Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 22

# Indeterminate Beams

Lectures #26-27

References:
Beer, F.P. et al. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 6th Ed. SI. McGraw-Hill.
Hibbeler, R.C. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 8th Ed. Prentice Hall.
Procedure for Analysis v4.2
 FBD. Check for indeterminacy. If indeterminate assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function / diagram (M/EI)
 Deformation / Compatibility
 Deflection Diagram
 DIM: Boundary conditions
 AMM: Geometric relationships using reference tangent
 Slope and Deflection
 Superposition Method using DIM or AMM

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
 For the uniform beam, determine the reaction at A and
determine the slope at A

Solution:
 FBD. Assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function

##  Slope and deflection

 Evaluate the slope at A

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
𝑚
𝑀 𝑥 = 𝑅𝐴 𝑥 1 − 𝑥 3
6

##  Slope and deflection

𝑑𝑦 𝑅𝐴 𝑥 2 𝜔𝑜
𝐸𝐼 = − 𝑥 4 + 𝐶1
𝑑𝑥 2 24𝐿
𝑅𝐴 𝑥 3 𝜔𝑜
𝐸𝐼 𝑦 = − 𝑥 5 + 𝐶1 𝑥 + 𝐶2
𝑅𝐴 6 120𝐿

## Applying the boundary conditions

at 𝑥 = 0, 𝑦 = 0: 𝐶2 = 0
1 1
at 𝑥 = 𝐿, 𝜃 = 0: 𝑅𝐴 𝐿2 − 𝜔𝑜 𝐿3 + 𝐶1 = 0
2 24
1 1
at 𝑥 = 𝐿, 𝑦 = 0: 𝑅𝐴 𝐿3− 𝜔𝐿4 …
6 120
+𝐶1 𝐿 + 𝐶2 = 0

1
solving simultaneously: 𝑅𝐴 = 𝜔𝐿 ↑
10
 Slope and deflection
 Evaluate the slope at A

𝑅𝐴

𝑅𝐴
Problem 26.2 – DIM Superposition Method
 For the uniform beam, determine the reaction at B

Solution:
 FBD. Assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function

##  Slope and deflection

 Draw the superposition diagrams
(maintain stability and determinacy)

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Problem 26.2 – DIM Superposition Method
 FBD. Assign redundant force

##  Slope and deflection

 Draw the superposition diagrams
(maintain stability and determinacy)
Problem 26.3-.4 (DIM)
(Find for a partner, and answer at least one problem)

## 26. 3 The beam is supported

by a pin and a roller at A
and C, respectively,
and a deformable post at
B. Determine the force
exerted by the beam on
the deformable post

## Set-up the superposition

26. 4
diagrams and the
compatibility equation
only
Procedure for Analysis v4.2
 FBD. Check for indeterminacy. If indeterminate assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function / diagram (M/EI)
 Deformation / Compatibility
 Deflection Diagram
 DIM: Boundary conditions
 AMM: Geometric relationships using reference tangent
 Slope and Deflection
 Superposition Method using DIM or AMM

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
 For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at B.

Solution:
 FBD. Assign redundant force
 Moment diagram (M/EI)

##  Deflection Diagram / Compatibility

 AMM: Geometric relationships
using reference tangent

##  Slope and deflection

 Use AMM theories to solve the
geometric relationships

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Problem 27.2 – AMM Superposition
 For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at B.
Problem 27.3 – AMM Superposition
 For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at B.

Solution:
 FBD. Assign redundant force

## Set-up the Superposition diagrams

 Moment diagram (M/EI)

##  Deflection Diagram / Compatibility

 AMM: Geometric relationships
using reference tangent

##  Slope and deflection

 Use AMM theories to solve the
geometric relationships
 Examine the slope at 𝑥𝑚
 Examine the deflection at 𝑥𝑚
Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
 Designate RB as redundant force and determine
forces FA and FC in terms of RB

 Compatibility
From similar triangles, we can find that…

##  Slope and Deflection

 Use AMM theories to solve the geometric
relationships
Perform analysis for each determinate diagram
 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…

0 1
0

## Perform analysis for each determinate diagram

 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…

For convenience, we will consider M/EI diagram from end A to an arbitrary point x
1

## Perform analysis for each determinate diagram

 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…
Perform analysis for each determinate diagram
 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…

##  Substitute to the original equation

Problem 27.4-.5 (AMM)
 Determine the reactions at A. Set-up only the M/EI diagrams and derive the
compatibility equations

27.4

27.5
Summary
 FBD. Check for indeterminacy. If indeterminate assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function / diagram (M/EI)
 Deformation / Compatibility
 Deflection Diagram
 DIM: Boundary conditions
 AMM: Geometric relationships using reference tangent
 Slope and Deflection
 Superposition Method using DIM or AMM

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Summary
𝑀 𝑥 𝑑2 𝑦
 =
𝐸𝐼 𝑑𝑥 2