Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 22

Indeterminate Beams

Lectures #26-27

References:
Beer, F.P. et al. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 6th Ed. SI. McGraw-Hill.
Hibbeler, R.C. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 8th Ed. Prentice Hall.
Procedure for Analysis v4.2
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Check for indeterminacy. If indeterminate assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function / diagram (M/EI)
 Deformation / Compatibility
 Deflection Diagram
 DIM: Boundary conditions
 AMM: Geometric relationships using reference tangent
 Slope and Deflection
 Traditional DIM or AMM
 Superposition Method using DIM or AMM

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Problem 26.1 – DIM Traditional
 For the uniform beam, determine the reaction at A and
determine the slope at A

Solution:
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function

 Deflection Diagram / Compatibility

 Slope and deflection


 Evaluate the slope at A

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
 Internal resultant load (moment)
𝑚
𝑀 𝑥 = 𝑅𝐴 𝑥 1 − 𝑥 3
6

𝑅𝐴  Deflection diagram with the BC’s

 Slope and deflection

𝑑𝑦 𝑅𝐴 𝑥 2 𝜔𝑜
𝐸𝐼 = − 𝑥 4 + 𝐶1
𝑑𝑥 2 24𝐿
𝑅𝐴 𝑥 3 𝜔𝑜
𝐸𝐼 𝑦 = − 𝑥 5 + 𝐶1 𝑥 + 𝐶2
𝑅𝐴 6 120𝐿

Applying the boundary conditions


at 𝑥 = 0, 𝑦 = 0: 𝐶2 = 0
1 1
at 𝑥 = 𝐿, 𝜃 = 0: 𝑅𝐴 𝐿2 − 𝜔𝑜 𝐿3 + 𝐶1 = 0
2 24
1 1
at 𝑥 = 𝐿, 𝑦 = 0: 𝑅𝐴 𝐿3− 𝜔𝐿4 …
6 120
+𝐶1 𝐿 + 𝐶2 = 0

1
solving simultaneously: 𝑅𝐴 = 𝜔𝐿 ↑
10
 Slope and deflection
 Evaluate the slope at A

𝑅𝐴

𝑅𝐴
Problem 26.2 – DIM Superposition Method
 For the uniform beam, determine the reaction at B

Solution:
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function

 Deflection Diagram / Compatibility

 Slope and deflection


 Draw the superposition diagrams
(maintain stability and determinacy)

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Problem 26.2 – DIM Superposition Method
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Assign redundant force

 Deflection Diagram / Compatibility

 Slope and deflection


 Draw the superposition diagrams
(maintain stability and determinacy)
Problem 26.3-.4 (DIM)
(Find for a partner, and answer at least one problem)

26. 3 The beam is supported


by a pin and a roller at A
and C, respectively,
and a deformable post at
B. Determine the force
exerted by the beam on
the deformable post

Set-up the superposition


26. 4
diagrams and the
compatibility equation
only
Procedure for Analysis v4.2
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Check for indeterminacy. If indeterminate assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function / diagram (M/EI)
 Deformation / Compatibility
 Deflection Diagram
 DIM: Boundary conditions
 AMM: Geometric relationships using reference tangent
 Slope and Deflection
 Traditional DIM or AMM
 Superposition Method using DIM or AMM

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Problem 27.1 – AMM Traditional
 For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at B.

Solution:
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Assign redundant force
 Moment diagram (M/EI)

 Deflection Diagram / Compatibility


 AMM: Geometric relationships
using reference tangent

 Slope and deflection


 Use AMM theories to solve the
geometric relationships

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Problem 27.2 – AMM Superposition
 For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at B.
Problem 27.3 – AMM Superposition
 For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at B.

Solution:
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Assign redundant force

Set-up the Superposition diagrams


 Moment diagram (M/EI)

 Deflection Diagram / Compatibility


 AMM: Geometric relationships
using reference tangent

 Slope and deflection


 Use AMM theories to solve the
geometric relationships
 Examine the slope at 𝑥𝑚
 Examine the deflection at 𝑥𝑚
Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
 Internal resultant load
 Designate RB as redundant force and determine
forces FA and FC in terms of RB

 Compatibility
From similar triangles, we can find that…

 Slope and Deflection


 Use AMM theories to solve the geometric
relationships
Perform analysis for each determinate diagram
 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…

0 1
0

Perform analysis for each determinate diagram


 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…

For convenience, we will consider M/EI diagram from end A to an arbitrary point x
1

Perform analysis for each determinate diagram


 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…
Perform analysis for each determinate diagram
 Using moment diagram by parts

 By superposition…

 Adding the results obtained

 Substitute to the original equation


Problem 27.4-.5 (AMM)
Answer at least one problem
 Determine the reactions at A. Set-up only the M/EI diagrams and derive the
compatibility equations

27.4

27.5
Summary
 Internal resultant loading
 FBD. Check for indeterminacy. If indeterminate assign redundant force
 Establish the moment function / diagram (M/EI)
 Deformation / Compatibility
 Deflection Diagram
 DIM: Boundary conditions
 AMM: Geometric relationships using reference tangent
 Slope and Deflection
 Traditional DIM or AMM
 Superposition Method using DIM or AMM

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam (with the use of suitable compatibility equations)
Summary
𝑀 𝑥 𝑑2 𝑦
 =
𝐸𝐼 𝑑𝑥 2
 Loading [𝑀(𝑥)]
 Concentrated load
 Uniformly distributed load
 Uniformly varying load
 Concentrated moment
 Combination of…
 Flexural rigidity [𝐸𝐼]
 Support condition [𝑑 2 𝑦/𝑑𝑥 2 ]
 Common set-up
 Special condition (deformable, “enforced but…”)