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Ali bashi musse daud
Abdirisaq Mohamed Hussein



Overview of Somalia

Transportation System of

Transportation types

Overload problems

Coat of Arms

Flag of Somalia


Overview of Somalia

The Federal Republic of Somalia is a country located in East

Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the
northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to
the east, and Kenya to the southwest.
Somalia has a population of around 10 million with one Race
(Somali), One Language (Somali), and One religion (Islam).
Somalia was an important centre for commerce with the rest of
the ancient world, and according to most scholars, it is among
the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt.
Somalia has second largest coast in Africa continent after
South Africa.

Somalia is a unique country environmentally and

Somalia is famous for its rich natural resources including

Fresh Air
Great atmosphere
Numerous types of animals
Soil that suitable for agriculture
Groundwater, and the Sunlight for energy and solar power

Transportation System of Somalia

The main transportation of Somalia is road.

inadequate transport facilities are a considerable impediment
to Somalias economic development.
There are no railways. Only about 1,800 miles (2,900 km) of
paved roads are passable year-round, and in the rainy
seasons most rural settlements are not accessible by motor
vehicle. Buses, trucks, and minibuses are the main means of
transport for the population.
In rural areas camels, , and donkeys are still used for personal
transportation and as pack animals.

Transportation types

Land Transportation


Somalia's network of roads is 22,100 km (13,700 mi) long.

As of 2000, 2,608 km (1,621 mi) streets are paved and
19,492 km (12,112 mi) are unpaved.[
Majority of Somalias transportation is land based
Some of them use tracks and other vehicles for transporting
goods or people.


As of 2012, Somalia has 62 airports. 7 of these have paved

runways. Among the latter, four have runways of over 3,047 m; two
between 2,438 m and 3,047 m; and one 1,524 m to 2,437 m long.
There are 55 airports with unpaved landing areas. One has a runway
of over 3,047 m.
Major airports in the country include the Aden Adde International
Airport in Mogadishu, the Hargeisa International Airport in Hargeisa,
and the Bender Qassim International Airport in Bosaso.

Sea transportation


Possessing the longest coastline on the mainland, Somalia

has a number of maritime transport facilities across the
In total, there are over 15 seaports. Major class ports are found
at Mogadishu, Bosaso, Berbera and Kismayo.
Additionally, Aluula, Maydh, Lughaya, Eyl, Qandala, Hafun,
Hobyo, Garacad and El Maan all have smaller ports.
Mogadishu leads Somalia in seaport traffic. While daily
shipments bring in vehicles, foodstuffs and electronic goods.
The Bosaso port was constructed during the mid-1980s by the
Siad Barre administration for annual livestock shipments to the
Middle East.
Somalia has one merchant marine. Established in 2008, it is

Air transportation

Air transportation

Somali Airlines was the flag carrier of Somalia. Established in 1964,

it offered flights to both domestic and international destinations.
Due to political reasons in the early 1990s, all of the carrier's
operations were officially suspended in 1991. A reconstituted Somali
government later began preparations in 2012 for an expected relaunch of the carrier.
The void created by the collapse of the airline has since been filled
by various Somali-owned private carriers, such as Jubba Airways,
Daallo Airlines and many others.
Up to 14 private airlines firms operating 62 aircraft now offer
commercial flights to international locations. With competitively
priced flight tickets, these companies have helped buttress Somalia's
trade networks.


Rail transport in Somalia consisted of the erstwhile MogadishuVillabruzzi Railway, which ran from Mogadishu to Jowhar.
114 km in total, the system was built by the colonial authorities in
Italian Somaliland (South & Central Somalia) in the 1910s.
The track gauge was 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in). It was dismantled in the
1940s by the British during their military occupation of the territory.

Ports and Shipping

Ports and Shipping: Four major ports: deepwater facilities at

Berbera, Mogadishu, and Chisimayu; lighterage port at Merca;
minor port at Maydh. Port modernization program launched in
latter half of 1980s with United States aid significantly improved
cargo handling capabilities at Chisimayu, and increased
number of berths and deepened harbor at Berbera.

Overload problems

Overload problems

Overload causes a lot of damages to the logistics of Somalia

As there was no effective rules that control the loading system
of the country, overload is a serious problem that causes the
lose of property and life.
Each year overload causes accidents and loses.
In 2012 which many people calle the rebirth year of Somalia,
government declared that they will take action against any
vehicles that exceeds the allocated tons.
The governments declaration reduces the accidents which
many of the society welcomed very well.