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Baseline Market Study on Air

Conditioner Use in Government


Buildings
Final Report
Prepared by

October 2011

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Table of Contents
1.0

Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 1

2.0

Respondents ................................................................................................................................ 1

3.0

Number of Air Conditioners ......................................................................................................... 3

2.1

Window Type Air Conditioners ................................................................................................. 4

2.2

Split Type Air Conditioners ....................................................................................................... 4

2.3

Centralized Air Conditioners ..................................................................................................... 5

4.0

Air Conditioner Capacities ............................................................................................................ 6

5.0

Age of Air Conditioners ................................................................................................................ 8

6.0

Sizing of Air Conditioners ............................................................................................................. 9

7.0

Energy Efficiency Ratio ............................................................................................................... 12

8.0

Number of Hours in Operation ................................................................................................... 15

9.0

Potential Savings from Switching to Air Conditioners with Higher EERs ...................................... 16

10.0

Summary of Results ................................................................................................................... 20

Annexes ................................................................................................................................................ 21

List of Tables
Table 1: List of Respondents .................................................................................................................... 1
Table 2: Top 10 Respondents with the greatest quantity of operational air conditioners ......................... 3
Table 3: Top 10 Respondents with the highest number of operational window type air conditioners....... 4
Table 4: Top 10 Respondents with the most number of operational split type air conditioners ................ 5
Table 5: List of Respondents with operational centralized air conditioners .............................................. 5
Table 6: Top 10 Respondents with the most number of air cons operating for 10 years or more .............. 9
Table 7: Number of Air Conditioners per range of kJ/sq m ..................................................................... 10
Table 8: Respondents with the most number of undersized air conditioners (<500 kJ/sqm) ................... 10
Table 9: Respondents with the most number of properly sized conditioners (500-550 kJ/sq m) ............. 11
Table 10: Respondents with the most number of air conditioners with 551 - 1000 kJ/sq m cooling
capacities .............................................................................................................................................. 11
Table 11: Respondents with the most number of air conditioners with >1000 kJ/sqm cooling capacities12
Table 12: Number of air cons per range of energy efficiency ratio of window type units ........................ 13
Table 13: Number of air cons per range of energy efficiency ratio of split type units .............................. 13
Table 14: Number of air cons per range of energy efficiency rations of split and package type units* .... 14
i

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Table 15: Switching Cases and Scenarios................................................................................................ 16


Table 16: Switching Cases and Scenarios for Window Type Air Cons ...................................................... 17
Table 17: Switching Cases and Scenarios for Split Type Air Cons ............................................................ 18
Table 18: Average monthly energy savings per air con ........................................................................... 19

List of Figures
Figure 1: Breakdown of Air Conditioners Types ........................................................................................ 3
Figure 2: Number of units of window type air cons per cooling capacity .................................................. 6
Figure 3: Number of units of split type air cons per cooling capacity ........................................................ 7
Figure 4: Number of centralized type units per capacity range ................................................................. 7
Figure 5: Operating Ages of Air Conditioners ........................................................................................... 8
Figure 6: Types of Air Conditioners operating for 10 years or more .......................................................... 8
Figure 7: Age & EERs for Window Type and Split Type Air Cons.............................................................. 14
Figure 8: Energy Savings and Payback Period ......................................................................................... 18
Figure 9: Energy Cost and Savings per Air Conditioner ........................................................................... 19

ii

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

ABSTRACT
The objective of this survey was to gather baseline information in preparation for a technical and
financial feasibility study for promoting efficient air conditioners or replacing inefficient air conditioning
units with more efficient ones among government buildings. Air con inventory and utilization
questionnaires were sent to 120 government agencies and government-owned corporations, of which
54 responded. The survey counted a total of 4,473 air con units installed within the buildings of the 54
respondents. The units were practically evenly divided between window type and split type units.
Centralized air cons comprised only 1% of the total air conditioners. Majority of window type units had
cooling capacities of 18,900-19,000 kJ/h, while units with 60,000 kJ/h cooling capacities are the most
predominant among split type units. Of the total, some 2,040 units included information on their
operating age. More than one-third (39%) of these had been operating for at least 10 years. A close look
at the correlation between age and energy efficiency ratios (EER) suggested that units that are more
than 10 years old do not necessarily have low EER values. In fact, some air cons that are more than 10
years old have very high EERs. Majority (79%) of air cons that reported their EERs were above the new
minimum energy performance standards, or equivalent to 1-star rating, by the Philippine National
Standards. In fact, most had 4-star rating. Replacing all air cons that do not comply with the MEPs with
air cons that have higher EER values have a potential total monthly electricity savings of Php 693,000
(USD16,500) to PhP 981,000 (USD23,360), with paybacks ranging from a high of 30 months to a low of
eight months. In fact, replacing with higher EER air cons significantly reduces the payback period.

iii

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

1.0

Introduction

This survey was conducted to gather baseline information on air conditioning utilization among
government buildings in Metro Manila in preparation for an investigation on the technical and
financial feasibility of switching to more efficient air conditioning units or air cons. Air cons inventory
and use questionnaires, which benefitted from the comments and inputs of the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP), were sent by the Department of Energy (DOE) to 120 government
agencies. 54 agencies had responded to the survey, and their responses formed the basis of the
present study. The study is of course limited by the quantity and quality of information provided by
the respondents. Many respondents did provide a good quantity of quality data. Nevertheless, data
collected for selected agencies were validated through the ensuing field visits and inspection. The
DOE and International Copper Association South East Asia (ICASEA), with assistance from
CleanEnergy Solutions International (CSI), visited and validated the responses of the Philippine
Health Insurance Corporation, Local Water Utilities Administration, Securities and Exchange
Commission, National Housing Authority, and Department of Public Works and Highways. Indeed,
the visits provided more and better insights on air conditioning utilization among government
buildings. This report was prepared by CSI on behalf of DOE and ICASEA.

2.0

Respondents

The air cons inventory questionnaires were sent to 120 government agencies. 54 responded and are
listed and classified in Table 1. Majority of the respondents (19) are government agencies or
bureaus either directly supervised by the Office of the President or by different government
departments. On the other hand, 16 are Government Owned and Controlled Corporations (GOCCs),
one of which is a development bank. Nine are government executive departments that provided air
con data on their main offices, along with two field or satellite offices. Five are research entities, of
which three are under the Department of Science and Technology, one supervised by the
Department of Agriculture, and one under the Department of Finance. Four of the respondents are
regulatory bodies (Toll Regulatory Board, Games and Amusements Board, Insurance Commission,
and Dangerous Drugs Board). The government-owned television network, Peoples Television
Network, also participated in this study.
Table 1: List and Classifications of Respondents
Government Agencies/Bureaus
1. Bureau of Corrections
11. National Youth Commission
2. Bureau of Fire Protection National
12. Parole and Probation Administration
Headquarters
3. Commission on Population
13. Philippine Coconut Authority
4. Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority
14. Philippine Commission on Good Governance
1

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

5. Fiber Industry Development Authority


6. Maritime Industry Authority
7. Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
8. Mines and Geosciences Bureau
9. National Printing Office
10. National Telecommunications Commission

15. Philippine Economic Zone Authority


16. Philippine Information Agency
17. Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
18. Public Attorney's Office
19. Securities and Exchange Commission

Government Owned and Controlled Corporations


1. Center for International Trade Expositions and
9. National Kidney and Transplant Institute
Missions
2. Cultural Center of the Philippines
10. National Tobacco Administration
3. Land Bank of the Philippines
11. Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
4. Local Water Utilities Administration
12. Philippine Institute For Development Studies
5. National Development Company
13. Philippine National Oil Company
6. National Electrification Administration
14. Philippine Ports Authority
7. National Food Authority
15. Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management
8. National Housing Authority
16. Small Business Guarantee and Finance
Corporation
Government Executive Departments
1. Department of Energy
6. Department of Social Welfare and Development
2. Department of Environment and Natural
7. Department of Transportation and
Resources
Communication
3. Department of Labor and Employment
8. Department of Social Welfare and Development Field Office
4. Department of Public Works and Highways
9. Philippine Army - Field Office
5. Department of Science and Technology - Central
Office
Research Institutions
1. Advanced Science and Technology Institute
4. National Tax Research Center
2. Bureau of Agricultural Research
5. Science and Technology Information Institute
3. Department of Science and Technology Industrial Technology Development Institute

1. Dangerous Drugs Board


2. Games and Amusement Board

Regulatory Bodies
3. Insurance Commission
4. Toll Regulatory Board
Government Television Network

1. People's Television Network

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

3.0

Number of Air Conditioners

A total of 4,473 air conditioners have been reported by the respondents. These consist of window
type units, split type units and centralized air conditioners. Figure 1 shows the breakdown of air con
types. The tally for split type air cons includes both floor standing and wall mounted split units. The
reported air cons are almost equally divided into window and split type units, with centralized units
comprising just a mere 1% of all air cons.
Figure 1: Breakdown of Air Conditioners Types

Centralized
1%
Number of Air Conditioners
Window Type
2232
Split Type
2203
Centralized
38
TOTAL
4,473

Window
50%

Split
49%

Among all the respondents, the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) has the highest
number of air conditioners with a total of 662 window and split type units. Following the DPWH are
the Department of Energy (245 air cons) and Department of Science and Technology Industrial
Development Technology Institute (244 air cons). Table 2 lists the top 10 respondents with the
highest number of operating air conditioners. The units of these 10 agencies comprise 52% of the
total air cons in this study. The complete ranking of all respondents is in Annex 1.
Table 2: Top 10 Respondents with the greatest quantity of operational air conditioners
Respondent

Number of Air
Cons
662

% of Total No. of
Air Cons
14.80 %

Department of Public Works and Highways

245

5.48 %

244

5.45 %

4
5
6
7
8

Department of Energy
Department of Science and Technology - Industrial Technology
Development Institute
Philippine Ports Authority
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main Office
National Food Authority
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
National Housing Authority

207
194
167
164
163

4.63 %
4.34 %
3.73 %
3.67 %
3.64 %

Bureau of Corrections

144

3.22 %

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

10

Department of Labor and Employment

3.1

143

3.20 %

Window Type Air Conditioners

Window type air conditioners have all its components, namely compressor, condenser, and
evaporator coil enclosed in a single box. It is fitted in a slot on a wall or a window sill. The DPWH
uses the most window type air conditioners (358 units). It is followed by the Department of Energy
with 161 units, and by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) with 149 window
type air cons. The top 10 respondents with the highest number of operating window type air cons
are listed in Table 3.

Annex 2 has the complete ranking of all respondents according to the number of their window type
units.
Table 3: Top 10 Respondents with the highest number of operational window type air conditioners

358
161
149
141

73 %

6.32 %

Department of Public Works and Highways


Department of Energy
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Department of Social Welfare and
Development, Main Office
Bureau of Corrections

% of
Respondents
Air Cons
54 %
66 %
91 %

132

92 %

5.91 %

National Housing Authority

128

79 %

5.73 %

Respondent
1
2
3
4

No. of Window
Air Cons

% of Total
Window Air
Cons
16.04 %
7.21 %
6.68 %

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

7
8
9
10

Department of Science and Technology Industrial Technology Development Institute


Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Parole and Probation Administration
Bureau of Fire Protection, National
Headquarters

3.2

127

52 %

5.69 %

101
72

85 %
91 %

4.53 %
3.23 %

65

96 %

2.91 %

Split Type Air Conditioners

The split type air conditioner comprises of an indoor unit and an outdoor unit. The outdoor unit
houses the compressor and condenser, while the indoor unit encloses the evaporator coil and
cooling fan. Split type units do not require mounting through walls. It only needs a small hole for the
conduit that connects the indoor and outdoor units. The indoor units of split type air cons may be
wall-mounted or floor-standing.
The Department of Public Works and Highways also has the most number of split type air
conditioners with 304 units. The Philippine Ports Authority follows with 207 split type units, which
are all its air cons. These split type units include both wall-mounted and floor standing split units.
The following table (Table 4) is a list of the top 10 respondents with the most number of installed
split type air conditioners. The complete ranking of respondents based on the number of their
installed split type air cons is in

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 3.
Table 4: Top 10 Respondents with the most number of operational split type air conditioners

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Department of Public Works and Highways


Philippine Ports Authority
National Food Authority
Department of Science and Technology - Industrial
Technology Development Institute
National Telecommunications Commission
Land Bank of the Philippines
Department of Labor and Employment
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
Department of Energy
Department of Transportation and Communication

3.3

304
207
118

% of
Respondents
Air Cons
46 %
100 %
71 %

117

48 %

5.31 %

106
92
88
87
84
72

91 %
94 %
62 %
74 %
34 %
100 %

4.81 %
4.18 %
3.99 %
3.95 %
3.81 %
3.27 %

Number of Split
Air Cons

Respondent

% of Total
Split Air Cons
13.80 %
9.40 %
5.36 %

Centralized Air Conditioners

The centralized air conditioning system uses ducts to distribute cooled air, or pipes to distribute
chilled water to heat exchangers to multiple rooms. Among the 54 respondents, 10 use centralized
air conditioners. Agencies that do not own the centralized air cons they use such as those that lease
space in the buildings they are in are not included in this tally. The complete list of respondents with
operational centralized air conditioners is in Table 5.
Table 5: List of Respondents with operational centralized air conditioners
Number of
Centralized Air
Cons

% of
Respondents Air
Cons

% of Total
Centralized Air Cons

8
6
6

30 %
6%
8%

21.05 %
15.79 %
15.79 %

National Electrification Administration


Land Bank of the Philippines
National Kidney and Transplant
Institute
Cultural Center of the Philippines

7%

13.16 %

National Housing Authority

2%

10.53 %

Philippine National Oil Company

21 %

7.89 %

Respondent
1
2

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

National Tax Research Center

Philippine Institute For Development


Studies
Local Water Utilities Administration
Security and Exchange Commission

4.0

100 %

5.26 %
5.26 %

5%

1
1

100 %
2%

2.63 %
2.63 %

Air Conditioner Capacities

The succeeding graphs (Figure 2 Figure 4) show the breakdown of air con units according to their cooling capacities. Among window
type air cons, units with cooling capacities 18,900 19,000 kJ/h are the predominant (totaling 573
units). In the market, these units are more commonly referred to as 2HP units (although there is no
equivalence between the HP and kJ/h ratings). These make up 25% of all window type units
reported.
The 60,000 kJ/h (5 Tons) units are the most commonly used split type air cons (totaling 697 units),
followed very closely by the 36,000 kJ/h (3 Tons) units (612 units). The combined total of air cons
with these two cooling capacities constitutes 60% of all split type units. For centralized air cons, the
most commonly used are the 10 Tons and 140 Tons units (which both total eight units).
Figure 2: Number of units of window type air cons per cooling capacity
573

422
Number of AC Units

411

180
133

113
27
4000 6500

52

7200 9300

49

39

9475 9750

41

36

10000 - 12660 - 13188 - 16000 - 18900 - 19600 20045 - 24000 25000 12380 12800 13990 17020 19000
22205
32000

kJ/h

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Figure 3: Number of units of split type air cons per cooling capacity
697

Number of AC Units

612

312

136
98

92

16

20

<6

94
19

3
9

12

18

24

30

6
36

48

60

72

84

6
90

120 >120

in Thousands, kJ/h

Figure 4: Number of centralized type units per capacity range


8

Number of Units

5
4
3

10

30

50

60

90

140

200

250

300

350

500

in Tons Refrigeration

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

5.0

Age of Air Conditioners

Out of the total 4,473 air con units in this survey, some 2,040 units (46%) have been indicated the
number of years they had been operating. The age of each unit was calculated from the year it was
purchased. It was assumed that the units had been operating since their purchase date. The oldest
reported unit is a window type air conditioner installed at the Department of Science and
Technologys central office, which has been operating for 27 years. Majority (39%) of the air cons
have been operating for 10 years or longer. Figure 5 shows the breakdown of these air cons
according to their ages.
Figure 5: Operating Ages of Air Conditioners

0 - 1 Years,
434, 21%

10 Years,
792, 39%

2 - 5 Years,
490, 24%
6 - 9 Years,
324, 16%

Majority of the units operating for more than 10 years are window type air conditioners. Of the 38
centralized units reported, 12 units had been operating for more than ten years. Figure 6 shows the
types of air conditioners aged 10 years or longer.
Figure 6: Types of Air Conditioners operating for 10 years or more

6 - 9 Years,
324, 16%

2 - 5 Years,
490, 24%

Window, 410,
20%
10 Years,
792, 39%
Split, 370, 18%

0 - 1 Years,
434, 21%

Centralized,
12, 1%

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Interestingly, the Department of Energy has the most number of air cons operating for more than 10
years. Out of the total 245 units installed in its office, 163 or 66% are operating for a decade or so.
The top 10 respondents with the most number of air cons installed and operating for more than 10
years are shown in Table 6, while the complete ranking is in

Annex 4 .
Table 6: Top 10 Respondents with the most number of air cons operating for 10 years or more

Respondent
1
2
3
4
5

6
7
8
9

Department of Energy
National Telecommunications
Commission
Department of Social Welfare and
Development, Main Office
Department of Labor and Employment
Department of Science and Technology Industrial Technology Development
Institute
Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Department of Science and Technology Central Office
Insurance Commission
National Youth Commission
Department of Environment & Natural

Number of Air
Cons 10 Yrs
Old
163
77

% of
Respond
ents AC
66 %
66 %

66

Window

Split

Centralized

114
2

49
75

0
0

34 %

33

33

60
59

42 %
24 %

24
38

36
21

0
0

58
52

49 %
54 %

58
30

0
22

0
0

35

67 %

27

25
25

64 %
57 %

11
10

14
15

0
0
10

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Resources, National Capital Region


10

National Printing Office


Games and Amusement Board

6.0

22
22

30 %
73 %

3
16

19
4

0
0

Sizing of Air Conditioners

As a general guide for choosing the proper size of air conditioner to cool a room, the Department of
Energy prescribes a cooling capacity of 500 kJ/sq m. This value does not take into account the
number of persons occupying the room nor the shading or sunlight the room receives. For this
study, units with cooling capacities 500 550 kJ/sq m are the ones considered properly sized. If a
unit has a cooling capacity below 500 kJ/sq m then it may be considered undersized. Air
conditioners that have small cooling capacities or are undersized will continually run to keep up with
cooling a large room. The unit will not efficiently cool the room and will result to higher electricity
bills. Air cons with cooling capacities greater than 550 kJ/sq m are considered oversized. These air
conditioners will cycle on and off frequently. The efficiency of the typical air conditioner increases
the longer they run. Moreover, air cons that run on longer cycles are more effective in removing
moisture. For short cycles, the evaporating coils do not have enough time to operate at the low
temperature and when the unit stops, the moisture on the coils evaporates back into the indoor air
rather than be removed out of the condensate drain. 1
Out of the 54 respondents, 39 indicated the floor area of the rooms cooled by each of their air
conditioners. The cooling capacities per floor area of 2,570 units (57% of total air cons) were
calculated. Table 7 shows the number of units grouped according to the indicated kJ/sq m capacity
ranges.
Table 7: Number of Air Conditioners per range of kJ/sq m
Cooling Capacity
(kJ/sq m)
< 500
500 550
551 1000
1001
TOTAL

Number of Units

Percentage

944
140
1,089
397
2,570

37%
6%
42%
15%
100 %

The table shows that only 6% of the reported air cons are actually properly sized. More than half
(57%) of the units are oversized with 15% operating at double that of the prescribed 500 kJ/sq m.
On the other hand, the main office of the Department of Social Welfare and Development has the
most undersized air cons with 169 units or 87% of its total installed air conditioners. Sixteen (16) out
1

Proctor, John, Katsnelson, Zinoviy, and Brad Wilson, Bigger is Not Better: Sizing Air Conditioners, Home Energy
Magazine May/June 1995.
11

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

of the 39 respondents with kJ/sq m values have no properly sized air conditioners. Table 8 shows
the top 10 respondents with the most undersized units, while the ranking of the other respondents
is in Annex 5.
Table 8: Respondents with the most number of undersized air conditioners (<500 kJ/sq m)
Respondent
1

Number of Air Cons


with <500 kJ/sq m
169

% Respondents
Air Cons
87%

80

33%

75
65
62

63%
96%
85%

3
4
5

Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main


Office
Department of Science and Technology Industrial
Technology Development Institute
Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Bureau of Fire Protection
Philippine Economic Zone Authority

6
7

Land Bank of the Philippines


Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

57
48

58%
41%

Department of Science and Technology Central Office


National Kidney and Transplant Institute
National Tobacco Administration

42
42
41

44%
55%
55%

National Printing Office


National Telecommunications Office

31
31

42%
27%

9
10

As shown in Table 7, only 140 units or 6% of the air cons with kJ/sq m data are properly sized (500
550 kJ/sq m). The Department of Science and Technology Industrial Technology Development
Institute has the most number of properly sized air cons with 22 units. Table 9 shows the top 10
respondents with the most number of properly sized air conditioners. The ranking of the other
respondents with the most properly sized units is in Annex 6.
Table 9: Respondents with the most number of properly sized conditioners (500-550 kJ/sq m)
Respondent
1

Department of Science and Technology Industrial


Technology Development Institute
National Kidney and Transplant Institute
Department of Environment and Natural Resources National Capital Region
National Telecommunications Commission
Department of Science and Technology - Central Office
Philippine Information Agency
National Youth Commission
Mines and Geosciences Bureau

Landbank of the Philippines

2
3
4
5

Number of Air Cons


with 500-550 kJ/sq m
22

% per Respondents
Air Cons
9%

19
13

25%
30%

10
9
9
9
8

9%
9%
23%
23 %
7%

6%
12

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Public Attorney's Office

16%

9
10

Fiber Industry Development Authority


Cultural Center of the Philippines
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

5
4
3

33%
5%
3%

Almost half of the units with kJ/sq m data have 551 1,000 kJ/sq m cooling capacities (see Table 7). Among the
Among the respondents the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority has the most number of air cons with
air cons with cooling capacities in the range 551 1000 kJ/sq m. Its oversized units constitute 92% of all its air
all its air cons. Table 10 lists the top 10 respondents with the most oversized (551 1,000 BTU/sq m) air
conditioners, while the complete ranking of these respondents is in

Annex 7.

Table 10: Respondents with the most number of air conditioners with 551 - 1000 kJ/sq m cooling capacities
Respondent

Number of Air Cons


with 551-1000 kJ/sq m
151

% Respondents
Air Cons
92%

Metropolitan Manila Development Authority

2
3

Philippine Ports Authority


National Food Authority

145
142

70%
100%

Department of Science and Technology - Industrial


Technology Development Institute
Department of Transportation and Communication
National Telecommunications Commission
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
Department of Science and Technology - Central Office

92

38%

72
51
40
33

100%
39%
34%
34%

Philippine Commission on Good Governance


National Youth Commission
Peoples Television Network Inc

31
30
30

58%
92%
41 %

5
6
7
8
9
10

A considerable number of units with kJ/sq m values have cooling capacities of >1,000 kJ/sq m
which is twice the prescribed 500 kJ/sq m (see Table 7). The Philippine Ports Authority has 47 units
with cooling capacities greater than 1,000 kJ/sq m. The top 10 respondents with the most number of
air cons with cooling capacities >1,000 kJ/sq m is listed in Table 11, while the complete ranking is in
Annex 8.
Table 11: Respondents with the most number of air conditioners with >1000 kJ/sq m cooling capacities

13

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Respondent
1
2
3
4
5
6

Philippine Ports Authority


Department of Science and Technology - Industrial
Technology Development Institute
Cultural Center of the Philippines
People's Television Network
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
National Telecommunications Commission

7
8
9
10

Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions


Mines and Geosciences Bureau
National Printing Office
Games and Bureau Administration

7.0

Number of Air Cons


with >1000 kJ/sq m
47
35

% Respondents Air
Cons
23%
14%

26
25
24
23

35%
34%
21%
25%

22
21
16
14

49%
18%
22%
47%

Energy Efficiency Ratio

The Department of Trade and Industry and the Department of Energy has completed the
implementing guidelines for the new standard on Energy Efficiency Ratio and labeling of air
conditioners (PNS 396 Part 1:2007) that establishes star ratings for window and split type air
conditioning units2. (The new standard did not set star ratings for package type and centralized air
conditioners.) Star ratings, moreover, are limited to room air conditioners with cooling capacities
equal to or below 36,000 kJ/h.3 A units star rating depends on its energy efficiency ratio. The
Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) is defined as:

Equation 1. Energy Efficiency Ratio


The succeeding tables (Table 12,

Table 13,
Table 14) show the number of air conditioning units in the survey per star rating. Out of the 2,232
window type units, the EERs of 727 units (33%) were reported or calculated. For split type units, the
EERs of 961 (44%) of the 2,203 units were reported or calculated. These actually include units with
cooling capacities greater than 36,000 kJ/h. For these units, the star ratings of split type units 12,000
36,000 kJ/h were used.

2
3

The implementing guidelines was completed in 2011 and is pending announcement.


This is because of the limitation in the capacity of the testing laboratory.
14

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Table 12: Number of air cons per range of energy efficiency ratio of window type units
<12,000 kJ/Hr
Number of
Window Type
Units

Star Rating
EERs

12,000 36,000 kJ/Hr

< 9.6
9.6
9.7 10.2
10.3 10.7
10.8 11.5
> 11.6

Number of
Window Type
Units

EERs

42
10
30
23
15
27

< 9.1
9.1 9.2
9.3 9.9
10.0 10.4
10.5 11.4
> 11.5

34
59
108
148
162
69

Table 13: Number of air cons per range of energy efficiency ratio of split type units
< 12,000 kJ/Hr
Star Rating

Number of Split
Type Units

EERs

12,000 36,000 kJ/Hr

< 9.6
9.6 9.7
9.8 10.2
10.3 11.0
11.1 12.3
> 12.4

31
0
6
16
0
0

EERs

Number of Split
Type Units

< 9.1
9.1
9.2 9.6
9.7 10.2
10.3 11.4
> 11.5

182
26
94
28
98
20

Table 14: Number of air cons per range of energy efficiency rations of split and package type units*
> 36,000 kJ/Hr
EERs*
< 9.1
9.1
9.2 9.6
9.7 10.2
10.3 11.4

Number of Split Type


Units
64
0
47
57
104

> 11.5
188
* The PNS does not have star rating classifications for split type
units greater than 36,000 kJ/Hr

Majority or 79% of the air conditioners have EER values that comply or are even higher than the
required minimum EER rating by the PNS (1 star and above) . Of the air conditioners with EER
15

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

values, a big number or 22% (379 units) have 4 star rating. However, almost an equal number or
21% (353 units) have EER values below the required minimum 1 star level. The potential electricity
savings generated by replacing these air cons with 0 star rating with air cons that have higher EER
values will be discussed in a later section.
Figure 7: Age & EERs for Window Type and Split Type Air Cons

Age & EERs: Window Type


17.0
16.0
15.0
14.0

EER

13.0
12.0

>=10 Years

11.0

6 - 9 Years
2 - 5 Years

10.0
9.0

9.6
9.1

9.1

0 - 1 Years
9.6 line

8.0

9.1 line

7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3000 5000 7000 9000 11000 13000 15000 17000 19000 21000 23000 25000 27000 29000 31000 33000 35000

kJ/h

16

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

EERs

Age & EERs: Split Type


17.0
16.0
15.0
14.0
13.0
12.0
11.0
10.0
9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0

>=10 Years
9.6
9.1

9.6
9.1

6 - 9 Years
2 - 5 Years
0 - 1 Years
9.6 Line
9.1 Line

5000 15000 25000 35000 45000 55000 65000 75000 85000 95000 105000 115000

kJ/h

The charts above (Figure 7) show the correlation between age and EERs of the air con units. Both
plots for window and split air conditioners exhibit that units 10 years old and above do not
necessarily have low EER values. In fact, the graphs clearly show that many units that were
purchased more than 10 years ago have EER values that are already higher than the current
minimum standard.
Both charts also suggest that that there is a wide spread in EER values for units with lower cooling
capacities (> 12,000 kJ/Hr). But as the cooling capacities increase, the EER values tend to be higher.

8.0

Number of Hours in Operation

The average number of operating hours for all air conditioners is 8 hours per day. However, the
average operating hours of all air conditioners of the Power Sector Assets and Liabilities
Management Office is 16 hours, and it has several units operating for 24 hours. Some other agencies
whose average operating hours is 10 hours are (1) Department of Science and Technology Central
Office, (2) Philippine National Oil Company, (3) Peoples Television Network, and (4) National Kidney
Transplant Institute.

17

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

9.0

Potential Savings from Switching to More Efficient Air


Conditioners

Potential savings from replacing air conditioners with 0 star rating to units with higher Energy
Efficiency Ratios were investigated under the following cases and scenarios (Table 15):
Table 15: Switching Cases and Scenarios
SWITCHING
SCENARIOS
Cooling
Capacities
SCENARIO 1

SCENARIO 2

WINDOW TYPE
CASE 1
CASE 2
12,000 36,000
< 12,000 kJ/Hr
kJ/Hr

Switching to
EER = 9.6
(PNS)

Switching to
EER = 9.1
(PNS)
Switching to
Switching to
EER = 10.98
EER = 11.6
(Thai
(PNS)
)

SPLIT TYPE
CASE 4
12,000
36,000 kJ/Hr

CASE 3
< 12,000 kJ/Hr

Switching to
EER = 9.6
(PNS)
Switching to
EER = 10.91
(Chinese MEPS)

Switching to
EER = 9.1
(PNS)
Switching to
EER = 10.46
(Malaysian
)

CASE 5
> 36,000 kJ/Hr

Switching to
EER = 9.1

Switching to
EER = 10.3

The monthly electricity costs of operating air conditioners with 0 star rating were calculated using
the following equation:

Equation 2. Monthly Electricity Cost per Aircon

The power input (kW) was either provided by the respondent or calculated from the EER using
Equation 1 . As the air cons have different power input or wattage values, the monthly electricity
cost for each air con was calculated. These were then summed up to get the total monthly electricity
costs for each case. Below are the other input values used:
Hours/day

8 Hours/ day

Days/month

22 days/month

Electricity
Price/kWh

PhP 10.00/kWh

The survey results showed that the average


operating hours for all air cons is 8 hours/day.
The number of work days in a month.
The unit cost of electricity charged to
government agencies.

For each case and scenario, air con units with 0 star rating will be replaced with units of higher EER
values. This implies shifting to air cons with lower wattage requirements. The new wattage values
were calculated using Equation 1. The new monthly cost was then calculated using the obtained
18

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

lower wattage values. The difference between the two electricity costs is the savings generated
from the switch. Below is an example of a Case 1 air con under Scenario 1:
kJ/Hr
8,500

Current
EER
7.7

Current
W
1100

Monthly
Electricity Cost
P1,936.00

New EER

New W

9.6

885

New Monthly
Electricity Cost
P1,557.60

Monthly
Savings
P378.40

The cost of replacing 0 star air cons with more efficient ones was calculated using 2008 air con
prices derived from an ICASEA-commissioned study.4 It was assumed that air cons will be replaced
with units of the same cooling capacity but higher EER. The prices used are shown below.

SPLIT

WINDOW

Cooling Capacity (kJ/h)


4000 - 8500
9500 - 12000
13200 - 18000
18600 - 35800
9000 - 12000
24000 - 36000
37900 - 63000
81500 - 145000

Price Range (PhP)


7,500 11,500
12,400 15,000
15,500 21,000
20,300 37,000
13,000 15,500
25,000 36,700
38,000 61,000
77,500 135,000

The succeeding tables show the monthly savings, costs of replacement, and payback periods for the
various switching cases and scenarios investigated.
Table 16: Switching Cases and Scenarios for Window Type Air Cons

Current

CASE 1
< 12,000 kJ/h
Scenario 1

Scenario 2

42

42

42

34

34

34

9.5

9.6

11.6

9.0

9.1

10.98

P 91,341

P 64,570

P 53,437

P 191,548

P 123,225

P 102,126

P 26,771

P 37,904

P 69,323

P 89,422

P 475,028

P 529,380

P 689,657

P 731,016

18

14

10

WINDOW
No. of ACs to be
Replaced
EER
Total Monthly
Electricity Cost
Total Monthly
Savings
Total Costs of AC
Replacement
Payback
(months)

CASE 2
12,000 36,000 kJ/h
Current
Scenario 1
Scenario 2

International Institute for Energy Conservation, Preparatory Activities for Establishing a High Efficiency
Certification Program in the Philippines Market Analysis and Stakeholder Engagement: Final Report, March
2009.
19

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Table 17: Switching Cases and Scenarios for Split Type Air Cons

SPLIT

No. of ACs to
be Replaced
EER
Total
Monthly
Electricity
Cost (PHP)
Total
Monthly
Savings (PhP)
Total Costs
of Air Con
Replacement
(PhP)
Payback
(months)

CASE 3
< 12,000 kJ/Hr

CASE 4
12,000 36,000 kJ/Hr

CASE 5
> 36,000 kJ/Hr

Curren
t

Scenario
1

Scenario
2

Current

Scenario
1

Scenario 2

64

Scenario
1
64

Scenario
2
64

31

31

31

182

182

182

9.5

9.6

10.91

9.0

9.1

10.46

9.0

9.1

10.3

98,525

65,908

57,995

1,176,333

1,002,070

871,782

1,409,743

1,019,626

900,834

32,616

40,530

174,263

304,551

390,118

508,909

440,005

466,282

5,281,722

5,441,881

4,955,393

5,005,086

13

12

30

18

13

10

Current

All cases demonstrate a direct correlation between EER values and energy cost savings. Shifting to
air cons with higher EER values will generate greater savings in electricity costs. Moreover, the
savings generated significantly outweighs the cost of replacement. This is shown in Figure 8, where
the payback period decreases with higher EERs (Scenario 1 vs Scenario 2) despite higher cost of air
con replacement.
Figure 8: Energy Savings and Payback Period
35

Savings, PhP

Months

30

500,000

30

400,000

300,000

25

18

18
14

200,000

13

13

12

10

20
15

10

10

100,000

Scenario 2
Scenario 1

Payback

0
Case
1
Case

Case
2
Case

Case
3
Case

Case
4
Case

Case
5 10
Case
5

20

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Table 18: Average monthly energy savings per air con


WINDOW

Switch to
EER
Monthly
Energy
Savings/AC
(PhP)

CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3

SPLIT
CASE 4

CASE 5

< 12,000 kJ/Hr


Scenario
Scenario
1
2

12,000 36,000 kJ/Hr


Scenario
Scenario
1
2

< 12,000 kJ/Hr


Scenario
Scenario
1
2

12,000 36,000 kJ/Hr


Scenario
Scenario
1
2

>36,000 kJ/Hr
Scenario
Scenario
1
2

9.6

11.6

9.1

10.98

9.6

10.91

9.1

10.46

9.1

10.3

P 637

P 902

P 2,010

P 2,630

P1,052

P1,307

P957

P1,673

P6,096

P7,952

Figure 9: Energy Cost and Savings per Air Conditioner*

*C = Current Scenario, S1 = Scenario 1, S2 = Scenario 2

Table 18 shows the monthly energy cost savings per air con in each case and scenario. The
suggested EERs for Scenario 1 in all cases are the (minimum) EER values for the 1-star rating defined
by the Philippine National Standards for air conditioners. Switching to air cons with the minimum 1star EER value will already generate substantial energy savings ranging from Php 637 to Php 6,092
per unit. This redounds to annual savings of a minimum of PhP 7,644 to Php 73,104 per unit.
Switching to air conditioners with higher EER values (Scenario 2) will generate even greater annual
savings from Php 10,824 to Php 95,424 per unit.
21

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Figure 9 compares the average electricity costs and savings in each scenario. It clearly shows that
the energy cost decreases with higher EER values (shifting from Current Scenario to Scenario 1 to
Scenario 2), which results to greater savings in electricity bill. The figure also suggests that greater
savings are generated in air conditioners of higher cooling capacities (Case 2 for window type and
Case 5 for split type).

10.0

Summary of Results

Air conditioner inventory and utilization questionnaires were sent to 120 government agencies and
received 54 responses in return. A summary of the results of this survey is outlined below:
There are a total of 4,473 air conditioner units reported by the respondents.
Half of the air conditioners are window type units and the other half are split type units.
Centralized air cons comprise a mere 1% of all units.
The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) has the highest number of air
conditioners, with 662 units. It also owns the most window type units and the most split
type units.
The National Electrification Administration (NEA) owns the most centralized air conditioners
with 8 units.
25% of all window type units have cooling capacities within the range of 18,90019,000
kJ/h.
60% of split type units have cooling capacities 60,000 kJ/h or 36,000 kJ/h.
The most commonly used centralized air conditioners are the 6 tons and 140 tons with 8
units each.
More than one-third or 39% of all air cons that reported their age have been operating for
10 years or longer.
57% of air conditioners with cooling capacity per floor area values are oversized having
cooling capacities greater than 550 kJ/sq m.
Majority (79%) of air conditioners that provided their EER values comply with the minimum
1 star rating mandated by the new Philippine National Standards.
A big part (22%) of air cons with EER values have 4 star rating, while 21% (353 units) have
no star rating or below the minimum PNS required level.
Shifting all 0 star rating air cons to the minimum 1 star level generates a total of
Php693,091 monthly electricity savings, and could reach a total of PhP981,318 monthly if
replaced by units with higher EER values.
Savings generated from shifting to units with higher EER values outweigh the cost of air con
replacement. Payback of cost of replacing air conditioners decrease when shifting to higher
EER values.

22

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

23

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annexes
Annex 1: Ranking of Respondents Based on their Total Number of Air Cons
Respondents

Number of Air
Cons
662
245

% of Total Number
of Air Cons
14.80 %
5.48 %

1
2

Department of Public Works & Highways


Department of Energy

244

5.45 %

4
5
6
7

Department of Science and Technology - Industrial Technology


Development Institute/Chemicals & Energy Division
Philippine Ports Authority
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main Office
National Food Authority
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority

207
194
167
164

4.63 %
4.34 %
3.73 %
3.67 %

8
9
10
11
12

National Housing Authority


Bureau of Corrections
Department of Labor and Employment
Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

163
144
143
119
117

3.64 %
3.22 %
3.20 %
2.66 %
2.62 %

13

National Telecommunications Commission

116

2.59 %

14
15

Landbank of the Philippines


Department of Science and Technology - Central Office

98
96

2.19 %
2.15 %

16
17
18

Philippine Coconut Authority


Parole and Probation Administration
National Kidney and Transplant Institute

83
79
76

1.86 %
1.77 %
1.70 %

19
20
21
22

National Tobacco Administration


Cultural Center of the Philippines
People's Television Network Inc.
Philippine Economic Zone Authority

75
75
74
73

1.68 %
1.68 %
1.65 %
1.63 %

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

National Printing Office


Department of Transportation and Communication
Bureau of Fire Protection - National Headquarters
Security and Exchange Commission
Philippine Commission on Good Governance
Insurance Commission
Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority
Commission on Population
Maritime Industry Authority
Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions
Department of Environment and Natural Resources - National
Capital Region
Philippine Institute For Development Studies

73
72
68
55
53
52
52
48
45
45
44

1.63 %
1.61 %
1.52 %
1.23 %
1.18 %
1.16 %
1.16 %
1.07 %
1.01 %
1.01 %
0.98 %

40

0.89 %

34

24

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

35

Philippine Information Agency

39

0.87 %

36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

National Youth Commission


Bureau of Agricultural Research
Science and Technology Information Institute
Dangerous Drugs Board
Public Attorney's Office
Games and Amusement Board
National Electrification Administration
National Development Company
Department of Social Welfare and Development - Field Office

39
39
33
32
31
30
27
24
21

0.87 %
0.87 %
0.74 %
0.72 %
0.69 %
0.67 %
0.60 %
0.54 %
0.47 %

45
46
47
48

Advance Science and Technology Institute


Fiber Industry Development Authority
Philippine National Oil Company
Philippine Army

16
15
14
14

0.36 %
0.34 %
0.31 %
0.31 %

49
50
51
52
53
54

Toll Regulatory Board


Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management
Small Business Guarantee and Finance Corporation
Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
National Tax Research Center
Local Water Utilities Administration

13
10
8
4
2
1

0.29 %
0.22 %
0.18 %
0.09 %
0.04 %
0.02 %

4473

100 %

TOTAL

25

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 2: Ranking of Respondents Based on the Number of their Window Type Air Cons
Respondents

Number of
Window Air
Cons
358

% of
Respondents
Air Cons
54 %

% of Total
Window Air
Cons
16.04 %

Department of Public Works and Highways

2
3

Department of Energy
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority

161
149

66 %
91 %

7.21 %
6.68 %

141

73 %

6.32 %

5
6
7

Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main


Office
Bureau of Corrections
National Housing Authority
Department of Science and Technology - Industrial
Technology Development Institute/Chemicals & Energy
Division

132
128
127

92 %
79 %
52 %

5.91 %
5.73 %
5.69 %

8
9
10
11

Mines and Geosciences Bureau


Parole and Probation Administration
Bureau of Fire Protection, National Headquarters
National Kidney and Transplant Institute

101
72
65
61

85 %
91 %
96 %
80 %

4.53 %
3.23 %
2.91 %
2.73 %

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Department of Labor and Employment


Department of Science and Technology, Central Office
National Tobacco Administration
National Food Authority
Philippine Coconut Authority
Philippine Commission on Good Governance
Philippine Institute For Development Studies
Maritime Industry Authority
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

55
55
53
49
48
39
38
36
30

38 %
57 %
71 %
29 %
58 %
74 %
95 %
80 %
26 %

2.46 %
2.46 %
2.37 %
2.20 %
2.15 %
1.75 %
1.70 %
1.61 %
1.34 %

21
22

People's Television Network Inc.


National Youth Commission

26
25

35 %
64 %

1.16 %
1.12 %

23
24
25
26
27

24
23
22
21
19

33 %
74 %
67 %
29 %
43 %

1.08 %
1.03 %
0.99 %
0.94 %
0.85 %

28
29
30

National Printing Office


Public Attorney's Office
Science and Technology Information Institute
Philippine Economic Zone Authority
Department of Environment and Natural Resources,
National Capital Region
Games and Amusement Board
Cultural Center of the Philippines
Philippine Information Agency

19
18
17

63 %
24 %
44 %

0.85 %
0.81 %
0.76 %

31
32

Department of Social Welfare and Developmen, Field Office


Fiber Industry Development Authority

15
13

71 %
87 %

0.67 %
0.58 %

33

Commission on Population

12

25 %

0.54 %

34

Security and Exchange Commission

11

20 %

0.49 %
26

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

35

National Electrification Administration

11

41 %

0.49 %

36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

Toll Regulatory Board


National Telecommunications Commission
Insurance Commission
Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions
Dangerous Drugs Board
Bureau of Agricultural Research
Philippine Army
Philippine National Oil Company
National Development Company

11
10
9
7
7
5
4
3
2

85 %
9%
17 %
16 %
22 %
13 %
29 %
21 %
8%

0.49 %
0.45 %
0.40 %
0.31 %
0.31 %
0.22 %
0.18 %
0.13 %
0.09 %

TOTAL

2232

100 %

Respondents not included in this list do not use window type air cons.

27

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 3: Ranking of Respondents Based on the Number of their Split Type Air Cons
Number of
Split Type
Air Cons
304

% of
Respondents
Air Cons
46 %

% of Total
Split Air
Cons
13.80 %

207
118

100 %
71 %

9.40 %
5.36 %

117

48 %

5.31 %

106
92
88
87

91 %
94 %
62 %
74 %

4.81 %
4.18 %
3.99 %
3.95 %

84
72
53

34 %
100 %
27 %

3.81 %
3.27 %
2.41 %

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

Department of Energy
Department of Transportation and Communication
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main
Office
Cultural Center of the Philippines
Philippine Economic Zone Authority
Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority
National Printing Office
People's Television Network Inc.
Security and Exchange Commission
Insurance Commission
Department of Science and Technology, Central Office
Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions
Commission on Population
Philippine Coconut Authority
Bureau of Agricultural Research

52
52
52
49
48
43
43
41
38
36
35
34

69 %
71 %
100 %
67 %
65 %
78 %
83 %
43 %
84 %
75 %
42 %
87 %

2.36 %
2.36 %
2.36 %
2.22 %
2.18 %
1.95 %
1.95 %
1.86 %
1.72 %
1.63 %
1.59 %
1.54 %

24

National Housing Authority

31

19 %

1.41 %

25

25

57 %

1.13 %

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

Department of Environment and Natural Resources,


National Capital Region
Dangerous Drugs Board
National Tobacco Administration
Philippine Information Agency
National Development Company
Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Advance Science and Technology Institute
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Philippine Commission on Good Governance
National Youth Commission

25
22
22
22
18
16
15
14
14

78 %
29 %
56 %
92 %
15 %
100 %
9%
26 %
36 %

1.13 %
1.00 %
1.00 %
1.00 %
0.82 %
0.73 %
0.68 %
0.64 %
0.64 %

35

Bureau of Corrections

12

8%

0.54 %

Respondents
1

Department of Public Works and Highways

2
3

Philippine Ports Authority


National Food Authority

Department of Science and Technology - Industrial


Technology Development Institute
National Telecommunications Commission
Landbank of the Philippines
Department of Labor and Employment
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

28

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

36

Science and Technology Information Institute

11

33 %

0.50 %

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Games and Amusement Board


Philippine Army
Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management
National Kidney and Transplant Institute
Maritime Industry Authority
Public Attorney's Office
National Electrification Administration
Philippine National Oil Company
Small Business Guarantee and Finance Corporation

11
10
10
9
9
8
8
8
8

37 %
71 %
100 %
12 %
20 %
26 %
30 %
57 %
100 %

0.50 %
0.45 %
0.45 %
0.41 %
0.41 %
0.36 %
0.36 %
0.36 %
0.36 %

46
47

Parole and Probation Administration


Department of Social Welfare and Development, Field
Office
Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
Bureau of Fire Protection, National Headquarters
Fiber Industry Development Authority
Toll Regulatory Board
TOTAL

7
6

9%
29 %

0.32 %
0.27 %

4
3
2
2
2203

100 %
4%
13 %
15 %

0.18 %
0.14 %
0.09 %
0.09 %
100 %

48
49
50
51

Respondents not on the list do not use split type air conditioners.

29

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 4: Ranking of Respondents based on the Number of Air Cons Operating for 10 Years or More

Respondent

Number of Air
Cons 10 Yrs
Old
163
77

% of
Respond
ents AC
66 %
66 %

Window

Split

Centralized

114
2

49
75

0
0

1
2

Department of Energy
National Telecommunications
Commission

Department of Social Welfare and


Development, Main Office
Department of Labor and Employment
Department of Science and Technology Industrial Technology Development
Institute
Mines and Geosciences Bureau

66

34 %

33

33

60
59

42 %
24 %

24
38

36
21

0
0

58

49 %

58

Department of Science and Technology,


Central Office

52

54 %

30

22

8
9

Insurance Commission
National Youth Commission
Department of Environment & Natural
Resources, National Capital Region

35
25
25

67 %
64 %
57 %

8
11
10

27
14
15

0
0
0

10
11

National Printing Office


Games and Amusement Board

22
22

30 %
73 %

3
16

19
6

0
0

12

Science and Technology Information


Institute
National Tobacco Administration

19

58 %

10

17

23 %

16

National Electrification Administration


Department of Social Welfare and
Development, Field Office
National Kidney and Transplant Institute
Philippine Information Agency

12
11

44 %
52 %

0
9

4
2

8
0

10
10

13 %
26 %

0
5

9
5

1
0

Philippine Institute For Development


Studies

23 %

Bureau of Agricultural Research


People's Television Network Inc.
Public Attorney's Office
Small Business Guarantee and Finance
Corporation
23 Center for International Trade Expositions
and Missions
24 Philippine National Oil Company
TOTAL

8
8
8
8

21 %
11 %
26 %
100 %

5
6
3
0

3
2
5
8

0
0
0
0

11 %

3
792

21 %

0
410

0
370

3
12

4
5

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

30

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 5: Ranking of Respondents based on the number of their air cons which are <500 kJ/sqm
Number of Air Cons
with <500 kJ/sqm

% Respondents Air
Cons

Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main


Office
Department of Science and Technology Industrial
Technology Development Institute

169

87%

80

33%

Mines and Geosciences Bureau


Bureau of Fire Protection
Philippine Economic Zone Authority
Landbank of the Philippines
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
Department of Science and Technology Central Office

75
65
62
57
48
42

63%
96%
85%
58%
41%
44%

National Kidney and Transplant Institute


National Tobacco Administration
National Printing Office
National Telecommunications Office
Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority
National Food Authority

42
41
31
31
26
25

55%
55%
42%
27%
50 %
15 %

13
14
15
16
17

Cultural Center of the Philippines


Public Attorney's Office
National Development Company
Philippine Ports Authority
Philippine Information Agency
Philippine Commission on Good Governance

23
18
16
13
11
11

31 %
58 %
67 %
6%
28 %
21 %

18

Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management


Small Business Guarantee and Finance Corporation
Fiber Industry Development Authority

8
8
7

80 %
100 %
47 %

Dangerous Drugs Board


National Electrification Administration

6
6

19 %
22 %

Toll Regulatory Board


Department of Social Welfare and Development, Field
Office
People's Television Network Inc.
Department of Environment and Natural Resources,
National Capital Region

6
4

46 %
19 %

4
3

5%
7%

3
2
1
944

21 %
4%
100 %

Respondent
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

19
20

21

22

23
24

Philippine Army
Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions
Local Water Utilities Administration
TOTAL

31

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 6: Ranking of Respondents according to the number of air cons which are 500-550 kJ/sqm
Number of Air Cons
with 500-550 BTU/sqm

% per Respondents
Air Cons

Department of Science and Technology Industrial


Technology Development Institute
National Kidney and Transplant Institute
Department of Environment and Natural Resources National Capital Region

22

9%

19
13

25 %
30 %

4
5

National Telecommunications Commission


Department of Science and Technology - Central Office

10
9

9%
9%

6
7

Philippine Information Agency


National Youth Commission
Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Landbank of the Philippines

9
9
8
6

23 %
23 %
7%
6%

Public Attorney's Office


Fiber Industry Development Authority
Cultural Center of the Philippines
Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions

5
5
4
3
3

16 %
33 %
5%
3%
7%

Bureau of Agricultural Research


Philippine Economic Zone Authority
National Development Company
Philippine Ports Authority
National Electrification Administration
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main
Office
National Printing Office
Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority
People's Television Network Inc.
TOTAL

3
2
2
2
2
1

8%
3%
8%
1%
7%
1%

1
1
1
140

1%
2%
1%

Respondent
1
2
3

8
9
10

11

12

32

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 7: Ranking of Respondents based on their number of air cons which are 551 - 1000 kJ/sqm
Respondent

Number of Air Cons


with 551-1000 kJ/sqm

% Respondents
Air Cons

1
2
3
4

Metropolitan Manila Development Authority


Philippine Ports Authority
National Food Authority
Department of Science and Technology - Industrial
Technology Development Institute

151
145
142
92

92%
70%
100%
38%

Department of Transportation and Communication

72

100%

6
7
8
9
10

National Telecommunications Commission


Philippine Overseas Employment Administration
Department of Science and Technology - Central Office
Philippine Commission on Good Governance
National Youth Commission

51
40
33
31
30

39%
34%
34%
58%
92%

People's Television Network Inc.


Bureau of Agricultural Research
Dangerous Drugs Board
National Tobacco Administration
Department of Environment and Natural Resources,
National Capital Region

30
25
22
21
21

41 %
64 %
69 %
28 %
48 %

Landbank of the Philippines


Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions
National Printing Office
Cultural Center of the Philippines
Games and Amusement Board

20
18
17
17
16

20 %
40 %
23 %
23 %
53 %

Mines and Geosciences Bureau


Philippine Information Agency
Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority
Public Attorney's Office
National Electrification Administration
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main
Office
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Field
Office
National Development Company
Toll Regulatory Board

15
15
13
8
7
6

13 %
38 %
25 %
26 %
26 %
3%

29 %

6
5

21 %
38 %

Philippine Army
Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management
Philippine National Oil Company
National Kidney and Transplant Institute
Fiber Industry Development Authority

4
4
2
2
1
1

29 %
100 %
20 %
14 %
1%
7%

11
12
13

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

23
24
25
26

TOTAL

1,088
33

Baseline Market Study on Air Conditioner Use in Government Buildings

Annex 8: Ranking of Respondents based on the number of their air cons which are >1000 kJ/sqm
Number of Air Cons
with >1000 kJ/sqm

% Respondents Air
Cons

47
35

23%
14%

3
4

Philippine Ports Authority


Department of Science and Technology - Industrial
Technology Development Institute
Cultural Center of the Philippines
People's Television Network

26
25

35%
34%

5
6
7
8
9
10

Philippine Overseas Employment Administration


National Telecommunications Commission
Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions
Mines and Geosciences Bureau
National Printing Office
Games and Bureau Administration

24
23
22
21
16
14

21%
20 %
49%
18%
22%
47%

11

National Tobacco Administration


Metropolitan Manila Development Authority

13
13

17 %
8%

12
13

Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority


Philippine Commission on Good Governance
Department of Social Welfare and Development - Field
Office
Bureau of Agricultural Research
Philippine Economic Zone Authority
Landbank of the Philippines
Department of Science and Technology - Central Office
Philippine National Oil Company

12
11
11

23 %
21 %
52 %

11
9
9
9
9

28 %
12 %
9%
9%
64 %

National Kidney and Transplant Institute


Department of Environment and Natural Resources National Capital Region
Philippine Army
National Electrification Administration

8
7

11 %
16 %

7
4

50 %
15 %

Philippine Information Agency


Dangerous Drugs Board
Department of Social Welfare and Development, Main
Office
Fiber Industry Development Authority
National Development Company

3
3
2

8%
9%
1%

2
1

13 %
4%

1
398

8%

Respondent
1
2

14

15
16

17
18
19

20

Toll Regulatory Board


TOTAL

34