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5 January 2016

Committee under former Chief Justice R M


Lodha was set up by Supreme Court to suggest
reforms in the BCCI and Indian Cricket
a d m i n i s t r a t i o n . It h a s s u b m i t t e d i t s
recommendations to Honble Supreme Court
of India.

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Key points of the
reforms suggested by
Justice Lodha and his
committee

* One state, one cricket body: One association of each state


will be a full member and have right to vote. The committee
said one unit should represent one state, while taking away
the voting rights of institutional and city-based units.
* No Minister or Government Office holder can be BCCI
official.
* a cumulative period of nine years as the maximum term for
any office-bearer and said no office-bearer should be allowed
to contest any post in subsequent elections
* A person cannot be a BCCI office-bearer and a state
association office-bearer at the same time.
* CEO-run organisation: Committee also suggested the
restructuring of the BCCI's administrative set-up, proposing
the position of a CEO accountable to a nine-member apex
council. An apex council for the BCCI comprising 9
members, of which 5 should be elected, 2 should be
representatives of players association, and one woman. CEO
to be assisted by 6 professional managers and the team of
CEO and managers will be accountable to the apex council.
* Under RTI: Since the BCCI performs public functions,
committee recommended bringing BCCI within the purview
of the RTI Act
KAIZEN IAS CIRCLE

5 January 2016

* Formation of a players' association: This will be formed


by a steering committee, headed by former Home Secretary
G K Pillai, and comprising former captains Mohinder
Amarnath and Anil Kumble along with women's legend
Diana Edulji. The committee said that the players'
association will include all those who have played first-class
cricket. Also, a robust agent registration system to safeguard
players interests to be formed.
* IPL revamp: IPL and BCCI to have separate governing
bodies. IPL Governing Council will comprise nine members.
The Secretary and the Treasurer of the BCCI will be exofficio members of this IPL governing council. Two other
members of the IPL Governing Council will be nominated/
elected by the full members. Of the remaining five, two will
be the nominees of franchises, one will be a representative of
the players association (so one needs to be formed), one will
be a nominee of the Comptroller and Auditor General of
India's office.
* Independent authorities: The committee suggested three
authorities to help with the BCCI governance as follows:
An ombudsman - who's duty would be to preside internal
disputes resolution mechanism, dispute between BCCI and
members, BCCI and associates, breaches by administrators,
players, team officials - to be appointed. The committee
proposed that he be a former judge of the Supreme Court or
a Chief Justice of High Court.
An ethics officer - whose task is to administer the issues
relating to the conflict of interest, misdemeanour,
misbehaviour or corruption issues - to be appointed. The
committee suggested that be a former High Court judge.
An Electoral Officer, who would oversee the entire election
process related to the office bearers, namely preparation of
voters list, issues of eligibility of office bearers etc. The
officer will be nominated weeks before the date of election.
* Former IPL COO Sundar Raman cleared of all corruption
charges.
* Senior selection committee to be made up of former
international Test cricketers, with the most capped former
player among the three being the chairman. Other selection
committees to comprise only three members.
* Recommendation made to legalize betting (with strong
safeguards), except for those covered by the BCCI and IPL
regulations. Also, to make spot-fixing a criminal offence.

KAIZEN IAS CIRCLE

5 January 2016

Iran- saudi arabia


mounting tensions

The name "Sunni" is derived from the


phrase "Ahl al-Sunnah", or "People of
the Tradition". The tradition in this case
refers to practices based on what the
Prophet Muhammad said, did, agreed to
or condemned. All Muslims are guided
by the Sunnah, but Sunnis stress its
primacy. Shias are also guided by the
wisdom of Muhammad's descendants
through his son-in-law and cousin, Ali.
Shia constitute about 10% of all
Muslims, and globally their population is
estimated at between 154 and 200
million.

Relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran are at their


worst for nearly 30 years.
Tensions have spiralled recently following the execution of
Saudi cleric Nimr al-Nimr, the subsequent setting ablaze of
the Saudi embassy in Tehran, and Riyadh's expulsion of
Iranian diplomats. Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr, who has been
executed by Saudi Arabia, was a prominent, outspoken
religious leader drawn from the country's marginalised Shia
minority.
Background of role sectarianism played in recent crises?
In countries which have been governed by Sunnis, Shia tend
to make up the poorest sections of society. They often see
themselves as victims of discrimination and oppression.
Sunni extremists frequently denounce Shia as heretics who
should be killed.

The Iranian revolution of 1979 launched a radical


Shia Islamist agenda that was perceived as a
challenge to conservative Sunni regimes, particularly
in the Gulf. Tehran's policy of supporting Shia
militias and parties beyond its borders was matched
by Sunni-ruled Gulf states, which strengthened their
links to Sunni governments and movements
elsewhere.
In Syria, Iranian troops, Hezbollah fighters and
Iranian-backed Shia militiamen have been helping
the Shia-led government battle the Sunni-dominated
opposition. Sunni jihadist groups, including Islamic
State (IS), have meanwhile been targeting Shia and
their places of worship in Syria and neighbouring
Iraq.
KAIZEN IAS CIRCLE

5 January 2016

North east
earthquake

Struck early morning on 04.01.2016


6.7 on Richter scale
Epicentre- Kabui Kjulen, 10 km from Noney sub-division
of Manipurs Tamenglong district.
2 teams of NDRF deployed in Manipur.

NDRF- NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE


Two national calamities in quick succession in the form of Orissa Super Cyclone (1999) and Gujarat
Earthquake (2001) brought about the realization of the need of having a specialist response mechanism at
National Level to effectively respond to disasters. It led to the enactment of the DM Act on 26 Dec 2005.
The NDMA was constituted to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
The DM Act has made the statutory provisions for constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)
for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters. Accordingly, in 2006 NDRF
was constituted with 08 battallions (02 Bn each from BSF, CRPF, ITBP and CISF). As on date NDRF is
having strength of 10 Bns. Each NDRF Bn consists of 1149 personnel. Union cabinet has also approved the
conversion/up-gradation of 02 Bns from SSB.
The force is gradually emerging as the most visible and vibrant multidisciplinary, multi-skilled, high-tech,
stand alone force capable of dealing with all types of natural and man-made disasters.

China slowdown
- fall in equity
markets

Shanghai Composite Index of China down 6.86%


Caixin Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) fell to 48.2 in
December.
PMI reflects manufacturing activity of Small & Medium
enterprises (SMEs). Any level below 50% seen as
contraction.
Equity markets crashed worldwide. Sensex lost 537 points.
Rupee weakened against dollar by 0.7%

Do you Know?

What is Sensex?

What are shares? How do share prices move?

Who determines the Dollar- Rupee exchange rate daily?

Are share prices & Exchange rates linked?

Be sure to master basics first.. Happy reading!!


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