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RETAIL OUTLETS-Places where goods are sold

CONGLOMERATE-Companies that own or control several smaller businesses selling


very different products or services
SUBSIDIARIES-Companies that are owned by a larger parent company
PENSION FUND-A sum of money reserved to pay a company`s retired employees
ALLOCATION-Distribution according to a plan
EXTERNALITIES-Positive or negative consequences of economic activities
experienced by other people
UNFETTERED-Not limited by any rules or controls
INCOME TAX-The tax people pay on their wages and salaries
PROGRESSIVE TAX-A tax levied at a higher rate on higher incomes
VALUE-ADDED TAX-A tax collected at each stage of production,excluding the
already taxed costs from previos stages
TAX EVASION-Making false declarations to the tax authorities
TAX AVOIDANCE-Reducing the amount of tax you pay to legal minimum
DOWNTURN-A decline in economic activity
UPTURN-An increase in economic activity
CONSUMPTION-Purchasing and using goods and services
GDP-The total market value of all the goods and services produced in a country
during a given period
DEFICIT-An amount of money that is smaller than is needed
SURPLUS-An excess:quantity that is larger than is needed
FISCAL POLICY-Government actions concerning taxation and public expenditure
MONETARY POLICY-Government or central bank acitons concerning the rate of
growth of the money in circulation
STAKE HOLDER-Any group of people with a stake in or an interest in or a claim on
the firm
DISCRIMINATION-Treating some people in a worse way than you treat other people

A FREE ENTERPRISES-An economic system in which anyone can raise capital,form


a business and offer goods or services
EMBODIED-Expressed,given a material form
PROPPONENTS-Supporters,people who argue in favour of something
FLEXIBILE LABOURD MARKET-A situation in which its easy for companies to hire
non-permanent staff
DOWNSIZING-Decreasing the number of permanent employees working for an
organization
RELOCATION-Moving some of a business`s activities to another place or country
RATIONALIZATION OR RESTRUCTING-Reorganizing a company,business in a new
way to reduce costs and improve efficiency and effectiveness
CONTRACT WORK-Temporary employment by an organization to do a specific
project or piece of work
AN EXCHANGE RATE-Is the price at which one currency can be exchanged for
another
PPP-PURCHASING POWER PARITY-Means the cost of a given selection of goods
and services which would be the same in different countries
FLUCTUATIONS-Continuous changes in a price or value
WHISTLE BLOWING-Revealing confidential information to the police or to a
newspaper
HOT MONEY- Speculative money that is invested in a currency for a very short
time
TOBIN TAX-A very small tax in currency purchasing(buying) and currency
selling ,designed to reduce currency speculation
HIGHLY LEVERAGED CURRENCY TRADING-Borrowing a lot of money to buy a
currency or sell a currency
Revelue-To increase the value of a currency in an otherwise fixed system
Develue-To decrease the value of a currency in an otherwise fixed system
Raid-Involves buying as many of a company`s stocks as possible on the stock
market.
Hostile Bid-Appers when the company doesn`t want to be taken over.

A loophole- a small mistake or exception in a tax law,which allows you to avoid


paying something.
Monopoly-A situation in which a single company or group owns all or nearly all of
the market for e given type of product or service
Take over-A public offer to a company`s stake holders to buy their stocks at a
certain price during a given period
Takeover bid : an offer to buy shares in order to take over the company

SINONIME- INTERNAL-ENDOGENOUS , EXTERNAL-EXOGENOUS , BOOSTSTIMULATE , DECREASE-REDUCE ,DEPRESSION-SLUMP , EXCESS- SURPLUS ,


EXPAND-GROW , EXPENDITURE- SPENDING ,PRODUCTION-OUTPUT ,RECOVERYUPTURN, BRIBERY-CORRUPTION, TO EMPLOY-HIRE-ENGAGE-APPOINT-TAKE ONRECRUIT, TO DISMISS-TO FIRE-MAKE REDUNDANT-SACK-LET GO-LAY OFF,To argue- To
fight,Trough Bottom out

ANTONIME- REVALUE-DEVALUE ,DEPRESIATE-APPROSIATE,SUPPLY-DEMAND,DEFICITSURPLUS, BOOM-DEPRESSION, CONTRACT-EXPAND, ENDOGENOUSEXOGENOUS,PEAK-TROUGH,SAVE-SPEND,DOWN TURN-UPTURN,Peak-Trough


Gramatik qeto i kena -Adverbs and adjectives, degrees of adjectives-Comparative -Superlative
,Preposition,Future II simple,Past perfect continuous,present perfect simple. edhe Qeto jon
definicionet tamon tsakta