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9/15/2015

JointsGuideforWeldingtoCode

Pipeline Welding
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>TypesofJoints<
Besidesdifferenttypesofweldsandweldingbeads,therearea
varietyofjointtypesusedinwelding.Ajointreferstothewaytwo
metalplatescometogether,Andthetermsusedtoidentifythese
intersectionsborrowfromcarpentry.Belowyou'llfinddrawingsand
adescriptionoftheonesmostfrequentlyused,alongwiththe
symbolsthatrepresentthemonshopdrawings.
TJoint

CodeWelding
AnatomyofaWeld
TypesofBeads
WeldingParameters

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TypesofWelds
TypesofJoints

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CommonWeldDefects

Unlikethewaythediagramabovedepictsit,theweldforaTjoint
shouldpenetrateintobothworkplates,fusingthemtogether.To
assuregoodpenetration,theverticalplatecanbebeveledin

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WeldingSymbols

Whenoneplatesitsperpendiculartoanother,asshownabove,you
haveaTjoint.Thetwosidesareweldedwheretheymeet,eitheron
onesideorbothsides,dependingontheproductspecsor
constructionplans.You'llfindthatTjointsareextremelycommonin
structuralwelding.AfilletweldisusuallyusedforaTjoint,but
occasionallythespecscallforsomebeveling.Inthatcase,you'llfill
thejointwithagrooveweld.

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JointsGuideforWeldingtoCode

differentwayspriortowelding,asshownbelow.

JointDesignsandTypesof
Welds(PDF)
MillerWelds.com
CommonJointDesigns
WeldingHelp.org
ReadingaWeldingSymbol
TheRangerStation.com

ThemostcommonTjointisthefirstexample,knownasamultipass
filletweld.Althoughthenextsectionofthistutorialcoverswelding
symbolsindetails,here'saheadstart:Whenaweldtype(fillet,
groove,etc.)appearsonthebottomsideofthehorizontalline,it
meanstheweldisperformedclosesttothearrow.Whereyousee
theweldshapedepictedontopoftheline,itmeanstheweldis
performedontheothersideoftheplate,awayfromthearrow.When
theshapeisincludedaboveandbelowthehorizontallineinthe
symbol,bothsidesofthejointmustbewelded.

WeldSymbolChart
formechanics.blogspot.com/

Jaw Crusher for


Hard Rock
20-510 t/h Hard Rock
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WeldCracking(PDF)
LincolnElectric

ButtJoint

Twometalplatesthatmeetalongonesidecompriseabuttjoint.The
weldmaypenetrateallthewaythrough,asshowninthedrawing
above,oritmayonlyhavepartialpenetration.Eitherway,there
needstobeagapbetweentheplatesbeforeyoustarttheweld.The
thickertheplates,thegreaterthegap.Forplatethicknessesofmore
thanaquarterinch,abevelorVgroovetypeweldisusuallyrequired
togetthejobdone.Herearesomeofthemorecommonspecsfor
buttjoints:

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LapJoint

Lapjointsarenotweldedwherethetwofacesmeet,butononeor
bothedgesthatbookendthefaces.Generally,afilletweldwilldothe
jobforthesejoints,butit'simportanttohavegoodfitupsothetwo
facessitflatagainsteachother.
EdgeJoint

Anedgejointlooksalittlelikeacornerjoint.Thedifferenceisthat
thetwosidesdon'tjointataperpendicularangle,butinsteadshare
thesameplane(orsomethingakintoit).
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CornerJoint

Cornerjointsbringtogethertwoedgesoftheworkplatesthatmeet
ataperpendicularangle,oralongtwodifferentplanes.(Whenthe
plateslieonthesameplane,youhaveeitherabuttjointoredge
joint.)Asillustratedinthedrawingontheleft,acornerjointmaybe
open(top)orclosed(bottom).Thetwosidesaretypicallyjoinedbya
filletweld.
Tolearnmoreaboutthebasicjointtypesinwelding,takeamoment
toviewthisillustratedtutorial.

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