 33 127 108 115 107

17 18
19 20

6 16 24 18 28 21
0 32 14 64 30 36
12 42 36 64
16 72 35 54 25 12 56 40 6 4
30 18 16 4 32 66 40 27 20 44
24 1 36 6 48 15
25 4 0 9 45 48 81 24
9 24 6 81
27 5 32 30
28 14 63 0
126 55 216 88 366 328 171
24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 70 183
36 51 92 28
20 30 40 50 6 0 70 80 90 100 110
11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 11 0 12 1
484 484 4888 542 1245 1264

1625 2502 1575 4928 2375 2765


MULTIPLICATION IS THE
key

TO SUCCESS 240 1 1326 888 3222 1230 1 1 1 3 2401


3430 2210 8880 3580 2460 7420 13720
583 1 3536 9768 6802 3690 8533 1 6 1 2 1

MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD 45


4x8 2x4
3x9 5x4 5x2
7x7 8x6
100 10 00 10 00
10 00 10000
, 10,000
10, 000 100,000 1,000,000

160 200 100 280 70 150 80 40 130 100 53 300 4000 31420 2150 0
2800
6 8 4800
8 9 10 10 7200

200 600 100 1500300 2200 1800 2500 7200 10000 0 3400 31600
50000 21000
516700 (6×7) × (10×10) = 4200 (9×3) × (10×10) = 2800
(2×8) × (10×10) = 1600 (7×8) × (10×10) = 5600
(5×9) × (10×10) = 4500 (2×9) × (10×10) = 1800
(8×3) × (10×10) = 2400 (6×3) × (10×10) = 1800
(4×6) × (10×10) = 2400 (5×6) × (10×10) = 3000
(3×5) × (10×10) = 1500 (7×2) × (10×10) = 1400
4224 18 12 27 15 12 6 60 84 108 (6×6) × (10×10) = 3600 (4×4) × (10×10) = 1600
14 8 6 4 63 35 28 14 75 105135
56 32 24 16 72 4032 16 50 70 90
12,000
7 4 3 2 45 2520 10 10 100 12,000
5 8 10 1000 400,000

35 20 63 9 63 21 15,000 56,000 400,000


360,000
60 50 54 81 105 35 21,000
72,000
40,000
24,000 160,000
28,000 24,000 420,000
5 15 90 45 140 42 21,000 40,000 2,400,000
0 8,000 100,000 8,100,000
45 55 72 56 14 18,000 630,000

21 22
23 24

16 7 1 45 9 81
35 28 8 55 16 63 78 255 224 186 324 260
8 64 72 70 36 121
27 12 27 33 40 20
30 9 56 16 3 72 636 950 24 1 5 822 69 2 1928
40 0 6 144 72 24
80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240
4 6 9
16 32 48 64 80 96 112 128 144 160 176 192
2 12 4
10 4 10 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144
8 12 4

3 00 559 50 7 322 770 630


12 4 50
10 12 48
20 6 24 2 48 60 40 2400 1 3 60 9420 2 739 3708 7044 3 150

A WA L K I E TA L K I E TIMES (×´S)

46 MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD


4 9 8 7 4
11 7 8 7 7
22 47 6 9 5 10 1
56 64 24 0 32 72 12 18 9 5 5 7 2
21 24 9 0 12 27 27 29 8 3 4 8
42 48 18 0 24 54 6
69 60 8 7 3 14 9
14 16 6 0 8 18
5 25 6 18 10 14 12 8 101 104 108 109
43 50 15 45 25 35 30 20 112 123 55 53
24 8 21 63 35 49 42 28
34 24 3 9 5 7 6 4 229 209 54 213
2 7 81 45 63 54 36 45 36 154 125
0 24 28 36 12 32 15 55
0 66 77 99 33 88 0 22
0 36 42 54 18 48 39 28 256
0 72 84 108 36 96 8 18
60
10 6 $6
6 5
8 12
14 9 $8
40 2
8 8
6 35
20 students

25 26
27 28

5 4
5 5 10 8 1 36 2 15 324 4 32
6 1 8 8
2 12 13 3 168 258 2 35 194
3 11 7 5
4 9 8 6 65 7
7 9 9 2 54 9 426 46 5
20 3 13 5
813 84 9 95 1 543
8 8 6 5 6

4 10 6 7 20 7 20
8 4 7 7 4 4 7 4
3 3 3 1 10 2 5
7 5 11 9 9
684 8520 753 1 6242
412 3 1 78952 258 10 159 06

=4 =11 =20 =30 16


T H E Y WE A R
=6 =9 =2 =60 12 P E O P L E N E C K SW E A T E R S

=10 =3 =50 =13 40 A T URT L E I N A S PO RT S C A R


P L E A S E M Y L I T T L E P A L =42 =44 =49 =43
=37 =31 =36 =35
K NOW Y O U R MU L T I P L E S =34 =39 =23 =27
=45 =28 =25 =32

MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD 47


6 4 2 1 58 100 160 200 1000 1268 15780
180 360
534 326
453 861

1 20 25 50 2 36 15 530 416 2710 190000 9774 6210 4716


10488 15042 4393

7 2 3 6 5 10 543 345 262


4 8 7 1 2 25 654 191
456
1 5 2 13 12 20
2571 2826 2934
6 3 12 4 18 1
32715 31520 8521

14÷2=7 =25.1 =60.4 =49.5


27÷3=9 =43.7 =32.6 =60.3
=45.0 =38.2 =59.8
15÷3=5 or 15÷5=3 =57.9
32÷4=8 or 32÷8=4 M O S T T R E A T O N E E A S
32 A R E M E AN NO T E X ACT
S OM E
2

29 30
31 32

6 7 4
3 7 2
24 18 15 42
8 4 2 4 4 1 10 5 2
16 25 49 81

20c 56 75 96 1 19 144 171


6
3
3
33 3 3 72 4 70 692 396 2 1 60
10 20 8 21
9 9 10 5
10 20 30 40 6 12 18 24 5 10 20 50 9 12 16 20 30
5 10 15 20 4 8 12 16 10 20 40 100
4 8 12 16 3 6 9 12 25 50100250 1 284 1575 16358 6295
2 4 6 8 2 4 6 8 2 4 8 20

780 312 243 744 378


8 7 10 5 =4 =6 =5 =7
4 2 6 3
G O M I G H T Y M A T H S
9

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12 5 23
4 7 7
2 2 22
24 - 16 = 8 5 5 64
2 4 4
45 > 22
6 x 4 = 24
8 + 12 < 30 ÷ ÷
13 - 8 = 5 + -
12 + 9 = 21 +
+ - ÷
7 + 3 = 10
5 < 24
27 - 3 = 24 = < <
8 x 5 = 36 + 4 > = =
16 ÷ 8 = 2 = < >
27 > 16 > > <
6 x 8 = 48 < =
<

33 34
35 36

4 9
10 2
7 5
6 8
3 12 7 6 0 9 47
11
13 5 3 63 9 3
HA V E YO U EVER T R I ED
TO I RON ONE 4 2 3 6 48 45

48 43 1
15 66 9
20 6 12 35 5
40 0 44 28 1 27 32
32 24 16
10 12 56 54 17 12 19
50 30
3 36
25 10 4 64 24
N EW Z E A LA N D 7 7
37 6 6 35
W I NS T H E
18 7 8 17
WO R L D C U P
25 8 5 8 16
MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD 49
5 > 8 11
14 < >
9 9
9 > 10 8 >
9 = 12 12 =
32 <
> 14
22 9 <
<
17 < 18 =
26 18
63 > >
18

10 28 44 2 3 4 6
12 14 31 0 3 2 3
11 11 22 21 21 42 40 35 75 4 2 0 5 5 0 7 5 2 15 12 3

1 6 2 8 1 4 9
9 3 8 7 5 0
1 2
8 4 5 1 2 1
2 2 9 2 9 3 4

37 38
39 40

3 7 8 36 36
7 4 0 48 48
0 9 10 72 72
20 7 11 240 240
9 7 10 96 96
Column 2 should be easier
No

1200 1200
1200 1200

10 6
10 5 13 160 220 5500
5 1 7
10 4 41 270 400 240
4 72 7 2900 8000 1600
3 23 5 1800 990 1700
7 4 5 670 11200 13000
9800 670 14000
1 6 2
35 70 105 140 2 4 5
60 120 180 240 2 6
100 200 300 400 72 4
8 5 4
38 71 103 144
65 98 130 171
100 133 165 206

50 MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD


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MIGHTY MATHS © MAHOBE RESOURCES (nz) lTD 51


Mighty Maths delivers . . .
A structured series of work books covering all strands of
Mathematics in the New Zealand Curriculum.

A resource designed for parents and teachers who want to


give their 9-12 year-old students the advantage of a solid
grounding in Mathematics before they start secondary
school.

A mathematics reinforcement programme that can


be completed in under two years.

book 2
This book covers number work from
levels 1 - 3 of the New Zealand
Curriculum. Through practice and
repetition, the student develops a
better understanding of, and skill
with numbers. Confidence in both
mental arithmetic and the use of a
calculator is increased.

978-1-877489-17-4

9 781877 489174